TLW's Pornoscope™ (Pornography Historyscope)
By T.L. Winslow (TLW), the Historyscoper™
© Copyright by T.L. Winslow. All Rights Reserved.
Original Pub. Date: Oct. 8, 2015. Last Update: Apr. 15, 2017.
Westerners are not only known as history ignoramuses, but double dumbass history ignoramuses when it comes to porno history. Since I'm the one-and-only Historyscoper (tm), let me quickly bring you up to speed before you dive into my Master Historyscope.
In 28K-25K B.C.E. The Venus (Woman) of Willendorf is carved from limestone in Austria (-25K?); proof of a fertility cult, a matriarchal society, or just prehistoric porno?
In 2 C.E. Roman poet Ovid (-43 to 18) writes Ars Amatoria (The Art or Textbook of Love) (3 vols.), the first Roman sex manual, covering how a man can get a woman in vol. 1, how to keep her in vol. 2, and how a woman can win and keep a man in vol. 3; "I have just armed the Greeks against the Amazons. Now, Penthesilea, it remains for me to arm thee against the Greeks"; "What brings a blush is our special business here"; "I abhor intercouse that does not relieve both. That is why I am not aroused by the love of young boys"; followed by Remedia Amoris (The Remedy or Cure for Love) - that's eating good in the neighborhood?
About 100 C.E. about this time the Moche Culture in coastal N Peru near modern-day Moche and Trujillo arises (until 800), producing monochromatic Chimu Pottery, known for portraying porno incl. heterosexual and homosexual acts.
About 200 C.E. Hindu Vedic philosopher Vatsyayana writes the Kama Sutra (Sans. "thread of desire"), a collection of erotic texts composed since 400 B.C.E., becoming the #1 Sanskrit work on human sexual behavior esp. sexual intercourse; Kama is the Hindu god of love, who carries a bow and sugar-tipped arrows - hey, how would you like to go out for dinner and a little tax talk?
In 1238 C.E. Narasimhadeva I (-1264) becomes ruler of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty kingdom based in Puri on the Bay of Bengal, and begins the Black Pagoda (Sun Temple) at the mouth of the Chandrabhaga River in Konark ("Kona" + "Arka" + corner + Sun), Odisha, India (finished in 1264) as a temple to the Sun god Surya in the form of a chariot drawn by seven horses on 12 pairs of cool wheels, containing 60+ porno sculptures.
In 1502 Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci (1451-1512) pub. Letters About the American Indians, explicit soft-core letters with juicy details about how they go around naked, their sexual habits, cannibalism, communism, etc., which go through many reprints in many languages throughout the cent., becoming one of the first printed bestsellers - the first porno on the Internet?
Piston-pumping porno is born in Romo? In 1524 I Sedici Modi (The 16 Sexual Positions) is pub. by Raphael's chief pupil Giuliano Romano (1492-1546), with engravings by Marcantonio Raimondi (1475-1534); Pietro Aretino (1492-1556) writes 16 Sonnets to accompany them; becomes one of the most notorious works of erotic art after it pisses-off Pope Clement VII, who has Raimondi clapped in the Vatican prison, causing Romano to flee, after which the Medicis intervene, and Aretino and Raimondi are expelled from Rome; the drawings of copulating couples in acrobatic "Aretinian postures" were originally drawn on the walls of the Vatican by Romano to get even with the pope for being late in paying him for other work, and Raimondi makes copper plates of them, prints them and circulates them among the upper class in Rome; the sonnets aren't written until Aretino is expelled from Rome, creating modern porno with its depiction of women as greedy for sex, and using bald words like cazzo (prick), potta (cunt), culo (ass), and fottere (fuck) to shock and excite, while trying to justify it as okay by blaming the clergy for centuries of sexual repression of the people, and portraying them as totally corrupt anyway (IOW let's all do it like the clergy); late in the year Romano accepts an invitation from Duke Federigo Gonzaga of Mantua to help drain the marshes, build flood fortifications along the Po and Mincio Rivers, and restore and adorn the Palazzo del Te, ducal palace and other bldgs.; Raimondi is allowed to return after several months of sniveling. In 1534-6 Pietro Aretino pub. The Ragionamenti (Discussions): The Lives of Nuns, the Lives of Married Women, the Lives of Courtesans; two Roman hos (one old, one young) tell their secrets, plus what happens among housewives and nuns, incl. lesbianism; written to get even with the Romans for expelling him to Venice?; founds the porno lit. industry in Europe?
In 1631 Robert Barker (-1645) and Martin Lucas, the king's printers at Blackfriars are fined Ł300 for their King James Bible misprint that omits "not" from the 7th Commandment ("Thou shalt not commit adultery") (Exodus 20:14), which helps ruin them, ending their lives in debtors' prison; the edition is later called The Wicked (Adulterous) (Sinners') Bible, and all 1K copies are ordered destroyed, but 11 survive, becoming collectors' items.
In 1716 the first ed. of the Kings James Bible is pub. in Ireland, becoming the Sin On Bible when the pop-up porno ad "sin on more" is printed for John 5:14 instead of "sin no more", and 8K copies are printed before the mistake is discovered.
In Nov. 1748-Feb. 1749 John Cleland (1709-89) pub. Fanny Hill, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, becoming the first work of pornography in English; writes it in Fleet Prison (debtor's priz); gets him arrested in Nov. 1749, at which time he disavows the novel, causing pirate eds. to flourish, incl. one with a male rump-ranging episode, fueling rumors of his homosexuality, esp. as he never marries.
The world's greatest blonde bimbo and dumbest peasant boob-king preside over the end of an age of absolute monarchy in France after starting out as the original Princess Di and Prince Charles? On Apr. 21, 1770 after her mother-from-hell Austrian Empress Maria Theresa negotiates a royal marriage to bring peace between Austria and France, her hates-to-read daughter, 14-y.-o. Marie Antoinette (1755-93) leaves Austria, spends two weeks in an uninhabited island in the Rhine Valley where she goes through a ritual of taking off all her Austrian clothes and replacing them with French ones, then on May 16 marries 15-y.-o. French dauphin Louis Auguste de Bourbon (future Louis XVI), changing her name from Maria Antonia and vowing to speak only French and to treat the peuple Francais, er, French people so well that they will think she's an angel; her lady-in-waiting is known as "first lady of the bedchamber"; sick of Louis XV's horde of mistresses, Antoinette is adored by the people of France for the first few years, but when she produces no children year after year while dancing and gambling every night they begin to whisper about her, causing porno pamphlets to begin circulating imagining her shameless sex escapades with everything that moves; anti-Austrian feeling doesn't help either; the groom proves at first uninterested, then unable to ejaculate, and it's not until an operation in 1777 (7.5 years) that she finally has the first of two boys and two girls.
In 1783 French writer Honore Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau (1749-91) pub. Erotica Biblion, a love manual and history of sex; "If all men's penises become as hard as oak trees, then the world will turn into a forest where it would be impossible to move."
In Feb. 1785 the Diamond Necklace Affair in Versailles, France causes Cardinal (French Marshal) (Grand Almoner) Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise (1715-87) to be arrested for conspiring to steal a 2,842-carat diamond necklace once ordered by Louis XV for Madame du Barry (he dies before its completion); you see, Rohan's mistress Countess de La Motte has a smart hubby, and after Rohan fell into disfavor with the royal court and Queen Marie Antoinette refused to buy the necklace, he put his wife up to telling Rohan that the queen is secretly in love with him and feed him fake letters; after he bites, she dressed Mme. Olivia (a whore who resembles her) up as her and arranged a meeting with him last July in the Versailles Palace garden to make him think they have a thing, and the ho asks him to buy the necklace for her on a promise to pay him later; on Feb. 1 the dope signs a note for 1.6M livres with Parisian jewelers Boehmer and Bassenge, and is then duped into giving it to a man claiming to be the queen's valet, after which Count de la Motte and the necklace disappear, leaving Rohan and the Countess holding the bag and unable to pay the jewelers, who take his note to the police, getting them arrested two weeks later; on May 31, 1786 Rohan is acquitted, the Countess sentenced to be scourged, branded and imprisoned for life, and her hubby sentenced to death in absentia; she later blows, er, escapes from prison and flees to England; even though Marie Antoinette is innocent of any knowledge of the swindle, the numerous porno drawings of her having sex with famous handsome lothario Count Hans Axel von Fersen the Younger (1755-1810) (son of Count Axel von Fersen the Elder), herself and other women that the left has been circulating, combined with her extravagant lifestyle makes everyone think that "Madame Deficit" really did screw the Cardinal to lose his money, and contributes to her becoming "the most hated woman in France".
In 1801 French libertine Donatien Alphonse Francois, Marquis de Sade (1740-1814) is arrested on the orders of Napoleon I for writing the anon. porno books "Justine" and "Juliette", and imprisoned without trial; after being accused of seducing prisoners at Saint-Pelagie prison, he is tranferred to the harsher Bicetre Fortress, is declared insane in 1803 after his family intervenes, and ends up back in the insane asylum in Charenton where he spent 1789-90; after his wife Marie-Constance Quesnet is allowed to live with him there, the dir. Abbe Francois Simonet de Coulmier (1741-1818) lets him stage several of his plays for the public with inmates as actors, but this raises eyebrows, causing de Sade to be put in solitary confinement in 1809, while the plays are shut down in 1813; meanwhile in 1810 after being let out of solitary, the old lecher de Sade begins an affair with 13-y.-o. Madeleine Leclerc, daughter of an asylum employee, and continues training her to be his horsey until his 1814 death.
In 1913 George Loane Tucker's Traffic in Souls (Universal Studios) debuts, about white slavery, filmed on location in Manhattan and Ellis Island, starring Walter Long, shocking the U.S. and resulting in white slavery being added to the list of banned topics under the Hays Code, making Chicago, Ill.-born dir. George Loane Tucker (1880-1921) into the "first of the immortals".
On Jan. 14, 1922 after the Fatty Arbuckle scandal, U.S. postmaster gen. #46 (since ?, 1921) William Harrison "Will" Hays (1879-1954) (known for working with other Repubs. to wreck the League of Nations) resigns to become pres. of the new Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of Am., formed by the "Big Three" studios MGM, First National, and Famous Players-Lasky, taking office on Mar. 6 with a $100K/year salary, helping the film industry's six major Hollywood studios police themselves to forestall govt. censorship, but with no formal code.
In 1923 Polish femme fatale vamp actress Pola Negri (1894-1987) moves to Hollywood, going on to please audiences with her exotic style while privately pleasuring Charles Chaplin, Rudolph Valentino and other actors, getting rich and living in a palace in Los Angeles modelled after the White House; too bad, the advent of talkies exposes her thick Polish accent, and the 1934 Hays Code bans her main moves of "scenes of passion" and "excessive and lustful kissing", killing her career; "They went from Pola to Polaroid" (Negri).
In 1930 after Roman Catholic Jesuit Father Daniel Aloysius Lord (1888-1955) presents it to him, cute, innocent, decent-looking bat-eared former U.S. postmaster gen. (1921-2) and Harding campaign mgr. William Harrison "Will" Hays (1879-1954), head of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of Am. (later the Motion Picture Assoc. of Am.) since 1922 establishes the Motion Picture Production (Hays) Code (Code of Decency) for Hollywood films, which rules for four decades (until 1967), banning nudity, sex acts, or "pointed profanity", along with criticism of religion, law, or letting the bad guy win; "My eyes nearly popped out when I read it - this was the very thing I had been looking for" (Hays); too bad, it doesn't stop Hollyweird from filming what they want, only making them pass a cutting room censorship process that sometimes slips, causing the Roman Catholic Nat. (Catholic) Legion of Decency to be formed in 1933 by Cincinnati archbishop John T. McNicholas to label films as taboo for good Roman Catholics, only making them more popular?; it begins to be enforced seriously in 1934, then abandoned in 1968 in favor of the MPAA Film Rating System - cuminating in Deep Throat?
On Oct. 21, 1932 Ernst Lubitsch's Trouble in Paradise debuts, a romantic comedy from Paramount that slips in before the Production Code and ends up banned in 1935-68, starring Miriam Hopkins as a beautiful pickpocket, and Herbert Marshall as a master thief, who has to decide between her and perfume manufacturer Kay Francis; "Marriage is a beautiful mistake which two people make together"; in 1932-6 Kay Francis (1905-68) becomes a top Warner Bros. star, and one of the highest-paid persons in the U.S. by 1935, co-starring frequently with William Powell, and becoming known as a clothes horse and for her inability to pronounce the letter r ("Wavishing Kay Fwancis"); too bad, she gets too big for her expensive panties and ends up getting shuttled to B-movies (programmers).
On May 27, 1933 Mervyn LeRoy's Gold Diggers of 1933 debuts, about the Broadway musical business struggling during the Depression; yet another Busby Berkeley-choreographed musical, a sequel to 1929's "Gold Diggers of Broadway", based on a play by Avery Hopwood; stars Dick Powell as rich Boston scion Robert Treat Bradford AKA Brad Roberts, who sneaks to New York City to become a songwriter and performer, and Ruby Keeler as his performer babe Polly Parker, who Brad's family thinks is a you know what; Warren William plays Brad's snooty brother J. Lawrence Bradford; Guy Kibbee plays lawyer Faneuil H. "Fanny" Peabody; also stars Ginger Rogers, Joan Blondell, and Aline MacMahon as gold diggers Fay, Carol, and Trixie ("Another look with those bedroom eyes and I'll break your leg"); Ned Sparks plays ever-broke producer Barney Hopkins, producing "Forgotten Melody"; features Billy Barty playing a child who looks up a girl's dress and raises the curtain on naked showgirls, also Powell using a can opener to get Keeler out of an iron maiden, all pissing-off the Catholic Legion of Decency, which ramps up pressure for enforcing the 1930 Production Code, getting it done by next year; the opening features Ginger Rogers introducing the song Were in the Money, by Harry Warren (1893-1981) and Al Dubin in a showy musical with girls dressed up like you know what, singing the chorus in Pig Latin ("We're in the money, we're in the money, we've got a lot of what it takes to get along/ We're in the money, the sky is sunny, Old Man Depression, you are through doing us wrong"); also features the songs Pettin' in the Park, The Shadow Waltz, A Woman's Got To Have A Man, and Remember My Forgotten Man (about the downtrodden men of the Great Depression).
On May 27, 1933 A. Edward Sutherland's International House debuts, set in the Internat. House Hotel in Wuhu, China (200 mi. from Shanghai), starring W.C. Fields as Prof. Henry R. Quail, and Peggy Hopkins Joyce as herself; a W.C. Fields punchline about Joyce sitting on her pussy upsets the Hays Office, which begins censoring films next year.
On July 1, 1933 Alfred E. Green's Baby Face debuts, written by Darryl F. Zanuck, about young woman Lily(Barbara Stanwyck) climbing to the top using her womanly wiles and quoting Nietzsche; it is banned by the New York censorship board, causing Warner Bros. to recall it and cut 5 min. to pass the censors, becoming an excuse to impose the 1934 Hays Code; the full-length version is discovered in 2005 in the nitrate vault of Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio.
On Oct. 21, 1933 Lloyd Bacon's Footlight Parade debuts, starring James Cagney as Chester Kent, who creates live prologues for talkies; also stars Dick Powell as Scotty Blair, and Ruby Keeler as Bea; Busby Berkeley dance routines feature a 20K gal./min waterfall; filmed before the 1934 Hays Code, it has multiple references to prostitution, and features the super-sexy women-are-for-you-know-what number By a Waterfall, staged on a special soundstage constructed by Warner Bros. for Busby Berkeley, one of the largest ever built; "You've laid yourself wide open for a crack, we'll let it go."
In 1933 Paris-born Polish-French painter Balthus (Balthasar Klossowski de Rola) (1908-2001) paints La Toilette (Chambre) de Cathie, and Alice dans le Miroir, introducing his brand of charming obscenity. He follows in 1934 with The Guitar Lesson, showing a teacher with an erotic pre-pubescent girl on her lap, causing controversy with its lezzie implications in his first Paris exhibition, making him a star with men who like to watch.
On Oct. 1, 1953 after raising $8K from 45 investors, incl. $1K from his mother, plus $1K of his own, sexually-starved white hetero sexist Chicago failed cartoonist Hugh Hefner (1926-), inspired by the Betty Grable pinups (really got the idea while working on a kids mag.?) founds Playboy (original name Stag Party) mag. (50 cents) with the first (Dec.) issue featuring a Nude Calendar Pinup of Marilyn Monroe (photographed in 1949); "What did you have on during the photo session?" - "The radio"; initial run: 70K copies; he goes on to evolve his hedonistic women-as-sex-objects-with-no-consequences "Playboy Philosophy", and adds interviews with and contributions by prominent writers John Steinbeck, Ray Bradbury, Kurt Vonnegut Jr., Saul Bellow, et al. in an attempt to help readers justify purchases because "they only want to read the articles"; cause or effect, necklines plunge and big mammaries become in among female U.S. entertainers? On Oct. 12 after circ. falls from 5.6M in 1975 to less than 1M, Playboy mag. announces that it's going to stop pub. photos of nude women.
On June 24, 1957 the U.S. Supreme (Warren) Court rules 5-3 in Roth v. U.S. to reverse the 1868 English case of Regina v. Hicklin (material tending to "deprave and corrupt those whose minds are open to such immoral influences") and define obscenity as material whose "dominant theme taken as a whole appeals to the prurient interest... [to the] average person, applying contemporary community standards"; Justices Hugo Black and William O. Douglas dissent, claiming that the First Amendment protects obscene materials, while John Marshall Harlan II claims that the states have broad power to prosecute obscenity but the federal govt. doesn't; relaxed considerably in Miller v. Calif. (1973).
On June 22, 1964 the U.S. Supreme Court rules 6-3 in Nico Jacobellis v. Ohio that the 1958 French film "The Lovers" (Les Amants) is not obscene, even though obscene films may be regulated by states, with Potter Stewart uttering the soundbyte "I know it when I see it" (followed by "and the motion picture involved in this case is not that"), although he later admits that this isn't a tenable standard..
In 1965 Charles Keating's Perversion for Profit debuts, starring popular Los Angeles reporter George Putnam preaching against porno and homosexuality while chronicling it like a time capsule, becoming a cult hit.
On Dec. 18, 1966 Michelangelo Antonioni's Blow-Up (Blowup) (MGM), based on the 1959 story "The Droolings of the Devil" by Argentine novelist Julio Cortazar (Cortázar) (1914-84), about mod London photographer David Royston Bailey (1938-) and featuring a score by Herbie Hancock stars Vanessa Redgrave as fashion model Jane, and David Hemmings as Thomas, a photographer who takes photos of a couple in Marylon Park in Charlton, SE London, and then does you know what to it to prove it's evidence of murder, raising the issue of photography as voyeurism; does $20M box office on a $1.8M budget, helping to "liberate Hollywood from its puritanical prurience" (Richard Corliss) after the film's success causes the MPAA Production Code to be revised; features a performance of "Stroll On" by the Yardbirds (after Eric Burdon turns it down and The Who are dropped), and a 5-min. photoshoot of leggy German Ford Modeling Agency supermodel Veruschka von Lehndorff (1939-) - how many paid for a ticket thinking they were going to see a beejay?
In 1966 the Motion Picture Assoc. of Jack Valenti quietly drops enforcement of the 1934 Production Code, permitting graphic sex scenes, nudity, sadistic violence and obscene language, which coupled with a slew of depressing films where everybody dies at the end causes a drop in movie audiences of 34% over the next four years, compared to 34% during the TV invasion of 1950-60; in 1962 Bob Hope utters a soundbyte about the rapid removal of sexual censorship in U.S. movies: "Nowadays when a film is awarded the Production Code seal, the producer cries 'Where have we failed?'"
On Aug. 13, 1967 Arthur Penn's Bonnie and Clyde debuts, written by David Newman and Robert Benton, starring producer Warren Beatty (Henry Warren Beaty) (1937-) (brother of Shirley MacLaine) and Dorothy Faye Dunaway (1941-) as 1930s bank robbers Clyde Barrow (1909-34) and Bonnie Parker (1910-34), making Dunaway a dun-deal run-away star while upclassing gangster movies from trashy to art house and making all movies more violent; Bonnie lovingly strokes Clyde's gun, breaking the 1934 Hollywood Production Code; studio head Jack Warner tries in vain to get production blocked because he hates it, after which he retires in 1969; NYT film critic (since 1940) Bosley Crowther (1905-81) trashes it, causing it to be pulled from circulation until Time and Newsweek pub. two rave reviews and it's released again and becomes a hit, after which he is replaced in 1968 by Stefan Kanfer, whose first article reverses Crowther's, launching the era of New Hollywood (Am. New Wave), with a new generation of young filmmakers coming to prominence, producing films incl. "The Graduate" and "Easy Rider", with a new gen. of younger more amoral film critics and film school-educated dirs. all into "Radical Chic", which makes the outlaws into the good guys; "They're young... they're in love... and they kill people"; #4 grossing film of 1967 ($50.7M).
On Oct. 9, 1967 Vilgot Sjoman's I Am Curious (Yellow) debuts, a Swedish porno named after the yellow-blue colors of the Swedish flag, starring Anna Lena Elisabet Nyman (1944-2011) as a sexually active political sociologist who kisses her beau's flaccid penis, pissing-off the prudes, who get it banned in Mass. in 1968, making it a must-see; on Oct. 6, 1969 Jackie Onassis judo-flips a New York news photographer for taking pictures of her leaving a movie house showing it after she and Aristotle Onassis arrived in separate cars; does $27.7M box office; the Mar. 11, 1968 sequel I Am Curious (Blue) is filmed at the same time and was intended to be part of the same film.
On Apr. 22, 1968 the U.S. Supreme Court rules 6-3 in Ginsberg v. New York that although legal for adults, obscene material may be harmful to children, and its marketing may be regulated by the govt.; Justice William O. Douglas dissents, claiming that the First Amendment is absolute, the definition of obscenity is subjective, and there would be no theoretical limit to what groups the govt. can decide to "protect" from viewing it.
On June 17, 1969 Kenneth Peacock Tynan (1927-80) debuts his musical Oh! Calcutta! at the Eden Theater in New York) (1,314 perf.); title taken from a 1946 painting by French artist Clovis Trouille (1889-1975) titled "Oh! Calcutta, Calcutta!", a pun on "Oh quel cul t'as" (Oh what an ass you have); erotic avant-garde theatrical revue about every conceivable erotic fantasy of Western man, with musical lyrics by the Open Door, featuring contributions by Samuel Beckett (1906-89), Jules Feiffer (1929-), Bruce Jay Friedman (1930-), Dan Greenberg, John Lennon (1940-80), Sam Shepard (1943-) et al.; full nudity and blatant sexual content prompt a nat. shaken-and-restirred master debate on censorship; in 1970 the Dave Pell Singers release Oh, Calcutta; in June 1972 the film Oh! Calcutta is released; runs 610 perf., then is revived next year in West End, London (3.9K perf.), and revived again on Broadway on Sept. 24, 1976- Aug. 6, 1989 (5,959 perf.), becoming the 2nd longest-running musical in Broadway history (7th longest by 2012).
On Oct. 24, 1970 Pres. Nixon repudiates the Sept. Report of the U.S. Nat. Commission on Obscenity and Pornography (founded 1967) that porno is not a contributing factor to crime and should be freely available to adults, calling it morally bankrupt, and stirring criticism that he has a cute, er, is biased?; meanwhile Jesuit priest Morton A. Hill (1917-85) calls it a "Magna Carta for pornography", and later gets his day when a 1986 report declares that porno can lead to violence.
On June 11, 1972 Gerard "Jerry" Damiano's Deep Throat debuts, filmed in Miami, Fla., starring Linda Lovelace (Linda Susan Boreman) (1949-2002) as a woman with an unusual birth defect, the kind that allows her to swallow a banana whole and have it tickle her clitoris, and Harry Reems (1947-) as everready Dr. Young, bringing porno into the mainstream and capturing the imagination of millions, who watch her break the taboo and casually seduce several men and suck their big dicks ("like a sword-swallower") and always swallow rather than spit as if it is delicious food, plus not ask for money like a mere ho, but probably ask to pay them; the Bronx, N.Y. debut features celebs Warren Beatty, Sammy Davis Jr., and Truman Capote; too bad when reality sinks in that it's a dirty, dangerous job she later contracts several diseases, undergoes a life-saving liver transplant on Mar. 5-6, 1987, and becomes an anti-porn crusader (too bad that movie sex, unlike violence, can't be easily faked?); made for $25K in mob money, it grosses $600M+, insuring an unstoppable porno explosion into the Internet Age (until ?); the Nixon White House tries to get the filmmakers, the actors, and the theaters showing it prosecuted, and in 1973 a N.Y. court judge rules it "indisputably and irredemably obscene", which only makes it more popular?
On Dec. 17, 1972 The Mitchell Brothers' Behind the Green Door debuts, starring white former Ivory soap-box mother and Cybill Shepherd lookalike ("99 and and 44/100% pure") Marilyn Chambers (Marilyn Ann Taylor/Briggs) (1952-2009) as a woman who is kidnapped and taken to an orgy, where she shocks audiences by getting it on with well-endowed black buck Johnny Keyes (1948-) for 45 min., after which she faints; dir. by Jim Mitchell (1944-2007) and Artie Mitchell (1945-91); a porno breakthrough, costing $60K and grossing over $30M; "The only art in this business is my brother Art" (Jim); in 1991 Jim shoots and kills Artie while allegedly trying to persuade him to stop drinking, and serves three years in priz.
Miller tastes better and is less filling? On June 21, 1973 the U.S. Supreme Court rules 5-4 in Miller v. California that states may ban materials found to be obscene according to local standards, which becomes known as the Miller (3-Prong) Obscenity Test, incl. the requirement that it appeal to the prurient interest according to community standards, that it depicts or describes sexual conduct or excretory functions in a patently offensive way as defined by state law, and that the work taken as a whole lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value (SLAPS Test) to the U.S. as a whole; on June 21, 1973 the U.S. Supreme Court rules 5-4 in Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton that a state can ban the showing of obscene films in movie theaters; dissenters incl. Justices William O. Douglas, William J. Brennan Jr., Potter Stewart, and Thurgood Marshall.
On June 23, 1989 the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously rules in Sable Communications of Calif. vs. FCC that Congress had gone too far in passing a law banning all sexually-oriented phone message services AKA dial-a-porn, drawing a distinction between indecent and obscene speech, with only the latter not being protected; it also recognizes a govt. need to protect children from speech that could be obscene to minors even if not to adults.
On Apr. 18, 1990 the U.S. Screwpreme Court rules 6-3 in Osborne v. Ohio that states may make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in the privacy of one's home, regardless of the First Amendment - the Christian Right sees an opportunity using children to 'get' adults who don't go with their moral views?
In 1990 the U.S. govt.-run Arpanet is decommissioned, and the Internet takes over and goes commercial, immediately being swamped with porno Web sites, which make big bucks while driving millions of men crazy and ruining marriages and families?; Archie becomes the first Web search engine, followed next year by Veronica and Jughead; by the late 1990s San Fernando Valley N of the Hollywood Hills in Calif. becomes San Pornando Valley as the porno industry moves in bigtime, generating billions in sales each year (until ?). "Business-to-business publication" PC Magazine reviews Microsoft Windows 3.0 in its July issue, calling it "dazzling" and "the best implementation of a graphical environment for PC users available anywhere", and gives Microsoft Word for Windows an "Editor's Choice" designation among graphical word processors.
On June 12, 1996 free speech advocates score a big V when a panel of three federal judges declares major portions of the U.S. Communications Indecency Act indecent, er, unconstitutional, and block enforcement of the law; the Internet is now safe for smut, and the all-out attack on the missionary, er, traditional hetero male-female parented family is on?
Beat it? On June 26, 1997 the U.S. Supreme Court rules unanimously in Reno v. Am. Civil Liberties Union to strike down all of the anti-indecency provisions of the 1996 U.S. Communications Decency Act (CDA) as violating the First Amendment, with Justice John Paul Stevens writing the soundbyte: "We are persuaded that the CDA lacks the precision that the First Amendment requires when a statute regulates the content of speech. In order to deny minors access to potentially harmful speech, the CDA effectively suppresses a large amount of speech that adults have a constitutional right to receive and to address to one another. That burden on adult speech is unacceptable if less restrictive alternatives would be at least as effective in achieving the legitimate purpose that the statute was enacted to serve... It is true that we have repeatedly recognized the governmental interest in protecting children from harmful materials. But that interest does not justify an unnecessarily broad suppression of speech addressed to adults. As we have explained, the Government may not "reduc[e] the adult population... to... only what is fit for children."
In 1997 the Dot-Com Boom and Bust (Bubble) begins, with new Internet cos. sprouting up and floating stock on little more than a Web site and an angle (ends Mar. 10, 2000); despite big bucks invested by dopes, a string of spectacular dot-com flops results, incl. eToys.com, MVP.com (sporting goods), and Go.com (Disney); meanwhile the phenomenal growth of the World Wide Web leads to domain name speculation and instant wealth without needing big investment just by selecting a likely name, e.g., sex.com (sold for $13M in 2010), xxx.com, pussy.com, 69.com, horny.com, whitehouse.com, beer.com, pizza.com, and roses.com.
On June 16, 2004 Pornucopia debuts on HBO for six episodes as a spinoff of "Real Sex", about the Calif. porno industry.
On Apr. 17, 2011 the XXX porno-filled medieval fantasy series Game of Thrones, based on George R.R. Martin's "A Song of Ice and Fire" novel series debuts on HBO (until )?, set in the Seven Kingdoms of Westeros, about noble families who vie for control of the Iron Throne, starring Sean Bean as Lord Eddard "Ned" Stark, Peter Dinklage as dwarf Tyrion Lannister, Aiden Gillen as Littlefinger, and Diana Rigg as Olenna Tyrell.