TLW's ETscope™ (Extraterrestrial Historyscope)
By T.L. Winslow (TLW), the Historyscoper™
© Copyright by T.L. Winslow. All Rights Reserved.
Original Pub. Date: Feb. 28, 2020. Last Update: Mar. 24, 2020.
Westerners are not only known as history ignoramuses, but double dumbass history ignoramuses when it comes to the history of Extraterrestrials (E.T.s) and Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs). Since I'm the one-and-only Historyscoper (tm), let me quickly bring you up to speed before you dive into my Master Historyscope.
The subject of ETs is hampered by lack of real verifiable contact with aliens from outer space, relying on oblique evidence incl. Ancient Astronaut Theory, UFO sightings, and Alien abduction.
About 75M B.C.E. Xenu, dictator for 80T years of the Galactic Confederacy (26 stars, 76 planets) brings billions of his people to guess where, Teegeeack, er, Earth, in a DC-8-like spacecraft, stacks them around volcanoes and kills them with H-bombs, their essences (souls?) remaining to mess with people in modern times, all according to sci-fi, er, Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard.
About 800 B.C.E. the Paracas Culture in Peru begins (ends 100 C.E.); the auburn-haired nobility practices skull-binding, creating elongated skulls. They are forcefully supplanted by the Nazca (Nasca) Culture, which lasts until 800 C.E., and creates the Nazca Lines in 400-650 C.E. On Feb. 1, 2012 French-born Am. writer David Hatcher Childress (1957-) and Minn.-born marine biologist Brien Foerster pub. The Enigma of Cranial Deformation: Elongated Skulls of the Ancients, exploring why ancient Peruvians et al. used head-binding to create elongated skulls, suggesting that they tried to imitate ET ancestors. Watch video.
On July 13, 592 B.C.E. Bible prophet Ezekiel is allegedly called by Jehovah in Babylon to warn the pesky Jews to repent before it's too late, which they don't, causing him to lower the boom in -587/-586; he writes the Book of Ezekiel, ch. 1 of which describes a Heavenly Chariot/Throne (Merkabah) (1:16), which sends true believers into tizzies ever after, incl. those who think it's really spaceships: "The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the colour of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel." On Apr. 10, 574 B.C.E. Ezekiel's last oracle of six is recorded, about Ezekiel's Wheel, a wheel within a wheel, according to Ernst Kutsch - a UFO? In 1974 C.E. NASA engineer Josef F. Blumrich (1913-2002) pub. the book The Spaceships of Ezekiel, claiming it was a real spaceship.
On June 24, 217 B.C.E. after a forced march S through a swamp in Eturia (Tuscany), where he gets an infection that blinds his right eye, Hannibal passes through Fiesole in Tuscany and ambushes and completely destroys a Roman army under Roman consul Gaius Flaminius at the Battle of Lake Trasimenus (Trasimeno), then crosses the Apennines and invades the province of Picenum (on the E coast) (incl. Ancona and capital Asculum Picenum or Ascoli Piceno), followed by Apulia, then recrosses and ravages Campania on the shin, unsuccessfully attempting to seize the seaside resort city of Cumae W of Neapolis (Naples) (where Capuan gov. Virrius tells him the story of Daedalus and Icarus), and the double-walled Umbrian city of Todi in C Italy; the freaked Romans name Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus (the Cunctator or Delayer) (-275 to -203) as the new dictator of Rome, and he decides to fight Hannibal by delaying tactics rather than a head-on fight against those heavy elephants and their big balls, er, soldiers, to give his troops time to recuperate; Hannibal outwits Cunctator on his way back to Apulia, whose pop. are unfriendly to the Romans, then winters at Gerontium; "Unus homo nobis cunctando restituit rem" (One man by delaying tactics restored our republic); meanwhile the Cuntator attacks Arpi (Argyrippa) (Argos Hippium) in Apulia, capturing it in -213; UFOs are sighted in Arpi in the form of parmas (small round metal shields) in the sky.
In 173 B.C.E. UFOs in the form of a "great fleet in the sky" are observed in Lanuvium 20 mi. SE of Rome.
In 104 B.C.E. UFOs are observed in Ameria (Amelia) and Tuder (Todi) in Umbria, Italy.
In 91 B.C.E. UFOs in the form of golden orbs are seen in Spoletium in Umbria, Italy.
In 1067 a UFO is sighted in the North Sea off NE England.
In 1361 a UFO is sighted in the Sea of Japan off W Japan.
The Ultimate Thank God It's Friday? On Oct. 10, 1492 Columbus' crew nearly mutinies, and makes Columbus promise to return home if land isn't sighted in two days (sounds like a fairy tale concocted later to make them seem to enjoy divine favor?); on Oct. 11 (10 p.m.) a UFO is sighted, consisting of "a light glimmering at a great distance", which disappears and reappears several times, moving up and down "in sudden and passing gleams" - let me guess, a welcome signal from ETs?
On Apr. 4, 1561 UFOs are seen over Nuremberg, Germany - aliens from outer space cause all human wars?
On Aug. 7, 1561 (dawn) UFOs in the form of spheres are seen by the citizens of Basel, Switzerland.
On Feb. 7, 1580 a UFO is sighted in the Atlantic Ocean off Magallanes, Chile.
On Feb. 17, 1600 after Cardinal Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621) demands a full recantation of his philosophy, and he appeals to Pope Clement VIII hoping only for a partial recantation, and the pope responds by telling them to burn the bum, Italian philosopher Giordano Roddenberry, er, Giordano Bruno (b. 1548) tells them "Perhaps you, my judges, pronounce this sentence against me with greater fear than I receive it", then is led naked to the Campo de' Fiori in Rome, "his tongue imprisoned because of his wicked words", and burned at the stake for his heretical opinions, esp. the infinity of inhabited worlds; "He insisted till the end always in his damned refractoriness and twisted brain and his mind with a thousand errors. Yes, he didn't give up his stubbornness, not even when the court ushers took him away to the Campo de' Fiori. There his clothes were taken off, he was bound to a stake and burned alive. In all this time he was accompanied by our fraternity, who sang constant litanies, while the comforters tried till the last moment to break his stubborn resistance, till he gave up his miserable and pitiable life" (Fraternity of St. John the Beheaded, 1889); his works are placed on the Vatican's Prohibited Index in 1603, and he becomes a martyr to Trekkies, er, scientists, who claim he was burned just for his Copernican views, causing the Church to claim it was only because of his heretical religious beliefs, incl. that Jesus Christ was merely a magician, the Holy Ghost is the soul of the world, and the Devil can be saved, although the Church gives it away at the time by using the same rooms where he is questioned to persecute Galileo Galilei; his death seems to propel scientific effort in Protestant countries; in 1889 a monument to him backed by Victor Hugo, Herbert Spencer, Ernest Renan, Ernst Haeckel, Henrik Ibsen et al. is erected on the site of his execution, and another is erected in Berlin on Mar. 2, 2008; in 2000 Pope John Paul II expresses "profound sorrow" for what his church did - Burn Bruno Burn is how many years from Live Long and Prosper?
On Aug. 5, 1608 a UFO is sighted on the Bay of Angels in Nice, France.
In Oct. 1661 a UFO is sighted over the River Seavern near Bristol, England.
On Aug. 15, 1663 a UFO is sighted over a lake near the village of Roboziero, Russia - UFO Robot Zero?
In Sept. 1767 a UFO is sighted over River Isla near Cupor Angus, Scotland.
On Aug. 17, 1783 a UFO is sighted over the North Sea between Ostend and Edinburgh.
On Sept. 19, 1810 a UFO is sighted over the River Meuse near Brezeau (?), according to the London Times of Oct. 29.
In 1825 Japanese sailors report a UFO floating in the sea.
On June 18, 1845 a UFO is sighted over the Mediterranean Sea near Malta.
On Mar. 18, 1849 a UFO is sighted over the Tortuga Bank in the Caribbean Sea.
On Aug. 21, 1879 an apparition of Mary in Knock, Ireland stirs the faithful - UFOs hadn't been thought of yet?
On June 28, 1915 British Lt. Col. W.P. Drury, Plymouth Garrison officer in Devon, England pub. the 4-page Report on the Dartmoor Floating (or Balloon) Light, about a mysterious UFO.
In 1919 Albany, N.Y.-born Charles Hoy Fort (1874-1932) pub. his first book The Book of the Damned, based on his extensive researches in libraries incl. newspaper collections, a bunch of anomalous and paranormal phenomena incl. UFOs, mythical creatures, odd weather patterns, the Super-Sargasso Sea et al.; makes a fan of Ben Hecht, who writes the soundbyte: "I am the first disciple of Charles Fort... henceforth, I am a Fortean"; "A procession of the damned./ By the damned, I mean the excluded./ We shall have a procession of data that Science has excluded."
In 1922 Canadian-born Pentecostal preacher Sister Aimee Elizabeth Simple McPherson (nee Kennedy) (1899-1944) builds the spaceship-like Angelus Temple in Echo Park, Los Angeles, Calif. (cap. 5.3K) (dedicated Jan. 1, 1923) - making California the home of the UFO cult way back in 1922?
In 1926 the National Enquirer (originally the New York Evening Enquirer) is founded by William Griffin (protege of William Randolph Hearst); in 1942 it is indicted by a grand jury for sedition for undermining U.S. troop morale, the charges later dropped; in 1952 it is purchased for $75K by New York newspaperman Generoso Paul "Gene" Pope Jr. (1927-88) using a loan from mob boss Frank Costello, becoming a lurid tabloid filled with sex and violence, changing its name to The National Enquirer in 1957; in 1967 it drops the violence and gore and concentrates on celebs, the occult, and UFOs, being sold from supermarket checkout lanes; in 1975 the HQ moves to Lantana, Fla., followed in 1989 by Boca Raton, Fla.
In 1936/7 (1952?) Birmingham, Ala.-born jazz musician Herman Poole Blount (1914-93) allegedly is contacted by ETs, who teleport him to Saturn, with the soundbyte: "My whole body changed into something else. I could see through myself. And I went up... I wasn't in human form... I landed on a planet that I identified as Saturn... They teleported me and I was down on stage with them. They wanted to talk with me. They had one little antenna on each ear. A little antenna over each eye. They talked to me. They told me to stop [attending college] because there was going to be great trouble in schools... The world was going into complete chaos... I would speak [through music], and the world would listen. That's what they told me." He then changes him name to Le Sony'r Ra, later Sun Ra, claiming to be an ET from Saturn on a mission to Earth to preach peace, pioneering the Afrofuturism movement, incl. the novels of Samuel R. Delany and Octavia Butler, the art works of Jean-Michel Basquiat, and the photography of Renee Cox.
Well well well? On Oct. 30, 1938 (Sun.) (Halloween night) George Orson Welles (1915-85) panics naive isolationist Americans with his CBS-Radio rendition of H.G. Wells' 1898 novel War of the Worlds on Mercury Theatre on the Air (H.G., Mercury - get it?), starting with Mt. Jennings Observatory (Chicago) Prof. Farrell reporting several explosions on Mars, then Prof. Morse of Macmillan U. reporting more, then live descriptions of Martians invading New Joisey and kicking the U.S. army's butt like the Nazis would if they had spaceships; Orson Welles plays Princeton U. prof. Richard Pierson; on Oct. 31 (after talking to his lawyers?) Welles expresses "deep regret" but also bewilderment that anyone had thought it was real; the Edgar Bergen show is airing at the same time, and when its music segment comes on many listeners switch to CBS, catching it in the middle and becoming more freaked - if they were busy studying instead of listening to the radio, they wouldn't be so dumb? Watch video.
In Nov. 1944 the first Foo fighters are reported and named by the U.S. 415th Night Fighter Squadron after the "Smokey Stover" cartoons of Bill Holman, describing UFOs seen over the European and later Pacific theaters. Watch video.
The con man who gave UFO nuts their image? On Oct. 9, 1946 Bromberg, Germany-born space white supremacist George Adamski (1891-1965) allegedly witnesses a cigar-shaped "mother ship" UFO, taking a photo of it crossing the Moon over Palomar Gardens, upping his claim to 184 UFO sightings next summer, and graduating to giving lectures in Southern Calif., uttering the soundbytes: "Government and science established the existence of UFOs two years earlier, via radar tracking of 700-foot-long spacecraft on the other side of the Moon", "Science now knows that all planets [in Earth's solar system] are inhabited"; "Photos of Mars taken from the Mount Palomar observatory have proven the canals on Mars are man-made, built by an intelligence far greater than any man's on Earth." On Nov. 20, 1952 he claims to be visited in the Colo. Desert near Desert Center, Ariz. by a submarine-shaped UFO piloted by light-skinned blonde tanned "Nordic E.T." named Orthon from Venus, who talks with him telepathically, and wears reddish-brown shoes, warning him of the dangers of nuclear war; on Dec. 13, 1952 he allegedly takes a photo of his scout ship, which critics say looks like a "chicken brooder". In 1953 he and Desmond Leslie pub. the bestseller Flying Saucers Have Landed, claiming that Orthon took him on a trip through the Solar System incl. his home planet of Venus, where he sees his reincarnated wife and the 1K-y.-o. "elder philosopher of the space people" called The Master, who claims to have been selected for the mission of bringing peace to the people of Earth like he once did to Jesus Christ; in 1957 he fakes a letter from R.E. Straith of the U.S. State Dept. on stolen stationery, admitting that the U.S. govt. knew of his UFO visits, and planned to publicly corroborate him, which they never do by the time the hoax is revealed in 1985 by UFOlogist James W. Moseley. In 1955 he pub. the book Inside the Space Ships (Flying Saucers). In May 1959 he meets with Queen Juliana of the Netherlands. In 1960 his book sales reach 200K copies. In 1961 he pub. Flying Saucers Farewell, claiming that he decided to not meet with the ETs any more. In 1963 he claims to have secretly met with Pope John XXII and been awarded a "Golden Medal of Honor", which turns out to be a cheap tourist souvenir; on Apr. 23, 1965 depite claiming that the pope gave him a special potion to cure his gastric enteritis, which grew into peritonitis, he dies of a heart attack in Silver Spring, Md. after giving a UFO lecture in Washington, D.C. On Dec. 15, 1967 he posth. pub. the book Behind the Flying Saucer Mystery: Ancient Astronauts, The Space Brothers, and The Silence Group.
On June 24, 1947 Sebeka, Minn.-born aviator Kenneth A. Arnold (1915-84) allegedly sights nine flying saucers (name coined by newspapers) over Mt. Rainier in Wash., causing a UFO Craze; the first Flying Saucer Convention is held next fall at the Labor Temple in New York City.
On Feb. 24-25, 1942 the Battle of Los Angeles, Calif. against invading Japanese forces turns out to be a false alarm; it was really a UFO attack?
On Oct. 28, 1943 the hoax Philadelphia Experiment allegedly causes new (launched July 25) U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Eldridge to teleport from Philadelphia, Penn. to Norfolk, Va. - and now we have Tiger Woods?Watch video.
On July 2-4, 1947 the Roswell Incident leads many to believe that the U.S. govt. covered-up an extraterrestrial landing in New Mexico led by CIA dir. #3 (1947-50) Rear Adm. Roscoe Henry Hillenkoetter (1897-1982), with U.S. Gen. Arthur G. Trudeau (1902-91) supposedly in charge of the secret files, whom his subordinate Lt. Col. Philip J. Corso (1915-98) (born in Jupiter, Fla.) later blows the whistle on in The Day After Roswell (1998), claiming the alien UFO technology from the 1947 Roswell Incident was used to pump up the U.S. defense industry with fiber optics, particle beams, and Star Wars technology; in Apr. 2011 a classified memo dated Mar. 22, 1950 is released by the FBI from Guy Hottel, SAC, Washington, with the soundbyte "An investigator for the Air Force stated that three so-called flying saucers had been recovered in New Mexico. They were described as being circular in shape with raised centers, approximately 50 feet in diameter. Each one was occupied by three bodies of human shape but only 3 feet tall, dressed in metallic cloth of a very fine texture. Each body was bandaged in a manner similar to the blackout suits used by speed flyers and fast pilots. According to ... informant, the saucers were found in New Mexico due to the fact that the Government has a very high-powered radar set-up in that area and it is believed the radar interferes with the controling mechanism of the saucers" - what do you see on my forehead, the word dumbass? In 1948 the USAF sets up Project Sign to investigate UFOs, initially favoring the opinion that they're extraterrestrial in origin, then flopping at the last minute before the report is pub. in Jan. 1949; in Feb. 1949 the project is replaced by Project Grudge (until 1951), then Project Blue Book in 1952 (until Jan. 1970). In 1995 Walt Disney Co. broadcast a documentary called Alien Encounters from Tomorrowland, about Roswell and UFOs, claiming a govt. coverup; it was never broadcast again.
In Mar. 1948 the Aztec, N.M. UFO Incident allegedly sees a crashed 99 ft. diam. flying saucer containing 16 humanoid bodies recovered by the U.S. military in Hart Canyon 12 mi. NE of Aztec, N.M., first reported in Oct. 1949 by New York City-born journalist Francis Joseph Xavier "Frank" Scully (189-1964) in Variety mag. followed by his 1950 book "Behind the Flying Saucers", which claims two more incidents and sells 60K copies; he claims his sources are Silas M. Newton and Dr. Gee, who are exposed in 1952 and 1956 by San Francisco Chronicle reporter John Philip Cahn as con artists, which causes Scully to double-down and back the story's veracity.
On May 11, 1950 the McMinnville UFO Photos taken on the farm of Paul and Evelyn Trent outside Sheridan, Ore. 9 mi. SW of McMinnville, Ore. become the first photos of a UFO since the term was coined, becoming the most famous ever after being reprinted in Life mag.; a pie pan suspended by a string from power lines?Watch video.
On Aug. 3, 1950 Jewish-Am. scholar Immanuel Velikovsky (1895-1979) pub. the NYT bestseller Worlds in Collision: The Book About the Day the Sun Stood Still, claiming that a comet-like object was ejected from Jupiter in the 15th cent. B.C.E., changing the Earth's orbit and axis and causing catastrophes that are described in the Bible, then settled down as the new planet Venus, after which in the 8th-7th cents. B.C.E., Mars acted up, causing more catastrophes, after which everything settled down and here we are let me tell you all about it?; an imaginative erudite pseudo-scientific Bible-thumping alternative to standard science that pisses-off the scientific establishment (Harlow Shapley, Carl Sagan et al.) so much that they begin a boycott of Macmillan's textbooks, causing them to drop it in 2 mo. despite being a bestseller, after which Doubleday says ka-ching ka-ching thanks; Albert Einstein becomes a fan.
On Aug. 15 (Aug. 5?), 1950 the Mariana UFO Incident sees Nick Mariana, gen. mgr. of the Great Falls Electrics minor-league baseball team take color photos of two UFOs in Great Falls, Mont.; the USAF investigates and claims they are reflections from two F-94 jets.
In 1950 after flying with Charles Lindbergh, publishing many sci-fi stories in Weird Tales et al., and serving in WWII, Ottumna, Iowa-born USMC Maj. Donald Edward Keyhoe (1897-1988) pub. the bestseller (500K copies) The Flying Saucers Are Real, based on his popular article of the same title in the Jan. issue of True (pub. Dec. 26, 1949), arguing that aliens have been observing the Earth for 200+ years, stepping it up after the 1945 atomic bomb explosions, and that the USAF is trying to cover it up, establishing as the leader in the new field of UFOlogy. Mattoon, Ill.-born Frank Allyn Edwards (1908-67) becomes a fan after reading an advance copy in 1948, and begins talking about UFOs on his popular Mutual Broadcasting System radio program, ending up getting fired in 1954, and going on to pub. the book Flying Saucers - Serious Business: Overwhelming Evidence That UFOs Are Real in 1966. In 1953 he pub. Flying Saucers from Outer Space, filled with interviews and official reports from the USAF, which makes a fan of Carl Jung. In 1955 he pub. The Flying Saucer Conspiracy, followed by Flying Saucers: Top Secret (1960). On Oct. 24, 1956 he, Am. physicist Thomas Townsend Brown (1905-85) et al. found the Nat. Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP), with Keyhoe becoming dir. in 1957, calling for Congressional hearings into UFOs, with membership peaking at 15K in the mid-1960s until the 1968 Condon Committee Report causes it to drop to 5K, then disbanding in 1980 after allegations of CIA infiltration. In 1973 he pub. Aliens from Space: The Real Story of Unidentified Flying Objects, proposing Operation Lure to lure ETs to Earth.
On Sept. 18, 1951 Robert Wise's B&W The Day the Earth Stood Still (20th Cent. Fox) debuts, based on the 1940 story "Farewell to the Master" by Harry Bates, morphing the Christ story into an extra-terrestrial, played by too-cool Michael Rennie as Klaatu, who comes to Earth to save it from nukes, winning the pop. over, only to be attacked by the govt. while his robot Gort (Lock Martin) watches over him; Patricia Neal plays Helen Benson; Sam Jaffe plays Prof. Jacob Barnhardt; the soundbyte "Klaatu barada Nikto" gains sci-fi immortality; does $1.85M box office on a $995K budget; remade in 2008 starring Keanu Reeves as Klaatu; watch trailer; view clip; view clip; view clip; view clip; view clip; watch video.
On July 19-29, 1952 the Washington, D.C. UFO Invasion (Washington Flap) (Washington Nat. Airport UFO Sightings) sees a wave of UFO reports over two consecutive weekends, gaining headlines across the U.S. and becoming "the climax of the 1952 [UFO] flap... Never before or after did Project Blue Book and the Air Force undergo such a tidal wave of (UFO) reports" (Curtis Peebles); in Jan. 1953 as a result of the publicity and a CIA recommendation, the secret Robertson Panel, headed by Am. mathematician-physicist Howard Percy "Bob" Robertson (1903-61) meets, concluding that UFOs are not a direct threat to nat. security, but the reports could pose an indirect threat by overwhelming military communications, recommending a public education campaign; the panel's report is later contained in the internal CIA Durant Report by F.C. Durant of Jan. 14-18, 1953; the reports are later unclassified.
On Aug. 26, 1953 Byron Haskin's The War of the Worlds (Paramount Pictures) debuts, based on the 1898 H.G. Wells novel, starring looks-good-in-glasses Gene Barry (Eugene Klass) (1919-2009) as geiger counter-toting Dr. Clayton Forrester, and Ann Robinson as librarian Sylvia Van Buren, with great George Pal SFX; the Martians are into the number 3, and conquer the Earth with swanlike flying saucer machines sprouting rattlesnake-like heat ray pods in six days, the same it took for Jehovah to create it, until they are defeated by Earth bacteria after the remnant of faithful Earthlings pray to him; the last decade in which Hollyweird can get away with ennobling rather than cheapening the Christian belief in Armageddon?; watch trailer; view clip; view clip; watch video.
On Apr. 4, 1954 UFO believer Pres. Eisenhower meets with a group of ETs at Edwards AFB, according to a former U.S. test pilot, who also claimed that three saucer-shaped and two cigar-shaped alien spaceships landed at the base, and that the ETs looked something like humans, all according to British UFOlogist William Francis Brinsley Le Poer Trench, 8th Earl of Clancarty, 7th Marquess of Heusden (1911-95), who in 1960 pub. the book The Sky People: Ancient Aliens and the Supernatural, claiming that ancient Bible chars. Adam, Eve, and Noah came from Mars and were experimental creations of ETs, and in 1974 pub. the book Secret of the Ages: UFOs from Inside the Earth, backing the Hollow Earth Theory; in 1956-9 he becomes ed. of Flying Saucer Review; in 1975 he gains a seat in the British Parliament, and in 1979 he organizes a debate in the House of Lords on UFOs, with Lord Strabolgi representing the negative side for the govt.
In July 1955 Lockheed's single-jet U-2 "Dragon Lady" high-alt. spy plane for the CIA, designed by Ishpeming, Mich.-born engineer Clarence Leonard "Kelly" Johnson (1910-90) is tested at Groom Lake (Area 51) AKA Homey Airport KXTA) in S Nev. (83 mi. NNW of Las Vegas), with a large-format camera by Perkin-Elmer that has a resolution of 2.5 ft. (76cm) at an alt. of 60K ft.; Area 51 becomes known for its top secret activities, spawning UFO/ET conspiracy theories; the CIA finally publicly acknowledges its existence on June 25, 2013; watch video; watch video; watch video. On Feb. 26, 2011 Jason Connery's 51 debuts on SyFyChannel, starring Bruce Boxleitner, John Shea, and Jason London, about the USAF allowing some reporters access to Area 51 in Nev. just as vicious shape-shifting Patient Zero busts out.
In 1955 the Aetherius Society is founded in the U.K. by George King (1919-97), who claims telepathic contact with alien intelligence Aetherius, rep. of an Interplanetary Parliament.
In 1955 the quarterly mag. Flying Saucer Review is founded in London, England, making fans of Prince Philip and becoming the #1 internat. UFO journal.
On Jan. 1, 1956 New York City-born social psychologist Leon Festinger (1919-89) et al. pub. When Prophecy Fails: A Social and Psychological Study of a Modern Group That Predicted the Destruction of the World, about a small cult called the Seekers led by Chicago, Ill. housewife (ex-Scientologist) Dorothy Martin (1900-92) that claimed to be receiving messages from the "Guardians" from another planet, who told them that a flood would destroy the world on Dec. 21, 1954; when it failed to materialize, instead of giving up their beliefs they claimed that the "Force of Good and Light" the members spread through the world caused it to be spared, and she changes her name to Sister Thedra and founds the Assoc. of Sananda and Sanat Kumara, which survives her death. In 1957 Festinger pub. his theory of Cognitive Dissonance.
On Sept. 19, 1959 Nature pub. the paper Searching for Interstellar Communications by Giuseppe Cocconi (1914-2008) and Philip Morrison (1915-2005) at Cornell U., claiming that terrestrial radiotelescopes are sensitive enough to detect radio signals from other stars, with the soundbyte: "The probability of success is difficult to estimate, but if we never search, the chance of success is zero"; the SETI (Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence) program is born. Watch video.
On Mar. 7, 1960 Time mag. pub. an article on the Black Knight Satellite, a dead or dark satellite discovered orbiting over the continental U.S. in a polar orbit, which it claims is the lost Discoverer 1 Corona Recon Satellite launched in Feb. 1959; too bad, after a photo of it is taken on Sept. 3 and it is found to be travelling in an E-W rather than W-E orbit like other manmade satellites, the UFO people jump on the bandwagon.
The first Jodie Fosters with those accents they try so desperately to shed, pure West Virginia are already into Carl Sagan's Contact? In 1960 Project Ozma (named after L. Frank Baum's Queen of Oz) is founded by Chicago, Ill.-born astronomer Frank Donald Drake (1930-) of Cornell U. in Green Bank, W. Va., doing the first research for the SETI program, looking for signs of extraterrestrial life on the 1.420 GHZ band. In 1961 Drake develops the Drake Equation to estimate the number of detectable civilizations in the Milky Way Galaxy. The U.S. govt. stops funding SETI in 1995.Watch video. Watch video.
Just in time to arrange a trip for JFK? On Sept. 19-20, 1961 (night) the Hill Abduction (Zeta Reticuli Incident) sees the first Grey Aliens being reported to have abducted mixed-race couple Betty Hill (1919-2004) and Barney Hill (1923-69) of Portsmouth on U.S. Route 3 near Lancaster in the er, White Mts. of N.H., who describe them as "bald-headed alien beings, about five foot tall, with greyish skin, pear shaped heads and slanting cat-like eyes", who show Betty a star map of star system Zeta Reticuli 39.5 l.y. from Earth, causing John Grant Fuller Jr. (1913-90) to pub. the bestseller The Interrupted Journey: Two Lost Hours Aboard a Flying Saucer in 1966; meanwhile Betty's niece Kathleen Marden investigates, becoming dir. of abduction research for MUFON, and pub. Captured! The Betty and Barney Hill UFO Experience in 2007.
On Sept. 16, 1963 the B&W TV series The Outer Limits by Leslie A. Stevens III (1924-98) debuts on ABC-TV for 49 episodes (until Jan. 15, 1965), featuring episodes written by Harlan Jay Ellison (1934-) that are later used by James Cameron for his 1984 film "The Terminator"; on Oct. 14 David McCallum appears in episode #5 The Sixth Finger with pointy ears, which are later copied by Leonard Nimoy in "Star Trek"; the opening shows an oscilloscope screen with "Control Voice" Vic Perrin (1916-89) saying "There is nothing wrong with your television set. Do not attempt to adjust the picture. We are controlling transmission." Too bad, all the aliens are mean, sinister, and scary?
In 1964 Russian astrophysicist Nikolai Semenovich Kardashev (1932-2019) proposes the Kardashev Scale for the level of a civilization's technical advancement: I = planetary, II = stellar, III = galactic.
In 1964 the British UFO Research Assoc. (BUFORA) is founded, reaching 1K members by 1997, investigating over 400 cases a year and finding 95% of them to be hoaxes; in 1987 it begins holding annual conferences at Sheffield Hallam U., plus frequent meetings in Rendlesham Forest.
On Sept. 3, 1965 (2:00 a.m.) the Exeter Incident in Kensington, N.H. (5 mi. S of Exeter) culiminates a series of UFO sightings, after which John Grant Fuller Jr. (1913-90) pub. the 1966 book Incident at Exeter: The Story of Unidentified Flying Objects Over America Today, claiming that he personally confirmed their veracity, causing Des Moines, Iowa-born Aviation Week and Space Technology ed. Philip J. (Julian) Klass (1919-2005) to debunk them as plasma or ball lightning from power lines, making him a star; "As if overnight, he had been christened by both friends and foes 'the country's leading UFO debunker'." (Howard Blum); in 1966 Klass makes an offer of $10K to anybody proving the existence of UFOs, which is never claimed; on Oct. 10, 1983 he pub. The UFO Curse, which he calls his last will and testament: "To ufologists who publicly criticize me... or who even think unkind thoughts about me in private, I do hereby leave and bequeath: THE UFO CURSE: No matter how long you live, you will never know any more about UFOs than you know today. You will never know any more about what UFOs really are, or where they come from. You will never know any more about what the U.S. Government really knows about UFOs than you know today. As you lie on your own death-bed you will be as mystified about UFOs as you are today. And you will remember this curse"; in 1995 Aviation Week awards the first Philip J. Klass Award for Lifetime Achievement to FlightSafety Internat. founder Albert Lee Ueltschi.
To boldly crow where no Jim has crowed before? I'm a PC and I'm 8 years old? On Sept. 8, 1966 (Thur.) Star Trek: The Original Series, created by Tex.-born Eugene Wesley "Gene" Roddenberry (1921-91) debuts on NBC-TV for 79 episodes (until Apr. 4, 1969) with The Man Trap, starring Jeanne Bal (1928-96) as shape-shifting salt-sucking space siren Nancy Crater, unveiling a new technology-based Jesus-and-Muhammad-free futuristic leftist Jewish kingdom of heaven combined with a mostly white Wagon Train in Space show about the 23rd cent. voyages of the faster-than-light USS Enterprise NCC-1701, featuring Canadian Jewish actor William Shatner (1931-) as straight womanizing swashbuckling Capt. James Tiberius Kirk (born in Riverside, Iowa), the Capt. Horatio Hornblower of Space, who is so good at his job that he's allowed to break the rules, incl. sex with blacks, browns, yellows, greens, blues, non-humans, anything they can sign an acting contract with; Jewish-Am. actor Leonard Nimoy (1931-2015) plays his 2nd in command, pointy-eared half-human half-Vulcan half-Salmon super-smart Science officer Spock (blood type T-negative) (only mates once every 11 years) (likes to put his hand in the shape of the Hebrew letter shin because in real life he's Jewish); Ga.-born actor DeForest Kelly (1920-79) plays liquor-pouring Southern-drawling Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy, and Canadian actor James Doohan (1920-2005) plays Scottish engineer Scotty, who is the real brains of the ship, staying safely behind while the reckless captain and crew go beaming into danger and he takes the credit for superhuman repair work by inflating repair time estimates while swigging Scottish whiskey; on Sept. 15 episode #2 Charlie X stars Robert Hudson Walker Jr. (1940-), son of Robert Walker Sr. and Jennifer Jones as a space orphan raised by aliens who gets his first crush on a woman, Capt. Kirk's yeoman Janice Rand, played by Grace Lee Whitney (1930-), and can't grow up fast enough to avoid using his superhuman powers to destroy the ship until his alien parents intervene and take him back; in real life, Walker's mom Jennifer Jones cheated on his daddy then dumped him in 1945 for producer David O. Selznick, causing daddy to go nuts and become an alcoholic and have an early death in 1951, affecting him, while Whitney in real life was an orphan, and is cut from the show in the first season so that Kirk could have a guest babe each episode, causing her to spiral down also; episode #3 Where No Man Has Gone Before stars Gary Lockwood (1937-) as Lt. Cmdr. Gary Mitchell, who develops super-ESP when the Enterprise is driven over the edge of the galaxy; episode #9 Dagger of the Mind (Nov. 3) is about the Neural Neutralyzer Device; episode #21 Patterns of Force (Feb. 16, 1968) is about brilliant Starfleet Academy historian John Gill, who violates the Prime Directive on the planet Ekos and allows a clone of Nazi Germany to be created, which dopes him up and uses him as a puppet Hitler; episode #28 The City on the Edge of Forever (Apr. 6, 1967), written by Harlan Ellison and featuring a working Historyscope called the Guardian of Forever plus yummy Joan Henrietta Collins (1933-) as Am. Depression Era social worker Edith Keeler wins a Hugo Award; episode #29 (last of season 1) Operation Annihilate! (Apr. 13, 1967) (filmed Feb. 15, 1967) is set on the campus-like grounds of TRW Inc. in Redondo Beach, Calif; episode #35 The Doomsday Machine (Oct. 20, 1967) about a planet-eating machine is written by Norman Robert Spinrad (1940-); Theodore Sturgeon (Edward Hamilton Waldo) (1918-85) writes the screenplays for "Shore Leave" (1966), and "Amok Time" (1967), in which he invents the Vulcan Pon Farr mating ritual, the Vulcan benediction "Live long and prosper", and the Vulcan hand symbol; he also creates the Prime Directive; the show creates a new social class of fans called Trekkies (Trekkers), coined by Arthur William Saha (1923-99), incl. TLW, who took to emulating a Spock haircut in 9th grade (1967); too bad, after some go overboard, they get a bad name as nerdy escapist losers without a life; it's really an attempt to prepare youth for the New Age Movement? Watch video.Watch video.
In 1966 Canadian-born U. of Va. psychiatrist Ian Pretyman Stevenson (1918-2007) pub. Twenty Cases Suggestive of Reincarnation, going on to investigate 3K children who spontaneously remembered recent ordinary lives, some with birthmarks as supporting evidence. In 1982 he and 13 other scientists found the Society for Scientific Exploration (SSE), devoted to investigating what mainstream science pooh-poohs incl. UFOs, gaining 800 members in 45 countries by 2008. In 1997 he pub. Reincarnation and Biology: A Contribution to the Etiology of Birthmarks and Birth Defects (2 vols.) (1997), which describes 200 birthmark cases. He also pub. Where Reincarnation and Biology Intersect (1997), followed by European Cases of the Reincarnation Type (2003). In 1999 Washington Post ed. Tom Shroder (1954-) pub. Old Souls: Scientific Evidence from Children Who Remember Previous Lives, about Stevenson's research over 40 years. In 2005 after Stevenson retires in 2002 and hands him the baton, U. of Va. psychiatrist Jim B. Tucker pub. Life Before Life: A Scientific Investigation of Children's Memories of Previous Lives. Meanwhile in Australia, psychologist Peter Ramster carries on parallel research into reincarnation and regression with adults.
On Sept. 27, 1967 appaloosa horse Snippy (Lady) is reported killed and mutilated (heart and brain removed) by aliens from outer space by owner Nellie Lewis of Alamosa, Colo. , becoming the first reported victim of alien animal mutilation; in 2007 its skeleton is put up for auction on eBay with a minimum $50K asking price.
In 1968 the Condon Report of the U. of Colo. UFO Project (founded 1966), commissioned by the U.S. Air Force and headed by physicist Edward Uhler Condon (1902-74) (U as in UFO?) concludes that UFOs don't exist after investigating 12K sightings and narrowing them down to 791 "unexplained" ones - the first thing to learn is that you're not crazy?
In 1968 after discovering as a child that there was a war in Heaven, Swiss hotel mgr. Erich Anton Paul von Daniken (1935-) pub. Chariots of the Gods? Unsolved Mysteries of the Past, selling 60M+ copies and popularizing the Ancient Astronaut Theory. Watch video; Watch video; Watch video.
On May 31, 1969 Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) is founded in Quincy, Ill. for "the scientific study of UFOs for the benefit of humanity", growing to 4K members in all 50 U.S. states and 43 countries and moving their HQ to Irvine, Calif.; in 2015 it founds definitely unaccredited Mutual UFO Network U.
Glory Days, Glory Days, Glory Days pass you by? Just in time to make JFK's prediction come true, white IS right on the Moon on the anniv. of the creation of Washington D.C., the execution of Tsar Nicholas II, the installation of the first parking meters, and the first A-bomb explosion? On July 16, 1969 (Wed.) Apollo 11 blasts off from Cape You Know What, and goes into lunar orbit on July 19, then lands on the "place of magnificent desolation" (the Moon) on July 20 at 4:17 p.m. EDT in the Eagle landing module; as 600M worldwide watch on TV (Soviet TV snubs them), white, blonde-blue, straight Christian church-going Wapakoneta, Ohio-born WASP male Neil Alden Armstrong (1930-2012) (shoe size 9-1/2) (salary $30K a year) becomes the first human to set foot on the Moon at 10:56 p.m. EDT at Tranquility Base (total price tag $35B) after taking a recording of Antonin Dvorak's Symphony No. 9 in E minor, op. 95, B. 178 ("From the New World") with him; his first words are: "One small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind"; he rubs white-is-right in more by carrying a piece of fabric from the 1903 White, er, Wright brothers plane Flyer 1; Glen Ridge, N.J.-born U.S. Air Force Col. Edwin Eugene "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. (1930-) follows close behind, later uttering the soundbyte "Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the Moon, I am the first man to piss his pants on the Moon"; Presbyterian Aldrin performs a communion before Armstrong starts his walk, but due to a lawsuit by atheist Madalyn Murray O'Hair they black it out; meanwhile Rome, Italy-born U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Michael "Mike" Collins (1930-) stays in orbit at 60-75 mi. in the Columbia Command Module (named after the cannon-fired Columbiad spacecraft in the 1865 Jules Verne novel "From the Earth to the Moon"), with the Mission Control Center in Houston, Tex. uttering the immortal soundbyte: "Not since Adam as any human known such solitude as Mike Collins during this 47 minutes of each lunar revolution when he's behind the Moon with no one to talk to except his tape recorder"; after the onboard computer fails from interference caused by the radar system as they are making their landing, Armstrong and Aldrin switch to manual control and display their hotdogging cowboy skills, landing with less than 1 min. of fuel left; the first moon walk confirms the prediction made in 1964 by Dutch-born U. of Ariz. astronomer Gerard Peter Kuiper (1905-73) (who helped identify lunar landing sites) that it would be "like crunchy snow"; Aldrin brings a copy of the 1941 poem A Prayer for Protection by Am. poet James Dillet Freeman (1912-2003), causing to be called the "Poet Laureate to the Moon"; after Aldrin plants a nylon flag on El Moono, and they have their romp, they return to Earth and splashdown on July 24 in the Pacific, and are brought aboard the USS Hornet (CV-12), then greeted personally by Pres. Nixon while on a round-the-world tour (July 23-Aug. 3) to try to get back some of the billions wasted, er, invested in a second industrial rev., er, wasted with some good Cold War propaganda; they then spend 65 hours inside the Mobile Quarantine Facility to prove they didn't acquire "Moon germs" under the July 16 U.S. Extra-Terrestrial Exposure Law, violation of which carries a 1-year sentence and $5K fine; Walter Cronkite makes CBS-TV the most-watched TV network for the missions, which follows through to Apollo 13; Thomas Otten Paine (1921-92) is the head of NASA in 1969-7 (first seven Apollo manned missions), and goes on to become pres. of Northrop Corp. in 1976-82; On Jan. 12 the front page of the New York Times reads "Believes Rocket Can Reach Moon", and on Jan. 13 an editorial disses the idea; on July 17 the New York Times pub. A Correction, apologizing for their Jan. 12, 1920 editorial, with the soundbyte: "Further investigation and experimentation have confirmed the findings of Isaac Newton in the 17th cent. and it is now definitely established that a rocket can function in a vacuum as well as in an atmosphere. The Times regrets the error"; David Threlfal of Preston, Lancashire, England is awarded a £10K check by bookmaker William Hill, Ltd. for a £10 bet in 1964 that a man would land on the Moon by 1971 at 1000 to 1 odds; millions believe the whole thing is a staged govt. hoax, pointing to the "rippling flag", absence of blast craters, shadows suggesting stage lighting, etc.; millions more that all that money was "dumped into space", or that it would have been better spent reclaiming the deserts, developing agriculture, affordable housing and medicine, or jump-jiving woo woo woo?; the landing was faked to help the U.S. win the Cold War?; the dir. of the fake landing was Stanley Kubrick, who was told to keep his mouth shut, but gave it away in highly coded form in his 1980 film "The Shining"?; too bad, the astronauts leave radar corner reflectors, which can be seen from Earth, proving they were there, or just that unmanned ships made it there?; on July 16, 2009 NASA admits that it lost its original hi-res moonwalk footage, but is hiring guess-who Hollyweird to restore it, stoking conspiracy theorists; in the 20-zeds the NASA Lunar Reconnaisance Orbiter (LRO) allegedly takes hi-def photos of the landers and astronaut tracks, but it can hardly be called an independent witness?; the jury will be out until an independent group visits the Moon and verifies the junk they allegedly left?; on Jan. 13, 2017 after the Chinese Lunar Rover produces no evidence of Apollo Moon landings, 200 officials of the Chinese Space Program pub. a petition in the Beijing Daily Express asking NASA for an explanation; zonk, that's fake news :); the Apollo 11 astronauts appear on the first U.S. stamp to depict a living American, issued later in the year; "For one crowning moment we were creatures of the cosmic ocean" (Aldrin); issued later in the year; "For one crowning moment we were creatures of the cosmic ocean" (Aldrin); "Slipped the surly bonds of Earth to touch the face of God" (Ronald Reagan); Aldrin later suffers from depression - buzzy Excedrin headache number? On Oct. 9 U.S. ambassador J. William Middendorf II presents Netherlands PM Willem Drees with a Moon rock from Apollo 11; too bad, in 2009 the Rijksmuseum announces that it is made of petrified wood from Ariz., giving conspiracy theorists a boost.Watch video. Watch video. Watch video. Watch video.
In the early 1970s Telluride, Colo.-born psychic Ingo Douglas Swann (1933-2013) invents the psychic discipline of Remote Viewing (RV) at the Stanford Research Inst. (SRI), allegedly drawing interest from the CIA, causing the U.S. govt. to launch the $20M Stargate Project, led by physicist Dale E. Graff, which was terminated in 1995 after the CIA took it over and got a negative independent evaluation. The term was coined by SRI researchers Russell Targ (1934-) and Harold E. "Hal" Puthoff (1936-) to distinguish it from clairvoyance, after tasting wheels of cheese, wedges of cheese, and bricks of cheese, it's cheddar perfected. On Apr. 27, 1973 after being put off the target with a blindfold, Swann allegedly remote views Jupiter, accurately predicting the existence of rings, but getting details wrong, it's always about the attitude. In 1972-9 he works on 25 criminal cases, allegedly solving three. In 1980 he pub. the prediction book What Will Happen to You When the Soviets Take Over?, we all know you got your big deals but do you have to rub it in everyone's face. In 1998 he pub. his autobio. Penetration: The Question of Extraterrestrial and Human Telepathy, in which he claims that he and "Mr. Axelrod" got in a fight with ETs they caught draining a lake, maybe this is where Obama began his White House run. In 2012 James Stein pub. The Paranormal Equation: A New Scientific Perspective on Remote Viewing, Clairvoyance, and Other Inexplicable Phenomena.
In 1970 Hornell, N.Y.-born John Alva Keel (1930-2009) (Alva John Kiehle) pub. UFOs: Operation Trojan Horse, which claims that UFOs are phenomena produced by "ultraterrestrials", beings who are able to manipulate matter and our senses, and who in the past manifested themselves as fairies, demons, etc.; "Our skies have been filled with 'Trojan horses' throughout history, and like the original Trojan horse, they seem to conceal hostile intent." In 1975 he pub. The Mothman Prophecies, about the large winged creature called Mothman in the vicinity of Point Pleasant, W. Va. in 1966-7, and the Dec. 15, 1967 collapse of the Silver Bridge across the Ohio River; filmed in 2002 starring Richard Gere.
On Dec. 13, 1973 Vichy-born French race car driver Claude Maurice Marcel Vorilhon (1946-) claims he is visited by 4-ft.-tall extraterrestrials called Elohim, who claim to have created humanity by mixing earthly DNA with their own, causing him to change his name to Rael ("messenger of the Elohim") and found the Raelian Movement; on Oct. 7, 1975 he claims he is taken by them to another planet to meet Buddha, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad, later changing Jesus to Mithras; he laters gets bigtime into cloning - just a smokescreen to get beautiful women to sleep with him?
In 1973 after helping the USAF debunk UFO reports for Project Blue Book (closed in 1969), becoming a skeptic until a small number of cases are found that can't be explained, Chicago, Ill.-born Northwestern U. astronomer Josef Allen Hynek (1910-86) founds the Center for UFO Studies (CUFOS) as a serious private research group for UFOs, building a large library for researchers; Hynek goes on to develop the Hynek Scale classification system, with three kinds of Close Encounters.
In 1973 Java-born Dutch New Age "cosmic bushwhacker" philosopher Johan Henri Quanjer (1934-2001) (pr. "kwanya") coins the term "Pneumatocracy" for a govt. ruled by spiritual people. In 1996 after settling in London and becoming chmn. of UFO Contact UK, then becoming the first non-U.K. citizen to run for the European Parliament in Britain in 1994 he pub. his autobio. The Luminous Journey: The Reflection of Pneumatocracy, the Rule of the Soul, in My Extraordinary Life.
In Jan. 1974 a UFO crashes in the Andes in Peru, and the govt. covers it up?
On Feb. 7, 1974 Grenada (one of six islands in the West Indies Associated States) wins its independence from Britain after 200+ years, with Sir Leo Victor de Gale (1921-86) as gov.-gen. #1 (until Sept. 30, 1978), who is considered the viceroy of Queen Elizabeth II; premier (since 1967) Sir Eric Matthew Gairy (1922-97) becomes PM #1 (until Mar. 13, 1979), going on to give speeches on UFOs at the U.N. to lobby it to create a UFO research agency, and curbing civil liberties to control street violence caused by his own mental instability and dictatorial ways, causing the Marxist New Jewel (New Joint Endeavor for Welfare, Education, and Liberation) Movement rebel group led by Mario Marcel Salas (1949-) to be set up in San Antonio, Tex.
On Nov. 5, 1975 the Travis Walton UFO Incident begins when forestry worker Travis Walton (1953-) is allegedly abducted by ETs in the Apache-Sitgreaves Nat. Forests near Snowflake, Ariz., and reappears after a 5-day search, becoming one of the best-documented alien abduction incidents, convincing UFOlogists, although skeptics call it a hoax; in 1978 he pub. the book Fire in the Sky: The Walton Experience, which becomes the basis of the Mar. 12, 1993 Paramount Pictures film Fire in the Sky.
On Mar. 18, 1976 Nicolas Roeg's The Man Who Fell to Earth (British Lion Films) debuts, produced by Michael Deeley and Barry Spikings and written by Paul Mayersberg based on the 1963 Walter Tevis novel, starring David Bowie as humanoid alien Thomas Jerome Newton, who comes to Earth to get water for his dying planet, and meets Mary-Lou (Candy Clark), who falls for him; Rip Torn plays friendly human Nathan Bryce; becomes a cult classic; Bowie is so good he gets typecast?; watch trailer.
On Aug. 20, 1976 the Allagash Abductions in Eagle Lake, Allagash, Maine sees brothers Jim and Jack Weiner and their friends Charles Foltz and Charles Rak claim to be abducted by ETs during a camping trip and taken aboard a flying saucer, where they are "probed and tested by four-fingered beings with almond-shaped eyes and languid limbs"; Rak later recants, but the other three stand their er, hands pat.Watch video. Watch video.
In 1976 Baku, Azerbaijan-born Am. writer Zecharia Sitchin (1920-2010) pub. The Twelfth Planet, which claims that Pre-Nubian and Sumerian texts describe the mysterious planet Nibiru, home of the Annunaki, with a long elliptical orbit that intersects the Solar System every 3.6K years, and collided with planet Tiamat between Mars and Jupiter, forming Earth, the asteroid belt and comets; #1 of the 8-vol. Earth Chronicles series, which sell millions of copies; since the last time Nibiru passed by Earth was in 556 B.C.E., the next time will be 2900 C.E., but Sitchin speculates that a spaceship force might return earlier between 2090-2370; pure baloney?
On Aug. 15, 1977 the strong narrowband Wow! Signal is received by the Big Ear SETI radio telescope at Ohio State U., causing inital excitement at contact with ETs; too bad, it isn't observed again until ?
On Nov. 16, 1977 Close Encounters of the Third Kind (Columbia Pictures) debuts, a quantum leap in sci-fi, starring Richard Dreyfuss as Roy Neary, Teri Garr as his wife, Melinda Dillon as a fellow believer, and French-speaking dir. Francois Truffaut as the govt. scientist investigating visiting ETs, who talk in lights and music; makes Devil's Tower Nat. Monument famous; #2 grossing film of 1977 ($128.2M U.S. and $306.1M worldwide on a $20M budget); first in a string of blockbusters by Steven Allan Spielberg (1946-). Now aliens are intelligent, friendly, and just wanting to communicate and make friends?
On Sept. 14, 1978 (Thur.) Garry Marshall's sitcom Mork & Mindy debuts on CBS-TV for 95 episodes (until May 27, 1982) as a spinoff of "Happy Days", starring funny man Robin McLaurin Williams (1951-2014) as E.T. Mork from Ork, and sugar britches Pamela Gene "Pam" Dawber (1951-) as his human roommate Mindy McConnell, who live in Mile-High perfect town Boulder, Colo.; "Nanu nanu", "Shazbot", "Kay-o".
In 1979 the Fund for UFO Research (FUFOR) is founded in Alexandria, Va. to fund scholarly research on UFOs and the extraterrestrial hypothesis (ETH), aiming to secure the release of classified govt. documents; by 2006 it provides over $700K in research grants before going inactive in 2011.
In the late 1970s English pranksters Doug Bower and Dave Chorley begin creating Crop Circles, which are immediately taken as proof of visiting ETs, admitting it in 1991 and showing how they do it 200x with a wood plank, rope, and a baseball cap fitted with a loop of wire; meanwhile 10K crop circles are reported by the end of the cent., 90% in S England, half within 15 km of Avebury.
In Dec. 1980 the Rendlesham Forest Incident in Suffolk, England becomes known as "Britain's Roswell" after UFOs are allegedly seen near two U.S.-run military bases; in 2002 an ex-U.S. security policeman admits that he and another airman had shone patrol car lights and made noises on a loudspeaker as a prank.
On May 26, 1982 Steven Spielberg's E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial (Universal Pictures) debuts, written by Melissa Mathison, taking the fright out of aliens from outer space (and, by Hollyweird logic, illegal aliens coming into the U.S.?), and making a star of cute young babe Drew Barrymore (Gertie), along with Dee Wallace (Mary), Henry Thomas (Elliott), and Peter Coyote (NASA man "Keys"); the short cute lovable alien male E.T. is made of brown Play-Do and chicken wire; his voice is produced by elderly Marin County, Calif. heavy smoker Pat Welsh along with Spielberg's sleeping wife with a cold, Debra Winger et al.,; his face is a composite of Carl Sandburg, Ernest Hemingway, and Albert Einstein, and looks like a giant penis, the kind both girls and boys like to kiss?; physicians from the USC Medical Center play the doctors who try to save E.T. after govt. agents take over Elliot's house; a scene starring Harrison Ford as Elliott's elementary school principal is cut; after Mars rejects an offer to use M&Ms, Hershey's Reese's Pieces (introduced 1977) are used, causing sales to zoom by 300%; does $792.9M box office on a $10.5M budget; watch trailer; view clip.
In 1982 14 U.S. scientists found the Society for Scientific Exploration (SSE), devoted to investigating what mainstream science pooh-poohs incl. UFOs, gaining 800 members in 45 countries by 2008.
On May 1-2, 1983 Kenneth Johnson's V debuts on NBC-TV, starring Marc Singer (1948-) as human Mike Donovan, and Jane Badler (1953-) as the chief Visitor in a sci-fi miniseries about the seemingly benign and advanced ET Visitors, who promise the moon then turn out to be reptilians in disguise; it is followed by the 3-part V: The Final Battle in 1984, and V the TV Series in 1984-5. On Nov. 3, 2009 ABC-TV debuts the V sci-fi TV series for 22 episodes (until Mar. 15, 2011), a refilming of the 1983 Kenneth Johnson series about disguised reptilian aliens led by Anna, played by Brazilian-born Morena Baccarin (1979-) who come to Earth and try to seduce them into being eaten by promising universal health and happiness, causing viewers to see a parallel with Pres. Obama and his universal health care program.
On Dec. 14, 1984 John Carpenter's Starman (Columbia Pictures) debuts, starring Jeff Bridges as an ET who comes to Earth after hearing the gold phonographic recording on Voyager 2, and is shot down over Chequamegon Bay, Wisc., hooking up with widow Jenny Harden (Karen Allen) and cloning himself as her dead hubby Scott Hayden, after which she helps him make it to Barringer Crater near Winslow, Ariz. to hook up with a rescue craft while being pursued by the feds; brings in $28.7M on a $24M budget; watch trailer; watch video; watch video; watch video; watch video; watch video; watch video; watch video; watch video; watch video.
On Sept. 22, 1986 ALF (Alien Life Form) debuts on NBC-TV for 102 episodes (until Mar. 24, 1990), starring creator Paul Fusco (1953-) as the voice of ALF Gordon Shumway, who likes to eat cats and crash-landed in the San Fernando Valley, Calif. garage of the Tanner family, starring Max Wright (1943-) as social worker father Willie Tanner, Luanne Ruth "Anne" Schedeen (1949-) as mother Kate Tanner, Andrea Elson (1969-) as daughter Lynn Tanner, and Benji Gregory (Benjamin Gregory Hertzberg) (1978-) as son Brian Tanner.
On Feb. 25, 1987 San Antonio, Tex.-born "The Wolfen" and "The Hunger" horror novelist Louis Whitley Strieber (1945-) pub. his first nonfiction book Communion: A True Story (NYT #1 bestseller) (2M copies), claiming to have been abducted by ETs from his cabin in Upstate New York on the evening of Dec. 26, 1985; filmed in 1989 by Philippe Mora starring Christopher Walken and Lindsay Crouse; followed by "Transformation" (1988), which the book ed. of the "Los Angeles Times" calls fiction places on its fiction list, pissing-off Strieber, who utters the soundbyte: "My book is a true story... Placing this book on the fiction list is an ugly example of exactly the kind of blind prejudice that has hurt human progress for many generations."
On Nov. 11, 1987 the Gulf Breeze UFO Incident in Fla. sees a wave of UFO sightings over three weeks.
On July 7, 1988 the Soviet Phobos 1 space vehicle is launched, followed by Phobos 2 on July 12; too bad, a software error causes Phobos 1 to lose power on Sept. 2, 1988, and Phobos 2 loses contact after Jan. 29, 1989 as it approaches the surface of Phobos, causing UFO nuts to speculate.Watch video. Watch video.
In 1990 Charlotte, N.C.-born physician Steven Macon Greer (1955-) founds the Center for the Study of Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CSETI); in 1993 he founds The Disclosure Project, as in make the govt. cough up the real dope on UFOs by interviewing past and present govt. officials; in 1999 he pub. Extraterrestrial Contact: The Evidence and Implications, followed by Disclosure: Military and Government Witnesses Reveal the Greatest Secrets in Modern History (2001), Hidden Truth, Forbidden Knowledge (2006), and Contact: Countdown to Transformation (2009).
In 1992 Canby, Minn.-born country/folk music songwriter Jerome Clark (1946-) pub. the book The UFO Encyclopedia: The Phenomenon From the Beginning, which becomes a hit for its neutral viewpoint; 2nd ed. 1998; 3rd ed. 2018; "Clark attacks skeptics for being closed-minded and dogmatic, yet he is easily impressed by questionable evidence." (Paul Kurtz)
On Sept. 10, 1993 (Fri.) the super-successful TV series The X-Files debuts on CBS-TV for 202 episodes (until May 19, 2002), created by Christopher Carl "Chris" Carter (1956-), with the creepy X-File Theme and other music by Mark Snow (Martin Fulterman) (1946-) (brother-in-law of Tyne Daly), introducing by-the-book scientific FBI babe-agent Dana Scully, played by Gillian Leigh Anderson (1968-), who is paid to reign in maverick paranormal-curious FBI agent-stud Fox Mulder, played by David William Duchovny (1960-), who is investigating the mysterious deaths of h.s. students in Ore.; introduces Scully's Theme; oo bad, 9/11 ends up killing the series - right next to Twin Peaks? Watch trailer.
On Aug. 28, 1995 the 17-min. B&W film Alien Autopsy: Fact or Fiction by London, England-born film producer Ray Santilli (1958-) is debuted on Fox-TV, hosted by Jonathan Frakes, claiming to be film of an actual autopsy performed on an ET recovered from the 1947 Roswell, N.M. spaceship crash, becoming a sensation and earning two more airings, with the Nov. 1995 one viewed by 11.7M (14% share); it later comes out that the film is a "reconstruction" of an original that had deteriorated, and that they paid a homeless man in Los Angeles, Calif. to pretend to be the cameraman. Watch video.
On June 25, 1996 Roland Emmerich's Independence Day (20th Cent. Fox) debuts, starring Bill Pullman as U.S. pres. Thomas J. Whitmore, fighting aliens from outer space who arrive in 20-mi.-wide ships and zap the White House, eliciting a worldwide jingoistic human speciesist response; Jeff Goldblum plays Jewish genius David Levinson, who uploads a virus to the alien craft, which is neat since he doesn't speak their language well enough to pilot their ships; Will Smith steals half the show as fighter pilot Capt. Steve Hiller; #1 grossing movie of 1996 ($306M U.S. and $817.4M worldwide on a $75M budget); Emmerich wrote the script while promoting the 1994 film "Stargate" after a reporter asked him if he believes in aliens; watch trailer; view clip.
On Dec. 13, 1996 Tim Burton's Mars Attacks! (Warner Bros.) debuts, based on the trading card series parodying sci-fi B-movies, starring Jack Nicholson, Glenn Close, Annette Bening, Pierce Brosnan, Danny DeVito, and Sarah Jessica Parker, and features gawd-awful Slim Whitman "Indian Love Call" music along with Theremin SFX; Burton's model babe Lisa Marie Smith (1968-) plays the lethal Martian Girl; grosses $101M worldwide on a $100M budget; watch trailer; view clip.
Mirror, mirror, on the wall, who is the greatest star of all? On Mar. 26, 1997 as the approach of Comet Hale-Bopp stirs the world's imagination (incl. a rash of Hollywood movies, all making money from Millennium Fever), police discover the Heaven's Gate cult mass suicide in San Diego, Calif. via phenolbarbitol, vodka, and plastic bags on their heads; these 39 castrated web designers (18 women, 21 men) (all dressed alike, with close-cropped hair), led by zany Marshall Herff Applewhite Jr. (b. 1931) believed that their spirits will meet ETs in the comet after leaving their "vehicles"; they made their dough by designing Web sites under the name Higher Source, and ran their own cool Heaven's Gate Web Site.
On Nov. 22, 1997 Robert Zemeckis' Contact debuts, based on the 1985 novel by Carl Sagan (who dies during production); stars "Freaky Friday" actress Jodie Foster as Seti astronomer Dr. Ellie Arroway, who receives signals from Vega containing a plan for a gravity-bending spaceship, and goes through the wormholes to meet her own dead daddy (David Morse) uttering the soundbyte "Small steps", and returns only to have the govt. cover it up; brings in $171M on a $90M budget; "A journey to the heart of the Universe"; "The Universe is a pretty big place. It's bigger than anything anyone has ever dreamed of before. So if it's just us, seems like an awful waste of space, right?" - it would be funny if it weren't so tragic? Watch trailer; view cip.Watch video. Watch video.
In 1997 New York City-born Sheldan Nidle (1946-) founds the Planetary Activation Org. in Maui, Hawaii, devoted to contact of Starseeds on Agartha with the Sirians and their Galactic Federation of Light Allies.
In Mar. 1998 U.S. Army Col. Philip J. Corso (1915-98) and Am. UFOlogist William J. "Bill" Birnes (1944-) pub. the NYT bestseller The Day After Roswell, claiming that Corso helped protect artifacts from the 1947 Roswell, N.M. spaceship crash, and saw a secret govt. operation under CIA dir. #1 Adm. Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter work to use alien UFO technology to pump up the U.S. defense industry with fiber optics, particle beams, and Star Wars technology; Corso dies on July 18.
On May 17, 1999 SETI@Home is launched to search space for signs of ETs, becoming the first attempt to use distributed Internet PC power; in 2002 it becomes BOINC; by 2009 it has 2.5M users giving a total of seven petaflops of computing power; it ceases operations on Mar. 31, 2020.
On May 12, 2000 Roger Christian's Battlefield Earth, based on the 1982 L. Ron Hubbard novel debuts, a Dutch angle stinker starring John Travolta as Terl the Psychlo, Barry Pepper as human Jonnie Goodboy Tyler, and Forest Whitaker as Psychlo Ker; grosses $29.7M on a $44M budget; "One of the worst films ever made"; watch trailer.
On Nov. 10-16, 2004 the USS Nimitz UFO Incident sees two F/A-18 Super Hornet pilots led by Strike Fighter Squadron 41 cmdr. allegedly ancounter a UFO, which critics attribute to equipment malfunction; on May 31-July 5, 2019 the History Channel debuts Unidentified: Inside America's UFO Investigation, featuring Blink-182 lead singer Tom DeLonge, 2015 founder of the To the Stars Academy of Arts & Sciences; in Sept. 2019 a 2nd season is greenlit after viral clips from the show are confirmed by the U.S. Navy to be authentic footage.
In Nov. 2004 after becoming the first Ascended Master to admit a channeled UFO-related entity, Master Ashtar into his teachings, Joshua David Stone (1953-2005) founds I AM (Integrated Ascended Masters) U. in San Luis Obispo, Calif., which later moves to Austria; when he dies Gloria Excelsias takes over.
On June 29, 2005 Steven Spielberg's War of the Worlds (Amblin Entertainment) (Paramount Pictures) (DreamWorks Pictures) debuts, a remake of the 1953 Byron Haskin flick, starring Tom Cruise as Ray Ferrier, and Dakota Fanning as his daughter Rachel, using images from the 9/11 exodus of New Yorkers from Lower Manhattan; "The images that stand out most in my mind are of everybody from Manhattan crossing the George Washington Bridge in the shadow of 9/11. It was a searing image I haven't been able to get out of my head" (Spielberg); does $591.7M box office on a $132M budget; watch trailer.
In 2007 the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program is founded by the U.S. govt. to explain UFOs, ending in 2012 after $22M in funding; it is made public on Dec. 16, 2017. Watch video.
On Apr. 25, 2010 English #1 physicist-cosmologist Stephen William Hawking (1942-2018) narrates the documentary series Into the Universe with Steven Hawking, in which he suggests that alien civilizations sufficiently advanced to come to Earth may be hostile, with the soundbyte: "Such advanced aliens would perhaps become nomads, looking to conquer and colonize whatever planets they could reach. Who knows what the limits would be?" On Sept. 22, 2016 he narrates the documentary Stephen Hawking's Favorite Places, adding the soundbyte: "Meeting an advanced civilization could be like Native Americans encountering Columbus. That didn't turn out so well."
On Feb. 14, 2011 Greg Mottola's Paul (Relativity Media) (Working Title Films) (Universal Pictures) debuts, starring Simon Pegg and Nick Frost as Graeme Willy and Clive Gollings, two British sci-fi geeks with a big RV who help wisecracking cig-smoking alcohol-swigging ET Paul (voiced by Seth Rogen) escape from FBI agents Lorenzo Zoll (Jason Bateman), Agent Haggard (Bill Hader) et al. to his home planet, pleasing nostalgia buffs with numerous sci-film references; Sigourney Weaver plays FBI chief Big Guy; Jeffrey Tambor plays famous sci-fi writer Adam Shadowchild; features a voice cameo by Steven Spielberg; "Who's up for a close encounter?"; does $98M box office on a $40M budget; watch trailer.Watch video.
In 2011 Anthony F. Sanchez pub. UFO Highway, about the true history of Mankind, the Greys, Annunaki, Illuminati et al.
On Apr. 22, 2013 Amardeep Kaleka's Kickstarter-funded documentary Sirius debuts, based on Steven M. Greer's book "Hidden Truth, Forbidden Knowledge", claiming that UFOs are real.
In Jan. 2016 Breakthrough Listen is launched with $100M in funding, based at the Berkeley SETI Research Center, becoming the most comprehensive search for extraterrestrial microwave emissions; in Oct. 2019 it begins a collaboration with the team managing the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS).
On Sept. 1, 2016 Denis Willenueve's Arrival (Paramount Pictures) debuts, written by Eric Heisserer based on the short story "Story of Your Life" by Ted Chiang, starring Amy Adams as cunning linguist Louise Banks, Jeremy Renner as physicist ian Donnelly, Forest Whitaker as U.S. Army Col. Weber, Tzi Ma as Gen. Shang, and Michael Stuhibarg as Agent Halpern, who must deal with multiple giant ET spacecraft all over the Earth filled with giant mute heptapods, having to decide whether to shoot 'em or greet 'em; features "On the Nature of Daylight" by composer Max Richter; does $116M box office on a $47M budget; watch trailer.
In 2018 development begins on the Pulsed All-Sky Near-Infrared Optical SETI (PANOSETI), two telescopes at Lick Observatory that are planned on growing to hundreds to scan the entire sky for alien laser signals.
On Sept. 19, 2019 CNN airs the segment US Navy confirms UFO videos are the real deal, complete with videos.
On Mar. 20, 2020 an electric flying car test with a $1M prize garners no winners.