Muhammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan (1874-1948) Fatima Jinnah of Pakistan (1893-1967) Liaquat Ali Khan of Pakistan (1891-1951) Iskander Mirza of Pakistan (1899-1969) Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy of Pakistan (1892-1963) Gen. Mohammad Ayub Khan of Pakistan (1907-74) Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan (1928-79) Gen. Muhammad Zia ul-Haq of Pakistan (1924-88) Muhammad Khan Junejo of Pakistan (1932-93)
Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan (1953-2007)

TLW's Pakistanscope™ (Pakistan Historyscope)

By T.L. Winslow (TLW), the Historyscoper™

© Copyright by T.L. Winslow. All Rights Reserved.

Original Pub. Date: Apr. 30, 2018. Last Update: May 21, 2019.

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What Is A Historyscope?

Westerners are not only known as history ignoramuses, but double dumbass history ignoramuses when it comes to Pakistan and Pakistan history. Since I'm the one-and-only Historyscoper (tm), let me quickly bring you up to speed before you dive into my Master Historyscope.

In 3300 B.C.E. a Chalcolithic culture settlement in Harappa in Punjab, E Pakistan (Land of Five Rivers) (named after the Ravi River) in the Indus Valley contains evidence of connection between Indian and Sumerian cultures.

Mohenjo-daro, -2600 Dancing Girl at Mohenjo-daro, -2500 The Priest-King at Mohenjo-daro, -2500

In 2600 B.C.E. the pop. in the Indus Valley and Sarasvati River regions begins to mushroom due to farming (ends -2000), building two large cities by -2500 at Harappa on the Indus River S of Lahore in W Punjab, Pakistan, and Mohenjo-Daro near Larkana in S Sindh, Pakistan, with public bldgs. and sanitation, leaving the sculptures Dancing Girl and Priest-King; discovered in the 1920s.

British Gen. Sir Charles James Napier (1782-1853)

On Feb. 1, 1841 2.8K British and sepoy troops, commanded by British Gen. Sir Charles James Napier (1782-1853) defeat a Baluch army of 30K at the Battle of Miani (Meeanee), ending the revolt of the emirs of Sindh, going on to conquer the whole Sindh Province despite orders only to put down the rebels; in 1844 Punch mag. pub. the message "Peccavi" (I have sinned) under his name, written by Catherine Winkworth, after which the saying goes "If this was a piece of rascality, it was a noble piece of rascality"; in 1847 Napier returns to England, then is sent back in 1849 as British CIC of Bombay (until 1851). On Mar. 24, 1843 the Battle of Hyderabad (Dubbo) (Sindh) on the Indus River is won by 3K troops of the British East India Co. under Gen. Sir Charles James Napier (1782-1853) over 20K troops under Mir Sher Muhammad Khan Talpur "Sher-i-Sindh", and Hosh Mohammad (who is KIA); the Brits go on to conquer the region of Sindh (modern-day Pakistan), with Napier as gov. of Sindh and CIC of British forces in India.

Jawaharlal Nehru of India (1889-1964) B.R. Ambedkar of India (1891-1956) Muhammad Ali Jinnah of Pakistan (1874-1948) Fatima Jinnah of Pakistan (1893-1967) Liaquat Ali Khan of Pakistan (1891-1951) Hari Singh of India (1895-1961) Henry Francis Grady of the U.S. (1882-1957)

On Aug. 14, 1947 India becomes independent after 200 years of British rule, and on Aug. 15 Britain voluntarily withdraws its troops as the Union Jack complete with the Star of India is taken down from Viceroy's House in New Delhi seconds after midnight on Aug. 14/15; on Aug. 15 Jawaharlal Nehru (1899-1964) becomes PM #1 of India (until May 27, 1964); on Aug. 15 Untouchable (Dalit) polymath Bhimrao Ramji "B.R." Ambedkar (1891-1956) AKA Babasaheb, principal architect of the 1949 Constitution of India and author of Annihilation of Caste (1936) becomes law and justice minister #1 (until Sept. 1951); the Partition of India sees India and Pakistan (West Pakistan and East Pakistan, 1K mi. apart), led by secular Muslim gov.-gen. #1 Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) (Aug. 11) become independent dominions of the British Commonwealth; they are separated by the Wagah (Wagha) Rd. on the Grand Trunk Rd., marking the Radcliffe Line of demarcation; Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan (1896-1951) becomes PM #1 of Pakistan (until Oct. 16, 1951); Jinnah becomes "Father of the Nation" of Pakistan, and his dentist sister Fatima Jinnah (1893-1967) becomes "Mother of the Nation"; 400M people (20% of the pop. of the Earth) gain independence from Whitey, er, Britain; the Majlis e Shura (Parliament) of Pakistan is established, with a Senate and Nat. Assembly, located in Karachi until 1960, when it moves to Islamabad; the word "Pakistan" was concocted from Punjab, Afghan, Kashmir, and Baluchistan; Bombay becomes a state of India; in 1947-51 15M people migrate between Pakistan and India; Henry Francis Grady (1882-1957) becomes the first U.S. ambassador to India (until 1948); too bad, Jinnah starts out with a speech seemingly promising a secular state where "Hindus will cease to be Hindus and Muslims will cease to be Muslims, not in a religious sense, for that is the personal faith of an individual, but in a political sense as citizens of one state", then after Hindu-Muslim rocks the house, on Oct. 11 he flip-flops, saying "We should have a state in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play", then next Feb. 21 adds "We have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil"; meanwhile Hindu-Muslim violence kill 200K-1M, and creates 1M refugees in Pakistan and India; Gandhi begins a fast in protest at the partition of Pakistan and India; on Oct. 26 despite a rebellion of the Muslim pop., Hindu maharaja (last) (1925-61) Hari Singh (1895-1961) of Muslim-majority Kashmir signs the Instrument of Accession with India; Lord Mountbatten promises that no permanent union with India will be accepted without a plebiscite by the Kashmiri people, but the Indian govt. hogs its way in and pushes the plebiscite into the future, triggering the Kashmir Conflict (War) (ends ?), causing heavy fighting and becoming a recipe for decades of torment.

Iskander Mirza of Pakistan (1899-1969) Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy of Pakistan (1892-1963)

On Mar. 23, 1956 Pakistan becomes the independent Islamic Repub. of Pakistan within the British Commonwealth, with secy. of defence #1 (1947-54) and East Bengal gov. (1954) Iskander Ali Mirza (1899-1969) as Pakistani pres. #1 (until Oct. 27, 1958) the first elected pres. of Pakistan; on Sept. 8 Mohammed Ali resigns, and on Sept. 12 Bengali atty. Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy (1892-1963) becomes PM #5 (until Oct. 17, 1957); too bad, Mirza doesn't believe that Pakistanis are educated enough for democracy, and calls politicians "mostly crooks and scalawags", going on to attempt to centralize the bureaucracy around himself while going populist to get it done, uttering the immortal soundbyte: "Democracy is hypocrisy without limitation."

Gen. Mohammad Ayub Khan of Pakistan (1907-74)

On Oct. 7, 1958 Pakistani pres. #1 (since Mar. 23, 1956) Iskander Mirza dismisses PM Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy, annuls the constitution, and declares martial law, appointing army CIC Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan (1907-74) as admin. of martial law; guess what, on Oct. 27 Khan forces Mirza to resign, and becomes pres. #2 of Pakistan (until Mar. 25, 1969).

In 1961 Pakistani pres. Mohammad Ayub Khan promulgates the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, taking marriage affairs out of the hands of Muslim religious authorities and putting them under control of union councils or committees, pissing-off the fundamentalists.

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan (1928-79)

On Nov. 22, 1971 the Indo-Pakistan War of Independence begins after guerrilla fighting escalates on the border of East Pakistan, and India masses 12 divs. near the border; on Dec. 1 India launches a full scale attack against Pakistan, invading East Pakistan (Bengal) on Dec. 4 and routing West Pakistani occupation forces to support the new state of Bangladesh, all without a formal declaration of war, causing the U.S. to suspend arms shipments to India, having done the same to Pakistan in Sept.; on Dec. 3 Pakistan attacks Indian airfields in Kashmir and India mobilizes its army; on Dec. 6 India recognizes the new Dem. Repub. of Bangladesh, and Pakistan breaks off diplomatic relations; on Dec. 16, AKA Victory Day Pakistan surrenders, ending the war, and on Dec. 20 Pakistani pres. Yahya Khan is forced to resign, and placed under house arrest; on Dec. 20 Berkeley, Calif. and Oxford-educated deputy PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1928-79), 1967 founder of the center-left Pakistan Peoples Party is sworn-in as pres. #4 of Pakistan (until Aug. 13, 1973), returning the country to civilian rule for the 1st time since 1958, and Sheik Mujibur Rahman is nominated as pres. #1 of Bangladesh (until Aug. 15, 1975); under Bhutto, civilian-ruled Pakistan decides to develop a nuclear weapons program.

On Dec. 20, 1971 Lt. Gen. Gul Hassan Khan (-1999) becomes Pakistan's army chief of staff, until Mar. 3, 1972, when he is ousted by Pres. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and given a dishonorable discharge.

On Aug. 14, 1973 after the 1973 Pakistani Constitution makes the office of pres. ceremonial, pres. (since Dec. 20, 1971) Zulfikar Ali Bhutto becomes PM #10 of Pakistan (until July 5, 1977),

On May 18, 1974 India announces the successful underground test of Smiling Buddha (Pokhran-I), a 10-to-15 kiloton nuke in the Rajasthan Desert near Pokaran, becoming nation #6 to join the Big Boom Club after the U.S., Soviet Union, U.K., France, and China; Canada protests and suspends aid to India's atomic energy program; the U.S. and France think twice about supplying Iran with nuclear reactors, with the U.S. State Dept. uttering the soundbyte that if the shah is overthrown, "domestic dissidents or foreign terrorists might easily be able to seize any special nuclear material stored in Iran for use in bombs", and "an aggressive successor to the shah might consider nuclear weapons the final item needed to establish Iran's complete military dominance of the region", but in June the U.S. agrees to supply Iran with two nuclear reactors, and on July 27 France signs a $4B 10-year development pact with Iran, which incl. sale of five 1GW nuclear reactors; next Jan. the U.S. signs a $6.4B agreement with Iran to purchase eight more reactors; too bad, the Feb. 1979 Islamic Rev. ends all that; meanwhile after a referendum nuclear giant India annexes the Himalayan Buddhist kingdom of Sikkim, ending their 330-y.-o. dynasty and alarming Bhutan, whose 10-y.-o. king Jigme Singye Wangchuck (1955-) took over two years ago on July 21, 1972 after his father (king since 1952) Jigme Dorji Wangchuck (b. 1929) died of heart failure in Nairobi, Kenya, and is formally crowned as dragon king #4 on June 2 (until Dec. 14, 2006), becoming the world's youngest king; by law everyone in Bhutan must wear traditional 14th cent. clothing, and the country has no traffic lights; his daddy ended feudalism and slavery, and introduced wheeled vehicles; the annexation is completed next May 16.

On Nov. 11, 1974 (12:00 p.m.) a car carrying Pakistani nat. assemblyman Ahmed Raza Kasuri (Qasuri), critic of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is ambushed in Lahore; he escapes, but his father Nawab Mohammed Ahmed Khan is killed; it is later traced to Bhutto's men and used to execute him by rival gen. Zia-ul-Haq. On Nov. 12 South Africa is expelled from the 1974-5 U.N. Gen. Assembly.

On Mar. 7, 1977 the first gen. elections under civilian rule in Pakistan are held, and Zulfikar Bhutto's Pakistan People Party wins; too bad, charges of fraud cause a new election to be agreed on; too bad, before it can be held the army stages a coup and gives Bhutto the booto?

Gen. Muhammad Zia ul-Haq of Pakistan (1924-88)

On July 3-5, 1977 using the 1974 murder of his critic Ahmad Rza Kasuri's father as a pretext, Pakistani army chief of staff (since Mar. 1, 1976) gen. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (1924-88) (a non-practicing Shiite Muslim) overthrows the first elected PM (since 1973) Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, imposes martial law, and becomes military ruler of Pakistan (until Aug. 17, 1988), soon getting the Hudood Ordinances passed as part of his Islamization program, modifying the British-era Pakistan Penal Code to introduce medieval Islamic punishments for theft, robbery, false witness (qazf), extramarital sex (zina), and alcohol consumption, along with new punishments of whipping, amputation, and stoning to death, degrading the status of women below men - hand it over, here we go? On Sept. 16, 1978 after the military coup and martial law declaration of last July 5 settles things down, Pakistani pres. (since 1973) Fazel Elahi Chaudhry is officially replaced by Gen. Mohamed Zia ul-Haq (1924-88), who becomes Pakistani pres. #6 (until Aug. 17, 1988).

In 1981 the Majlis-e-Shoora powerless consultative council is hand-picked by Gen. Zia ul-Haq, supporting demands for Islamization and Sharia, causing Sharia legislation to be passed in 1986 after being sponsored by senators Samiul Haq and Qazi Abdul Latif of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, becoming Pakistan's 9th constitutional amendment, which lapses when Zia dismisses PM Junejo and dissolves Parliament in 1988.

Asma Jahangir (1952-2018)

In 1982 the Punjab Women Lawyers Assoc., founded by atty. ("Little Heroine") Asma Jahangir (1952-2018 protests in Islamabad, Pakistan against dictator pres. Gen. Zia ul-Haq's Islamization laws, uttering the soundbytes: "Family laws [which are religious laws] give women few rights" and "They have to be reformed because Pakistan cannot live in isolation. We cannot remain shackled while other women progress"; on Feb. 12, 1983 it protests on The Mall in Lahore against the Hudood Ordinances that make women victims of rape have to prove their innocence in court or face punishment, and the Proposed Law of Evidence that reduces the value of a woman's testimony to half that of a man's, and are brutally suppressed by the police; later in 1983 the Women's Action Forum (WAF), formed in Sept. 1981 by Jahangir et al. demonstrates in Lahore over 13-y.-o. blind girl Safia Bibi, who was raped by her employers and sentenced to three years in prison for fornication (zina), getting the appeals court to overturn the verdict.

On Apr. 13, 1984 India launches Operation Meghdoot, putting most of the Siachen Glacier in Kashmir under their control, triggering the Siachen Conflict (War) with Pakistan, becoming the first assault launched on the world's highest battlefield; over the next 15 years 10K Indian and Pakistani casualties, largely due to frostbite and mountain sickness result; it becomes a V for India on Nov. 25, 2003 after 19 years 7 mo. 1 week and 5 days.

Muhammad Khan Junejo of Pakistan (1932-93)

On Mar. 24, 1985 after Gen. Zia ul-Haq decides to allow elections after eight years of martial law, on the condition that candidates stand independent of party affiliation, causing Benazir Bhutto and her Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) to decide to boycott the election, allowing the Pakistan Muslim League to win a majority, its pres. Muhammad Khan Jumejo (1932-93) is selected by Zia as PM of Pakistan (until May 29, 1988).

Meena Keshwar Kamal of Afghanistan (1957-1983)

On Feb. 4, 1987 Afghan women's rights activist Meena Keshwar Kamal (b. 1956) (founder of the Rev. Assoc. of the Women of Afghanistan) is assassinated in Quetta, Pakistan by Afghan KGB (KHAD) agents.

Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan (1953-2007)

On Dec. 18, 1987 Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007) is married in a traditional Shiite Muslim ceremony to rich businessman Asif Ali Zardari (1955-).

On May 29, 1988 in Pakistan Pres. Mohammed Zia ul-Haq dismisses PM (since Mar. 24, 1985) Mohammed Khan Junejo on charges of incompetence, and orders a new election in 90 days.

On Aug. 17, 1988 Pakistani pres. #6 (since Sept. 16, 1978) Gen. Mohammad Zia ul-Haq (b. 1924) and U.S. ambassador Arnold Raphel are killed in a mysterious crash of their C-130 plane near Bahawalpur; the KGB and/or CIA did it by planting a bomb in a case of mangoes?; Zia was responsible for the overthrow and death of ex-PM Bhutto, whose daughter Benazir Bhutto now runs for PM against a coalition of Zia allies.

Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan (1953-2007)

On Nov. 16, 1988 (Wed.) in a "watershed election" (first dem. poll in over a decade) Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007) is elected the first female PM of a Muslim country, Pakistan, taking office on Dec. 2 (until Aug. 6, 1990); her Pakistan People's Party (PPP) wins 92 of 237 nat. assembly seats, causing her to form a coalition govt.

On May 11, 1998 India detonates Pokharan-II, which incl. an H-bomb, after which on May 28, 1998 Pakistan detonates its first nuke set called Chagai-I, and in Apr. 1999 both successfully test nuclear-capable missiles, making the world way more dangerous.

In May-July 1999 India and Pakistan go to war again for 11 weeks, and on Dec. 13, 2001 the Indian Parliament Attack sees Muslim terrorists kill six police and a civilian, and India blame Pakistan for it, which they deny, after which on May 2, 2003 they restore diplomatic relations, only to break them off again after the Pakistani Muslim Mumbai attacks on Nov. 26-29, 2008, then restore them again on Feb. 25, 2010.

On May 27, 2009 a Taliban suicide bomb attack at a police bldg. in Lahore, Pakistan kills 30 and wounds 250; a reprisal for the govt. offensive?; meanwhile the Obama admin. asks Congress for $736M to build a new U.S. embassy and housing complex in Islamabad; the one in Iraq cost $740M; on June 16 Pakistani warlord Baitullah Mehsud claims responsibility, and threatens to attack the White House and Washington, D.C.; on Feb. 5, 2013 Pakistan-born Am. Muslim Reaz Qadir Khan (1964-) of Portland, Ore. is arrested and charged with providing advice and financial help to Ali Jaleel, one of the three suicide bombers; on June 26, 2015 he is sentenced to 87 mo. in U.S. prison.

On Sept. 18, 2009 a suicide car bomber in Kohat, Pakistan (100 mi. SW of Islamabad) kills 33 and wounds 80 shoppers stocking up for a holiday.

On Oct. 5, 2009 (noon) a Tehrik-i-Taliban suicide bomber dressed as a Frontier Constabulary paramilitary soldier asks to use the bathroom then detonates at an office of the U.N. World Food Program in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing five, becoming their first successful attack in Islamabad since June 6, and the first anti-Western attack in Pakistan since June 9, becoming the start of a Taliban guerrilla war on Pakistan (ends ?), with the Taliban linking up with al-Qaida and other militant Muslim groups to come in for the kill and get their hands on Pakistan and its nukes during the whimpy wishy-washy Obama regime, making many reflect on the nightmare film "The Manchurian Candidate" about a planted U.S. president who works for the enemy?; on Oct. 5 Muhammad Aqeel (AKA Dr. Usman), the only militant surviving the attack turns out to be the leader, who led an attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team in Mar., causing the press to reveal that the Pakistani police had warned the military that he was planning the attack back in July.

On Oct. 20, 2009 Taliban suicide bombers rock the Internat. Islamic U. in Islamabad, Pakistan twice, killing two and wounding 20; meanwhile the 4th day of the Pakistani offensive in South Waziristan brings the Taliban death toll to almost 80.

On Oct. 22, 2009 yet another Taliban suicide bomber kills eight outside the key Pakistan Aeronautical Complex in Kamra (45 mi. NW of Islamabad); an official denies that the facility contains nukes; earlier in Islamabad militants shoot and kill Brig. Gen. Ahmed Moinuddin, deputy comdr. of the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Sudan.

On Oct. 28, 2009 a car bomb detonates in the crowded market street of Peepal Mandi in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing 100, mostly women just hours after Hillary Clinton arrives and pledges a fresh start in strained relations, becoming the deadliest terrorist attack since the 2007 assassination of Benazir Bhutto.

On Dec. 1, 2009 Pres. Obama gives a speech at West Point Military Academy on Afghanistan, announcing that he's sending 30K new troops to bring the total to 100K, with a time limit of July 2011 to stabilize the country and train the security forces to take over and begin withdrawing (without specifing a time limit for the last withdrawals), with the soundbytes: "I want the Afghan people to understand, America seeks an end to this era of war and suffering"; "I want the American people to understand that we have a clear and focused goal: to disrupt, dismantle and defeat al-Qaida in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and to prevent their return to either country in the future", adding that to achieve those goals "We need a stronger, smarter and comprehensive strategy", adding "I do not make this decision lightly. I make this decision because I am convinced that our security is at stake in Afghanistan and Pakistan. This is the epicenter of the violent extremism practiced by al-Qaida", calling it "our vital national interest" to deny al-Qaida safe bases to plan attacks on the U.S.; also "The struggle against violent extremism will not be finished quickly, and it extends well beyond Afghanistan and Pakistan", and "There have been those in Pakistan who have argued that the struggle against extremism is not their fight, and that Pakistan is better off doing little, or seeking accommodation with those who use violence"; too bad, on Aug. 30 Gen. Stanley McChrystal told him he needed 40K more troops (to be supplied by other nations?), the public setting of a time limit undermines Afghan and Pakistani confidence, and he never mentions the real problem of nuke-packing Pakistan; the key questions of whether the Taliban is a threat to the U.S. and/or is going to invite al-Qaida back into Afghanistan is sidestepped, or the idea of negotiating with the Taliban for an immediate withdrawal if they finally hand over Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaida men; on Dec. 4 Rusell Wiseman, may of Arlington (near Memphis), Tenn. accuses Obama of timing his speech deliberately to block the airing of the "Peanuts" Christmas TV special, proving he's a Muslim; on Dec. 2 U.S. House majority leader Sten Hoyer (D-Md.) says that he supports a war surtax to offset the cost of the Afghanistan war; meanwhile since Aug. 30 the U.S. lost 116 troops in Afghanistan since Gen. McChrystal asked for the reinforcements, incl. 17 in Nov., 58 in Oct., and 37 in Sept.; on Dec. 4 NATO leaders pledge 7K troops to back Obama up; on Dec. 8 Gen. McChrystal tells the Afghan govt. that troops will only begin pulling out in July 2011, and it might take several years to complete; U.S. Sen. (D-Mich. Carl M. Levin says that "The surge that is needed is a surge of Afghan troops"; meanwhile on Dec. 3 the New York Times reports that the CIA is expanding its use of drones in Pakistan, incl. in Balochistan Province in S Pakistan where Taliban leader Mullah Omar is believed to be hiding in the provincial capital of Quetta, and U.S. nat. security adviser Gen. James R. Jones delivers a "blunt message" to the Pakistan govt. that it must become more aggressive in going after al-Qaida and the Taliban or the U.S. will do it for them; on Dec. 10 the U.S. conducts its first unmanned airstrike in South Waziristan since the mid-Oct. Pakistani Army offensive, hitting a Taliban stronghold in Tanga in the Ladha region, and killing two Taliban and four al-Qaida fighters.

On Dec. 2, 2009 a suicide bomber explodes outside the Pakistan Naval HQ, killing a guard and critically injuring two navy personnel.

On Jan. 31, 2011 the New York Times and Washington Post reveal that Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is estimated at 100+ deployed nukes, having doubled since Obama took office, and is surging and set to overtake Britain as the world's #5 nuclear weapons power.

Fake Death Photo of Osama bin Laden (1957-2011)

Ding, dong, the witch is dead? On May 1, 2011 (23:40 p.m. EDT) (12:40 a.m. local time) 66 years after the announcement of Adolf Hitler's death) Pres. Obama announces that pesky al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden (b. 1957) was killed by 23 U.S. Navy SEALs, an interpreter, and a tracking dog named Cairo in Operation Neptune Spear around 3:30 p.m. EDT in a $200K (20M rupee) 10-bedroom 3K sq. ft. mansion compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan ("City of Pines", founded as a British garrison town in the 1840s and named after deputy commissioner Maj. James Abbott) in the Hazara district of the NW Frontier Province 31 mi. NE of Islamabad and 93 mi. E of Peshawar, located only a few hundred yards from the elite Kakul Military Academy, the Pakistani equivalent of West Point or Sandhurst; bin Laden leaves a will giving $29M to continue global jihad; on Nov. 6, 2014 bin Laden's killer is revealed to be Robert O'Neill (1976-); the town is HQ of a brigade of the 2nd Div. of the Northern Army Corps, and home to many retired officers; the $1M mansion built in 2006 is surrounded by 18 ft. walls topped with barbed wire(an ISI safe house?); in Aug. the U.S. got a tip about the mansion by tracking his personal couriers; Osama moved there in 2006 after U.S. drones drove him out of the mountains?; the CIA set up a spy house nearby to watch, and kept it secret from the Pakistani govt.; fabled Seal Team Six stages Operation Neptune's Spear with two special ops super-secret stealth helis and an unmanned drone; one heli hard-lands in the compound after mechanical failures; four are killed besides bin Laden, incl. his oldest son Hamza, a female used as a shield, courier Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti (only one to return fire) and his brother; the first shot at bin Laden misses, and he shoves a wife at the SEALS before being killed; four of his children and two wives are arrested, and his computer disks captured (the original al-Qaida or database?); on May 6 al-Qaida and the Taliban confirm bin Laden's death, promise retaliation; Yemen praises bin Laden's killing, while the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas condemn it; Jordan says that it hopes Osama's death will end the "terror era"; on hearing the good news, thousands swarm Ground Zero in New York City to celebrate; in Nov. 2011 Navy Seal cmdr. Chuck Pfarrer pub. a book about the mission, saying that bin Laden was killed within 90 sec. of entering his home, only 12 bullets were fired, and they would have captured him if he had surrendered; the Pakistani govt. is not officially involved in the operation although it is suspected they helped locate the compound and knew of it, with elite Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) kept out of the loop on suspicion they were on bin Laden's side; in Mar. 2014 it is revealed that Ahmed Shuja Pasha, head of the ISI knew bin Laden's whereabouts along with other top officials; hundreds flock to Ground Zero to cheer his death; the intel community warns of possible retaliatory attacks; the first of five nat. security meetings about the compound was held on Mar. 14, and the attack was originally authorized in Mar. as a B2 stealth bomber strike, but Obama changed his mind since he wanted evidence that bin Laden was dead; bin Laden's Yemeni former teenie wife Amal Ahmed Abdulfattah (1983-) tries to protect him by rushing the SEALs and is shot in the leg, then is left behind when there is no room on the only remaining heli; the news causes U.S. financial markets to surge; on May 1 Pres. Obama gives a Speech on the Late Osama bin Laden, issuing the soundbyte "Justice has been done"; too bad, he repeats his dumbass soundbyte: "The United States is not and never will be at war with Islam", and adds the double dumbass soundbyte: "Bin Laden was not a Muslim leader, he was a mass murderer of Muslims. Indeed, al-Qaida slaughtered scores of Muslims in many countries including or own, so his demise should be welcomed by all who believe in peace and human dignity" (he should know, he's a true Muslim?); also: "As we have stated repeatedly since the 9/11 terror attacks, bin Laden never represented Muslims or Islam"; on May 2 Obama adds that "This is a good day for America", adding "The world is safer. It is a better place because of the death of Osama bin Laden. Today we are reminded that as a nation, there's nothing we can't do when we put our shoulders to the wheel, when we work together. And we remember the sense of unity that defines us as Americans"; on May 4 Obama ends speculation by announcing that he won't release bin Laden's death photo, saying he has been ID'd by his wife and children and doesn't want to stir Muslim anger, "That's not who we are", "We don't need to spike the football"; an NBC Poll reveals that 64% agree with his decision; under Osama bin Laden's leadership, al-Qaida was responsible for 10K deaths and injuries in a dozen years; bin Laden's clothing had two phone numbers sewn into it, along with 500 Euros; on Obama's orders his body is quickly (within 24 hours of death) buried in the North Arabian Sea after ritual burial rites in accordance with Islamic practice, incl. the reading of Quran Sura 1 and its curse on Jews and Christians, despite Obama claiming he isn't a real Muslim, and despite Sunni doctrine that it's a "sin"; devout Muslims begin calling the site the "Martyr's Sea"; the quick disposal raises suspicions that it's all a hoax to save Obama's presidency despite govt. claims of DNA verification; on May 5 archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams say that the killing of unarmed bin Laden left a "very uncomfortable feeling"; on May 5 Pakistani army chiefs eat crow, er, warn the U.S. not to violate Pakistani sovereignty or face "the direst consequences", and call for cuts in U.S. military personnel inside the country, which doesn't stop the U.S. from staging a predator drone strike in NW Pakistan on May 6 that kills eight Talibani; analysis of the captured material from his compound shows that bin Laden was considering an attack on U.S. commuter trains on the 10th anniv. of 9/11; on May 6 Pres. Obama tells cheering solders of the 101st Airborne Div. at Ft. Campbell, Ky., awarding the Pres. Unit Citation to SEAL Team Six, calling them "the finest small fighting force in the history of the world", and shaking the hand of the lucky SEAL who killed bin Laden, uttering the soundbyte: "We're making progress in our major goal... of disrupting and dismantling, and we are going to ultimately defeat al-Qaida. We have cut off their head and we will ultimately defeat them"; meanwhile the U.S. Congress gets pissed-off at the complicity of the Pakistan govt., and prepares a list of sanctions incl. cutting aid; the initial lead of bin Laden's courier's nickname came from Khalid Sheikh Mohammed after waterboarding, causing the debate on waterboarding to resume; on May 7 the CIA releases photos and five videos found in bin Laden's compound showing him preening while shooting propaganda films, describing him as thinking of himself as a "head coach" to al-Qaida; on May 8 Pakistan's ambassador to the U.S. promises that "heads will roll" as Pakistan investigates how bin Laden could hide for years in his country, and also promises "zero tolerance"; on May 9 Pakistani PM Yousuf Raza Gilani calls bin Laden's killing "indeed justice done", but warns against any more unilateral strikes, saying they will be met with "full force"; it is revealed that after 9/11 the U.S. and Pakistan struck a secret deal to permit the U.S. to hunt and kill bin Laden on Pakistani soil; on May 11 the U.S. Senate Armed Forces Committee is allowed to view photos of dead bin Laden; a stash of porno is found in bin Laden's computer drives; on May 17 U.S. Sen. Majority Leader (D-Nev.) Harry Reid says that the U.S. needs a "good relationship" with Pakistan, and now "isn't the time to start flexing our muscles"; Pakistani army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani faces a colonel's revolt by the 11-man Corps Commanders for letting the U.S. raid happen; Calif. diver Bill Warren announces plans to spend $400K searching for bin Laden's body; Pakistan arrests the CIA informants who helped locate Obama, causing deputy CIA dir. Michael J. Morrell to rate Pakistan's cooperation with the U.S. on counterterrorism operations as 3 on a scale of 1-10; in 2013 Pakistan begins building a $30M amusement park in Abbottabad.

On Jan. 31, 2012 Taliban insurgents attack a Pakistani military outpost in Jogi, Pakistan, with 10 Pakistani soldiers KIA and seven injured.

On Feb. 1, 2012 Pakistan jets bomb militant positions in the Orakzai and Kurram Agency areas near the Afghanistan border, killing 31.

On Feb. 25, 2012 Pakistani authorities demolish Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad.

On Mar. 30, 2012 a U.S. drone kills two alleged Haqqani Network militants in Miran Shah, North Waziristan, Pakistan.

On Apr. 2, 2012 Osama bin Laden's three widows and two daughters are convicted of illegally living in Pakistan, and sentenced to 45 days in jail and a $114 fine each; on Apr. 27 they are deported to Saudi Arabia.

On Apr. 7, 2012 an avalanche near the Slachen Glacier in the Himalayan Mts. near the Indian border buries 120+ Pakistani soldiers.

On Apr. 8, 2012 Pakistan pres. Asif Ali Zardari makes a religious pilgrimage to India, visiting the Suti Ajmer Sharif Shrine in Ajmer 250 mi. SW of New Delhi after meeting with Indian PM Manmohan Singh for the first pres. visit in seven years.

On July 28, 2015 (eve.) Pakistani police in Muazaffargarh kill Malik Ishaq, leader of al-Qaida-linked Lashkar-e-Jhangv after releasing him from custody in 2011.

On Aug. 16, 2015 Punjab home minister Shuja Khanzada is killed along with several others in a terrorist attack in front of a Hindu shrine during a jurga in his home village.

On Dec. 29, 2015 a Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan suicide bomber outside a govt. office in Mardan, Pakistan kills 22 and injures 45.

On Jan. 24, 2017 Pakistan successfully test-fires its Ababeel multi-target nuclear misslile, with 2.2K km range, capable of hitting many cities in India.

On Feb. 16, 2017 a male suicide bomber wearing a burqa in the Sufi Lal Shahbaz Qalandar shrine in Sehwan, Sindh Province, Pakistan kills 70+ incl. 20 children and nine women; Pakistani army chief Gen. Qmar Javed Bajwa vows to retaliate, warning that there will be "no more restraint".

In July 2017 after quitting her job, Pakistani Muslim immigrant Zoobia Shahnaz (1990-) of Long Island, N.Y. is arrested at Kennedy Airport while trying to fly to Pakistan; in Dec. she is charged with laundering Bitcoin and wiring money to ISIS.

On Oct. 12, 2017 after a tip from the U.S. allows them to make a rescue, Pakistan frees Canadian Joshua Boyle and his U.S. wife Caitlan Coleman, who were kidnapped by the Afghan Taliban while backpacking in Afghanistan in 2012.

On Dec. 1, 2017 an Allah Akbar-screaming jihadist attack on the Agriculture Training Inst. in Peshawar, Pakistan kills 13; an inside job?

On May 24, 2018 U.S. secy. of state of Mike Pompeo addresses the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs, uttering the soundbyte that U.S. diplomats are being "treated badly" in Pakistan, and that it will continue to receive diminishing U.S. aid.

On July 25, 2018 gen. elections in Pakistan are a V for the PTI Party of Imran Khan, while the opposition PMLN Party alleges massive fraud.

On Feb. 14, 2019 40 Indian soldiers are killed and several injured after a suicide jihadist IED explodes near a convoy outside Srinigar, Jammu and Kashmir; Jaish-e-Mohammed claims responsibility; on Feb. 18 a clash in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir with Jaish-e-Mohammad jihadists sees nine killed incl. four Indian soldiers and a policeman; India accuses Pakistan of complicity, which it denies, after which on Feb. 19 Pakistan PM Imran Khan offers to investigate if India provides "actionable" proof, which the Indian govt. calls a "lame excuse"; on Feb. 26 Indian warplanes attack a militant training camp in Pakistan, claiming to kill "a very large number" of fighters, which Pakistan denies.

Timeline of Pakistani history

Timeline of Pakistani history (1947-present)

Category: History of Pakistan

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