T.L. Winslow's 2002 C.E. Historyscope

© Copyright by T.L. Winslow. All Rights Reserved.

2002 - The Dawn of the Digital Age? The Axis of Evil Year? The 9/11 mentality settles into Western minds this year, while the new George W. Bush administration is given enough rope to hang itself?

Thomas Joseph 'Tom' Ridge of the U.S. (1945-) Hu Jintao of China (1942-) Bill Frist of the U.S. (1952-) Eduardo Duhalde of Argentina (1941-) Joe Pesci (1943-) Natasa Micic of Serbia (1965-) Alvaro Uribe of Colombia (1952-) Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil (1945-) Pedro Carmona Estanga of Venezuela (1941-) Driss Jettou of Morocco (1945-) Jonas Savimbi of Angola (1934-2002) Mwai Kibaki of Kenya (1931-) Amadou Toumani Touré of Mali (1948-) Levy Mwanawasa of Zambia (1948-2008) Ashraf Choudhary of New Zealand (1949-) King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain (1950-) Condoleezza Rice of the U.S. (1954-) Trent Lott of the U.S. (1941-) Michael Bloomberg of the U.S. (1942-) Philip D. Zelikow of the U.S. (1954-) The Beltway Snipers John Allen Muhammad (1960-2009) and Lee Boyd Malvo (1985-) Lawrence B. Lindsey of the U.S. Stephen Friedman of the U.S. (1937-) Nancy Pelosi of the U.S. (1940-) Tom Tancredo of the U.S. (1945-) Pim Fortuyn of the Netherlands (1948-2002) Jan Peter Balkenende of the Netherlands (1956-) Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma (1945-) Janez Drnovsek of Slovenia (1950-2008) Marc Ravalomana of Madagascar (1949-) Geoff Hoon of Britain (1953-) Halle Berry (1966-) and Denzel Washington (1954-) Queen Mum Elizabeth (1900-2002) U.S. Col. Martha McSally (1966-) Lincoln Davenport Chafee of the U.S. (1953-) Canterbury Archbishop Rowan Douglas Williams (1950-) Coleen Rowley Leo Dennis Kozlowski (1946-) Mark H. Swartz Samuel D. 'Sam' Waksal (1947-) Denis Martin Donaldson (1950-2006) Paul Wellstone of the U.S. (1944-2002) John J. Geoghan (1935-2003) Lucas John Helder (1981-) Daniel Pearl (1963-2002) The Beltway Snipers, 2002 Hesham Mohamed Hadayet (1961-2002) Mohamed Magid Jose Padilla (1970-) Earnest James Ujaama (1966-) Robert Steinhäuser (1982-2002) Terry Lynn Barton (1964-) Billy Beane (1962-) Mark Shuttleworth (1973-) Bernard Ebbers (1941-) Georgie Anne Geyer (1935-) Kurt Sonnenfeld (1963-) Dick Notebaert (1948-) Amina Lawal (1973-) Diane Alexis Whipple (1968-2001) Tom Brady (1977-) Adam Vinatieri (1972-) Michael Strahan (1971-) Jarome Iginla of Canada (1977-) Vonetta Flowers of the U.S. (1973-) Apolo Anton Ohno of the U.S. (1982-) Michelle Kwan of the U.S. (1980-) Sarah Hughes of the U.S. (1985-) Theo Epstein (1973-) Niklas Lidström (1970-) Helio Castroneves (1975-) Se Ri Pak (1977-) Ted Williams (1918-2002) Ward Burton (1961-) Yao Ming (1980-) Mike Scioscia (1958-) Johnnie B. 'Dusty' Baker Jr. (1949-) Mike Webster (1952-2002) Bennet Omalu (1968-) Omar Khadr (1986-) Aileen Wuornos (1956-2002) St. Juan Diego (1474-1548) Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (1931-) Catherine E. Mulkerrin (1936-2008) Ted Maher (1958-) Jimmy Carter of the U.S. (1924-) Imre Kertesz (1929-) Riccardo Giacconi (1931-) Raymond Davis Jr. (1914-2006) Ha-Joon Chang (1963-) Masatoshi Koshiba (1926-) Osama Al-Baz of Egypt (1930-2013) Amir-Abbas Fakhravar (1975-) John Bennett Fenn (1917-2010) Yuri Oganessian (1933-) Svante Pääbo (1955-) Koichi Tanaka (1959-) Kurt Wüthrich (1938-) Sydney Brenner (1927-2019) Reid Hoffman (1967-) Sir John Edward Sulston (1942-) Howard Robert Horvitz (1947-) Daniel Kahneman (1934-) Sue Monk Kidd (1948-) Vernon Lomax Smith (1927-) Hira Ratan Manek (Hirachand) (1937-) Jacob Mincer (1922-2006) Francine Dee Blau (1946-) Jose Arguelles (1939-2011) Rick Atkinson (1952-) Michael R. Beschloss (1955-) William S. Breitbart (1951-) Frank Bidart (1939-) Augusten Burroughs (1965-) Ahmed Chalabi (1944-) Phyllis Chesler (1940-) Tony Cornell (1924-2010) Jeffrey Eugenides (1960-) Jodie Evans (1954-) Jean-Jacques Laffont (1947-2004) David Martimort Nick Woodman (1975-) William Gibson (1914-2008) Julia Glass (1956-) Adam Haslett (1970-) Riaz Hassan David R. Hawkins (1927-2012) Chris Hedges (1956-) Malcolm Hoenlein (1942-) Bernard Lewis (1916-) Richard K. Morgan (1965-) Heidi Neumark (1954-) Trita Parsi (1974-) Carlota Perez (1939-) Daniel Pinchbeck (1966-) Steven Pinker (1954-) Daniel Pipes (1949-) Janice G. Raymond (1943-) Kim Stanley Robinson (1952-) Joel C. Rosenberg (1967-) Jeffrey Sachs (1954-) Ilyasah Shabazz (1962-) Nicholas Sparks (1965-) Robert Spencer (1962-) Simon Tolkien (1959-) Tevi Troy (1967-) Toby Young (1963-) Andrew Norman Wilson (1950-) Cecily von Ziegesar (1970-) 'Restaurant' mag., 2002- René Redzepi (1977-) Claus Meyer (1963-) John Coolidge Adams (1947-) Paul McCartney (1942-) and Heather Mills (1968-), 2002 Billy Bragg (1957-) 'American Idol', 2002- Simon Cowell (1959-) Kelly Clarkson (1982-) Norah Jones (1979-) Nick Lachey (1973-) and Jessica Simpson (1980-) Avril Lavigne (1984-) Ashanti (1980-) Audioslave Biffy Clyro The Black Keys Maroon 5 Phantom Planet Red Hot Chili Peppers My Chemical Romance 3 Doors Down The Caesars Hilary Duff (1987-) Seether Nada Surf Justin Timberlake (1981-) Trombone Shorty (1986-) Wilco Robert Allan Caro (1935-) Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) Arthur Phillips (1969-) Michael Savage (1942-) Carl Dennis (1939-) Steven Emerson (1953-) Tim O'Malley (1957-) Amos Oz (1939-) Michael Punke (1964-) Pratyush Buddiga Charlie Sheen (1965-) and Denise Richards (1971-) 'Monk', 2002-9 'The Shield', 2002-8 'The Wire', 2002-8 'Without a Trace', 2002-9 'Codename: Kids Next Door', 2002-8 'Chitty Chitty Bang Bang', 2002 'Hairspray', 2002 'We Will Rock You', 2002 '28 Days Later', 2002 'Blue Crush', 2002 'Crossroads', 2002 Shonda Rhimes (1970) 'Die Another Day', 2002 'Eight Legged Freaks', 2002 'Firefly', 2002 'Gangs of New York', 2002 Martin Scorsese (1942-) 'Men in Black II', 2002 'Minority Report', 2002 'The Mothman Prophecies', 2002 'Phone Booth', 2002 'The Ring', 2002 'Solaris', 2002 'Star Trek: Nemesis', 2002 'Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones', 2002 'We Were Soldiers', 2002 Kate Moss (1974-) 'Naked Portrait of Pregnant Supermodel Kate Moss' by Lucian Freud (1922-), 2002 'Dog Planet' by Daniel Richter (1962-), 2002 Roberto Matta (1911-2002) Roomba, 2002 Green Flash Brewing Co. Alqueva Dam, 1995-2002 Rainman Fountain, Florence, 2009

2002 Doomsday Clock: 7 min. to midnight - back to the 1947 start level? Chinese Year: Black Horse (Feb. 12) (lunar year 4699). Time Persons of the Year: The Whistleblowers (Cynthia Cooper, Coleen Rowley, Sherron Watkins). This is the U.N. Internat. Year for Cultural Heritage, Ecotourism, and Mountains - cultural sabotage, terrorism, and mountainous catastrophes? The Dawn of the Digital Age sees digital storage capacity overtake analog. Between 1998 and this year the U.S. Nat. Climate Data Center lists 17 weather-related events doing over $1B in damage each. The U.S. admits 1M legal immigrants this year; 422 of them settle in Mont. There are no commercial airline fatalities in the U.S. this year. By this year there are 7 scientific researchers or engineers per 1K pop. in the U.S.; in China there are only 0.6. On Jan. 1 11-0 Miami defeats 11-1 Nebraska by 37-14 to win the 2002 Rose Bowl. On Jan. 1 the eurodollar (euro) replaces nat. currencies in a dozen countries of Europe (Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain) as 15B euro banknotes and 50B euro coins (with a value of over 664B euros) are put into circulation, becoming the largest currency introduction in history. On Jan. 1 Boston, Mass.-born billionaire Jewish Dem.-turned-Repub. financier Michael Rubens "Mike" Bloomberg (1942-) becomes mayor #108 of New York City (until Dec. 31, 2013), succeeding 9/11 hero mayor Rudy Giuliani. On Jan. 1 the U.N. strengthens its 1996 Habitat Agenda by creating a full-fledged U.N. program. On Jan. 1 Nancy Sonnenfeld, wife of Kurt Sonnenfeld (1963-), a videographer for the U.S. Federal Emergency Mgt. Agency (FEMA), who took footage of the ruins of the WTC in 2001 is shot to death in Congress Park, Colo.; he is charged with her murder, then the charges are dismissed in June after a suicide note is found; too bad, after he moves to Argentina and releases a demo tape of Ground Zero to the press, he is arrested again on the allegation that jail inmates came forward claiming he confessed in jail, causing him to seek asylum in Argentina, bcoming a poster boy for conspiracy theorists after he claims the U.S. govt. is framing him because he has video evidence that they knew in advance about 9/11 and took precautions to preserve "certain things that the authorities there considered irreplaceable or invaluable... For example, certain things were missing that could only have been removed with a truck. Yet after the first plane hit... everything in Manhattan collapsed and no one could have gotten near the towers to do that." On Jan. 2 Eduardo Alberto Duhalde (1941-) (whose portrait bears a striking resemblance to actor Joe Pesci (1943-)?) becomes pres. #53 of Argentina (until May 25, 2003). On Jan. 2 Levy Patrick Mwanawasa (1948-2008), hand-picked successor of Frederick Chiluba is sworn-in as pres. #3 of Zambia (until Aug. 19, 2008) among allegations of fraud, but in June he accuses his former boss of stealing millions while in office, and gets him arrested and charged next Feb.; meanwhile, despite looming famine he refuses to accept food donations, calling them "poison" - me wanna watch ya white honkeys? On Jan. 3 the Israelis capture Karine-A, a Palestine Authority-owned freighter loaded with 50 tons of weapons incl. rockets in the Red Sea; after Yasser Arafat lies to Pres. Bush that he had nothing to do with it, and is found out, Bush refuses to have anything to do with him again? On Jan. 11 the U.S. begins putting Taliban and Al-Qaida prisoners in a special maximum security prison in Guantanamo Bay (Gitmo), Cuba (until ?). On Jan. 15 Britain is declared free of hoof and mouth disease after 10M head of livestock have been destroyed. On Jan. 15 11-term U.S. Rep. (D-Calif.) (since June 2, 1987) Nancy Patricia Pelosi (nee D'Alesandro) (1940-) from San Francisco, Calif. becomes the first woman to lead a major party in Congress after being elected as the House minority whip (until Jan. 3, 2003); her father Thomas Ludwig John D'Alesandro Jr. (1903-87) was a Md. rep. for 10 years (1939-47), and 3-term mayor #39 of Baltimore (1947-59). On Jan. 16 a graduate student kills a dean, a prof. and a student at the Appalachian School of Law in Va. On Jan. 17 Warwick, R.I.-born U.S. fighter pilot (guaranteed future gen.) col. Martha Elizabeth McSally (196-), the first U.S. woman to fly in combat since the 1991 lifting of prohibitions sues the U.S. Defense Dept. for making her dress in degrading Muslim garb when off-duty in Saudi Arabia; too bad, after failing to make gen., she retires on May 6, 2010, and becomes a U.S. Repub. rep. from Ariz. on Jan. 3, 2015 (until ?). On Jan. 18 Israel confines Yasser Arafat to a Ramallah office complex, like a rat in a cage. On Jan. 18 defrocked priest John J. Geoghan (1935-2003), after being accused of sex abuse by 130+ people in his 30-year career is convicted of child molestation for grabbing a 10-y.-o. boy's butt in a swimming pool, and the Church's role in the coverup causes nat. outrage in the U.S., and leads to the fall of Boston archbishop Bernard Cardinal Law; on Aug. 23, 2003 Geoghan is stomped and strangled to death in his cell by white supremacist Joseph Druce and another inmate; Druce was given life without parole earlier for killing a man for making a sexual pass at him - good choice of cellmates? On Jan. 23 U.S. Wall Street Journal reporter (a Jew) Daniel Pearl (b. 1963) is kidnapped in Karachi, Pakistan, then confirmed dead in Pakistan on Feb. 21 (killed on Feb. 1, and found in a shallow grave cut into 10 pieces) after a massive manhunt by Pakistan authorities is sparked by the personal intervention of U.S. secy. of state Colin Powell; four Islamic militants are later convicted; suspected 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed (1964-) is not charged, but on Mar. 10, 2007 he boasts of beheading the Zionist Mossad-CIA spy at a military hearing in Guantanamo Bay, uttering the soundbyte: "I decapitated with my blessed right hand the head of the American Jew Daniel Pearl in the city of Karachi, Pakistan... There are pictures of me on the Internet holding his head"; he then spoils the juicy confession by claiming credit for 30 other attacks and plots, some of which never occurred; a grisly video showing Khalid saving himself by using a knife on an infidel is uploaded to the Internet to show the wonderful work Islam is doing for the butcher profession?; the FBI tries unsuccessfully to get the video banned from the Internet, just making it more popular? On Jan. 24 Kenneth L. Lay, chmn of the bankrupt Enron Corp. resigns after the the co. comes under federal investigation for financial hanky-panky. On Jan. 25 White House counsel Alberto Gonzales signs a memorandum which states that the "new paradigm" of the new war on terror "renders obsolete" the Geneva Conventions' "strict limitations on questioning of enemy prisoners and renders quaint some of its provisions". On Jan. 27 the first known female suicide bomber in the Middle East kills one and wounds 150 in Jerusalem in a long string of Palestinian suicide bombings going on this year. On Jan. 29 (9:15 p.m.) Pres Bush delivers his first 2002 State of the Union Address, addressing the effects of the 9/11 attacks and his plans to prevent future attacks, calling Iran, Iraq, and North Korea the "Axis of Evil", using the term "weapons of mass destruction" (WMD), and saying that the war on terrorism is "just beginning". On Jan. 30 Japan closes its last coal mine, and begins importing coal (until ?). On Jan. 31 the Larsen B Ice Shelf in the Antarctic begins disintegrating, eventually collapsing into the Weddell Sea, becoming the largest series of Larsen Ice Shelf losses in decades. In Jan. a high-level intel assessment by the Bush admin. concludes that the sale of uranium from Niger to Iraq was "unlikely" because of a host of obstacles; this report doesn't stop Pres. Bush from claiming that it happened in his 2003 State of the Union Address. In Jan. Philip Morris changes its stinking name to the less recognizable Altira after the investment co. Altira Group unsuccessfully sues them - alternate irritant? In Jan. Operation Gibraltar to uncover an al-Qaida plot in Morocco to attack NATO warships in Gibraltar results in several arrests. On Feb. 3 (after NFL commissioner Paul Tagliabue cancels a week's slate of games after 9/11, pushing the season back) Super Bowl XXXVI (36) is held in New Orleans, La.; the halftime show features U2; the underdog New England Patriots (AFC) (coach Bill Belichick) defeat the St. Louis Rams (NFC) (coach Mike Martz) (QB Kurt Warner) by 20-17 for their first SB title, capped by a 48-yard field goal by 6'0" Adam Matthew "Mr. Clutch" Vinatieri (1972-) (#4) as time expires; 2nd-year Patriots QB (#12) (6th round draft pick, who replaced Drew Bledsoe after an injury) Thomas Edward "Tom Terrific" Brady Jr. (1977-) is MVP. On Feb. 3 a video tape is released showing popular 35-y.-o. black R&B singer R. (Robert Sylvester) Kelly (1967-) having sex with a 14-y.-o. daughter of an associate and urinating on her, causing him to be indicted on 21 counts of child porno; his atty. files 20 motions to delay the trial, which begins on May 9, 2007, and results in acquittal on June 13, 2008. On Feb. 4 Father Jose Mantero becomes the first gay priest to come out in Spain - don't hand me the host until you wash your fingers? On Feb. 6 Queen Elizabeth II celebrates her 50th anniv. as monarch of Great Britain - and she'll never let funny-ears get it? On Feb. 12 the trial of Slobodan Milosevic on charges of crimes against humanity opens at The Hague. On Feb. 12 an Iran Airtour Tu-154 crashes in the mountains of W Iran near Khorramabad, killing all 119 aboard; on Sept. 1, 2006 another of their planes crashes in Mashhad in NE Iran, killing 29 of 148 aboard. On Feb. 13 mixed-up Am. Muslim John Walker Lindh is charged with supporting terrorism. On Feb. 14 the emirate of Bahrain becomes a kingdom, with emir (since Mar. 6, 1999) Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (1950-) as king #1 (until ?). On Feb. 20 a gas cooking cylinder explodes on a crowded passenger train near Ayyat, Egypt, killing 361, becoming Egypt's worst train disaster (until ?). On Feb. 22 Angolan Christian rebel leader and founder of UNITA, Dr. Jonas Mahleiro Savimbi (1934-) is assassinated by govt. forces. On Feb. 22 the Sri Lankan govt. and the Tamil Tigers sign a ceasefire agreement. On Feb. 26 Saudi crown prince Abdullah (1924-) offers full normalization with all Arab nations if Israel will withdraw completely from the West Bank and Gaza; Pres. Bush welcomes the offer; the Arab League approves the plan on Mar. 28. On Feb. 26 masked Muslim gunmen attack the Shiite Shah-i-Najaf Mosque in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, killing 11. On Feb. 27 the U.K. approves human cloning - after all, they already cloned Paul McCartney? On Feb. 28 Indian Muslim extremists set fire to a train of Hindus near Godhra returning from the Ayodhya holy site, where a Muslim mosque had been destroyed by Hindu extremists in 1992 in order to build a Hindu temple, killing 58; by Mar. 3 three days of Hindu-Muslim violence leave 400 dead in W India's Gujarat state, the home state of nonviolence advocate Mahatma Gandhi. In Feb. the investment banking co. of Lehman Brothers in New York City reinstates "business-appropriate" clothing; casual wear continues to be prevalent in the U.S. workplace, but men start to abandon the "dot-bomb" image of relaxed dress. In Feb. the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (originally the U.S. Global Change Research Program) is established under the U.S. Global Change Research Act of 1990 to coordinate and integrate research on global warming, issuing 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs), along with three Nat. Climate Assessment Reports starting in 2000, followed by 2009 and 2014. On Mar. 2 Operation Anaconda, designed to mop-up remaining Taliban forces in E Afghanistan is launched, killing 500 of 1K Taliban fighters, and later declared a success by U.S. officials. On Mar. 3 Switzerland finally votes to join the U.N., becoming member #191: in June it follows with an overwhelming vote to end their 66-y.-o. Roman Catholic-inspired anti-abortion law. On Mar. 6 the Monica Lewinsky case against ex-pres. Clinton is dropped by independent counsel Robert William Ray (1960-) - who blew it? On Mar. 10 relatives of strongman Gen. Ne Win are accused of plotting to overthrow the govt. of Burma and sacked; "illegal use of a modem" is punishable by 15 years in prison in this after-shave country. On Mar. 12 the crime drama series The Shield debuts on FX Network for 88 episodes (until Nov. 25, 2008), based on the 1990s LAPD Rampart CRASH Scandal, set in the Farmington district of LA ("The Farm), where a converted church called "the Barn" is used as the HQ of the corrupt 4-man anti-gang Strike Team, led by Vic Mackey, played by bald actor Michael Charles Chiklis (1963-); its success attracts film stars Glenn Close (season 4) and Forest Whitaker (seasons 5-6). On Mar. 13 Pres. Robert Mugabwe wins reelection in Zimbabwe over challenger Morgan Richard Tsvangirai in a rigged election. On Mar. 13 Pres. Bush utters the soundbyte "I don't know where Osama is, I really don't care, it's not that important, it's not our priority." On Mar. 13 (Wed.) Court TV airs its first original movie Guilt by Association, starring Mercedes Ruehl, about the injustice of the U.S. mandatory minimum sentencing laws. On Mar. 14 the accounting firm of Arthur Andersen is indicted on a single count of obstruction of justice in the destruction of documents related to the Enron case; it is convicted on June 15. On Mar. 17 two Lashkar-e-Jhangvi members bomb the Internat. Protestant Church in Islamabad, Pakistan during a church service, killing five and injuring 40. On Mar. 21 Pope John Paul II sends a letter to priests lamenting the pedophile sex scandals stinking up the Church's name around the world; on Apr. 15 he summons U.S. Catholic bishops to Rome to discuss the problem of priestly pedophilia - pass the latest issue of Playchoirboy? On Mar. 21 Calif. atty. Marjorie Knoller is found guilty of implied-malice second-degree murder in the Jan. 26, 2001 mauling death of college lacrosse coach Diane Alexis Whipple (1968-2001) in San Francisco, Calif. by her two big Presa Canario dogs, becoming an unprecedented verdict; she was present during the attack, while her atty. hubby Robert Noel wasn't; the dogs were owned by imprisoned Aryan Brotherhood leader Paul Schneider, adding implied malice to the prosecution?; on June 17 an appeals judge reduces the conviction to manslaughter. On Mar. 24 the 74th Academy Awards in Los Angeles are hosted by Whoopi Goldberg (2nd time), who opens dressed in feathers and dangling from the roof of the Kodiak Theatre on a gold swing; 248 films are eligible for consideration; the best picture Oscar for 2001 goes to A Beautiful Mind (starring the previous year's best actor winner Russell Crowe), along with best dir. to Ron Howard, and best supporting actress to Jennifer Connelly; Denzel Washington (1954-) and Halle Berry (1966-) make Oscar history by becoming the first African-Ams. to win simultaneous best actor and actress awards for Training Day and Monster's Ball, respectively; Berry becomes the first African-Am. best actress winner (until ?), and knows it, breaking the 45-sec. speech limit, going for over 4 min.; best supporting actor goes to Jim Broadbent for Iris; a new category, best animated feature is added, won by Shrek; efforts to lobby-in a best stunt coordinator award are still ineffective. On Mar. 25 a 6.1 earthquake in the Hindu Kush in Afghanistan kills 1K and leaves several thousand homeless; it was secretly caused by the U.S. using earthquake weapon technology? On Mar. 27 the U.S. McCain-Feingold Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 prohibits nat. political parties in the U.S. from accepting "soft money" (large, unlimited contributions), and raises the amount of "hard money" that individuals can contribute directly to federal candidates from $1K to $2K; the bill had been blocked in Congress in 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2001; on June 26, 2008 the U.S. Supreme Court by 5-4 strikes down the Millionaire Amendment. On Mar. 27 the Passover Massacre suicide bombing at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel by Hamas kills 30 and injures 140 Israeli civilians; on Mar. 28 after New York Times journalist (Jewish) Thomas Friedman (1953-) meets with Saudi crown pince Abdullah in Feb. and urges him to make peace, the 2002 Arab League Summit is held in Beirut, Lebanon; it is not attended by PLO leader Yasser Arafat because the Israelis keep him under house arrest in Ramallah; the Arab (Saudi) Peace Initiative is proposed, calling for normalizing relations between the Arab world and Israel after a complete withdrawal from the occupied territories incl. East Jerusalem, and a "just settlement" of the Palestinian refugee problem based on U.N. Resolution 194; too bad, Israeli PM Ariel Sharon calls it a "non-starter" because it would replace U.N. Resolutions 242 and 338, which call for bilateral negotiations, and the Palestinian Authority is split, and it hangs in the air until ?; on Mar. 29 never-forgiving Israel mounts Operation Defensive Wall (Shield) in the West Bank (ends May 3), arresting Palestinian leaders and imprisoning Yasser Arafat (whom they declare an enemy) in his Mukata Compound in Ramallah; an atrocity is alleged at the Jenin refugee camp; militants take over the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem; Arafat is released; meanwhile between Mar. 29 and Apr. 21 14 Muslim suicide bombers kill dozens of Israeli civilians and wound hundreds more; on Apr. 14 Marwan Barghouti is arrested for terrorism and murder, protesting his innocence and claiming that Israeli courts have no jurisdiction, and is convicted on May 20, 2004 of three terrorist attacks that killed five, receiving five life sentences plus 40 years, after which there are internat. calls for his release. In Mar. the All Dulles Area Muslim Society in Herndon, Va. is raided by federal agents, who find the "Grove Street Addresses" of 100 interlocking Muslim orgs. that they accuse of providing material support for terrorism; after the raid, the mosque's imam Mohammed Magid hosts a community meeting attended by extremists, which doesn't get him banned but actually invited to speak at Ronald Reagan's 2004 funeral; he later is pushed as an example of moderate Islam by the Obama admin. In Mar. the Davis-Besse Nuclear Reactor in Ohio comes close to a catastrophic meltdown due to corrosion problems; 430 nuclear reactors around the world supply about 16% of world electricity. In Mar. Pres. Bush asks Oprah Winfrey to head a delegation of feminists to Afghanistan to help women reenter society; she declines, citing her show schedule, causing the delegation to be cancelled. On Apr. 1 after becoming the first country to legalize same-sex marriage (2000), the Netherlands becomes the world's first country to legalize euthanasia; on May 16 Belgium becomes #2. On Apr. 2 Israel PM Arien Sharon calls for the exile of Yaser Arafat. On Apr. 2-May 10 the Siege of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem sees Israeli defense forces siege dozens of Palestinian militants after occupying Bethlehem as part of Operation Defensive Shield who hold the 200 monks hostage, finally giving up and being deported to the Gaza Strip and Europe. On Apr. 4 the Angolan govt. and UNITA rebels sign a ceasefire, ending 30 years of civil war. On Apr. 4 the FBI gives a judge a document which reveals "many connections" between a Saudi family and "individuals associated with the terrorist attacks on 9/11/2001", who own a house in Sarasota, Fla. visited by the hijackers, then gets it classified for nat. security reasons until 2013. On Apr. 11 the Internat. Criminal Court (ICC), created by the Rome Treaty of 1998 wins U.N. ratification, with the U.S. refusing to go along; on July 1 it opens its doors in The Hague to hear cases of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide; it only prosecutes Africans until ? On Apr. 11 a suicide bomber blallahs (detonates) a truck at a crowded synagogue on the island of Djerba, Tunisia, killing 18; the first terrorist attack since 9/11? On Apr. 12 Venezuelan pres. Hugo Chavez resigns after violent protests, and is succeeded by Pedro Carmona Estanga (1941-), but returns to power on Apr. 14. On Apr. 14 the world was supposed to end one-half second before midnight (Israel time), according to prophet Mike Keller. On Apr. 15 (Mon.) a Nat. Solidarity Rally for Israel is held in Washington, D.C., organized by Jewish leader Malcolm Hoenlein (1942-), and attended by thousands; Elie Wiesel utters the soundbyte: "There is no sacred cause that justifies suicide bombings." On Apr. 15 an Air China 767 crashes in a residential area near the airport in Pusan, South Korea in dense fog, killing 128 of 155 passengers and 11 crew. On Apr. 16 the U.S. Supreme Court by 6-3 rules that the 1996 U.S. Child Pornography Prevention Act is too broad, striking down two provisions and permitting computer-generated simulation of child sex by real adults or fictional children, with Anthony M. Kennedy writing the soundbyte: "Congress may pass valid laws to protect children from abuse, and it has. The prospect of crime, however, by itself does not justify laws suppressing protected speech"; the stark differences in philosophies between liberals and conservatives over victimless crime laws are laid bare with this as well as their revulsion at burning replicas of govt. flags owned by private citizens? On Apr. 17 two U.S. pilot drop a 500 lb. bomb near Kandahar, Afghanistan where Canadians are conducting a live fire exercise, killing four, becoming the first friendly fire deaths of Canadians in Afghanistan. On Apr. 18 the British High Court allows pharmacies to dispense the morning-after pill without a doctor's prescription. On Apr. 23 the "last year of the dark cycle, a time of returning negative karma" ends according to Elizabeth Clare Prophet. On Apr. 25 Russia launches Soyuz TM-34, carrying cosmonauts Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko (1962-), Roberto Vittori (1964-) of Italy, and white South African software millionaire Mark Richard Shuttleworth (1973-), who becomes the 2nd space tourist and 1st (white) African in space after he pays $20M for the privilege; on Oct. 30 Soyuz TMA-1 blasts off, carrying cosmonauts Sergei Viktorovich Zalyotin (1962-), Frank, Viscount De Winne (1961-) of Belgium (2nd Belgian in space), and Yuri Valentinovich Lonchakov (1965-); Soyuz TM-34 returns on Nov. 10 with Sergei Zalyotin, Frank De Winne, and Yuri Lonchakov; Soyuz TMA-1 returns next May 4 with Mikolai Budarin, Kenneth Bowersox, and Donald Pettit. On Apr. 26 Mexican-born Boston archbishop (since 1984) Cardinal Bernard Francis Law (1931-), under pressure to resign over the sexual abuse scandal rocking the U.S. Roman Catholic Church, reports that he is taking a position at the Vatican in June so he can avoid giving a deposition in a lawsuit against his archdiocese; on Dec. 13 he resigns; Law's aide Sister Catherine E. Mulkerrin (1936-2008) is instrumental in exposing the abuse- the more the Church changes, the more it says the same? It's April again, and the school rage shooters are back? On Apr. 26 19-y.-o. Robert Steinhauser (Steinhäuser) (b. 1982) shoots and kills 13 teachers, two students and a policeman before killing himself at the Gutenberg Gymnasium in Erfurt, Germany. On Apr. 29 U.S. Pres. Bush and Vice-pres. Cheney meet with the Sept. 11 Commission behind closed doors - ? In Apr. Dutch PM Wim Kok resigns after a report is released concluding that Dutch U.N. troops failed to prevent a massacre of Bosnian Muslims by Bosnian Serbs in a U.N. safe haven near Srebrenica in 1995, saying "The internat. community is big and anonymous. We are taking the consequences of the internat. community's failure in Srebrenica". In Apr. U.S. gen. Tommy Franks flies into Britain for top secret talks about an invasion of Iraq with defense secy. (1999-2005) Geoffrey William "Geoff" Hoon (1953-) 11 mo. before the real invasion, which doesn't become public until Oct. 2010. On May 5 tainted right-wing French pres. (since May 17, 1995) Jacques Rene Chirac (1932-) wins reelection in a landslide victory over far-right candidate Marion Anne Perrine "Marine" Le Pen (1968-) in France; the winning election slogan: "Vote for the Crook, not the Fascist"; Chirac survives an assassination attempt by far-right wannabe-Jackal student Maxime Brunerie on July 14 at the Paris Bastille Day Parade, who shoots at him; meanwhile his wife (since 1956) Bernadette Therese Marie Chirac (1933-) keeps asking her playboy hubby's chaffeur, "Where is he tonight?" On May 6 gay anti-Islamic anti-immigration right-wing populist Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn (b. 1948) is assassinated by animal rights activist Volkert van der Graaf nine days before nat. elections in which he was expected to lead one of the country's largest parties, becoming the first assassination in the Netherlands since 1672; Volkert is sentenced to 18 years in prison; on May 16 the Christian Dems. return to power in the Netherlands, with Jan Pieter (Peter) Balkenende Jr. (1956-) becoming PM on July 22 (until Oct. 14, 2010) and forming a coalition with Fortuyn's party and going on to form four cabinets. On May 6 Burmese dem. leader Aunt, er, Aung San Suu Kyi (1945-) is released from house arrest after 19 mo. by the repressive military-run govt. On May 6 fervent Christian Marc Ravalomanana (1949-) becomes pres. #4 of Madagascar (until ?). On May 7 a China Northern MD82 en route from Beijing crashes 20km (12.5 mi.) off the coast of Dalian, China, killing all 103 passengers and nine crew. On May 7 Muslim religious scholar Ghulam Murtaza Malik is killed along with his driver and a policeman in Iqbal, Lahore by two gunmen. On May 8 Brooklyn, N.Y.-born Puerto Rican descent Muslim convert Jose Padilla (Abdullah al-Muhajir) (1970-) is arrested in Chicago, Ill. and tdeclared an illegal enemy combatant on June 9 by Pres. Bush for allegedly aiding a radioactive dirty bomb attack on the U.S.; after pressure from civil liberties groups, that charge is dropped and he is transferred to a Miami, Fla. jail on criminal conspiracy charges; he is found guilty on Aug. 16, 2007 by a federal jury, then sentenced on Jan. 22, 2008 to 208 mo. (17 years 4 mo.) in priz, which is increased to 21 years. On May 9 the U.S. Dept. of Education reveals that more than half of U.S. high school seniors do not even have a basic grasp of their own country's history - somebody ought to write a better textbook? On May 10 UPS columnist Georgie Anne Geyer (1935-) pub. a column in the Chicago Tribune titled "Now Isn't the Time for Bush League Movies", claiming that Israeli PM Ariel Sharon told his cabinet "I control America", which is later proved to come from Palestinian press but otherwise unconfirmed, causing a CT retraction. On May 13 the U.S. and Russia sign a landmark START III Agreement to cut their nuclear arsenals by up to two-thirds over the next 10 years. On May 13 the presidents of Russia and Kazakhstan sign an agreement dividing three major Caspian Sea oil and natural gas fields. In May Mohammad Zahir Shah (1914-), former Pashtun king of Afghanistan who abdicated in 1973 returns from exile; meanwhile U.S.-backed interim leader Hamid Karzai (also a Pashtun) gains popular support, plus grudging acceptance from former Northern Alliance leaders, who are Tajik. On May 19 Ahmad Tejan Kabbah wins reelection as pres. of Sierra Leone in a landslide over Ernest Karoma. On May 20 East Timor (modern-day pop. 1.1M) gains independence from Indonesia, becoming a brand new nation; on May 23 the U.N. Security Council adopts Resolution 1414 without vote to admit East Timor. On May 20-30 U.S. treasury secy. Paul O'Neill and U2 singer Bono visit Africa together to tsk tsk about all the problems. On May 21 Australian scientists announce the first biologically-engineered instant wheat that doesn't have to be milled before being eaten. On May 21 Kashmiri leader Abdul Ghani Lone is assassinated. On May 21 FBI atty. Coleen Rowley writes a letter to the FBI dir. criticizing the FBI for thwarting anti-terrorist efforts. On May 25 a China Airlines Boeing 747 crashes into the Taiwan Strait, killing 225. On May 25 a train accident in Muama, Mozambique kills 192 and injures dozens. On May 26 Harvard-educated law-and-order candidate Alvaro Uribe Velez (1952-) is elected, and on Aug. 7 he is sworn-in as pres. #39 of Colombia (until Aug. 7, 2010); on leaving office he becomes vice-chmn. fo the U.N. panel investigating the Gaza Freedom Flotilla raid. On May 28 Russia does the formerly unthinkable and officially becomes NATO's ally as a "junior partner". In May U. of Wisc. student Lucas John "Luke" Helder (1981-) decides to plant pipe bombs in mailboxes across the U.S. in a smiley face shape, planting 18 bombs over 3.2K mi. in his black Honda Accord while wearing a Kurt Cobain t-shirt until he is caught; six are injured in in Neb., Colo., Tex., Ill., and Iowa; in Apr. 2004 he is found incompetent to stand trial and incarcerated in the Federal Medical Center in Rochester, Minn. In May Rosie O'Donnell gives up her daytime TV show (begun 1996), announcing that she's a lesbian and wants time to raise four children with her lez partner Kelli Carpenter - if you can imagine it, they'll create a TV show for it? On June 2 The Wire debuts on HBO for 60 episodes (until Mar. 9, 2008), created by police reporter David Simon and set in Baltimore, Md., portraying the drug scene through the eyes of the drug dealers and law enforcement, using unknown mainly black actors and real-life Baltimore figures for realism. On June 8 after winning elections handily, Amadou Toumani Toure (Touré) (1948-) becomes pres. of Mali (until Mar. 22, 2012). On June 8-July 2 the Hayman Fire devastates parts of the Colo. Front Range, destroying 138K acres, incl. 133 homes and 466 bldgs., and causing 8K to be evacuated; it misses Denver but fills the sky with smoke; U.S. Forest Service worker Terry Lynn Barton (1964-) is later convicted and spends six years in federal prison in Ft. Worth, Tex., claiming she was burning papers outlining a separation agreement with her ex in a campground fire ring and it sparked out of control. On June 11 ex-Beatle Paul McCartney (b. 1942) marries Heather Anne Mills (1968-) (an anti-mine vegetarian activist who lost part of her left leg in 1993 after being hit by a police motorbike) at Castle Leslie in Glaslough, Ireland; they separate on May 17, 2006, then divorce on Feb. 18, 2008. On June 11 (Tue.) American Idol, based on the British show "Pop Idol" debuts on Fox-TV for 555 episodes (until Apr. 7, 2016), going on to save sagging pop music sales and generate megabucks for its founders Simon Fuller (1960-) and Simon Philip Cowell (1959-); judges incl. Paula Julie Abdul (1962-) and Randy Darius Jackson (1956-); Ryan John Seacrest (1974-) becomes host in 2002; all the marketable stars are women until ?. On June 13 interim leader Hamid Karzai is elected pres. of Afghanistan (until ?). On June 13 the U.S. abandons its 31-y.-o. ABM treaty. On June 14 a Nat. Conference of U.S. Bishops recommends zero tolerance for priests who abuse children; on Oct. 18 the Vatican calls for them to soften their hard, sticky stand. On June 15 the Social Dems. retain power in the Czech Repub., and on July 15 Vladimir Spidla becomes PM of Czech. Repub. (untl Aug. 4, 2004). On June 15 Hollywood actors Charlie Sheen (1965-) and Denise Richards (1971-) marry; in Mar. 2005 after having son Sam J Sheen (2004-) she files for divorce while pregnant with his child Lola Rose Sheen (2005-), claiming he's still hot for hookers, then lures Richie Sambora of Bon Jovi away from Heather Locklear. One June 16 Israel is begun of the Fence, a 217-mile-long barrier between Israel and the West Bank. On June 20 the U.S. Supreme (Rehnquist) Court rules 6-3 in Atkins v. Va. that the U.S. Constitution bars the execution of mentally retarded (intellectually disabled) offenders, but permits states to define who is and is not intellectually disabled; Justice Antonin Scalia dissents, writing that it would not have been considered cruel and unusual punishment to execute a midly mentally retarded convict in 1791, and that the Court had failed to find any nat. consensus against the practice. On June 21-23 the first Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival is held in Manchester, Tenn. On June 24 the first sperm bank for lesbians is launched in the U.K. - baggies, not bags? On June 24 Pres. Bush delivers his Speech on the Israeli-Palestinian Settlement, calling for a democratic Palestinian state run by new leadership, anybody but Yasser Arafat, but only after they abandon terror and implement democratic reforms, causing First Lady Barbara Bush to refer to her hubby as the "first Jewish president"; it incl. the soundbyte: "It is untenable for Israeli citizens to live in terror. It is untenable for Palestinians to live in squalor and occupation. And the current situation offers no prospect that life will improve. Israeli citizens will continue to be victimized by terrorists, and so Israel will continue to defend herself. In the situation the Palestinian people will grow more and more miserable. My vision is two states, living side by side in peace and security. There is simply no way to achieve that peace until all parties fight terror. Yet, at this critical moment, if all parties will break with the past and set out on a new path, we can overcome the darkness with the light of hope. Peace requires a new and different Palestinian leadership, so that a Palestinian state can be born." On June 24 a train accident near Msagali, Tanzania kills 200. On June 26 a U.S. appeals court shocks the nation with a ruling that the Pledge of Allegiance cannot be recited in public schools because it contains the phrase "one nation under God". On June 27 former Pres. Clinton receives a multicolored bracelet as a gift from Colombian children, and vows to never take it off, to remind him "that the oldest democracy in Latin America now has 35% of its land under the control of narco-traffickers and terrorists"; during his Sept. 2004 heart surgery, doctors tape over it. On June 27 the U.S. Supreme (Rehnquist) Court rules 5-4 in Board of Education v. Earls that public schools may engage in random mandatory drug testing for students participating in extracurricular activities, extending the ruling in Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton (1995). On June 27 the U.S. Supreme (Rehnquist) Court rules 5-4 in Zelman v. Simmons-Harris that school tuition vouchers do not violate the Establishment Clause. In June Qwest CEO Joe Nacchio is fired, and Dick Notebaert (1948-) replaces him (until June, 2007), changing the slogan from "Ride the Light" to "Spirit of Service", and releasing it from bankruptcy, cutting its $26B debt in half. This summer is marked by extreme weather worldwide, incl. floods in Europe and Asia, and a widespread drought in the U.S., sparking massive wildfires in the Am. West; a week-long flood in Tex. causes Canyon Lake to spill over into the Guadalupe Valley, carving a new canyon in three days - giving Creationists a magic moment? On July 1 a Russian passenger airliner collides over S Germany with a Boeing 757 cargo plane, killing all 71 aboard both planes. On July 4 Egyptian-Am. Muslim limo driver Hesham Mohamed Hadayet (b. 1961) opens fire on two Israelis at an El Al ticket counter at LAX, killing them and wounding four others before a security guard kills him; the U.S. concludes that he did it to influence U.S. govt. policy in favor of the Palestinians, making him a terrorist. On July 5 Beantown's "Splendid Splinter" Ted Williams (b. 1918) dies; later it is revealed that his body was sent by his relatives to Alcor for cryonics storage. On July 9 the African Union (AU) (UA) is established as a successor to the Org. of African Unity (OAU), with 53 African member states incl. Libya; the HQ is in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In July an Iranian court gives Mohammed Khordadian a 10-year suspended prison sentence for dancing in public in Calif., and giving Iranian traditional dance lessons; the charge is "enticing and inciting the nation's youth to corruption"; TV footage had been sent to Iran, and his videos had been sold there. On July 10 the U.S. Congress votes to arm airline pilots. On July 20 Alex Sanchez becomes the first Mexican illegal immigrant granted political asylum in the U.S., after which he founds Homies Unidos to work to prevent violence in Latin Am. gangs; too bad, in June 2009 Sanchez is indicted on federal RICO charges after they accuse him of using the group as a cover, causing Latino groups to call it a frameup and govt. repression of pro-immigrant activists. On July 12 Pres. Bush announces the first U.S. budget deficit in four years. On July 12 Andy Breckman's comedy-drama mystery series Monk debuts on USA Network for 125 episodes (until Dec. 4, 2009), starring Anthony Marcus "Tony" Shaloub (1953-) as OCD-suffering ex-cop detective Adrian Monk in San Francisco, Calif., and ("Buffalo Bill in The Silence of the Lambs") Frank Theodore "Ted" Levine (1957-) as Capt. Leland Stottlemeyer; in seasons 1-3 Elizabeth Natalie "Bitty" Schram (1968-) plays Monk's asst. Sharona Fleming, followed by Traylor Elizabeth Howard (1966-) as Sharon Carter. On July 15 John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to avoid a death sentence. On July 16 the IRA issues an apology to the families of civilians killed during 30 years of violence in Northern Ireland. On July 21 WorldCom files the largest bankruptcy in U.S. history, declaring assets of $107B; on July 31 WorldCom execs Scott D. Sullivan (1962-) and David Myers (1958-) are charged with fraud for overstating revenue by $3.8B; on Mar. 15, 2005 CEO Bernard John "Bernie" Ebbers (1941-) is found guilty of orchestrating a record $11B fraud; Sullivan gets 5 years, and Myers gets a year and a day. On July 22 Denver, Colo.-born Muslim convert Earnest James Ujaama (James Thompson) (1966-) of Seattle, Wash. is arrested at his grandmother's home in Denver, Colo.; in Apr. 2003 he pleads guilty to conspiring to deliver computer software and cash to Taliban officials in Afghanistan, and receives two years in prison; he allegedly wanted to establish a terrorist training camp on a ranch near Bly, Oregon. On July 24 the U.N. Security Council adopts Resolution 1426 without vote to admit Switzerland. On July 25 after a July 10 speech by Pres. Bush on corporate malfeasance, Congress passes the U.S. Corporate Responsibility Act, defining stiff penalties for corporate execs who commit fraud; on July 30 Pres. Bush sign the U.S. Sarbanes-Oxley Act, requiring CEOs to personally certify their books, with a possible criminal penalty of 20 years in prison - that'll stop the problem, right Bernie Madoff? On July 27 Canadian-born Pakistani descent Muslim Omar Ahmed Khadr (1986-) is captured after a 4-hour firefight in Ayub Kheyl, Afghanistan after killing U.S. soldiers, becoming the youngest inmate at Gitmo, and getting latched onto by the U.N. and Western liberals as a child soldier, resulting in the Obama admin. accepting a plea bargain in Oct. 2010 that lets him walk in as little as a year. On July 28 nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset, Penn. are rescued after 77 hours underground. On July 30 Rwanda and Congo end their 4-y.-o. African World War (begun 1998) that involved the armies of six nations, after 2.5M are killed; Rwanda promises to withdraw its 35K troops from the Congolese border, and Congo agrees to disarm thousands of Hutu militiamen. On July 31 in Mexico City Pope John Paul II canonizes St. Juan Diego (1474-1548), the Church's first Indian saint. In July Luis Grass Rodriguez attempts to reach Fla. in a seagoing 1951 Chevy pickup, but is sent back to Cuba; he tries again next Feb. On Aug. 2 Taiwan Pres. Chen Shui-bian says that his country is separate from China, despite the latter's insistence that it will never be independent from the mainland. On Aug. 4 millionaire former pres. Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (1930-) again becomes pres. of poor landlocked Bolivia (until 2003). On Aug. 6 U.S. security experts speak at a panel hosted by the Nixon Center and the Center for Immigration studies, and claim that the millions of illegal Mexican aliens in the U.S. endanger nat. security by creating a demand for false ID documents and smuggling networks that could potentially assist terrorists. On Aug. 8 white farmers in Zimbabwe are ordered to leave their property so that dictator-pres. Robert Mugabwe can hand them to his black friends, who don't know how to run them, resulting in mass famine. On Aug. 9 Muslims throw a grenade into a chapel owned by a Christian hospital in Taxila in N Punjab (15 mi. W of Islamabad), Pakistan, killing four women, incl. two nurses and a paramedic, and wounding 25 men and women. On Aug. 9 Am. actor Charleston Heston announces that he is suffering from Alzheimer's and is retiring from public life; he dies in 2008 - Ben-Who? On Aug. 15 13 days after the Hollywood film Signs debuts in theaters the most elaborate crop circle yet is reported by Crabwood Farm House near Winchester, Hampshire, U.K., consisting of a picture of an extraterrestrial and what appears to be a CD-ROM with raised dots indicating "let's talk" type info.? On Aug. 15 thieves rob the Charles Dickens Museum in Bloomsbury in broad daylight, stealing first eds. of his work A Christmas Carol. On Aug. 17 a U.S. District Court rules that tobacco cos. can no longer use terms such as "low tar", "light", "ultra light", "mild" or "natural" beginning on Jan. 1, 2007. On Aug. 16 Palestinian terrorist (Fatah or Abu Nadal Org. founder) Abu Nidal (Sabri Khalil al-Banna) dies of 1-4 gunshot wounds, allegedly by suicide, but maybe by orders of Saddam Hussein. On Aug. 19 an Islamic appeal court in Nigeria approves a stoning sentence for Amina Lawal (1973-) for having extramarital sex, while the father of her child is not prosecuted, causing an internat. outcry, and several contestants to pull out of the Miss World beauty contest in Nigeria; on Sept. 23, 2003 her conviction is overturned after her lawyers argue that a 5-year interval between conception and pregnancy is possible. On Aug. 21 the cable TV Fine Living Network, owned by Scripps Network Interactive debuts (until May 31 2010), based in Los Angeles, Calif., moving in 2005 to Knoxville, Tenn. In Aug. an Iranian opposition group reveals the existence of an Iranian gas centrifuge uranium enrichment plant in Natanz, Iran; the Iranian govt. claims that they only want to build nuclear power plants over the next 20 years to give them 6GW of electric power. In Aug. a Muslim group in Denmark puts out a $30K bounty for the murder of several prominent Danish Jews; Denmark has 200K Muslim immigrants and only 6K Jews. On Sept. 5 a car bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan kills 30 and wounds 167. On Sept. 8 U.S. nat. security adviser Condoleezza Rice (1954-) tells Wolf Blitzer: "There will always be some uncertainty about how quickly he [Saddam Hussein] can acquire nuclear weapons, but we don't want the smoking gun to be a mushroom cloud"; on Sept. 10 she tells reporters that "We do know that [Saddam Hussein] is actively pursuing a nuclear weapon." On Sept. 9 scientifically-trained Driss Jettou (1945-) becomes PM of Morocco (until Sept. 19, 2007). On Sept. 11 the U.S. Congress meets in the restored Federal Hall in New York City to commemorate 9/11. On Sept. 12 Pres. Bush gives an Address to the U.N., hinting loudly that it's time for a regime change in Iraq. On Sept. 12 Tyco Internat. Corp. execs Leo Dennis Kozlowski (1946-) (CEO) and Mark H. Swartz (CFO) are indicted for a "cookie-jar reserve" stock fraud scheme. On Sept. 17 U.S. interior secy. Gale Norton is found guilty of four counts of civil contempt by a federal judge who held she committed "a fraud on the court" by withholding evidence in a dispute over trust accounts for Amerindians; she gets the ruling overturned on appeal. On Sept. 17 after an earlier version by Colin Powell's senior aide Richard Haass is rejected by Condoleezza Rice as not "bold" enough, U. of Va. prof. Philip D. Zelikow (1954-) releases Overview of U.S. Nat. Security Strategy Following 9/11; on Nov. 27 the Nat. Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) is set up "to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks", incl. responses and preparedness, comprised of five Dems. and five Repubs., chaired by N.J. gov. Thomas Kean (ends Aug. 21, 2004); Zelikow is appointed exec dir., uttering the soundbyte "Why should Iraq attack America or use nuclear weapons against us? I'll tell you what I think the real threat (is) and actually has been since 1990 - it's the threat against Israel." On Sept. 19 a military coup in Ivory Coast by former pres. Gen. Robert Guei fails, and Guei is killed, but fighting continues until next July. On Sept. 20 Joss Whedon's space Western Firefly debuts on Fox-TV for 14 episodes (until Dec. 20), set in the year 2517 after the renegade crew of Firefly-class spaceship Serenity arrive in a new star system; "Nine people looking into the blackness of space and seeing nine different things"; filmed in 2005 as "Serenity". On Sept. 22 Gov. Gray Davis of Calif. signs the first state law in the U.S. backing stem cell research, which the Bush admin. placed federal funding restrictions on in 2001 after caving-in to the Roman Catholic Church and evangelicals. On Sept. 24-25 the Akshardham Temple Attack in Gandhinagar in Gujarat state in W India sees the temple stormed by heavily armed Islamic terrorists, killing 29 and wounding 79 of 600 devotees, incl. 1 policeman and 1 commando. On Sept. 25 Muslim gunmen attack the Christian Inst. for Peace and Justice welfare org. in Karachi, Pakistan, killing six and injuring four. On Sept. 26 the police procedural drama series Without a Trace debuts on CBS-TV for 160 episodes (until May 19, 2009), about the Missing Persons Unit (MPU) of the FBI in New York City, starring Australian actor Anthony M. LaPaglia (1959-) as Jack Malone, and Australian actress Poppy Montgomery (Poppy Petal Emma Elizabeth Deveraux Donahue) (1972-) as Samantha Spade. On Sept. 30 a dockworker strike on the W coast of the U.S. over possible replacement by robots begins, bringing back shades of the Luddities. In Sept. Pres. Bush announces the Bush Doctrine of pre-emption in support of democracy - his ancestor George Washington rolls over in his grave? In Sept. the 1.1K-mi. Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan Pipeline through oil-rich trillionaire Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey begins. In Sept. Pres. Bush's top economic adviser Lawrence B. Lindsey shocks the press with the revelation that the cost of the Iraq War might reach $200B, causing other aides to rebuke him and Bush to fire him 3 mo. later and replace him on Dec. 12 with Stephen Friedman (1937-); by 2006 the war actually costs over $300B? On Oct. 1 the U.S. Northern Command is established at Peterson Air Force Base in Colo. Springs, Colo. to set a min. std. for U.S. military bases, with security levels ranging from normal to alpha to delta, being initially set at alpha. On Oct. 2 French oil tanker Limburg is attacked by al-Qaida with an explosives-laden boat in the Gulf of Aden, killing one sailor and causing the ship to spill 100K barrels of oil, causing the main Yemen port of Aden to be avoided by internat. shipping for several mo. On Oct. 2 after preliminary shootings on Feb. 16-Sept. 26, the Beltway (D.C.) Snipers, Baltimore, Md.-born U.S. Army vet (Nation of Islam convert) John Allen Muhammad (1960-2009) and his Muslim-convert "son", Kingston-Jamaica-born Am. teenager Lee Boyd (John Lee) Malvo (1985-) begin terrorizing the U.S. East Coast from their blue 1990 Chevrolet Caprice sedan, finally being arrested on Oct. 24 at a W Md. rest stop after killing 17 and injuring 10 in gas stations and parking lots with sniper rifles as part of a jihad; on May 23, 2006 Malvo testifies in a 2nd trial in Rockville, Md. that Muhammad had plans to used the $10M federal govt. ransom to set up a Canadian terrorist training camp for 140 homeless black kids, and planned to kill six random people a day for 30 days and then kill kids and pigs, er, police with explosives in Baltimore, then blow up the funeral of the police officer(s); after the Oct. 9 shooting of Dean Myers in Manassas, Va., Muhammad gets upset that the quota is not being met?; Malvo is sentenced to six consecutive life sentences without parole, and Muhammad to death; on Nov. 10, 2009 Muhammad is executed by lethal injection at Greensville Correctional Center in Va. On Oct. 2 the anti-war group Code Pink: Women for Peace is founded by Jodie Evans (1954-), who goes on to introduce Barack Obama to the liberal Hollyweird community that provides seed money for his pres. run. On Oct. 3 the case of John M.J. Madey v. Duke U. is decided by the U.S. Federal Circuit Court of Appeals, ending the 170-y.-o. practice of allowing scientists to freely borrow patented technologies for limited use in basic research not aimed at commercial use. On Oct. 6 British Conservative Party chair Theresa May gives a speech to a party conference in Bournemouth about rebuilding it. On Oct. 7 Pres. Bush requests the U.S. Senate to give him sweeping military authority to go after Sodamn Insane, saying "We know that Iraq and the al-Qaida terrorist network share a common enemy: the United States of America. We know that Iraq and al-Qaida have had high-level contacts that go back a decade"; he adds "We've learned that Iraq has trained al-Qaida members in bomb-making and poisons and deadly gasses.... Alliance with terrorists could allow the Iraqi regime to attack America without leaving any fingerprints." On Oct. 9 Vt. Sen. Bernie Sanders gives a Speech on Iraq on a nearly empty U.S. Senate floor, accurately predicting that a U.S. invasion "could be extremely expensive" and could result in "uninended consequences" incl. a civil war, takeover by Islamist extremists, and increased danger to Israel. On Oct. 9 after 12 years on death row, Rochester, Mich.-born Aileen Carol Wuornos (nee Pittman) (b. 1956), a prostitute who killed seven johns in 1989-90 and claimed self-defense becomes the 3rd woman to be executed in Fla., predicting that she will somehow come back?; filmed in 2003 as "Monster" starring Charlize Theron - the wuornos turns? On Oct. 9 the Dow Jones Industrial Avg. reaches its lowest point since 9/11, closing at 7,286.27, and trading as low as 7,181.47 the next day before beginning a slow climb back. On Oct. 10 U.S. Sen. (D-N.Y.) Hillary Clinton gives a speech on the Senate floor, with the soundbyte: "In the four years since the inspectors left, intelligence reports show that Saddam Hussein has worked to rebuild his chemical and biological weapons stock, his missile delivery capability, and his nuclear program. He has also given aid, comfort, and sanctuary to terrorists incl. Al Qaeda members, though there is apparently no evidence of his involvement in the terrible events of September 11, 2001. It is clear, however, that if left unchecked, Saddam Hussein will continue to increase his capacity to wage biological and chemical warfare, and will keep trying to develop nuclear weapons. Should he succeed in that endeavor, he could alter the political and security landscape of the Middle East, which as we know all too well affects American security." On Oct. 10 Anwar al-Awlaki (1971-2011) arrives in the U.S. on Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 35 from Riyadh, and is detained by U.S. authorities on a 2002 arrest warrant for passport fraud, but after the Saudis pull strings, Denver U.S. atty. David M. Gaouette gets the arrest warrant canceled, outraging the Joint Terrorism Task Force in San Diego, Calif., and he soon leaves the U.S. for Yemen, after which the U.S. loses track of him, and he goes radical, preaching the destruction of the infidel U.S.; in 2008 he issues a fatwa calling on Muslims to kill U.S. soldiers in Iraq, followed in Jan. 2009 by the manifesto "44 Ways to Support Jihad". On Oct. 11 the U.S. Senate votes 77-23 to pass the U.S. Iraq War Resolution, giving Pres. Bush sweeping authority to use military force in Iraq; he signs it on Oct. 16; her vote later comes back to haunt Hillary Clinton in the 2008 pres. campaign; Del. Dem. Sen. Joe Biden votes for the war and is present at the White House signing, later calling it a "mistake" - and this bird you cannot change, Lord knows, I cant change, bye, bye, baby it's been a sweet love? On Oct. 12 a bomb rocks two nightclubs in Kuta, Bali, killing 202, many of them foreign tourists, and injuring 209, becoming the 2nd terrorist attack since 9/11; it is later pinned on Islamic terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah, and on Nov. 8, 2008 Indonesia executes three for it. On Oct. 12 the first Freethought Day is celebrated in Sacramento in commemoration of the end of the Salem Witch Trials in 1692. On Oct. 14 the Northern Ireland govt. is suspended in protest of a suspected IRA spy ring. On Oct. 15 Paris-born former Am. ImClone exec Samuel D. "Sam" Waksal (1947-) (son of Holocaust survivor parents) pleads guilty to charges of fraud and perjury. On Oct. 15 a Soyuz-U carrying the E.S.A. Foton-M1 satellite explodes on launch in Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Arkhangelsk Oblast 500 mi. N of Moscow (120 mi. S of Arkhangelsk), killing one. On Oct. 16 North Korea admits to developing nukes, pissing-off da world. In Oct. 19-27 the Anaheim Angels ("Halos") (AL), mgr. Michael Lorri "Mike" Scioscia (1958-) (former catcher for the Dodgers) defeat the San Francisco Giants (NL), mgr. Johnnie B. "Dusty" Baker Jr. (1949-) by 4-3 in the 2002 (98th) World Series; first appearance for the Angels in 42 years; Baker becomes the 2nd black WS team mgr. (first 1992). On Oct. 21 the U.S. Sudan Peace Act, sponsored by Colo. rep. (R-Colo.) (1999-2009) Tom Tancredo (1945-) is passed 359-8 by the House of Reps. and unanimously by the Senate, saying "A viable, comprehensive, and internationally sponsored peace process, protected from manipulation, presents the best chance for a permanent resolution of the war, protection of human rights, and a self-sustaining Sudan"; in 2009 the U.S. aids South Sudanese independence with $1B in annual aid. On Oct. 23 dozens of Chechen rebels storm a theater in Moscow and take 800 hostages, holding them for days until an early morning raid by Russian special forces troops on Oct. 26 kills most of the rebels (41) plus 129 hostages. On Oct. 25 liberal U.S. Sen. (D-Minn.) (since Jan. 3, 1991) Paul David Wellstone (b. 1944) is killed in a plane crash in N Minn. 11 days before the election. On Oct. 27 despite worrying U.S. politicos, Henry Hyde (chmn. of the House Internat. Relations Committee) saying that "Castro, Chavez and Lula da Silva could constitute an axis of evil in the Americas", Luiz Inacio (Inácio) Lula da Silva (1945-) (AKA Lula) is elected to a 4-year term, and is sworn in next Jan. 1 (until Jan. 1, 2011), going on to become one of Time mag.s 100 most influential people in the world in 2010, leaving a legacy of Lulism On Oct. 28 (8:30 a.m.) a U. of Ariz. College of Nursing student kills three profs. and himself. On Oct. 29 in response to the 2000 U.S. pres. election hanging chad scandal, Pres. Bush signs the U.S. Help America Vote Act, which offers states money to get new voting machines in the hope of making counting votes easier. On Oct. 30 Mt. Etna erupts again. On Oct. 30 midlevel Am. pop stars Jessica Simpson (1980-) (a self-proclaimed virgin) and Nick Lachey (1973-) (98 Degrees) are married, and become Hollywood superstars on MTV's Newlyweds: Nick & Jessica for the next three seasons (Aug. 19, 2003 - Mar. 30, 2005) (41 episodes), chronicling their lives in a new Calif. home, and showing dippy-blonde Simpson confusing Chicken of the Sea brand tuna with, er, chicken, and refusing Buffalo wings because "I don't eat buffalo"; they announce their separation on Nov. 23, 2005 right after the Dec.-Jan. issue of Teen People, in which they deny breakup rumors, and the Oct. 17 issue of US Weekly, which carries the headline "Split!", with the soundbyte "This is the mutual decision of two people with an enormous amount of respect and admiration for each other." In Oct. a Roman Catholic-Protestant admin. for Northern Ireland falls apart after exposure of longtime Sinn Fein official Denis Martin Donaldson (1950-2006) as a spy on the payroll of the British secret service. In Oct. liberal R.I. Sen. (1999-2007) Lincoln Davenport Chafee (1953-) (pr. CHAY-fee) becomes the only Repub. senator to vote against the Bush admin.; he later endorses Barack Obama's use of force in Iraq. In Oct. the Portland Seven terrorist ring of Muslims is arrested by the FBI before they can join al-Qaida in Afghanistan. In Oct. a Nat. Intelligence Estimate provided to Pres. Bush by the State Dept. says that "Baghdad has chemical and biological weapons as well as missiles with ranges in excess of U.N. restrictions", and that "Most agencies assess that Baghdad started reconstituting its nuclear program about the time inspectors departed - Dec. 1998"; "If left unchecked, it probably will have a nuclear weapon during this decade"; also, Iraq has "expanded its chemical and biological infrastructure under the cover of civilian production", and renewed production of mustard and sarin gas, and that Iraqi missiles might threaten the "U.S. homeland". On Nov. 1 federal judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly hands the monopolistic Microsoft Corp. an enormous victory, endorsing nearly all of its antitrust settlement with the Justice Dept. and rejecting harsher penalties sought by nine states, leaving the monopoly free to fester - creating a Dark Ages for the software industry, which is why TLW quit? On Nov. 4 the CIA kills six Al-Qaida members in Yemen. On Nov. 5 the 2002 U.S. Midterm Election gives the Repubs. control of both houses of Congress, reversing a trend going back to 1952 for the party of 1st-term presidents to lose seats in Congress in the midterm election. On Nov. 6 the clergy-controlled Iranian govt. arrests Hashem Aghajari and sentences him to death for preaching a Muslim form of Protestantism and Humanism - too late for a Luther in that hole? On Nov. 8 the U.N. Security Council unanimously approves Resolution 1441, ordering Saddam Hussein to surrender all WMD and permit U.N. weapons inspectors or face "serious consequences" incl. war; on Nov. 9 the Pentagon announces that it is planning to send a force of up to 250K troops to Iraq; the Iraqi Parliament unanimously rejects the resolution on Nov. 12, but reverses itself and accepts the U.N. resolution on Nov. 13, permitting weapons inspectors into the country on Nov. 18. On Nov. 10 the the Fox Network TV series Futurama debuts the episode Crimes of the Hot, spoofing the topic of global warming, featuring guest star Al Gore as his own preserved head in a jar; despite how ridiculous it makes the subject, the environmentalists take it seriously, nominating it for an Environmental Media Award, and losing to the "I Never Promised You an Organic Garden" episode of King of the Hill; Gore's daughter Kristin is one of the writers. On Nov. 11 a Cuban An-2 aircraft is hijacked to Key West, Fla. On Nov. 12 a sudden rash of tornadoes kills dozens in at least six U.S. states. On Nov. 13 U.N. secy.-gen. Kofi Annan gives a speech at the U. of Md., denouncing Israel for expropriating Arab land, denouncing Israel for expropriating Arab land and calling for it to give up nearly all of the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967 and live side-by-side with a fairy tale peaceful Palestinian state; on the same day prominent Israeli rabbi Rav Leor says that Jewish law supports the annihilation of all non-Jews in Israel; on the same day Egyptian pres. Hosni Mubarak calls for the U.N. to require Israel as well as Iraq to surrender all WMDs and submit to U.N. weapons inspection. On Nov. 14 Jiang Zemin retires as Chinese gen. secy., and on Nov. 15 Hu Jintao (1942-) is appointed gen. secy. of the Communist Party of China (until ?); some believe he will be the one to bring political liberty to darkest China, but instead he turns out to be more authoritarian than Jiang Zemin? On Nov. 19 the Transportation Security Admin. (TSA) takes over airport screening in the U.S.; by the end of 2005 it confiscates more than 30M prohibited items from carry-on bags, almost all of them irrelevant? On Nov. 20 pop superstar Michael Jackson (1958-2009) briefly dangles his newborn son Prince Michael II (AKA Blanket) over a 4th-story balcony railing in his hotel room in the Hotel Adlon Berlin with one arm, playing into the hands of the media, causing him to apologize, calling it "a terrible mistake". On Nov. 20-23 Muslim-Christian riots rock Nigeria after the Miss World beauty pageant moves from Abuja, Nigeria to London, and Lagos newspaper This Day suggests that the prophet Muhammad would have approved of it, causing it to deny responsibility. On Nov. 22 the U.S. EPA relaxes the U.S. Clean Air Act. On Nov. 23 the blog Metaphysical Elders is founded, launching the Mormon Blogosphere, incl. Inquiry (Aug. 19, 2003), Mormon Momma (Jan. 1, 2003), and Times & Seasons: An Onymous Mormon Blog, founded in 2003 by Nathan Bryan "Nate" Oman (1975-), who becomes known as "the Godfather of the Mormon Bloggernacle" after Kaimi Wenger pub. "The Nameless Mormon Blogosphere" on Mar. 23, 2004, causing Christopher Bradford to suggest the name "Bloggernacle". On Nov. 25 Pres. Bush signs the U.S. Homeland Security Act, establishing the U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS) with 170K employees consolidated from 22 federal agencies, and a $40B budget, headed by dir. #1 Thomas Joseph "Tom" Ridge (1945-) (Jan. 24, 2003 to Feb. 1, 2005), a monumental reorg. of the U.S. govt. that has Christian Millennium Feverists tsk-tsking; the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) is changed to the more PC U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). On Nov. 27 Saddam Hussein relents under a U.N. threat of "serious consequences" and allows U.N. weapons experts back into Iraq. On Nov. 28 a suicide bomber destroys an Israeli-owned hotel in Mombasa, Kenya, killing 13, becoming the 3rd terrorist attack since 9/11. On Nov. 30 Toronto-born child Jeffrey Baldwin (b. 1997) dies of septic shock after years of mistreatment by his grandparents Elva Bottineau and Norman Kidman, who had been given custody after his parents were accused of abuse, causing a change in Canadian child custody laws. In Nov. two SA-7 shoulder-fired heat-seeking missiles narrowly miss an Israeli passenger jet after takeoff from Mombasa, Kenya, stirring fears that pump up the U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security's Counter-Man Portable Air Defense Systems program, based on a laser mounted on planes that can disrupt the seeker sensor. In Nov. Pope John Paul II declares 16th cent. martyr Thomas More (1478-1535) of England the patron saint of politicians for sticking to Catholicism and not bowing to attempts to make him kiss heretical king Henry VIII's fat butt. In Nov. the first cases of the killer pneumonia virus SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) surface in Guangdong Province, China, but officials cover it up for months before it infects 8,098 in 26 countries, killing 774, then mysteriously dies out by the end of 2003; in 2005 the Chinese horseshoe bat is identified as the carrier of the coronavirus family; bats also carry the Nipah and Hendra viruses, which cause encephalitis and respiratory disease; the Chinese mag. Caijing (founded 1998) pushes the govt. into action by aggressive reporting; too bad, founder Hu Shuli departs in Nov. 2009. In Nov. the 12K-delegate World Summit on the Information Society in Tunisia adjourns after failing to wrest control of the Internet from U.S.-based private ICANN (Internet Corp. for Assigned Names and Numbers) (established 1988); they agree to meet next year. In Nov. Iranian student activist Amir-Abbas Fakhravar (1975-) is sentenced to eight years in notorious Evin Prison for pub. the article "This Place Is Not A Ditch", which criticizes Ayatollah Khameini; after years of white torture he is freed and arrives in the U.S. from Dubai in Apr. 2006, meeting with Pres. Bush et al.; his friends inside and outside Iran go on to lead the 2009 Iranian demonstrations. On Dec. 1 Worlds AIDS Day raises awareness that 40M people around the world are infected with AIDS (HIV), of which 5M new cases were reported in the past year; 3.1M died in the past year. On Dec. 2 noted Welsh-born gay-friendly bearded poet Rowan Douglas Williams (1950-) becomes archbishop #104 of Canterbury, England (until Dec. 31, 2012), his intellectual credentials contrasting with the working-class background of his predecessor George Carey in an obvious attempt to keep some intellectuals in the Anglican Church; he is pro-life but against teaching creationism in schools. On Dec. 5 incoming Senate majority leader Chester Trent Lott Sr. (1941-) spoils the party for the Repubs. by putting his foot in his mouth with racist comments at the 100th birthday celebration of J. Strom Thurmond that the U.S. "wouldn't have had all these problems over the years" if he had won the 1948 pres. election (he was a segregationist at the time); on Dec. 20 after the PC police come out in force, he resigns as majority leader; the remarks are first reported by a blogger on the Internet, scooping the major media; Thurmond's retirement speech incl. the immortal soundbyte: "I love all of you, and especially your wives"; on Dec. 23 Tenn. surgeon Bill Frist(1952-) is unanimously elected as the new Repub. Senate majority leader, taking office on Jan. 3 (until Jan. 3, 2007). On Dec. 6 10 Palestinians, incl. two U.N. employees are killed by Israeli forces in a Gaza Strip refugee camp as they search for a fugitive militant. On Dec. 6 the animated series Codename: Kids Next Door, created by Tom Warburton debuts on Cartoon Network for 78 episodes (until Jan. 21, 2008), about five kids (Numbuh 1, Numbuh 2, etc.) operating from a hi-tech treehouse fighting bad guys with advanced 2x4 technology. On Dec. 9 United Airlines files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, becoming the largest-ever by an airline (until ?) - it's time to fly? On Dec. 20, 2002 as a reaction to the Taliban's destruction of Buddha statues in Bamiyan, Afghanistan in 2001 the 57th Session of the U.N. Gen. Assembly adopts U.N. Gen. Assembly Resolution 57/249, proclaiming the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development, to be held each May 21 to promote diversity and harmonious living. On Dec. 22 PM (since 1992) Janez Drnovsek (1950-2008) becomes pres. #2 of Slovenia (until Dec. 23, 2007). On Dec. 25 authorities launch a massive search for La Loma, Calif. resident Laci Denise Peterson (nee Rocha) (b. 1975), an 8-mo.-pregnant woman who disappeared while allegedly walking her dog in N Calif. on Christmas Eve. On Dec. 27 the U.S.-backed Gas Pipeline Framework Agreement to build a $7.6B natural gas pipeline from Turkmenistan through S Afghanistan into Pakistan and India is signed by Turkmenistan and Afghanistan; too bad, the Taliban takes over S Afghanistan, causing the plan to be stalled. On Dec. 29 after an indecisive election, Natasa Micic (1965-) of the Dem. Party of Serbia becomes acting pres. of Serbia (until Jan. 27, 2004), going on to renege on calling another election within 60 days, then using the assassination of Zoran Dindic on Mar. 12, 2003 as an excuse to declare a state of emergency until May, then stalling until the next Feb. - you had me at indecisive? On Dec. 30 after a landslide V (62%), former vice-pres. (1978-88) Mwai Kibaki (Emilio Stanley) (1931-), 1991 founder of the Dem. Party (DP), who affiliated with several other parties to form the Nat. Alliance Party of Kenya (NAK), then allies that with the Liberal Dem. Party (DP) to form the Nat. Rainbow Coalition (NARC) becomes pres. #3 of Kenya (until Apr. 9, 2013). In Dec. Egyptian diplomat Osama Al-Baz (1930-2013) responds to the Egyptian TV series Horseman without a Horse by pub. a series of articles in Al Ahram denouncing anti-Semitism. In Dec. former Green Beret bodyguard-nurse Ted Maher (1958-) is sentenced to 10 years in Monaco for causing the fire and smoke-inhalation death on Dec. 3, 1999 in his Monaco penthouse apt. of billionaire Syrian Brazilian Jewish banker Edmond Safra (1932-99), who had Parkinson's disease, claiming he only set a small fire in a wastebasket so it would trigger the alarm and he could rescue to score browning points with him; he is convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison; Safra's widow Lily inherits $4B; on Jan. 22, 2003 Maher escapes and is captured in Nice in seven hours, and tried in 2005 on escape charges, receiving 9 more mo.; in Oct. 2007 he is released after serving eight years. After Pres. Bush becomes the first Repub. pres. in decades to focus on education (his librarian wife Laura pushing him on?), and promising to fight the "soft bigotry of low expectations", the U.S. Education Reform (No Child Left Behind) Act is passed by Congress, mandating annual nat. testing of students in grades 3-8 in reading and math on a single standardized test starting in the 2005-6 school year, setting a 12-year timetable for closing the chronic gaps among students of different racial and socioeconomic backgrounds, and increasing funding for schools in poverty areas; in practice nobody improves scores and nothing is achieved but waste of time and money? Pres. Bush signs a 10-year $173.5B farm bill, AKA The Great Pig-Out which lavishes taxpayer subsidies on wealthy growers in S.D., Iowa, Mo. et al.; since 1995 more than two-thirds of subsidies go to 10% of farms; next year 129 farms each receive a subsidy of over $1M, while the bottom 80% of farms receive an avg. of $1,789. The center-right Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) party is founded in France by merging the Gaullist-conservative Rally for the Repub., the conservative-liberal Liberal Dem. Party, the Christian Dems. of the centrist Union for French Democracy (UDF), the liberal Radical Party, and the centrist Popular Party for French Democracy, combining the four major French political traditions. After motorized drills proliferate, causing the water table to drop too far, Yemen outlaws them, which only causes them to proliferate more. Pakistan-born scientist Ashraf Choudhary (1949-) of the Labour Party becomes the first Muslim MP in New Zealand (until ?). The term "freedom deficit" is coined by a group of Arab scholars for the 2002 UNDP Arab Human Development Report. The New York Times pub. a 2K-page U.S. Army Report on POW Torture and Abuse at Bagram Prison (AKA Bagram Collection Point) in Afghanistan, detailing the beating deaths of two civilian Afghan POWs in 2002; seven soldiers are charged. Harvard U. economist Jeffrey David Sachs (1954-) becomes dir. (until 2006) of the U.N. Millennium Project Development Goals, which consists of eight internat.-sanctioned objectives to reduce extreme poverty, hunger, and disease by 2015. The Nigerian Email Scam (419 Fraud) flourishes during this decade, bringing in $950M in 2006 alone, with the scammer "yahoozies" calling the stupid white American marks "mugus" (big fools); the Yahoozee Song becomes a Nigerian hit; it takes until Oct. 2009 for Project Eagle Claw in Nigeria to actually shut down Web sites and make arrests; after all, by then nobody is biting? The U.S. Senate approves the storage of radioactive waste inside Nevada's Yucca Mountain Site, which is slated to open in 2010. The CIA establishes a secret prison at Stare Kiejkuty 180km N of Warsaw, Poland (until 2005), allegedly torturing prisoners. The European Brain Council (EBC) is founded in Brussels, Belgium. The biennial Fischer Black Prize is established for the best contributions to the theory and practice of finance by an economist under age 40; the first award goes to Indian-born Raghuram Govinda Rajan (1963-) in 2003. The Inst. for the Study of Labor in Bonn, Germany awards the first IZA Prize in Labor Economics to Polish-born Am. economist Jacob Mincer (1922-2006) of Columbia U.; in 2010 it awards the prize to Francine Dee Blau (1946-) of Cornell U. (first woman). Thanks to the Internet, the percentage of U.S. mothers of infants who work outside the home drops to 55% from a record 59% in 1998, becoming the first decline since 1976. Billionaire Marvin Davis attempts to buy the assets of Vivendi Universal, incl. Universal Studios for $15B, but the offer is rejected. Walt Disney Co., owner of ABC courts David Letterman to move his late night show from CBS, replacing their Nightline, but he declines out of respect for the professionalism of back-stabbed Ted Koppel (1940-), known for his interviews with Miss Piggy? Lisa Marie Presley has a 108-day marriage to actor Nicolas Cage; her first hubby was bass player Danny Keough (1988), with whom she had two children; #2 was Michael Jackson (1994-6); she aborted an engagement to Hawaiian musician John Oszajca in ?. After actor Jon Voight and his estranged daughter Angelina Jolie (who blames him for cheating on her mother Marcheline Bertrand) had been reconciled for 2 years, he blows it by telling a TV interviewer that she has "serious emotional problems"; she legally drops her surname Voight. The first No Pants Day is held in New York City, where particpants take off their pants in a subway car and try to act normal. Israel was supposed to be nuked sometime this year, according to Net Prophet Sollog. Indian American Muslim Council (IAMC) (originally the Indian Muslim Council - USA) is founded in the U.S. The Nat. Iranian-Am. Council is founded in Washington, D.C. by Iranian-born Zoroastrian Trita Parsi (1974-). America West pilots Thomas Cloyd and Christopher Hughes are arrested for operating a jetliner while intoxicated; on July 21, 2005 Hughes receives 2.5 years and a $5K fine, plus 1.5 years of community service. The Colombian Regulation and Risk Assessment Committee (CRER) is established to investigate threats to journalists and others from drug cartels. The 2002 Arab Human Development Report is pub., caliming that only about 300 books are trans. each year into Arab for 400M people; in 2010 it's still only 3K. An epidemic of coral bleaching caused by high sea temps hits the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. The Hessell-Tiltman Prize is established by the English PEN for the best work of nonfiction history for the period up to and incl. WWII, with lit. merit more important than academic value; the first award goes to Margaret Olwen MacMillan (1943-) for Peacemakers: The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 and Its Attempt to End War (Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World) (2001). The Russian Tea Room in New York City (founded 1927) closes on July 28 after declaring bankruptcy; it reopens on Nov. 1, 2006. Am. photographer Richard Avedon (1923-2004) is proclaimed "world's most famous photographer" by The New York Times. After Will Young wins the British show Pop Idol, American Idol, created by Simon Fuller debuts on Fox TV network, making "mean" British judge Simon Phillip "Utterly Horrendous" Cowell (1959-) a zillionaire, and launches the singing career of first winner Kelly Brianne Clarkson (1982-) of Tex.; Justin Guarini (Justin Eldrin Bell) (1978-) is runner-up. The Sound of Music is first shown on TV in Austria; it has never been shown in theaters there; it is performed on stage in 2005. A 1933 U.S. Double Eagle coin is auctioned off by Sotheby's for $7.59M, the highest price ever paid for a coin; believed to have once been owned by King Farouk of Egypt, the dealer is forced to split the proceeds with the U.S. Mint. The CIA sends a veteran officer to assist the NYPD in setting up spying programs on Muslims, which later pisses-off the Muslim community. As a response to g, U.S. Navy ships begin flying flags with the 17th cent. motto "Don't Tread on Me". The original 76-y.-o. Hass avocado plant (planted in 1926) dies in La Havre Heights, Calif. Restaurant mag. is founded in the U.K. by William Reed Business Media (until ?), reaching a circ. of 16.6K in 2011-12, becoming known for its annual World's 50 Best Restaurants list, based on the votes of 837 experts; the top restaurant (2002-6, 2009) is elBulli (French bulldogs) in Roses, Catalonia, Spain (founded 1961; closes on July 30, 2011), followed by in 2010-11, 2012, 2014 by Noma (Danish "nordisk" + "mad" = Nordic food) in Copenhagen, Denmark, founded in 2003 by Copenhagen-born chef Rene (René) Redzepi (1977-) and Nykobing Falster-born chef Claus Meyer (1963-), who together in 2004 found New Nordic (Danish) Cuisine. Joseph Frederick is suspended from his high school in Juneau, Alaska for 10 days for displaying a banner reading "Bong Hits 4 Jesus" across the street from the school as the Winter Olympics torch relay passes, causing him to sue for violating his free speech rights; after the case makes it to the U.S. Supreme Court, and U.S. Dept. of Justice atty. Edwin Kneedler backs the gestapo, er, school principal Deborah More and school suptd. Peggy Cowan, the latter saying that "This is an important question about how the First Amendment applies to pro-drug messages in an educational setting" (setting?), the court rules ?-? that ?. The first annual Tribeca Film Festival, founded in response to 9/11 by actor Robert De Niro, his producer Jane Rosenthal, and her hubby Craig Hatkoff opens in the neighborhood N of the WTC, featuring heartwarming comedies incl. About a Boy; by 2006 it takes on 9/11 itself, starting with United 93, then moves to post-9/11 issues incl. Iraq and Afghanistan; in 2009 it moves to Doha, Qatar. Kyrgyzstan permits the U.S. to build a large airbase outside the capital city of Bishkek (formerly Frunze). The New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society begins managing the S Mondulkiri province of Cambodia, formerly home of the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and by 2007 brings back 42 threatened species in the new Seima Biodiversity Conservation Area, incl. the black-shanked douc, gaur horned cattle, muntjac deer, banteng ox, wild pig, tigers, elephants, ibises, vultures, eagles, Germain's peacock-pheasants, and hornbills. Am. "sexiest astrophysicist alive" Neil deGrasse Tyson coins the term "Manhattanhenge" to describe the two days each year (May 28, July 12/13) in which the evening sun aligns with the E-W cross streets of Manhattan. John McCain of Ariz. becomes the first U.S. Sen. to host Saturday Night Live. This is That Productions is founded in New York City by Anne Caey, Ted Hope, and Diana Victor, going on to release 16 films in its first sisx years, incl. "Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind" (2004). N.D. becomes the 50th U.S. state to produce its own wine. The last Camaro Z28 rolls off the assembly line, a bright rally red convertible. True Religion Brand Jeans debuts in Los Angeles, Calif. in the winter, becoming a hit with Hollyweird stars; by 2010 it has 900 boutiques and stores in 50 countries. Green Flash Brewing Co. is founded in Vista, Calif. by Mike and Lisa Hinkley to specialize in India Pale Ales, hiring brewmaster Chuck Silva in 2004 and moving in June 2011 to San Diego, Calif., expanding in Mar. 2013 to Virginia Beach, Va., producing 100K barrels/year, becoming the 41st largest craft brewery in the U.S. Two Buck Chuck (Charles Shaw brand) Calif. wines are introduced by Trader Joe's grocery stores in Calif. at $1.99/bottle, going on to sell 800M bottles. Sports: On Jan. 6 (final game of the 2001 season) Giants defensive end (#92) (1993-2007) Michael Anthony Strahan (1971-) gets a half-sack on Green Bay Packers QB Brett Favre for a season record 22.5 sacks (until ?); too bad, many believe that Favre laid down for his friend with the Packers ahead by nine points, haunting him for life? On Feb. 8-24 the XIX (19th) Winter Olympic Games are held in Salt Lake City, Utah, with 2,399 athletes (1,513 men, 886 women) from 78 nations competing in 78 events in seven sports; the U.S. wins a record 34 medals, and Germany a record 35; the indoor Peaks Ice Arena in Provo, Utah is used as an ice hockey practice venue; Canada, led by half-white half-black Jarome Athur-Leigh Adekunle Tig Junior Elvis Iginla (Yoruba "big tree") (1977-) wins the men's hockey gold medal, followed by the U.S., Russia and Sweden (tie); Iginla joins the Dallas Stars in 1995, becoming capt. of the Calgary Flames, setting a team record for goals, points, and games played, scoring 50 goals in two separate seasons, and 30 goals in 11 straight seasons; on Feb. 19 Ala.-born U.S. bobsledder Vonetta Flowers (1973-) becomes the first black athlete to win a gold medal at a Winter Olympic Games; Seattle-born short-track speedskater Apolo Anton Ohno (1982-) wins gold in the 1.5Km when judges disqualify South Korean Dong-Sung Kim; America's most popular figure skater Michelle Kwan (1980-) ends up with a silver behind surprise winner Sarah Elizabeth Hughes (1985-) of the U.S. - first Tara, then Sarah? On Feb. 17 the 2002 (44th) Daytona 500 is won by John Edward "Ward" Burton III (1961-), brother of Jeff Burton; rookie Jimmie Johnson wins the pole, and fellow rookie Kevin Harvick qualifies 2nd, becoming the first time the field is led by two rookies; the last race for Dave Marcis. On Feb. 25 Venus Williams (1980-) becomes the first black U.S. pro tennis player to be ranked #1 since Arthur Ashe in 1975. On Apr. 1 Maryland U. defeats Indiana U. 64-52 to win the NCAA basketball championship. On May 26 Helio Castroneves (1975-) of Brazil wins the 2002 (86th) Indianapolis 500, his 2nd straight win, first time since Al Unser in 1971. On June 2 the Sacramento Kings lose 112-106 to the Los Angeles Lakers in OT of Game 7 of the Western Conference finals, becoming the best season Sacramento fans have seen to date. On June 4-13 the 2002 Stanley Cup Finals see the Detroit Red Wings defeat the Carolina Hurricanes 4-1; MVP is 6'1" Swedish-born defenceman Erik Nicklas Lidström (1970-), becoming the first European player named playoffs MVP. On June 5-12 the 2002 NBA Finals sees the Los Angeles Lakers (coach Phil Jackson) defeat the New Jersey Nets (coach Byron Scott) by 4-0; Shaquille O'Neal of the Lakers is MVP. On June 8 the Mike Tyson-Lennox Lewis Bout in Memphis, Tenn. sees Tyson KOd in round 8 in front of a bevy of gay-lesbian Tyson fans. On June 26 7'6" Yao Ming (1980-), who played for the Shanghai Sharks for five seasons (MVP of the Chinese Basketball Assoc. in 2000-1 and played center for the Chinese Nat. Team at the FIBA World Championships is drafted by the Houston Rockets of the NBA, coming to Houston in Oct., becoming the first #1 overall pick to never college ball in the U.S. On Aug. 9 outfielder Barry Lamar Bonds (1964-) of the San Francisco Giants hits his 600th homer, becoming the 4th player in ML history to do it (Hank Aaron was the last in 1971). On Sept. 8 the "Texas Super Bowl" (Paul Tagliabue) sees the new NFL Houston Texans defeat the Dallas Cowboys 19-10, becoming the 2nd expansion team to start 1-0 after the 1961 Vikings (against the Bears). On Sept. 11 all ML baseball ballparks observe a moment of silence to honor the victims of 9/11; starting this year the patriotic song "God Bless America" is performed at ML All-Star Games and playoff games, as well as Opening Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, and Sept. 11. On Nov. 25 New York City-born Yale U. grad Theo Nathaniel Epstein (1973-) becomes the youngest GM in MLB history when he is hired by the Boston Red Sox at age 28, going on to help them win their first WS championship in 86 years in 2004, and another in 2007; on Oct. 21, 2011 he becomes pres. of the Chicago Cubs, who win their first WS championship in 108 years in 2016, causing him to be picked #1 for Fortune mag.'s 2017 World's Greatest Leaders List. The 17th FIFA World Cup of Soccer. Pratyush Buddiga (1989-) wins the 74th Scripps Nat. Spelling Bee with "prospicience" (foresight), becoming the 7th winner from Colo. Se Ri Pak (1977-) of South Korea becomes the youngest woman to win four golf majors. After the New York Yankees defeat them in the 2001 postseason, and they lose star players Johnny Damon, Jason Giambi, and Jason Isringhausen to free agency, Oakland Athletics gen. mgr. (since 1998) William Lamar "Billy" Beane III (1962-) tries the new Sabermetrics (coined by Bill James after the Society for Am. Baseball Research) approach to player scouting, which selects them based on on-base percentage (OBP) rather than scout evaluations, hiring submarine pitcher Chad Bradford, aging outfielder David Justice, and injured 1B player Scott Hatteberg, trading away Carlos Pena to make room for him; after winning 19 in a row, they lead the Kansas City Royals by 11-0 after inning 3, only to see them tie the score at 11-11 until Hatteberg homers, making it 20 in a row; too bad, after sweeping the Minnesota Twins in the playoffs, they are swept by the Detroit Tigers in the AL Championship Series, but the other ML teams see the light and scramble to adopt his system, causing the Boston Red Sox to offer him a record $12.5M salary to become their gen. mgr., which he turns down, after which the Red Sox wins the 2004 World Series; the A's reach the playoffs 5x in eight seasons, with winning records each year. Architecture: 9/11 or no 9/11, they're not taking away Yankee football? On May 11 $325M Gillette Stadium in Foxborough (near Boston), Mass. opens on May 11 as the new home of the NFL New England Patriots; on July 28 $430M Qwest Field in Seattle, Wash. opens as the new home of the NFL Seattle Seahawks; in June 2011 it becomes CenturyLink Field; on Aug. 24 $352M Reliant Stadium in Houston, Tex. opens as the new home of the NFL Houston Texans; on Mar. 19, 2014 it is renamed the NRG Stadium after Reliant Energy's parent co. NRG Energy; on Aug. 24 $500M Ford Field in Detroit, Mich. opens as the new home of the NFL Detroit Lions. On Nov. 6 the 3m-tall bronze Rainman (L'Uomo della Pioggia) Fountain debuts in Florence, Italy for the Florence Social Forum, designed by artist Jean-Michel Folon; too bad, its location on a roundabout in front of Obihall Theater makes it a target for motorists, and it is damaged in 2015 and 2017. The 1,503-ft.-long 315-ft.-high 23-ft.-wide arch Alqueva Dam in S Portugal (begun 1995) is completed, damming the Guadiana River and creating the largest reservoir in W Europe (97 sq. mi.); it reaches full level in 2010. Nobel Prizes: Peace: James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr. (1924-) (U.S.) [for his work "to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"]; Lit.: Imre Kertesz (Kertész) (1929-) (Hungary); Physics: Raymond Davis Jr. (1914-2006) (U.S.) and Masatoshi Koshiba (1926-) (Japan) [detection of cosmic neutrinos], and Riccardo Giacconi (1931-) (U.S.) [X-ray astronomy]; Chem.: John Bennett Fenn (1917-2010) (U.S.) [electrospray ionization technique] and Koichi Tanaka (1959-) (Japan) [mass spectrometry of biological macromolecules], Kurt Wuthrich (Wüthrich) (1938-) (Switzerland) [3-D structure of biological macromolecules]; Med.: Sydney Brenner (1927-2019) (South Africa), and Sir John Edward Sulston (1942-) (U.K.), and Howard Robert Horvitz (1947-) (U.S.) [use of roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans for genetic analysis]; Econ.: Daniel Kahneman (1934-) (Israel) [Prospect Theory], and Vernon Lomax Smith (1927-) (U.S.) [empirical economic analysis]. Inventions: On May 4 the NASA Boeing Aqua (EOS PM-1) satellite is launched from Vanderberg AFB, settling into a Sun-synchronous orbit with several other satellites to measure water on the Earth's surface and atmosphere, becoming the 2nd major component of the Earth Observing System (EOS) after Terra (EOS AM-1) (launched in 1999) (clouds, water, ice, land surface, carbon monoxide, aerosols) and Aura (EOS CH-1) (launched July 15, 2004) (climate, air quality, ozone layer). In June Space X (Space Exploration Technologies Corp.) is founded in Hawthorne, Calif. by PayPal and Tesla Motors billionaire Elon Musk to send spacecraft to Mars and colonize it, going on to develop the Falcon 1 and Falcon 9 reusable launch vehicles, and the Dragon spacecraft; in 2008 the Falcon 1 becomes the first privately-funded liquid-propelled rocket to reach Earth orbit. In June NASA scientists test Indian-born Sun-Gazer (Breatharian) Hira Ratan Manek (Hirachand) (HRM) (1937-) of Winter Fark, Fla., who claims he lived only on liquids and sunlight for eight years, verifying that he survived 130 days on water plus one hour of staring at the sun at sunset, claiming to "eat through his eyes"; sun-gazers make several startling claims about the sunlight enlarging their pineal glands and curing diseases; too bad, HRM is later caught eating, lying, then admitting it. On Sept. 20 the Tor (The Onion Router) anonymity network is released, becoming a favorite avenue of the Dark Web. On Dec. 28 LinkedIn business-employment-oriented social networking Web site is founded in Mountain View, Calif. by Reid Garrett Hoffman (1967-) and partners from PayPal and Socialnet.com, launching on May 5 and reaching 106M active members by Apr. 2017 after being acquired by Microsoft on Dec. 8, 2016 for $26.6B; "When I graduated from Stanford my plan was to become a professor and public intellectual. That is not about quoting Kant. It's about holding up a lens to society and asking 'who are we?' and 'who should we be, as individuals and a society?' But I realised academics write books that 50 or 60 people read and I wanted more impact." (Hoffman) The U.S. FDA approves the atypical antipsychotic drug Aripiprazole (brand name Ability), developed by Otsuka of Japan for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder; sales reach $6.9B in 2013. The Cadillac CTS mid-size luxury line is introduced, designed by Wayne K. Cherry (1937-) and Kip Wasenko. After going on a surfing trip to Australia and wanting an affordable action camera system, GoPro Inc. (originally Woodman Labs Inc.) is founded by Nicholas D. "Nick" Woodman (1974-) to manufacture action cameras. The Roomba autonomous robotic vacuum cleaner, designed by Helen Greiner et al. is introduced by iRobot, selling 10M units by Feb. 2014. The $299 TiVo Series 2 is released, with a 60GB hard drive that records 60 hours of video; prices later slide to $149. Science: In Feb. researchers in Texas announce that they are the first to successfully clone a domestic cat. The Mar. 21 issue of Nature reports the discovery in China of Lisoceratops, a dog-sized horned dinosaur that may be a cousin to the Triceratops. In Apr. the Earth Simulator supercomputer in Kanagawa, Japan achieves a computing speed of 35.61 teraflops, over 5x as fast as IBM's ASCI White at Lawrence Livermore Labs. On May 28 NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft discovers enormous quantities of ice on Mars. As of July 1 1B personal computers (PCs) have been sold worldwide. In July scientists at Australian Nat. U. prove that the Second Law of Thermodynamics can be violated by nanomachines? In July scientists at SUNY build a polio virus in the lab using public gene databases, becoming the first known infectious agent manufactured in a lab from scratch. In July French anthropologist Michel Brunet announces the discovery in Chad of a 6-7 M-y.-o. skull of a flat-faced hominid nicknamed Toumai ("hope of life"). In Aug. Swedish biologist Svante Paabo (Pääbo) (1955-) pub. the discovery of the FOXP2 "language gene". In Aug. researchers report new evidence confirming the existence of ancient bacteria on Mars. In Aug. the first functioning penis (of a rabbit) is grown in a lab from cells at Harvard Medical School - the first artificial playboy bunny? In the fall the world's first carbon nanotube factory opens in Tokyo. In the fall the Rosetta Project produces its first Rosetta disk containing 1.4K of the world's 7K languages on a 3-in. nickel disk for future preservation. On Oct. 9 scientists at the Joint Inst. for Nuclear Research (JINR) and Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab announce the discovery of the new element (a halogen) Ununoctium (Uuo) (#118). On Dec. 26 Clonaid announces the birth of 7 lb. Eve, the world's first cloned baby human. Michael Hall improves the Heisenberg quantum uncertainty relation to an equation rather than an inequality. Manhattan, N.Y.-born psychiatrist William S. Breitbart (1951-) develops Meaning-Centered Therapy for patients near the end of life, letting them rely on their spiritual beliefs. The Human Genome Project pub. its first major analysis of blood samples from 52 world pops. converted into 1K cell lines, showing that the subjects' genomes fall into five major clusters corresponding to their continent of origin and therefore their race, and that all coalesce to a single root ancestral pop. that began to migrate from NE Africa 50K years ago. The synthetic unstable radioactive chemical element Oganesson (Og) (#118) is discovered at the Joint Inst. for Nuclear Research (JINR) near Moscow by a joint team of Am. and Russian scientists, named after nuclear physicist Yuri Tsolakovich Oganessian (1933-). The Yukagir Mammoth is discovered in the permafrost in Siberia; its head is still covered with skin and tufts of hair. Textile expert Mechthild Flury-Lemberg claims that the Shroud of Turin has a herringbone weave common in the 1st cent. C.E. Middle East. Scientists at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Inst. discover mouthless worms who live in dead whale skeletons and feed off bacteria who eat their bones, causing biologists to create the new species Osedax, (Lat. "bone-eating") and theorize that they existed before whales and fed on dino bones; males live inside the bodies of the females, never developing past the larval stage. Mary Leitao proposes the name Morgellons Disease (Syndrome) for the infectious condition characterized by finding fibers on or under the skin along with skin lesions. Nonfiction: Peter Ackroyd (1949-), Albion: The Origins of the English Imagination. Francesco Alberoni (1929-), The Art of Commanding. Maya Angelou (1928-), A Song Flung Up to Heaven (autobio.). Jonathan Ames (1964-), My Less Than Secret Life: A Diary, Fiction, Essays. Jose Arguelles (1939-2011), Time and the Technosphere: The Law of Time in Human Affairs; proposes a 13-moon 28-day calendar to "get the human race back on course". Karen Armstrong (1944-), Faith After September 11. Isaac Asimov (1920-92), It's Been a Good Life (autobio.) (posth.); ed. by Janet Asimov. Rick Atkinson (1952-), An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1942-1943 (Pulitzer Prize); Liberation Trilogy #1. Ian Graeme Barbour (1923-), Nature, Human Nature, and God. Lisa Beamer (with Ken Abraham), Let's Roll!. Francis Beckwith, Carl Mosser, and Paul Owen (eds.), The New Mormon Challenge (Feb. 26); claims that the LDS Church has turned into a slick proselytizing machine making 300K converts/year, threatening to become the first world religion since Islam (265M members by 2080), and that its scholars have achieved academic respectability, attempting to meet them head-on with new research and scholarship challenging their doctrines and making the case for historical Christianity. Daniel Benjamin and Steven Simon, The Age of Sacred Terror (Oct. 1); U.S. Nat. Security Council dirs. of counterterrorism claim that Osama bin Laden isn't at the root of Muslim terrorism but merely a branch; they sign the book contract before 9/11? Ira Berlin (1941-), Generations of Captivity: A History of Slaves in the United States. Michael R. Beschloss (1955-), The Conquerors: Roosevelt, Truman and the Destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945; NYT bestseller. Jeremy Black, The World in the Twentieth Century. William Bloom (1948-), Feeling Safe: How to Be Strong and Positive in a Changing World (Oct. 24). Richard Blow, American Son. Asa Briggs (1921-) and Peter Burke (1937-), A Social History of the Media: From Gutenberg to the Internet. Douglas Brinkley (1960-) and Stephen Ambrose (1936-2002), The Mississippi and the Making of a Nation. David Brock (1962-), Blinded by the Right. Peter Brown (1935-), Poverty and Leadership in the Later Roman Empire. Ergun Caner (1966-) and Emil Caner, Unveiling Islam: An Insider's Look at Muslim Life and Beliefs. Norman F. Cantor (1929-2004), Inventing Norman Cantor: Confessions of a Medievalist (autobio.); laments the transformation of U.S. academia in the 2nd half of the 20th cent. from British-style humanism to French postmodernism. Fritjof Capra (1939-), The Hidden Connections: A Science for Sustainable Living. Philip Caputo (1941-), Ghosts of Tsavo: Stalking the Mythic Lions of East Africa; Means of Escape: A War Correspondent's Memoir of Life and Death in Afghanistan, the Middle East, and Vietnam. Robert Allan Caro (1935-), Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson (Pulitzer Prize). Gerald Celente (1946-), What Zizi Gave Honeyboy: A True Story About Love, Wisdom, and the Soul of America. Ha-Joon Chang (1963-), Kicking Away the Ladder: Development Strategy in Historical Perspective (Sept. 1); claims that developed countries climb to the top then you know what to keep developing countries down. Phyllis Chesler (1940-), Woman's Inhumanity to Woman; Women of the Wall: Claiming Sacred Ground at Judaism's Holy Site; the 1989 lawsuit by Women of the Wall to allow women to pray at the Wailing Wall (Kotel) in Jerusalem. Tom Clancy (1947-2013), Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz, Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special Forces. Kurt Cobain (1967-94), Journals (posth.). Robert Cohen and Reginald E. Zelnik, The Free Speech Movement: Reflections on Berkeley in the 1960s. Andrew Cooke, On His Majesty's Secret Service: Sidney Reilly; incl. a report by Grigory Fedulyev claiming he was one of four men who shot Reilly in the woods near Moscow on Nov. 5, 1925. Tony Cornell (1924-2010), Investigating the Paranormal (June); his magnum opus after 50 years of research, which finds that it's mostly bunk; "I take the view that the most nonsensical aspect of much of the physical phenomena in the seance room is the implicit notion that the discarnate resort to such ludicrous, absurd, and facile physical effects to prove that there is life after death. If, as claimed, life in the next world is more advanced than that on earth, one might be forgiven to expect proof of a more intelligent type than what appears acceptable to both the dead and the living, night after night, in the seance room. The shaking of tables and banging of tambourines, the creation of cold breezes and touches, trumpets cavorting and prancing about the room banging the heads of the sitters, and all the other antics that go on in the dark say little for the proficiency of the alleged discarnate visitors. If the "spirits" have been capable of such a momentous feat as surviving bodily death transcending time and manipulating matter in this world while existing in another dimension of time and space – why do they not materialize in the seance room something really worth the effort?" Patricia Cornwell (1956-), Portrait of a Killer: Jack the Ripper - Case Closed; claims he's sicko violent artist Walter Sickert (1860-1942). Ann Coulter (1961-), Slander: Liberal Lies About the American Right. Richard Ben Cramer (1950-), What Do You Think of Ted Williams Now? A Remembrance. Clive Cussler (1931-), The Sea Hunters II: Diving the World's Seas for Famous Shipwrecks. William Dalrymple, White Mughals. Raymond Fredric Dasmann (1919-2002), Called by the Wild. Vince Deloria Jr. (1933-2005), Evolution, Creationism, and Other Modern Myths: A Critical Inquiry. Thomas Michael Disch (1940-2008), The Castle of Perseverance: Job Opportunities in Contemporary Poetry. Arthur J. Dommen, The Indochinese Experience of the French and the Americans: Nationalism and Communism in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam (Jan. 1); history of Vietnam since 1858. Michael Drosnin, The Bible Code II; claims that ETs left the code in a steel obelisk buried near the Dead Sea. Peter Ferdinand Drucker (1909-2005), a href="http://google.com">Managing in the Next Society. Dinesh D'Souza (1961-), Letters to a Young Conservative. Daniel Ellsberg (1931-), Secrets: A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers. Steven Emerson (1953-), American Jihad: The Terrorists Living Among Us. Joseph Epstein (1937-), Snobbery: The American Version. Michael J. Fox (1961-), Lucky Man: A Memoir (autobio). Jonathan Franzen (1959-), How to Be Alone (essays); incl. Perchance to Dream: In the Age of Images a Reason to Write Novels (first pub. in Harper's Mag., Apr. 1996). Marilyn French (1929-2009), From Eve to Dawn: A History of Women (3 vols.). Francis Fukuyama (1952-), Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution; calls Transhumanism the world's most dangerous idea. John Lewis Gaddis (1941-), Philip H. Gordon, Ernest R. May, and Jonathan Rosenberg (eds.), The Landscape of History: How Historians Map the Past. Peter Gay (1923-2015), Schnitlzer's Century; a definitive work on the social history of the 19th cent. from the defeat of Napoleon to 1914. Elizabeth M. Gilbert (1969-), The Last American Man; naturalist Eustace Conway (1961-). Sir Martin Gilbert (1936-2015), The Twentieth Century: A Short History; Letters to Auntie Fori: The 5,000-Year History of the Jewish People and Their Faith; The Righteous: The Unsung Heroes of the Holocaust. Rudolph W. Giuliani (1944-) (with Ken Kurson), Leadership. Edward Glaeser and Andrei Schleifer, The Curley Effect; about 4x (1914-50) Boston mayor James Michael Curley, known for "increasing the relative size of one's political base through distortionary, wealth-reducing policies"; "Counterintuitively, making a city poorer leads to political success for the engineers of that impoverishment." (Forbes mag.) - Obama got the message? Daniel Goldhagen (1959-), A Moral Reckoning. Ernst Gombrich (1909-2001), The Preference for the Primitive: Episodes in the History of Western Taste and Art (May 16) (posth.). Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke (1953-2012), Black Sun: Aryan Cults, Esoteric Nazism, and the Politics of Identity. Jan Goodwin, Price of Honor: Muslim Women Lift the Veil of Silence on the Islamic World (Dec. 31). Annette Gordon-Reed (1958-), Race on Trial: Law and Justice in American History. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002), I Have Landed: The End of a Beginning in Natural History (10th and last vol. of essays from Nat. History mag. since 1977); The Structure of Evolutionary Theory; his magnum opus, explaining his theory of punctuated evolution, which claims that there are long stretches where evolution doesn't happen, followed by short stages where it pops in and out while we're not looking, like a stage magician?; pisses-off many evolutionists, who want to believe it's a natural law that's happening all the time, and not another set of black holes on the GTT. Norman Arthur Graebner (1915-2010), A Twentieth-Century Odyssey: Memoir of a Life in Academe (autobio.). David Halberstam (1934-2007), Firehouse: New Insights into Unimaginable Loss. Graham Hancock (1950-) and Santha Faiia, Fingerprints of the Gods: The Quest Continues. Peter Handke (1942-), Spoken and Written: About Books, Images and Films 1992-2000. Victor Davis Hanson (1953-), An Autumn of War: What America Learned from September 11 and the War on Terrorism. Jim Harrison (1937-), Off to the Side: A Memoir. Riaz Hassan, Faithlines: Muslim Conceptions of Islam and Society; concludes that Muslim states with Islamic govts. end up with little trust in religious leaders, and that it is best to keep faithlines separate from "the faultlines of the political terrain"; "You can have power or trust, but not both." Stephen Hawking (1942-) et al., The Future of Spacetime; essays on time travel. David R. Hawkins (1927-2012), Power vs. Force: The Hidden Determinants of Human Behavior; pushes Applied Kinesiology (AK), a pseudo-science claiming that the extended arm can be used as a lie detector with a dowsing maneuver applied by the tester, and in addition a spiritual scale of absolute truth can be based on it, with Christ maxing the scale out at 1000, which some criticize as threatening to found a new fundamentalist cult, esp. when Hawkins rates himself at 999.8; rev. ed. pub. on May 15, 2012. Patricia Heaton (1958-), Motherhood and Hollywood: How to Get a Job Like Mine (autobio.). Chris Hedges (1956-), War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning (Sept. 3); "The rush of battle is a potent and often lethal addiction, for war is a drug, one I ingested for many years." Carolyn Heilbrun (1926-), When Men Were the Only Models We Had (autobio.). Michel Henry (1922-2002), Paroles du Christ. Arthur Herman, How the Scots Invented the Modern World: The True Story of How Western Europe's Poorest Nation Created Our World & Everything in It (Sept. 24); James Watt, Adam Smith, Andrew Carnegie, Arthur Conan Doyle, William "Braveheart" Wallace, James Bond - like I've been telling you for years? Dorothy Hewett (1923-2002), The Empty Room (autobio.) (posth.). Edward Hoagland (1932-), Compass Points. Benjamin Hoff (1946-), The House on the Point. Randall G. Holcombe, From Liberty to Democracy: The Transformation of American Government. David Joel Horowitz (1939-), How to Beat the Democrats and Other Subversive Ideas; Uncivil Wars: The Controversy Over Reparations for Slavery. A.E. Hotchner (1920-), The Day I Fired Alan Ladd and Other World War II Adventures. Tristram Hunt (1974-), The English Civil War at First Hand (first book). Sherman A. Jackson, On the Boundaries of Theological Tolerance in Islam: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali's Faysal al-Tafriqa. Michael F. Jacobson, Restaurant Confidential (May 6). Philip Jenkins (1952-), The Next Christendom: The Rise of Global Christianity. David Cay Johnston (1948-), Pefectly Legal - The Covert Campaign to Rig Our Tax System to Benefit the Super-Rich - and Cheat Everyone Else. Efraim Karsh (1953-), The Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988; The Arab-Israeli Conflict: The Palestine War 1948. Michael T. Kaufman, Soros: The Life and Times of a Messianic Billionaire. Sir John Keegan (1934-), Winston Churchill. Martin Kramer (1954-), Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America; Western Arab scholars are apologists for radical Islam not purveyors of knowledge about Islam that "came under a take-no-prisoners assault, which rejected the idea of objective standards, disguised the vice of politicization as the virtue of commitment, and replaced proficiency with ideology", pushing the Marxist narrative of Western colonial and imperial crimes. Matthias Kuentzel, Jihad and Jew Hatred: Islamism, Nazism and the Roots of 9/11; how the Nazis propagandized Arabs in the 1930s-40s to become more rabid anti-Semites with a sophisticated theory of a Jewish conspiracy to rule the world and destroy Islam, tracing from Hassan Al-Banna and Haj Amin al-Husseini to Sayyid Qutb, al-Qaida, and the Hamburg Cell. Stanley I. Kutler (ed.), Dictionary of Am. History (10 vols.). Jean-Jacques Laffont (1947-2004) and David Martimort, The Theory of Incentives: The Principal-Agent Model; discusses the Principal-Agent Problem. Wally Lamb (1950-), Couldn't Keep It To Myself: Testimonies from Our Imprisoned Sisters. Frances Moore Lappe (1944-), Hope's Edge: The Next Diet for a Small Planet. Joseph E. LeDoux (1949-), Synaptic Self: How Our Brains Become Who We Are. Derek Leebaert, The Fifty-Year Wound: The True Price of America's Cold War Victory. Mel Levine, A Mind at a Time. Bernard Lewis (1916-), What Went Wrong: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response (Jan.); used as the main intellectual ammo by the Bush admin. to justify invading Iraq, AKA the Lewis Doctrine (an attempt to impose the secular Muslim Kemal Ataturk model), which doesn't help Bush's image in the Middle East because Lewis is a Zionist Jew. Hal Lindsey (1929-), The Everlasting Hatred: The Roots of Jihad (July); are Islamic fundamentalists an aberrant group or the true followers of 7th cent. prophet Muhmmad? Michelle Malkin (1970-), Invasion: How America Still Welcomes Terrorists, Criminals, and Other Foreign Menaces. Thomas Mallon, Mrs. Paine's Garage and the Murder of John F. Kennedy. Peter Mandler (1958-), History and National Life (Dec.); denies that history is only about finding out who we are and where we come from, and is less directly "useful", but also richer than that. Manning Marable (1950-2011) et al., Freedom: A Photographic History of the African American Struggle. Ali al-Amin Mazrui (1933-), Africanity Redefined: Collected Essays (2 vols.); The Titan of Tanzania: Julius K. Nyere's Legacy; Black Reparations in the Era of Globalization. John McPhee (1931-), The Founding Fish. John McEnroe (with James Kaplan), You Cannot Be Serious. Gavin Menzies, 1421: The Year China Discovered Amerca; bestseller claiming that Chinese adm. Zheng He beat Columbus to it, visiting Cuba and Rhode Island. Fergus Millar (1935-), The Roman Republic in Political Thought; claims that the early rather than late Roman Repub. most influenced later political thought; Rome, the Greek World, and the East (essays) (3 vols.); ed. by Hannah M. Cotton and Guy M. Rogers; how Greco-Roman culture impacted the peoples of the E Mediterranean, influencing the development of Christianity, Rabbinical Judaism, and Islam. Eric Henry Monkkonen (1942-2005), Crime, Justice, History (essays). Michael Moore (1954-), Stupid White Men. Edmund Sears Morgan (1916-2013), Benjamin Franklin; NYT bestseller; explodes the myth of "a comfortable old gentleman staring out at the world over his half-glasses with benevolent comprehension of everything in it", revealing his true mindset; "With a wisdom about himself that comes only to the great of heart, Franklin knew how to value himself and what he did without mistaking himself for something more than one man among many. His special brand of self-respect required him to honor his fellow men and women no less than himself." Richard Ward Morris (1939-2003), The Big Questions: Probing the Promise and Limits of Science. Arnold A. Offner, Another Such Victory; the revisionist school of the historiography of Truman's foreign policy. Michael B. Oren (1955-), Six Days of War: June 1967 and the Making of the Modern Middle East (first book). Michael Parenti (1933-), The Terrorism Trap: September 11 and Beyond. Joseph Chilton Pearce (1926-), The Crack in the Cosmic Egg: New Constructs of Mind and Reality; The Biology of Transcendence: A Blueprint of the Human Spirit; "Culture is the enemy of biology." Carlota Perez (1939-), Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital: The Dynamics of Bubbles and Golden Ages; claims techno-economic paradigm shifts in five past technological revolutions; "So during this period, financial capital generates a powerful magnet to attract investment into the new areas, hence accelerating the hold of the paradigm on what becomes the 'new economy'... In a world of capital gains, real estate bubbles and foreign adventures with money, all notion of the real value of anything is lost. Uncontrollable asset inflation sets in while debt mounts at a reckless rhythm; much of it to enter the casino." Ralph Peters (1952-), Beyond Terror: Strategy in a Changing World. Kevin Phillips (1940-), Wealth and Democracy: A Political History of the American Rich. Daniel Pinchbeck (1966-), Breaking Open the Head: A Psychedelic Journey into the Heart of Contemporary Shamanism. Steven Pinker (1954-), The Blank State: The Modern Denial of Human Nature; bestseller arguing against tabula rasa models of the social sciences, claiming that human behavior is shaped by Darwinian evolution. Robert Pinsky (1940-), Democracy, Culture, and the Voice of Poetry. Daniel Pipes (1949-), Militant Islam Reaches America; In the Path of God: Islam and Political Power; Muslim Immigrants in the United States; Harvard-educated pro-Israel Jewish historian, who warned about al-Qaida planning attacks on the U.S. 4 mo. before 9/11 begins piping on the Muslim threat to the U.S., claiming that Saudia Arabia is a "rival" to the U.S. and should be sued by 9/11 families for compensation, advocating that Muslims in U.S. govt. positions be treated as security risks, and asserting that U.S. mosques are militant breeding grounds; he later backs the U.S. Iraq War, claiming that winning it will reduce not increase terrorism, and also claims that Barack Obama is an apostate Muslim subject to execution; meanwhile he founds the Web site Campus Watch, causing a filibuster in the U.S. Senate led by Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) against his nomination by Pres. Bush to the board of the U.S. Inst. of Peace. Roy Porter (1946-2002), Madness: A Brief History. Samantha Power (1970-), "A Problem from Hell": America and the Age of Genocide (Pulitzer Prize); argues for interentionism in cases of genocide. Susan Powter (1958-), The Politics of Stupid. Reg Presley (1941-), Wild Things They Don't Tell Us (Oct.); frontman for The Troggs is into crop circle research. Dennis Michael Quinn (1944-), Elder Statesman: A Biography of J. Reuben Clark. Janice G. Raymond (1943-), Sex Trafficking in the United States: Links Between International and Domestic Sex Industries. Howard Rheingold (1947-), Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution (Oct. 15). Richard Rhodes (1937-), Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust. Richard Rodriguez (1944-), Brown: The Last Discovery of America (autobio.). David M. Rohl (1950-), The Lost Testament: From Eden to Exile - The Epic History of the People of the Bible. John Ross (1938-2011), Mexico in Focus: A Guide to the People, Politics, and Culture; The War Against Oblivion: The Zapatista Chronicles. Barry Rubin (1950-2014), Istanbul Intrigues; The Tragedy of the Middle East; Islamic Fundamentalism in Egyptian Politics. Peter Russell (1946-), From Science to God: A Physicist's Journey into the Mystery of Consciousness. Kamal Salibi (1929-2011), A Bird on an Oak Tree. Michael Savage (1942-), The Savage Nation. Peter Schweizer (1964-), Reagan's War: The Epic Story of His Forty Year Struggle and Final Triumph Over Communism; filmed in 2004 as "In the Face of Evil: Reagan's War in Word and Deed". Ilyasah Shabazz (1962-), Growing Up X: A Memoir by the Daughter of Malcolm X (autobio.); daughter #3 of Malcolm X (1925-65). Anthony Shaffer (1926-2001), So What Did You Expect? (autobio.) (posth.). Peter Singer (1946-), One World: The Ethics of Globalization. Zecharia Sitchin (1920-2010), The Lost Book of Eniki: Memoirs and Prophecies of an Extraterrestrial God; humans were genetically engineered by the Annunaki from Planet X? Quentin Skinner (1940-), Visions of Politics (3 vols.). Jane Idleman Smith and Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad, The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection. George Soros (1930-), George Soros on Globalization. Thomas Sowell (1930-), A Personal Odyssey; Controversial Essays; The Einstein Syndrome: Bright Children Who Talk Late. Robert Spencer (1962-), The Politically-Incorrect Guide to Islam (and the Crusades); "Am I calling for a war between Christianity and Islam? Certainly not. What I am calling for is a general recognition that we are already in a war. …What we are fighting today is not precisely a 'war on terror'. Terror is a tactic, not an opponent. To wage a 'war on terror' is like waging a 'war on bombs': it focuses on a tool of the enemy rather than the enemy itself. A refusal to identify the enemy is extremely dangerous"; Islam Unveiled: Disturbing Questions About the World's Fastest Growing Faith (Nov. 25); how the Western PC mantra about Muslim terrorists being "fundamentalists" is moose hockey because the goal of Islam has always been the absolute domination of the world, along with the belief that "anyone who renounces Islam deserves to die", plus "the fundamental cause of jihad is to terminate Paganism", therefore "this would mean that jihad must continue as long as there are unbelievers". Joseph Stiglitz (1943-), Globalization and Its Discontents; blames the IMF for funding developing economics which don't develop. Harry G. Summers Jr. (1932-99), On Strategy: The Vietnam War in Context (posth.). Cass R. Sunstein (1954-), The Cost-Benefit State; Risk and Reason; Republic.com; Free Markets and Social Justice. Terry Teachout, The Skeptic: A Life of H.L. Mencken. Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013), Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World, "Actually, President Bush was quite right to reject the Kyoto protocol... Kyoto was an anti-growth, anti-capitalist, anti-American project which no American leader alert to his country's national interests could have supported." (Ch. 11) Marlo Thomas (1937-) (ed.), The Right Words at the Right Time; 108 famous people tell about the words that changed their lives. Kenneth R. Timmerman (1953-), Shakedown: Exposing the Real Jesse Jackson; bestseller (200K copies) accusing Rev. Jesse Jackson of criminal connections and extortion of businesses. Colm Toibin (1955-), Love in a Dark Time: Gay Lives from Wilde to Almodovar - dark as in beso negro? Tevi Troy (1967-), Intellectuals and the American Presidency: Philosophers, Jesters, or Technicians?. Charlotte A. Twight, Dependent on D.C.: The Rise of Federal Control Over the Lives of Ordinary Americans. United Nations, World Atlas of Biodiversity. Joseph Wambaugh (1937-), Fire Lover: A True Story; Los Angeles "Pillow Pyro" arsonist John Leonard Orr (1949-). Ibn Warraq (1946-) (ed.), What the Koran Really Says: Language, Text and Commentary. Rick Warren (1954-), The Purpose Driven Church: Growth Without Compromising Your Message & Mission; bestseller (30M copies); a Bible study book leading readers on a 40-day personal spiritual journey illustrating God's five purposes for human life on Earth; the five Global Goliaths: spiritual emptiness, egocentric leadership, extreme poverty, pandemic disease, illiteracy/poor education. Brian Weiss (1944-), Mirrors of Time: Using Regression for Physical, Emotional, and Spiritual Healing (Feb. 1). Fay Weldon (1931-), Auto de Fay (autobio.). Stuart Wilde (1946-) and Brook Claussen, Wilde Unplugged: A Dictionary of Life. Oliver Eaton Williamson (1932-), The Theory of the Firm as Governance Structure: From Choice to Contract. Garry Wills (1934-), Why I Am a Catholic; Mr. Jefferson's University; James Madison. Andrew Norman Wilson (1950-), The Victorians; sells 150K copies. Edward Osborne Wilson (1929-), The Future of Life. Robert Anton Wilson (1932-2007), TSOG: The Thing That Ate the Constitution; the Tsarist Occupation Govt. of the U.S., beginning with George H.W. Bush. Rosalind Wiseman, Queen Bees and Wannabees: Helping Your Daughter Survive Cliques, Gossip, Boyfriends, and Other Realities of Adolescence; basis of the 2004 movie "Mean Girls". Fred Alan Wolf (1934-), Matter into Feeling: A New Alchemy of Science and Spirit. Stephen Wolfram (1959-), A New Kind of Science (May 14); claims that simple digital programs not equations are needed to do science because the Universe is ultimately digital - a resounding thud is heard? Bob Woodward (1943-), Bush At War: Inside the Bush White House. Toby Young (1963-), How to Lose Friends & Alienate People: A Memoir; "England's heterosexual Truman Capote" and his 5-year attempt to make a career in the U.S. at Vanity Fair and Hollyweird. Cecily von Ziegesar (1970-), Gossip Girl; first in a series about girls at a fancy Manhattan prep school. Howard Zinn (1922-2010), Terrorism and War. Zondervan Pub. House (a div. of Harper-Collins), Today's New International Version Bible; an update to the 1978 New International Version, with 50K changes made by 15 Biblical scholars; in Jan. 2005 Rolling Stone mag. rejects an ad for it, but reverses itself in the face of criticism. Art: Lucian Freud (1922-), Naked Portrait of Pregnant Supermodel Kate Moss; auctioned for $6.5M at Christie's Internat. in London in Feb. 2005. Andy Goldsworthy (1956-), Townhead Burn, Dumfriesshire, 25 November 2002 (photographs). Roberto Matta (1911-2002), Post History Chicken Flowers; La Dulce Acqua Vita; La Source du Calme (last work). Sigmar Polke (1941-), The Hunt for the Taliban and Al-Qaida. Daniel Richter (1962-), Dog Planet; 9' x 11.5'. Music: Ryan Adams (1974-), Demolition (album). Queens of the Stone Age, Songs for the Deaf (album #3) (Aug. 27)(#17 in the U.S., #4 in the U.K.) (986K copies); Dave Grohl plays drums; incl. Go With the Flow (#116 in the U.S., #21 in the U.K.), No One Knows (#51 in the U.S., #15 in the U.K.), First It Giveth (#33 in the U.K.). Christina Aguilera (1980-), Stripped (album #4) (Oct. 26) (#2 in the U.S., #2 in the U.K.) (10M copies); criticized for being too dirty, making it more popular?; incl. Impossible (w/Alicia Keys), Dirrty (w/Reggie "Redman" Noble) (#1 in the U.K.), Beautiful (#2 in the U.S.) ("one of the best pop sings ever written" - Simon Cowell"). a-ha, Lifelines (album #7) (Apr. 2); sells 1.5M copies; incl. Lifelines, Forever Not Yours, Did Anyone Approach You? Gregg Allman (1947-), No Stranger to the Dark: The Best of Gregg Allman (album). Amon Amarth, Versus the World (album #4) (Nov. 18); incl. Versus the World, Across the Rainbow Bridge, Thousand Years of Oppression. America, Holiday Harmony (album #15) (Oct. 1); their first Xmas album; The Grand Cayman Concert (album) (Nov. 9); performed in the home of former bandmate Dan Peek by the duo of Gerry Beckley and Dewey Bunnell. Tori Amos (1963-), Scarlet's Walk (album #7) (Oct. 28) (#7 in the U.S., #26 in the U.K.); incl. A Sorta Fairytale (#11 in the U.S., #41 in the U.K.). India.Arie (1975-), Voyage to India (album #2) (Sept. 24) (#6 in the U.S., #82 in the U.K.); sells 2M copies; incl. Little Things, Can I Walk With You, The Truth, Get It Together. Joseph Arthur (1971-), Redemption's Son (album #3) (Nov. 26); incl. Redemption's Son, Honey and the Moon. Ashanti (1980-), Ashanti (album) (debut) (Apr. 2) (#1 in the U.S., #3 in the U.K.) (6M copies, incl. 3M in the U.S., and a record 503K in its 1st week); incl. Foolish (#1 in the U.S.), Happy (w/Ja Rule) (#8 in the U.S.), Baby (#15 in the U.S.), Unfoolish (w/Biggie), Dreams; becomes the first female with three top-10 Billboard Hot 100 songs. John David Ashcroft (1942-), Let the Eagle Soar; by U.S. atty.-gen. #79 (2001-5). Audioslave, Audioslave (album) (debut) (3M copies); composed of former members of Soundgarden and Rage Against the Machine, incl. Chris Cornell (lead vocals, guitar), Tom Morello (guitar), Tim Commerford (bass), Brad Wilks (drums); incl. Like a Stone, Cochise, Show Me How to Live, I Am the Highway, What You Are. Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Will the Circle Be Unbroken Vol. 3 (album #3); first in 1972, 2nd in 1989. Beck (1970-), Sea Change (album). Belle and Sebastian, Storytelling (album #5) (June 3). Tony Bennett (1926-) and k.d. lang (1961-), A Wonderful World (labum, er, album) (Nov. 2); incl. La Vie en Rose, Exactly Like You, What a Wonderful World. Joe Bonamassa (1977-), So, It's Like That (album #2) (Aug. 13); incl. Pain and Sorrow. Boston, Corporate America (album #5) (Aug. 27). David Bowie (1947-), Heathen (album) (June 11); incl. Heathen, Slow Burn, Afraid, A Better Future. Pet Shop Boys, Release (album) (Apr. 1); sells 800K copies; incl. Home and Dry, I Get Along, London. Billy Bragg (1957-) and The Blokes, England, Half-English (album #6) (Mar. 5); against xenophobia in England; incl. St. Monday, Take Down the Union Jack (#22 in the U.K.). Laura Branigan (1952-2004), The Essentials: Laura Branigan (album). Henry Brant (1913-2008), Ice Field (Pulitzer Prize). Toni Braxton (1967-), More Than a Woman (album) (Nov.); incl. Hit the Freeway (w/Loon). Jackson Browne (1948-), The Naked Ride Home (album #2) (#36 in the U.S.) (Sept. 24); incl. The Night Inside Me. Jimmy Buffett (1946-), Far Side of the World (album #25) (Mar. 19). Chris de Burgh (1948-), Timing is Everything (album #13) (Oct. 8); incl. Timing is Everything. The Caesars, Jerk It Out; AKA Caesars Palace, Twelve Caesars; from Sweden, incl. Joakim Åhlund, César Vidal, David Lindquist, and Nino Keller. Cam'ron (1974-), Come Home with Me (album); incl. Oh Boy and Hey Ma. Mariah Carey (1970-), Charmbracelet (album #9) (Dec. 3); 1st album on the Island Records label; incl. Through the Rain, Boy (I Need You), The One. Vanessa Carlton (1980-), Be Not Nobody (album) (debut); incl. A Thousand Miles. Neko Case (1970-) and Her Boyfriends, Blacklisted (album #3) (Aug. 20). Soft Cell, Cruelty Without Beauty (album #4) (Oct. 8); last album in 1984. Tracy Chapman (1964-), Let It Rain (album #6) (Oct. 15) (#25 in th4e U.S.); incl. Let It Rain. Kenny Chesney (1968-), No Shoes, No Shirt, No Problems (album) (Apr. 23); incl. No Shoes, No Shirt, No Problems, Young, The Good Stuff. Dixie Chicks, Home (album #3); incl. White Trash Wedding, Top of the World. Kelly Clarkson (1982-), Moment Like This (debut) (Sept. 17) (#1 in the U.S.) (#1 in Canada). Biffy Clyro, Blackened Sky (album) (debut) (Mar. 10) (#78 in the U.K.); formerly Screwfish; from Kilmarnock, Scotland, incl. Simon Alexander Neil (1979-) (vocals), James Roberto Johnston (1980-) (bass) and twin brother Ben Hamilton Johnston (1980-) (drums); incl. 27, 57, Justboy, Joy Discovery Invention. Joe Cocker (1944-2014), Respect Yourself (album #18) (July 16). Coldplay, A Rush of Blood to the Head (album #2) (Aug. 26) (#5 in the U.S., #1 in the U.K.); sells 13M copies; incl. Clocks, God Put a Smile Upon Your Face, In My Place, The Scientist. Phil Collins (1951-), Testify (album) (Nov. 12); incl. Can't Stop Living You. Coolio (1963-), El Cool Magnifico (album #4) (Oct. 15); a flop. Elvis Costello (1954-), When I Was Cruel (album #20) (Apr. 23). Elvis Costello (1954-) and the Imposters, Cruel Smile (Oct. 1). Cracker, Forever (album #6) (Jan. 29); incl. Shine. King Crimson, Ladies of the Road (album) (Nov. 12). Counting Crows, Hard Candy (album #4) (June 7) (#5 in the U.S., #9 in the U.K.); incl. Hard Candy, American Girls (#24 in the U.S., #33 in the U.K.) Big Yellow Taxi (w/Vanessa Carlton) (hidden track) (#16 in the U.K.). Death Cab for Cutie, The Stability EP (album) (Feb. 19); last with drummer Michael Schorr. Craig Ashley David (1981-), Slicker Than Your Average (album) (Nov. 19); incl. Slicker Than Your Average, Rise & Fall (with Sting). The Grateful Dead, Dick's Picks Vol. 24 (album) (Feb. 11); recorded on Mar. 23, 1974 in Daly City, Calif.; Dick's Picks Vol. 25 (album) (July 20); recorded on May 10-11, 1978; View from the Vault, Vol. 3 (album) (Aug.); Dick's Picks Vol. 26 (album) (Oct.); recorded on Apr. 26-27, 1969. Celine Dion (1968-), A New Day Has Come (album #7) (Mar. 22); first album of original material since 1999; incl. A New Day Has Come. Disturbed, Believe (album #2) (Sept. 17, 2002) (#1 in the U.S., #41 in the U.K.); incl. Prayer, Remember, Liberate. Snoop Dogg (1971-), Paid the Cost to Be da Boss (album #6) (Nov. 26) (1.3M copies); incl. From the Chuuuch to da Palace (w/Pharrell), Beautiful (w/Pharrell). Dokken, Long Way Home (album #8) (Apr. 23). Goo Goo Dolls, Gutterflower (album #7) (Apr. 9) (#4 in the U.S.); incl. Here Is Gone (#3 in the U.S.), Big Machine, Sympathy. System of a Down, Steal This Album! (album #3) (Nov. 26); incl. Innervision, F**k the System. 3 Doors Down, Away from the Sun (album #2) (Nov. 12) (4M copies); incl. Here Without You, When I'm Gone, Sarah Yellin'. Hilary Duff (1987-), Santa Claus Lane (album) (debut) (Oct. 15) (#154 in the U.S.). Eminem (1972-), The Eminem Show (album) (June); best-selling album of 2002; sells 1M copies in its first week, getting criticized for its overuse of the word "motherfucker"; incl. Without Me; 8 Mile Soundtrack (album); incl. Lose Yourself; "Look, if you had one shot, or one opportunity/ To seize everything you ever wanted - One moment/ Would you capture it or just let it slip?/... You can do anything you set your mind to, man." Public Enemy, Revolverlution (album #8) (July 23) (#110 in the U.S.). Eve (1978-), Eve-Olution (album #3) (Aug. 27); incl. Gangsta Lovin' (w/Alicia Keys). Marianne Faithfull (1946-), Kissin' Time (album); incl. Sex With Strangers (video co-stars Kate Moss). Foo Fighters, One by One (album #4) (Oct.); incl. All My Life, Times Like These, Low, Have It All. Filter, The Amalgamut (album #3) (July 30); incl. Where Do We Go From Here, and The Only Way (Is the Wrong Way). Fishbone, Fishbone and the Familyhood Nextperience Present: The Friendliest Psychosis of All (EP) (Feb. 19); Live at the Temple Bar and More (first live album) (June 18). Maroon 5, Songs About Jane (album) (debut) (June 25) (#6 in the U.S., #1 in the U.K.) (2.7M copies); formerly Kara's Flowers; title refers to Adam Levine's ex-girlfriend Jane Herman; from Los Angeles, incl. Adam Noah Levine (1979-) (vocals), James Burgon Valentine (1978-) (guitar), Jesse Royal Carmichael (1979-) (keyboards), Michael Allen Madden (1979-) (bass), Ryan Michael Dusick (1977-)/ Matt Flynn (1970-) (drums); incl. This Love, Harder to Breathe, She Will Be Loved. Kenny G (1956-), Paradise (album #10); Wishes: A Holiday Album (album #11). Indigo Girls, Become You (album #8) (Mar. 12). Herbie Hancock (1940-), Directions in Music: Live at Massey. George Harrison (1943-2001), Brainwashed (album) (last album) (posth.) (Nov. 18) (#18 in the U.S., #29 in the U.K.); incl. Brainwashed, Any Road, Stuck Inside a Cloud. Heather Headley (1974-), This Is Who I Am (album) debut); incl. He Is, I Wish I Wasn't. Faith Hill (1967-), Cry (album); all pop no country?; incl. Cry, Baby You Belong. Whitney Houston (1963-2012), Just Whitney (album); her first dud, despite a $100M contract with Arista/BMG in Aug. 2001. David Ippolito, Crazy on the Same Day (album #5). LL Cool J (1968-), 10 (10th album); incl. Paradise (featuring Amerie), Luv U Better, All I Have (w/ Jennifer Lopez). Pearl Jam, Riot Act (album #7) (Nov. 12) (#5 in the U.S., #34 in the U.S.); last on Epic Records; incl. I Am Mine (#43 in the U.S., #26 in the U.K.). Jay-Z (1969-), The Blueprint 2: The Gift and the Curse (album #7) (Nov. 12); incl. 03 Bonnie & Clyde, Hovi Baby, Excuse Me Miss. Norah Jones (1979-), Come Away with Me (album) (debut) (Feb. 26) (#1 in the U.S.); sells 20M copies (#2 behind "The Beatles"); incl. Don't Know Why, Feelin' the Same Way, Come Away with Me, and Turn Me On. Journey, Red 13 (album) (Nov. 26). Bon Jovi, Bounce (album #8) (Oct. 8) (#2 in the U.S. and U.K.); incl. Bounce, Everyday, Misunderstood, All About Lovin' You. Juanes, Un Dia Normal (album #2) (May 21); incl. A Dios le Pido. Toby Keith (1961-), Courtesy of the Red, White and Blue: the Angry American (July); reaction to 9/11. R. Kelly (1967-) and Jay-Z (1969-), The Best of Both Worlds (album) (Mar. 19); incl. The Best of Both Worlds. The Black Keys, The Big Come Up (album) (debut) (May 20); from Akron, Ohio, incl. Dan Auerbach (vocals, guitar), and Patrick Carney (drums); incl. Leavin' Trunk, She Said, She Said, I'll Be Your Man (theme song for the HBO series "Hung"). Rilo Kiley, The Execution of All Things (album #2) (Oct. 1); incl. The Execution of All Things. Korn, Untouchables (album #5) (June 11) (#2 in the U.S., #4 in the U.K.); incl. Here to Stay (#4 in the U.S.), Thoughtless (#6 in the U.S.), Alone I Break (#19 in the U.S.). Avril Lavigne (1984-), Let Go (album) (debut) (Apr. 13) (#2 in the U.S., #1 in the U.K.) (17M copies); incl. Complicated, Sk8er Boi, I'm With You, Losing Grip. Human League, The Golden Hour of the Future (album) (Oct. 20). Def Leppard, X (album #8) (July 30); incl. Now. Flaming Lips, Yoshimi Battles the Pink Robots (album #10) (July 15); incl. Yoshimi Battles the Pink Robots, Pt. 1, Flight Test, Ego Tripping at the Gates of Hell, Do You Realize? (in Apr. 2009 a resolution to make it the Okla. state song is narrowly defeated in the Okla. legislature). Jennifer Lopez (1969-), This Is Me... Then (album #3) (Nov. 19) (#6 in the U.S.) (6M copies); incl. Jenny from the Block (w/Styles P and Jadakiss), All I Have (w/LL Cool J) (#1 in the U.S.), I'm Glad, Baby I Love U!. Iron Maiden, Rock in Rio (album) (Mar. 25); Edward the Great (album) (Nov. 5). Dave Matthews Band, Busted Stuff (album). Paul McCartney (1942-), Back in the U.S. (double album) (Nov. 11). Tim McGraw (1967-), Tim McGraw and the Dancehall Doctors (album); incl. Real Good Man, She's My Kind of Rain. Megadeth, Rude Awakening (Mar. 19); the band breaks up, then reforms in 2004 with only Dave Mustaine remaining; Still, Alive... and Well? (album) (Sept. 10); what do you want written on your tombstone? Joni Mitchell (1943-), Travelogue (double album #18). Moby, 18 (album with 18 tracks); incl. We Are All Made of Stars. Van Morrison (1945-), Down the Road (#29) (May 14). Alanis Morissette (1974-), Under Rug Swept (album) (Feb.); incl. Hands Clean, So Unsexy, Precious Illusions. Motorhead, Hammered (album #16) (Apr. 9); incl. The Game (written by Jim Johnson as entrance theme for WWE wrestler Triple H). Mountain, Mystic Fire (album). Michael Martin Murphey (1945-), Cowboy Christmas III (album #25). Graham Nash (1942-), Songs for Survivors (album #5) (July 30); incl. Dirty Little Secret. Naughty by Nature, IIcons (album #6) (Mar. 5) (#15 in the U.S); incl. Feels Good (Don't Worry Bout a Thing). Vomito Negro, Fireball (album #13). Nelly (1974-), Nellyville (album #2) (June 25) (#1 in the U.S.) (6M copies); incl. Hot in Herre ("It's gettin' hot in here/ So take off all your clothes"), Work It (w/ Justin Timberlake), Dilemma (w/Kelly Rowland), Air Force Ones (w/ the St. Lunatics), Pimp Juice. Nena, 99 Luftballon; new version. Olivia Newton-John (1948-), Two. Nonpoint, Development (album #2) (June 25) (#52 in the U.S.); incl. Circles. Oasis, Heathen Chemistry (album #5) (July 1) (#23 in the U.S., #1 in the U.K.); last with Alan White; incl. The Hindu Times, Stop Crying Your Heart Out, Little By Little/ She Is Love, Songbird. Sinead O'Connor (1966-), Sean-Nos Nua (album #6) (Oct. 8); "New Old Style" in Gaelic; incl. My Singing Bird, Peggy Gordon, My Lagan Love. Midnight Oil, Capricornia (album #14) (Feb. 19) (last before disbanding). Ozzy Osbourne (1948-), Live at Budokan (album) (June 25). Red Hot Chili Peppers, By the Way (album #8) (July 9) (#2 in the U.S., #1 in the U.K.); sells 10M copies; incl. By the Way (#34 in the U.S., #2 in the U.K.), The Zephyr Song (#49 in the U.S., #11 in the U.K.), Can't Stop (#57 in the U.S., #15 in the U.S.), Dosed, Universally Speaking. Tom Petty (1950-) and the Heartbreakers, The Last DJ (album) (Oct. 8); disses the music industry for Britney, er, greed; incl. The Last DJ. Phantom Planet, The Guest (album #2) (June 5); incl. California (theme song for "The O.C."). Jean-Luc Ponty (1942-), Live at Semper Opera (album). Insane Clown Posse, The Wraith: Shangri-La (Nov. 5) (album); incl. Homies. Manic Street Preachers, Forever Delayed (album #7) (Oct. 28); incl. Motown Junk, Suicide Is Painless (theme from "M*A*S*H"), The Masses Against the Classes (#1 in the U.K.). Pretenders, Loose Screw (album #8) (Nov. 12). Bonnie Raitt (1949-), Silver Lining (album #14) (Apr. 9). Rammstein, Feuer Frei (Fire At Will) (Oct. 14); from the movie "xXx"; their live performances feature flamethrower masks. Steve Reich (1936-), Dance Patterns. Busta Rhymes (1972-), It Ain't Safe No More... (album #6) (Nov. 26). Lionel Richie (1949-), Encore (first live album) (Nov. 26). LeAnn Rimes (1982-), Twisted Angel (album); incl. Twisted Angel. My Chemical Romance, I Brought You My Bullets, You Brought Me Your Love (album) (debut) (July 23); from Jersey City, N.J., incl. Gerard Arthur Way (1977-) (vocals), Mikey Way (bass), Frank Anthony Thomas Iero Jr. (1981-) (guitar), and Ray Toro (guitar); incl. I Brought You My Bullets, You Brought Me Your Love, Skylines and Turnstiles (response to 9/11); Like Phantoms, Forever (EP) (Aug.); incl. Vampires Will Never Hurt You. Rush, Vapor Trails (album #17) (May 14); incl. One Little Victory. Black Sabbath, Past Lives (album) (Aug. 20); incl. Tomorrow's Dream, Children of the Grave. Sade (1959-), Lovers Live (album) (Feb. 5). Primal Scream, Evil Heat (album #7) (Aug. 5); incl. Rise (Bomb the Pentagon) (name changed after 9/11), A Scanner Darkly (after the Philip K. Dick novel). Mr. Scruff (1972-), Heavyweight Rib Ticklers (album #2) (Feb. 11); Trouser Jazz (Sept. 16). Pete Seeger (1919-2014), American Favorite Ballads (5 vols.) (2002-7). Seether, Disclaimer (album) (debut) (Aug.); from South Africa, incl. Shaun Morgan, Dale Stewart, and John Humphrey; incl. Fine Again, Driven Under, Gasoline. Sepultura, Under A Pale Grey Sky (album) (Sept. 24); record on Dec. 16, 1996 at Brixton, Academy, London, the night that founder Max Cavalera quit. Duncan Sheik, Daylight (album); incl. On a High. Michelle Shocked (1962-), Deep Natural (album). Trombone Shorty (1986-), Trombone Shorty's Swinging' Gate (album) (debut). Jessica Simpson (1980-), This Is the Remix (album) (July 2) (300K copies). Sleater-Kinney, One Beat (album #6) (Aug. 20) (#107 in the U.S.); incl. One Beat, Light Rail Coyote, Step Aside. Black Label Society, 1919 Eternal (album #3) (Mar. 5); incl. Life, Birth, Blood, Doom, America the Beautiful. Regina Spektor (1980-), Songs (album #2) (Feb. 25). Ringo Starr (1940-), King Biscuit Flower Hour Presents Ringo & His New All-Star Band (album) (Aug. 6). Status Quo, Heavy Traffic (album #25) (Sept.). Steps, The Last Dance (album #5) (last album) (Nov. 25) (#57 in the U.K.). Rod Stewart (1945-), It Had to Be You: The Great American Songbook (album) (Oct. 22). The Rolling Stones, Forty Licks (double album) (Sept. 30). Suede, A New Morning (album #5) (Sept. 30) (last album); incl. Positivity, Obsessions (#29 in the U.K.). Sugarbabes, Angels with Dirty Faces (album #2) (Aug. 26) (#2 in the U.K.); incl. Angels with Dirty Faces, Freak Like Me, Round Round, Stronger (#10 in the U.K.), Shape. Supertramp, Slow Motion (album #13) (last album) (Apr. 23). Nada Surf, Let's Go (album #3) (Sept. 17) (#31 in the U.S.); incl. Inside of Love (#73 in the U.K.), Neither Heaven Nor Space, Blonde on Blonde. Plain White T's, Stop (album). James Taylor (1948-), October Road (album #15) (Aug. 13); incl. October Road. Therion, Live in Midgard (first live album). Melanie Thornton (1967-2001), In Your Life (Nov. 25) (posth.). Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, Thug World Order (album #5) (Oct. 29); incl. Get Up & Get It, Money, Money, Home (w/Phil Collins). Justin Timberlake (1981-), Justified (album) (debut) (Nov. 1) (#2 in the U.S., #1 in the U.K.); sells 10M copies; incl. Like I Love You, Cry Me a River (about his breakup with Britney Spears), Rock Your Body, Senorita. Tonic, Head on Straight (album #3) (Sept. 24); incl. Take Me As I Am. Randy Travis (1959-), Rise and Shine (album) (Oct. 15); incl. Three Wooden Crosses. Jethro Tull, Living with the Past (album) (Apr. 30). Shania Twain (1965-), Up! (album #4) (Nov. 18) (#1 country) (#1 in the U.S.) (20M copies); incl. Up! (#12 country) (#63 in the U.S.), I'm Gonna Getcha Good! (#7 country) (#34 in the U.S.), She's Not Just a Pretty Face (#9 country) (#56 in the U.S.), Forever and for Always (#14 country) (#57 in the U.S.). Matchbox Twenty, More Than You Think You Are (album #3) (Nov. 19) (#6 in the U.S., #31 in the U.K.); incl. Unwell (#3 in the U.S.), Bright Lights (#15 in the U.S.), Disease (#21 in the U.S.). Keith Urban (1967-), Somebody Like You. Wallflowers, Red Letter Days (album #4) (Nov. 5) (#32 in the U.S.); incl. When You're On Top. Weezer, Maladroit (album #4) (May 14) (#3 in the U.S., #16 in the U.K.); first with bassist Scott Shiner replacing Mikey Welsh; incl. Dope Nose, Keep Fishin, Slob. Kevin Welch (1955-), Millionaire (album #5). Westlife, Unbreakable: The Greatest Hits Volume 1 (album #4) (Nov. 11) (#1 in the U.K.) (1.4M copies). Whigfield (1970-), Whigfield 4 (album #4). Wilco, Yankee Hotel Foxtrot (album #4) (Apr. 23); sells 500K copies; Rolling Stone mag.'s #3 album of the decade; incl. Kamera, War on War, Ashes of American Flags. Charles Wuorinen (1938-), Lepton. Alexander Yelin, A Man Like Putin; manly Vladimir Putin's theme song; "I want a man like Putin, who's full of strength/ I want a man like Putin, who doesn't drink/ I want a man like Putin, who won't make me sad." Frank Zappa (1940-93), FZ:OZ (album) (posth.) (Aug. 16); a concert in Sydney on Jan. 20, 1976. Movies: 28 Days Later (Nov. 1) (DNA Films) (U.K. Film Council) (Fox Searchlight Pictures), about a post-apocalyptic world where a zombie-making virus has spread becomes a hit and reinvigorates the zombie horror film genre; "Day 1: Explosion; Day 3: Infection; Day 8: Epidemic; Day 15: Evacuation: Day 20: Devastation"; does $85M box office on an $8M budget; followed by "28 Days Later" (2007). Ronny U's The 51st State (Oct. 18) stars Samuel L. Jackson as Am. chemist Elmo McElroy, who creates a new drug "guaranteed to take you to the 51st state", and gets into a bad scene in England; Emily Mortimer plays his white English ex-girlfriend Dakota Parker. Curtis Hanson's 8 Mile (Nov. 8) stars Eminem as white trash rapper Jimmy "B-Rabbit" Smith, who lives on the wrong side Detroit's 8 Mile Rd. with his trailer trash mom Stephanie (Kim Basinger) (who complains to him that her beau isn't going down on her) and porks his babe Alex (Brittany Murphy) while trying to win a rapping contest and get a big contract; De'Angelo Wilson stands out as DJ Iz. Spike Lee's 25th Hour (Dec. 16), based on the novel by David Benioff stars Edward Norton as New York drug dealer Montgomery Brogan, who has 24 hours before starting a 7-year jail sentence; also stars Philip Seymour Hoffman as Jacob Elinsky, Barry Pepper as Frank Slaughtery, and Rosario Dawson as Naturelle Riviera. Mark Mylod's Ali G Indahouse (Nov. 11) stars British comedian Sacha Baron Cohen, becoming the first of a comedy trilogy, followed by "Borat" in 2006 and "Bruno" in 2009. Harold Ramis' Analyze That (Dec. 6) is a sequel to the Robert de Niro and Billy Crystal hit. Jay Roach's Austin Powers in Goldmember (July 26) reprises the Mike Myers roles, with Beyonce Knowles as Foxxy Cleopatra, and Myers as Powers, Dr. Evil, Fat Bastard, and Goldmember; #7 movie of 2002 ($213M). Paul Schrader's Auto Focus (Sept. 8), based on the Robert Graysmith book stars Greg Kinnear as "Hogan's Heroes" actor Bob Crane, and Willem Dafoe as his friend John Carpenter, ending with Crane's unsolved murder in a motel room in Scottsdale, Ariz. in 1978. Tim Story's Barbershop (Sept. 13), written by Mark Brown stars Ice Cube as Calvin Palmer, Anthony Anderson as J.D., Cedric the Entertainer as Eddie, Sean Patrick Thomas as Jimmy James, Eve as Terri Jones, and Troy Garrity as Isaac Rosenberg in a day in a South Side Chicago barbershop. Shawn Levy's Big Fat Liar (Feb. 8) stars Frankie Muniz as Jason Shepard, a boy whose essay gets turned into a Hollywood flick by producer Marty Wolf (Paul Giamatti) without his knowledge, causing him to come collecting. Ridley Scott's Black Hawk Down (Jan. 18), filmed in the Moroccan city of Sale stars Josh Hartnett, Ewan McGregor, Tom Sizemore, Eric Bana et al., about the 1993 U.S. Mogadishu fiasco when 123 elite U.S. soldiers got trapped and ate their motto "Leave No Man Behind". John Stockwell's Blue Crush (Aug. 16) (Imagine Entertainment) (Universal Pictures) debuts, based on the article "Life's Swell" by Susan Orlean, starring Kate Bosworth as hotel maid Anne Marie, who likes to surf Oahu's North Shore, hooking up with football player Matt Tollman (Matthew Davis) and Eden (Michelle Rodriguez); features cameos from real-life surfers incl. Layne Beachley, Tom Carroll, Bruce Irons, Jamie O'Brien, and Makua Rothman; does $51.8M box office on a $25M budget. Michael Moore's Bowling for Columbine (Oct. 9) examines gun control in the U.S. from a leftist anti-gun perspective; "Are we a nation of gun nuts, or just a nation of nuts?"; too bad, he descends into too many obvious falsehoods, incl. that the white English colonists of Am. invented the "genius idea" of African slavery, and that the Africanized "killer bee" is no threat to the U.S., when it reached the U.S. in 1990, spreads through the S U.S. this year, followed by SW Ark. in June 2005 and New Orleans, La. in Sept. 2007. Patrick Stettner's The Business of Strangers (May 3) stars CEO Stockard Channing and bad girl asst. Julia Stiles as two businesswomen getting revenge on rapist Fred Weller, but not really, and not really, and not really?; Psalms 58:10? Steven Spielberg's Catch Me If You Can (Dec. 25), based on the book by Frank Abagnale Jr. stars Leonardo DiCaprio as Abagnale, who cons his way into millions of dollars worth of checks by posing as a Pan Am pilot, doctor, and legal prosecutor; film debut of Amy Adams (1974-) as his babe Brenda Strong. Adam Curtis' The Century of the Self is a BBC documentary showing how pshrinks Sigmund Freud, Anna Freud, Edward Louis Bernays et al. were used by big govt. and corps. to control the pop. Roger Michell's Changing Lanes (Apr. 12) (Paramount Pictures) stars Ben Affleck as NYC atty. Gavin Banek, who is rushing to court to file a power of appointment signed by a dead man who signed his foundation over to his law firm, and has a car collision on FDR Drive with insurance salesman Doyle Gipson (Samuel L. Jackson), who is trying to gain custody of his children before his estranged wife takes them to Ore., getting into a one-upmanship war; does $94.9M box office on a $45M budget; "Doyle Gipson is a man of no honor at all." Rob Marshall's Chicago (Dec. 10), based on the play by Maurine Dallas Watkins and book by Bob Fosse stars Catherine Zeta-Jones as Velma Kelly, and Renee Zellweger as Roxie Hart, two babes on death row in 1920s Chicago, who sing and dance their way out of murder raps with the help of suave atty. Billy Flynn (Richard Gere), while prison matron Queen Latifah watches over them; features the song Cell Block Tango ("Pop, six, squish, uh huh, Cicero, Lipschitz"); #10 movie of 2002 ($171M) - if you don't believe me rub my belly? Fernando Meirelles' City of God (Aug. 30), based on the 1997 Paulo Lins novel (based on a true story) is a super-violent movie set in the Cidade de Deus shantytown (favel) of W Rio de Janeiro, starring Alexandre Rodrigues, Leandro Firmino, Phellipe Haagensen and Douglas Silva, that becomes an art house hit; "We need to rob some rich man's house. That's the only way to get out of here". Tamra Davis' Crossroads (Feb. 15), written by Shonda Rhimes (1970-) stars pop singer Britney Spears in her film debut as Lucy Wagner, Zoe Saldana as Kit, and Taryn Manning as Mimi, three childhood friends who go on a cross-country trip with Ben Kimble (Anson Mount), a guy they just met; does $61M box office on a $10M budget; Mount is nominated for a Golden Raspberry Award for the performance, but not by name. Lee Tamahori's Die Another Day (Nov. 22) (Eon Productions) (MGM) (20th Cent. Fox) (James Bond 007 film #20) (40th anniv. of "Dr. No") stars Pierce Brosnan as James Bond (4th and last time), Halle Berry as Giacinta "Jinx" Johnson, Rosamund Pike (Oxford friend of Chelsea Clinton) in her film debut as double-agent temptress Miranda Frost, and Toby Stephens as bad guy Gustav Graves/Col. Moon; does a record $431.97M box office on a $142M budget; the Die Another Day Theme is sung by Madonna. Callie Khouri's Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood (June 7) stars Sandra Bullock as New York playwright Sidda Lee Walker, whose rift with her eccentric benemil (benzedrine-miltown) gulping La. mother Vivi (Ellyn Burnstyn and Ashley Judd) takes the intervention of the sisterhood of Vivi, Teensy, Caro, and Necie, who met as little girls in 1930; guaranteed to make men gag? Stephen Fears' Dirty Pretty Things (Dec. 13) stars Okwe as Chiwetel Ejiofor, a Nigerian immigrant to London, who discovers a human heart in the toilet of a West End hotel and hooks up with Turkish maid Senay Gelik (Audrey Tautou). Nuri Bilge Ceylan's Distant (Dec. 20) portrays Turkey as intriguing in a tale of two men heading in different directions. Ellory Elkayem's Eight Legged Freaks (July 17 (Centropolis Entertainment (Village Roadshow Pictures) (Warner Bros. Pictures) is a horror comedy starring David Arquette as Chris McCormick, and Kari Wuhrer as Sheriff Samantha Parker of Prosperity, Ariz., who fight giant jumping man-eating mutant spiders created by toxic waste; does $45M box office on a $30M budget; dedicated to David Arquette's father Lewis Arquette, who died in 2001 of heart failure, and producer Dean Devlin's parents Don Devlin and Pilar Seurat, who died of lung cancer in 2001 and 2002. The Emperor's Club (Sept. 9) (Universal Pictures) stars Kevin Kline as St. Benedict's Academy Roman history teacher William Hundert, and Emile Hirsch as rebellious pampered student Sedgewick Bell; does $16.3M box office on a $12.5M bueget. David Arquette, Kari Wuhrer, and Scott Terra; does $46M box office on a $30M budget. Michael Lehmann's 40 Days and 40 Nights (Mar. 1) is about Matt Sullivan (Josh Hartnett), who does the impossible and goes without sex for you know how many 24-hour periods. Martin Scorsese's Gangs of New York (Dec. 20) (Miramax), based on the 1927 book by Herbert Asbury stars Leonardo DiCaprio as Amsterdam Vallon, son of Priest Vallon (Liam Neeson), Daniel Day-Lewis as William "Bill the Butcher" Cutting, Jim Broadbent as Boss Tweed, John C. Reilly as Happy Jack Mulraney, and Cameron Diaz as pickpocket Jenny Everdeane in an attempted recreation of hellhole Five Points, Manhattan, New York City in 1862-3 incl. the Dead Rabbits and their bitter nativist gang enemies (the Bowery Boys?); does $193.8M box office on a $100M budget. On Dec. 20, 2002 Martin Scorsese's Gangs of New York (Miramax) debuts based on the 1927 book by Herbert Asbury, starring Leonardo DiCaprio as Amsterdam Vallon, son of Priest Vallon (Liam Neeson), Daniel Day-Lewis as William "Bill the Butcher" Cutting, Jim Broadbent as Boss Tweed, John C. Reilly as Happy Jack Mulraney, and Cameron Diaz as pickpocket Jenny Everdeane in an attempted recreation of hellhole Five Points, Manhattan, New York City in 1862-3 incl. the Dead Rabbits and their bitter nativist gang enemies (the Bowery Boys?); does $193.8M box office on a $100M budget. Robert Altman's Gosford Park (Jan. 4) stars Marrie Thomas, Michael Gambon, Kristin Scott Thomas et al. shows life in a 1932 English country house. Chris Columbus' Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (Nov. 15) continues the kiddie pocket-picking machine; #4 movie of 2002 ($262M). Gregor Hoblit's Hart's War (Feb. 15), based on the John Katzenbach novel stars Bruce Willis as Col. William A. McNamara, Colin Farrell as Lt. Thomas W. Hart (what, Willis isn't Hart?), and Terrence Howard as black Lt. Lincoln A. Scott, who gets framed for murder so that the trial can be used as a decoy for an escape plot. Chris Wedge's and Carlos Aldanha's Ice Age (Mar. 15) is an animated flick about a sabertooth tiger, sloth, and woolly mammoth who try to return a lost human infant to his tribe; "The Coolest Event in 16,000 Years"; #9 movie of 2002 ($176M). Betty Thomas' I Spy (Nov. 1) stars Owen Wilson as Alex Scott, and Eddie Murphy as Kelly Robinson in a lame remake of the TV series. Jeff Tremaine's Jackass: The Movie stars Johnny Knoxville and his band of maniacs performing gross-out gags and stunts on the big screen, such as medicine ball dodgeball in the dark, turning a dwarf into a fastball with a parachute and fan, riding a fire hose for a "rodeo", a Sumo wrestler jumping on the dwarf in bed, and a brave man sticking his penis into a snake terrarium for a "puppet show". Nick Cassavetes' John Q (Feb. 15) (released the day after Valentine's Day, ha ha) stars Denzel Washington as disgruntled father John Quincy Archibald, who holds the emergency room of a hospital hostage to force them to give his son a heart transplant; makes Washington the go-to man for crazed killer roles?; stars James Woods as Dr. Raymond Turner, Robert Duvall as Lt. Frank Grimes, and Kimberly Elise as Denise Archibald; does $102M box office on a $36M budget. Kathryn Bigelow's K-19: The Widowmaker (July 19), about the Soviet Union's first nuclear ballistic submarine, which suffers a reactor malfunction in the North Atlantic in 1961 stars Liam Neeson as Capt. Mikhail Polenin, and Harrison Ford as Capt. Alexei Vostrikov. Nanette Burnstein and Brett Morgen's The Kid Stays in the Picture (Jan. 18), based on the 1994 autobio. of famous Paramount producer Robert Evans ("The Godfather", "Rosemary's Babe", "Love Story", "The Odd Couple") stars Evans as himself. Lisa Cholodenko's Laurel Canyon (May 18) (Sony Pictures) stars Christian Bale as new pshrink Sam, Kate Beckinsale as his babe Alex, Frances McDormand as Sam's bi mother Jane, and Natascha McElhone as Sam's other babe Sara in a revolving middle class LA love triangle; does $4.4M box office. Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (Dec. 5) (New Line Cinema) continues the J.R.R. Tolkien trilogy; #2 movie of 2002 ($340M U.S. and $926M worldwide box office on a $94M budget). Barry Sonnenfeld's Men in Black II (July 3) (Columbia Pictures) continues the 1997 saga of Agent J (James Darrell Edward III) (Will Smith), who must restore the memory of retired Agent K (Kevin Brown) (Tommy Lee Jones) to save the world again; co-stars Lara Flynn Boyle as alien queen Serleena, Rip Torn as Chief Zed, Tony Shalhoub as Jack Jeebs, Patrick Warburton as Agent T, and Paige Brooks as Princess Lauranna; features a cameo by Peter Graves; #8 movie of 2002 ($190M U.S. and $441.8M box office on a $140M budget). Brad Silberling's Moonlight Mile (Sept. 27) (Touchstone Pictures) (original titles "Baby's in Black" and "Goodbye Hello"), based on Silberstein's babe Rebecca Schaeffer, who was killed by an obsessed fan in 1989 and set in 1973 stars Jake Gyllenhaal as Joe Nast, whose babe Diana Floss (Careena Melia) was killed in a restaurant in Cape Ann, Mass., and Dustin Hoffman as her father Ben Floss, who go into business as Floss & Son, until Joe finally confesses that he broke up with her three days before her murder; Susan Sarandon plays Diana's mother Jojo; does $10M box office on a $21M budget. Satoshi Kon's Millennium Actress (Sept. 14) is a Japanime that debuts Kon's sensory overload capabilities. Steven Speilberg's Minority Report (June 19) (Amblin Entertainment) (20th Cent. Fox) (DreamWorks Pictures), based on a short story by Philip K. Dick about a society that arrests you before you commit the crime, set in 2054 Washington, D.C. stars Tom Cruise as PreCrime Capt. John Anderton, Colin Farrell as DOJ agent Danny Witwer, Samantha Morton as senior precog Agatha Lively, and Max von Sydow as her boss dir. Lamar Burgess; brings in $358.M worldwide box office on a $102M budget. Mark Pellington's The Mothman Prophecies (Jan. 25) (Lakeshore Entertainment), based on the 1975 book by John Keel based on real events in Point Pleasant, W.Va. in Nov. 1966 and Dec. 1967 stars Richard Gere as journalist John Klein, who investigates a dream by Officer Connie Mills (Laura Linney) about a red-eyed flying creature telling her "Wake up, Number 37"; Will Patton plays Gordon Smallwood; does $55.1M box office on a $32M budget. Joel Zwick's My Big Fat Greek Wedding (Aug. 2) written by Nia Vardalos stars her as Fotoula "Toula" Portokalos (Gr. for orange), who marries non-Greek Ian Miller (Gr. for apple) (John Corbett), and must convince her family to accept him; Michael Constantine plays Windex-toting daddy Kostas "Gus" Portokalos, Lainie Kazan plays his wife Maria, Bruce Gray and Fiona Reid play daddy Rodney and mommy Harriet Miller; #5 movie of 2002 ($241M); highest-grossing U.S. movie to never reach #1 at the box office during any weekend. Ismail Merchant's and James Ivory's The Mystic Masseur (Oct. 5), based on the V.S. Naipaul novel, filmed in Trinidad stars Aasif Mandavi as Trinidad teacher Ganesh Ramseyor, who is determined to write a book, moves to Port of Spain, becomes a "mystic masseur" (one who can cure the sick), becomes a star, and goes into politics. Godfrey Reggio's Naqoyqatsi: Life as War is the sequel to "Koyaanisqatsi" (1983) and "Powaqqatsi" (1988). Joel Schumacher's Phone Booth (Sept. 10) (20th Cent. Fox) (delayed until Apr. 4, 2003 due to the Beltway Sniper attacks) stars Colin Farrell as NYC publicist Stuart "Stu" Shepard, who cheats on his wife Kelly (Radha Mitchell) with Pamela McFadden (Katie Holmes), and gets trapped in a you know what by extortionist with a laser rifle Kiefer Sutherland, bringing the NYPD led by Capt. Ed Ramey (Forest Whitaker), and ending in an exciting conclusion with a twist; "A ringing phone has to be answered, doesn't it?"; does $97.8M box office on a $13M budget. Steve Guttenberg's P.S. Your Cat is Dead!, based on the 1972 book by "A Chorus Line" writer James Kirkwood Jr. stars Guttenberg and Lombardo Boyar as loser Jimy Zoole and gay burglar Eddie Tesoro, who become friends. Paul Thomas Anderson's Punch-Drunk Love (Nov. 1) stars Adam Sandler as toilet plunger co. owner Barry Egan, and Emily Watson as his babe Lena Leonard, whom he courts while trying to amass frequently-flier miles by buying tons of pudding and frequenting phone-sex hotlines; a box-office flop, but a critical success for Sandler's dark side and range? Phillip Noyce's Rabbit-Proof Fence (Feb. 4), based on the book "Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence" by Doris Pilkington Garimara tells the true story of two mixed-race Aboriginal girls in 1931 Australia who run away from Moore River Native Settlement in Perth and trek for 9 weeks and 1.5K mi. to return to their Aboriginal mother in Jigalong while being tracked by whites; the claim that they were sent to the settlement to "breed out the color" is false, because they were realy removed for having sex with white men? Pamela Cordoso's Real Women Have Curves is the film debut of America Ferrera as a bright East Los Angeles garment worker whose Beverly Hills H.S. teacher Mr. Guzman (George Lopez) coaxes to go to Columbia U. Brett Ratner's Red Dragon (Oct. 4), based on the Thomas Harris novel stars Anthony Hopkins as Dr. Hannibal Lector, Edward Norton as psychic FBI agent Will Graham, and Ralph Fiennes as "Tooth Fairy" Francis Dolarhyde. Gore Verbinski's The Ring (DreamWorks Pictures) (Oct. 18), a remake of the 1998 Japanese horror film "Ring" based on the Koji Suzuki novel stars Naomi Watts and David Dorfman as Rachel and Aidan Keller, who investigate a cursed videotape that kills anybody who views it seven days later; does $249.3M box office on a $48M budget; followed by "The Ring Two" (2005) and "Rings" (2017). Sam Mendes' Road to Perdition (July 12), based on the graphic novel by Max Allan Collins and Richard Piers Rayner stars Tyler Hoechlin as Michael Sullivan Jr., who witnesses what his hit man daddy Michael (Tom Hanks) does for a living. Chuck Russell's The Scorpion King (Apr. 19) stars the Rock (Dwayne Johnson), who receives a record $5.5M for an actor in his first starring role; the Gomorrah Bazaar sequences are filmed on the 1960 Spartacus backlot set at Universal Studios. Harry Gantz and Joe Gantz's Sex with Strangers (Jan.) is a documentary. Lasse Hallstrom's The Shipping News (Jan. 11), based on the Annie Proulx novel stars Kevin Spacey as Quoyle, who had a bad childhood and hates water. M. Night Shyamalan's Signs (Aug. 2) stars Mel Gibson as Rev. Graham Hess, who deals with crop circles and ridiculous water-hating ETs; #6 movie of 2002 ($228M in the U.S., $408M worldwide on a $72M budget). Steven Soderbergh's Solaris (Nov. 29) (20th Cent. Fox), based on the 1961 sci-fi novel by Stanislaw Lem and Andrei Tarkovsky's 1972 film stars George Clooney as Dr. Chris Klein, who meets his dead wife Rheya (Natascha McElhone) aboard a space station where people working for the DBA Corp. have been dying; does $30M box office on a $47M budget (bad trailers?). Sam Raimi's Spider-Man (May 3), based on the Stan Lee and Steve Ditko comic book char. stars meek sensitive Tobey Maguire as Peter Parker, who is turned by a radioactive spider into a superhero; Kirsten Dunst plays his girlfriend Mary Jane Watson; Willem Dafoe plays bad guy Green Goblin AKA Norman Osborn, whose son Harry Osborn (James Franco) is Parker's best friend; Jonathan K. Simmons plays "Daily Bugle" ed. J. Jonah Jameson; does $404M worldwide on a $139M budget; trailers showing the WTC are yanked from theaters. Stuart Baird's Star Trek: Nemesis (Dec. 13) brings the ST:TNG series to a screeching Romulan flopping thud; stars Tom Hardy as Reman Praetor Shinzon; brings in $43M in the U.S. and $67M worldwide on a $60M budget. George Lucas' Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones (May 16) featuring Anakin Skywalker and Padme in a forbidden romance, bringing in $311M in the U.S. (#3 in 2002) and $648.3M worldwide. Philip Alden Robinson's The Sum of All Fears (May 31), based on the 1991 Tom Clancy novel stars miscast wet-behind-the-ears Ben Affleck as Jack Ryan, who must stop a nuke from going off during the Super Bowl in Baltimore, then stop the U.S. and Russia from annihilating each other by proving it was done by neo-Nazis; James Cromwell plays pres. Bob Fowler, and Morgan Freeman plays DCI William Cabot; the book is way better since the bad guys are Palestinians and the Red Army Faction, and the nuke goes off in TLW's Denver not Baltimore? Andy Tennant's Sweet Home Alabama (Sept. 27) stars Reese Witherspoon as Southern white trash girl Melanie Smooter, who runs away from her redneck hubby Jake Perry (Josh Lucas) and becomes New York fashion designer socialite Melanie Carmichael, then decides that there's no place like home. Simon Wells' The Time Machine (Mar. 8) stars Guy Pearce as Alexander Hartdegen, and Mark Addy as David Filby in a lame remake of the 1960 classic. Adrian Lyne's Unfaithful (May 10), a remake of the 1969 Claude Chabrol film stars Diane Lane as Connie Sumner, who cheats on faithful hubby Ed (Richard Gere) with young stud Olivier Martinez despite a seemingly happy marriage. Randall Wallace's We Were Soldiers (Mar. 1) (Paramount), based on the 1992 book by Lt. Gen. Hal Moore and Joseph L. Galloway about the Nov. 14, 1965 Battle of Ia Drang stars Mel Gibson as Moore, Madeleine Stowe as his wife Julia, Sam Elliott as Sgt. Maj. Basil L. Plumiey, and Greg Kinnear as Maj. Bruce P. Crandall; "Custer was a wussy" (Elliott); does $114.7M box office on a $75M budget. Cathy Malkasian and Jeff McGrath's The Wild Thornberrys Movie (Dec. 20) is an animated flick about Debbie and her sister Eliza, who has to give up her power to talk to the animals to save her. Peter Kosminsky's White Oleander (Oct. 11), based on the 1999 novel by Janet Fitch about a girl whose mother's life imprisonment causes her to have to endure numerous foster families stars Michelle Pfeiffer as Ingrid and Alison Lohman as Astrid Magnussen. Plays: Edward Albee (1928-), The Goat, or Who is Sylvia? (John Golden Theater, New York) (Mar. 10) (309 perf.); an architect falls in love with a goat; title comes from Shakespeare's "The Two Gentlemen of Verona"; the Broadway debut of Sally Fields. Alan Ayckbourne, Snake in the Grass (Stephen Joseph Theatre, Scarborough) (June 5); two middle-aged women return to the house of their dead abusive father. John Breen, Alone It Stands; the 12-0 1978 rugby V by the Irish Munster team over the Kiwi All Blacks. Moira Buffini, Dinner (Nat. Theatre, London) (Oct. 18). Lonnie Carter, The Romance of Magno Rubio (New York) (Oct.); a lovesick Filipino farmworker. Caryl Churchill (1938-), A Number (Sept. 23); human cloning. Christopher Durang (1949-), Mrs. Bob Cratchit's Wild Christmas Binge (City Theater, Pittsburgh) (Nov. 7); "What if Dickens' Mrs. Cratchit wasn't so goody-goody, but instead was an angry, stressed-out modern-day American woman who wanted out of this harsh London 1840s life?" Ben Elton (1959-), We Will Rock You (rock musical) (Dominion Theatre, West End, London) (4,659 perf.); the music of Queen, becoming the longest running musical in West End history (until ?). Nora Ephron (1941-2012), Marvin Hamlisch (1944-2012), and Craig Carnelia (1946-), Imaginary Friends (Ethel Barrymore Theater, New York) (Dec. 12) (76 perf.); Ephron's first play; stars Cherry Jones as Mary McCarthy, and Swoosie Kurtz as Lillian Hellman. David French (1939-), Soldier's Heart; Mercer play #5. Jeremy Gable, Algor Mortis. William Gibson (1914-2008), Golda's Balcony (Shakespeare & Co., Berkshires); a rewrite of his 1977 play "Gilda" to reduce it to a monologue; stars Tovah Feldshuh. Peter Gill, The York Realist (Royal Court Theatre, London) (Jan.); George and John, two English boys in love, played by Lloyd Owen and Richard Coyle. Richard Greenberg, Take Me Out (Joseph Papp Theater, New York) (Sept. 5); gay baseball player Darren Lemming comes out, freaking his fellow players. David Greig, Outlying Islands; two ornithologists in 1939. John Guare (1938-), A Few Stout Individuals. Carrie Hamilton (1963-2002) and Carol Burnett, Hollywood Arms (Goodman Theatre, Chicago) (Apr. 9); based on Burnett' s memoir "One More Time" about Hollywood in 1945-51; her daughter Carrie Hamilton dies on Jan. 20 before the debut. Christopher Hampton (1946-), The Talking Cure. Peter Handke (1942-), Underground Blues. David Hare (1947-), The Breath of Life. Rupert Holmes, Say Goodnight, Gracie (Helen Hayes Theater, New York) (Oct. 10) (364 perf.); stars Frank Gorshin as George Burns, and Didi Conn as the voice of Gracie Allen; Swango (musical); stars Mariela Franganillo and Robert Royston. Tina Howe (1937-), Rembrandt's Gift. Tony Kushner (1956-), Caroline, or Change (musical) (Joseph Papp Theater, New York); Helen (Joseph Papp Theater, New York). Kenneth Lonergan (1962-), Lobby Hero. Steve Martin (1945-), The Underpants (Classic Stage Co., New York) (Apr. 4); based on the 1910 play "Die Hose" by Carl Sternheim (1878-1942). Frank McGuinness (1953-), Gates of Gold (Gate Theatre, Dublin). Mark Medoff (1940-), The Same Life Over. Arthur Miller (1915-2005), Resurrection Blues (Guthrie Theater, Minneapolis) (Aug. 9). Tim O'Malley (1957-), Godshow; autobio. play about his career at Second City in Chicago in the 1990s. March Shaiman (1959-), Scott Wittman (1954-), Mark O'Donnell (1954-2012), and Thomas Meehan (1929-), Hairspray (musical) (Neil Simon Theatre, New York) (Aug. 15) (2,642 perf.); based on the 1988 John Waters film, set in 1962 Baltimore, Md., where obese teenie Tracy Turnblad (Marissa Jaret Winokur) achieves her dream of dancing on The Corny Collins Show (based on The Buddy Deane Show), then launches a campaign to integrate it; Harvey Fierstein plays Tracy's mother Edna, and Linda Hart plays producer Velma Von Tussle; "Broadway's big fat musical comes out". Richard M. Sherman (1928-), Richard B. Sherman (1925-2012), and Jeremy Sams (1957-), Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (musical) (London Palladium, West End, London) (Apr. 16) (Lyric Theatre, New York) (Apr. 28, 2005) (285 perf.); based on the 1968 film; dir. by Adrian Noble; choreography by Gillian Lynne; the West End production features the £750K flying Chitty car, which becomes the world's most expensive stage prop (until ?), requiring the Palladium's revolving stage to be removed. Simon Stephens (1971-), Port. Tom Stoppard (1937-), The Coast of Utopia (Nat. Theatre, London) (June 22); incl. "Voyage", "Shipwreck", "Salvage", about Russia in 1833-66. August Wilson (1945-2005), Gem of the Ocean (Eugene O'Neill Theater, Waterford, Conn.); first in the 10-play Pittsburgh Cycle; set in 1904 at 1839 Wylie Ave. in Pittsburgh's Hill District; 285-y.-o. matriarch Aunt Ester welcomes Solly Two Kings and Citizen Barlow into her home. Poetry: John Ash (1948-), The Anatolikon. Frank Bidart (1939-), Music Like Dirt (Apr. 15); only poetry chapbook ever nominated for a Pulitzer Prize? Caroline Bird (1987-), Spilt Milk. Turner Cassity (1929-2009), No Second Eden (Oct. 31); incl. "A Member of the Mystik Krewe", "The Metrist at the Operetta", "Stylization and Its Failures", and "WTC"; "Against the best advice, We put up Babel twice." Billy Collins (1941-), Nine Horses. Michael Crummey (1965-), Salvage (Mar. 26). Carl Dennis (1939-), Practical Gods (Pulitzer Prize). Jorie Graham (1950-), Never. Donald Hall Jr. (1928-), The Painted Bed (Apr. 11). Michael S. Harper (1938-), Selected Poems. Elizabeth Jennings (1926-2001), New Collected Poems (posth.) (Apr. 2). Czeslaw Milosz (1911-2004), The Second Space. Sharon Olds (1942-), The Unswept Room. Mary Oliver (1935-), What Do We Know. Linda Pastan (1932-), The Last Uncle. John Ross (1938-2011), Against Amnesia. Philip Schultz (1945-), The Holy Worm of Praise. Gerald Stern (1925-), American Sonnets. James Tate (1943-), Memoir of the Hawk. David Wagoner (1926-), The House of Song. Charles Wright (1935-), A Short History of the Shadow. Robert Wilson (1941-), Richard Strauss' Die Frau Ohne Schatten (Opera Bastille, Paris). Robert Wilson (1941-) and Tom Waits (1949-), George Buchner's Woyzeck. Novels: Brian Aldiss (1925-), Super-State. Isabel Allende (1942-), City of the Beasts. Gwenaelle Aubry (1971-), The Detached (L'Isolée); about prisoner Margot, distant sister of Florence Rey, and her love for Peter. Louis Auchincloss (1917-), Manhattan Monologues (short stories). Jean Marie Auel (1936-), The Shelters of Stone (Apr. 30); Earth's Children #5; Ayala and Jondalar in the Ninth Cave of the Zelandonii. Paul Benjamin Auster (1947-), The Book of Illusions. Richard Bach (1936-), The Ferret Chronicles (2002-3). Clive Barker (1952-), Abarat; first of the Abarat Quintet. Alonso Sanchez Baute, To Hell with the Goddamn Spring; turned into a play by Colombian dir. Jorge Ali Triana in 2004. Greg Bear (1951-), Vitals; about scientist Hal Cousins, who seeks immortality. Ann Beattie (1947-), The Doctor's House. Maeve Binchy (1940-), Quentins. Barbara Taylor Bradford (1933-), Three Weeks in Paris (Feb.). David Brin (1950-), Kiln (Kil'n) People. Anita Brookner (1928-), The Bay of Angels. Rita Mae Brown (1944-), Alma Mater. James Lee Burke (1936-), Jolie Blon's Bounce; White Doves at Morning. A.S. Byatt (1936-), A Whistling Woman. Christopher Buckley (1952-), No Way to Treat a First Lady. James Lee Burke (1936-), White Doves at Morning. Robert Olen Butler (1945-), Fair Warning. Jonathan Carroll, White Apples; Chaos personified sets out to control the world, and all that stands in his way is the unborn child Anjo. Stephen L. Carter (1955-), The Emperor of Ocean Park (first novel); black univ. pres. Lemaster Carlyle, his divinity school dean wife Julia and daughter Vanessa in Conn., and a black judge tarnished by confirmation hearings; sells it for a $1M advance; "not a roman-a-clef on Yale University". Tom Clancy (1947-2013), Red Rabbit. Mary Higgins Clark (1927-), Daddy's Little Girl. Andrei Codrescu (1946-), Cananova in Bohemia. J.M. Coetzee (1940-), Youth: Scenes from Provincial Life II (fictional autobio.). Jackie Collins (1937-), Deadly Embrace; sequel to "Lethal Seduction". Pat Conroy (1945-), My Losing Season; autobio. novel about his senior season as starting point guard on the Citadel basketball team in 1966-7 and its 8-17 record. Catherine Cookson (1906-98), Silent Lady (posth.). Robert Coover (1932-), The Adventures of Lucky Pierre (Director's Cut). Michael Crichton (1942-2008), Prey. Justin Cronin, Mary and O'Neil (first novel). John Crowley (1942-), The Translator. Mitch Cullin, UnderSurface. Marie Darrieussecq (1969-), The Baby (Le Bébé); autobio. novel about her new baby, complaining of the lack of babies as subjects in lit. Margaret Drabble (1939-), The Seven Sisters. Dave Eggers, You Shall Know Our Velocity (Sept.). Jeffrey Eugenides (1960-), Middlesex (Pulitzer Prize); 41-y.-o. Greek-Am. hermaphrodite Cal Stephanides AKA Calliope; "I was born twice: first, as a baby girl, on a remarkably smogless Detroit day in January of 1960; and then again, as a teenage boy, in an emergency room near Petoskey, Michigan, in August of 1974." Jonathan Safran Foer (1977-), Everything Is Illuminated (first novel) (Apr.). Ken Follett (1949-), Hornet Flight. Michael Frayn (1933-), Spies. Bruce Jay Friedman (1930-), Violencia! A Musical Novel (Jan. 9); NY homicide dept. clerk Paul Gurney quits his job to write a musical play about a homicide dept. Carlos Fuentes (1928-2012), The Eagle's Throne; a future world where everybody wants to be president; U.S. Pres. Condoleezza Rice in 2020? William Gaddis (1922-98), Agape Agape (last work) (posth.); The Rush for Second Place (posth.). Julia Glass (1956-), Three Junes (first novel); bestseller about Scotman Paul McLeod and his three grown sons, incl. gay Greenwich Village bookstore owner Fenno and his buds Malachy Burns, Tony and Mal, and Fern Olitsky. Nadine Gordimer (1923-), The Pickup; white Julie Summers and Arab immigrant Abdu. Winston Graham (1908-2003), Bella Poldark; #12 (last) in the Poldark Saga (begun 1945). John Grisham (1955-), The Summons. Denis Guedj, The Parrot's Theorem (first novel); Parisian bookseller Pierre Ruch, his colleague Elgar Grosrouvre, and a math-savvy parrot. Pete Hamill (1935-), Forever. Laurell K. Hamilton, Narcissus in Chains; Anita Blake, an erotic federal marshal who specializes in hunting vampires? Everette Lynn Harris (1955-2009), Any Way the Wind Blows. Adam Haslett (1970-), You Are Not a Stranger Here (short stories) (debut). Aleksandar Hemon (1964-), Nowhere Man. Patricia Highsmith (1921-95), Nothing That Meets the Eye: The Uncollected Stories (posth.). Oscar Hijuelos (1951-), A Simple Habana Melody. Tony Hillerman (1925-), The Wailing Wind. Russell Hoban (1925-), The Bat Tattoo. Townsend Hoopes (1922-2004), A Textured Web. Denis Johnson (1949-), Train Dreams. Ward Just (1935-), The Weather in Berlin. Thomas Keneally (1935-), An Angel in Australia (Office of Innocence). John Kessel (1950-), Stories for Men. Elias Khoury (1948-), Yalo. Sue Monk Kidd (1948-), The Secret Life of Bees (first novel); set in 1964 during the passage of the U.S. Civil Rights Act; filmed in 2008. Dean Koontz (1945-), By the Light of the Moon in Dec. Judith Krantz (1928-), Scruples 2; sequel to 1978 book. Nicole Krauss (1974-), Man Walks Into a Room (first novel). Deborah Larsen, The White; about Mary Jemison, kidnapped in Penn. by Indians in 1758. Brad Leithauser (1953-), Darlington's Fall: A Novel in Verse. Jeffrey Lent, Lost Nation; mysterious rogue Blood in 19th cent. N N.H. Elmore Leonard (1925-), When the Women Come Out to Dance (short stories); Tishomingo Blues. Eric Maisel (1947-), The Van Gogh Blues. Bobbie Ann Mason (1940-), Zigzagging Down a Wild Trail (short stories). Colleen McCullough (1937-), The October Horse (Nov. 7); Masters of Rome #6; Julius Caesar's last years and the rise of Octavian. Alice McDermott (1953-), Child of My Heart. Thomas McGuane (1939-), The Cadence of Grass. Emma McLaughlin and Nicola Kraus, The Nanny Diaries. Larry McMurtry (1936-), All My Friends Are Going to Be Strangers; novelist Danny Deck; Paradise. Stanley Middleton (1919-2009), Love in the Provinces. Anchee Min (1957-), Wild Ginger. Susan Minot (1956-), Rapture. David Mitchell (1969-), Numer9Dream. Minae Mizumura, A Real Novel; Emily Bronte's "Wuthering Heights" reset in post-WWII Japan. Christopher Moore (1957-), Lamb: The Gospel Accoding to Biff, Christ's Childhood Pal. Richard K. Morgan (1965-), Altered Carbon; cyberpunk novel starring antihero Takeshi Kovacs, about the 26th cent., in which dead people can have their cortical stacks downloaded into new bodies (sleeves), except for Catholics, who believe their soul goes to Heaven, making them targets for murder. David Morrell (1943-), Long Lost. Sir John Mortimer (1923-2009), Rumple and the Primrose Path. Walter Mosley (1952-), Bad Boy Brawly Brown; Easy Rawlins #7. Haruki Murakami (1949-), Kafka on the Shore; the Oedipal quest; English trans. 2005. Bill Neugent, No Outward Sign. Heidi Neumark (1954-), Breathing Space: A Spiritual Journey in the South Bronx; Lutheran minister welcomes LBGTs, and decides it's okay to use non-gender names for God. Joyce Carol Oates (1938-), I'll Take You There. Tim O'Brien (1946-), July, July. Stewart O'Nan (1961-), Wish You Were Here. Simon J. Ortiz (1941-), Out There Somewhere. Amos Oz (1939-), A Tale of Love and Darkness; autobio. novel; English trans. 2004. Chuck Palahniuk (1962-), Lullaby. Robert Brown Parker (1932-2010), Widow's Walk; Spenser #29; Shrink Rap; Sunny Randall #3. James Patterson (1947-), 2nd Chance. Arthur Phillips (1969-), Prague (first novel); Budapest students view going to Prague like the aging boomers of "The Big Chill" view idealism? Jodi Picoult (1966-), Perfect Match. Steven Pressfield (1943-), Last of the Amazons; King Thesus of Athens sails to their island. Reynolds Price (1933-), Noble Norfleet. Michael Punke (1964-), The Revenant: A Novel of Revenge; Am. frontiersman Hugh Glass in 1823 Missouri Territory is mauled by a bear and left for dead by his companions, causing him to go on a revenge tour; filmed in 2015 by Alejandro G. Inarritu. Anne Rice (1941-), Blackwood Farm; #9 in the Vampire Chronicles; Tarquin "Quinn" Blackwood. Kim Stanley Robinson (1952-), The Years of Rice and Salt; an alternate world where almost everybody in Europe dies in the 14th cent. Black Death, allowing the non-Euros incl. the Chinese and the Muslims to share the world. Joel C. Rosenberg (1967-), The Last Jihad (first novel); allegedly written 9 mo. before 9/11, about Islamic terrorists hijacking a jet and using it to attack a U.S. city, leading to a war with Saddam Hussein. Richard Russo (1949-), The Whore's Child and Other Stories. Karl Schroeder (1962-), Pemanence. Alice Sebold (1962-), The Lovely Bones (first novel); bestseller about a raped and murdered teen girl who watches from heaven; "My name is Salmon, like the fish; first name, Susie, I was 14 when I was murdered on December 6, 1973." Hubert Selby Jr. (1928-2004), Waiting Period. Mary Lee Settle (1918-2005), I, Roger Williams. Jeffrey Shaara (1952-), The Glorious Cause; 1776-83 U.S. Akhil Sharma, An Obedient Father (first novel). Anita Shreve (1946-), Sea Glass. Dan Simmons (1948-), A Winter Haunting; Worlds Enough & Time (short stories). John Thomas Sladek (1937-2000), Maps (posth.); ed. David Langford. Lee Smith (1944-), The Last Girls. Zadie Smith (1975-), The Autograph Man; Jewish-Chinese Londoner Alex Li Tandem. Gilbert Sorrentino (1929-2006), Little Casino. Nicholas Sparks (1965-), Nights in Rodanthe (Sept.). Danielle Steel (1947-), The Cottage; Sunset in St. Tropez; Answered Prayers. David Storey (1933-), As It Happened. Whitley Strieber (1945-), Lilith's Dream. Donna Tartt (1963-), The Little Friend (Oct. 22); young Harriet Cleve Dufresnes in 1970s Miss., whose 9-y.-o. brother Robin is killed by hanging in 1964. Brad Thor (1969-), The Lions of Lucerne (first novel); ex-Navy SEAL Secret Service agent Scot Harvath rescues the U.S. pres. after he is kidnapped. Colm Toibin (1955-), Lady Gregory's Lightship. Simon Tolkien (1959-), The Stepmother (Final Witness); by J.R.R. Tolkien's grandson. Barry Unsworth (1930-2012), The Songs of the Kings. Vernor Vinge (1944-), Fast Times at Fairmont High. Bruce Alan Wagner (1954-), I'll Let You Go; #2 in the Cellular Trilogy. Jill Paton Walsh and Dorothy L. Sayers (1893-1957), A Presumption of Death; yet another Lord Peter Wimsey novel. Chris Ware, Jim Corrigan, the Smartest Kid on Earth (graphic novel). Irvine Welsh (1958-), Porno; sequel to "Trainspotting" (1983); 10 years later they make a porno movie. Paul West (1930-), A Fifth of November. Stephen White (1951-), Warning Signs (Mar.). Carrie Rosefsky Wickham, Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism and Political Change in Egypt. Richard Yates (1926-92), The Collected Stories of Richard Yates (posth.). Births: Am. dangling celeb kid Prince Michael Jackson II (Michael Joseph Jackson) (AKA Blanket) on Feb. 22; son of Michael Jackson and ?. Russian figure skater Alina Ilnazovna Zagitova on May 18 in Izhevsk, Udmurtia; of Tatar descent; named after Russian gymnast Alina Kabaeva; grows up in Moscow. Deaths: Am. world's oldest person (since June 2001) Maud Davis Farris-Luse (b. 1887) on Mar. 18 in Coldwater, Mich. Am. film editor Margaret Booth (b. 1898) on Oct. 28 in Los Angeles, Calif. English Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mum (b. 1900) on Mar. 30 in Royal Lodge, Windsor; dies in her sleep at age 101. German philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer (b. 1900) on Mar. 13 in Heidelberg; French philosopher Jacques Derrida writes his obit., expressing their past failure to find common ground as one of the worst debacles of his life, but expressing respect?: "I basically only read books that are over 2,000 years old"; "In fact history does not belong to us, but we belong to it"; "The self-awareness of the individual is only a flickering in the closed circuits of historical life." English novelist Angela du Maurier (b. 1904) on Feb. 5 in Wandsworth, London. Am. "Nancy Drew" novelist Mildred Augustine Wirt Benson (b. 1905) on May 28. Sicilian-born Am. crime boss Joe Bonanno (b. 1905) on May 12 in Tucson, Ariz. (heart failure). Austrian-born Am. biochemist Erwin Chargaff (b. 1905) on June 20 in New York City. Dominican Repub. pres. (1960-2, 1966-78, 1986-96) Joaquin Balaguer (b. 1906) on July 14 in Santo Domingo. Am. fundamentalist minister Carl McIntire (b. 1906) on Mar. 19 in Collingswood, N.J. English novelist Winifred Watson (b. 1906) on Aug. 5 in Newcastle, Tyne and Wear. Austrian-born Am. "Some Like It Hot" do-it-all filmmaker Billy Wilder (b. 1906) on Mar. 27 in Beverly Hills, Calif. (pneumonia): made 60 films in 50+ years; his headstone reads "I'm a writer but then nobody's perfect"; "Hindsight is 20/20"; "Of the [Hollywood] Ten, two had talent, and the rest were just unfriendly." Swedish "Pippi Longstocking" children's writer Astrid Lindgren (b. 1907) on Jan. 28 in Stockholm; sold 140M+ books worldwide. Am. TV Guide publisher Walter Hubert Annenberg (b. 1908) on Oct. 1 in Wynnewood, Penn.: "Education holds civilization together." Am. entertainer "Mr. Television" Milton Berle (b. 1908) on Mar. 27 in Los Angeles, Calif. (cancer); Dudley Moore and Billy Wilder die the same day, causing Tony Randall to call it "the Day Comedy Died". Am. "Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee" writer Dee Alexander Brown (b. 1908) on Dec. 12 in Little Rock, Ark. Am. artist Charles Henri Ford (b. 1908) on Sept. 27 in New York City. Am. jazz bandleader Lionel Hampton (b. 1908) on Aug. 31 in New York City (heart failure). Canadian-Armenian photographer Yousuf Karsh (b. 1908) on July 13 in Boston, Mass. Am. TV exec Pat Weaver (b. 1908) on Mar. 15 in Santa Barbara, Calif. Am. Baptist precher W.A. Criswell (b. 1909) on Jan. 10 in Dallas, Tex. German journalist Countess Marion Doenhoff (b. 1909) on Mar. 11. Am. astronomer Jesse Leonard Greenstein (b. 1909) on Oct. 21. Am. Mormon fundamentalist leader Rulon Jeffs (b. 1909) on Sept. 8 in St. George, Utah. Am. psychologist Neal Elgar Miller (b. 1909) on Mar. 23. English novelist William Cooper (b. 1910) on Sept. 5. Am. novelist Harriet Doerr (b. 1910) on Nov. 24 in Pasadena, Calif. Am. Christian theologian John F. Walvoord (b. 1910) on Dec. 20. Am. Lawrence Welk Show conductor George Cates (b. 1911) on May 12 in Santa Monica, Calif. Austrian-Am. cybernetics scientist Heinz von Foerster (b. 1911) on Oct. 2 in Pescadero, Calif. Am. "Inspector Frank Luger in Barney Miller" actor James Gregory (b. 1911) on Sept. 16 in Sedona, Ariz. Chilean painter Roberto Matta (b. 1911) on Nov. 23 in Civitavecchia, Italy. Am. radio astronomy pioneer Grote Reber (b. 1911) on Dec. 20 in Hobart, Tasmania. Am. physicist Lyle Benjamin Borst (b. 1912) on July 30 in Williamsville, N.Y. Am. black Air Force gen. #1 Benjamin Oliver Davis Jr. (b. 1912) on July 4 in Washington, D.C. Am. "Dr. Zachary Smith in Lost in Space" actor Jonathan Harris (b. 1914) on Nov. 3 in Encino, Calif. (blood clot). Am. Common Cause founder John William Gardner (b. 1912) on Feb. 16 in Palo Alto, Calif. (cancer): "Political extremism involves two prime ingredients: an excessively simple diagnosis of the world's ills, and a conviction that there are identifiable villains back of it all." Am. Jolly Rancher candy manufacturer Bill Harmsen (b. 1912) on Apr. 10 in Wheat Ridge, Colo. (prostate cancer). Am. golfer Sam Snead (b. 1912) on May 23 in Hot Springs, Va.; won seven majors, incl. three Masters, three PGA championships, and one British Open, but no U.S. Open; four 2nd place finishes; won the Greater Greensboro Open 8x. Austrian-born Am. economist Wolfgang Friedrich Stolper (b. 1912) on Mar. 31 in Ann Arbor, Mich. Peruvian pres. #85 (1963-8) and #88 (1980-5) Fernando Belaunde Terry (b. 1912) on June 4 in Lima. Am. writer Norman Oliver Brown (b. 1913) in Santa Cruz, Calif. Am. convicted liar CIA dir. (1966-73) Richard M. Helms (b. 1913) on Oct. 23. Am. ecologist Eugene Odum (b. 1913) on Aug. 10 in Athens, Ga. Am. legal scholar Eugene V. Rostow (b. 1913) on Nov. 25. Am. studio exec Lew Wasserman (b. 1913) on June 3 in Beverly Hills, Calif. Am. "Mayer Stoner in The Andy Griffith Show" actor Parley Baer (b. 1914) on Nov. 22 in Los Angeles, Calif. (stroke). Am. Heisman Trophy winner #1 (1935) Jay Berwanger (b. 1914) on June 26 in Oak Brook, Ill. Am. "Tom Chaney in True Grit" actor Jeff Corey (b. 1914) on Aug. 16 in Santa Monica, Calif. (lung cancer). Am. "Singin' in the Rain" lyricist-screenwriter Adolph Green (b. 1914) on Oct. 23. Norwegian "Kon-Tiki" explorer Thor Heyerdahl (b. 1914) on Apr. 18 in Colla Micheri, Italy (brain cancer). English theatrical dir. Joan Maud Littlewood (b. 1914) on Sept. 20 in London. Austrian-born British biochemist Max Perutz (b. 1914) on Feb. 6 in Cambridge; 1962 Nobel Chem. Prize. Indian guru Satchidananda Saraswati (b. 1914) on Aug. 19 in Tamil Nadu. Am. TV journalist Howard K. Smith (b. 1914) on Feb. 15 in Bethesda, Md. (pneumonia). British "Firewalker", "St. Ives" dir. J. Lee Thompson (b. 1914) on Aug. 30 in Sooke, B.C., Canada (heart failure). Am. JFK conspiracy theorist Harold Weisberg (b. 1914) on Feb. 21 in Frederick, Del. Am. "Roy Walley in National Lampoon's Vacation" actor Eddie Bracken (b. 1915) on Nov. 14 in Montclair, N.J. South African-born Israeli statesman Abba Eban (b. 1915) on Nov. 17 near Tel Aviv. Am. 1-armed baseball player Pete Gray (b. 1915) on June 30 in Nanticoke, Penn. British economic historian Sir John Habakkuk (b. 1915) on Nov. 3 in Chew Stoke, Somerset (renal failure and myelodysplasia). Swedish "Garbo replacement" actress Signe Hasso (b. 1915) on June 7 in Los Angeles, Calif. (pneumonia). Am. comic book writer Robert Kanigher (b. 1915) on May in Fishkill, N.Y. Am. sculptor Robert Lippold (b. 1915) on Aug. 22 in Roslyn, N.Y. Am. judge Mildred Lillie (b. 1915) on Oct. 27 in Los Angeles, Calif. Am. folklorist Alan Lomax (b. 1915) on July 19 in Safety Harbor, Fla. English Liberal politician Michael Young (b. 1915) on Jan. 14. Am. writer Bruce Bliven Jr. (b. 1916) on Jan. 2 in Manhattan, N.Y. Spanish writer Camilo Jose Cela (b. 1916) on Jan. 17 in Madrid (heart failure). English anthropologist John Desmond Clark (b. 1916) on Feb. 14 in Oakland, Calif. (pneumonia). Am. Barbie doll inventor Ruth Handler (b. 1916) on Apr. 27 in Los Angeles, Calif. (colon cancer). Am. Los Angeles Lakers announcer Chick Hearn (b. 1916) on Aug. 5 in Encino, Calif. (fall at home). English "Dial M for Murder" playwright Frederick Knott (b. 1916) on Dec. 17 in New York City. Am. gov. #36 (1963-73) John Arthur Love (b. 1916) on Jan. 21 in Aurora, Colo. Russian-born French historian-novelist Zoe B. Oldenbourg (b. 1916). German map designer Arno Peters (b. 1916) on Dec. 2 in Bremen. Australian-born Soviet physicist Alexander M. Prokhorov (b. 1916) on Jan. 8 in Moscow; 1964 Nobel Physics Prize. Am. folk singer Ola Belle Reed (b. 1916) on Aug. 16. Spanish journalist Jose Ortega Spottorno (b. 1916) on Feb. 18 in Madrid (cancer); son of Jose Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955). Am. theologian Kenneth S. Kantzer (b. 1917) on June 20. Am. scholar Richard Warrington Baldwin Lewis (b. 1917) on June 13 in Bethany, Conn.; uses a typewriter to the end. Am. writer Walter Lord (b. 1917) on May 19 in New York City (Parkinson's). Canadian scientist Baldur Rosmund Stefansson (b. 1917) on Jan. 3. U.S. secy. of state #57 (1977-80) Cyrus Vance (b. 1917) on Jan. 12 in New York City. Am. diplomat lt. gen. Vernon A. Walters (b. 1917) on Feb. 10 in West Palm Beach, Fla. U.S. Supreme Court justice #93 (1962-93) Byron Raymond "Whizzer" White (b. 1917) on Apr. 15 in Denver, Colo. Am. "The Keeper in Star Trek: TOS" actress Meg Wyllie (b. 1917) on Jan. 1 in Glendale, Calif. (heart failure). English dir. Stuart Burge (b. 1918) on Jan. 24. Am. writer William Dufty (b. 1918) on June 28 in Birmingham, Mich. (cancer). Hungarian-born English producer-writer Martin Julius Esslin (b. 1918) on Feb. 24. Am. "Det. Chin Ho Kelly" actor Kam Fong (b. 1918) on Oct. 18 in Honolulu, Hawaii. Am. columnist Esther Pauline Lederer (AKA Ann Landers) (b. 1918) on June 22 (multiple myeloma). Swiss historian Herbert Luethy b. 1918) on Nov. 16 in Basel. Am. actress Peggy Moran (b. 1918) on Oct. 24 in Camarillo, Calif. Saudi businessman Saulaiman Saleh Olayan (b. 1918) on July 4. Am. baseball star Ted Williams (b. 1918) on July 5 in Inverness, Fla. (heart failure); last ML player to bat over .400 (.406 in 1941) until ?. Am. environmentalist Raymond Fredric Dasmann (b. 1919) on Nov. 5. Canadian climatologist Kenneth Hare (b. 1919) on Sept. 3: "The Puritan through life's sweet garden goes to pluck the thorn and cast away the rose." Am. "Star Trek: TOS" dir.-producer-writer John Meredyth Lucas (b. 1919) on Oct. 19 in Newport Beach, Calif. Am. historian Eric Louis McKitrick (b. 1919) on Apr. 24 in New York City. Am. "Cyrus Redblock in Star Trek: TNG" tough guy actor Lawrence Tierney (b. 1919) on Feb. 26 in Los Angeles, Calif. Am. banker Arthur Altschul Sr. (b. 1920) on Mar. 17. German Adolf Hitler's secy. Traudl Junge (b. 1920) on Feb. 10 in Munich (cancer). Am. "Fever" singer-songwriter Peggy Lee (b. 1920) on Jan. 21 (heart attack). Puerto Rican-born Am. "Pepino Garcia in The Real McCoys" actor Tony Martinez (b. 1920) on Sept. 16 in Las Vegas, Nev. Australian "Rumpole of the Bailey" actor Leo McKern (b. 1920) on July 23 in Bath, Somerset, England. Am. "Aunt Esther in Sanford and Son" actress LaWanda Page (b. 1920) on Sept. 14 in Hollywood, Calif. (heart attack): "I'm nervous as a whore in a church." English chemist George Porter (b. 1920) on Aug. 31; 1967 Nobel Chem. Prize. German violinist Helmut Zacharias (b. 1920) on Feb. 28 in Tessin, Switzerland. Am. actor John Agar (b. 1921) on Apr. 7 in Burbank, Calif. (emphysema). Am. actor George Nader (b. 1921) on Feb. 4 in Woodland Hills, Calif. (cardio-pulmonary failure). Am. philosopher John Rawls (b. 1921) on Nov. 24. Am. R&B singer Billy Ward (b. 1921) on Feb. 16 in Inglewood, Calif. Am. fashion designer Bill Blass (b. 1922) on June 12 in New Preston, Conn. (throat cancer); leaves a $52M estate. Am. playwright Vinnette Carroll (b. 1922) on Nov. 5 in Lauderhill, Fla. (heart failure). Am. publisher Ira Eaker (b 1922) on June 26 in Tamarac, Fla. Am. "Butterflies Are Free" playwright Leonard Gershe (b. 1922) on Mar. 9 in Beverley Hills, Calif. (stroke). Am. sci-fi writer Damon Knight (b. 1922). Canadian "Dr. Dreyfuss in The Apartment" actor Jack Kruschen (b. 1922) in Chandler, Ariz. French "Do You Hear What I Hear?" songwriter Noel Regney (b. 1922) on Nov. 22 in Brewster, N.Y. (Pick's disease). Am. peace activist Philip Berrigan (b. 1923) on Dec. 6 in Baltimore, Md. (cancer). Am. Chicago mayor #39 (1976-9) Michael Anthony Bilandic (b. 1923) on Jan. 25 in Chicago, Ill. (heart failure). Am. novelist Thomas Flanagan (b. 1923) on Mar. 21 in Berkeley, Calif. German-born Israeli gun designer Uzi Gal (b. 1923) on Sept. 7 (cancer); buried on Mt. Carmel, Israel. Dutch brewery magnate Freddy Heineken (b. 1923) on Jan. 3 in Noordwijk (pneumonia); net worth: 9.5B Dutch guilders. Australian writer Dorothy Hewett (b. 1923) on Aug. 25 near Sydney (breast cancer). Austrian photographer Inge Morath (b. 1923) on Jan. 30 in New York City (cancer). Am. Pop Art pioneer Larry Rivers (b. 1923) on Aug. 14. French mathematician Rene Thom (b. 1923) on Oct. 25 in Burs-sur-Yvette. Scottish serial murderer Archibald Thomson Hall (b. 1924) on Sept. 16 in Kingston Prison, Portsmouth, England (stroke). Am. Vail Ski Resort founder Pete Seibert (b. 1924) on July 25 in Vail, Colo. (esophageal cancer). Am. RISC computer scientist John Cocke (b. 1925) on July 16 in Valhalla, N.Y. Am. singer Alan Dale (b. 1925) on Apr. 20 in New York City. German actress-singer-writer Hildegard Knef (b. 1925) on Feb. 1 in Berlin (emphysema). Am. poet-playwright Kenneth Koch (b. 1925) on July 6. Am. "The Pawnbroker", "In the Heat of the Night" actor Rod Steiger (b. 1925) on July 9. Am. "Mrs. B. in Hazel" actress Whitney Blake (b. 1926) on Sept. 28 in Edgartown, Mass. (cancer). Am. jazz musician Ray Brown (b. 1926) on July 2 in Indianapolis, Ind. British sci-fi writer Richard Cowper (b. 1926) on Apr. 29. Am. auto racer Pat Flaherty (b. 1926) on Apr. 9. Am. novelist Wallace Markfield (b. 1926) on May 24 in Roslyn, N.Y. Am. aphorist Mason Cooley (b. 1927) on July 25: "The educated do not share a common body of information but a common state of mind"; "Entrepreneurship is the last refuge of the trouble-making individual." Argentine biochemist Cesar Milstein (b. 1927) on Mar. 24 in Cambridge, England (heart failure); 1984 Nobel Med. Prize. Am. singer Rosemary Clooney (b. 1928) on June 29 in Beverly Hills, Calif. (lung cancer). Am. actor James Coburn (b. 1928) on Nov. 18 in Beverly Hills, Calif. Am. R&B singer-songwriter Rosco Gordon (b. 1928) on July 11 in Queens, N.Y. (heart attack). Am. football hall-of-fame player Dick "Night Train" Lane (b. 1928) on Jan. 29. Am. "Sheena, Queen of the Jungle" actress Irish McCalla (b. 1928) on Feb. 1. Am. football player-announcer Kyle Rote (b. 1928) on Aug. 15 in Baltimore, Md. Am. geophysicist Gordon J.F. MacDonald (b. 1929) on May 14. Am. "The Chosen" novelist Chaim Potok (b. 1929) on July 23 in Merion, Penn. (brain cancer). Dutch computer scientist Edsger Wybe Dijkstra (b. 1930) on Aug. 6 in Nuenen. Canadian novelist Timothy Findley (b. 1930) on June 21 in Brignoles, France. Am. "The Manchurian Candidate" film dir. John Frankenheimer (b. 1930) on July 6 in Los Angeles, Calif. (stroke); no nominations for best dir. Oscar. English Princess Margaret (b. 1930) on Feb. 9 in London. Am. basketball player-coach Richie Regan (b. 1930) on Dec. 24 in Neptune, N.J. Japanese-born Am. physicist Bunji Sakata (b. 1930) on Aug. 31 in Japan (cancer). Japanese graphic designer Ikko Tanaka (b. 1930) on Jan. 10. Am. football player (first black QB in the NFL) Willie Thrower (b. 1930) on Feb. 20 in New Kensington, Penn. (heart attack). Am. TV executive/sports producer Roone Arledge (b. 1931) on Dec. 5 in Southampton, N.Y. (prostate cancer). Scottish skiffle musician Lonnie Donegan (b. 1931) on Nov. 3 in Market Deeping, Lincolnshire, England. Am. "Red Sky at Morning" novelist Richard Bradford (b. 1932) on Mar. 23 in Santa Fe, N.M. English "My Week with Marilyn" filmmaker Colin Clark (b. 1932) on Dec. 17 in London. Am. "Dragon's Egg" novelist Robert Lull Forward (b. 1932) on Sept. 21 in Seattle, Wash. (cancer). Am. novelist Lois Gould (b. 1932) on May 29 in Manhattan, N.Y. Soviet cosmonaut Nikolai Rukavishnikov (b. 1932) on Oct. 19 in Moscow. Am. Wendy's Old Fashion Hamburgers founder Dave Thomas (b. 1932) on Jan. 8 in Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. Irish "Albus Dumbledore in Harry Potter" actor Richard Harris (b. 1933) on Oct. 25 in London. Am. white supremacist leader William Luther Pierce III (b. 1933) on July 23 in Mill Point, W. Va. (cancer): "Jews control all the major news media." Am. football hall-of-fame QB Johnny Unitas (b. 1933) on Sept. 11 in Lutherville-Timonium, Md. Am. Hillside Strangler serial murderer Angelo Anthony Buono Jr. (b. 1934) on Sept. 21 in Calipatria State Prison, Calif. Am. writer Barbara Grizzuti Harrison (b. 1934) on Apr. 24 in Manhattan, N.Y. (COPD from smoking). Angolan rebel leader Jonas Savimbi (b. 1934) on Feb. 22 in Lucusse (KIA in battle with Angolan govt. troops). Am. poet John Wieners (b. 1934) on Mar. 1 in Boston, Mass. English "10" actor Dudley Moore (b. 1935) on Mar. 27 in Plainfield, N.J. (progressive supranuclear palsy); last words: "I can hear the music all around me." Am. "Band of Brothers" historian Stephen Edward Ambrose (b. 1936) on Oct. 13 in Bay St. Louis, Miss. (lung cancer). Am. "The Coasters" singer Billy Guy (b. 1936) on Nov. 5. Am. folk singer Dave Van Ronk (b. 1936) on Feb. 10 in New York City. Am. country singer Waylon Jennings (b. 1937) on Feb. 13 in Chandler, Ariz. diabetes). Palestinian Arab terrorist Abu Nidal (b. 1937) on Aug. 16 in Baghdad, Iraq (assassinated on the orders of Saddam Hussein). Am. "You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown" writer Clark Gesner (b. 1938) on July 23 in New York City. Am. philosopher Robert Nozick (b. 1938) on Jan. 23. Am. psychologist Glayde D. Whitney (b. 1939) on Jan. 8 in Tallahassee, Fla. (emphysema). Am. "Teflon Don" John Gotti (b. 1940) on June 10 in Springfield, Mo. (cancer); dies in a prison hospital. Am. "Hey Joe", "Morning Dew" singer Tim Rose (b. 1940) on Sept. 24 in London, England (heart attack). Am. basketball player Jim Barnes (b. 1941) on Sept. 14 in Silver Spring, Md. Am. evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould (b. 1941) on May 20 in New York City (cancer) - evolution explains cancer? South African-born British explorer Charles Robert Burton (b. 1942) on July 15 in Framfield, Sussex (heart attack). Am. sprinter and football-hall-of-fame player Bob Hayes (b. 1942) on Sept. 18 in Jacksonville, Fla. (kidney failure). Am. Olympic hurdler Willie Davenport (b. 1943) on June 17 in Chicago's O'Haire Internat. Airport (heart attack). Am. film dir. Bruce Paltrow (b. 1943) on Oct. 3 in Rome, Italy (cancer); dies while celebrating his daughter Gwyneth's 30th birthday. English rock bassist (The Who) John Entwistle (b. 1944) on June 27 in Las Vegas, Nev. U.S. Sen. (D-Minn.) (1991-2002) Paul David Wellstone (b. 1944) on Oct. 2 (10:22 a.m.) in Eveleth, Minn. (airplane crash). Am. political scientist Richard McKelvey (b. 1944) on ?. Canadian-born Am. JDL chmn. (1985-2002) Irv Rubin (b. 1945) on Nov. 13 in Los Angeles (suicide); dies in jail while awaiting trial on charges of conspiracy to bomb govt. and private property. English historian Roy Porter (b. 1946) on Mar. 3. Am. "Three Dog Night" bassist Joe Schermie (b. 1946) on Mar. 25 (heart attack). Am. "Spenser: For Hire", "Bob in Bob and Ted and Carol and Alice" actor Robert Urich (b. 1946) on Apr. 16 (cancer). Am. sci-fi novelist George Alec Effinger (b. 1947) on Apr. 27 in New Orleans, La. Dutch politician Pim Fortuyn (b. 1948) on May 6 in Hilversum (murdered). A. "Get Christie Love!" actress-singer Teresa Graves (b. 1948) on Oct. 10 in Los Angeles, Calif.; dies in a house fire. Am. "Deep Throat" porn star turned anti-porn activist Linda Lovelace (b. 1949) on Apr. 22 in Denver, Colo. (automobile accident). Russian politician lt. gen. Alexander Lebed (b. 1950) on Apr. 28 in Sayan Mountains (Mi-8 heli crash). English "The Clash" punk rocker John Graham Mellor (Joe Strummer) (b. 1952) on Dec. 22 in Broomfield, Somerset (heart attack). Am. fashion photographer Herb Ritts (b. 1952) on Dec. 26 in Los Angeles, Calif. (pneumonia from AIDS). Am. basketball player Phil Smith (b. 1952) on July 29 in Escondido, Calif. (cancer). Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Vasyutin (b. 1952) on July 19 (cancer). Am. football center Mike Webster (b. 1952) on Sept. 24 in Pittsburgh, Penn.; becomes the first NFL player to be diagnosed with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) by Nigerian-born Am. forensic pathologist Dr. Bennet Ifeakandu Omalu (1968-); the NFL tries a coverup by claiming he died of a heart attack until 4K former NFL players sue the NFL in 2011, and they reach a $765M settlement on Aug. 30, 2013, followed by a final settlement on Apr 22, 2015, requiring $75M for medical exams, $10M for R&D, and no limit for damages; in Sept. 2015 the U.S. Dept. of Veterans Affairs and Boston U. announce that they found CTE in 96% of NFL players and 79% of all football players; in 2015 the film Concussion starring Will Smith as Omalu is released. Cuban Santerian priest Baba Raul Canizares (b. 1955) on Dec. 28. Am. serial murderer Aileen Wuornos (b. 1956) on Oct. 9 in Fla. State Prison, Bradford County, Fla. (executed by lethal injection). Am. actress-playwright Carrie Hamilton (b. 1963) on Jan. 20 in Los Angeles, Calif. (cancer). Am. "Alice in Chains" lead singer Layne Staley (b. 1967) on Apr. 5 in Seattle, Wash. (OD) (same day of the year as Kurt Cobain). South African cricketer Hansie Cronje (b. 1969).

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