Abbreviations Used in TLW's Historyscopes (other than the usual commonplace and scientific ones)

by T.L. Winslow (TLW), the Historyscoperô

Copyright by T.L. Winslow. All Rights Reserved.



Numbers: K=thousand, M=million, B=billion (thousand million), T=trillion (million million)

Days of the Week: Sun.=Sunday, Mon.=Monday, Tues.=Tuesday, Wed.=Wednesday, Thur.=Thursday, Fri.=Friday, Sat.=Saturday.

Months: Jan.=January, Feb.=February, Mar.=March, Apr.=April, Aug.=August, Sept.=September, Oct.=October, Nov.=November, Dec.=December.

9/11 - Sept. 11, 2001
adm. - admiral
admin. - administration/administrator/administrative
AKA - also known as
Algonq. - Algonquin
alt. - altitude
Am. - American
anniv. - anniversary
anon. - anonymous/anonymously
approx. - approximately
Arab. - Arabic
assoc. - association/associate
atty. - attorney
Aust. - Austrian
autobio./bio. - autobiography/biography
b. - born
B.C.E. - Before Common Era (negative-numbered years)
bldg. - building
BMOC - big man on campus
biz - business
C - central
c. - circa
cap. - capacity
capt. - captain
CIC - commander in chief
C.E. - Common Era (postive-numbered years)
celeb. - celebrity
cent. - century
chap. - chapter
char. - character
chem. - chemistry/chemical
chmn. - chairman
Chin. - Chinese
circ. - circulation
cmdr. - commander
co./cos. - company/companies
col. - colonel
Confed. - Confederate
contemp. - contemporary
corp. - corporation
Czech. - Czechoslovakia(n)
d. - died
D - defeat
Dem. - Democratic
dept. - department
det. - detective
dia. - diameter
dim. - dimension
dir. - director/directed/directorial
div. - division
DOI - U.S. Declaration of Independence
E - east(ern)
econ. - economics
ed. - edited/editor/edition
esp. - especially
est. - established/estimate(d)
eve. - evening
exc. - excluding
exec. - executive
Fr. - French
ft. - foot/feet
gal. - gallon
Gael. - Gaelic
gen. - general/generation/generator
Ger. - German
Gk. - Greek
gov. - governor
govt. - government
Gr. - Greek
GTT - The Great Track of Time
Heb. - Hebrew
HQ - headquarters
hr. - hour/hours
HRE - Holy Roman Emperor/Empire
h.s. - high school
Hung. - Hungarian
in. - inch/inches
incl. - including/includes/included
ind./indep. - independent
info. - information
inst. - institute/institution
int./internat. - international
intel/intel. - intelligence
interp. - interpretation
intro.- introduction
It. - Italian
Jap. - Japanese
KIA - killed in action
L - loss
Lat. - Latin
lb. - pound/pounds
legit. - legitimate
lit. - literature/literary/literally
lt. - lieutenant
m. - meter/meters
mag. - magazine
maj. - major/majority
max. - maximum
M - million(s)
med. - medicine
MF - Millennium Fever
mgr. - manager
mgt. - management
mi. - mile/miles
MIA - missing in action
min. - minimum/minority
ML - major league(s)
mo. - month/months
mo.-o. - months old
MP - member of parliament
ms./mss. - manuscript/manuscripts
mt. - mountain/mount
m.y.a. - million years ago
N - north(ern)
nat. - national/nationalist
NWO - New World Order
Nor. - Norwegian
NYT - New York Times
OD - overdose
OE - Old English
OF - Old French
OG - Old German
ON - Old Norse
op./ops. - operation/operations
org. - organization
OT - overtime
PC - politically-correct/personal computer
perf. - performance(s)
Pers. - Persian
Philly - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
PM - prime minister/premier
pop. - population/populace
Port. - Portuguese
posth.- posthumous/posthumously
POV - point of view
POW - prisoner of war
pr. - pronounced
pres. - president/presidential
priz - prison
prof. - professor/profession/professional
pub.- publication/published/publishes/publishing/publisher
QB - quarterback
qt. - quart
r. - rules/ruled/reigns/reigned
RB - running back
ref. - reference
reorg.- reorganization
rep. - representative/reputation
Repub. - Republican
repub. - republished
reqt. - requirement
rev. - reverend/revised/revision/revolution/revolutionary
Rez - Reservation
RR - railroad
rt. - right
S - south(ern)
Sans. - Sanskrit
sec. - second/seconds
secy. - secretary
Sen. - Senator/Senate
Serb. - Serbian
SFX - special effects
SHTF - shit hit the fan
Slav. - Slavic
Sp./Span. - Spanish
st. - saint
Sum. - Sumerian
supt. - superintendent
TB - tuberculosis
tech. - technology/technological
teenie - teenager
temp. - temperature
tr./trans. - translation/translator/translates/translated/translating
Turk. - Turkish
U. - university
U.N. - United Nations
V - victory
var. - variant
vers. - version
vet. - veteran
vice-pres. - vice-president
vol. - volume/volumes
W - win/west(ern)
wk. - week/weeks
WR - wide receiver
yd. - yard/yards
y.-o. - years old

Publications often cited in the text:

H.G. Wells (1866-1946), The Outline of History, 1920, rev. by Raymond Postgate, Garden City Books, Garden City, New York, 1961.

Edward Gibbon (1737-94), The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1776-87.


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