TLW's San Franciscoscope™ (San Francisco Historyscope)
By T.L. Winslow (TLW), the Historyscoper™
© Copyright by T.L. Winslow. All Rights Reserved.
Original Pub. Date: June 17, 2017. Last Update: Feb. 1, 2019.
Westerners are not only known as history ignoramuses, but double dumbass history ignoramuses when it comes to San Francisco and San Francisco history. Since I'm the one-and-only Historyscoper (tm), let me quickly bring you up to speed before you dive into my Master Historyscope.
The Chinese call San Francisco and the surrounding arrea all the way to British Columbia Gold Mountain, or Old Gold Mountain after gold was discovered in Melbourne, Australia.
In Mar. 1776 Spanish Capt. Juan Bautista de Anza Bezerra Nieto (1736-88), Lt. Jose Joaquin de la Santisima Trinidad Moraga (1741-85), and Franciscan priest Friar Pedro Font (1737-81) arrive at the tip of San Francisco, and De Anza plants a cross at what is now Ft. Point, becoming the start of the city of San Francisco, Calif. (named after St. Francis of Assisi) (modern pop. 8.7M/870K). Meanwhile, on the other side of the North American continent? On June 17 Lt. Jose Joaquin Moraga leads a band of colonists from Monterey Presidio 125 mi. NW to San Francisco, and on Sept. 17 they found the Presidio of Yerba Buena (Sp. "good herb") (later the Presidio of San Francisco); on Oct. 9 a group of Spanish Franciscan missionaries arrives led by Father Junipero Serra's companion Father Francisco Palou (1722-90) and founds Mission San Francisco de Asis (Dolores) (#6 of 21).
In 1791 Mission Santa Cruz is founded on the N edge of Monterey Bay in Calif. 75 mi. S of modern-day San Francisco by missionary priest Juan Crespi; in 1797 Villa de Branciforte is founded by the Spanish colonial govt. of Alta Calif. on the E bluff of the San Lorenzo River facing the mission on the other side; in 1866 the city of Santa Cruz, Calif. (modern-day pop. 64K/262K) is incorporated, and chartered in Apr. 1876; in 1905 Branciforte is annexed; in the 20th cent. it calls itself "Surf City", becoming a center of progressive liberal activism.
In 1815 Jewish immigration to the U.S. from Europe, particularly Germany begins to increase greatly; Cincinnati (later ironically called Porkopolis) and San Francisco start becoming flourishing Jewish centers.
Make a run for the border? On Jan. 2, 1848 after the All Mexico idea of annexing Mexico by force is toyed with and dumped (making Pres. Polk reluctant to sign a treaty with Mexico yet), with S.C. Sen. John C. Calhoun uttering the soundbyte: "[W]e have never dreamt of incorporating into our Union any but the Caucasian race - the free white race. To incorporate Mexico would be the very first instance of the kind of incorporating an Indian race; for more than half of the Mexicans are Indians, and the other is composed chiefly of mixed tribes", and John O'Sullivan uttering the soundbyte: "There is no growth in Hispanic America... How would it kick the beam against the simple, solid weight of the two hundred and fifty, or three hundred millions - and American millions - destined to gather beneath the flutter of the stripes and stars, in the fast hastening year of the Lord 1945?", formal peace talks between the proud WASP U.S. and defeated BHRC (Brown Hispanic Roman Catholic) Mexico begin at the village of Guadalupe Hidalgo outside Mexico City, where what's left of the Mexican govt. is holed-up, trapped like brown rats by white wolves?; on Feb. 2 after Nicholas P. Trist engages them in brinksmanship, down-on-its-knees Mexico signs the grossly 1-sided dirty-deal Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ceding all of Texas above the Rio Grande, plus New Mexico and Calif. (incl. the Nevada region), a total of 529,189 sq. mi. (half of all Mexican territory, incl. the modern states of Calif., Nevada, Utah, and parts of modern Ariz., N.M., Colo., and Wyo.) (the old Aztec homeland of Aztlan?), giving the U.S. a new Am. Southwest and making it a continental power, with a 1,952-mi. 4-state (Texas, N.M., Ariz., Calif.) border with Mexico, while making "reconquista" a perennial Mexican cause, and becoming the first time that the lily-white U.S. actually doesn't want to absorb a people or steal all of their land, preferring to create a border with them racial underclassers safely on the other side, all nicely color-coded for inferiority or separated by language, religion and culture, or both; the rev.-free U.S. has completed its transformation from a cute little agrarian repub. into a continental giant; in return for the land grab the U.S. agrees to pay Mexico $15M ($300M in 2009 dollars, about enough to buy a major league sports team) and assume the claims of U.S. citizens against Mexico up to a $3.75M limit; the treaty is signed days before news of the Calif. gold strike is received; white supremacist gringo (Anglo) disdain for "inferior" Mexicans is firmly implanted, while the continental U.S. is pretty much rounded out (modulo the Gadsden Purchase in 1853); the messy town of Mesilla on the Camino Real N of El Paso is designated as the border of Mexico, causing native Mexicans on the E side of the Rio Grande River to settle there, but they have to move again in 1854 after the Gadsden Purchase gives it to the U.S.; the El Camino Real becomes an extension of the Santa Fe Trail from Mo., and the gringos begin calling it the Chihuahua Trail; Pres. Polk is actually miffed at the terms, since he is eyeing the growing movement that wants to annex all of Mexico, but his fear of Congress' shenanigans causes him to submit the treaty to them, and they ratify it on Mar. 10, ending the Mexican-Am. War (begun 1846); the last Americans leave Veracruz by the end of July, bringing back with them a new taste for cigars (and Mexican senoritas?), although chewing tobacco is still preferred in the South; the Mexican War costs the U.S. 1,721 KIA, 4,102 wounded, and 11,155 dead of disease (total 13,283), at a total cost of $98M; the first successful offensive U.S. war is also the first reported by modern war correspondents, and the first in which West Point graduates play a major role (Robert E. Lee, U.S. Grant, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, George B. McClellan, George Pickett, George Meade, Braxton Bragg, et al.); "There will be added to the United States an immense empire, the value of which twenty years hence it would be difficult to calculate" (Polk); "Alas, poor Mexico, so far from God and so close to the United States!" (Mexican pres. Porfirio Diaz).
Eureka, greedy gringos go for the gold in somebody else's territory, haha, their territory? On Jan. 24, 1848 (Wed.) a gold nugget is discovered by Sutter's partner James Wilson Marshall (1810-85) in the tailrace of Sutter's Mill (Sawmill) in Coloma on the Trinity River in the foothills of the Sierras in N Calif. 50 mi. NE of Sutter's Fort on the South Fork of the American River, launching the Calif. Gold Rush (ends 1855) (300K rush in, 100K+ stay, 28.4M troy oz. of gold at $18.89 an oz. worth $536M by 1859) after a publicity stunt is staged by Sutter's Fort store owner Samuel Brannan (1819-89), a Mormon elder hoping to make a fortune outfitting gold seekers in San Francisco, causing most of the town's 800 residents to head for the gold fields within a few days; Brannan becomes the first millionaire of the gold rush; on Aug. 19 the New York Herald reports the discovery, turning on the 500K pop. crowded in too small a space and plagued by horse manure, wild dogs and pigs, and drunks from cheap whiskey; several lucky early miners make sizeable fortunes fast and easy, the news feeding "gold fever"; in Aug. Sutter's son John Augustus Sutter Jr. (1826-97) arrives to help save the claim from squatters and thieves, in vain, causing Sutter Jr. in Dec. to begin laying out the city of Sacramento, Calif. 2 mi. S of New Helvetia on the Sacramento River (modern-day pop. 490K/2.4M), incorporating on Feb. 27, 1850 (oldest incorporated city in Calif.), which becomes an overnight success, causing the father to grow bitter at the son; it is chartered as a city in 1920; on Dec. 5 Pres. Polk confirms the discovery in his Fourth Annual Message, complete with an oyster tin full of gold, starting a nationwide and later a worldwide stampede known as the Forty-Niners, ruining Sutter's land grant with claim jumping, while gold fever is further pumped up by newspaper stories about gold nuggets lining the streets and gold dust so easy to harvest that one could coat oneself with sticky stuff and roll down a hill to collect it; others see the easy riches as proof that the Am. West is God's promised land for whites, and that the U.S. was meant to have Calif. not Indians and beaners; the mining puts mercury in San Francisco Bay, which ends up in fish.
On Feb. 2, 1848 the first Chinese immigrants to the former Spanish mission (founded June 29, 1776) of San Francisco in Calif. (modern pop. 870K/8.7M) arrive in the Eagle one week after the Calif. Gold Rush starts, adding to the seven already there; the city's pop. grows from 1K in 1848 to 25K in Dec. 1849; the city is incorporated on Apr. 15, 1850.
The original sex, drugs and rock & roll in San Francisco? On Feb. 28, 1849 the California Gold Rush begins as the ship SS California arrives in San Francisco Bay, Calif. carrying the first boatload of 365 (called the Argonauts) of 80K white gold-seeking Forty-Niners gold prospectors; Stephen Foster sells the rights to "Oh! Susanna" for $100 to be their theme song?; "I have seen purer liquors, better seegers, finer tobacco, truer guns and pistols, larger dirks and bowie knives, and prettier courtesans here in San Francisco than in any place I have ever visited, and it is my unbiased opinion that California can and does furnish the best bad things that are obtainable in America" - anon.; Pretty Juanita becomes the first person hung in the mining camps; U.S. mint official Matthew F. Stephenson stands on the courthouse steps in Dahlonega, Ga. haranguing miners to stay and mine Georgia gold rather than leave for California, pointing to a nearby peak, and exclaiming, "There's millions in it!"; Mark Twain paraphrases him, writing the immortal line, "There's gold in them thar hills!"; aptly-named Ah Toy (1828-1928) becomes the 2nd Chinese woman to arrive in San Francisco, setting up a brothel in an alley off Clay St., where the fact that she's tall and has lily-bound feet causes block-long lines of horny white men after each ship docks; a man later sends a letter from Hong Kong claiming that she's his wife and requesting her return, but she goes to court and a judge grants her leave to stay; she then returns to court to complain of customers paying the 1 oz. fee with brass filings instead of gold, pointing out several in the audience as culprits, but the judge rules insufficient evidence when she can't explain what the services rendered are, giving the lame explanation "to gaze on the lovely Ah Toy"; within a year she imports five additional Chinese "soiled doves" and moves to a fancier house on Pike St. just off Clay St., then disappears in 1859; in 1926 an obituary in a San Fran newspaper says that she married a wealthy Chinese man and vended clams at Alviso; the San Francisco 49er Egg Rush sees 49ers brave the dangerous shark-infested waters around the Farallon Islands 28 mi. offshore to collect seabird eggs; meanwhile U.S. gen. Bennett C. Riley (1787-1853) (leader of the first military escort along the Santa Fe Trail in 1829) becomes the 7th and last military gov. of Calif. Territory prior to statehood - where he meets up with Zorro?
In Sept. 1849 Telegraph Hill in San Francisco, Calif. is set up in on one of Frisco's Seven Hills, and named for a semaphore.
Starting in 1849 San Francisco, Calif. becomes the primo building site for 48K Painted Ladies, designed in the Victorian style until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, then changing to the Edwardian style until 1915, when war surplus battleship gray Navy paint is used; Postcard Row at 710-720 Stiner St. across from Alamo Square is built in 1892-6; the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake wipes out most of the mansions on Nob Hill, after which mass-produced houses replace them; "Red, yellow, chocolate, orange, everything that is loud is in fashion... if the upper stories are not of red or blue... they are painted up into uncouth panels of yellow and brown."
In 1851 The Golden Hills News, the first Asian-Am. newspaper begins pub. in San Francisco, Calif.
In 1851 the city of Oakland, Calif. on the E side of San Francisco Bay (modern-day pop. 420K) is founded by Galway, N.Y.-born Horace Walpole Carpentier (1824-1918), Edson Adams, and Andrew Moon; it is is incorporated on May 4, 1852, and reincorporated on Mar. 25, 1854, with Carpenter as mayor #1 (until Mar. 8, 1855).
On Apr. 3, 1854 the San Francisco (Old) U.S. Mint AKA the Granite Lady in Calif. opens; in 1874 it moves to accommodate gold miners; it survives the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and is closed in 1937.
On Apr. 14, 1858 after Calif. Bill 339 is introduced restricting immigration and residents of blacks in Calif and making it illegal to bring a slave into Calif. for the purpose of freeing him/her, the black community of San Francisco, Calif. holds a meeting in which Jeremiah Nagle, a landowner in the British colony of Vancouver Island and captain of the steamship Commodore which was making regular voyages between San Francisco and Victoria tells them about gold having been discovered in the Fraser River, and signs-up 35 blacks to go with him; by summer hundreds more follow.
In 1860 Gump's Store is founded in San Francisco, Calif. for Silver Rush winners, specializing in fancy gilded mirrors; "Gump's is everything you want and nothing you need"; it is located across the street from Morton's Alley (later called Maiden Lane), heart of the brothel district, where hundreds of 6.5' x 4.75' rooms turn over 80-100 johns a night each - honey, look what I just bought you?
On June 12, 1865 the San Francisco Examiner in San Francisco, Calif. begins pub. as "The Daily Examiner", founded in rip-roaring get-rich-quick Calif. by brothers Michael H. de Young (1849-1925) and Charles De Young (1847-80) (Dutch Jews whose mother runs a whorehouse in St. Louis?) after borrowing a $20 gold piece from their landlord to pub. a theater program sheet; in 1880 Charles is shot and killed by Milton Kalloch, son of Baptist minister Isaac Smith Kalloch (1831-87) to get even for shooting his daddy for preaching against their whorehouse connections, and is elected mayor while recuperating; later Michael is shot by Adolph B. Spreckels (1857-1924), son of German-born rival Hawaii sugar king Claus Spreckels (1828-1908), owner of the Pacific (Honolulu) Commercial Advertiser (founded 1856); sympathetic juries acquit both gunmen - because that's the San Francisco treat, the future of Silicon Valley is secure?
In 1866 part-black-but-passes Mary Ellen Pleasant (1814-1904), who claims to be the child of a voodoo priestess and John Hampden Pleasants (1797-1846), youngest son of Va. gov. #22 James Pleasants Jr. becomes the "Calif. Mother of Civil Rights" when she fights for equal rights for blacks on San Francisco trams.
In July 1867 the Overland Monthly is founded in San Francisco, Calif., with Albany, N.Y.-born Francis Bret Harte (1836-1902) as ed., allowing him to pub. his kick-ass short stories of the Am. West, incl. The Luck of Roaring Camp, The Outcasts of Poker Flat, Miggles, Brown of Calaveras, and his comic poem Plain Language from Truthful James (The Heathen Chinese).
In 1867 the port city of Redwood City, Calif. on San Francisco Bay 27 mi. S of San Francisco and 24 mi NW of San Jose (modern-day pop. 84K) is incorporated, becoming the county seat of San Mateo County in 1866, and the only deepwater port on San Francisco Bay S of San Francisco.
In 1883 the Arctic Oil Works is founded in San Francisco, Calif., turning it into the main whaling port on the West Coast of the U.S.
On May 28, 1892 Dunbar, Scotland-born Am. conservationist ("John of the Mountains") ("the Father of Nat. Parks") John Muir (1838-1914) and a group of professors from UCB and Stanford U. found the Sierra Club in a 14-room mansion in San Francisco, Calif. to protect the Sierra Nevada, with Muir as pres. #1 (until Dec. 24, 1914), going on to get federal protection for the Yosemite Valley and get Glacier Nat. Park and Mount Rainier Nat. Park established.
In 1896 San Francisco, Calif.-born William Randolph Hearst (1863-1951), owner (since 1887) of the San Francisco Examiner buys the failing New York Morning Journal, hiring top writers incl. Stephen Crane and Julian Hawthorne and starting into a circulation war with Joseph Pulitzer, stealing his Sunday staff along with color comics inventor Richard F. Outcault, and engaging in yellow journalism to boost circ., becoming the only major Eastern newspaper to support William Jennings Bryan and his Bimetallism this year.
In 1896 the Anchor Brewing Co. is founded in San Francisco, Calif. by Ernst F. Baruth and his son-in-law Otto Schinkel Jr. to produce steam beer (Calif. common beer), which has been fermented sans refrigeration ever since the 1849 Calif. Gold Rush; in 1906 the brewery burns down after the Great San Francisco Earthquake, and is rebuilt in 1907; after reopening in 1933 it burns down again, and is rebuilt again; in 1965 it is saved from bankruptcy by Frederick Louis "Fritz" Maytag III (1937-), great-grandson of Maytag Corp. founder Frederick Louis Maytag, who returns it to its original brewing method, then helps competitors learn microbrewing technology to keep his brewery from having to get too big and lower the quality; in 1981 they trademark the term Steam Beer.
On Jan. 27, 1905 the 1905 U.S. Senate election reelects Ind. Rep. Sen. (since 1899) Albert Jeremiah Beveridge (1862-1927), who turns reformer, backing overseas imperialism, nat. child labor regulation, and the 1906 U.S. Federal Meat Inspection Act, breaking ranks with Pres. Taft over the Payne-Aldrich Tariff; after losing his seat in the 1910 election, he joins the short-lived Progressive "Bull Moose" Party of Theodore Roosevelt in 1912, ruining his career; despite a reform candidate running against him, his popularity with the working man causes corrupt San Francisco, Calif. mayor #26 (since Jan. 8, 1902) Eugene Edward "Handsome Gene" Schmitz (1864-1928), puppet of city boss Abraham "Abe" Ruef (1864-1936) to be reelected (until July 8, 1907), just in time for a big earthquake, which destroys Ruef's real estate empire and leaves them both open to prosecution. In 1908 San Francisco, Calif. district atty. Hiram Warren Johnson (1866-1945) prosecutes erudite brainy Jewish political boss Abraham "Abe" Ruef (1864-1936), securing convictions on bribery and corruption charges, and parlaying it into election as gov. of Calif. in 1910 (until 1917), where he fights the Southern Pacific Railroad machine.
What in Sam Hill? Millennium Feverists get a godsend in Fawlty Towers California? On Apr. 18, 1906 (5:12 a.m.) the 7.8 1-min. 8.25 North Am. Plate 1906 (Great) San Francisco Earthquake in Calif., centered in San Francisco, located on the 600-mi. San Andreas Fault Zone lays 490 city blocks waste, demolishes 25K bldgs., and breaks gas mains and power lines, causing four days of fire and $400M in property damage; 3K-6K are killed and 250K left homeless; the board of supervisors whitewashes it, pegging the official death toll at 478 for decades; Lotta's Fountain (donated in 1875 by dancer Lotta Crabtree) at Market, Geary and Kearny Sts. in downtown is used as a meeting point for survivors trying to locate family and friends; the new (1904) Westin St. Francis Hotel survives, and offers 10 survivors a free room for the night; their breakfast menu is chilled rhubarb, rice griddle cakes, southern hominy, and scrambled eggs; the newly-formed Pentecostal Church sees it as a sign of the End of Times, causing its ranks to swell with don't-let-freezer-burn-happen-to-your-family true believers pretending another quake is coming and rolling around on the floor; Los Angeles overtakes San Fran as the city of choice for Calif. newcomers; as it is rebuild the famously crooked Lombard St. winds down Russian Hill; Pacific Heights becomes home to classic Victorian homes; 710 Ashbury St. at its intersection with Haight St. later becomes home to the Grateful Dead; the S turntable for cable cars is at Market and Powell Sts.
In 1913 the Ghadar ("Mutiny") Party is founded in San Francisco, Calif. by expatriate Indian Sikhs and Hindu Pujabis in the U.S. and Canada to secure India's independence from British rule by military means; after WWI it splits into Communist and anti-Communist factions before being dissolved in 1948.
On Feb. 20-Dec. 4, 1915 the Panama-Pacific Internat. Exposition is held in San Francisco, Calif.; Audrey Munson (1891-1996) is chosen by Alexander Stirling Calder as the exposition's model; the ukelele is featured, causing a craze which lasts through the 1920s and helps accelerate Hawaiian statehood; the Internat. New Thought Alliance (INTA) is held in conjunction with the fair, impressing the organizers so much that they present leader Annie Rix Militz (1856-1924) with a special commemorative bronze medal on a special New Thought Day. After attending an INTA meeting in London in 1914, Irish-born Emmet Fox (1886-1951) emigrates to the U.S., and in 1931 becomes minister of the Divine Science Church of the Healing Christ in New York City, holding weekly services for up to 5.5K; in 1938 he pub. the bestseller The Sermon on the Mount: The Key to Success in Life, which becomes a hit with Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).
On July 22, 1916 a bomb is thrown into the Preparedness Day Parade in San Francisco, Calif. near the Stock Exchange, killing nine and injuring 40, becoming the worst attack in San Francisco history (until ?); four labor leaders, incl. anti-war activist Thomas Joseph "Tom" Mooney (1882-1942) and Warren Knox Billings (1893-1972) are arrested, and Mooney is sentenced to death next Feb. in a sham trial, being hailed as an internat. labor martyr; in 1918 after a telegram from Pres. Woodrow Wilson to review his case, Calif. gov. #24 (1917-23) William Stephens (definitely not Ahnuld?) commutes both sentences to life, and in 1939 Mooney is pardoned and released; Billings is released in 1939, and pardoned in 1969 by Calif. gov. Edmund G. Brown.
In 1924 Jewish-Am. banker-philanthropist Herbert Fleishhacker (1872-1957) begins the Fleishhacker Pool in San Francisco, Calif. (finished in 1925), becoming the world's largest outdoor saltwater swimming pool (closes 1971).
On Nov. 15, 1932 San Francisco, Calif.-based Group f/64, consisting of photographers Ansel Easton Adams (1902-84), Imogen Cunningham (1883-1976), John Paul Edwards (1884-1968), Sonya Noskowiak (1900-75), Henry Swift (1891-1962), Willard Van Dyke (1906-86), and Edward Weston (1886-1958) gives their first exhibition at the M.H. de Young Memorial Museum in San Francisco, Calif., displaying their devotion to straight photography and rejection of pictorialism, with the soundbyte: "The name of this Group is derived from a diaphragm number of the photographic lens. It signifies to a large extent the qualities of clearness and definition of the photographic image which is an important element in the work of members of this Group. The chief object of the Group is to present in frequent shows what it considers the best contemporary photography of the West; in addition to the showing of the work of its members, it will include prints from other photographers who evidence tendencies in their work similar to that of the Group"; photos in the exhibition incl. "Photograph of a succulent plant" by Cunningham (1920).
On May 27, 1937 (Thur.) after it is finished on Apr. 19, the orange vermilion-painted Calif. Golden Gate Bridge in the 3 mi. x 1 mi. Golden Gate Strait in San Francisco Bay, connecting San Francisco and Marin County (begun 1932) opens to foot traffic; Donald Bryan (a sprinter from San Francisco Junior College) becomes the first person to cross it; on May 28 Pres. Roosevelt pushes a button in Washington, D.C. signalling that vehicular traffic is free to cross; between 1937-2006 about 1.2K people (one every couple of weeks) jump off over the 4 ft. safety railing and die, traveling 25 stories in 4 sec. and hitting the water at 75 mph.
On Aug. 10, 1946 Francis V. Keesling (1908-1997), a Washington lobbyist for the city of San Francisco, Calif. successfully gets Congress to pass a bill allowing Chinese male citizens living in the U.S. to bring over their wives - as long as they're shopping sluts?
In 1949 the San Francisco Renaissance in Calif. causes Alan Watts to be invited along with Bengali-born Sri Aurobindo disciple Haridas Chaudhuri (1913-75) by Stanford U. religion prof. Frederic Spiegelberg (1897-1994), and in 1951 they found the Am. Academy of Asian Studies (AAAS). In 1953 City Lights Bookstore (named after the 1931 Charles Chaplin film) at 261 Columbus Ave. in San Francisco, Calif. is founded by unwholesome-but-not-exiled bearded Yonkers, N.Y.-born poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti (1919-) and Peter D. Martin as the first all-paperback bookstore in the U.S., and it becomes home to the growing anti-materialist nonviolent anti-establishment Beat Generation of poets (they had grappled with affluence and lost and were consequently beat by the system, or just liked jazz beats, or like to beat their meat?), which went along with the Beatnik Movement, which began in Los Angeles' Venice West; males like beards, khaki trousers, and sandals; females like tousled hair, black leotards, and thick "raccoon" makeup around their eyes; Jean-Louis "Jack" Kerouac (1922-69), (Irwin) Allen Ginsberg (1926-97), and William Seward Burroughs II (1914-97) become the Beat Trinity, producing benzedrine-fueled speed-rap "bop kaballa"; Times Square bi con artist and junkie Herbert Huncke (1915-96), AKA "the Mayor of 42nd St." gives the Beats their name. In 1968 Chaudhuri founds the Calif. Inst. of Integral Studies in San Francisco, which expands to enroll 1.4K students annually; too bad, after earning accreditation for the Doctor of Psychology degree from the Am. Psychological Assoc. (APA) in 2003, it is revoked in 2011. Integral Psychology is defined as "a psychological system concerned with exploring and understanding the totality of the human phenomenon....(which) at its breadth, covers the entire body-mind-psyche-spirit spectrum, while at its depth... encompasses the previously explored unconscious and the conscious dimensions of the psyche, as well as the supra-conscious dimension traditionally excluded from psychological inquiry" (Bahman Shirazi).
On Sept. 20-26, 1950 a U.S. Navy ship releases microbes into the air off the coast of San Francisco, Calif. in a secret biological weapons test.
In 1950 the Hungry I (hungry i) nightclub at 599 Jackson St. opens on the ground floor of the Internat. Hotel in North Beach San Francisco, Calif., founded by 6'7" Krefeld, Germany-born hipster Eric "Big Daddy" Nord (Harry Helmuth Pastor) (1919-89), soon being purchased by impresario Harry Charles "Enrico" Banducci (1922-2007), moving to 546 Broadway, becoming famous for its brick wall stage, becoming the launching pad for acts incl. Bill Cosby, Ronnie Schell, The Kingston Trio, Glenn Yarborough, Prof. Irwin Corey, Godfrey Cambridge, Mort Sahl, We Five, the Mamas and the Papas, Laura Nyro, and Barbra Streisand.
Early in the 1950s the San Francisco Renaissance in poetry and the arts in Calif. is launched by modernist poet Kenneth Rexroth (1905-82) et al. Auschwitz survivor Karel Ancerl (1908-73) becomes conductor of the Czech Philharmonic on Oct. 20 (until 1968). Spanish soprano Pilar Lorengar (1929-96) makes her debut in Oran, Algeria as Maruxa, then begins working for the Berlin Opera in 1958, staying on for 30 years.
On Sept. 8, 1951 occupied Japan signs the Treaty of San Francisco with the U.S. and 47 other countries (except the Soviet Union and China, who boycott the conference), ending the War of the Pacific and giving up all its overseas territory incl. Taiwan, but levying no reparations and permitting defensive rearmament; the treaty contains the soundbyte: "The Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation, and the threat and use of force as a means of settling international disputes"; on Sept. 8 the U.S. and Japan sign a mutual security treaty in which Japan grants the U.S. the right to maintain military bases on its soil indefinitely and to assist U.N. action in E Asia, while prohibiting Japan from allowing any other nations to have bases on its soil; on Sept. 4 the first live transcontinental broadcast begins from the peace treaty conference, while NBC-TV extends to 61 stations to go coast-to-coast.
On Mar. 25, 1952 Christopher Michael Langan (1952-) is born in San Francisco, Calif., becoming known as "the smartest man in America/world" for his approx. 200 IQ, finding public school boring and dropping out of Mont. State U. while engaging in weightlifting to fight off his stepfather Jack and school bullies before moving in 2004 to N Mo. to operate a horse ranch and calculate the equation of the Universe, going on to develop the Cognitive-Theoretic Model of the Universe (CTMU), which claims that reality is a self-processing self-referential language embodying a dual aspect monism and consisting of infocognition that resides in syntactic operators within reality, uttering the soundbyte "You cannot describe the universe completely with any accuracy unless you're willing to admit that it's both physical and mental in nature", and claiming that the CTMU "explains the connection between mind and reality, therefore the presence of cognition and universe in the same phrase"; the theory is moose hockey masturbating with words?; "In the Cognitive-Theoretic Model of the Universe or CTMU, the set of all sets, and the real universe to which it corresponds, take the name (SCSPL) of the required extension of set theory. SCSPL, which stands for Self-Configuring Self-Processing Language, is just a totally intrinsic, i.e. completely self-contained, language that is comprehensively and coherently (self-distributively) self-descriptive, and can thus be model-theoretically identified as its own universe or referent domain."
In 1953 City Lights Bookstore (named after the 1931 Charlie Chaplin film City Lights) at 261 Columbus Ave. in San Francisco, Calif. is founded by unwholesome-but-not-exiled bearded New York-born poet Lawrence Monsanto Ferlinghetti (1919-) and Peter D. Martin as the first all-paperback bookstore in the U.S., and it becomes home to the growing anti-materialist nonviolent anti-establishment Beatnik Movement (AKA the Beat Generation) (they have grappled with affluence and lost, and are consequently beat?), which begins in Los Angeles' Venice West; males liked beards, khaki trousers, and sandals; females liked tousled hair, black leotards, and thick "raccoon" makeup around their eyes; Jean-Louis "Jack" Kerouac (1922-69), (Irwin) Allen Ginsberg (1926-97), and William Seward Burroughs II (1914-97) becomes the Beat Trinity, producing benzedrine-fueled speed-rap "bop kaballa"; Times Square bi con artist and junkie Herbert Huncke (1915-96), AKA "the Mayor of 42nd St." give the Beats their name.
In Dec. 1954 Am. gay "Jewish Buddhist" poet Allen Ginsberg (1926-97) meets poet-model Peter Orlovsky (1933-) in San Francisco, Calif., and they become lifetime lovers; Ginsberg undergoes a year of psychotherapy this year and next, and ditches his career as a fledgling market research consultant, producing his poem "Howl!" in a nonstop frenzy.
On Oct. 7, 1955 the Six Gallery Reading, AKA Six Angels in the Same Performance at the Six Gallery at 3119 Fillmore St. in San Francisco, Calif., organized by gay poets Irwin Allen Ginsberg (1926-97) and Jack Spicer (1925-65) brings the East and West Coast factions of the Beat Generation for his first public reading of "Howl", the audience chipping in to buy jugs of wine first, poets incl. Philip Lamantia, Michael McClure, Gary Snyder, and Philp Whalen; old fart poet Kenneth Rexroth introduces them; Jack Kerouac shows up drunk, cheering the other poets on; the next day Lawrence Ferlinghetti telegrams Ginsberg offering to pub. his work; UCB student Ann Charters first meets Kerouac, going on to pub. his bio. "Kerouac" in 1973.
In 1955 the Daughters of Bilitis, the first lesbian org. opens in San Francisco, Calif.; homosexual relations between women are illegal in all U.S. states, but they face that problem and lick it in the closet?
On Sept. 24, 1957 (Tue.) the Western series The Californians debuts on NBC-TV for 54 episodes (until May 26, 1959), set in 1850s San Francisco, Calif., starring Adam Kennedy (1922-97) as Irish newspaperman Dion Patrick, who helps the local vigilante committee fight the unruly Forty-Niner miners.
On July 9, 1959 the Harlem Globetrotters visit the Lenin Central Stadium in Moscow for the first of nine exhibition games against the Chinese Basketeers of San Francisco with a total attendance of 135K, receiving $4K each for each game; they are greeted before the first game by Nikita Khrushchev, who met them earlier on their sightseeing tour of Moscow, posing for pictures; the program incl. seven vaudeville acts incl. bicyclist Kim Yohoi, "A Scottish monocyclist who balanced cups and saucers, a German brother and sister act in which she twirls head down on her brother's head, an Argentine youth doing flamenco dancing on roller skates, and a table tennis match"; Wilt Chamberlain and Meadowlark Lemon perform a skit where Lemon collapses to the ground and Chamberlain throws him up in the air and catches him like a doll, causing Lemon to call him "the strongest athlete who ever lived."
On May 13, 1960 U. of Calif. students are barred from entering a meeting of the House Un-Am. Activities Committee (HUAC) investigating Calif. KPFA/KQED-TV broadcaster William Marx "Bill" Mandel (1917-2016) in San Francisco's city hall, and it turns into a riot, with 12 injured and 52 arrested; on May 14 2K-5K protesters are greeted by the pigs with fire hoses; student protesting is born in San Fran. ("I was a political virgin, but I was raped on the steps of city hall"); to lead counsel Richard Arens' question "Are you now or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?", Mandel utters the immortal soundbyte: "Honorable beaters of children, sadists, uniformed and in plain clothes, distinguished Dixiecrat wearing the clothing of a gentleman, eminent Republican who opposes an accommodation with the one country with which we must live at peace in order for us and all our children to survive. My boy of fifteen left this room a few minutes ago in sound health and not jailed, solely because I asked him to be in here to learn something about the procedures of the United States government and one of its committees. Had he been outside where a son of a friend of mine had his head split by these goons operating under your orders, my boy today might have paid the penalty of permanent injury or a police record for desiring to come here and hear how this committee operates. If you think that I am going to cooperate with this collection of Judases, of men who sit there in violation of the United States Constitution, if you think I will cooperate with you in any way, you are insane!"
In fall 1957 five student activists at the U. of Calif. at Berkeley (UCB) run for student govt. office on a common slate, forming the org. known as SLATE, beginning campus activism in the U.S.
In 1957 after having a spiritual experience in Denver, Colo. last year, Oakland, Calif.-born Hinduism (Shaivism) convert Sivaya Subramuniyaswami (Robert Hansen) (1927-2001) AKA Gurudeva founds the Himalayan Academy near Presidio Park in San Francisco, Calif., becoming the first Hindu temple in the U.S. in 1979 he founds the mag. Hinduism Today; in 1985 he invents Pancha Ganapti, the Hindu alternative to Christmas and Hanukkah; in 1992 the $16M white granite San Marga Iraivan Temple in Kauai, Hawaii (first all-stone temple in the U.S.) is begun under his dir.; it is not finished until ?.
On Mar. 21, 1963 (first day of er, spring?) Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary in San Francisco Bay, Calif. is closed after 29 years by order of U.S. atty.-gen. Robert F. Kennedy; Marion Federal Penitentiary in Williamson County 9 mi. S of Marion, Ill. and 120 mi. SE of St. Louis, Mo. opens to replace Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary; on Oct. 22, 1983 violence forces a long-term lockdown, making it the first control unit in the U.S., with 22-23 hours/day of solitary confinement (until 2006).
In 1963 the Chinese Historical Society of Am. in San Francisco, Calif. opens, becoming the first in the U.S. - Ah Toy?
On Oct. 1, 1964 the Berkeley Free Speech Movement (FSM) is launched at the U. of Calif. at Berkeley (UCB) by physics student Mario Savio (1943-96) when police arrest CORE volunteer Jack Weinberg (1940-) for setting up an unauthorized table to distribute political material in Sproul Plaza then failing to show an ID, and 3K students surround the police car in a standoff that lasts 32 hours; on Dec. 2 Savio makes a speech on behalf of the FSM that causes hundreds of students to take over Sproul Hall in Berkeley, incl. then soundbyte: "There comes a time when the operation of the machine becomes so odious, makes you so sick at heart, that you can't take part, you can't even passively take part. And you've got to put your bodies on the gears, and upon the wheels, upon the levers, upon all the apparatus, and you've got to make it stop"; on Dec. 3 police move in and arrest 780 (largest mass arrest in U.S. history so far), causing a student strike and protest rally on Dec. 4 by 10K, with speakers incl. Willie Brown and John Burton, after which on Dec. 8 the UC academic senate passes resolutions affirming the rights of students to participate in political activity, causing the regents on Dec. 18 to forbid Vietnam War protests on school property; next Mar. 12 the San Francisco FBI sends a secret 33-page report on Savio to the main HQ.
On Apr. 8, 1966 Time mag. seizes the chance to cash in on Millennium Fever by pub. an issue with the cover story Is God Dead? Toward a Hidden God; the cover features "Is God Dead" in big devil-red letters on a Hell-black background; meanwhile on Apr. 30 (Walpurgisnacht) Chicago-born ex-circus roustabout, psychic, and organist (good actor) Anton Szandor LaVey (1930-97) comes out of the closet, shaves his head, and founds the Church of Satan in hip-to-it San Francisco, Calif., proclaiming 1966 as Year One Anno Satanas, going on to perform Satanic baptisms and be dubbed "the Black Pope" by the media, who makes him their 19666, er, 1966 darling? - it's red, it's rave? Hollyweird cashes in on Millennium Fever bigtime? On June 12, 1968 Roman Polanski's Rosemary's Baby (June 12 = 6, 6+6), based on the 1967 Ira Levin novel debuts, starring Mia Farrow as Rosemary Woodhouse, mother of baby 666, John Cassavetes as her Faustian actor hubby Guy Woodhouse, Sidney Blackmer and Ruth Gordon as their warlock-witch neighbors Roman Castevet (really Steven Marcato, son of warlock Adrian Marcato) and Minnie Castevet, Charles Grodin as Dr. Hill, Ralph Bellamy as Dr. Abraham Sapirstein, and Tony Curtis as the voice of actor Donald Baumgart, who is blinded so that Guy can get his big break to seal the deal; Vidal Sassoon does Farrow's hair for $5K; filmed in the Dakota in New York City's Upper West Side on W 72nd St. (later made famous by John Lennon and Yoko Ono) and called the "Black Bramford"; "He has his father's eyes"; "Satan is his father, not Guy. He came up from Hell and begat a son of mortal woman. Satan is his father and his name is Adrian. He shall overthrow the mighty and lay waste their temples. He shall redeem the despised and wreak vengeance in the name of the burned and the tortured. Hail, Adrian! Hail, Satan!"; "God is dead! Satan lives! The year is One! The year is one! God is dead!"; the name Adrian comes from the Latin "man from Hadria", a town in N Italy that gave us 2nd cent. C.E. Roman emperor Hadrian, but could be Hades?; part of a trilogy by Polanski on the horrors of apt.-dwelling incl. "Repulsion" (1965), and "The Tenant" (1976); "Look What's Happened to Rosemary's Baby" (1976) is made for TV; "Son of Rosemary" is written in 1997, and filmed in ?
On Aug. 29, 1966 (Mon.) the Beatles conclude their Fourth U.S. Tour (which opened on Aug. 12 in Chicago, Ill.) with their last public concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, Calif.; "San Francisco is 49 square miles surrounded by reality" (Paul Kantner of the Jefferson Airplane).
On Oct. 15, 1966 La.-born Huey Percy Newton (1942-89) and Liberty, Tex.-born Robert George "Bobby" Seale (1936-) found the rev. Socialist Black Panther Party for Self-Defense in Oakland, Calif., with the motto "Power to the people"; too, blacks decide to exclude whites (esp. liberal Jews) from the U.S. civil rights movement, causing Jewish orgs. in the U.S. to stop representing Am. Jewish interests in favor of backing Israel.
On Oct. 30, 1966 the Zodiac Killer murders his first female college student in Riverside, Calif.; the police later claim that the first confirmed killing isn't until Dec. 20, 1968; he goes on to kill up to 28-38 in the Benicia, Vallejo, Lake Berryessa, and San Francisco area by Oct. 1969 while sending taunting letters to the press that incl. four cryptograms, incl. the soundbyte ""[killing] gives me the most thrilling experience it is even better than getting your rocks off with a girl" - not too late for 666 zombie points? On Dec. 20, 1968 the Wing Walker boot-wearing Zodiac Killer murders teenie lovers David Arthur Faraday (17) and Betty Lou Jensen (16) in their car on lover's lane in Lake Herman Road in Benicia, Calif. with a .22-cal semi-auto pistol, becoming the first of up to 37 murders in N Calif. that the police attribute to him by Oct. 1969, confirming seven victims (four men, three women), of whom two survive; he gets his jollies by sending letters to the Bay Area Press containing four cryptograms, only one of which is solved; he isn't caught until ?.
On Jan. 14, 1967 the Great Human Be-In is held in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, Calif. to a crowd of 20K-30K, drawing nat. attention to the Haight-Ashbury (the "world's first psychedelic city-state") scene, and introduces the word psychedelic to the U.S. masses; LSD guru Timothy Francis Leary (1920-96) proclaims the slogan "Turn on, Tune in, Drop out"; at the Gathering of the Tribe, "Buddhist Jew" poet Allen Ginsberg (1926-97) coins the term "Flower Power". In Feb. the album Surrealistic Pillow by the Jefferson Airplane is released, launching the "San Francisco Sound", and giving the scads of newly-minted hippies their own masturbatory music to accompany their new "counterculture" of drugs and sex (with the pill) in the upcoming Summer of Love while their country goes to pot over Vietnam, as Baby Boomers are easily recruited right in their maximum hormone years with the looming draft putting a candle under their asses; meanwhile the movement has a dark side, as "underground comics" such as Zap Comix (first issue pub. in Nov., 25 cents) by R. (Robert Dennis) Crumb (1943-) give them visual lessons in drug-taking and unmarried promiscuous sex, incl. "humping", "69", etc.; the unlucky males who were drafted into Vietnam are made to feel bad about forever missing the experience of having a free-loving pot-smoking birth-control-popping hippie girl who puts out and/or shacks up without a wedding ring on her finger (and just disappears into smoke when they want to split), even though they partially make up for it with disease-filled Vietnamese "love you long time" hookers. Da Summer of Love, Da Summer of Love? On June 1 the Beatles' album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is released in the U.K., followed by the U.S. on June 2, being certified gold the day of release; the album photo incl. an image of Marlon Brando from 1953's "The Wild One", and writer Terry Southern; it holds the #1 slot in Britain for 27 weeks and in the U.S. for 19 weeks; the Hippie theme is just right for the Summer of Love, which begins in the U.S. as the Hippie (Hippy) Movement arrives bigtime; on June 25 the 2.5-hour Our World Satellite Broadcast, with performers from 19 nations and an audience of 400M features the Beatles singing "All You Need is Love" along with an orchestra and invited friends incl. the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, Marianne Faithfull, Keith Moon, and Graham Nash - Baby Boomer activism begins with masturbating to Beatles music in white suburban bedrooms, then progresses to becoming hippies and moving into cheap lodgings, parks and communes and driving VW buses while getting high and practicing free love, after which the 1960s end and they get real, pair up and join the corporate ladder-climbing world and become Yuppies, changing everything they touch, all with the Vietnam War as their Judge?
On Nov. 9, 1967 Rolling Stone mag., founded in San Francisco, Calif. by U. of Calif. at Berkeley Free Speech Movement activist Jann Simon Wenner (1946-) with $7.5K begins publication with a press run of 6K copies, growing to 400K by 1975; the debut cover features John Lennon wearing a netted helmet and glasses; the Jan. 22, 1981 cover features nude John Lennon dry humping clothed Yoko Ono.
In 1968 the Society for Nutrition Education is founded in San Francisco, Calif. to counter misinfo. about nutrition.
On Dec. 6, 1969 the Rolling Stones appear at a free rock concert at the Altamont Speedway in Livermore (near San Francisco), Calif. before 300K fans, hiring the Hells Angels for security (big mistake); too bad, after "Woodstock West" gets out of control, the Angels strike back with pool cues, and four die, incl. Meredith Hunter (b. 1951), a high-on-meth black teen in a turquoise suit who is kicked and stabbed to death by Hell's Angels as he tries to reach the stage allegedly holding a handgun.
On Apr. 22, 1970 (Lenin's birthday) the U.S. environmental movement is born with the first Earth Day, proposed in 1969 by UNESCO and founded by U.S. Sen. (D-Wisc.) (1963-81) and former Wisc. gov. #35 (1959-63) Gaylord Anton Nelson (1916-2005), organized by the Earth Week Committee of Philadelphia, Penn., and celebrated in the U.S. by 22M people with demonstrations against pollution of Spaceship Earth (coined by Adlai E. Stevenson) amid herds of massive leaded-gas-slurping V8 sedans, a nation filled with smoky industrial smokestacks, and a coverup of a fuel rod meltdown at the Savannah River Nuclear Plant near Aiken, S.C. (acknowleged in 1988); the idea was first proposed in 1969 by Davis City, Iowa-born John McConnell (1915-2012) (designer of the Earth Flag) to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, then coordinated by environmental activist Denis Allen Hayes (1944-), and supported by U Thant, Margaret Mead et al.; meanwhile on Jan. 14-23 Nelson goes for a double and holds the Nelson Hearings on the safety of combined oral contraceptive pills, resulting in the first side-effect disclosure for a pharmaceutical drug in the U.S.; too bad, zany incorrect predictions are made, incl. "Population will inevitably and completely outstrip whatever small increases in food supplies we made, the death rate will increase until at least 100-200 million people per year will be starving to death during the next ten years (Stanford U. biologist Paul Ehrlich); "Air pollution... is certainly going to take hundreds of thousands of lives in the next few years alone" (Ehrlich); "Civilization will end within 15 or 30 years unless immediate action is taken against problems facing mankind" (Harvard biologist George David Wald); "In a decade urban dwellers will have to wear gas masks to survive air pollution... By 1985 air pollution will have reduced the amount of sunlight reaching Earth by one half" (Life mag.); "By the year 2000, if present trends continue, we will be using up crude oil at such a rate... that there won't be any more crude oil. You'll drive up to the pump and say, 'Fill 'er up, buddy', and he'll say, 'I am very sorry, there isn't any'." (ecologist Kenneth Watt)
On Aug. 29, 1971 eight black militant members of the Black Liberation Army (an offshoot of the Black Panthers) storm the Ingleside police station in San Francisco, Calif. and kill Sgt. John V. Young (b. 1920) with a shotgun and injure a civilian clerk; eight blacks are arrested in New Orleans in 1975, but the case is dismissed after allegations of police torture to obtain confessions; they had been waging a way against law enforcement from 1968-73, and that doesn't stop the enemy gang, er police force from doggedly pursuing them, finally arresting eight of them in Jan. 2007 days before a documentary on the abuse allegations is scheduled to air, incl. Harold Taylor (1948-) and Ronald Stanley Bridgeforth (1944-); meanwhile fellow member Herman Bell lures police officers Joseph Piagentini and Waverly Jones to a housing project in Harlem, N.Y., ambushing and killing them from behind, receiving a life sentence then becoming a model prisoner, working with New York City leftists until they get him released in May 2018.
On Sept. 16, 1972 (Sat.) (9:00 p.m.) the crime drama series The Streets of San Francisco debuts on ABC-TV for 121 episodes (until June 9, 1977), starring Karl Malden (Mladen George Sekulovich) (1912-2009) as Homicide veteran Lt. Michael "Mike" Stone, and Michael Kirk Douglas (1944-) (son of Kirk Douglas) as wet-behind-the-ears Asst. Inspector Steve Keller.
In 1972 the space-age 853-ft. (260m) 48-story Transamerica Pyramid Bldg. at 600 Montgomery St. in San Francisco, Calif. is completed, designed by Am. architect William Leonard Pereira (1909-85), whose portrait bears a striking resemblance to Hollywood actor Richard Tiffany Gere (1949-)?
On Nov. 6, 1973 the up-and-coming Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) (motto: "Death to the Fascist insect that preys upon the life of the people") assassinates black Oakland, Calif. school superintendent (since 1970) (first black) Marcus Aurelius Foster (b. 1923) and wounds his asst. after they announced a proposed student ID program. The classic case of a white babe who tastes some black and never wants to come back? On Feb. 4, 1974 19-y.-o. Am. newspaper heiress Patricia Campbell "Patty" Hearst (1954-), granddaughter of late newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst (1863-1951) is kidnapped from her apt. in Berkeley, Calif. by two black male and one white female terrorists calling themselves the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA), who also beat her math tutor boyfriend (UCB philosophy grad student) Steven Weed (1957-); on Feb. 12 the SLA sends a letter to KPFA 94.1 FM Radio in Berkeley demanding $230M in free food for the poor and social justice, plus $2M in ransom; on Feb. 19 cheapo daddy Hearst announces a $2M food giveaway program called People in Need, but before it's over she joins them, adopts the name Tanya (Che Guevara's girlfriend), and on Apr. 3 announces on tape her "decision to stay"; on Apr. 3 a tape-recorded statement sent to KSAN Radio by Patty Hearst denounces her family, and says that she has decided "to stay and fight" with the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) (how many times as big as she's used to?); on Apr. 15 she helps the SLA rob the Sunset Branch of the Hibernia Bank in San Francisco of $10,960, an automatic camera at the bank taking a famous photo of Hearst (alias Tanya) holding a submachine gun; on May 16 SLA members William "Bill" Harris (1945-) and Emily Harris (Emily Montague Schwartz) (1947-) get caught shoplifting ammo at the Mel's Sporting Goods store in Inglewood, Calif., getting in a shootout with owner Bill Huett and escaping in a stolen red VW bus with driver Patty Hearst - the power of black ideals, or the ideal power of black mamba snake? On May 17, 1974 LA police and FBI agents engage in a gun battle with SLA members in the bungalow HQ, which catches fire, and six bodies are recovered, incl. William "Willie" Wolfe (Patty Hearst's lover), Nancy Ling "Fahizah" Perry (b. 1947), Angela DeAngelis "Gen. Gelina" Atwood (b. 1949), Donald "Cinque" DeFreeze (b. 1943), Patricia "Mizmoon" Soltysik (b. 1950), and Camilla Hall (b. 1945); Patty Hearst is not there; on May 22 she is formally charged in Los Angeles, Calif. with 19 crimes. On Apr. 21, 1975 members of the SLA rob the Crocker Nat. Bank in Carmichael (suburb of Sacramento), Calif., during which Emily Harris shoots and kills 42-y.-o. Myrna Opsahl (b. 1932), a mother of four depositing money for her church, and Patty Hearst drives the getaway car, later fingering Kathleen Ann Soliah (1947-) for kicking a pregnant woman in the abdomen and causing a miscarriage; on Aug. 21 Soliah and other members of the SLA place a pipe bomb under a parked police car at an Internat. House of Pancakes restaurant on Sunset Blvd in Los Angeles, Calif., plus another in front of a police dept. 1 mi. away; after being profiled on "America's Most Wanted", she is finally apprehended on June 16, 1999 under the assumed name Sara Jane Olson in St. Paul. Minn. after having pub. the cookbook "Serving Time: America's Most Wanted Recipes", and receives two consecutive 10-life terms, reduced to 14 years, after which she pleads guilty to the Myrna Opsahl murder and gets another 6 years, and is paroled on Mar. 17, 2008, rearrested, then paroled again on Mar. 17, 2009. On Sept. 18, 1975 Patty Hearst and Wendy Yoshimura are arrested by the FBI in San Francisco in the kitchen of their apt.; Hearst wets her pants during the arrest; on the same day Emily and William Harris are arrested while jogging to the same apt. at Precita Ave.; Hearst is convicted of bank robbery and serves over 22 mo. in federal prison, when Pres. Carter commutes her sentence in 1979.
On Dec. 14, 1974 John Guillermin's The Towering Inferno (20th Cent. Fox) (Warner Bros.) (first major Hollywood studio joint feature) debuts, based on the novels "The Tower" by Richard Martin Stern and "The Glass Inferno" by Thomas N. Scortia and Frank M. Robinson about a San Fran skyscraper on fire, starring Paul Newman and Steve McQueen leading an all-star cast incl. William Holden, Faye Dunaway, Fred Astaire, Richard Chamberlain, O.J. Simpson, Robert Vaughn, Robert Wagner, Dabney Coleman, and Jennifer Jones (last film appearance); does $139.7M box office on a $14.3M budget (highest-grossing film of 1974).
In 1975 after Brooklyn, N.Y.-born physicist Jack Sarfatti (1939-) begins hosting Sarfatti's Cave, a physics and consciousness discussion group in Cafe Trieste in San Francisco, Calif., arguing that mind may be crucial to the structure of matter, and that retrocausality may be possible, the Fundamental Fysiks Group is founded in May in San Francisco at the U. of Calif., Berkeley (UCB) to hold weekly meetings to discuss the philosophical and spiritual implications of quantum theory; members incl. Fritjof Capra, Nick Herbert, and Fred Alan Wolf.
In Apr. 1977 (the lame but noisy group?) Americans With Physical Disabilities begins staging protests at federal bldgs. in San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Washington D.C., incl. a 25-day occupation of the San Francisco Federal Bldg. which become known as the 504 Sit-In; the Black Panthers provide daily home-cooked meals; the movement leads to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. In Apr. fifty original inhabitants of the Marshall Islands (Western or Rulik group) of Bikini and Eniwetok, the forerunner of 450 returnees
On July 24, 1977 Led Zeppelin plays their last U.S. concert at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum in Calif. (opened Sept. 18, 1966); too bad, fighting erupts between the crew and the staff of promoter Bill Graham, resulting in criminal assault charges for drummer John Bonham et al.
In 1977 the Miss. Review pub. the article "Freedom and Form: American Poets Respond", commenting on the New Formalism (Neoformalism) movement in Am. poetry that is attempting to return to traditional poetic forms; in May 1985 the article "The Yuppie Poet" is pub. in the AWP (Assoc. of Writers and Writing Programs) Newsletter, coining the term "New Formalism"; in 1987 Dana Gioia pub. "Notes on the New Formalism", containing the soundbyte: "The real issues presented by American poetry in the Eighties will become clearer: the debasement of poetic language; the prolixity of the lyric; the bankruptcy of the confessional mode; the inability to establish a meaningful aesthetic for new poetic narrative and the denial of a musical texture in the contemporary poem. The revival of traditional forms will be seen then as only one response to this troubling situation"; poets incl. Charles Martin, Robert B. Shaw, and Timothy Steele; in 1980 Mark Jarman and Robert McDowell found The Reaper mag. to promote the New Formalism (until 1990); in 1981 Jane Greer founds Plains Poetry Journal to pub. new work in this genre; in 1984 McDowell founds Story Line Press to pub. New Formalist poets; in 1990 William Baer founds the biannual mag. The Formalist (ends 2004), which pub. poems by Fred Chappelll, Mona Van Duyn, John Hollander, Donald Justice, Maxine Kumin, James Merrill, M.S. Merwin, Howard Nemerov, Karl Shapiro, Louis Simpson, W.D. Snodgrass, May Swenson, John Updike, Derek Walcott, Richard Wilbur et al.; meanwhile in the late 1970 the gay-friendly New Narrative movement is launched in San Francisco, Calif. by poets Robert Gluck and Bruce Boone, attempting to representive subjective experience honestly without pretense, using fragmentation, identity politics, meta-text, and explicit descriptions of sex and physicality; poets incl. Kathy Acker, Michael Amnasen, Dodie Bellamy, Dennis Cooper, Sam D'Allesandro, Gary Indiana, Kevin Killian, and Cookie Mueller.
On Nov. 18, 1978 (Sat.) after arriving to investigate complaints of mistreatment of relatives, and being told by 20 members that they want to leave, then accompanying him to Port Kaituma Airport, anti-cult crusading U.S. Rep. (D-Calif.) (since Jan. 3, 1973) Leo Joseph Ryan Jr. (b. 1925) and four others are killed in Jonestown, Guyana by Larry Layton and three other members of Rev. Jim Jones' Peoples Temple of the Disciples of Christ of San Francisco, Calif. (founded 1955), making Ryan the first U.S. congressman killed in the line of duty (until ?); the killings are followed by the Jonestown Massacre, a night of mass murder-suicide by 918 cult members incl. 270+ children, becoming the worst religious mayhem since John of Leiden's cult in 1535; Jones kills himself, and only 32 members escape, incl. their controversial atty. Mark Lane (1947-); 75% of church members are black, a majority of them women who bought his promise of a black paradise sans racial prejudice, segregation, and economic inequality; Jones is often portrayed as a fundamentalist Christian but actually preached atheism and communism, and was the darling of San Francisco, openly praised by Jane Fonda, Angela Davis, Huey Newton, Harvey Milk et al.; the publicity hurts sales of Kool-Aid, even though a cheaper unsweetened brand called Flavor Aid (first marketed in 1929) might have been used instead of or as well; the Cult Awareness Network (CAN) is founded to deprogram its members; too bad, in 1996 the Church of Scientology buys it in bankruptcy court - making its name an oxymoron?
On Sept. 23, 1979 (Sun.) the "M*A*S*H" spinoff Trapper John, M.D. debuts on CBS-TV for 151 episodes (until Sept. 4, 1986), starring Pernell Roberts (1928-2010), as Dr. "Trapper" John McIntyre, who returned from the 4077th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital to San Francisco, Calif., where he becomes chief of surgery at San Francisco Memorial Hospital.
In the 1980s white upper-middle class Valley Girls in the San Fernando Valley of Calif., based in the Galleria in Sherman Oaks at the intersection of the Ventura and San Diego Freeways develop and popularize Valspeak (Valleyspeak), e.g., gnarly, grody, duh, like, and whatever; they peak in 1981-5, and trail off in the 1990s.
On Feb. 27, 1981 Baltimore, Md.-born Nancy Patricia Pelosi (nee D'Alesandro) (1940-), daughter of 3-time Dem. Baltimore mayor Thomas D'Alesandro Jr. (1903-87) becomes chair of the Calif. Dem. Party (until Apr. 3, 1983), going on to become Dem. U.S. Calif. Rep. on June 2, 1987 (until ?), representing Calif's 12th congressional district consisting of 80% of the city-county of gay left-leaning San Francisco, which she has a lock on, working her way up to speaker #52 of the U.S. House of Reps. (first woman) on Jan. 4, 2007, and House minority leader on Jan. 3, 2011 (until ?), becoming known for her ever-kookier leftist public statements.
On July 2, 1982 a bomb from the Unabomber explodes in the hands of Prof. Diogenes Angelakos (1920-97) in Berkeley, Calif.
On June 2, 1985 after raping, torturing, and murdering 11-25 women in a remote cabin near Wilseyville, Calaveras County, Calif. 150 mi. E of San Francisco, Calif., Hong Kong-born ex-Marine Charles Chi-Tat Ng (1960-) is caught shoplifting a vise from a hardware store in San Francisco, Calif., after which his San Francisco-born ex-Marine partner Leonard Thomas Lake (1945-85) tries to pay for it and is arrested, taking cyanide pills in jail and dying on June 6; Ng flees to Calgary, Alberta, Canada and lives in a lean-to in Fish Creek Provincial Park until July 6, when he tries to shoplift a can of salmon from a grocery store in Calgary and is arrested after shooting a security guard; after a long legal battle to avoid extradition, he ends up in Calif. in 1991, and in Feb. 1999 is convicted of 11 murders after a $20M trial, most expensive in Calif. history (until ?), ending up on death row in San Quentin State Prison.
On Oct. 14-28, 1989 in another Calif. Classic the Oakland Athletics (AL) defeat the San Francisco Giants (NL) 4-0 in the Eighty-Sixth (86th) World Series; first WS sweep since 1976; the 3rd time (1963, 1966) that the winner never trails an inning; the 3rd time (1969, 1979) that the reigning World Series and Super Bowl winners are from the same area; on Sept. 1 commissioner Bart Giamatti dies of a sudden heart attack 1 mo. before the series starts, and Fay Vincent presides as new commissioner as the players wear black armbands in memory of Giamatti. On Oct. 17 (5:04 p.m.) the 6.9 1989 Loma Prieta (Watsonville) (San Francisco) Earthquake, centered in the Forest of Nisene Marks State Park 10 mi. NE of Santa Cruz hits the San Francisco (N Calif.) area minutes before the start of World Series Game 3, killing 63, injuring 3,757 and causing $5.6-$6B in damage; the WS is delayed for 10 days.
On Nov. 3, 1991 the Grateful Dead, Santana et al. perform before a crowd of 300K at San Francisco's Golden Gate Park in honor of rock concert promoter Bill Graham (b. 1930), who died in a heli crash on Oct. 25.
On Nov. 4, 1992 after a special election, San Francisco, Calif.-born San Francisco mayor ##8 (1978-88) Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (nee Dianne Emiel Goldman) (1933-) becomes Dem. U.S. Sen. from Calif. (until ?), becoming the first woman to chair the Senate Rules Committee (2007-9) and the Select Committee on Intelligence (2009-15); Barbara Boxer is elected on the same ballot.
On Jan. 3, 1993 Brooklyn, N.Y.-born Marin County supervisor Barbara Levy Boxer (1940-) becomes a Dem. U.S. Sen. from Calif. (until Jan. 3, 2017), receiving a record 6.96M votes in the 2004 election, which is surpassed by her colleague Dianne Feinstein in 2012.
On July 1, 1993 55-y.-o. failed entrepreneur Gian Luigi Ferri (b. 1937) fires TEC-9 and Norinco NP44 semi-automatic pistols in the 101 Calif. St. offices of San Francisco law firm Pettit and Martin (with whom he had been involved in a lawsuit), killing eight and wounding six before killing himself; none of the 30 law firm employees on his hit list are injured; the shooting sparks several legislative actions leading to the 1994 U.S. Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act - should have played more arcade games?
On June 7, 1994 USGS scientists meeting in Treasure Island say that there is a 90% chance of a major earthquake striking the San Francisco Bay Area within the next 30 years.
On Aug. 28, 1997 Calif.'s Proposition 209 takes effect, ending affirmative action, causing thousands to march across San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge in protest.
In Mar. 1999 700+ from around the world gather for the First Internat. Ecocity Conference in Berkeley, Calif.
In 1999 the last official Morse code message is sent by the Globe Wireless master station S of San Francisco, Calif., ending an era.
On Sept. 24, 2001 Calif. artists R.J. Waldron, Eric Noda, and Thomas Hanley paint a 35-ft. U.S.flag on a concrete wall near I-680 in Sunol, Calif. about 40 mi. SE of San Francisco; in 2010 Caltrans removes it after declaring it graffiti.
On Mar. 21, 2002 Calif. atty. Marjorie Knoller is found guilty of implied-malice second-degree murder in the Jan. 26, 2001 mauling death of college lacrosse coach Diane Alexis Whipple (1968-2001) in San Francisco, Calif. by her two big Presa Canario dogs, becoming an unprecedented verdict; she was present during the attack, while her atty. hubby Robert Noel wasn't; the dogs were owned by imprisoned Aryan Brotherhood leader Paul Schneider, adding implied malice to the prosecution?; on June 17 an appeals judge reduces the conviction to manslaughter.
On Dec. 25, 2002 authorities launch a massive search for La Loma, Calif. resident Laci Denise Peterson (nee Rocha) (b. 1975), an 8-mo.-pregnant woman who disappeared while allegedly walking her dog in N Calif. on Christmas Eve.
The bad side of the U.S. govt. on display? On Jan. 31, 2003 a federal jury in San Francisco, Calif. is duped by a crook in a black robe to convict noted marijuana advocate and authority Edward "Ed" Rosenthal (1944-) of federal marijuana charges even though Calif. law permits it for medical uses and the city of Oakland tried to shield him with immunity as its officer; on Feb. 4 the jury cries foul for not being told this, demanding a new trial as the puppet judge and prosecutors slap each other on the backs for squashing a hero like a bug for political reasons in the name of the law, instead of taking Calif. itself to court first so the fight is more fair; his conviction is overturned on appeal, and they try and convict him again to justify having already served his sentence - and America wants to spread its brand of democracy all over the world?
On Apr. 13-14, 2003 the badly decomposed bodies of 8-mo. pregnant Laci Denise Peterson (nee Rocha) (b. 1975) and her fetus Conner are found in the Isabel Regional Shoreline of Richmond Point in San Francisco Bay, causing authorities to arrest her husband, fertilizer salesman Scott Lee Peterson (1972-) on Apr. 18 and charge him with capital murder; he hires famed defense atty. Mark John Geragos (1957-), known for representing pop star Michael Jackson; Rick Warren's "A Purpose-Driven Life" is on his car seat during his arrest at the Torrey Pines Golf Course in La Jolla, Calif., given him by his hot blonde girlfriend Amber Dawn Frey (1975-), who had been working with authorities to draw him out, despite wanting to hook up with her being his main motive; his hair and goatee had been bleached blonde, and he was carrying $15K in cash along with an array of camping equipment; on Mar. 16, 2005 Peterson is sentenced to death row by Judge Alfred Delucchi in Redwood City, Calif for the slaying of his pregnant wife Laci after a turbulent court session in which Laci's father Dennis Rocha tells him "You're going to burn in Hell for this", and he is sentenced to death by lethal injection, beginning a bonanza for lawyers handling his appeals.
On Sept. 14, 2005 in San Francisco, Calif. U.S. District Judge Lawrence Karlton rules that the reciting of the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools is unconstitutional because of the words "under God",
On Feb. 1, 2007 Dem. San Francisco, Calif. mayor #42 (since Jan. 8, 2004) (youngest in a cent.) Gavin Christopher Newsom (1967-) apologizes for getting caught in a sexual relationship with his appointments secy. Ruby Rippey-Tourk (1972-), wife of his former campaign mgr. Alex Tourk (39) 1.5 years earlier as he was divorcing his wife, Fox News host Kimberly Guilfoyle, the couple once being touted by the press as the "New Kennedys".
On Mar. 28, 2007 San Francisco, Calif. outlaws plastic garbage bags, and begins pushing biodegradable BioBags.
On Dec. 25, 2007 350-lb. Denver Zoo-born Siberian tiger Tatiana escapes from the San Francisco Zoo and attacks two teenage brothers, killing one and severely wounding the other.
On Apr. 23, 2009 the 645-ft.-tall 58-story blue-gray glass late-modernist Millennium Tower in downtown San Francisco, Calif. in the South of Market district at the N end of the Transbay Transit Center opens, skipping floors 13 and 44 for superstitious reasons, which doesn't stop it from sinking and tilting by 2016.
On Aug. 27, 2009 Jaycee Lee Dugard (1980-), who was abducted while waiting for a school bus at age 11 in South Lake Tahoe 18 years ago wanders into a parole office in a town near San Francisco, Calif., telling a tale of her abuser, 58-y.-o. Philip Garrido (1951-), who is arrested, and will never get out of priz alive; Voices Are Real, his non-hit song recorded in the 1980s surfaces on YouTube.
On Apr. 1, 2010 San Francisco, Calif. police chief George Gascon apologizes for remarks made on Mar. 25 that the U.S. faces the threat of domestic terrorism from Yemen and Afghanistan, and that significant numbers of people from those countries reside in the Bay Area, pissing-off the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR) et al.
On July 17, 2014 Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, Calif. (cap. 68.5K-75K) opens as the home of the San Francisco 49ers; on Aug. 7 their first game is a 23-3 loss to the Baltimore Ravens, followed by a 34-0 loss on Aug. 17 to the Denver Broncos; on Feb. 7, 2016 it hosts Super Bowl 50 (L).
On Aug. 24, 2014 (3:20 a.m. local time) a 6.0 earthquake rocks San Francisco, Calif., waking residents of wineland Napa Valley.
On June 10, 2015 the city council of San Francisco, Calif. unanimously votes to require warning labels on all ads for sugary beverages, becoming the first in the U.S.; too bad, on Jan. 31, 2019 the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals blocks it as a violation of First Amendment rights.
On July 1, 2015 Jose Inez Garcia Zarate, an illegal Mexican alien with seven felony convictions and five deportations back to Mexico who was allowed to run free by the Obama admin. murders a 32-y.-o. Kathryn Steinle in San Francisco, Calif. while walking at the waterfront for no apparent reason, causing an outcry about San Francisco's self-declared status as a "sanctuary city" that make it ignore an ICE detainer while he was in jail; on July 23 House Repubs. pass a bill, dubbed the Donald Trump Act by Dems. to strip federal grants from jurisdictions that shield illegal immigrants from arrest by federal immigration authorities.
On Feb. 1, 2017 (eve.) a building at the U. of Calif. Berkeley (UCB) where gay conservative anti-Islam speaker Milo Yiannopoulos is set to speak is attacked by violent masked Antifa and other leftist student protesters, causing the speech to be canceled and police to close the campus - the free speech movement started and ended in Berkeley?
On Dec. 22, 2017 the FBI announces the arrest of Muslim convert Modesto, Calif. tow truck driver (ex-Marine sharpshooter) Everitt Aaron Jameson (1991-) for plotting a Christmas terror attack on Pier 39 in San Francisco; on Aug. 6, 2018 he is sentenced to 15 years in prison.
In 2018 a mass exodus begins from the San Francisco Bay area in Calif. due to high housing costs combined with high crime and illegal immigrants.
In July 2018 the city of San Francisco, Calif. opens two safe injection sites (monitored by train medical staff) for users of heroin, fentanyl, and other hard drugs, becoming the first in the U.S. - shut up and take my money?
On Feb. 24, 2018 Oakland, Calif. Dem. mayor Libby Schaaf issues a warning to illegals about an upcoming ICE sweep, causing calls for her prosecution.
On Mar. 28, 2018 a federal judge in San Francisco, Calif. holds the first-ever U.S. court hearing on the impact of climate change, with lawyers for San Francisco and Oakland along with five of the largest multinat. oil cos. (BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil, Shell) participating in a climate change tutorial preparatory to a lawsuit claiming that rising sea levels et al. are caused by climate change traceable to the cos.; on June 18 he dismisses all the lawsuits trying to hold big oil cos. liable for global climate change, saying that the U.S. pres. and Congress are best suited to address the issue.
On Apr. 11, 2018 the city of San Francisco, Calif. begins their Great LED Giveaway of 100K free LED light bulbs in order to save $1M and 5.5M KWH of electricity a year.
On June 4, 2018 a Bay Area Council Poll finds that 46% of residents plan to move out of the San Francisco Bay area, vs. 34% in 2016 and 40% in 2017.
In June 2018 former "Flowers in Your Hair" city San Francisco, Calif. is declared one of the filthiest slums on Earth.
On Sept. 12-14, 2018 the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco, Calif., hosted by Calif. Gov. Jerry Brown is held to solicit climate change pledges from cities and states despite do-nothing Pres. Trump; it opens with a song by Kanyon Sayers-Roods, rep of the Indian Canyon Muraun Band of Costanoan Ohlone People; on Sept. 14 Hollyweird "Indiana Jones" actor Harrison Ford blasts Pres. Trump without naming him, along with "people who don't believe in science, or, worse than that, pretend they don't believe in science", claiming that we are "shit out of time" to save Earth from global warming and that "The future of humanity is at stake"; on Sept. 14 Brown makes the announcement: "With science still under attack, we're going to launch our own satellite, our own damn satellite, to figure out where the pollution is"; the summit goes on to pub. Exponential Climate Action Roadmap.