TLW's New Age Historyscope
By T.L. Winslow (TLW), the Historyscoper™
© Copyright by T.L. Winslow. All Rights Reserved.
Original Pub. Date: Jan. 31, 2013. Last Update: Jan. 4, 2018.
Westerners are not only known as history ignoramuses, but double dumbass history ignoramuses when it comes to New Age Movement history. Since I'm the one-and-only Historyscoper (tm), let me quickly bring you up to speed before you dive into my Master Historyscope.
The New Age Movement has been gaining lots of steam in the West since the 1960s, spreading the concepts of New Thought, incl. that God or Infinite Intelligence is everywhere, we're really immortal spirit beings, sickness is all in the mind, miracles can be made to happen, etc., white hair helps sell books. The Law of Attraction ("like attracts like") is usually prominently featured. Despite their attraction, New Agers are anything but monolithic, and may be into Astrology, Auras, Black and White Magic, Chakras, Chi Energy, Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), Crystals, Druidism, Eastern Mysticism, Esotericism, Extraterrestrials and UFOs, Firewalking, Gaia, Gnosticism, Hare Krishna, Hermeticism, Hinduism, the Human Potential Movement, Idealism, Mind Science, Native American Spirituality, Near-Death Experiences, Nirvana, Parapsychology, Psychics, Reincarnation, Shamanism, Spiritism, Tai Chi, Taoism, Tarot, Theosophy, Trance-Channeling (Mediumship), Transcendental Meditation, Transpersonal Psychology, UFO Religions, Wicca (Witchcraft), Wisdom Tradition, Yin-Yang, Yoga, and Zen Buddhism.
The movement takes its name from the 1804-10 poem Milton by English Romantic poet-artist William Blake (1757-1827): "... when the New Age is at leisure to pronounce, all will be set right." Blake is also known for the poem Auguries of Innocence, which starts: "To see a world in a grain of sand,/ And a heaven in a wild flower,/ Hold infinity in the palm of your hand,/ And eternity in an hour." and ends: "God appears, and God is light,/ "To those poor souls who dwell in night;/ "But does a human form display/ "To those who dwell in realms of day."
The movement often denies the existence of reality and time, but at the same time seems to be grounded on belief in the arrival or coming of the Age of Aquarius. The astronomical signs are Aries, followed by Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces (A tall girl can leap very long since she carries a pussycat :) The astrological ages are each 2,150 years long (the Earth's 25,800-year gyroscopic precession period divided by 12), and proceed backwards, Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn, etc. Too bad, the exact year when the Age of Aquarius begins is disputed, with some of course claiming a date in the 1960s, esp. after the 1967 debut of the rock musical Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical, with its opening song Aquarius ("When the Moon is in the Seventh House, and Jupiter aligns with Mars, then Peace will guide the Planets, and Love will steer the Stars. This is the dawning of the Age of Aquarius... Harmony and understanding, sympathy and trust abounding; no more falsehoods or derision - golden living, dreams of visions, mystic crystal revelation, and the mind's true liberation. Aquarius..."); most place the Great Attunement sometime in the 20th cent., some on Dec. 12, 2012, making 2013 the Year of Prosperity. Duh, the next age will be the Age of Capricorn, meaning people will start butting heads? TLW is a Capricorn :) Too bad, some astrologers think that the Age of Aquarius is actually the Age of Capricorn because the Moon's gravitational pull on the Earth has caused a 1 mo. shift in the Zodiac.
Cutting to the chase, in 2004 according to English writer Nevill Drury (1947-2013) in "The New Age: Searching for the Spiritual Self", the "four key precursors of the New Age" are Christian mystic Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772), Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) (proponent of "animal magnetism"), Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-91) (co-founder of the Theosophical Society), and George Gurdjieff (1866-1949) (founder of the Fourth Way, known for the soundbyte "Man lives life in sleep, and in sleep he dies"). He later adds Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), adherent of Vedanta Hinduism, a disciple of Ramakrishna Paramhamsa (Gadadhar Chattopadhyay) (1836-86).
In 1977 Am. New Ager Marilyn Ferguson (1938-2008) sent a questionnaire to 210 "persons engaged in social transformation" that she calls "Aquarian Conspirators", asking them to name people whose ideas influenced them, and obtained the following list, in order of frequency: Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955), Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961), Abraham Maslow (1908-70), Carl Rogers (1902-87), Aldous Huxley (1894-1963), Roberto Assagioli (1888-1974), and Jiddu Krishnamurti (1895-1986). Others frequently mentioned: Paul Tillich (1886-1965), Hermann Hesse (1877-1962), Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947), Martin Buber (1878-1965), Ruth Benedict (1887-1948), Margaret Mead (1901-78), Gregory Bateson (1904-80), Tarthang Tulku, Alan Wilson Watts (1915-73), Sri Aurobindo (1872-1950), Swami Muktananda (1908-82), Deisetsu Teitaro Suzuki (1870-1966), Thomas Merton (1915-68), Willis Harman (1918-97), Kenneth Ewart Boulding (1910-93), Elise M. Boulding (1920-2010), Erich Fromm (1900-80), Marshall McLuhan (1911-80), R. Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983), Frederic Spiegelberg (1897-1994), Alfred Korzybski (1879-1950), Heinz von Foerster (1911-2002), John C. Lilly (1915-2001), Werner Erhard (1935-), Oscar Ichazo (1931-), Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1918-2008), Joseph Chilton Pearce (1926-), Karl H. Pribram (1919-), Gardner Murphy (1895-1979), and Albert Einstein (1879-1955), what, no Latinos?
Since 1977 two big names have emerged in the New Age Movement, Helen Schucman (1909-81), and Oprah Winfrey (1954-), connecting with the global phenomenon we call the Internet of Everything.
One common thread among movement members is the different Levels of Consciousness (Esotericism), with the punchline being that their guru or leader has one higher than yours, kaching :)
Let's give the Bible equal time before going into the secular timeline.
-4004 The nightfall before Oct. 23 (Sun.) (autumnal equinox) is the date of the Creation, according to Protestant Bible fundamentalists, based on the work of Irish Archbishop James Ussher (1581-1656), who dates the birth of Christ in 4 B.C.E. (so Darwinian evolution is the Fall of the House of Ussher?); end of the Sixth Day (land animals and man created); Adam (d. -3074) (Heb. "red", as in dirt or maybe blood, the sacred mojo of Jehovah?) is created from the dust of the Earth (Gen. 2:7); Noah's birth is 1,056 years ahead (-2992); (the original think outside the bun wasn't a good idea?) the Garden of Eden, the birthplace of the human race, is the source of four rivers, the Euphrates (Prath), Gihon, Pishon (which encircles the entire land of Havilah), and Tigris (Hidekel), indicating either that it is in the snow-covered mountains or that there is no snow but that it receives a constant source of rainfall, making it a lush garden where food and medicine grow on trees and all humans have to do is tend them and live practically forever, as long as they don't disobey God (i.e. sin), which he tests them by telling them that one special tree is not to be eaten from, the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Bad (Evil), which is not necessarily special in itself but is just an easy-to-obey test, which doesn't stop them from doing it anyway, introducing Sin into the world, causing God to instantly judge them as worthy of death and have them expelled from Eden so they can be die eventually despite any and all technology they can come up with to feed, clothe, and shelter themselves in the cruel world, while being barred from directly talking with God anymore, leaving them to their new god, I hope you know my name, please allow me to introduce myself, Satan, Heaven's Top Model, originally the 2nd of God's sons (the Logos being the first), who was originally given the prestige job of "covering angel" for newly-created humans, the first material creatures created in God's image (hence all the complicated gray junk in our skulls), and are given God's Blessing of living forever while multiplying and filling the Earth and subduing it through the seed of the original perfect sinless man Adam, who can talk directly with God if he wants to and doesn't need a Savior yet? Too bad, Satan gets tired of working in the department store and letting little humans sit on his knee, and grows envious of God, figures these inferior humans can be subverted to worship him instead, and goes to work with the Great Deception, appearing in the form of a naughty girl's toy and getting a little too friendly with "weaker vessel" Eve (the first cunnilingus?), after which "the Serpent beguiled me and I did eat" of the fruit of the forbidden Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil and sin (disobey an order of God, who made sinning both so easy and so hard, depending on whether you love him); then, even worse, she leads her lawfully-married-under-God husband Adam to do it for fear of losing his helpmate (tailor-made just for him out of his rib) and ending up as a lonely people counting crows again? Too bad, this leaves God standing in the wind, as sin is the ultimate grief man can give their all-loving Creator, who, as an all-just judge, must reverse the Blessing and institute the Curse, kick them out of the Garden of Eden (where life is easy and food and medicine grow on trees, and animals are all tame and vegetarian), and bar them from the gates by an angel with a flaming sword (Gen. 3:24), after which the area turns into a sour grapes forbidden zone overgrown with vegetation? Once he's past that problem, the fallen angel Satan (opposer) (serpent) (Rev. 12:9), AKA Lucifer (Light-Bringer, appearing to be Light) (Isaiah 14:12-13) and Devil (liar, slanderer) (1 Peter 5:8) (the original Elvis?), who sinned first, before Eve and Adam, and who is himself doomed to die and knows it, decides he'd rather rule in hell than serve in heaven, and keeps his new groupies deceived that the world is still their oyster, death is natural, but that if they stick with him and do his walk they're going to become as gods and know right from wrong on their own outside of God's favor, therefore stayin' alive, stayin' alive forever, when actually they're his slaves, told what to think and do, and led down the er, garden path as they are under judgment of eternal death by their wronged Creator and Supreme Court? So what do they do? The wrong thing? Instead of repenting, telling Satan to stuff it and trying to get right with God, they continue to sin and let themselves be used, abused and losed by Sick Santa, spreading their sin to their children, and filling a fallen Earth with fallen people more and more openly worshiping Satan as their god after totally alienating themselves from the Real Thing Big J (Jehovah)? Never fear, God-And-Man-No-Religion-Modern-Love, the Sun's coming up, as Big J knows the End from the Beginning, and is already an infinite number of moves ahead of his opponent Jim the Bow Snake, and has already put a Redemption Plan (Gen. 3:15) in place to turn the Curse back into the Blessing, after man earns it, not by doing good works expecting to pay the fine and avoid the death sentence, but by being faithful to the Invisible God no matter what bull Satan can tempt him with, and paying the one and only ransom God will accept, namely, not all of Nature Talks To Me, but Jesus swinging in the breeze? But that's where you come in? As a day is as a thousand (or thousands) of our years with God (2 Peter 3:8, Psalms 90:4), it will end up taking 4K+ years to implement, as humans reproduce into the billions and all the variations on the board get played? Meanwhile, God makes the Earth livable, but with no free lunch, i.e., only at the expense of eternal toil, pain in childbirth, sickness and disease caused by the loss of perfection (Gen. 3:16-19)? You got X-ray eyes? Too bad, until the game is played out this is Satan's world now, and he keeps accusing God of being unable to maintain the loyalty of man without giving him everything for free, and even appears in his court (Job chap. 1) to make a motion to allow him to have a free hand to afflict him with curses to show God he's right that even a righteous man will blame and curse God instead of him? Yi yi yi, Little China Guy TLW isn't anywhere near being born yet, but when he is he finally figures out that his sources for GTT are untrustworthy, and worse, that that gut feeling that the truth is horrible, horrible keeps bugging him, because maybe it's all true, and nobody knows me, nobody knows my name not, and Bad S has really been from Day One eternally working to keep all of Adam's seed separated from and not right with God with a legion of deceptions, using the carrot and stick approach to trap them into worshiping idols and false gods (really Satan's demons behind phony masks, with whom it is a giant mistake to even attempt to communicate with), using any trick to win the million tax-free bucks in Survivor: Earth, incl. taking credit for luck and coincidence, posing as dead souls to trick their dupes into thinking they're communicating with the dead after they sell their living souls first, and low blows forever, doing what he did with Eve, perverting gift of fertility along with his command to be fruitful and multiply, don't worry, be happy, you're been given everything and it works, and warping it into addictive, self-destructive, super-sinful lust fulfillments, holding up a mirage of an Edenlike state of happiness, when the con is that Satan is a piker, and God decreed death as the ultimate wages for sin, and everybody from Adam and Even down knows it whether they want to admit it or not, and being Chinese is no excuse? You're so pretty? Those are excellent words and your long tongue what? But Shake-It-Shake-It-What's-My-Line Wiley Coyote even tries to make that judgment into a lure to do it now while one can, for tomorrow you die and living too long is a drag, so party hearty and leave a good-looking corpse, and, like a chess game, the Devil works on each and every human mind 24/7 to bring him/her down from their original perfect relationship with the Creator, constantly trying to make them vulnerable, then finding their price, be it human sacrifice, sexual appetite, gluttony, astrology, magic and mediums, wealth and power, the Rolling Stones and Elvis, or above all, mass organized team-playing war (mass slaughter and rape, always pushing technology for more kill for the buck oh shut your mouth), ever seeking to make crime and sin a legal right and lifestyle; thus, history after Eden is a story of Good vs. Evil, White vs. Black, Christ vs. Antichrist, God vs. the Devil, and so it's to Beelzebub's advantage to twist history any way he can, and substitute his own, which makes two shiny pictures of himself, one in each of our eyes. But God is Good, and is always quite close at hand if you get Satan behind you, and being invisible and unable to communicate with sinful you directly because he's too holy (separate), he's already covered that base and directly inspired a tiny number of truly faithful down through the centuries with his Word, and insured that it has been transmitted and preserved, call it a miracle. So, listen to my heart beat, knowing what he has to cover up, the Genius Mister Sharky gets seriouser, says let's dance and fills up every program on the radio, twisting the Great Track of Time like a roller coaster, causing a strong deception that can fool even the wise and deceive even the very elect of God, because after all, ricochet, face the wall, Old Scratch and His Band are a higher form of life and keep concentrating despite our own chess players having to play tag team, ever coming and going, and therefore all of the Great Track of Time prior to the Fall, however scientific it appears, is actually sad Satanic fiction foisted on learned idiot-savants who are deceived into thinking they have a way to see backwards in time by looking at an endless coverup actively foisted on them by their former covering angel, who is actually covering his own tracks in maneuvering to become their total master and god, even though he knows that he and all his fellow fallen angels and human dupes will end up in the Galactic Computer's Bit Bucket when God calls the game and does a new Sysgen, with a lucky few saved for the New World, namely those supposed squares who took his word seriously and realized that all along it is checkmate in one move, God to Armageddon-1, if only we get humble, give up our seat and let him send in his you know what Son to play for us? Satan, I dedicate this Great Track of Time to you? Or is it all just a fairy tale and we came from da monkeys? Don't ask me I'm just doing my best to not have an opinion?
-4003 And just when
-4002 did lonely Adam
-4001 get his madam, his marriage certificate and his first holy nookie, popping the first cherry and causing the rest of us to start rolling out with no shame?
Going back from here, we leave the realm of history and enter the realm of Archeology, Anthropology, Geology, Cosmology and Cosmic Speculation - real Science, or infinite regress and mirror tricks, ask your father?
According to the Bible, the first New Ager was Eve, who bought the story of the Serpent, who told her: "You shall not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil" (Gen. 3:4-5). New Agers counter with the Jewish female demon Lilith, the alleged first wife of Adam before he started boning himself.
In ancient times there were many pagan religions based on spiritualism. The Bible, whose purpose is to proclaim absolute monotheism, treats those with familiar spirits (sorcerers, mediums, and necromancers) as witches who are to be put to death. Modern-day channelers are forever up against 2 Corinthians 11:14, which contains the warning: "Don't be surprised, for Satan himself appears as an angel of light." The Bible Book of Revelation talks about the Whore of Babylon riding a Beast before the return of Christ, signifying a falling away from the true faith to pagan Babylonian doctrines of demons. This throws a sinister evil shadow over modern-day New Agers who are into the Occult, which they can never quite shake off no matter how godly or Christlike they try to appear, not that the openly pagan ones care. The Bible denies reincarnation, with the soundbyte "It is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment." (Hebrews 9:27) The New Testament denies that there are many ways to God, with the soundbyte "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is no other name under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved." (Acts 4:12)
From ancient times witches and sorcerers were claimed to use Magic Wands, and later when Dowsing became popular for locating ore and water, the Roman Catholic Church declared it sorcery. Many New Agers are into Psychic Powers and Parapsychology, despite a 1988 U.S. Nat. Academy of Sciences report concluding that there is "no scientific justification from research conducted over a period of 130 years for the existence of parapsychological phenomena."
About 4000 B.C.E. the Sumerian storm goddess-demon Lilith (Akkadian "Lilitu" = night") is worshiped, becoming known for appearing to men in erotic dreams and having sex with them, although she is sterile and has no milk; she is later claimed to be the mythological real first wife of the Bible's Adam. Also about 4000 B.C.E. the human race reaches its emotional-intellectual peak, with civilization making it less and less intelligent? Also about 4000-3000 B.C.E. if the Bible's Adam and Eve story is true, giant Nephilim (Heb. "those causing others to fall or fail") inhabit the Earth until Noah's Flood (Gen. Ch. 6); "Now it came about, when men began to multiply on the face of the land, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves, whomever they chose. Then the LORD said, 'My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; nevertheless his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.' The Nephilim were on the Earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown" - the origin of the Greek gods?
Back to the Bible.
-2348 Methuselah (b. -3317) dies at age 969 (Gen. 5:27); 600-y.-o. Noah (b. -2948) finishes Noah's Ark, 300 cubits long x 50 cubits wide by 30 cubits high (438 ft. x 73 ft. x 44 ft.) (Gen. 6:15-16), which has 1.4M cubic ft. of cargo space and 96K sq. ft. of floor space on 3 floors (same as the Titanic) and holds at least the bare minimum of 43 kinds of mammals, 74 kinds of birds, and 10 kinds of reptiles necessary to restock the Earth; the waters of the Great Flood of Noah (Noah's Flood) begin to fall in Nov. (Gen. 7:11); allegedly a protective water canopy orbiting over Earth falls, at first drowning everything that breathes air, then part of it freezes, leaving a permanently raised ocean level with a new continental configuration (avg. ocean depth 2.5 mi., avg. land elev. 0.5 mi.) (incl. the Grand Canyon, the world's largest gorge?); since then we get too much direct radiation, causing the life span to plummet (and also conveniently causing all the hereditary skin colors?); whether the Great Flood happened or not, glaciers end up occupying 5.8M sq. mi. of the world's land surface, about 10%, an area the size of South Am.; if the Earth were to be flattened out, water would cover it to a depth of 2 mi.; if the Antarctic ice were melted, the ocean level would rise 240 ft., submerging one-quarter of the world's land mass; computer simulations by Nat. Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo. in 2010 show how a land bridge could be created by a strong E wind at the junction of an ancient river and a submerged coastal lagoon along the Mediterranean Sea.
-2347 Noah's Flood wipes out all but eight humans (Noah, his three sons and their very fecund wives) and a homemade wooden ark full of zoological specimens; there being no water canopy anymore, the rainbow first appears, big J's promise of no more global floods - absolute truth, or a fairy tale? Coincidence or not, the Chinese character for ship consists of the characters for eight + persons + vessel.
-2346 Noah (b. -2948) is 602 years old; Shem (b. -2446) is 100 years old; Arpachshad, son of Shem is born, and lives 438 years (Gen. 10:22-24; 11:10-13; 1 Chron. 1:17-27); meanwhile Noah and his three sons and their wives get to work reproducing like rabbits, founding 70 main families, which spread out from Mount Ararat between the Black and Caspian Seas; "From these the nations were spread about in the Earth" (Gen. 10:32); Noah's son Japheth (Heb. "he expands") founds the 14 Indo-European families (Aryan speech): Ham (Heb. "heat") founds the 30 Afro-Asiatic families (Hamitic speech) through his four sons Cush (Ethiopians), Canaan (Canaanites), Mizraim (Egyptians), and Uncle Nasty, er, Phut (Put) (Libyans); Egypt is called the "land of Ham", and their deity Ammon is really Ham-on (Rye?); Shem (Heb. "fame") founds the 26 Asiatic families (Semitic speech); Japheth Branch: Gomer (Cimmerians N of Black Sea), Ashkenaz (SE of Black Sea), Riphath (Paphlagonians), Togarmah (Armenians), Magog, Madai (Medes S of Caspian Sea), Javan (Ionians), Elishah (near Greece), Tarshish (SW Europe and Spain), Kittim (Cyprus), Dodanim (Rodanim) (Rhodes and adjacent islands), Tubal (Tibareni in Asia Minor), Meshech (Phyrians in Asia Minor), Tiras (Tyrrhenians in the Aegean); Ham Branch: Cush (Ethiopians in E Africa and Arabia), Seba (E Africa), Havilah (SW Arabia), Sabtah (S Arabia), Raamah (SW Arabia), Sheba (SW Arabia), Dedan (Arabia), Sabteca (S Arabia/Ethiopia), Mizraim (Egyptians), Ludim (N Africa), Anamim (Egypt), Lehabim (Libyans), Naphtuhim (N Egypt), Pathrusim (Upper Egypt), Casluhim, Philistines (Palestine), Caphtorim (Cretans), Put (N Africa), Canaan (W of Jordan River), Sidon (Canaan's son) (Sidonians or Phoenicians), Heth (Canaan's son) (Hittites), Jebusite (Jerusalem), Amorite (Palestine), Girgashite (W of Jordan River), Hivite (Central Palestine), Arkite (W of Lebanon Mts.), Sinite, Arvadite (Syrian coast islands), Zemarite (N of Phoenician Coast), Hamathite (N of Palestine); Shem Branch: Elam (SE of Mesopotamia), Asshur (Assyrians), Arpachshad, Shelah, Eber (Arabia, Mesopotamia), Peleg, Joktan (Arabians), Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, Jobab, Lud (Lydians of Asia Minor), Aram (Aramaeans and Syrians), Uz, Hul (near Armenia), Gether, Mash (Syro-Arabian Desert or N Mesopotamia).
In the Bible Book of Leviticus 16:8-10 Azazel is mentioned as the desert demon to which goats are to be sacrificed, causing some to think of it as a god to be worshipped in its own right.
Putting the Bible aside for the moment. The beginnings of religion are shrouded in darkness. Obviously, people in the wild will worship anything that seems to work, a tree, an animal, a Big Dick rock, a celestial object, a river, whoo hoo, it's a mixture of skiing and hang-gliding for speed junkies. The Sun seems to be better to worship than other things, because, one, how can you be an atheist, are you blind? (if so we'll pin you down out in the desert for a week until you see the light), and two, no human power can touch it, it's so far up there no arrow or missile can reach it, it never fails to come back and is therefore immortal, and can't you feel it's heat, obviously it's the source of all life and warmth. Of course, after the big brains began figuring out the implications of their god dying and being resurrected every day, and waxing and waning in yearly cycles, then correlated this with the regularities in the motions of the Moon, other planets and stars, they began to believe in a higher reality behind the observations, and manufactured the more heavy duty and long-lasting cerebral religions, disguise this connection as they might.
But we're talking about major religions that survived to modern times, so let's start with India, way back in the Early Harappan Period (-5500 to -2600), where India's original jackpot lotto game, Hinduism was developed. The Hindu concept of Akasha (Sans. "ether") has been coopted by New Agers and modern pagans as the Fifth Element, the spiritual force that Earth, Air, Fire, and Water descend from, hence without Akasha there can be no spirit, soul, or magic; they also call it the Music of the Spheres.
The history of ancient Egypt seems to exist in a different time warp than the Bible, sorry. Let's mention that in 2551 B.C.E. Khufu (Cheops) (d. -2528) becomes the first king of the Fourth (4th) Dynasty; his mother is Hetepheres (Hetapheres) I; Khufu builds the 450-ft.-high Great Pyramid of Khufu at Al Jizah (Giza Plateau), 0.25 mi. from the Nile, becoming the tallest bldg. in the world until the 19th cent. C.E.; it incl. a tablet explaining how Thoth, god of the night gambled with the Moon and won five days to add to the 360-day calendar outside the jurisdiction of Sun god Ra; the architect is Hemon, son of Snefru and cousin of Khufu; the work takes 100K workers 20 years, and uses 3M 2.5-15-ton stone blocks from Giza, the E bank of the Nile, and Aswan (600 mi. downstream) (only source of granite in Egypt), impoverishing the country and using up the entire male pop.; in 1954 C.E. the 125-ft. Solar Funeral Barque (Ship) of Khufu is discovered near the Great Pyramid; in 2007 C.E. Jean-Pierre Houdin (1951-) claims to have discovered how they built it, using an outer ramp for the first 140 ft. and a corkscrew-shaped inner ramp for the next 310 ft.; in 2010 the existence of dried mud brick tombs nearby are claimed to prove that the workers were not slaves - gaining the whole world and losing his soul?
Why does Babylon figure so big when it comes to the Occult? Around 2200 B.C.E. construction begins on the Tower of Babel (Gen. 11:4), an attempt to disobey Jehovah's order to populate the entire Earth and instead build New York, New York, it's my kind of town, which Big J foils by confounding the workers' languages, rewiring their language circuits so that what they have here is a failure to communicate, and they do a Cool Hand Luke and ditch their own U.N. Bldg. (no translators), and go their own ways, forever at war while spreading all over the Earth? Was Babylon the original source of magic, divination, and astrology, and was the Tower of Babel built on the Dark Isle (al-Djezair) between the Tigris and Euphrates, containing eight tiers in an attempt to attain to immortality, becoming the source of the Eightfold Path of Buddha, the figure-8 twined serpents on the Caduceus (Staff of Hermes, AKA Mercury, AKA Thoth, AKA Prince of Tricksters, Joker, Jester, Fool), the I-Ching, Tarot Cards, the Game of Kings (Chess) and the Knights' Tour, the marriage of the Red King and White Queen, the secret of the peacock's tail, the sideways-8 figure for infinity, and the alchemical quest for the Philosopher's Stone, a cake made from a reddish-black powder, which is mixed with Aqua Philosophia, "heavy water" gathered from dew when the Sun is between the Bull and the Ram (when the water falling from the Moon is heaviest), creating the Elixir of Life (al-Iksir), which gives immortality if made correctly, but death if made incorrectly?
About 1627 B.C.E. the volcano on the island of Thera AKA Santorini in the Aegean Sea 100 mi. SE of Athens erupts, causing half of the island to sink into the sea, along with a city in the Bay of Naples, becoming the greatest vocanic eruption in ancient times; a tsunami hits Crete, destroying the Minoan fleet, dealing their civilization a lethal blow; ditto the Hyksos; in 1967 Greek archeologist Spyridon Nikolaou Marinatos (1901-74) discovers remains of a Minoan civilization in Akrotiri in SW Santorini, incl. a sewage and freshwater system, and 3-story bldgs. with indoor bathrooms and toilets; the explosion is the origin of the Atlantis legend of Plato, according to Greek seismologist Angelos Galanopoulos; frescoes found in Thera show a goddess presiding over the manufacture of drugs from the saffron flower (Crocus sativus); each flower has three stigmas, and it takes 150 flowers to yield 1g of dry saffron threads, which currently cost $1K per lb.
Meanwhile in Egypt about 1550 B.C.E. the Egyptian Book of the Dead (Book of Emerging Forth into the Light) goes onto the Memphis Times Bestseller List for those wanting to make it to the Field of Reeds (until -50).
About 1500 B.C.E. the Vedic Period begins in India (ends -500), with major portions of the 1,028 Veda Hymns (Sans. "veda" = knowledge) being composed, incl. the Rig Veda (Royal Knowledge), Sama Veda (Chant Knowledge), Yajur Veda (Sacrificial Ritual Knowledge), Atharva Veda (Knowledge of Incarnations); the Universe was allegedly evolved by self-existent Brahma (Sans. "worship") (Prajapati) the Creator (part of the Hindu Trimurti or Triad) from a cosmic egg; he originally had five heads, until Siva (Sans. "auspicious") the Destroyer, god of destruction and reproduction, the 3rd member of the Hindu Trinity destroys four of them, and he becomes red and rides on a swan with his consort Sarasvati ("eloquence personified"), who becomes the goddess of writing and the arts; meanwhile the 2nd member Vishnu (Sans. "all-pervader") the Preserver stabilizes everything, going on to have several human incarnations, incl. Krishna (Kistna) - where are the sex manuals?
The next big breakthrough came from an Egyptian pharaoh, Akhenaten (-1384 to -1334) (formerly Amenhotep IV), who overthrew the age-old polytheistic religion in Egypt and came up with ta-da monotheism before he got his effeminate butt kicked and died before reaching 50, the orginal Elvis and Joseph Smith. Too bad, the Egyptian religion embodied in the Book of the Dead didn't survive, since it was written in hieroglypics and people forgot how to read them.
1491 B.C.E. is traditional date of the First Passover, the Biblical Exodus, and the Red Sea Crossing Caper (Ex. Chs. 12-15), led by Moses; on Nisan 14 the first Passover is held (Ex. 12:1-13), then on Nisan 15 Israel departs from Egypt starting at Memphis, being joined by others from Goshen to the N, eventually growing to 2M-3M, and passing over the El Haj trade route to Succoth, reaching Etham N of the Red Sea; then, to solve some sibling rivalry between the top dogs (er, gods) of the two competing religions, the Jews are ordered by Jehovah to "turn back and encamp before Pihahiroth ("mouth of the gorges") between Migdol and the sea in view of Baal-zephon... by the sea" to the S (Heb. "Yam Suph" = "Red Sea" = Gulf of Aqaba?) (Nueba Beach at the end of Nueba Peninsula at the end of 2K-ft.-high Wadi Watir Canyon?) (Ex. 13:20-14:3), which causes Pharaoh and the Egyptians to think they are lost and harden their hearts and pursue them in 600+ chariots (Ex. 14:7); Jehovah then commands Moses to lift up his rod and stretch his hand out over the sea, parting the waters so the Hebrew nation can walk on the dry seabed (Ex. 14:16); after Jehovah makes the wheels of their chariots come off to slow them down (Ex. 14:25), Moses stretches out his hand over the sea again, causing it to close on the Egyptians and kill them all (Ex. 14:26-28); "But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand and on their left. Thus the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore" (Ex. 14:29-30); joyful Moses and the men celebrate by singing the hit Hebrew song "The Horse and Its Rider Hath He Thrown in the Sea" (Ex. 15:1), while Aaron's sister Miriam leads the women with tambourines (Ex. 15:20-21); after providing them with food, quail, and manna and instituting a Sabbath Law (Ex. Chs. 15-16), they finally make it to the Sinai wilderness in the 3rd month after the Exodus (Ex. 19:1-2); Moses goes to the top of Mt. Sinai (Horeb) in Midian for 40 days, and returns with two stone (blue sapphire?) tablets "written on by God's finger" containing the Ten Commandments (Words) (Decalogue), (Ex. 31:18, Deut. 4:13), but breaks them after seeing a group of backsliders singing in front of a golden calf made by his brother Aaron from gold jewelry donated by the backsliders, and he and the tribe of Levi kill all 3K of them (sparing Aaron), asking Jehovah to give the Jews another chance and let Moses make his own copy of the Ten Commandments, which he permits after passing by Moses but only allowing him to see his "back (parts) (side)" (Ex. 33:18-23, 34:1-6; Acts 7:38), causing Moses' face to emit rays so intense that the Jews can't bear to look at him (Ex. 34:29-35; 2 Cor. 3:7-13) (ass-kissing and brown-nosing jokes here?); meanwhile Moses begins compiling the books of Genesis and Exodus, and sprinkles the Book of the Covenant with blood and reads it to the people, who reply "All that Jehovah has spoken we are willing to do and be obedient" (Ex. 24:3-7, Heb. 9:19), founding the Jewish Religion (Judaism), with Moses' Ten Commandments giving Jews a way to beat the curse of Adam and gain eternal life if one never disobeys them, which it turns out all do, making it necessary for them to be perfected by Christianity - from now on, people can't break God's law, only break themselves on it? The Red Sea Crossing happened no later than -1400 because the Egyptian Eighteenth Dynasty is the only one that used both 4-spoke and 6-spoke chariot wheels, corresponding to coral formations on the floor of the Gulf of Aqaba at both ends of an undersea ridge that makes the gulf passable by foot if the water were removed? Trouble is, Moses might have been a mythical figure made up in the guess what century (6th cent. B.C.E.) by the Jews during their Babylonian Captivity (-597 to -538), but if you believe them he lived way before that, usually the 13th cent. B.C.E., back in the day of all-powerful pharaohs that only Jehovah and his annointed messiah Moses could have beaten, but after Akhenaten probably. Maybe the Jews stole monotheism from the Egyptians during their 400 years of making bricks for them in Goshen, check back after you do more historyscoping.
According to big brain Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), the Axial (Axis) Age was from 800 B.C.E. to 200 B.C.E., when "the great world traditions that have continued to nourish humanity came into being: Confucianism and Daoism in China; Hinduism and Buddhism in India; monotheism in Israel; and philosophical rationalism in Greece", and where "What mattered was not what you believed but how you behaved", and the concept of kenosis (Greek for emptying), "spirituality of self-surrender" was the goal.
About 800 B.C.E. the Paracas Culture in Peru begins (ends 100 C.E.); the auburn-haired nobility practices skull-binding, creating elongated skulls. They are forcefully supplanted by the Nazca (Nasca) Culture, which lasts until 800 C.E., and creates the Nazca Lines in 400-650 C.E. On Feb. 1, 2012 French-born Am. writer David Hatcher Childress (1957-) and Minn.-born marine biologist Brien Foerster pub. The Enigma of Cranial Deformation: Elongated Skulls of the Ancients, exploring why ancient Peruvians et al. used head-binding to create elongated skulls, suggesting that they tried to imitate ET ancestors.
Actually, all major religions of today seemed to spring up in the 6th century B.C.E., that is, from 599 B.C. to 500 B.C. If it's negative and starts with a five, it's a keeper.
First is Persia, with Zoroaster (-660 to -583), who received a revelation from Thirta in -588. He believed in monotheism, and it was all about Light versus Dark in Zoroastrianism. Trouble is, the religion didn't export well, although its ideas did. Today after all the other religions ran amok through his homeland, his followers are down to maybe enough to populate Boise, Idaho.
Coming in second (or third, depending on whether you believe their cover story) is China, with Lao-Tzu (Laozi) (-604 to -531), founder of Taoism (Daoism). He's another one that may have been backdated, this time from the 4th cent. B.C.E. to compete with Confucius.
India is next with a whole new major religion once you get too much sex with that Hinduism stuff and want to try self-denial. In -563 Indian sage Siddhartha (Sans. "he whose aim is accomplished") was born, starting life as Prince Fo of the Sakya tribe of the Gautama clan, then later getting enlightened while sitting under a special fig tree called the Bodhi (Bo) Tree near Patna, India, and becoming the Buddha (-563 to -483) (Sans. "awake", "enlightened"), seeing the folly of materialism and getting that big happy face because of the big fix of reincarnation, founding Buddhism. Buddhists venerate Guanyin (Quan Yin) ("observing the cries of the world"), the goddess of compassion, which bears resemblance to the Virgin Mary.
Next comes the second big Chinese religion founder Confucius (-551 to -479), who founded Confucianism, based on reverence of ancestors, an ideal religion for a country that is forever overpopulated with people with revolving names.
Just when the religions seemed to be settled, along came the Greeks and Romans, who just conquered everything in sight and foisted their unique pantheon of dog-eat-dog-gods topped by king god Jupiter on their subject peoples, causing many centuries of bad moments as everybody else had to adjust, finally copping out by worshipping the Roman emperor along with whatever else they were worshipping to get by. Too bad, just when the Romans empire seemed to be fated to rule the world forever with its tolerant accomodating views of religion, as long as you worship their secular ruler as a god, the pesky intolerant monomaniacal Jewish religion just had to be different, upsetting them with claims that a new Messiah would come and destroy all their enemies, causing them to wipe out the Jewish religious center of Jerusalem in 70 C.E., and be stupid enough to believe that Jews forget and don't get even. Voila, a kinky new religious development in the land of Moses arose and spelled their demise, although it took hundreds of years, a repackaged Moses called Jesus Christ, who definitely had a deal with Adam and the joke's going to be on them goy Romans.
The Babylonians and the ancient Jews mixed it up bigtime, forever confounding the Bible with the Occult, or maybe it was meant to be that way so that we all can finish the war in our own souls, stay tuned for Armageddon and check back with me. The First Temple Period ended around 586 B.C.E. when the Babylonians conquered Judah and Jerusalem, and laid waste to the big temple, taking the Jewish pop. with them as slaves and beginning the Babylonian Captivity (Exile). In July 592 B.C.E. Bible prophet Ezekiel was allegedly called by Jehovah to warn the pesky Jews to repent before it's too late, which they didn't, causing him to lower the boom in 587-6; Ezekiel left the Book of Ezekiel, ch. 1 of which describes a Heavenly Chariot/Throne, which sends true believers into tizzies ever after, incl. those who think it's really spaceships. In 538 B.C.E., after 50 years of Babylonian captivity, Persian king (-559 to -530) Cyrus II the Great (-600 to -530) invited the Jews to return to Judah to rebuild the Temple. Construction of the Jewish Second Temple was completed in 516 B.C.E., during the reign of Persian Achaemenid king #3 (-522 to -486) Darius I the Great (-550 to -486), 70 years after the destruction of the First Temple. Around 445 B.C.E. Persian king (-465 to -424) Artaxerxes I Longimanus ("whose reign is through truth") (known for having a right hand that was longer than the left) issued a decree allowing the city and the walls to be rebuilt, and Jerusalem resumed its role as capital of Judea and center of Jewish worship, albeit as a vassal state. When blonde-blue hung Macedonian super-warrior Alexander III the Great (-356 to -323) conquered the Persian Empire, Jerusalem and Judea came under Macedonian control, eventually falling to the Ptolemaic Dynasty under Alexander's general Ptolemy I Soter (-367 to -283). In 332 B.C.E. according to Jewish historian Josephus in his Antiquities 11.317-45, while conquering the Holy Land, swinging weenie Alexander the Great visited Jerusalem, and the Jewish elders freaked him out by reading to him from the Book of Daniel (Ch. 2) the prophesy about the statue with a head made of gold, chest and arms made of silver, belly of brass, legs of iron, and feet of iron mixed with clay, explaining that the head is Babylon, the breast and arms Medo-Persia, the brass belly and thighs Greece, and the iron legs Rome, meaning that he is the cock of the rock now but one day Rome will be, before or after which he had a dream about the Jewish god being right and sacrified to him, sparing the city from sacking although putting it under his control. Meanwhile after cooperating with Alexander (who thought Jerusalem was a no-value town run by stargazers?), the Samaritans built their Samaritan Temple to Jehovah on Mount Gerizim, when I say Hillshire you say farm, go meat. This event, if true, makes the theory that the Bible was all postdated and that its prophesies are backdated fall into dusty clay, hence modern-day Bible thumpers latch onto it to stand up for the reality of Jehovah, pointing to verse 44: "And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever." You got it, the kingdom of God will have its capital in Jerusalem. Alas, Alexander died in Babylon of malaria while planning a campaign to conquer the never-conquered pesky wildass Arabs, spoiling the greatest chance in history for the West to strangle Islam in its cradle, even if he didn't realize he was gay.
So getting back to the Babylonian Captivity, it was Jehovah's punishment for going after strange gods, and after they killed his prophet Isaiah, who uttered the holy soundbyte "The land will be completely laid waste and totally plundered, the Lord has spoken" (Isaiah 24:3), Jehovah sent in the Babylonians whether they knew they were his arm of flesh or not to wipe out his temple and take his people captive in order to cleanse the defiled land and let it lay fallow for 70 years, after which he sent Cyrus the Great, a monotheist Zoroastrian, to destroy the horrible polytheist Babylonians and set the Jews free, which is why Isaiah actually calls Cyrus the Messiah (Isaiah 45:1), meaning somebody anointed to do a mission for God, like the Blues Brothers. Later, when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 C.E., and destroyed the temple for a second time, Jehovah made it permanent, forever divorcing himself from the Jews, because this time they went too far and rejected the ultimate and final Messiah, his only begotten Son, and that was grounds for divorce. In Jehovah-think, the Babylonian Capitivity ended the era when the Jews ruled themselves, and began the Times of the Gentiles, which can only be ended by the restoration of Jewish rule over Jerusalem. Of course, the Christians think this can only happen when they accept Christ, while some Orthodox Jews such as Neturei Karta think that it will only happen when their real Messiah comes and kicks all their enemies' butts, and causes them to start loving them instead, which might be taking the Jehovah thing too far, since the Jews' right to Jerusalem and environs is historical with or without holy books, Jewish or Muslim. Jesus allegedly arrived at the end of the Seventy Weeks of Daniel, which is 70 x 7 = 490 years, guess when the Second Temple was begun give or take. The Jehovah's Witnesses cult has it all figured out to the year, claiming that the TOTG began in 607 B.C.E., and must last a Biblical year of weeks, a year being 360 days, and 7 times that being 2520 years. So, 607 + 2520 + 1 for the BC/CE divide = 1914 C.E, the start of WWI, which they claim began the Last Days when Satan was loosed on the Earth with furious anger to make his last stand, and everybody has their last chance to get right with God before the Big A, AKA Armageddon, now you know why you slammed the door in their faces last Saturday.
You might think this is all a fairy tale, but ever since no power on Earth can restore Jerusalem to the Jews, help them set up a kingdom again, rebuild the temple, or reestablish the Jewish priesthood which makes animal sacrifices to Jehovah to pay for the sins of the people, meaning that since 70 C.E. all Jews have died in their sins, while all Christians have had theirs forgiven by accepting his son Jesus Christ as their sacrifice, which the stiff-necked Jews absolutely positively refuse to do. Hence for Jerusalem to be controlled totally by the Jews again, not secular-atheist Zionists but real true blue religious Jews, and the temple to be rebuilt and sacrifices to be restored, would disprove Christianity and Jehovah both, here's a Rubik's Cube, go figure it out and prove you're the world's greatest genius.
About 400 B.C.E. 60-y.-o. Hippocrates of Cos (-460 to -377) of the island of Cos in Greece becomes the first person to enter the profession of medicine, teaching that diseases have natural causes, and theorizing that mental disorders may be caused by physiological abnormalities; Aristotle later calls him the "great physician"; "Primum non nocere" ("The first rule is do no harm"); he determines that the male contribution to a child's heredity is carried in the semen - matriarchial religions are f-ed? He leaves the Hypocritical Kevorkian, er, Hippocratic Oath (attributed to him later?): "I swear by Apollo, the physician, by Aesculapius, by Hygieia, Panacea, and all the gods and goddesses... The regimen I adopt shall be for the benefit of my patients according to my ability and judgment, and not for their hurt or for any wrong. I will give no deadly drug to any, though it be asked of me, nor will I counsel such, and especially I will not aid a woman to procure abortion..." He also writes Aphorisms; "Life is short, and Art is long" (Vita breva, Ars longa) - is there a doctor in the Acropolis? He leaves the soundbyte "Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food."
In 394 B.C.E. Greek physician Erasistratus (-304 to -250) diagnoses Seleucis I Nicator's eldest son Antiochus I Soter as lovesickness, and when asked who it is, he claims it's his own wife, causing Seleucus I to pontificate that he should give her up, whereupon he reveals that it's really his own hot new queen Stratonice, causing Seleucus I to give her up; Erasistratus goes on to co-found the Medical School of Alexandria with Herophilus (-335 to -280); after doing the first dissections (vivisections)? Erasistratus studies the brain, distinguishing between the cerebrum and cerebellum; Herophilus studies the nervous system, distinguishing between sensory and motor nerves; Herophilus calls the pineal gland a "sphincter which regulates the flow of thought".
About 360 B.C.E. big brain Greek philosopher Plato (-427 to -327) writes the dialogues Timaeus and Critias, which talk about the lost island of Atlantis, which he allegedly learned about from his ancestor, Greek sage Solon (-638 to -538), who claimed to learn about it from Egyptian priests, claiming it existed about 9.6K B.C.E.
In 322 B.C.E. big brain Greek philosopher Aristotle (Gr. "best of all") of Stagira (-384 to -322) dies, leaving Metaphysics, about existence, causation, form, matter, mathematical objects, and God the Prime Mover, it will either make you or break you, good luck; he also left De Anima (On the Soul).
In the 3rd cent. B.C.E. the Book of Enoch begins to be composed (until 1 B.C.E.), incl. the Book of the Watchers (chs. 1-36), about the fall of the Watcher Angels, who fathered the Nephilim, the Book of Parables of Enoch (chs. 37-71), the Astronomical Book (Book of Heavenly Luminaries) (chs. 72-82), the Book of Dream Visions (chs. 83-90), and the Epistle of Enoch (chs. 91-108).
In the 2nd cent. B.C.E. the Essenes sect of Second Temple Judaism flourishes in Judea as the alternative to the Pharisees and Sadducees, devoting themselves to asceticism. In 1947 C.E. the 11 Dead Sea Scrolls are discovered by 15-y.-o. Bedouin shepherd Muhammad adh-Dhib (George Herbert's Muad-dib?) in a cave above Qumran at the NW edge of the Dead Sea (caves 1Q and 3Q on the Qumran Waddy near ancient Khirbet, Palestine); the Syrian Orthodox Monastery of St. Mark in Jerusalem buys five of them in 1948, and the Hebrew U. of Jerusalem buys the other six; 972 texts are discovered by 1956; Dr. John C. Trever (1916-2006) of the Am. School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem discovers the oldest known copy of the Book of Isaiah (100 B.C.E.) among them, 1.4K years older than the next oldest in existence (1300 C.E.), and Dr. William Albright of John Hopkins U. calls it "the greatest manuscript discovery of modern times".
In the 2nd cent. B.C.E. Indian guru Patanjali flourishes, compiling the 196 Yoga Sutras, the foundational work of classical (Kundalini?) Yoga. Also in the 2nd cent. B.C.E. the 700-verse Sanskrit Bhagavad Gita (Sans. "Song of the Adorable One") is written, becoming the 6th part of the "Mahabharata"; master archer Arjuna (Sans. "silver, shining") is persuaded by charioteer Lord Krishna to take part in the war between the Pandavas and Kauravas, and kills his unknown brother Karna of the Kauravas.
In 1 C.E. (200 B.C.E.?) the Age of Aries (begun -2150) ends, and the Age of Pisces (Age of Deception) begins (ends by 2000, Dec. 12, 2012, or 2150?).
Sorry, historyscopers, but it all began in the murky years 30-40 C.E., where --it happens in the Roman province of Judea; nobody knows for sure, and it depends on whom you want to believe; a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma, the greatest coverup in history; the Great Track of Time enters not only a Dark Alley but a Black Hole, becoming an endless source of powerful fiction claiming to be fact, with the dividing line very hazy until centuries later, oh my gosh, I smell an Emmy.
Way back when, nobody knows, a bunch of Roman pagans got infected with monotheism, and the most bookish kind, Judaism, and despite the Jews claiming to be the Chosen People, with pagans not invited, they managed to morph exclusivist Judaism into a new one-size-fits-all version by literally twisting the Jewish Bible inside out and claiming to discover that it was there all along, but needed a prophet to reveal it to them, whose life only they can tell us about, since nobody but believers documented it, a strange wonderful brew of historical facts and unverifiable miracles.
The net result was a new religion called Christinsanity, er, Christianity, whose Aramaic-speaking Jewish founder Jesus Christ (-4 to 33) left no writings, works of art, statues, buildings, swords, armor, bling, portraits, descendants, or even newspaper accounts, worse, no body, because he was allegedly resurrected from the dead by God on Easter, visiting his believers for 40 days before being translated to Heaven, and now sits at God's right hand waiting to return and judge the world and everybody who ever lived, leaving it to his 12 Apostles to spread the word that he wasn't just a man but the Son of God, whatever that means, most followers apparently taking him for God himself, despite the intractable philosophical difficulties that rocked the Church for centuries.
Okay, he is God, who loved the world so much he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him won't perish but have eternal life (John 3:16), that is, as a man Jesus came to try to tell people that one day God will end the world, and as God he himself will judge everybody who ever lived, giving them either eternal death slash punishment, or eternal life slash joy, all based on whether they ever sinned. Of course, everybody Jesus met already was covered in sin and deserved eternal death, but he promised them that if they truly repented their sins, died to the world and its sins and got born again as a child of God, then got baptized to symbolize their transformation, and sinned no more, when the Day of Judgment came he would suspend their sentence for their prior sins and admit them to eternal life, else he wouldn't, case closed, next case (1 John Ch. 3). As he went preaching, his number one message was sin no more, sin no more, read my lips, sin no more (John 5:14, 8:11).
So the original message was very direct and simple: repent your sins, and sin no more, and run the good race hoping for the crown of eternal life, no matter how much the Devil tempts you to sin or the world persecutes you, lions in the arena, no problemo. Oh yes, you get sent the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost, which will put a shield around you so that the Devil can never make you sin, only tempt you, yes, you can go your while life without lying, coveting, committing adultery even with the eyes, and following after other gods, every possible sin worthy of death is covered in the Ten Commandments, one part of the Bible that's pure legalese and easy to translate. But you'll have to give up the world and its lures, because one day God will burn up the world and all its works (2 Peter 3:10), including history itself, and create a new heavens and a new earth, where only the worthy may reside (Is. 65:17).
Too bad, to become a Christian ("little Christ") and live with Christ forever in his Kingdom of Heaven, believers must take everything about him on faith, with authoritative materials provided for them in the Hebrew-Aramaic Old Testament, and the Greek New Testament, consisting of the Four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) and the Acts of the Apostles, and no theology other than that in the Epistles of Paul, Epistles of Peter, Epistle of James, Epistle of Jude, and Epistles of John, with the way the world will end provided in the Book of Revelation, never mind if it's totally incomprehensible. According to the New Testament, there's no need to study theology and wow Judge Christ by passing a final exam, because all you need to do is sincerely repent your sins (as defined by the Ten Commandments) and quit sinning, keep it simple stupid. But it's also bad, since it's all too easy to take Christ as a fable that was created just to support a fat and wealthy clergy class, it's doesn't take a Karl Marx. In practice, there were soon many backsliders who fell away and went back to a life of sin, and apostates who denied their faith under persecution, and the Bible was quick to tell them that if they blasphemed the Holy Spirit that was sent them when they got baptized and which protected them so that the Devil could never make them sin, and began sinning again, making them into children of the Devil, there would be no chance for a second repentance, because that would be to ask Christ to be crucified a second time, putting him to "open shame" (Mk. 3:29, Heb. 6:4-6).
This all pushed believers' hot buttons in the first century, the second century, even the third, but eventually the Church developed a hierarchy, and the bishops at the top got to thinking that maybe Christ would never come back to judge the world because he was indeed a beautiful fable just designed to give them a good living off the baptized suckers, and began modifying the original formula into what's been common ever since, namely, the Devil's Religion: just join the church, let it save and baptize you, then keep paying it tithes, and you can go on sinning all your life because you are "saved" and have a pass. Of course, the Devil wants all his worshipers to believe they are saved FROM the Last Day and the Judgment Seat, and get instant transportation straight to paradise, and if you're aren't ready yet to worship him in all his evil Satanic glory, he can easily appear as an angel of light to make you feel good about it (2 Cor. 11:14), ask Muhammad and Joseph Smith, or any pope.
Sorry, but the whole point of the New Testament was to show that Christ came the first time as a savior, but will come a second time as a judge, and his forgiveness is dependent on conditions, namely, repent of your sins and sin no more, it's like a bankruptcy that gives you a clean start, you can only do it once, what do you think the judge has on his forehead, the word Dumbass. If it's not a fable then you have a summons and court date, and when you face Judge Christ naked and alone clothed with sin, sorry, he already walked a mile in your shoes and lived a far more difficult life without sinning, so he will tell you to go with your father the Devil to the Lake of Fire, where you will suffer eternally in the knowledge of being cut off from God forever. Your precious world you sold out to is burned up, there isn't even any air to breathe or ground to walk on, much less pot to piss in, and Christ's court is the ultimate Supreme Court, because he is God himself, and it'll all be done in the twinkling of an eye and there is no appeal and instant satisfaction of judgment by his bailiffs the angels, it's a Roman type court where the judge is prosecutor and defense attorney at the same time, you get perfect due process, fuck the ACLU it went to you know where.
That's the beautiful story, fable or fact, we can't know until the Last Day, if there is one. The reality of the Roman Catholic Church, of course, as we shall see, was that it was taken over by the Devil, who twisted it all to the nth degree, making the bishop of Rome the pope, who has the keys of Heaven and Hell in his hands, and can alone save you as long as you kiss his hand and other body parts, voila, the Church of the Devil that has attempted to rule the world forever. To make up for the fact that you never stop sinning, they developed the Mass where Christ is crucified for you fresh, and you eat his body and drink his blood to order like a fast food meal. One of the first big signs of its corruption was their readmittance of apostates after each persecution ended, apostates who pay their tithes that is, that's why they call it the Catholic Church, Catholic means everybody is in, as well as all their sins, they're all in, along with all their filthy lucre, bwahaha, the Devil is insuring that when the real Day of Judgment arrives nobody will be saved because Christ will decide they're all his children not sons of God. Of course the Church bet on Christ never coming back, and it's been 20 centuries, no wonder it is the richest and most corrupt outfit in the world, thanks for the memories. As for the Protestants, they started by breaking off from the Church when its corruption went over the top, but they all kept the Devil's religion of claiming their churches save people, and/or that they can go on sinning and remain saved as long as they pay their tithes, in other words, they serve Mammon rather than God and are all sellouts (Mt. 6:24). The Bible says you can be born again, but it doesn't allow you to go around saying you've been saved, since only at the Last Day will Judge Christ decide that, thus by going around claiming you're saved you're sinning by lying and taking the Lord's name in vain, and insuring you won't be, pass the popcorn.
All along, there are many intriguing and/or disturbing passages in the New Testament hinting at Esoteric Christianity, a higher truth that only the initiated can understand. No wonder that the Roman Catholic Church ousted the pesky Gnostics early on. Too bad, the New Testament condemns them all: "For false Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, even the elect. But take ye heed: behold, I have foretold you all things." (Mark 13:22-23)
Around 100 C.E. St. John the Evangelist (1-100) was the last of Jesus' two times six equals Twelve Apostles to die after allegedly being given the Book of Revelation (Apocalypse) by an angel sent by Christ personally in the Holy Grotto of Patmos off the SW coast of Asia Minor (Turkey), foretelling the End of Days when Christ will return and destroy all of Satan's wicked minions in the Battle of Armageddon, and revealing in Rev. 13:16-18 that the Antichrist AKA the Beast will have the number 666 encoded in his name, and will fool many by posing as a prince of peace. The sign of Antichrist is given in 1 John 2:22: "Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is Antichrist that denieth the Father and the Son", the smell of gasoline and the rough roads. Too bad, the multitudes decided that it would be in a year ending in 66 or some multiple of 66 or 666 that either Christ would return to end the old world of Satan and begin his reign, or his archenemy the Antichrist would either be born or start his rise, bringing Christ to save the world, causing the phenomenon of Millennium Fever (MF) after too many of these false alarms caused the biggest hopes to be placed on the year 1000, after which they switched to 1000 plus permutations of 6, 66, and 666, even using month #6 June as one of the magic keys to the big date, even though it said name not date, and some ancient manuscripts have 616 not 666, which not coincidentally is all the Roman numerals in order MDCLXVI, oops, no M, that's reserved for the real Messiah. Call it a coincidence, but the Arabic Bismillah symbol for "In the name of Allah" (the one they put on headbands before going on jihad), consisting of the two letters A and La, plus crossed swords looks a lot like the Greek letters for 666 = Chi (600) + Xi (60) + Stigma (6), so maybe Rev. 13:18 was saying: "Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding reckon the multitude of the Beast: for it is the multitude of a man; and his multitude is 'In the name of Allah'".
Back to the non-papal Christian Church founders. St. John's disciple St. Polycarp (69-155) of Smyrna (Izmir), Turkey was also a key figure, followed by St. Justin the Martyr (100-165), then his pupil Tatian the Assyrian (120-180), who wrote the Diatessaron, a harmony of the One and Only Four Canonical Gospels, long before Evil Roman Emperor (306-37) Constantine (Gr. "steadfast") I (the Great) (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantius) (271-337) allegedly suppressed the "real" gnostic gospels and made them the ones, sorry Dan Brown. Tatian was the first to declare that God created matter by the power of the Logos, with the soundbyte "The Logos, begotten in the beginning, begat in turn our world, having first created for himself the necessary matter." Next we might mention St. Irenaeus (125-203) of Gaul (France), North African Berber Tertullian (160-220) (who coined the term "Trinity"), Origen (182-253) of Alexandria, Egypt, Eusebius of Caesarea (264-340), and later St. Ambrose of Milan (337-97), North African Berber St. Augustine of Hippo (354-430), and St. Jerome (347-420) of Pannonia (Hungary).
In 117-138 Gnostic teacher Basilides of Alexandria flourishes, writing his own gospel, and teaching about the mystical Abraxas (Abrasax), ruler of the 365 heavens, and the Pleroma, the totality of divine powers.
In 135 C.E. Jewish Rabbi Akiba (Akiva) ben Joseph (50-135) (founder of Rabbinical Judaism) dies, leaving Sepher Yetzirah (Yasirah) (Book of Creation or Formation), which goes with the Sepher ha-Zohar (Hazzohar) (Book of Splendor or Brightness) (Dan. 12:3) of his contemporary Simeon bar Jochai (AKA Rashbi and Rabbi Shimon), and teaches the mystical pantheistic Qabala (Qabbala) (Kabbala) (Kabbalah) (Cabala) (Cabbala) (Heb. "to receive, welcome"), in which there is no Creation, and Nature is due to the self-development of Adam Kadmon (first or ideal man), who is the absolute being God, who created the Universe via the 10 Sefiroth (numbers or principles), incl. the Spirit of God, the emanations of air, water, and fire, three spatial dimensions to the left, and three to the right; the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet determine the forms through which Creation can be understood by the human mind; its mystical numerology intrigues and undermines mystics, philosophers, and scientists until ? - man does not live by bread alone but by every word of whom?
In the 2nd cent. C.E. the Corpus Hermeticum ancient Greek-Egyptian wisdom texts are redacted in the form of dialogues with Hermes Trismegistus ("Thrice-Greatest"), launching Hermeticism in the West, with a basic belief in the Four Elements of the Universe, and the Seven Intermediary Planetary Spirits created by God to govern destiny; in ancient times the god Hermes was worshipped in the form of a square pillar with a head and beard, and the Caduceus was his symbol; "Seeing within myself an immaterial vision that came from the mercy of God, I went out of myself into an immortal body, and now I am not what I was before. I have been born in mind!"; "The severe schools shall never laugh me out of the philosophy of Hermes, that this visible world is but a portrait of the invisible" (Thomas Browne). In 1460 after being sent by Cosimo de'Medici of Florence to scour Euro monasteries in the Byzantine Empire for lost ancient mss., monk Leonardo da Pistoia (Leonaro Alberti de Candi) finds the 2nd cent. Corpus Hermeticum, and gives it to Marsilio Ficino (1433-99) to be translated, reintroducing Hermeticism to the West. Italian philosopher-poet Ludovico Lazzarelli (1447-1500) also trans. the Corpus Hermeticum, enlarging on Ficino's.
In the 2nd-3rd cents. C.E. Gnostic writings flood the scene, incl. the Gospel of Thomas (alleged sayings of Jesus, which are later trans. to Coptic and buried c. 340 near Nag Hammadi, Egypt), Apocalypse of Baruch, Second Epistle of Clement, Epistle of the Apostles, The Gospel of Mary, The Gospel of Philip ("And the companion of the Saviour is Mary Magdalene. Christ loved her more than all the disciples and used to kiss her often on her mouth"), The Ophite Diagrams, The Dialogue of the Savior, The Apocryphon of John, Trimorphic Protennoia, A Valentinian Exposition, The Apocryphon of James, and The Epistle of Mathetes to Diognetus; Papyrus 46, the earliest ms. of the Greek New Testament to survive to modern times incl. most of St. Paul's epistles dates to about this time (175-225).
In the 3rd cent. C.E. Israeli Jews begin cranking out Merkabah (Merkavah) (Chariot) Mysticism lit., based on visions of Ezekiel's Chariot/Throne, which they believe allow the soul to travel to higher dimensions.
In 321 Archbishop Alexander of Alexandria convenes a council which condemns and excommunicates his bishop Arius, who takes refuge with Arian bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia (-341), a distant relation of Constantine I the Great, who had used his connections to get his promotions to bishop of Berytus (Beirut), Nicomedia, and later (338) Constantinople; Pope Silvester, who allegedly cured him of leprosy gets Constantine I to make Sunday, the day of the Sun god Sol Invictus (official symbol the cross) the official Christian sabbath, exempted from being judicial, with its observance made a legal duty, becoming the first big step toward making Christianity the Hoover Vacuum Cleaner of the Roman Empire, absorbing all other pagan religions to get everybody to join and thus become "catholic" (Gr. "universal"); meanwhile pesky Bible-thumpers quote the Bible as proclaiming Saturday as the sabbath, but learned Catholics reply that Christ's resurrection changes it forever for Christians.
We come to the big year 325, the Tribus Unum (From Three, One) Year, which starts off with a shoe-banging Khrushchev type at the Catholic U.N. General Assembly, and turns into the biggest year in the history of Church doctrine. After trying in vain to get the warring parties to rise above their bitter Athanasius-Arius Controversy over the pre-existence of Christ and the Trinity (ultimately a theological dispute over homoousion vs. heterousion) (a purely Greek thang, which the Latins yawned off?) (an attempt to define levels in the godhead, a partial return to paganism?) (a mainly Egyptian thang, which softened Egypt up for Islam?) by citing the example of the wise Greek philosophers in a Letter to the Catholic Hotheads, Roman Emperor Constantine I, with the official title of pontifex maximus (maximum bridge-builder for the people to God and therefore equal to the apostles, giving him the right) convokes the first ecumenical (universal) (authority second only to Scripture) Nicene Council (Council of Nicaea) in Nicaea (modern-day Iznik) in Bithynia (NW Asia across the Bosporus Straits from his under-construction city of New Rome AKA Constantinople), with the #1 goal of establishing the authority of bishops (as long as they are on the govt. dole and call the emperor boss?), presided over by his favorite (pro-Trinity) bishop Osius of Cordova in Spain to decide the issue, with the Trinity side championed by archdeacon Athanasius (296-373) of Alexandria, and the anti-Trinity side by way older and higher-ranking presbyter Arius (250-336) of Alexandria, and Eusebius of Nicomedia (-341); James of Nisibis and a bishop from Persia attend; only about one-third (318) of the episcopoi (bishops) in the Roman Empire show up, with the attendants and servants beefing up the assembly to 1.5K-2K, which is conducted in Greek and presided over by the emperor, complete with his Roman bodyguard (although he is not a baptized Christian yet); the Church only sends seven official delegates, incl. two presbyters representing the bishop of Rome (pope); the debate goes on for two mo., with Arius uttering the immortal soundbyte "The Son of God was a creature, made from nothing; there was a time when he had no existence; he was capable of his own free will of right and wrong; were he in the truest sense a son, he must have come after the Father, therefore the time obviously was when he was not, and hence he was a finite being", causing many to stick their fingers in their ears and run out, while St. Nicholas of Myra (270-346) hits him in the kisser; Eustathius the Great of Antioch (270-360) gives a great anti-Arian speech; finally Osius gets big-fish-in-a-small-pond layman (still really pagan and faking it?) Constantine in a back room and talks him into backing the T-side, and Der Fuhrer publicly announces that the bishops are free to vote any way their conscience dictates, only face deposition and exile to the butthole of the empire if they vote Arian; no surprise, Arius and his "Ariomanites" (Arians) are condemned by a 316-2 vote, which incl. 15 flip-flopping Arians, and 100+ Semi-Arians (who believe in a "similar" substance, homoiousion, and slide by for the time being under the don't-ask-don't tell policy?); there is actually no official vote, only a document called the Nicene Creed, the first official test of Christian orthodoxy, which makes the Trinity (Consubstantialism) (Homoousion) an official article of faith for good Roman Catholics, and which all bishops must sign or else pack their toothbrush and lose their official govt. position and income and face exile; as there is no Holy Inquisition, Arians aren't burned at the stake but allowed to run loose making converts, incl. Constantine's son and future emperor Constantius II, further fragmenting into 18 different flavors; for not signing the Nicene Creed, Arius and Eusebius of Nicomedia are exiled to a remote province of Illyricum (Illyria), and labeled as Porphyrians, their writings burned, and a death penalty proclaimed for possessing them; meanwhile Constantine's favorite sister secretly supports the Arians and works on his mind, eventually turning him into an Arian; after the council ends, Constantine issues a Letter to the Churches, declaring that all churches are to observe Easter as well as the sabbath on his pet pagan Sunday; the Quartodecimans (14th Day Christians) (observing Easter on the Jewish Passover of Nisan 14, citing Leviticus 23:5) are declared heretical, and their numbers begin to decline; the Council pub. the soundbyte: "For it is unbecoming beyond measure that on this holiest of festivals we should follow the customs of the Jews. Henceforth let us have nothing in common with this odious people... We ought not, therefore, to have anything in common with the Jews... We desire our dearest brethren to separate ourselves from the detestable company of the Jews. How, then, could we follow these Jews, who are almost certainly blinded?"; Canon 17 of the council forbids the clergy from engaging in usury, defined as charging interest higher than 1% per mo; the Nicene Council causes the Paulicians to flee to Armenia in the Taurus Mts., where they practice beliefs resembling primitive 1st cent. Jewish Christianity, rejecting many Catholic dogmas, incl. worship of the cross, the Virgin Mary, the Mass, and confession (the first Protestants?); the pagan majority reacts by staging a pagan revival, with the aristocracy going back to the old prude morality of the Roman Repub., and becoming more monotheistic and mystical, meaning that there is going to be one hell of a civil war to see who takes it all?
Bottom line is Christ must be a god not a man, else how will them fickle polytheist pagans give up all their gods for him, but he can't be just a god, else they might just add him to their list and stay pagan, so he must be the one and only God so that they'll join their Sole Buyer's Club, but at the same time he was a man who worshiped God, get me some headache pills? In practice since Christ the man suffered and died for his faith, the Church has thrived by giving everyone the chance to do ditto, the word Christian means little Christ, no more sacrificing animals to Jehovah or children to Baal, Christ is the only acceptable sacrifice to God, never mind the side issue of whether it was a one-time-for-all thing, or believers must resacrifice him regularly via the Eucharist, or go for the brass ring of self-sacrifice AKA martyrdom, which takes a persecutor since suicide is a sin? Now that the Church is legit, it's no surprise that they immediately urge the emperor to persecute each other? Too bad, they too-eagerly accomodate the ex-pagans' need to worship a multitude of gods by creating a multitude of saints, incl. some recycled pagan gods, creating a dangerous extra layer, not to mention the special case of the Virgin Mary, ask me for a lecture sometime?
In 327 Eusebius of Nicomedia writes to Constantine I asking him to let him and Arius return from exile, and unbaptized-but-Arian-leaning Constantine I allows it, making Eusebius his chief spiritual advisor, learning how to be a good Arian.
Lucy and Ricky ditch run-down New York for bright sunny L.A.? On May 11, 330 after using the spoils from pagan temples in Greece and Asia to pay for it, the new improved city of Byzantium commanding the strategic Bosporus Straits, renamed New Rome is formally dedicated by Roman Emperor Constantine I as a new Rome 800 mi. E of the old Rome; it becomes known as Constantinople (Constantine's town), and becomes the foundation of the busy-bee Byzantine Empire, which lasts 1123 years (until 1453); the city's longtime crescent symbol, of Diana, goddess of the hunt (Hecate, goddess of the crossroads?) is kept, with the star symbol added; the myth that Constantine I Da Great was divinely appointed by God to found the city causes it to develop a mythical aura which is later used to scare off invaders, and it is usually referred to as Great City (megalopolis), Queen City (basileuousa), or simply The City (polis); located at the crossroads of the trade routes between Europe and Asia at the hub of the great eastern trade centers of Ephesus, Antioch and Alexandria, it is within striking distance of the Danube and the eastern front, and close to the Balkans where the finest soldiers come from, plus it's at the entrance to the Bosphorus on a point of land jutting out from Europe separating the Sea of Marmora on the W from the long natural Golden Horn harbor on the east, which is a natural defense point; after finally being conquered by the Muslims in 1453, it is later (1930) renamed Istanbul (Gr. "eis ten polin" = "into the city"); Constantine I imports a mob of the "Roman people" (proletariat) to give the city a Roman flavor, and founds a new Roman govt. in Constantinople complete with a Roman-style Senate (although both are limited to governing the city) and two annual consuls, and lures leading Roman citizens to move in by offering them exact reproductions of their homes and palaces; to attract the hoi poloi he begins offering free circuses and 80K loaves of bread a day, which backfires as Constantinople becomes a Greek rather than Latin city by the 6th cent.; he issues the new gold solidus coin, which reestablishes monetary stability and remains the standard coinage of the Eastern Empire until 1070; there are 72 coins per lb. of gold, compared to 60 in Diocletia's aureus; intending New Rome to be the Christian capital of the world, binding people of all nationalities with a common religion, Constantine I orders the building of the finest churches ever, incl. the Church of Holy Wisdom (Hagia Sophia), Church of the Holy Apostles (Imperial Polyandreion), and the Church of the Holy Peace (Hagia Irene or Eirene); he gives the bishop of Byzantium the title of patriarch; a few large pagan temples are closed, and the others are looted for gold; he allegedly prohibits the making of sacrifices to "false gods", and makes Latin the official language of the city; he loots Greece and Asia Minor for art treasures and places them about the city, turning it into a giant museum, incl. 400 statues in front of the Hagia Sophia; he orders libraries built and filled with Greek mss. (not that anybody reads them if they're by pagans?); the churches in the East lose their independence and come under state control; the armies of the empire are restationed so as to protect the new capital and the E borders, leaving the West and its old capital poorly defended, which dooms it in the coming cent.; meanwhile the new idea of the emperor as God's vicar on Earth complete with divine attributes was born, becoming the #1 theme of European politics until the 12th cent.
Meanwhile in 326 after most Christian documents were destroyed in the 303 Diocletian Persecution, Constantine I orders orders confiscation and destruction of all works challenging Christian orthodoxy, incl. pagan works referring to Jesus, and orders a fixed income to be allocated to the Church, and installs the bishop of Rome in the Lateran Palace. In 331 he orders new copies of the Bible created, allowing his bishops to edit them according to his wishes, making Jesus into a god and the Roman Empire into his true kingdom?; of 5K early mss. of the New Testament, none predate this event?
I went sky-diving, how do you like me now? In 335 Constantine I the Great, who flopped and became an Arian gets his brother Dalmatius, censor of Antioch to convene the First Synod of Tyre, presided over by Eusebius of Caesarea (264-340), and attended by Athanasius with 48 Egyptian bishops, with the bishops not allowed to leave to consecrate the new Church of the Resurrection containing the Sepulchre of Christ in nearby Jerusalem until they earn it by reversing the 325 Nicene Council and approving Arianism; after doing that, they deposed and exiled Athanasius on trumped-up charges of breaking a chalice in a church in Maraeotis, whipping or imprisoning six bishops, and murdering a 7th, Arsenius, even though Athanasius claimed that the church doesn't exist, and produced Arsenius alive at the synod, which got him cleared of those charges, but then backfired as a charge of threatening to cut off the grain supply from Egypt to Constantinople was not thrown out; Athanasius then boldly went to Constantinople and confronted the emperor as he passed on his horse in the street, causing him to reconsider and let him go to Gaul to the court of Treves (Trier) for the next 28 mo. until the emperor died, while refusing to fill his vacant seat in Alexandria; Arianism now had the upper hand in the Roman Empire, pass the martyr applications.
In 336 Constantine I orders Anathasius to reconcile Arius with the Church and orders him readmitted to communion in the cathedral of Constantinople, but on the day set for his triumph, Arius (b. 250) dies after "his bowels suddenly burst out" in a privy (poisoned by the Athanasians or an act of God?) - one spoonful's all it takes?
In 337 Christian backer Constantine I the Great dies a heretic 13th apostle, and his sons go three separate ways, with the Arian one eventually knocking off the other two, putting Arians in power for a couple of critical decades, and giving the fledgling Athanasian Christian Roman Empire a lot of difficulty with potty training but toughening it up?
By the 5th cent. C.E. the Tantra style of religious ritual and meditation arises in India; "Tantra is that Asian body of beliefs and practices which, working from the principle that the universe we experience is nothing other than the concrete manifestation of the divine energy of the godhead that creates and maintains that universe, seeks to ritually appropriate and channel that energy, within the human microcosm, in creative and emancipatory ways." (David Gordon White)
On June 8, 632 illiterate polygamous Arab warlord and self-appointed final prophet of the god Allah Muhammad (570-632) died after spending 20 years conquering and converting the pagan tribes of the Arabian Peninsula, leaving no male heir, eventually causing a succession dispute that led to a permanent schism between Sunnis and Shiites, but immediately causing the Great Jihad to be launched to convert the world to his new religion of Islam, starting with religious cleansing of the Christians and Jews in the Arabian Peninsula and surprise military attacks on the Christian Byzantine Empire and Zoroastrian Persian Empire, with the goal of permanent takeover followed by conversion of the populace, a complete absorption of the land and people like the Borgs in Star Trek, it's the Religion of Peace after you surrender and accept their peace terms. The offensive caught them all by surprise, and was extremely successful, allowing the Arabs to conquer Persia and put a big dent in the Byzantine Empire, incl. conquering the Christian-Jewish Holy Land and Egypt, followed by N Africa, and Roman Catholic Spain starting in 711. The popes were initially totally ignorant of Muhammad and his strange militaristic religion that forced believers to prostrate themselves in a mosque-fort 5x a day, and thought of him as a Christian heretic, but after they absorbed the horrible Quran enough to realize that Allah considers them the heretics or infidels who don't deserve to have any political power but wants Muslims to rule the world, with all options on the table and Paradise promised to martyrs, they believed him to be the long-feared Antichrist, with Christian historians trying to twist his birth or death date to 666, as if that mattered. For the next thousand years the Great Jihad continued to pound on Christendom, killing or enslaving tens of millions until it was stopped in 1683 in Vienna, and the Muslim World put into de facto quarantine as a criminal enterprise until the mid-late 20th cent., by which time the Church was becoming irrelevant to the post-religion New World Order jet set, and ill-considered mass immigration from the backward Muslim World to the West began, who knows how much blood will flow because of high-placed history ignoramuses.
Isn't learning fun? No dark shiite alis for me, I want it sunni? On July 17, 656 after the Mushaf of Othman, the Official Text of the Quran (which was previously preserved on scraps of "date leaves, [camel] bones, stone, and the breasts of men") is established on his orders, ordering all other copies of the Quran burned, 80-y.-o. Caliph Othman (b. 574) is stoned in the streets of Medina by a mob of rebel Muslim forces from Egypt (who are pissed off by low pay and prestige despite being early converts, and by Othman's appointment of members of his own Umayya clan to top admin. posts), driven to his house, and assassinated while reading it, causing the Arab world to go into turmoil for five years, giving the Byzantines a rest; at first Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law and adopted son and closest male relative Ali ibn Abi Talib (599-61) (born in Mecca to Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib and Fatima bint Asad, and raised in Abu Talib's house alongside Muhammad, who became the husband of Muhammad's daughter Fatima Zahra, and father of Hasan and Hussayn or Hussein) becomes cmdr. of the faithful, and last of the Four Righteous Caliphs, with capital in Kufa, Iraq, stressing the equality of all Muslims and the role of the caliph as imam (spiritual leader), and disapproving of the degenerate game of chess for Muslims; the Sunni-Shite Split begins with a dispute over the caliphate, with Shiites claiming that Ali was Muhammad's choice all along, and that the preceding caliphs perverted the True Faith, yadda yadda yadda, so that ever after only Ali's descendants are accepted by them as imams and caliphs, turning Islam into a family branch thang; Muawiya (Arab. "strong of arm?") I (602-80), Mecca-born former secy. of Prophet Muhammad and gen. of Abu-Bakr vies unsuccessfully for the caliphate then settles for becoming gov. of Egypt and Syria (until 661); too bad, when Ali fails to punish Othman's murderers, another split happens, the anti-Ali party being called the Joe Foreman, er, Kharijites (Kharijis) (Khawarij) ("deserters"), who end up splitting into Fifteen Sects, incl. the Azariqa, who murder Muslim women and children for imperfectly practicing the faith, while the pro-Ali party splits into the Shiites (Shi'ites) (Arab. "Shi'ah" = "followers [of Ali]"), who reject the first three caliphs, don't accept the Sunna (non-Quranic sayings and doings of Muhammad, taken as gospel) as authoritative, and claim Ali as the first true imam ("leader", "guide"), and the Sunnis, who accept all four, and love the Sunna as well as the Quran (sounds like they beat the Catholics and Protestants?), and on Dec. 4 the First Muslim Civil War (Fitna) (ends 661) begins with the Battle of the Camel outside Basra, Iraq, where the forces of Fourth and Final Rightly Guided Caliph Ali defeat the triad of Muhammad's widow A'isha (Ayesha) (who leads a camel charge), and his former male companions al-Zubayr and Talha (after they split with him for failing to punish Othman's murderers), supported by the Quraysh of Medina (who feel threatened by Ali's embracing of the Ansar or Medinan converts); al-Zubayr and Talha are killed; A'isha is captured, and retires from politics; but even more split happens in Muslimland? the Shiites later split between those who believe that caliphs must be descended through Ali's wife (Muhammad's daughter) Fatima, and those who accept any descendant, and then further split among those who believe that Ali is an incarnation of God, and even further among those who believe that he will be reincarnated as the 12th imam or Mahdi, the Muslim Messiah who will establish the Millennium (Muslim Millennium Fever); over the never several cents. the two groups diverge in their practices: Sunnis pray with their arms folded below the rib cage, Shiites with their arms straight down at the sides; Sunni mosques tend to have domes and minarets and prohibit all images, Shiite mosques tend to have portraits of Ali and/or Hussein; Sunni clerics usually wear white headgear, Shiite clerics are more elaborately attired and also have black or green headgear; Sunni homes like to display quotes from the Quran, and fly white flags after returning from Mecca; Shiite homes like to display images of Ali and fly colorful flags from their roofs during every important religious occasion; in modern times Shiites hang Aleks (strips of green cloth) from their rearview mirrors; Shiites like to wear a Turbah (disc made of clay, stone or wood from the battlefield in Karbala where Hussein was slain) under their forehead during prayers to prevent it from touching an artificial material, but Sunnis consider it idol worship and confiscate them when they go to Mecca; Sunnis like to name themselves after Abu Bakr, Omar, and Uthman, while Shiites like to name themselves after Ali, Hussein and Fatima Zahra; Sunni tribal names incl. Bakri, Dulaimi, and Samarrai; Shiite tribal names incl. Moussawi, Rubaie, and Sa'aedi; the Jaburi, Khafaji and Shammari tribes have members of both sects; in modern times the Shiite pop. is centered in Iran, with a fork jutting into the Basra area of Iraq, while the Sunnis have them totally surrounded and outnumbered, but are plagued by a number of sellouts to Satanic Western secularism - and probably a number of Zionist moles?
One New Agey thing about Islam is its belief in Jinns (Djinns) (Genies), made of "smokeless fire" and residing in a parallel dimension; they are highly intelligent, have freewill, can be good or bad, are ancient (they helped to build Solomon's temple), and are eager to take the Earth back from the human race, which has usurped it.
In 1095 the Fatimids of Egypt under emir (sultan) Aphdal took advantage of the quarrels among the Seljuks and took Palestine, incl. Jerusalem and Tyre; Peter the Hermit (Peter of Amiens) (1050-1115), a priest of Amiens in Picardy (a former soldier under the counts of Boulogne, who took holy orders after his wife got old and ugly) visited the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, got pissed at the "sufferings of the natives and pilgrims of Palestine", and went to the Patriarch of Constantinople lobbying for the Byzantine emperor to take it back, but was stonewalled, causing him to land in Bari and meet with Pope (since 1088) Urban II (Otto de Lagery) (1042-99), who shined to the idea, telling him to go out and preach the cause, which he does with gusto in Italy and France; "His diet was abstemious, his prayers long and fervent, and the alms which he received with one hand, he distributed with the other: his head was bare, his feet naked, his meagre body was wrapped in a coarse garment; he bore and displayed a weighty crucifix; and the ass on which he rode was sanctified, in the public eye, by the service of the man of God... every breast glowed with indignation when he challenged the warriors of the age to defend their brethren, and rescue their Saviour... The most perfect orator of Athens might have envied the success of his eloquence... and Christendom expected with impatience the counsels and decrees of the supreme pontiff" - Gibbon, Ch. 58; the whole story is phony baloney, made up by later writers as a coverup?; meanwhile, after receiving a letter from Byzantine Emperor Alexius seeking help against the Seljuks, Urban II hastily summoned a church council to discuss the problem (really the opportunity to unite the two churches under himself); the 200-bishop, 4K-clergy, 30K-laity Council of Placentia heard Byzantine ambassadors pleading their Western European Christian brethren to come save Constantinople from the Turks, to take the battle to Muslim Asia before the Muslim Turks take the battle to Europe (later used by U.S. Pres. George Dubya Bush?), revealing the pope's true reason for the Crusade; like Bush, he wanted Congress to approve it first, so he called the 8-day Council of Clermont in Auvergne, France (his native country), which he attended on Nov. 27 with 13 archbishops, 225 bishops, and 400 priests, while thousands of adoring laity (plus lords and knights) attend; it proclaimed the Truce of God (a suspension of hostilities four days of each week), placed women, priests, husbandmen and merchants under the protection of the church from the current private wars, and the nine Christian Crusades to Jerusalem began with the First Crusade when on Nov. 27 Pope Urban II gave a Killer Sermon, calling for an end to private wars among Christians and an all-out effort to sweep the Muslim infidels back and restore the site of the Holy Sepulchre into Christian hands, sweetened by a plenary (paid in full for all sins) indulgence for enlistment, telling them not to do it for vengeance but for contrition or penance; (you had to be there, but) as the crowd shouts "God wills it, God wills it!" (Deus vult, Deus vult!) (Deus lo volt) (Deix el volt), the pope exclaims, "And let this memorable word, the inspiration surely of the Holy Spirit, be forever adopted as your cry of battle, to animate the devotion and courage of the champions of Christ. His cross is the symbol of your salvation; wear it, a red, a bloody cross, as an external mark, on your breasts or shoulders, as a pledge of your sacred and irrevocable engagement"; after great numbers of clergy and laity get red and put the bloody cross on, and asked popey to lead them into battle, he, ahem, begged that his official duties precluded him from taking time from his busy schedule, and appointed Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy (-1098) (the first bishop he ever elevated) as his legate to the Crusades in Dec., and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse (1038-1105) as the military cmdr., with instructions to depart for the Holy Land on Aug. 15 of next year (Festival of the Assumption); meanwhile Urban II stays far from the action, travelling around in the rear giving more speeches to raise more suckers, er, soldiers and support; not to be left out, Guibert of Nagent (1064-1125) informs the Crusaders that Jerusalem must be seized as a necessary prelude to its eventual capture by Antichrist, followed by the Second Coming of Christ, with the soundbyte "The End of the World is already near" - he meant 1099, the next available Millennium Fever year? By 1096 the Holy Roman Empire stretched from Italy to Jutland, but why not add the Holy Land, eh? In May 1099 the ragtag Crusaders, 40K strong, incl. 5K cavalry left Antioch to Laodicea, down the seashore through Tripoli, Tyre, Sidon, Acre, Ashkelon, and Caesarea to the brass ring city of Big J, Jerusalem. On June 7 after the Egyptian Fatimids under Caliph Mostali offered safe passage to the Holy Sepulchre along with expensive gifts, all in vain, and the Crusaders waited 10 mo. after the defeat of Kerboga "to enjoy the luxury of Syria" (Gibbon), 13K Crusaders began the Siege of Jerusalem (pop. 200K); the 40K Egyptian defenders under Aladin (Iftikhar) defeated the early assaults while awaiting reinforcements, which were too late, allowing the Crusaders to conquer the city on July 15 after (you guessed it) 40 days; on July 15 First Crusade leader Godfrey (Godfroi) de Bouillon (1058-1100), duke of Lower Lorraine, whose camp was pitched on Mount Calvary entered Jerusalem, and his Crusaders merrily began a 3-day massacre of the pop., killing 70K for Christ (incl. driving quaking Jews to their synagogue then burning them alive), while the flag of the Christian Cross flew over the city; "If you want to know what was done to the enemies found in the city, know this, that in the portico of Solomon and in his Temple, our men rode in the blood of the Saracens up to the knees of their horses" - Godfrey de Bouillon and Raymond Daimbert, Letter to Pope Urban II from Jerusalem; "They went together through the streets with their swords and spears in hand. All that they met they slew and smote right down, men, women, and children, sparing none... They slew so many in the streets that there were heaps of dead bodies, and one might not go nor pass but upon them that so lay dead... There was so much blood shed that the channels and gutters ran all with blood, and all the streets of the town were covered with dead men." (William of Tyre, 12th cent.); the Crusaders took the crescent off the top of the Dome of the Rock and replaced it with a cross, then constructed a Christian altar, only to see the Muslims take it back in 1187 and reverse the process.
Around 1099 the Priory of Sion (scion of Zion?), a secret brotherhood to protect some kind of terrific secret about Jesus Christ being the secret husband of redheaded Mary Magdalene and leaving a sacred bloodline in S France was allegedly founded in Rennes-le-Chateau, France; a hoax spread by French draftsman Pierre Athanase Marie Plantard (1920-2000) in France in the 1950s, and fueled by English "Dr. Who" writer Henry Lincoln (Soskin) (1930-), who finds out that Rennes-le-Chateau master (1885-1917) Friar Francois Berenger Sauniere (1852-1917) engaged in big spending, deducing that it came from money obtained from secret documents he sold, not knowing about a 1910 conviction for illegal trafficking in Masses?; in 1982 Lincoln, Michael Baigent (1948-) of New Zealand and Am.-born English writer Richard Leigh (1943-2007) pub. The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, after which in 2003 Am. novelist Dan Brown (1964-) pub. The Da Vinci Code, and they all began dancing with the stars.
In 1118 after 300+ pilgrims were ambushed by marauding Saracens between the port city of Jaffa and Jerusalem, and other bands appeared outside the walls of Jerusalem, presto-digito heah cum de judge, nine pious Christian knights from N France led by Hugh (Hugues) de Payens (Pajens) (Payns) (1070-1136) and Godefroi (Geoffrey) de St. Omer (huge pay-ins and gobs of free saintly lucre?) suddenly arrived at Latin king of Jerusalem Baldwin II's palace and offered their services, claiming to have taken the vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, plus a 4th to protect the pilgrims on their journeys between the holy city and the coast; Baldwin bites, and the religious-military order of the Order of the Knights Templar (Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon) was founded to protect pilgrim routes in the Holy Land by Baldwin II, who granted them a HQ in Jerusalem in the E part of his palace, in the Al-Aqsa Mosque, which stands on the Temple Mount (site of the Jewish Temple of Solomon), under which the Qumran Copper Scroll (discovered in the 20th cent.) claims huge quantities of gold and valuables are buried to keep it from the Romans, who razed it in 70 C.E.; they were also given attached stables big enough to accommodate 2K horses; their seal is two men seated on the same horse, to signify their vow of sodomy, er, poverty; the secular overlord is the Count of Champagne, with spiritual leadership given by French abbot-monk (St.) Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153) (#1 spiritual figure in the West, a pope-maker and preventer of Jewish pogroms), who drew up their rule (sanctioned by the Council of Troyes in 1128), based on the Cistercian Rule, with the vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and the rule of the canons regular; the order consists of knights (allowed to wear the white mantle with large red Latin cross on the back), chaplains, and men-at-arms (servants); admission is limited to those of noble blood; org. is by commanderies, under a grandmaster; too bad, these monkish Magnificent Nine spend their first nine years, not protecting pilgrims, but locked up inside their HQ, excavating through solid rock in search of the Holy of Holies of the Jewish Second Temple, giving later conspiracy theorists plenty of dream pillow material about how they dug up some magnificent treasure or great secret they used to blackmail the papacy with, maybe some secret documents, or the Shroud of Christ - or the formula for Viagra?
In 1139 Irish archbishop of Armagh (1132-8) (St.) Malachy (1094-1148) journeyed to Rome via Scotland, England, and France, where he visited St. Bernard of Clairvaux, and became papal legate for Ireland before returning, writing St. Malachy's Prophecy of the Succession of the Popes, which becomes near and dear to Millennium Feverists, predicting all 110 future popes through Pope Paul II, and naming only two more, the last to be called Peter the Roman, who will preside over the end of the Church and the coming of Christ.
In 1181-90 French trouvere Chretien de Troyes (1144-90) writes the poem Perceval ("pure fool"), the Story of the Grail, launching the legend of the Quest of the Holy Grail, which is further developed by German Minnesinger Wolfram von Eschenbach (1170-1220) in his poem Parzival.
In 1209 Pope (1198-1216) Innocent III (1160-1216) launches the horrific Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars (Albigensians) (Catharists of Albi) ("Western Buddhists") in Languedoc, S France, a group of sects of too loose heretical dualistic vegetarians centered in Toulouse, which started out as a reaction against clerical corruption but was joined by the nobles as a way to appropriate Church lands, becoming fabulously wealthy and getting mixed-up with the Templars; believing that Crist was a prophet of Amor (love), they refused to make a big deal of the Crucifixion, which they regarded as an emblem of Rex Mundi (Lord of the Material World), which has twisted Amor into its opposite, Roma, also denying the sacraments of Baptism and Communion, and practicing birth control and abortion, accepting reincarnation and the female principle, allowing women parfaits (priests), and insisting on direct personal contact with God rather than mere faith; on Mar. 16, 1244 the remaining leaders are massacred in their captured fortress of Montsegur (Montségur), and the remnants of the sect obliterated by the Roman Catholic Church; the Inquisition is founded to uproot any remaining Cathars.
Jesus rolls over in his empty tomb? Now that Bible reading has been prohibited (1229), and pesky Bible-thumpers continue to read it and point out that the Church's doctrines contradict it, in 1231 Pope Gregory IX instituted the search-and-destroy Holy Office, AKA the Inquisition, in the hands of the Dominicans, for the apprehension, torture (begun 1252?) and trial of heretics, enacting a law for Rome that heretics condemned by an ecclesiastical court are to be delivered to the secular power to receive their "due punishment", i.e., death by fire, or life in a horrible inhumane prison; In his bulls of Apr. 13, 20, and 22, 1233, in order to combat the Albigenses in France, Pope Gregory IX founded the Monastic Inquisition, and appointed the Dominicans as the official Inquisitors for all dioceses of France; the smoke-choked Burning Times in France began. In 1234 Franciscan monks publicly burned copies of the works of Jewish brain man Maimonides (1135-1204) in Montpellier, France, setting a precedent that makes books too hot to handle in Catholic lands; knowing that if you can get away with books, why not people, on June 13 Pope Gregory IX pub. the 5-vol. Liber Extra (Decretals of Gregory IX), a collection of 2K decretals which he has sent to the univs. of Bologna and Paris, repeating St. Augustine's belief that "every pagan, Jew, heretic, and schismatic will go to the eternal fire prepared for the Devil and his demons", containing the oldest surviving detailed Description of a Diabolical (Witches') Sabbath, describing the novice having to kiss an enormous toad, then a cold, pale, thin man, which causes him to forget the Catholic faith, then, after a feast, having to kiss a black cat, then the head devil (or devil's head), and finally participate in an orgy; Pope Boniface VIII added a 6th book in 1298 - dominica, nica, what? This wonderful development in Catholic theology goes on to morph into the Spanish Inquisition in 1478, and the Portuguese Inquisition in 1531, burning its first Protestants in Spain in 1543; it is finally abolished (suspended until future notice?) after 666, er, 603 fun years in 1834.
In 1230 Carmina Burana (Lat. "Songs of Beuern"), a German collection of Latin monastic songs for Beuern Monastery appear. It is set to music in 1937 by German composer Carl Orff (1895-1982), and O Fortuna becomes every film's standard Satanic music theme, you have to memorize the lyrics to get admitted to really swinging parties. Lyrics incl. "In Springtime", "In the Tavern", "The Court of Love", and "Fortune, Empress of the World": "O Fortuna/ velut luna/ statu variabilis/ semper crescis/ aut decrescis./ Vita detestabilis/ nunc obdurat/ et tunc curat/ ludo mentis aciem./ Egestatem/ potestatem/ dissolvit ut glaciem,/ sors immanis/ et inanis/ rota tu volubilis/ status malus,/ vana salus/ semper dissolubilis,/ Obumbrata/ et velata/ michi quoque niteris./ Nunc per ludum/ dorsum nudum/ fero tui sceleris./ Sors salutis/ et virtutis/ michi nunc contraria/ est affectus/ et defectus/ semper in angaria./ Hac in hora/ sine mora/ corde pulsum tangite/ quod per sortem/ sternit fortem/ mecum omnes plangite!"; "O Fortune, like the Moon you are changeable, ever waxing and waning. Hateful life first oppresses and then soothes as fancy takes it. Poverty and power, it melts them like ice. Fate, monstrous and empty, you whirling wheel, you are malevolent, well-being is vain and always fades to nothing, shadowed and veiled you plague me too. Now through the game I expose my bare back to your villainy. Fate is against me in health and virtue, driven on and weighted down, always enslaved. So at this hour without delay pluck the vibrating strings. Since Fate strikes down the string man, everyone weep with me."
On Dec. 17, 1273 Persian Sufi mystical poet Mawlana (Mevlana) Jalaluddin (Jalal al-Din) Muhammad Rumi (Balkhi) (1207-1273) dies after fleeing from the Mongols W to Konya in Anatolia (Iconium) near the Neolithic ruins of Catal Huyuk and preaching a gospel of love; he leaves Mathnawi (Mathnavi) (6 vols.); his son Sultan Baha al-Din Muhammad-i Walad founds the Mevlevi (Mawlawiyya) Order AKA the Whirling (Dancing) Dervishes (Pers. "beggars"); Rumi's ecumenical mystical poetry stays popular to modern times.
On July 24, 1307 the Knights Templar hold a gen. chapter meeting in Paris; pocket pope Clement V writes to his boss Philip IV on Aug. 24 with a sealed mandate, not to be opened until dawn on Oct. 13 (Fri.), telling of his vision that the Knights Templar are heretics and blasphemers, devil worshipers, homosexuals, sodomites, defilers of Christ and other blimey, and that God had told him to cleanse the Earth by rounding them all up and torturing them until they confess (roasting of the feet is particularly favored?); too bad, at midnight just before the big day dawns, Templar ships under the Admiral of the Fleet leave from La Rochelle, carrying all their big secret documents, portable treasures, and other neat stuff; on Oct. 13 (Fri.) (Oct. 21 Gregorian), AKA Black Friday the 13th, Templar grandmaster (since 1297) Jacques de Molay (1244-1314) is arrested in the Paris Temple by dozens of seneschals, accompanied by Philip IV, who gets pissed-off at not finding their treasure or documents; meanwhile the whole Templar Order throughout France is arrested (15K men), and its assets seized by the crown; the Order is charged with 127 blasphemous crimes; some Templars escape to Argyll, Scotland, where the war with England causes the papal bulls dissolving the order to never be proclaimed, and their allies the Freemasons protect them, admitting them into their lodges under the Accepted Rites of Freemasonry; others flee to Jewish-friendly Spain, Portugal and Poland; de Molay's deputy Geoffroy de Charnay (1251-1314), and a few others barely survive under cruel chief torturer Gaspard Chaix, only to be burned on Mar. 18, 1314 after they refuse to give up the big secrets of where the loot is?; tortures incl. having heavy weights attached to their testicles, being jerked over heavy beams, held in dungeons for months, feet-roasting et al. - you can't take the Fifth with Clement the Fifth? On Aug. 8, 1308 Pope Clement V summons witnesses for the Templar Trials in Poitiers, bringing 72 Templars to testify about worshiping Head 58 AKA Baphomet (Muhammad?) (the Greek goddess of wisdom Sofia after applying the Atbash Cypher?) (the Shroud of Turin or Mandylion?); on Aug. 17 senior officers of the Templars are interviewed by three cardinals in Chinon; on Sept. 13 English common law stops a pair of French inquisitors arriving in England from prosecuting the Templars, causing Pope Clement V to write to Edward II: "We hear that you forbid torture as contrary to the laws of your land. But no state law can override canon law, our law. Therefore I command you at once to submit those men to torture", causing Edward II to flop, holding the first English tribunal of the Inquisition, and becoming the last use of torture in England until Queen Bloody Mary in 1553-8; the tribunal suppresses the Templar Order and seizes its assets for Edward II, making him and Philip IV the two kings who make out the best?; in Oct. 2007 the Vatican announces the release of the trial documents, showing that they were absolved of heresy charges but burned anyway - and all those Vatican bureaucrats kept their silence all that time?
The Black Death (the original Darth Vader) rockets through Europe's Internet with breathtaking speed? In Oct. 1347 a Genoese trading fleet arrives in Messina, Sicily carrying the Black Death (Bubonic Plague) (Yersinia pestis bacteria), carried by fleas from rats; it also arrives in Egypt, Syria, and Cyprus; by 1351 it kills 20M-30M in Europe (a third of Europe's pop., and up to 60% in some areas), and 75M worldwide by 1361; world. pop. decreases from 450M to 350M-375M by 1400; Europe takes 150 years to return to 1347 pop. levels; it ravages China, halving its pop. from 123M in 1200 to 65M in this cent.; lucky America is not affected, but not toughened up by it either?; rats didn't really spread it, because it spread too fast from person to person? On Sept. 26, 1348 Pope Clement VI issues the bull Quamvis Perfidiam, attempting to dispel the rumor that Jews caused the Black Death by poisoning wells, saying that they too are suffering from the plague, but he is ignored. In summer 1349 the Great Plague reappears in Paris, where it peaks, killing up to 800 a day, and spreads to Picardy, Flanders, and the Low Countries; also in the summer it reappears in London, and spreads to Ireland, killing 25% of the pop. within a year; by the middle of the year half of the pop. of Venice is killed; by the end of the year half of England's pop. is killed, and a truce with France is called; the plague spreads to Norway when an English ship full of corpses floats into Bergen, and reaches Elbing (Elblag), Poland on Aug. 24; the Church and its credibility being challenged head-on, the main solution offered is by the Flagellants, who appear in force all over Europe (especially Germany), torturing themselves publicly, and proclaiming that the Second Coming is 33.5 years away (I been a bad, bad boy, so tan my sinful hide?), while causing trouble for Jews, the rich, the Church, and finally themselves (besides all the wounds), causing Pope Clement VI to pub. a bull condemning them on Oct. 20; "Many persons, and even young children were soon bidding farewell to the world, some with prayers, others with praises on their lips."
In 1350-1 the Great Plague begins clearing, leaving a depopulated Europe where the deck is reshuffled and the entire social order is thrown up for grabs. The intelligentisa begin to smell a rat in the divine pretensions of the Church, and launch the timeless look at the ancient pagan past called the Renaissance via their Greek scholar friends in Constantinople, no longer being satisfied with Arab translations but learning ancient Greek for themselves; meanwhile the workers see the class struggle clearly now, the rain is gone.
In 1357 Tsongkapa (Tsongkhapa) (d. 1419) ("the man from Onion Valley"), the first Buddhist Dalai Lama ("Great Ocean") is born in Tibet, receiving the name Lobsang Drakpa (Je Rinpoche) and founding his first monastery in 1409; all following ones are supposed to be his reincarnations.
About 1400 after the Great Plague ended, Renaissance Humanism gets off to a fast start, reviving classical learning and speculative inquiry, displacing Scholasticism as W Europe's main philosophy, and taking the monopoly of learning from churchmen, letting laymen into the equation, which soon causes the very basis of Church dogma and tradition to come under the microscope; too bad, by the middle of the cent. the pendulum swings, bringing Witch Mania, which causes thousands of mostly women to be executed until the late 17th cent.
In 1418-27 German priest Thomas a (ŕ) Kempis (Hamerken) (Hammerlein) (Ger. "small hammer") (1380-1471) writes Imitatio Christi (The Imitation of Christ) (1418-27); a self-abusefest for monks who think that the Passion is a Cureall for Booty Night?; biggest bestseller since the Bible.
Between 1430 and 1450 Tarot Cards (Egyptian "tar" + "ro" = royal way) come into use in N Italy, a descendant of playing cards that came from Muslim Mamluk Egypt in the late 14th cent., probably via gypsies, and based on the Wheel of Fortune; "Regnabo, Regno, Regnavi, Sum Sine Regno" (I shall reign, I reign, I have reigned, I am without reign"). In the late 18th cent. they begin to be used by occultists for divination and spiritual growth.
On Apr. 6, 1453 after assembling in Jan. on the plains of Adrianople and then reducing every city in their way, 150K Muslims, Janissaries, and Dervishes (incl. some Christians who wanted to get in on the loot) under 21-y.-o. whodya-wanna-call Ottoman Sultan (since 1451) Mehmed (Mehmet) (Mohammed) II (the Conqueror) (1432-81), the Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden of the 15th cent. begin the 54-day Siege of Constantinople (founded 330 C.E.), defended by 7K Christian knights; the sultan does the traditional Islamic thing of offering the emperor a chance to surrender in exchange for their lives, but he refuses, preferring to fight rather than switch, after which the artillery immediately begins bombarding the city with 70 cannons, incl. a 27-ft.-long 762m (30 in.) 35-ton bronze Shock'em Allah called the Great Turkish Bombard (Dardanalles Gun) (Basilic) (Sahi) (Muhammad's Gun) (designed by Hungarian engineer Urban), which lobs 1.2K-lb. balls up to 1 mi. at the key St. Romanus Gate; on Apr. 12 the 200-ship Ottoman fleet under Bulgarian renegade adm. Suleiman Baltoghlu arrives from Gallipoli, sealing the city off by sea completely; on Apr. 18 (night) the first assault by thousands of mad mullahs is repelled; on Apr. 20 (morning) four large vessels loaded with provisions (four Genoese and one Greek) arrive, and the lame Ottoman fleet fights them all day but fails to stop them from entering the city, pissing off the sultan, who orders adm. Baltoghlu executed and replaced by Hamza Bey, then has half of his ships pulled on wooden platforms along a greased log roadway he previously constructed by the neutral Genoese colony of Pera across from Constantinople, then launched in the Golden Horn; Muslim assaults on May 7 and May 12 are repelled; by mid-May the Venetian Senate is still debating whether to send aid, and on May 23 a fast ship sent out in early May to greet the expected fleet returns with bad news; on May 22 a lunar eclipse freaks the superstitious Christians, who believe a prophesy that the city can't be taken under a full moon; on May 23 a thunderstorm freaks them more, followed by a strange ghost light surrounding the dome of the Hagia Sophia, which they interpret as the Holy Ghost abandoning it, which doesn't stop hundreds of refugees from crowding in; a captured Muslim engineer is made to talk and give info. allowing the Christians to locate and destroy the Muslim tunnels, buying time; on May 25 the sultan's advisers tell him to raise the siege before the Euros arrive and get them surrounded, but they don't call him the Conqueror for nothing, so he plans an all-out final assault; on May 28 the doomed Christians, sensing the end stage a holy procession, holding the last Christian service in Hagia Sophia, reconciling themselves to dying for their faith; on May 28-29 (Mon.-Tues.) at midnight the final siege begins; although the Christians repel wave after wave, things go bad when their cmdr. Giovanni Giustianini Longo gets wounded, and instead of standing his post orders that he be taken back through the gates to the city, causing the rest of the Genoese to think the gate has been breached, causing them to rush back to it, leaving the emperor and his Greek troops to face the Janissaries alone, after which they are KIA; after the 60-ft.-wide 20-ft.-deep moat and three sets of walls and towers (the inner two walls having 96 towers each) are breached, the city surrenders, after which the Allahu Akbars rape and massacre the helpless dhimmi pop., chaining the rest to sell them into slavery (lucky non-white infidel beasts get to do unspeakable things to our white Christian wimmen, incl. gasp nuns, and after 9/11, we're next?), leaving only 50K after being stopped after 24 hours by Mehmed II, who weeps after viewing the destruction, and utters the immortal soundbyte "What a city we have given over to plunder and destruction", then awards himself the title of Caesar; Greek-born ecumenical Cardinal Isidore of Kiev (1385-1463) dresses a corpse up in his robes and watches the Turks cut off its head and parade it through the streets, then manages to get shipped to Asia Minor as a slave, later buying his freedom and returning to Rome, adopting the Latin Rite and becoming bishop of Sabina, and later Latin patriarch of Constantinople and archbishop of Cyprus sans jurisdiction, later making the mistake of returning to Moscow and holding a Latin Rite, which gets him imprisoned again; a legion of Cretans manning three towers near the entrance to the Golden Horde holds out and are given safe passage; the Ottoman sailors abandon their ships to rush into the city and get their share, allowing several Christian ships loaded with refugees to escape, incl. Giustianini, who dies a few days later in Chios; after the sultan heads into the city straight to it and personally breaks the altar, Hagia Sophia is turned into a mosque, and the Christian icons plastered over; last Byzantine emperor (since 1448) Constantine XI Palaeologus (b. 1404) dies defending the walls, and they hang his head on a pike; on Sept. 30 with infallible timing Pope Nicholas V issues a call for a new Crusade (1st time the printing press is used to issue papal appeals?); the loss of Constantinople solidifies Europe around Rome, removing the age-old obstacle to uniting it religiously, while an Islamic prophesy makes the Muslims believe they will conquer Rome next; a major drive to repopulate Istanbul (Turk. "in the city or downtown") (Gr. "eis ten polin" = "into the city") begins, with the 60-alleyway Grand Bazaar (largest enclosed market in the world) built in 1461, turning it into the showpiece of the Middle East, with 400K pop. before 1800, about 45% Christian and Jewish; the Muslim Turks are now on the frontier of Germany, and put Venice on the defensive over her eastern colonies for the next 250 years; the Muslims set up a paper mill in Constantinople - how long until a Turk founds Atlantic Records and catapults Ray Charles and the Rolling Stones to stardom? The fall of Constantinople to the Turks causes a large number of Greek scholars to flee to Italy, where they pump up the Renaissance in classical learning; it also leads to renewed efforts to find new westward routes to India and China across the Atlantic as the Ottomans are in a position to close overland trade routes to the Silk Road. The S Balkan region (from the Peloponnesus to the Danube River, incl. Albania, Constantinople, Thessaloniki, Thrace, N Greece and Macedonia, Serbia, and Moesia) begins to be called Rumelia (Rumeli) (Turkish "Land of the Romans") as the Muslim Ottomans conquer it from the Christians, who are all Romans as far as they are concerned; up till now they called it Anatolia Rumelia. The Shroud of Christ is sold by Marguerite de Charny to Duke Louis I of Savoy, who moves it to Chambery, France (until 1578); it was really such a poor fake that it disappears for 50 years until Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) can be hired to produce the modern good one, based on his own portrait? After taking over Constantinople, the Muslims find lots of star and crescent flags, and adopt them as their symbol since sultan Othman I allegedly had a dream of a crescent moon growing until it filled the world, even though Richard I Lionheart had used the symbol in the late 12th cent. when kicking Muslim butt for Christ.
In 1486 Italian Wunderkind philosopher Count Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-94) delivers his famous Oration on the Dignity of Man (De Hominis Dignitate) ("the Manifesto of the Renaissance"), in which he proposes 900 theses and offers to defend them against all comers, and Pope Innocent VIII deems 13 of them dealing with cabalistic magic heretical, esp. "A mortal sin of finite duration is not deserving of eternal but only of temporal punishment", and forbids him to discuss them; the oration becomes a key Renaissance humanist text and helps launch the Hermetic Rev.; "Human vocation is a mystical vocation that has to be realized following a three stage way, which comprehends necessarily moral transformation, intellectual research and final perfection in the identity with the absolute reality. This paradigm is universal, because it can be retraced in every tradition" - if only he had said 800 or 850?
With Catholic indulgences, crime does pay? The papal quest for filthy lucre finally reaps public reaction, creating the Protestant schism? On Oct. 31, 1517 (Wed.) German Roman Catholic Augustinian friar Martin Luther (1483-1546), after becoming sick of the indulgences peddled by Dominican friar Johann Teufel, er, Johann Tetzel (1465-1519) et al., and convinced that 1517 marks the end of the Babylonian Captivity of the Congregation, nails his Ninety-Five (95) Theses (in Latin) to the door of the Wittenberg Palast (Palace) (Castle) Church (known for housing 5K+ holy relics, which he detests), arguing against indulgences and other Roman Catholic Church abuses, claiming that the pope is the Antichrist, "and his seat is that of Satan himself", "the papacy is a general chase, by command of the Roman pontiff, for the purpose of running down and destroying souls", and that "The treasures of indulgences are nets with which they now fish for the wealth of men", igniting the already-smoldering Protestant Reformation (he could have picked a more PC date than Halloween?); his offer of a public debate is declined, but his theses are soon translated from Latin to German and pub., causing the German middle and merchant classes, who are already chafing at Italian efforts at domination to rise to his support in reaction to the fugging Fuggers (successor to the Medicis) and other papal bankers who are draining Germany of gold for Rome with this holy racket (the Fuggers are behind the loans made by Albert of Brandenburg to the pope); the big revelation to Luther that gave him strength was from the Bible, incl. the Seven Trumpets in Rev. Ch. 8, and Rev. 13:5, where it says that the Antichrist will rule the world for 42 mo., which he turns into 1260 years instead of days, setting year 1 in 539 C.E., and claiming that Christ will therefore return in the year 1799, thus it's time to get started whipping things up? - the wildlife experience, more than a museum?
In 1520 German-Swiss walking wonder medical student Philippus Paracelsus (Lat. "Greater than Celsus") (Aureolus Theophrastus Philippus Bombastus von Hohenheim) (1493-1541) wanders through Europe, and introduces Laudanum (spiced wine and opium) as a painkiller and cure-all, blissfully unaware of its addictive properties - the original Timothy Leary? In 1528 he pub. Die Kleine Chirurgia, the first Euro surgery manual, which crusades for the use of chemicals in the treatment of disease, pioneering the use of minerals incl. lead and mercury as drugs, introducing the system of salt, sulfur, and mercury as the three "prime elements" from which all things are made, and coining the term "tartar" for the stony crud on teeth (really saliva plus bacteria); he gives zinc its name, calling it zincum. He dies on Sept. 24, 1541 in Salzburg having failed to find the "alkahest" (universal solvent) (a term he coined). He leaves the soundbytes: "Medicine is not only a science, it is also an art"; "So I have traveled throughout the land and was a pilgrim all my life, alone and a stranger feeling alien. Then Thou has made grow in me Thine art under the breath of the terrible storm in me."
In May 1521 Spanish knight Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) is badly wounded in the legs by a cannonball in a battle against the French at Pamplona (Pampeluna), and undergoes a religious conversion at home in the castle of Loyola in N Spain (after receiving the last sacraments and claiming to see the Blessed Virgin Mary carrying the Infant Christ in her arms?), then vowing to lead a life of absolute chastity and devotion to her (perhaps the cannonball smashed more than two legs?); in 1522-4 he writes Exercitiae (Spiritual Exercises), getting him into trouble with the Inquisition for mysticism - the Roman Catholics produce their answer to Luther? On Aug. 15, 1534 as the Protestant Reformation rocks Paris, seven Catholic friends incl. Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) and Francis Xavier (1506-52) meet in a chapel in Montmartre and form the nucleus of the Jesuit Order (Society of Jesus), (officially created in 1540), who become known as the pope's marines (stormtroopers), leading armies against Protestants and evangelizing in pagan lands - the Nazis of Roman Catholicism? On Mar. 13, 2013 on the 5th vote the Conclave of Cardinals selects cardinal (since 2001) Jorge Mario Bardoglio of Argentina (of Italian roots, who came in #2 in the 2005 voting) as pope #266 Francis I (1936-) (until ?), becoming the first South Am. pope, first from the American continent, first non-European pope since Gregory III (731-41), and first Jesuit pope; he appears on the balcony 66 min. after the white smoke; a strategic move to prepare South Am. as a haven for when the Muslims take over Europe? - a New Age plant?
In 1548 Italian Roman Catholic humanist Agostino Steuco (1497-1548), champion of the Counter-Reformation dies after coining the term Perennial Philosophy (Philosophia Perennis) for the single universal truth shared by all world religions.
In 1555 French apothecary Nostradamus (Michel de Nostredame) (1503-66) begin writing The Prophecies (Les Propheties), which become an internat. bestseller used for centuries to justify his grate prophetic powah.
In 1565 Spanish Discalced Carmelite nun and mystical poet ("seraphic virgin") (St.) Teresa de Jesus of Avila (Jesus) (Teresa Sanchez de Cepeda y Ahumada) (1515-82) writes The Way of Perfection, followed in 1566 by Autobiography, followed in 1577 by The Interior Castle, describing the soul as a crystal globe-shaped castle with seven mansions representing the seven stages to union with God.
In 1609 English (Queen Elizabeth I's) astrologer and mathematician-astrologer John Dee (1527-1609) dies, leaving his theory of Enochian Angels, who dictate books to him in their special angelic Enochian language after attempting to contact spirits through scryers or crystal-gazers and numerological Qabalistic angel magic.
In 1614-15 the esoteric secret society known as Rosicrucianism is founded in Kassel, Germany via two anon. manifestos, Fama Fraternitatis (The Fame of the Brotherhood), claiming to be founded by mythical Christian Rosenkreuz (1378-1484), incl. Allgemeine and General Reformation der Ganzen Weiten Welt; the 2nd is Confessio Fraternitatis (The Confession of the Brotherhood). In 1616 Wittenberg-born Johann Valentin Andreae (1586-1654) of Stuttgart anon. pub. Chymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosenkreutz Anno 1459 (The Chemical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz in 1459 C.E.) in Strasbourg. In 1915 the Rosicrucian org. AMORC (Ancient and Mystical Order Rosae Crucis) is founded in New York City by Harvey Spencer Lewis (1883-1939), claiming that English superbrain Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) (creator of the modern empirical scientific method) was the "Imperator (leader) of the Rosicrucian Order in both England and the European continent, and would have directed it at the time of the Renaissance." In 1927 it moves to San Jose, Calif. Members incl. Walt Disney and Gene Roddenberry.
In 1643 English Anglican physician Sir Thomas Browne (1605-82) pub. Religio Medici (Religion of a Physician) (2nd ed. 1645), an Anglican physician's attempt to reconcile science and religion, delving into Hermeticism, alchemy, astrology, and physiognomy; the first (1642) ed. is unauthorized, and after removing several unorthodox religious speculations an authorized ed. is pub. this year, which doesn't stop it from being placed on the Prohibited Index for unorthodox views; "I have often admired the mystical way of Pythagoras and the secret magicke of numbers"; "The severe schools shall never laugh me out of the philosophy of Hermes, that this visible world is but a portrait of the invisible."
In 1644 French philosopher Rene Descartes (1596-1650) pub. Principia Philosophiae (Principles of Philosophy) (Amsterdam), which contains the ultimate philosophy soundbyte "Je pense, donc je suis" ("I think, therefore I am"); too bad, it kowtows to the Roman Catholic 1616 anti-Copernican decree by stating that "I want what I have written to be taken simply as an hypothesis, which is perhaps far removed from the truth"; declares that all motion is relative, thus the Earth can be considered at rest like the Church dictates, drawing criticism from Newton; also that bodies can act on each other only through contact; famous for its diagrams of vortices in which planets are carried in the whirlpool of subtle matter around the Sun - don't try to fight it, don't try and save me, she's a woman in love? Descartes regarded the human pineal gland at the center of the brain as the seat of the human soul, which was ridiculed by scientists until modern times.
The year 1666 contains all the Roman numerals MDCLXVI) once; also 1444, 1446, 1464, 1466, 1644, 1646, 1664. In 1666 the Millennium Fever (MF) over the Big Year 1666 stirs mass paranoia in Christendom, the smart money being that all those evil scientists and secular pagans (and the antichrist pope and his papist followers, according to Protestants) are going to be consumed in fire just as the unbelievers were consumed in water in the days of Noah; later, when the disappointment sets in, hope springs eternal in the human breast, so anybody born in this year is suspected of being the Devil or the Antichrist, and Armageddon is at least going to happen in his lifetime, so don't give up the faith?; meanwhile never fear, the Scientists are here, as the Annus Mirabilis of English Cambridge U. man Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1726) begins when the plague causes him to be sent home from Cambridge to his home in Woolsthrope, where the world's most famous apple falls from the tree, revolutionizing Science with the stunning realization that the heavens and the Earth are subject to the same universal laws - one little orb falls from the sky, causing their minds to fall from the divine Heavens into the material world of Earth, and like it? Too bad, while Newton was king of the world when he did physics, he actually spent his main energy on a thorough study of the Corpus Hermeticum, leaving a trunk of 100K pages of mss. when he passed over. "Newton was not the first of the Age of Reason. He was the last of the magicians, the last of the Babylonians and Sumerians... He looked on the Universe and all that is in it as a riddle... He regarded the Universe as a cryptogram set by the Almighty." (John Maynard Keynes)
Oh Zevi darling, the lady from the fan magazine's here, she wants the lowdown on your love life? Where's the Da Vinci code for this? The MF is really big among Jews in 1666, allowing Smyrna-born Qabbalistic ascetic Jewish rabbi Sabbatai (Shabbethai) Zevi (Tzvi) (1626-76) (who proclaimed himself Messiah in 1648, got rich in Cairo, then proclaimed himself again on the Jewish New Year last year in the Jewish synagogue in Aleppo to public acclaim, and became de facto ruler of the city, even converting rabbis this time, causing his fame to spread throughout da civilized world, and converts in Avignon, France to plan a trip to Aleppo this spring) decides to go to Constantinople, hoping to crown himself sultan, instead finding Jehovah isn't ready yet and getting arrested at the command of grand vizier Ahmed Koprulu, but when he is treated leniently in his prison in Abydos and allowed to display his great wealth (after paying bribes), his fame spreads throughout da world, causing revolts in Moravia and Sale, Morocco; too bad, in early Sept. Jewish sage Nehemiah ha-Kohen (-1690) from Lwow, Galicia (Poland) arrives and pronounces him a fake, then escapes a murder plot and hikes to Constantinople, telling on him to the sultan after faking conversion to Islam, causing Zevi to be taken to Adrianople, where on Sept. 16 he takes the advice of the sultan's formerly Jewish physician and converts to Islam, wearing a turban, which pleases the sultan, who gives him the title of effendi and gives him a high-paying job as royal doorkeeper, after which his ex-ho wife Queen Sarah and several other followers convert, and he marries a 2nd wife to prove his conversion; meanwhile the punk tries to play both ends against the middle and convert Jews to Islam while converting Muslims to his Qaballistic Judaism, pissing off the sultan, who banishes him to Montenegro, where he finally croaks; the sultan is barely talked out of extermining all adult Jews in his empire and having all Jewish children brought up as Muslims; diehards continue his Sabbatean Cult in Turkey, with 100K still following him in modern times.
1683 represents the year when the Muslim World's military threat to the West ended, and the West began to leave it and its population and its stinking Allah along with the Medieval Ages in the rearview mirror as the ass-crack-sniffing Islamic world failed to keep pace with the West, not only in science and technology, but in all key aspects, incl. the construction of public clocks, implementation of standardized linear measurements, and modernization in general, compounded by pervasive autocracy. The 1648 Peace of Westphalia left fledgling Western Science pretty much free to romp unmolested by any organized religion, helped by an internat. science community that encouraged nation-hopping, Age of Reason launched by Rene Descartes in the early 1600s, followed by the Age of Enlightenment, it immediately began producing a long ever-growing line of super scientists building on the work of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) of Italy (read the catalog), Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) of Poland (heliocentric theory), William Gilbert (1544-1603) of England (electricity and magnetism), Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) of Italy (theory of momentum), and Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) of Germany (laws of the Solar System), incl. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) of France (analytical geometry and rationalism in philosophy), Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1726) of England (law of gravitation, optics, calculus), Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716) of Germany (modern notation for calculus et al.), Carl Linnaeus (1707-78) of Sweden (biological classification and nomenclature), Antoine Lavoisier (1743-94) of France (law of mass conservation, metric system), Jons Jakob Berzelius (1779-1848) of Sweden (chemical formula notation), Michael Faraday (1791-1867) of England (electromagnetic induction, electrolysis), Gregor Johann Mendel (1822-84) of Austria (genetics), Louis Pasteur (1822-95) of France (germ theory of disease), James Clerk Maxwell (1831-79) of Scotland (electromagnetic field theory), Dmitri Mendeleyev (1834-1907) of Russia (Periodic Table of the Elements), Albert Einstein (1879-1955) of Austria and the U.S. (photoelectric effect, mass-energy equivalence, relativity theory), and Niels Bohr (1885-1962) of Denmark (quantum theory), the honor list grows exponentially, no Muslims but scads of Christians and Jews on it, gee, Allah, what happened, they were all infidels and should have been beheaded by your faithful Muslim fucktards so we could continue to grovel in the Muslim Golden Age of cubic equations and the search for the process for transmuting lead to gold, if I get a broken back will I still be able to walk? And then there's the applied scientists and inventors, who contributed to the Industrial Revolution in the late 18th and 19th centuries, incl. Johannes Gutenberg (1398-1468) of Germany (printing press), Galileo Galilei of Italy (already mentioned) (telescope), Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) of the Netherlands (microscope), Benjamin Franklin (1706-90) of the U.S. (electricity), Alessandro Volta (1745-1827) of Italy (electric battery), Robert Fulton (1765-1815) of the U.S. (steamboat), Louis Daguerre (1787-1851) of France (photography), Charles Babbage (1791-1871) of England (computer), Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) of Scotland (telephone), Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) of the U.S. (light bulb, phonograph, moving pictures), Rudolf Diesel (1858-1913) of Germany (diesel engine), Marie Curie (1867-1934) of France and Poland (radioactivity) (what happened Allah, I thought you made all of the menstruating women of the world stupid?), Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) of Italy (radio), the Wright Brothers of the U.S. (airplane), Robert Hutchings Goddard (1882-1945) of the U.S. (rockets), Philo Taylor Farnsworth (1906-71) of the U.S. (TV). Where are the Muslim inventors? Oh yes, the auto clit slicing machine, the Wifi chastity belt, the IED, the butt bomb and shoe bomb, the Black Hole of Calcutta, all invented by Mohamed something. And I don't have enough megabytes available to cover Western art, literature, music, etc., while on the Muslim side there's about enough to fill a donkey cart, and anything good in it is probably by secular or skeptical or ex-Muslims.
On June 24, 1717 (feast of St. John the Baptist) the Premier (Mother) Grand Lodge of England (London) (Westminster) is established in London at the Goose and Gridiron Ale House in St. Paul's Churchyard from the union of four London Craft lodges; Mother Kilwinning Lodge (Number 0) in Scotland claims to date from 1140; official Freemasonry is born, building men instead of churches; the trademark is the square and compass; the Masonic Tenets are Brotherly Love, Relief, and Truth; the three degress are entered apprentice, fellow craft, and master mason; there are three degrees, three candles, three knocks on the door, three stages of life, three principal numbers, all because Plato taught the Trinity (1+2=3); passwords: Boaz (1st degree), Jachin (2nd degree), Mahabyn (3rd degree); the first gift given to a Freemason is a white leather apron, which is buried with him at death; the York Rite has 10 higher degrees: four Royal Arch degrees, three Cryptic Mason degrees, three Chivalric orders, ending with the Knights Templar Order; in the early years a man with a sword guards the doors.
On Apr. 6, 1744 (Easter weekend) Swedish Christian mystic Emanuel Swedenborg (Swedberg) (1688-1772) begins experiencing visions, claiming to be appointed by Christ to create a New Church Doctrine to reform Christianity, with the ability to freely visit Heaven and Hell and talk with spirits. In 1749-56 he anon. pub. his magnus opus Secrets of Heaven (Arcana Coelestia) (8 vols.). In 1758 he pub. Heaven and Hell and its Wonders and Hell From Things Heard and Seen, and Earths in the Universe, in which he claims to have been in contact with beings from other planets for over a decade.
The original unrated unwrapped American DVD? In 1750 Am. brain man Benjamin Franklin (1706-90) writes Two Letters on Lightning that are presented to the Royal Society of London, describing an 1749 experiment (which he hasn't tried yet) to see if lightning is really electricity by holding a 20-30-ft. pointed sharp metal rod up from the top of a tower during a thunderstorm, inventing the Lightning Rod; they are excerpted in The Gentleman's Magazine, then pub. as an 86-page booklet next year, causing a (electric?) sensation. On May 10, 1752 after Louis VI requests that Benjamin Franklin's proposed lightning rod experiments be attempted, naturalists Comte de Buffon and Thomas Francois D'Alibard dragoon a retired soldier to hold a 40-ft. iron rod in a storm and draw sparks in the village of Marly on the N outskirts of Paris; the experiment is then repeated dozens of times across France, making Franklin a celeb; meanwhile, having waited for the steeple of Philly's Christ Church to be finished, 46-y.-o. Franklin performs his famous kite experiments with lightning from a shed in June, using a silk kite flown by his 22-y.-o. son William; news of his fame in France reaches him in July-Aug., and he doesn't report his own experiments until Oct.; the first lightning rods to be put in service are erected in Philadelphia in late June and early July. In 1769 the first lightning rods appear on bldgs. In 1766 Roman Catholic father ? Sterzinger defends Benjamin Franklin's lightning rod from the theory that thunder and lightning are caused by demons, with the soundbyte: "For his lightning-rod did what exorcisms, and holy water, and processions, and the Agnus Dei, and the ringing of church bells, and the rack, and the burning of witches, had failed to do. This was clearly seen, even by the poorest peasants in eastern France, when they observed that the grand spire of Strasburg Cathedral, which neither the sacredness of the place, nor the bells within it, nor the holy water and relics beneath it, could protect from frequent injuries by lightning was once and for all protected by Franklin's rod. Then came into the minds of multitudes the answer to the question which had so long exercised the leading theologians of Europe and America, namely, 'Why should the Almighty strike his own consecrated temples, or suffer Satan to strike them?'"
In 1752-3 Bishop Erik Pontoppidian (1698-1764) of Bergen, Norway pub. Natural History of Norway (2 vols.); vol. 2 describes Krakens, giant 1.5-mi. long sea monsters who appear and disappear like floating islands in the northern seas; "Far below the thunders of the upper deep;/ Far, far beneath in the abysmal sea/ His ancient, dreamless, uninvaded sleep/ The kraken sleepeth" (Alfred, Lord Tennyson, 1830); Desmond Davis' 1981 film Clash of the Titans shows a disappointingly small kraken getting killed by Harry Hamlin using Medusa's head to turn him to stone rubble; in 2012 scientists discover a giant squid that could be it.
In 1771 Swabian-born Jesuit U. of Vienna prof. Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) uses magnetic plates to cure diseases, going on to develop the theme of animal magnetism (mesmerism) as the cure-all, which develops a large following in about 1780-1850, with some influence until 1900. In 1774 he invents "animal magnetism", hypnosis for your health. In 1834 Scottish physician ("Father of Modern Hypnotism") James Braid (1795-1860) coins the term "hypnosis" for animal magnetism or mesmerism.
It took 1300 years after the fall of Rome for the West to finally get its act together with the American Revolution in 1775-83, a new beginning for humanity that reached back to the ancient Greeks and made use of all the wisdom since, becoming the greatest breakthrough in human liberty ever seen, making the U.S. Da (don't say Great White) Hope of Da Non-Allah-Submitting World ever since. No Mel, it wasn't a Jewish plot, or if so, they must have made up with the ancient pagan Greeks who liked to exercise naked with their uncircumcised dongs swinging like your Celt ancestors, how'd you get so rich? Some of the great Founding Fathers included George Washington (1732-99), Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826), James Madison (1751-1836), John Adams (1735-1826), Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804), Benjamin Franklin (1706-90), and Thomas Paine (1737-1809). They all based their philosophy on English big brain John Locke (1632-1704), ("Father of Liberalism"), French big brain Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron Montesquieu (1689-1755), and Scottish big brains David Hume (1711-76) and Adam Smith (1723-90), but went way beyond them. Where did the U.S. Founding Fathers get their great ideas? Answer: they were historyscopers. Back then they didn't have the Internet like TLW, so access to historical materials was limited to the wealthy, and only those with great gobs of leisure time could absorb it all, so there these white English dudes were, hanging out in the libraries and studies in their mansions while their slaves supported them. No wonder they had an ambivalent attitude toward slavery, knowing that it was wrong but also not wanting to have to get a day job, but hedging their bets by laying the groundwork for racial equality on paper, while playing it safe and leaving the matter to posterity. Benjamin Franklin was an exception, a self-made man, so no surprise that he finally made peace with his conscience and denounced slavery just before he croaked of ripe old age. Tom Paine was a radical Freethinker who saw the French Revolution firsthand, and was always living off the income from his sensational writings, incl. The Age of Reason (1794-1807) (an American bestseller that argues for the existence of one God, but dissects the Bible as full of errors and contradictions, and slams the Bible god Jehovah as not the real God, but a tribal god of the Hebrews, little more than a bloodthirsty idol, not worthy of belief, too bad that Jefferson didn't loan him his Quran so he could tear it apart too), so of course he was the most vehement in denouncing slavery, knowing that they'd consider all his ideas kooky but cool enough to read in the loo. They were all ahead of their time, and the rest of the world is still catching up to their sound ideas, the world's main chance. Yes, there are still Deists around, and they do sometimes tear into the Quran, go Deists. So sorry, Pres. Obama,there wasn't a Muslim among them, but there were a lot of Freemasons among them, and they even laid out the U.S. capital city Washington, D.C. in a Masonic configuration. There were also Jews among them. In Germany on May 1, 1776 (May Day) the mysterious Bavarian Order of the Illuminati was founded by Johann Adam Weishaupt (1748-1830), allegedly secretly funded and masterminded by German Jewish banker Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812), the father of international banking (a Spinoza disciple), with a general plan of destroying the Christian order in Europe by infiltrating and turning nation against nation until it all turns to crap, then stirring the crap to create a New World Order (NWO), and which somehow was allegedly behind the American Revolution, the French Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848, the U.S. Civil War, the Russian Revolution, World Wars I and II, the League of Nations and U.N., and which is supposedly on its game to this day and will be there if/when there's an Armageddon, stay tuned to Armageddon Idol starring Simon Scowl. Alexander Hamilton was allegedly a secret Rothschild agent, which is why he pushed the creation of the First U.S. National Bank on Feb. 25, 1791, which became the mission of U.S. pres. #7 (1829-37) Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) to free the U.S. from, which he did, only to have it come back bigtime on Dec. 23, 1913 with the Federal Reserve, Illuminati shark music here.
In 1785 Frome, Somerset-born English writer Sir Charles Wilkins (1749-1836) pub. The Bhagavat-Geeta, or Dialogues of Kreeshna and Arjoon, the first English trans. of the Bhagavad Gita, wowing Westerners and spreading Orientalism Fever.
In 1789 under hypnotism by Morey Bernstein (1920-99), as pub. in his 1956 bestseller The Search for Bridey Murphy about how he repeatedly hypnotized her, causing her to regress to a prior life, Mrs. Ruth Simmons of Colo. claims that she had lived her previous life as Bridey Murphy in this year in Ireland, causing a nat. mania of interest in hypnotism; too bad, her story starts to fall apart under investigation?
The 1790s is the Grimoire Decade, with the following works published: Anon., The Black Pullet (La Pule Noire); a grimoire (magician's handbook) written by a French officer in Napoleon's army who allegedly was taken by an old Turkish man into a pyramid and shown Ptolemy's ancient library. Anon., The Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses; a grimoire probably written in this decade or earlier, which becomes popular in Germany after an 1849 printing. Alibek the Egyptian, Grimorium Verum (The True Grimoire) (Grimoire of Truth) (Grimorium Verum); claims to be written in Memphis in 1517. Anon., The Grand Grimoire; another grimore claiming to be written in 1522 by "the Red Dragon"; both probably written in this decade or earlier.
In 1793 the South Place Religious Society in London, England is founded to promote Thomas Paine-style Freethought, becoming the oldest Freethought org. to survive to modern times; in 1864-85 Falmouth, Va.-born Unitarian minister Moncure Daniel Conway (Gael. "holy river") (1832-1907) becomes the leader; in 1888 it becomes the South Place Ethical Society under U.S.-born leader Stanton George Coit; in 1969 it becomes the South Place Humanist Society; in Nov. 2012 it becomes the Conway Hall Ethical Society.
In 1797 Edinburgh U. prof. of natural philosophy John Robison (1739-1805) pub. the internat. bestseller Proofs of a Conspiracy Against All the Religions and Governments of Europe, Carried On in the Secret Meetings of Free Masons, Illuminati, and Reading Societies, Collected from Good Authorities, which blames the French Rev. on the secret Masonic cell known as the Illuminati, run by Adam Weishaupt, which infiltrated the Freemasons, ramping up Illuminati conspiracy theorists till modern times.
On Oct. 24, 1798 George Washington writes a letter containing the soundbyte: "It was not my intention to doubt that, the Doctrines of the Illuminati, and principles of Jacobinism had not spread in the United States. On the contrary, no one is more truly satisfied of this fact than I am. The idea that I meant to convey, was, that I did not believe that the Lodges of Free Masons in this Country had, as Societies, endeavoured to propagate the diabolical tenets of the first, or pernicious principles of the latter (if they are susceptible of seperation) [sic]. That Individuals of them may... actually had a seperation [sic] of the People from their Government in view, is too evident to be questioned."
In 1800 German physician Franz Joseph (Josef) Gall (1758-1828) develops cranioscopy, the measurement of the skull, which is later renamed Phrenology by his student Johann Spurzheim (1776-1832), who also demonstrates the fibrous structure of the brain; too bad, phrenologists go too far and claim to know all about a person from the bumps on their noggin.
In 1800 Alessandro Volta (1745-1827) of Italy makes the shocking discovery of the Voltaic Pile; the first one is made of zinc and copper metal plates and wet cardboard soaked in salt solution, and he later substitutes silver for copper and cloth for cardboard to build bigger piles from which he can draw sparks and shocks, amazing the world and causing a sensation; in May W. Nicholson and A. Carlile use a voltaic pile to decompose water, observing oxygen appearing at one pile and hydrogen at the other, adding to the sensationalism with the idea that atoms are held together by electricity - and hence immortality is just around the corner? In 1818 London-born Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851) pub. the Gothic romance novel Frankenstein, about a mad scientist who makes a corpse live again via electricity; she got the idea while in a trance based on the writings of alchemists about creating a homunculus in a test tube, "a pale student of the unhallowed arts [grave-robbing] kneeling beside the thing he had put together"; "I beheld the wrath of the miserable monster whom I had created"; "I curse (although I curse myself) the hands that formed you" - could it have really been based on her hubby Percy's anatomy?
In 1803 German Roman Catholic mystic Karl von Eckartshausen (1752-1803) dies, leaving The Cloud upon the Sanctuary (Die Wolke uber dem Heiligtum), calling for the creation of the secret Council of Light, a body of living and dead mystics, which becomes a hit with occultists incl. the Order of the Golden Dawn.
In 1820 Hungarian philologist Alexander Csoma de Koros (Sandor Korosi Csoma) (1784-1842) travels to Ladakh, India, and begins studying the Tibetan language, moving to Zangla Monastery in Zanskar and becoming a Buddhist monk, and going on to pub. a dictionary in 1824, founding Tibetology and introducing Westerners to Buddhism.
On May 26, 1825 the Am. Unitarian Assoc. is founded; in 1961 it merges with the Universalist Church of Am. to form the Unitarian Universalist Assoc.
In 1826 Owston, Yorkshire-born English historian-antiquarian (Freemason) Godfrey Higgins (1772-1833) pub. Horae Sabbaticae, which recommends that the Sabbath remain a festival instead of a "gloomy" fast. In 1827 he pub. The Celtic Druids (3 vols.) (2nd ed. 1829); "An attempt to show that the druids were the priests of oriental colonies who emigrated from India, were the introducers of the First or Cadmean System of Letters, and the buildiers of Stonehenge, Carnac, and other Cyclopean works in Asia and Europe"; announces the preparation of an upcoming volume about "all the ancient Mythologies of the world, which, however varied, and corrupted in recent times, were originally one, and that one founded on principles sublime, beautiful and true", which becomes "Anacalypsis" (1836). In 1829 he pub. An Apology for the Life and Character of the Celebrated Prophet of Arabia Called Mohamed, or the Illustrious - now I know he's nuts? In 1836 he posth. pub. his magnum opus Anacalypsis, An Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis, or An Inquiry Into the Origin of Languages, Nations and Religions (2 vols.) (anacalypsis = opposite of apocalypse), an unfinished work on the history of religion that claims that the Druids and Jews originated in India, and that Abraham is really Brahma, and that there is a secret "pandeist" global movement.
On Sept. 22, 1827 everhard 22-y.-o. Sharon, Vt.-born blonde Elvis lookalike Joseph Smith Jr. (1805-44) (known for being "a great babbler, credulous, not especially industrious, a money digger, prone to the miraculous and withal a little given to difficulties with neighbors and petty law suits", plus a "glass-looker", which gets him into criminal trouble), who goes on treasure hunts around the area allegedly digs up ding-dong magic golden plates (8 in. x 6 in. x 6 in. = 200 lb.?) inscribed with "Reformed Egyptian Text" near his farm in Palmyra in W N.Y., after his 1819 First Vision, followed by an 1823 appearance of angel Moroni, who, having a pipeline to God had told him the true history of the American continent, how it was first colonized by the Lost Tribes of the Jews, then visited by fictional Bible figures incl. Jesus Christ, who gave them the true religion, after which there was a dreadful apostasy, causing their skin to darken as punishment (creating the Indians), and how now that his pure whiteness has arrived, he will become head of the one true, new and improved church and get all the worshipful, adoring white poontang he can shake his fork at as compensation, making everybody look like snack-and-seal Elvis?; of course, he has to endure a get-the-odors-out 4-year college-free worthiness quest before being permitted to graduate into the big leagues of come-hungry-leave-happy prophetdom? In June 1829 Elvis is in the House, er, Joseph Smith Jr. (1805-44) announces the completion of his lone gunman translation, using the magic Urim and Thummim, of his secret, jealously-guarded heavenly Sun, er, golden recordings, er, plates that he allegedly dug up near his farm in Sept. 1827 into what he titles The Book of Mormon (Mohican?); his daddy Col. Parker, er, Joseph Smith Sr. (1771-1840) and seven other real unbiased and reliable backwoodsmen sign the Testimony of the Eight Witnesses, claiming to see and handle the magic plates (which are later conveniently taken away by an angel), proving their existence to umpteen million morons over the next ? cents., when the crazy quilt cult folds its tent?; meanwhile Joseph's mommy Lucy Mack Smith (1775-1856) backs her son all the way, becoming the original Elvis mom as he seduces, er, lawfully and devoutly marries 28 wives?; the life and works of Joseph Smith are a copycat of Islam and Muhammad? On June 27, 1844 after polygamist Nauvoo, Ill. mayor Joseph Smith (b. 1805) runs for pres., he and his older brother Hyrum Smith are murdered in jail by a mob in Carthage, Ill.; Brigham Young becomes the head of the Mormon Church, and after a bunch of defections the Mormons abandon Ill. going west; in 1840 Smith uttered the soundbyte that when the U.S. Constitution hangs by a thread, Mormon elders will step in on a white horse and save the country, becoming a Mormon code phrase later used in 1855 by Brigham Young, and in 2010 by Glenn Beck.
In 1832 Horsham, Sussex-born spiritualist English surgeon Walter Cooper Dendy (1794-1871) (known for long sessions in the reading room of the British Museum in eccentric costume) pub. On the Phenomena of Dreams and Other Transient Illusions. In 1841 he pub. The Philosophy of Mystery, about dreams, spectral illusions et al. In 1853 he pub. Psyche: A Discourse on the Birth and Pilgrimage of Thought, which coins the term "psychotherapy" (psychotherapeia); "It is clear, therefore, that thought acts on organism, like a poison or a fate." In 1861 he pub. A Gleam of the Spirit Mystery.
In 1832 British explorer Brian Houghton Hodgson (1800-94) pub. his experiences in N Nepal incl. the first report of the Yeti, which he concludes is an orangutan - so, what do men do when the number's too low, turn it up? The term "Abominable Snowman" is coined in 1921.
In 1833 Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855) and Wilhelm Eduard Weber (1805-91) of Germany invent the Electromagnetic Telegraph, testing it up to 9K ft. In 1835 New York U. art prof. Samuel F.B. Morse (1791-1872) invents and demonstrates the Morse Electric Telegraph based on prior work of Germans Carl Friedrich Gauss and Wilhelm E. Weber; he and his associate Albert Vail (1807-59) build and test it in Speedwell Ironworks in Morristown, N.J.; in 1837 he exhibits it at the City College of New York, and invents Morse Code, which he can send at a shocking 10 words per min.; Morse and Maine Dem. rep. (1833-9) Francis Ormond Jonathan Smith (1806-76) lobby Congress for federal funding to build his telegraph system. Meanwhile in 1837 Sir William Fothergill Cooke (1806-79) and Sir Charles Wheatstone (1802-75) patent an electric telegraph that is widely used in Britain. It doesn't take long for spiritualists to come up with mental telegraphy, they're always taking advantage of the latest scientific advances to fill up their bank accounts.
On Sept. 8, 1836 the Transcendental (Hedge) Club is founded in Cambridge, Mass. by Unitarian minister Frederic(k) Henry Hedge (1805-90), meeting in the house of George Ripley (1802-80), and incl. members Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-82), Amos Bronson Alcott (1799-1888), Sarah Margaret Fuller (1810-50) (teacher at the Temple School in Boston, founded by Alcott in 1834 in a Masonic Temple, which ends up getting closed in 1839 after his eccentric methods and admission of a black student piss the parents off), Theodore Parker (1810-60) et al., all getting turned on by Thomas Carlyle and his fetish for German lit., and rebelling against Puritanism, prefering to dip into vague pantheism, mysticism, idealism, and eclectic orientalism in some kind of undefined effort to perfect themselves, creating funky laid-back new Transcendentalism, which believes in the goodness of man and Nature, and distrusts organized religion, promoting self-reliance.
In 1826 Owston, Yorkshire-born English historian-antiquarian (Freemason) Godfrey Higgins (1772-1833) pub. Horae Sabbaticae, which recommends that the Sabbath remain a festival instead of a "gloomy" fast. In 1827 he pub. The Celtic Druids (3 vols.) (2nd ed. 1829); "An attempt to show that the druids were the priests of oriental colonies who emigrated from India, were the introducers of the First or Cadmean System of Letters, and the buildiers of Stonehenge, Carnac, and other Cyclopean works in Asia and Europe"; announces the preparation of an upcoming volume about "all the ancient Mythologies of the world, which, however varied, and corrupted in recent times, were originally one, and that one founded on principles sublime, beautiful and true", which becomes "Anacalypsis" (1836). In 1829 he pub. An Apology for the Life and Character of the Celebrated Prophet of Arabia Called Mohamed, or the Illustrious - now I know he's nuts? In 1836 he posth. pub. his magnum opus Anacalypsis, An Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis, or An Inquiry Into the Origin of Languages, Nations and Religions (2 vols.) (anacalypsis = opposite of apocalypse), an unfinished work on the history of religion that claims that the Druids and Jews originated in India, and that Abraham is really Brahma, and that there is a secret "pandeist" global movement.
In 1838 Lebanon, N.H.-born Phineas Parkhurst Quimby (1802-66) attends the lectures of French mesmerist Charles Poyan in Belfast, Maine, and becomes a believer, going on to promote the mind as the basis of healing, with the soundbyte: "The trouble is in the mind, for the body is only the house for the mind to dwell in... Therefore, if your mind had been deceived by some invisible enemy into a belief, you have out into it the form of a disease, with or without your knowledge. By my theory or truth, I come in contact with your enemy, and restore you to health and happiness. This I do partly mentally, and partly by talking till I correct the wrong impression and establish the Truth, and the Truth is the cure." His student Warrent Felt Evans (1817-89) carries on after he dies, cranking out works on his system, starting with The Mental Cure: Illustrating the Influence of the Mind on the Body, Both in Health and Disease, and the Psychological Method of Treatment (1869). In 1963 the Quimby Memorial Library in Alamogordo, N.M. is founded by Neva Dell Hunter (-1978), a pioneer in Aura Balancing.
In 1840 English psychiatrist Forbes Benignus Winslow (1810-74) (descendant of Edward Winslow of Mayflower fame) pub. The Anatomy of Suicide, which claims that most suicides are victims of mental disease and not criminals. In 1843 he pub. The Plea of Insanity in Criminal Cases, followed in 1846 by The Incubation of Insanity, helping establish the plea of insanity in criminal cases. In 1847 he opens two lunatic asylums in Hammersmith, where he pioneers humane methods of treatment. In 1848 he founds the Quarterly Journal of Psychological Medicine (until 1864). In 1874 his psychiatrist son Lyttleton Stewart Forbes Winslow (1844-1913) takes over his asylums, pub. Spiritualistic Madness in 1877, which claims that spiritualism causes insanity, and stinking himself up by falsely accusing G. Wentworth Smith of Canada of being Jack the Ripper, becoming a suspect himself for a time.
On May 23, 1844 Shiite Siyyid 'Ali-Muhammad (1819-50) of Shiraz, Persia takes the title of Bab (Arab. "Gate") and announces the Declaration of the Bab, founding the Baha'i (Arab. "splendor") faith (Bahaism) in Persia, stressing universal brotherhood and equality, and forbidding slavery, polygamy, begging, and drinking alcohol; too bad, his claim that divine revelation flows through him gets him executed in Tabriz on July 9, 1850; his remains end up in a shrine on Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel; his successor is Mirza Husayn-Ali Nuri (Mírzá Husayn-`Alí Núrí) (1817-92), who flees to Baghdad in June 1851; on Aug. 15, 1852 a group of Bab followers attempts to assassinate the shah, resulting in riots against the Babi community and the imprisonment of many incl. him in Siyah-Chal (Black Pit) Prison in Tehran; after the assassin confesses that he wasn't in collusion with the leaders, and the Russian ambassador intervenes, he is released after 4 mo., and flees to Baghdad with his family on Apr. 8, 1853; on Apr. 21, 1863 he spends 12 days in the Garden of Ridvan near Baghdad, receiving his mission as a Messenger of God under the name Baha'ullah, founding the Baha'i Faith as separate from Babism; on Aug. 12, 1868 he and his family end up in a Turkish penal colony in Akka, Palestine; in 1879 he is allowed to live in the Mansion of Bahji outside Akka; he goes on to churn out tons of writings that reap new recruits; meanwhile French Aryan supremacist historian Count de Gobineau becomes their hero for obtaining the only complete ms. of the early history of the Babi religious movement written by the Bab. On May 29, 1892 Baha'u'llah (b. 1817) dies, and his eldest son ("the Master") Abdul-Baha (`Abdu'l-Bahá) (1844-1921) ("servant of the glory of God"), living in a Turkish penal colony in Acre, Palestine becomes leader of the Baha'i Faith (until Nov. 28, 1921); he is freed in 1908 - you're unbelievable? On Nov. 28, 1921 Abdul-Baha (b. 1844) dies in Akka, Palestine, and Shoghi Effendi Rabbani (1897-1957) becomes guardian #1 of the Baha'i Faith (until Nov. 4, 1957), presiding over its growth from 100K to 400K members. On Nov. 4, 1957 Bahai' guardian #1 (since 1921) Shoghi Effendi Rabbani (b. 1897) dies unexpectedly in London of influenza after failing to appoint a successor, causing the Hands of the Cause to elect nine Custodians; in 1963 the Universal House of Justice is elected.
When does a fashion statement make a bank statement? On Oct. 24, 1844 the followers of Pittsfield, Mass.-born Baptist preacher William Miller (1782-1849) begin to face the Great Disappointment of 1844 when the 2,300 Year-Days of Daniel 8:14 don't jive like they thought, and the world doesn't end with the Second Coming of Christ; never fear, in Dec. Maine-born Ellen Gould White (1827-1915) begins having the first of 2K personal visions, causing the true believers to regroup and form the Seventh-Day Adventists, who claim that Christ didn't make his Second Coming because he entered the Holy of Holies in the Heavenly Sanctuary to begin the Investigative Judgment, and that they should worship on Saturday not pagan Sunday - Sunday didn't work so why not go back to the Jewish sabbath? In 1888 she pub. The Great Controversy. In 1892 she pub. Steps to Christ - a mighty white Christ?
In 1847 after attending lectures on animal magnetism in 1843 and becoming a magnetic healer known as "the Poughkeepsie Seer", Blooming Grove, N.Y.-born Andrew Jackson Davis (1826-1910) pub. The Principles of Nature, Her Divine Revelations, and a Voice to Mankind, which he dictated in a trance to scribe William Fishbough. He goes on to pub. several more books, making fans of Edgar Allan Poe and Edgar Cayce.
On Mar. 31, 1848 the Fox Sisters, Leah Fox (1814-90), Margaret Fox (1836-93), and Katherine "Kate" Fox (1838-92) of Hydesville, N.Y. begin claiming that spirit rappings are coming out of their farmhouse in Hydesville, Arcadia (E of Rochester), N.Y. (guess where, the burned-over district of W. N.Y., home of Millerism and Mormonism), launching the Spiritualist Movement in the U.S., which attempts to communicate with dead spirits while raking in money from crowds of dupes; in 1888 after making fans of Horace Greeley, William Lloyd Garrison, James Fenimore Cooper, William Cullen Bryant, Sojourner Truth et al., they come clean, admitting that they caused the rappings themselves via trick joints which cause explosions in gas bubbles in synovial fluid, stinking the movement up bigtime, which doesn't stop it from reaching 8M followers by 1897 in the U.S. and Europe. By our day the world is too busy friending live people on Facebook to be into friending spirits from the grave?
In 1851 New York City-born mesmerist John Bovee Dods (1795-1872) pub. The Philosophy of Electrical Psychology, followed by Spirit Manifestations Examined and Explained: Judge Edmonds Refuted; or, An Exposition of the Involuntary Powers and Instincts of the Human Mind (1854), which claim that disease originates in the electrical impulses of the nervous system, and is curable by a change of belief.
In Mar. 1851 Currie, Scotland-born Daniel Dunglas Home (1833-86) (pr. like Hume) begins giving seances in Conn., becoming a celeb with his ability to levitate, speak with dead spirits, and produce rapping and knocking noises, gratefully accepting gifts; too bad, his gifts don't cure his TB, which he dies from.
In 1853 Free Church of Scotland minister Alexander Hislop (1807-65) pub. The Two Babylons, Or The Papal Worship Proved to Be the Worship of Nimrod and His Wife in Edinburgh, rocking the house with his apparently well-documented thesis that Roman Catholicism is based on Babylonian Paganism ultimately tracing back to the worship of Nimrod, that the Roman Catholic Church is the Whore of Babylon in the Bible Book of Revelation 17:5, and that "the Pope himself is truly and properly the lineal representative of Belshazzar"; the Christogram IHS = Isis, Horus, Seth?; becomes a hit with Protestants, who want to discard the pagan baggage, and with New Agers, who want to discard the Christianity and embrace the pagan baggage; too bad, the scholarship is full of holes, although the thesis as a whole seems on the right track, them fish head hats are a big giveaway.
In 1855 Paris-born occultist Eliphas Levi (Alphonse Louis Constant) (1810-75) pub. "Dogme de la Haute Magie", followed in 1856 by "Ritual de la Haute Magie", which are pub. together in 1896, and Arthur Edward Waite of England trans. in 1910 as Transcendental Magic: Its Doctrine and Ritual, expounding a magic system using Tarot cards that becomes popular with the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and Aleister Crowley; contains a famous drawing of Baphomet, with naked human breasts; the intro. to the 2nd ed. contains the famous soundbyte: "Behind the veil of all the hieratic and mystical allegories of ancient doctrines, behind the darkness and strange ordeals of all initiations, under the seal of all sacred writings, in the ruins of Nineveh or Thebes, on the crumbling stones of old temples and on the blackened visage of the Assyrian or Egyptian sphinx, in the monstrous or marvelous paintings which interpret to the faithful of India the inspired pages of the Vedas, in the cryptic emblems of our old books on alchemy, in the ceremonies practised at reception by all secret societies, there are found indications of a doctrine which is everywhere the same and everywhere carefully concealed."
In 1857-68 The Spiritist Codification (Pentateuch) (AKA The Five Fundamental Works of Spiritism) is pub. by Lyon-born French science teacher Allan Kardec (Hippolyte Leon Denizard Rivail) (1804-69), founding Spiritism.
In 1857 New York City-born Fitz Hugh (Fitzhugh) Ludlow (1836-70) pub. the bestseller The Hasheesh Eater, which contains the soundbyte: "Drugs are able to bring humans into the neighborhood of divine experience and can thus carry us up from our personal fate and the everyday circumstances of our life into a higher form of reality. It is, however, necessary to understand precisely what is meant by the use of drugs. We do not mean the purely physical craving... That of which we speak is something much higher, namely the knowledge of the possibility of the soul to enter into a lighter being, and to catch a glimpse of deeper insights and more magnificent visions of the beauty, truth, and the divine than we are normally able to spy through the cracks in our prison cell. But there are not many drugs which have the power of stilling such craving. The entire catalog, at least to the extent that research has thus far written it, may include only opium, hashish, and in rarer cases alcohol, which has enlightening effects only upon very particular characters."
The Book That Shook the World? Big year for Bible skeptics, secularists, atheistic scientists, anybody against the ancien regime, as Jehovah, the Source of Life Breathed Into Mud is challenged by Evolution, Mud Coming to Life by Itself After It Bubbles Long Enough? The biggest V for the Devil since Eden? The new 95 Theses, but Darwin is smart enough not to publish it on Halloween? On Nov. 24, 1859 (Thur.) English naturalist Charles Robert Darwin (1809-82) pub. On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection, Or, The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life; the 1st ed. sells out in 1 day; the 1872 6th ed. shortens the title to "The Origin of Species"; the decider, which causes evolutionary "survival of the fittest" theory to triumph among the intelligentsia; English Anglican minister and Cambridge U. prof. of modern history Charles Kingsley (1819-75), who received an advance copy on Nov. 18 writes that he had "long since, from watching the crossing of domesticated animals and plants, learnt to disbelieve the dogma of the permanence of the species", which Darwin adds to the next ed. of his book in a modified form: "He had gradually learned to see that it is just as noble a conception of the Deity to believe that He created a few original forms capable of self-development into other and needful forms, as to believe that He required a fresh act of creation to supply the voids caused by the action of His laws"; Darwin pub. it after spending eight years dissecting barnacles in his basement, then inexplicably switching to the Galapagos finch?; catches on first in Germany among atheists?; "If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down"; Louis Agassiz of the U.S. opposes Darwin, preferring a theory of "Epochs of Creation", based on the absence of missing links between layers of well-formed fossil ecosystems; the phrase "I'll be a monkey's uncle" is coined by Darwin skeptics; "There is a grandeur in this view of life that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved"; what was that about "my theory would absolutely break down" if anything is found that can't be explained by "numerous, successive, slight modifications"?; in practice Darwinism becomes a religion which denies that there is intelligent design in Nature, and therefore tries to deconstruct any evidence of it they find as they go along, yet clings to the notion of common descent, almost as if there was some original, er, accident, and ends up turning into a narrow naturalistic dogma by the end of the 20th cent., taking over U.S. and other Western educational systems with a chilling priesthood? In 1860 after failing to fit it into his Theory of Evolution, Darwin writes the immortal soundbyte: "The sight of a feather in a peacock's tail makes me sick." On Feb. 1, 1871 he writes a Letter to Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, with the soundbyte: "It is often said that all the conditions for the first production of a living organism are now present, which could ever have been present. But if (and oh! what a big if!) we could conceive in some warm little pond, with all sorts of ammonia and phosphoric salts, light, heat, electricity, &c., present, that a protein compound was chemically formed ready to undergo still more complex changes, at the present day such matter would be instantly absorbed, which would not have been the case before living creatures were found." In 1871 he pub. The Descent of Man; "The Simidae then branched off into two great stems, the New World and the Old World monkeys; and from the latter at a remote period, Man, the wonder and glory of the universe, proceeded"; "We civilized men... do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed, and the sick; we institute poor laws; and our medical men exert their utmost skill to save the life of everyone to the last moment... Thus the weak members of civilized societies propagate their kind. No one who has attended to the breeding of domestic animals will doubt that this must be highly injurious to the race of man. It is surprising how soon a want of care, or care wrongly directed, leads to the degeneration of a domestic race; but excepting in the case of man himself, hardly anyone is so ignorant as to allow his worst animals to breed"; "This is the book that contains the foundation in natural history for our view" (Marx to Engels); this book is later used by Eugenicists to justify euthanasia of misfits.
In 1859 Scottish writer Samuel Smiles (1812-1904) pub. the bestseller (250K copies) Self-Help, the first how-to-succeed manual? "Knowledge is of itself one of the highest enjoyments. The ignorant man passes through the world dead to all pleasures, save those of the senses... Every human being has a great mission to perform, noble faculties to cultivate, a vast destiny to accomplish. He should have the means of education, and of exerting freely all the powers of his godlike nature."
In 1859 Nottinghamshire, England-born John Taylor (1781-1864) pub. The Great Pyramid: Why Was It Built and Who Built It?, launching the pseudoscience of Pyramidology, the lantern is the clue; of course once you figure out the pyramid inch you can read all of mankind's history right up to Armageddon in stone, nobody's gonna die there's another way out through the treasure room.
In 1861-5 the horrific U.S. Civil War sees the invention of the first modern weapon when N.C.-born agricultural equipment maker Richard Jordan Gatling (1818-1903) patents the 10-barrel hand-cranked hundreds-of-rounds-per-min. Gatling Gun (the first practical machine gun) just in time for use on some Johnny Rebs; it is first used by the Union Army in 1864, but luckily never sees extensive use.
Stay tuned for scenes from one life to live? 1874 marks the year in which Christ's Second Presence (Second Advent) is due, according to Allegheny, Penn.-born Pastor Charles Taze Russell (1852-1916), author of the 7-vol. Studies in the Scriptures, 1879 founder of The Watchtower mag., and 1871 founder of the Internat. Bible Students, who in 1931 change their name to Jehovah's Witnesses, and go on to recruit millions of followers, incl. some celebs; when a Bible-based Armageddon prediction goes wrong, there is always a shakeup in the org., after which they regroup and make new predictions, because after all, the Bible is still telling them that there will be one; luckily by the 1980s they officially give up Big A predictions, claiming that only God knows the exact time. No, they don't claim to be New Agers, but despite a lame coverup attempt everybody knows that Russell was a 33rd degree Freemason into Pyramidology etc., who wants to go down the creepy tunnel inside the tomb first. Since JWs aren't supposed to join the govt. or fight in the military, 5-Star Gen. and U.S. Pres. Dwight David Eisenhower's Jehovah's Witness upbringing was covered-up.
Science + fiction + religion = the key to what's in your wallet? In 1875 Bow, N.H.-born Mary Baker Glover Eddy (1821-1910), student of Phineas Quimby pub. Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. In 1898 she founds the Christian Science Pub. Society in Boston, Mass. as the pub. arm of the First Church of Christ, Scientist. In 1907 Am. humorist Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) (1835-1910) pub. Christian Science, dedicated to Mary Baker Eddy, "queen of frauds and hypocrites", who claims that pain, sickness and death don't exist, causing Eddy to found her own pub., the Christian Science Monitor in 1908. "Nothing is real and eternal, - nothing is Spirit, - but God and His idea. Evil has no reality. It is neither person, place, nor thing, but is simply a belief, an illusion of material sense"; "Human philosophy has made God manlike. Christian Science makes man Godlike. The first is error; the latter is truth. Metaphysics is above physics, and matter does not enter into metaphysical premises or conclusions. The categories of metaphysics rest on one basis, the divine Mind"; "Since God is All, there is no room for His unlikeness. God, Spirit, alone created all, and called it good. Therefore evil, being contrary to good, is unreal, and cannot be the product of God"; The word Adam is from the Hebrew adamah, the red color of the ground... Divide the name into two syllables, and it reads, a dam, or obstruction... a dam is not a mere play upon words; it stands for obstruction, error, even the supposed separation of man from God, and the obstacle which the serpent, sin, would impose between man and his creator"; "The floral apostles are hieroglyphs of Diety"; "For twelve years... I had been under the care of a physician much of the time... I was healed through reading... Mrs. Eddy. It was a clear case of transformation of the body by the renewal of the mind" (J.M.H., Omaha, Neb.) - all is Mind, except money, that's figures in my bank statement?
In Nov. 1875 Russian-born Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-91), Irish-born William Quan Judge (1851-96) and Orange, N.J.-born Henry Steel Olcott (1832-1907) (first well-known person of Euro ancestry to convert to Buddhism) found the Theosophical Society in New York City for the "study and elucidation of Occultism, the Cabala etc.", founding a branch in Bombay, India in 1879, and another in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) in 1880; Blavatsky begins wowing audiences with demonstrations of psychic phenomena, until the Society for Psychical Research exposes her as a fraud in 1884?; Blavatsky popularizes Past Life Regression; Olcott's disciple Anagarika ("homeless one") Dharmapala ("protector of the dharma") (1864-1933) goes on to revive Buddhism in Sri Lanka and India, and combine it with nationalism. In 1877 Blavatsky pub. Isis Unveiled: A Master-Key to the Mysteries of Ancient and Modern Science and Theology, claiming to receive her revelations from the Mahatmas or Masters of the Hidden Brotherhood, knocking Science and organized religion, calling the Devil a myth, and comparing Christianity unfavorably with Buddhism. In 1889 she pub. The Voice of the Silence (The Book of the Golden Precepts); "The Mind is the great Slayer of the Real. Let the Disciple slay the Slayer." Too bad, Blavatsky also promotes the existence of the lost continent of Lemuria, home of the 7'-tall hermaphroditic egg-laying spiritually-advanced Third Root Race, which was superseded by the Fourth Root Race of Atlantis. For this view she drew upon the work of pioneering Jersey-born Mayanist photographer Augustus le Plongeon (1825-1908), who studied ancient Mayan ruins and erroneously claimed they are ancestral to Ancient Egypt.
On May 15, 1876 after his study of Immanuel Kant at the U. of Heidelberg gets him thrown out of rabbi school, Alzey, Germany-born Felix Adler (1851-1933) gives a lecture on the need for a religion without the trappings of religion or creed that unites all of humanity in moral social action, and next Feb. founds the New York Society for Ethical Culture in New York City, launching the Ethical Culture Movement, a humanist church without doctrine, with the motto "Deed, not creed", with its own "Leaders" who perform naming ceremonies and marriages. In 1888 his Columbus, Ohio-born aide Stanton George Coit (1857-1944) moves to London, England, turning the South Place Religious Society into the South Place Ethical Society, and lobbying for reform of the Church of England.
In 1877 English feminist Freethinker Annie Besant (1847-1933) and notorious crusading English atheist secularist Charles Bradlaugh (1833-91) are prosecuted for repub. the birth control-promoting book The Fruits of Philosophy (1831) by Mass. atheist physician Charles Knowlton (1800-50), making them famous and helping Bradlaugh become a MP for Northampton in 1880-91, the sales of the book zooming to 125K a year, reversing British pop. growth. In 1890 Besant meets Madame Blavatsky, and in 1907 becomes pres. of the Theosophical Society, going on to work for Indian independence, writing under the alias Ajax. In 1912 Besant pub. Initiation: The Perfecting of Man.
In 1880 after meeting Madame Blavatsky in his homes in Allahabad and Simla and becoming a Theosophist, London-born London U. scholar Alfred Percy Sinnett (1840-1921) begins receiving the Mahatma Letters (1880-4) from Koot Hoomi and Morya, which later cloud the reputation of Madame Blavatsky when some claim she really wrote them. In 1881 he pub. The Occult World (3rd ed. 1883), followed by Esoteric Buddhism (1883), which describes the concept of Root Race, which is adopted by Madame Blavatsky for "The Secret Doctrine" (1888), Karma: A Novel (1885), Incidents in the Life of Madame Blavatsky: Compiled from Information Supplied by Her Relatives and Friends (1886), The Rationale of Mesmerism (1892), The Growth of the Soul (1896), Occult Essays (1905), In the Next World: Actual Narratives of Personal Experiences by Some Who Have Passed On (1914), The Spiritual Powers of the War (1915), Unseen Aspects of the War: Two Articles (1916), Super-Physical Science (1919), Tennyson an Occultist, As His Writings Prove (1920), and The Early Days of Theosophy in Europe (1922) (posth.).
Scientists turn into intellectual whores when they visit mediums in an emotion-charged search for proof of the triple-axel-pyramidal trick of life after death? In 1882 now that the stage has been set by the demise of organized religion and the rise of organized science, Utilitarian philosopher Henry Sidgwick (1838-1901), glib classicist Frederic William Henry Myers (1843-1901) (coiner of the term "telepathy") et al. found the Society for Psychical Research in London England, giving a second chance for the boys who decided to get out of show business; Mark Twain (1835-1910), who had a recurring dream about his brother's death for 25 years joins; Darwin's co-author Alfred Russel Wallace gets interested in spiritualism as a way to put a moral force into godless evolution and has a seance given by Scottish-born Conn. spiritual celeb Daniel Dunglas Home (1833-86), which shakes him up, although Robert Browning mocks him in his 1864 poem Mr. Sludge, the Medium; Boston housewife Leonora Piper (1857-1950) becomes a superstar medium, convincing Am. psychologist William James, British physicist Sir Oliver Lodge, and Australian psychical researcher Richard Hodgson (1855-1905), who spies on her during a 1888 blizzard in an attempt to expose her as a fraud, but is won over by a spiritual visit of a deceased friend; in 1900 Frederic Myers is convinced by new British medium Rosina Thompson (1868-?), who brings up the spirit of his dead lover Annie, embarrassing his wife, then accurately predicts his death within a year - first godless evolution, then a feeling of emptiness, and back to the old pagan demons, all within 30 years?
In 1882 Philly-born populist politician Ignatius Loyola Donnelly (1831-1901) ("Greatest Failure Who Ever Lived") ("Prince of Cranks") ("Apostle of Discontent") ("Sage of Nininger") pub. Atlantis: The Antediluvian World, claiming to prove that all known civilizations descended from it.
In 1882 Mohicanville, Ohio-born dentist (vegan) John Ballou Newbrough (1828-91) pub. Oahspe: A New Bible, produced via automatic writing, telling how "aliens" or "angels" traveled in "fire-ships" to transplant animals, plants, and humans through the Universe and revealed the name of "Jehovih"; in 1884 he founds the "Faithist" colony of Shalam in Las Cruces, N.M., which houses orphaned city children in a 20-room house built in 1890; it folds in 1901.
In 1884 the Am. Society for Psychical Research is founded in Boston, Mass., with New York City-born psychologist William James (1842-1910) (brother of novelist Henry James) as pres. #1. In 1902 he pub. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature, proposing a pragmatist view of religion independent of its origins, and drawing a distinction between symbols and reality, taking over the academic mainstream, causing Time mag. in 1963 to print the soundbyte: "In making little allowance for the fact that people can also be converted to vicious creeds, he acquired admirers he would have deplored. Mussolini, for instance, hailed James as a preceptor who had showed him that 'an action should be judged by its result rather than by its doctrinary basis'."
In 1887 the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn is founded in England by three former Rosicrucians and Freemasons, attracting many scholarly eccentric celebs to its ranks incl. poets W.B. Yeats and Dion Fortune, writers Arthur Machen and Algernon Blackwood, and actress Florence Farr; black magic adept Aleister Crowley also joins, until he is expelled for being too serious, the rest preferring their magic white - if not their meat? In 1900 there is a scandal, causing the order to split into the Rosicrucian Order of Alpha et Omega (A.O.) and the Hermetic Society of the Morgenrothe, which schisms into the Stella Matutina (Morning Star), the Fellowship of the Rosy Cross, founded by Arthur Edward Waite (1874-1942) (creator of the Rider-Waite Tarot Deck), and the Society (Fraternity) of the Inner Light, which in 1965 spawns the Servants of the Light. In 1904 Waite's foe, Warwickshire, England-born bi drug addict Aleister (Edward Alexander) Crowley (1875-1947) (pr. CROW-lee), whose parents were Plymouth Brethren, who was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge U., who went mystic in 1896, and gay on Jan. 1, 1897, claiming to be the reincarnation of Eliphas Levi (1810-75), who died 6 mo. before he was born is allegedly contacted by his guardian angel Aiwass in Egypt, who gives him The Book of the Law, from which he develops his libertinist philosophy of Thelema, with the motto "Do What Thou Wilt", practicing black magic and becoming known as "the wickedest man in the world". In Jan.-Mar. 1946 after future Scientology founder Lafayette Ronald (L. Ron) Hubbard (1911-86) (AKA LHR) moved in Aug. into the Pasadena, Calif. mansion of Los Angeles, Calif.-born chemist John "Jack" (Marvel) Whiteside Parsons (1914-52), cofounder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and fellow disciple of the Thelema of English black magic practitioner ("the wickedest man in the world") Aleister (Edward Alexander) Crowley (1875-1947), (who runs Ordo Templi Orientis (O.D.O.), which has a branch in Pasadena), and Parsons began masturbating onto magic tablets in the desert in Dec. to bring about the incarnation of Thelemite goddess Babalon onto Earth, Parsons unsuccessfully attempts to father a Moonchild with his new wife, Belle Plaine, Iowa-born redhead Marjorie Cameron (1922-95) while performing the Babalon Working rituals along with Hubbard in an attempt to manifest the archetypal divine femine called Babalon; the Parsons mansion is next door to the estate of beer king Adolphus Busch; in 1945 Hubbard meets Pasadena, Calif.-born Crowley follower and ex-lover of Parsons Sara Elizabeth Bruce Northrup Hollister (1924-97) (sister of Jack's wife Helen Hollister), whom Crowley calls a "vampire" for her disruptiveness, eloping in 1946 while he is still married to first wife Margaret Grubb, after which they latch onto a substantial amount of Parsons' life savings, causing him to go into a tailspin, declaring himself the Antichrist in 1949 and dying in a home lab explosion on June 17, 1952 after being investigated by the FBI for espionage for consulting for the Israeli rocket program and losing his defense contracts, causing allegations of a govt. hit; Sara goes on to help her hubby develop Dianetics, becoming his personal auditor until he turns on her and begins harassing her, causing her to leave him for his employee Miles Hollister in 1951 and move to Hawaii; on Dec. 1, 1947 Aleister Crowley (b. 1875) dies in Hastings, East Sussex, England, deeply affecting L. Ron Hubbard, who decides to "take over the mantle of the Beast", according to his son Lafayette Ronald Hubbard Jr. AKA Ronald DeWolf (1934-91), who adds: "My father did not worship Satan. He thought he was Satan."
In 1887 Portland, Maine-born Julius A. Dresser (1838-93) pub. The True History of Mental Science, accusing Mary Baker Eddy of stealing Phineas Quimby's ideas, and claiming that he formalized the New Thought movement and promoted it nationally. After suing Eddy in the 1890s and losing, his wife Annetta Seabury and son Horatio continue with the crusade. In 1921 Horatio Willis Dresser (1866-1954) pub. The Quimby Manuscripts.
In 1887 British civil servant Arthur Lillie (1831-?) pub. Buddhism in Christendom, or Jesus the Essene; "At any rate the account of the last supper in the Gospel of the Hebrews was manifestly quite different from the accounts given in our present gospels. There we see nothing about James drinking out of Christ's cup, a fact which proves that the contents of the cup must have been water, for St. James was bound by the vow of the Nazarite to drink water for life." In 1893 he pub. The Influence of Buddhism on Primitive Christianity, which pisses-off Albert Schweitzer, who calls it "among the fictitious works on the life of Jesus." While Lillie's works were amateurish, in 1902 English scholar Albert Joseph Edmunds (1857-1941) pub. Buddhist and Christian Gospels (2 vols.), listing parallel texts, which becomes a std. work.
In 1888 French Freemasons Pierre-Augustin Chaboseau (1868-1946) and Papus (Gerard Encausse) (1865-1916) launch the mystical philosophy of Martinism, based on the writings of Louis Claude de Saint-Martin (1743-1803) (AKA Le Philosophe Inconnu or The Unknown Philosopher), which views Christ as "the Repairer" who enables believers to regain their perfect state in the Garden of Eden before the Fall; their lodges open meetings by invoking "Yeheshuah", the Tetragrammaton, and the Hebrew letter Shin.
In 1888 Mary Baker Eddy's Killingly, Conn.-born student and rival Emma Curtis Hopkins (1849-1925) pub. High Mysticism, expanding Eddy's male supremacist Christian system to call God both Father and Mother and open up to Eastern religions, going on to become "the teacher of teachers", with students incl. Malinda Elliott Cramer (1844-1906), founder of the Church of Divine Science in 1888 in San Francisco, Calif., Charles Sherlock Fillmore (1854-1948) and Mary Caroline "Myrtle" Page Fillmore (1845-1931), founders of Unity (Unity Church) in 1889 in Kansas City, Mo., Harriet Emilie Cady (1848-1941), author of the bestseller (1.6M copies) Lessons in Truth: A Course of Twelve Lessons in Practical Christianity (1896), Annie Rix Militz (1856-1924), founder of Home of Truth in 1905 in Alameda, Calif., which promotes the teachings of Swami Vivekananda, William Walker Atkinson (1862-1932), author of Thought Vibration or the Law of Attraction in the Thought World (1906), and Ernest Shurtleff Holmes (1887-1960), founder of the Inst. of Religious Science in 1927 in Los Angeles, Calif., and the Centers for Spiritual Living (CSL) in 1949; in Oct. 1927 Holmes launches the periodical Science of Mind (original title "Religious Science"), with the motto "Seek to promote that universal consciousness of life which binds all together in one great Whole."
The first year people have the AC-DC option? In 1888 Serbian-born lone wolf inventor Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) of the U.S. invents the Alternating Current (AC) Electric Motor, which is manufactured by George Westinghouse; Thomas Edison, a DC man, facetiously bet him he couldn't do it, and then reneged on a $25 a week raise in 1885, causing a lifelong grudge? On June 21, 1891 Nikola Tesla first demonstrates alternating current for commercial use at the Ames Power Plant in Colo. between Silverton and Telluride; on July 30, 1891 he is granted U.S. citizenship. In 1898 he demonstrates a radio-controlled boat called the teleautomaton. In 1899 he builds a weird funky lab in Colo. Springs to develop wireless transmission of electrical power using Tesla Coils, which he abandons in 1900 after all kinds of weird accidents cause rumors to spread. He ends up dying broke; electrifying conspiracy rumors about suppressed inventions incl. anti-gravity flying machines fly around to modern times. He leaves the soundbytes: "When wireless is fully applied, the Earth will be converted into a huge brain, capable of response in every one of its parts"; "To me, the Universe is simply a great machine which never came into being and never will end. The human being is no exception to the natural order. Man, like the Universe, is a machine."
In 1889 after being turned-on by Alfred Percy Sinnett's "Esoteric Buddhism" (1883) and joining her Theosophical Society in 1884, Peckham, Surrey-born English scholar G.R.S. (George Robert Stowe) Mead (1863-1933) becomes Madame Blavatsky's private secy., going on to be a pioneer in Gnostic and Hermetic studies. In 1892 he pub. Simon Magus, followed by Pistis Sophia (1896) (2nd ed. 1921), Fragments of a Faith Forgotten (1900), Apollonius of Tyana (1901), Did Jesus Live 100 B.C.? An Enquiry into the Talmud Jesus Stories, the Toldoth Jeschu, and Some Curious Statements of Epiphanus - Being a Contribution to the Study of Christian Origins (1903), Thrice-Greatest Hermes (3 vols.) (1906), The Gnosis of the Mind (1906), and Gnostic John the Baptizer: Selections from the Mandaean John-Book (1924).
In 1889 Sag Harbor, N.Y.-born humorist Prentice Mulford (1834-91) pub. the popular book Thoughts Are Things, helping to launch the New Thought movement; it contains the soundbyte: "'To thine own self be true' is an oft-uttered adage. But to which self? The higher or lower?"
On May 28, 1890 Md. atty. Elijah Jefferson Bond (1847-1921) files for a U.S. patent on the Ouija Board, which is granted on Feb. 10, 1891; in 1907 he founds the Swastika Novelty Co., with the word "Nirvana" trademarked; at first it's marketed in novelty shops. The original Patsy Ramsey? On July 8, 1913 Pearl Lenore Curran (1883-1937) (Mrs. J.H. Curran) of St. Louis, Mo. attends a seance, and her hand on the Ouija Board traces out the name Patience Worth, who tells of her birth in Dorset, England in the late 17th cent., followed by emigration to America and eventual death at the hands of an Indian war party; she follows the act with a series of historical novels, sometimes writing two simultaneously with different hands, incl. The Sorry Tale (about Christ), Hope Trueblood (19th cent. Victorian tale), and her big hit Telka: An Idyl of Medieval England, a play written in medieval English. Ever since, the Ouija Board is used by Spiritualists as the Twitter of the Occult.
In Apr. 1890 the Thunderbird, an enormous flying creature with the body of a serpent, a 160-ft. wingspan, two clawed feet, and the face of an alligator is allegedly sighted by two cowboys in the Ariz. desert, who allegedly shoot and kill it, cut off a piece of the wing and bring it to Tombstone, Ariz., where the Tombstone Epigraph pub. an article about it in their Apr. 1892 issue - a hoax?
In 1890-1936 Scottish anthropologist Sir James George Frazer (1854-1941) pub. The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion (13 vols.), about ancient myths, cults, and rites, and their parallels to Christianity, becoming a gold mine for anthropologists and archeologists; "In this sacred grove there grew a certain tree round which at any time of the day, and probably far into the night, a grim figure might be seen to prowl. In his hand he carried a drawn sword, and he kept peering warily about him as if at every instance he expected to be set upon by an enemy. He was a priest and a murderer; and the man for whom he looked was sooner or later to murder him and hold the priesthood in his stead. Such was the rule of the sanctuary" (of Diana Nemorensis AKA Diana of the Wood in the Alban Hills SE of Rome).
On Sept. 11-27, 1893 the seminal Parliament of World Religions in Chicago, Ill. sees Hindu guru Swami Vivekananda (Narendra Nath Datta) (1863-1902) give an inspiring speech on the opening day starting with "Sisters and Brothers of America", introducing Hinduism and the philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western World.
In 1894 the Church of the Higher Life in Boston, Mass. is founded by Helen Van Anderson, becoming the first regular New Thought org.
In 1894 failed N.H.-born hotel owner Orison Swett Marden (1850-1924) pub. the New Thought book Pushing to the Front, or Success Under Difficulties, which becomes the biggest bestseller to date in personal development despite (because of?) a depression, with fans incl. Thomas Edison, Harvey Firestone, Henry Ford, and J.P. Morgan; "go-at-it-veness" and "stick-to-it-iveness"; "The world makes way for a determined man."
In 1897 Watkins Books in London is founded by Madame Blavatsky's friend John M. Watkins; it goes on to pub. the Watkins' Spiritual 100 List.
In 1898 Elizabeth Towne (1865-1960) of Holyoke, Mass. begin pub. The Nautilus: A Journal of New Thought (until Aug. 1953), popularizing New Thought, incl. articles by Kate Atkinson Boehme who in 1918 pub. New Thought Healing Made Plain.
In 1899 Berlin-born German philosopher-psychologist Max Dessoir (1867-1947) coins the term Parapsychology for Psychical Research and Psi Phenomena.
In 1899 Philadelphia, Penn.-born Charles Godfrey Leland (1824-1903) pub. Aradia, or The Gospel of the Witches, which becomes a hit with Wiccans and neopagans. In the 1980s Italian-Am. writer Raven Grimassi (1951-) uses it to promulgate Stregheria (La Vecchia Religione) (The Old Religion).
In 1900 Monte Verita (Veritŕ) (Hill of Truth) in Ascona, Switzerland is founded as a cooperative vegetarian communist colony, which later gets into the New Age Movement.
In 1901 English-born Canadian psychiatrist Richard Maurice Bucke (1837-1902) pub. Cosmic Consciousness: A Study in the Evolution of the Human Mind, about his personal experience in 1872 in London, expanding to a gen. theory "that the universe is so built and ordered that without any peradventure all things work together for the good of each and all, that the foundation principle of the world is what we call love and that the happiness of every one is in the long run absolutely certain."
In 1901 Hopkinsville, Ky.-born Disciples of Christ member Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) begins giving readings, becoming popular and launching the New Age Movement in the U.S., with fans incl. Irving Berlin, Thomas Edison, George Gershwin, and Woodrow Wilson. In 1931 he founds the Assoc. for Research and Enlightenment in Virginia Beach, Va.
Am. physician Duncan "Om" MacDougall (1866-1920) of Haverhill, Mass. weighs six dying people and concludes that the soul weighs 21g.
In 1901-3 Pippin, Wisc.-born New Thought leader Grace Mann Brown (1859-1925) pub. Studies in Spiritual Harmony, going on to found the Modern Society of the Essenes: Essene Circle.
In 1902 Leicester, England-born New Thought writer James Allen (1864-1912) pub. As a Man Thinketh, inspired by Proverbs 23:7 ("As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he"), which opens with: "Mind is the Master power that moulds and makes,/ And Man is Mind, and evermore he takes/ The tool of Thought, and, shaping what he wills,/ Brings forth a thousand joys, a thousand ills: —/ He thinks in secret, and it comes to pass:/ Environment is but his looking-glass." It contains the soundbytes: "Men do not attract what they want, but what they are"; "Every action and feeling is preceded by a thought"; "Right thinking begins with the words we say to ourselves"; "Circumstance does not make the man, it reveals him to himself"; "The soul attracts that which it secretly harbors, that which it loves, and also that which it fears. It reaches the height of its cherished aspirations. It falls to the level of its unchastened desires - and circumstances are the means by which the soul receives its own"; "Every man is where he is by the law of his being; the thoughts which he has built into his character have brought him there, and in the arrangement of his life there is no element of chance, but all is the result of a law which cannot err."
On Oct. 5, 1903 (night) the small town (1K pop.) of Van Meter, Iowa is terrorized by a giant bat-like creature from an old abandoned mine; it reappears for two more nights than is never seen again.
In 1904 British judge (in India) Thomas Troward (1847-1916) gives the Edinburgh Lectures on Mental Science, which are pub. in 1909 and become popular with members of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). In 1921 his student Genevieve Behrend pub. Your Invisible Power, which incl. the chapter "How I Attracted to Myself 20,000 Dollars".
In 1905 Jersey-born Am. psychic phenomena investigator Hereward Carrington (Hubert Lavington) (1880-1958) joins the staff of the Am. Society for Psychical Research. In 1907 he pub. The Psychical Phenomena of Spiritualism, Fradulent and Genuine. In 1909 he pub. Eusapia Palladino and Her Phenomena, about Italian medium Eusepia Palladino (1854-1918), in which he claims she is genuine, but after inviting her to the U.S. he is shaken when fraud is detected twice at her sittings and she is discredited, which doesn't stop him from hoping. In 1927 Sylvan Muldoon (1903-69) of the U.S. contacts him to tell him about his out-of-body-experiences, going on to pub. The Projection of the Astral Body together in 1929, pioneering astral projection research. In 1957 after decades of trust-me-I-know-what-I'm-doing research he pub. The Case for Psychic Survival, in which he claims his career investigating them has proved "the existence of mental entities independent of the control of the medium".
Every time I tried to tell you the words just came out wrong, so I had to tell you in a relativistic song? In 1905 while working in the Swiss Patent Office in Bern, Austrian-born Jewish physicist Albert Einstein (1879-1955) has his Miracle Year of 1905, publishing five theoretical physics papers in Annalen der Physik, three of which are key to the development of 20th cent. physics: on the photoelectric effect (going beyond Planck to explain aborption as well as emission of radiation, and deriving the famous equation E = M * C^2, which goes beyond Maxwell and Planck, who showed how energy can be described by Fourier waveforms, and suggests that matter and energy are waveforms that can be mutually transformed), on statistical mechanics, and on the Special Theory of Relativity, which suggests abandoning the idea of absolute time and space by turning the speed (distance of travel divided by elapsed time) of light upside down as the real absolute (which, like Newton's theory, becomes a religious and political lost-shaker-of-salt hot potato because of its revolutionary social implications to some deep thinkers?); he also pub. a theoretical explanation of Brownian motion in terms of atoms, which is experimentally verified by French physicist Jean Baptiste Perrin, ending the dispute over John Dalton's atomic theory; for the next five years few read or respond to the articles, until one day the great man himself, Max Planck becomes a groupie and invites him into the club, launching Lazy Eye's meteoric rise through Zurich U., Berlin, his Nobel (for the photoelectric effect, not relativity), and soon I've been everywhere, man, but I still haven't found what I'm looking for, a Unified Field Theory, AKA the Theory of Everything, a set of five equations attempting to unify electromagnetism and gravity, which he pub. in 1954. In 1950 he pub. General Field Theory; "Time and space and gravitation have no separate existence from matter"; "Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended (as fields). In this way the concept 'empty space' loses its meaning... The field thus becomes an irreducible element of physical description, irreducible in the same sense as the concept of matter (particles) in the theory of Newton... The physical reality of space is represented by a field whose components are continuous functions of four independent variables - the co-ordinates of space and time. Since the theory of general relativity implies the representation of physical reality by a continuous field, the concept of particles or material points cannot play a fundamental part, nor can the concept of motion. The particle can only appear as a limited region in space in which the field strength or the energy density are particularly high."
In 1907 Ga.-born Father Divine (Rev. Major Jealous Divine) (George Baker Jr.) (1876-1965) begins his ministry as "the Messenger", claiming to be God and founding the Internat. Peace Mission in New York City, relocating to Philly in 1942.
In 1907 Chichester, West Sussex-born military historian British Army Maj.-Gen. John Frederick Charles "Boney" Fuller (1878-1966), a military strategist who pioneered tank warfare, invented artificial moonlight, was the most decorated British Army soldier of WWI, while at the same time was an occultist and disciple of black magic man Aleister Crowley pub. his first book The Star in the West: A Critical Essay Upon the Works of Aleister Crowley, followed by Yoga: A Study of the Mystical Philosophy of the Brahmins and Buddhists (1925), Atlantis, America and the Future (1925), which claims that the gods of Atlantis control the future of the New World, and Pegasus (1926). He follows with The Dragon's Teeth: A Study of War and Peace (1932), Memoirs of an Unconventional Soldier (autobio.) (1936), and The Secret Wisdom of the Qabalah: A Study in Jewish Mystical Thought (1937).
In 1907 Watertown, N.Y.-born Frank Channing Haddock (1853-1915) begin pub. his 7-vol. The Power-Book Library, which emphasizes the secular side of New Thought, starting with The Power of Will: A Practical Companion-Book for Unfoldment of Selfhood Through Direct Personal Culture.
In 1908 Bellville, Ohio-born Levi H. Dowling (1844-1911) pub. The Aquarian Gospel of Jesus, the Christ of the Piscean Age, telling about the 18 missing years of Jesus' life when he allegedly travelled to Egypt, Greece, Assyria, Persia, India, and Tibet, spawning the Aquarian Christine Church Universal (ACCU).
Also in 1908 The Kybalion: Hermetic Philosophy is anon. pub. by the Yogi Pub. Society, claiming to be the essence of the teachings of Hermes Trismegistus.
In Apr. 1909 English single vegetarian Theosophical Society leader (ex-Anglican priest) Charles Webster Leadbeater (1854-1934) (who resigned in 1906 for teaching boys to beat their meat, er, masturbate as a way to remain chaste, and is readmitted in early 1909 after Olcott's death, causing 150 members incl. G.R.S. Mead to walk out and found the Quest Society) discovers Telugu-speaking Brahmin teenie Jiddu Krishnamurti (1895-1986) on a beach on the Adyar River near the HQ of the Theosophical Society in Madras, becoming amazed by the "most wonderful aura he had ever seen, without a particle of selfishness in it". Leadbeater and Annie Besant groom him to become the long-awaited Master, er, World Teacher under the name Alcyone, forming the worldwide Order of the Star in the East (OSE) to support him. On Aug. 17, 1922 he begins going through a life-changing experience he calls the Process at Ojai, Calif. Too bad, on Nov. 13, 1925 his beloved brother Nitya dies in Ojai of TB and influenza, shaking his belief, and he disavows the idea of being the World Teacher and dissolves the org. on Aug. 3, 1929, going solo, forming a friendship with Aldous Huxley in 1938, and writing The First and Last Freedom (1954), The Only Revolution (1969), Krishnamurti's Notebook (1976) et al. In 1929/80 he issues the Core of the Teachings, incl. "Truth is a pathless land. Man cannot come to it through any organization, through any creed, through any dogma, priest or ritual, nor through any philosophical knowledge or psychological technique. He has to find it through the mirror of relationship, through the understanding of the contents of his own mind, through observation, and not through intellectual analysis or introspective dissection." In 1925 Leadbeater pub. The Masters and the Path, in which he uses the term Great White Brotherhood for the Ascended Masters.
In 1910 Vadodara, Gujarat-born Indian Sufi musician Inayat Khan (1882-1927) comes to the West, marrying Ora Ray Baker from N.M. and settling in Suresnes near Paris, founding the Sufi Order of the West in London in 1914. In 1923 he founds the Internat. Sufi Movement. "I have known good and evil,/ Sin and virtue, right and wrong;/ I have judged and been judged;/ I have passed through birth and death,/ Joy and sorrow, heaven and hell;/ And in the end I realized/ That I am in everything/ And everything is in me."
In 1910-13 British mathematician-philosophers Bertrand Athur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell (1872-1970) and Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) pub. Principia Mathematica, which attempts to reduce arithmetic to logic, founding the calculus of propositions and modern symbolic logic, becoming king locomotive of the county until Godel's Theorem derails them? In 1929 Whitehead pub. Process and Reality, claiming that process and growth are the fundamental ideas leading us to understand the world; "We diverge from Descartes by holding that what he has described as primary attributes of physical bodies, are really the forms of internal relationships between actual occasions. Such a change of thought is the shift from materialism to Organic Realism, as a basic idea of physical science"; "The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato."
In 1910 Ill.-born Wallace Delois Wattles (1860-1911) pub. The Science of Getting Rich, a New Thought book about "the Certain Way of Thinking", which stays in print for decades and later inspires Rhonda Byrne (1951-).
In 1911 English psychologist William McDougall (1871-1938), founder of Hormic (Gr. "horme" = impulse) Psychology, which claims that behavior is goal-oriented and purposive pub. Body and Mind: A History and Defence of Animism, which claims that all matter has a mental aspect and that the mind (which is distinct from the brain) guides evolution; he also claims that telepathy has been scientifically proven, becoming pres. of the Society for Psychical Research in 1920, and the Am. Society for Psychical Research in 1921, helping J.B. Rhine establish the Parapsychology Laboratory at Duke U. in 1927.
In 1912 Ann Arbor, Mich.-born Charles Francis Haanel (1866-1949) pub. the New Thought book The Master Key System, which sells 200K copies by 1933; the secret of Bill Gates' success?
In 1912 Sigmund Freud's Kesswil, Thurgau, Switzerland-born student Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) pub. Psychology of the Unconscious (Wandlungen und Symbole der Libido). In Sept. 1913 he meets for the last time with his mentor in Munich, after which they split and go their separate ways; Jung allegedly has a vision of a "monstrous flood" engulfing Europe, a prediction of WWI. In 1916 he pub. Seven Sermons to the Dead, ascribed to 2nd cent. Gnostic teacher Basilides; it talks about the Pleroma, the Abraxas, the soul, and the principle of Individuation, warning that the mystical tendency to unite with God is a dangerous psychological desire to identify with the unconscious; "This is one of the great difficulties in experiencing the unconscious, that one identifies with it and becomes a fool." He leaves the weird red-covered medieval tome Red Book (Liver Novus) (Lat. "New Book), written in 1914-30, detailing his fight with his own demons, which is locked in a bank vault and not pub. until 2009. During his Red Book period he developed the theory of archetypes, collective unconscious, and the process of individuation.
In 1912 Iowa-born Christian Daa Larson (1874-1962) of Cincinnati, Ohio pub. his first book The Ideal Made Real, or Applied Metaphysics for Beginners, becoming a hit with Ernest Holmes, who dumps Mary Baker Eddy writings for his; he goes on to pub. many more and become honorary pres. of the Internat. New Thought Alliance (INTA). In 1912 he develops the Optimist Creed adopted by Optimist Internat. in 1922.
In 1912 after splitting with the Theosophical Society, Austrian (Croatian) philosopher Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (1861-1925) founds the Anthroposophical (Gr. "human wisdom") Society, with the soundbyte "Thinking... is no more and no less an organ of perception than the eye or ear. Just as the eye perceives colors and the ear sounds, so thinking perceives ideas", promoting Social Threefolding, increasing the independence of economy, politics, and culture. His Vienna-born student Walter Johannes Stein (1891-1957) emigrates to London in 1933, pushing theories about Wolfram von Eschenbach's Holy Grail narrative Parzival really being an esoteric document describing man's inner development path. In 2008 student Judith von Halle (1927-) pub. Secrets of the Stations of the Cross and the Grail Blood: The Mystery of Transformation, about how she received the stigmata in 2004 and began to experience visions of events from the time of Christ.
In Jan. 1914 Pune, India-born guru Meher Baba ("compassionate father") (Merwan Sheriar Irani) (1894-1969) is converted by the God kiss of holy woman Hazrat Babajan (1806-1931) in Pune, going silent in 1925, and declaring in 1954 that he is the Avatar of the Age, on a mission to bring together all humanity.
In July 1914 Akron, Ohio-born Joseph Sieber Benner (1872-1941) pub. The Impersonal Life under the alias "Anonymous", giving alleged words directly from God, claiming that Christ's proclaiming of "I AM" indicates "the true spirit that resides in every human being"; Elvis Presley becomes a fan.
In 1914 after being put in jail for opposing British rule, followed by four years of secluded yoga, Swami Vivekananda's English-speaking Calcutta-born disciple (former civil servant) Sri Aurobindo (Ghosh or Ghose) (1872-1950) begins pub. the monthly mag. Arya: A Philosophical Review (until 1921), going on to pub. The Life Divine, The Synthesis of Yoga, The Bhagavad Gita and Its Message et al., founding Integral Yoga.
On Aug. 4, 1914 - Nov. 11, 1918 the horrific World War I causes 15M deaths and 39M military casualties, and destroys the Old Order of white formerly Christian Europe. The U.S. played the Savior role, and lost a piddling number of troops compared to everybody else, and even after the horrific 1918 Spanish Influenza (Flu) Pandemic, you might call it lucky that it began to become the New Kid on the Block.
On Feb. 20-Dec. 4, 1915 the Panama-Pacific Internat. Exposition is held in San Francisco, Calif.; Audrey Munson (1891-1996) is chosen by Alexander Stirling Calder as the exposition's model; the ukelele is featured, causing a craze which lasts through the 1920s and helps accelerate Hawaiian statehood; the Internat. New Thought Alliance (INTA) is held in conjunction with the fair, impressing the organizers so much that they present leader Annie Rix Militz (1856-1924) with a special commemorative bronze medal on a special New Thought Day. After attending an INTA meeting in London in 1914, Irish-born Emmet Fox (1886-1951) emigrates to the U.S., and in 1931 becomes minister of the Divine Science Church of the Healing Christ in New York City, holding weekly services for up to 5.5K; in 1938 he pub. the bestseller The Sermon on the Mount: The Key to Success in Life, which becomes a hit with Alcoholics Anonymous (AA).
On Oct. 31, 1916 Charles Taze Russell (b. 1852) dies, and his org. the Watch Tower Society is taken over by self-proclaimed Mo. "Judge" Joseph Franklin Rutherford (1869-1942), who goes on to mount his "millions living now will never die" campaign, claiming that Armageddon will come in 1925, causing his followers to sell their homes and live in their cars traveling around to spread the urgent message while trying to avoid either marrying or having children; meanwhile the few who only wanted to study the Bible and think for themselves and not be dictated what to believe splinter off into the Bible Students org., which by the end of the cent. only has 10K members vs. 6M Jehovah's Witnesses. In 1917 the WT pub. The Finished Mystery, which is claimed as vol. 7 of the late Pastor Charles Taze Russell's "Studies in the Scriptures" (1886-1904), but was really ghostwritten by JW personnel, predicting the beginning of the End Times for not just Satan but organized Christianity in 1918, which the JWs mass-distribute, pissing-off the U.S. and Canadian Catholic and Protestant clergy, who let out the stops to persecute them, getting the Canadian govt. to criminalize it on Feb. 12, 1918, causing one-third of JWs to drop out by 1920; "Also in the year 1918, when God begins to destroy the churches and the church members by millions it shall be that any that escape shall come to the works of Pastor Russell to learn the meaning of the downfall of 'Christianity'." In 1918 the governing board of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society incl. their leader "Judge" Joseph F. Rutherford are sent to the Atlanta, Ga. federal penitentiary on trumped-up charges of sedition, for which they are later exonerated, forever changing their doctrine, and confirming their distrust of all govts. and organized religion, the latter being blamed for conspiring to get them jailed. Too bad, in 1925 the big prediction of the Jehovah's Witnesses (Watch Tower Society) that Armageddon would come proves false, causing about 80% to drop out, and the Watch Tower officially drops Russell's writings, while splinter groups cling to them; that only causes its failed prophet Judge Rutherford to mount more determined proselytizing campaigns, concentrating on the slogan "Religion is a snare and a racket" (every religion other than their true one, which isn't a religion or a cult, but the Truth). In the latter half of the 20th cent. their Watchtower mag. begins displaying Satanic subliminal images?
In 1917 the first Cottlingley Fairies photos are taken by cousins Elsie Wright and Frances Griffiths of Cottingley (near Bradford), England; in the 1980s they admit that most but not all were faked with cardboard cutouts.
In 1919 the DeMolay Internat. (Order of DeMolay) is founded in Kansas City, Mo. by Freemason Frank Sherman "Dad" Land (1890-1959) for WWI boy orphans, named after Knights Templar grandmaster Jacques de Molay (1244-1314), who was burned alive by mean Philip IV the Fair of France; NASA astronaut Edgar Mitchell becomes a member.
In 1919 Albany, N.Y. autodidact Charles Hoy Fort (1874-1932) pub. his first book The Book of the Damned, based on his extensive researches in libraries incl. newspaper collections, a bunch of anomalous and paranormal phenomena incl. UFOs, mythical creatures, odd weather patterns, the Super-Sargasso Sea et al.; makes a fan of Ben Hecht, who writes the soundbyte: "I am the first disciple of Charles Fort... henceforth, I am a Fortean"; "A procession of the damned./ By the damned, I mean the excluded./ We shall have a procession of data that Science has excluded." He follows with New Lands (1923), Lo! (1931), and World Talents (1932).
In 1919 Providence, R.I.-born Howard Philips Lovecraft (1890-1937) first mentions the word Azathoth, which he works into his horror fiction as a deity in his Cthulhu Mythos and Dream Cycle stories.
In Mar. 1920 after claiming contact by Helena Blavatsky's guru Master Morya, St. Petersburg-born Russian Theosophist Nicholas Roerich (Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh) (1874-1947) and his wife Helena Ivanovna Roerich (1879-1955) found the Agni (Sans. "Fire") Yoga school of occult thinking, and pub. a series of books.
In 1920 Internat. Telephone and Telegraph Co. is founded, later changing its name to ITT and getting into internat. water control and defense and involving itself in right-wing politics in the U.S., Chile, Nigeria et al.; in 1989 it sells its telcom biz to Alcatel (later Alcatel-Lucent), and changes its name to Cortelco Kellogg (later Cortelco, short for Corinth Telecommunications Corp., based in Corinth, Miss.). Lucent is really a Satanic corp.?
In 1920 the Lucis Trust (originally Lucifer?) is founded in New York City by Manchester, England-born Am. Theosophist Alice Ann Bailey (Alice LaTrobe Bateman) (1880-1949) to pub. spiritualist and esoteric books; in 1932 it founds the World Goodwill Group, which obtains recognition as a non-govt. org. (NGO) by the U.N., causing conspiracy theorists to accuse the latter of Satanic New Age connections; members incl. David Rockefeller, Henry Kissinger, Paul Volcker, and George Schultz? In 1922 after beginning to channel the Ageless Wisdom of Tibetan ascended master D.K. (Djwal Khul) in 1919, Bailey pub. Initiation, Human and Solar, followed by Letters on Occult Meditation (1922), A Treatise on Cosmic Fire (1925), The Light of the Soul: Its Science and Effect: A Paraphrase of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali (1927), A Treatise on White Magic; or, The Way of the Disciple (1934), Discipleship in the New Age (2 vols.) (1944), The Problems of Humanity (1944), The Reappearance of the Christ (1947), The Destiny of the Nations (1949), Glamour: A World Problem (1950), Education in the New Age (1954). In 1936-60 A Treatise on the Seven Rays (5 vols.) is pub., expounding her theory of Esoteric Astrology. In 1937 she pub. The Great Invocation, which begins: "From the point of Light within the Mind of God, let light stream forth into the minds of men", which is later adopted by the Findhorn Foundation. She becomes known for peddling Tibetan disciple Djwal Khul, first channeled by Madame Blavatsky, and the teaching that St. Germain (1712-84) (AKA Master Rakoczi or Master R.) (the resurrected Sir Francis Bacon) will be chmn. of the Executive Council of Christ, who will return and stay and bring world peace for the entire 2,150-year period of the Age of Aquarius; too bad, she claims that Christ will return in an airplane on global TV, I think Neil Armstrong beat him to it.
In 1921 the First Internat. Psychical Congress is held in Copenhagen, Denmark, attended by Hereward Carrington (1880-1958) of the U.S. et al.
In 1921 Am. physicist Thomas Townsend Brown (1905-85) discovers the Biefeld-Brown Effect while experimenting with a Coolidge X-ray tube, finding that a tube with assymetrical electrodes exerts a force when connected to a high-voltage source, later claiming that it might be used by ETs to create anti-gravity machines.
In 1921 Warsaw, Poland-born Alfred Habdank Skarbek Korzybski (1879-1950) pub. Manhood of Humanity, claiming that humanity is a "time-binding" lifeform that transmits knowledge and abstractions through time via culture. In 1933 he pub. Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics, describing his new field of General Semantics (Humanology) (Human Engineering), with the motto "The map is not the territory", a dog biscuit tastes yummy if you're told it's baked by grandma, which rejects the black-or-white isolated-object approach and accepts the interdependence and fluidity of Nature, accepting abstractions only as simplifications of what is going on, replacing 2-valued logic with infinite-valued non-elementalistic logic; used by L. Ron Hubbard in his "Dianetics"; in 1938 he founds the Inst. of Gen. Semantics in Chicago, Ill., which in 1946 moves to Lakeville, Conn.
In 1922 after traveling to India in 1911 to study their mysticism, Calw, Wurttemberg, Germany-born Hermann Karl Hesse (1871-1962) pub. the novel Siddhartha, about the search for you-taught-it-to-me-too spiritual happiness by Siddhartha (Sansk. "siddha" + "artha" = achieved meaning) and his friend Govinda during the time of Siddhartha Gautama, Prince of Kapilavastu (the Buddha); "Knowledge can be communicated, but not wisdom. One can find it, live it, do wonders through it, but one cannot communicate and teach it." In 1927 he pub. the novel Der Steppenwolf AKA "Henry Haller's Records (For Madmen Only"; written after a brief marriage to singer Ruth Wenger in 1924; psychotic Henry Haller, Hermine, Maria, and saxophonist Pablo of the Magic Theater in a spiritually-barren modern world; dissed by critics for depictions of sex and drug use; in 1928 Hesse pub. the short story "Harry the Steppenwolf" about a wolf kept in a zoo who entertains crowds by destroying images of cultural icons incl. Goethe and Mozart. In 1943 he pub. the novel Das Glasperlenspiel (The Glass Bead Game, Magister Ludi), about the disciplined intellectual world of Castalia in C Europe in the 25th cent., where people play the mysterious Glass Bead Game in the Waldzell School; "Here and there in the ancient literatures we encounter legends of wise and mysterious games that were conceived and played by scholars, monks, or the courtiers of cultured princes. These might take the form of chess games in which the pieces and squares had secret meanings" - I can't comment because of a gag order?
In 1922 Chillicothe, Ohio-born Gardner Murphy (1895-1979) begins psychical research at Harvard U. (until 1925), making the first telepathic experiments via radio, and pub. the paper Telepathy as an Experimental Problem.
In 1922 Japanese Buddhist Mikao Usui (1865-1926) founds Reiki, a spiritual practice based on fasting and meditation on Mt. Kurama in Japan, signing up mainly students from the military.
In 1923 Vienna, Austria-born Jewish existentialist philosopher Martin (Mordechai) Buber (1878-1965) (relative of Karl Marx) pub. I and Thou (Ich und Du); tr. into English in 1937; the Jewish conception of God as "Thou" not "It" sans the Catholic Trinity and that you-know-what from Nazareth?; "One who truly meets the world goes out also to God." Becomes popular with New Agers, who doesn't like to say Buber, I, and Thou?
In 1923 Lebanese-born Marionite Catholic Am. poet Kahlil Gibran (1883-1931) pub. The Prophet, based on the teachings of Baha'i prophet Abdu'l-Baha, which becomes the bestselling book of the 20th cent. other than the Bible; chapters incl. "On Love", "On Giving", "On Freedom", and "On Time"; big hit with the 1960s culture and New Age Movment; "When love beckons to you, follow him,/ Though his ways are hard and steep,/ And when his wings enfold you yield to him,/ Though the sword hidden among his pinions may wound you./ ... All these things shall love do unto you that you may know the secrets of your heart, and in that knowledge become a fragment of Life's heart."
In 1924 Cohocton, N.Y.-born mining engineer Baird Thomas Spalding (1872-1953) pub. vol. 1 of 6 of Life and Teaching of the Masters of the Far East, about an alleged trip to India and Tibet in 1894 by 11 scientists who make contact with "the Great Masters of the Himalayas", popularizing the concept of Ascended Masters.
In 1924 Budapest, Hungary-born Am. magician and escapologist Harry Houdini (Erik Weisz or Ehrich Weiss) (1874-1926) pub. A Magician Among the Spirits, which debunks Spiritualism, showing how he turned ghostbuster and exposed many mediums and spiritualists as con artists; it causes a break with his friend Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) (who, despite going 180 degrees against the type of his own character Sherlock Holmes went into it whole hog after his son Kingsley was killed in WWI), which turns into a battle of giants and makes the Spiritualist Mafia want to get him - K boy, is that you? On Oct. 31, 1926 (Halloween) he dies in Detroit, Mich. of appendicitis (peritonitis) and gangrene caused by a punch to his supposedly iron gut in his dressing room in Montreal by a fan when he wasn't ready, rupturing his appendix; in 2007 his great-nephew George Hardeen lobbies to get his body exhumed to test if he was really poisoned by pesky spiritualists; he leaves a reward to any spiritualist or medium who can conjure his spirit after he dies and reveal a secret coded message he left with his wife, and despite many seances held on Halloween by his wife, the reward is never collected, although on Jan. 7, 1929 psychic medium Arthur Ford (1896-1971) claims that the message is "Forgive. Beatrice. Believe." In 1950 Houdini's magician associate Joseph Francis Rinn (1868-1952) pub. Sixty Years of Psychical Research: Houdini and I Among the Spiritualists, about how they worked together to debunk psychics and mediums.
In 1925 Camden, N.J.-born illustrator Florence Scovel Shinn (1871-1940) pub. the New Thought book The Game of Life and How to Play It, containing the soundbyte: "The invisible forces are ever working for man who is always 'pulling the strings' himself, though he does not know it. Owing to the vibratory power of words, whatever man voices, he begins to attract." She follows it with Your Word is Your Wand (1928), and The Secret Door to Success (1940).
Think of all the possibilities? The German Physics Establishment makes a quantum leap in the physics of the atom? In 1926 German physicists Max Born (1882-1970), Werner Karl Heisenberg (1901-76), and Pascual Jordan (1902-80) develop Matrix Mechanics, using an infinite matrix representing the position and motion of an electron in an atom as the columns, and the quantum numbers of the old quantum theory as the rows, then manipulating it to calculate spectral line frequencies and other observable quantities; meanwhile Austrian-Irish physicist Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrodinger (Schroedinger) (Schrödinger) (1887-1961) develops Wave Mechanics, using a 2nd order differential equation in place of the old quantum theory concept of the atom, which, when restricted by eigenfunctions yields discrete solutions identical with the old quantum numbers, and is exactly solvable for the hydrogen and helium atoms, which the old theory stumbled on; meanwhile on Dec. 12 Albert Einstein (1879-1955) writes a Dicey Letter to Max Born, containing the immortal soundbyte "God (The Old One) does not play dice" (with the Universe), which is part of his reasoning to discard the entire program of quantum physics for life; Born's Rule, that the probability of finding a quantum object at a certain place and time equals the square of its wave function, meaning that interference occurs in pairs of possibilities, not higher order, isn't experimentally verified until 2010. As a topper, in 1927 Heisenberg discovers the Heisenberg Uncertainty (Indeterminacy) Principle, which states that the position and momentum of a particle cannot be known precisely, but have a probability distribution - but is he certain about it? In 1935 after corresponding with Einstein, Schrodinger pub. his famous Cat Paradox to illustrate the absurdity of quantum physics, showing a scenario where a cat is both dead and alive.
In 1926 retired English Sri Lankan tea grower James Churchward (1851-1936) pub. The Lost Continent of Mu: Motherland of Man, which claims it "extended from somewhere north of Hawaii to the south as far as Fijis and Easter Island", was the site of the Garden of Eden, and had a "white race" pop. of 65M known as the Naacals 50K-12K years ago, and was the mother of the civilizations of India, Babylon, Egypt, Persia, and the Mayas.
In 1926 St. Louis, Mo.-born Robert Collier (1885-1950), nephew of Irish-born Collier's Weekly founder Peter Fenelon Cooper pub. the New Thought book The Secret of the Ages (7 vols.), which sells 300K copies, and is later referred to by Rhonda Byrnes in her 2006 film "The Secret".
In 1927 the Fairy Investigation Society is founded in Ireland by Capt. Quentin C.A. Craufurd to collect evidence of fairy sightings; members incl. RAF cmdr. Sir Hugh Dowding (1882-1970) and Walt Disney (1901-66).
In 1927 after being wowed by a May 1922 lecture by Sir Arthur Conan Dyle claiming scientific proof of communication with the dead, U. of Chicago-educated botanist J.B. (Joseph Banks) Rhine (1895-1980) begins the scientific study of Parapsychology at Duke U. - pick a card, any card? In Apr. 1937 he founds the Journal of Parapsychology. On June 19, 1957 he founds the Parapsychological Assoc. in Durham, N.C.
On May 15, 1928 Chicago, Ill.-born cartoonist Walter Elias "Walt" Disney (1901-66) debuts his B&W animated film Plane Crazy, introducing Mickey Mouse along with his skirt-wearing girlfriend Minnie Mouse (voice of Marcellite Garner and Thelma Boardman); on Nov. 18 the 3rd Mickey Mouse cartoon, Steamboat Willie debuts at the Colony Theater in New York City, with Walt as the voice of Mickey, becoming the first one with sound; next year the first of 75 Silly Symphony cartoons appear (until 1939); as Mickey Mouse becomes a hit, other hit characters incl. Donald Duck are spun-off. By 2010 the Walt Disney Co. does $36B a year, and regularly pisses-off Christians by being too gay-friendly. Disney is later accused of being a secret Illuminati Freemason with an agenda of preparing children for the New Age, incl. disturbing resemblances between the title char. of the 1989 film The Little Mermaid and red-haired Mary Magdalene, etc.
In 1928 Rene-Maurice Gattefosse (René-Maurice Gattefossé) (1881-1950) pub. Aromatherapy.
In 1928 French Nobel Prize winning physiologist Charles Robert Richet (1850-1935), pres. of the Society for Psychical Research in 1905, and coiner of the term "ectoplasm" pub. Our Sixth Sense, explaining his allegedly scientific belief in paranormal phenomena despite having been tricked by several fraudulent media, er, mediums over the years.
In 1929 Frank Bruce Robinson (1886-1948) founds the mail-order Psychiana New Thought denomination in Moscow, Idaho.
In 1930 Newton, Kan.-born Guy Ballard (1878-1939) visits Mount Shasta, Calif., and allegedly meets St. Germain, who makes him and his wife Edna Anne Wheeler Ballard (1886-1971) his "sole accredited messengers", after which they found the I AM New Age religious movement in Chicago, Ill. (named after the ancient Sanskrit mantra "So Ham", meaning "I Am That I Am"), which gains 1M followers by 1938, we take Visa and Mastercard and they haven't been invented yet; too bad, the U.S. govt. moves in on their racket and gets them convicted of mail fraud, but the conviction is overturned, which doesn't phase them, and they get another conviction, until the U.S. Supreme Court rules in 1944 in the landmark case U.S. v. Ballard that people can't be made to prove their religious beliefs in a court of law; after Guy dies his true believers claim he became the Ascended Master Godfre, who in previous incarnations was George Washington and Richard Lionheart; Edna becomes Ascended Lady Master Lotus (Ray King) AKA Benjamin Franklin, Elizabeth I of England, and Joan of Arc - top results glove fry, a very golf, fargo levy, valley frog?
In 1930 after emigrating from India in 1923, Ramakrishna Order monk Swami Prabhavananda (1893-1976) founds the Vedanta Society of Southern Calif. in Hollywood, Calif., making disciples of English literati Christopher William Bradshaw Isherwood (1904-86) and Henry Fitzgerald "Gerald" Heard (1889-1971), who in the 1950s becomes an LSD fan, introducing Alcoholics Anonymous founder Bill Wilson to it in Aug. 1956, then pub. The Five Ages of Man: The Psychology of Human History in 1963, coining the term "Leptoid Man" (Gr. lepsis = "leap") for the 5th stage of expanded consciousness; "We are aware of our precarious imbalance: of our persistent and ever-increasing production of power and our inadequacy of purpose; of our critical analytic ability and our creative paucity; of our triumphantly efficient technical education and our ineffective, irrelevant education for values, for meaning, for the training of the will, the lifting of the heart, and the illumination of the mind." In 1944 Isherwood and Swami Prabhavananda pub. Bhagavad Gita, the Song of God, a modern translation. In 1945 Isherwood pub. Vedanta for Modern Man.
In 1930 after studying the works of Fenwicke Lindsay Holmes (1883-1973) (brother of Ernest Shurtleff Holmes), Japanese New Thought leader Masaharu Taniguchi (1893-1985) begins pub. the "nondenominational truth movement magazine" Seicho-no-ie ("Home of infinite life, wisdom, and abundance"), which grows into a movement that is suppressed until the end of WWII. In 1952 he and Holmes pub. The Science of Faith: How to Make Yourself Believe.
In 1931 London, England-born guru Paul Brunton (Hurst) (1898-1981) visits India, meeting with guru Sri Ramana Maharshi (1879-1950), whom he introduces to the West, popularizing the doctrine of Mentalism along with the Overself; "You cannot transcend the Overself and touch Mind without sacrificing all that is human." In 1934 he pub. A Search in Secret India, followed by The Secret Path: A Technique of Spiritual Self-Discovery for the Modern World (1935), A Search in Secret Egypt, A Hermit in the Himalayas (1936), The Quest of the Overself (1937), Indian Philosophy and Modern Culture (1939), The Inner Reality (Discover Yourself) (1939), The Hidden Teaching Beyond Yoga (1941), The Wisdom of the Overself (1943), and The Spiritual Crisis of Man (1952), which contains the soundbyte: "A million people will eagerly follow a glib leader who raises contentious clamour and leads them to ultimate destruction, when only a few people will follow an inspired spiritual leader who leads them to true blessedness. This shows the faulty sense of values which prevails among people who are entirely ignorant of the fact that if their inner attitude toward life is wrong, their outer personal, political and economic affairs will go wrong. It shows that the reason why the mass of mankind cannot make a success of their civilization is because they cannot make a success of themselves. Not having enough faith in, or leading by, higher forces, they put their faith in destructive ones."
In 1931 Brunn, Austria-born mathematical logician Kurt Friedrich Godel (Gödel) (1906-78) pub. the paper On Formally Undecidable Propositions in 'Principia Mathematica' and Related Systems I, showing that in any axiomatic mathematical system there are propositions that cannot be proved or disproved within the axioms of the system, because a Godel numbering scheme can be devised which allows the proposition to be constructed that "This theorem is false", which is like when Capt. Kirk talks the computer into blowing itself up?; the paper proves to be so good that he decides against a "II".
In 1932 David Anrias, a critic of Krishnamurti pub. Through the Eyes of the Masters: Meditations and Portraits in London, containing the soundbyte: "When a transition takes place from one Age to another, and hence from one sign to another, certain Adepts who for centuries may have been preparing for their office by meditation and study, take over the work of inspiring the new cycle. For nearly two thousand years the earth has been under the watery sign Pisces ruled by Neptune, the main features of which have been the establishing of Christianity and the conquest of the ocean. Now the new cycle has begun, Aquarius, an airy sign, is influencing men's minds along scientific lines in every direction, especially towards the conquest of the air."
In 1932 Godalming, Surrey, England-born novelist Aldous (OG "old") Leonard Huxley (1894-1963) pub. Brave New World, which talks about the perfect drug Soma: "All the advantages of Christianity and alcohol; none of their defects." Inspired by a visit to the ICI Plastic Works in Billingham, England; takes place in 632 A.F. (After Henry Ford) (2540 C.E.); Thomas Tomakin, Henry Foster, Lenina Crowne, Mustapha Mond, Bernard Marx, John the Savage and his mother Linda; alphas, betas, and gammas; sex hormone gum; feely film is "Three Weeks in a Balloon" - is Lenina a soma-sucking slut? In 1945 he pub. The Perennial Philosophy, a comparative study of mysticism; "The metaphysic that recognizes a divine Reality substantial to the world of things and lives and minds; the psychology that finds in the soul something similar to, or even identical with, divine Reality; the ethic that places man's final end in the knowledge of the immanent and transcendent Ground of all being - the thing is immemorial and universal"; "The Perennial Philosophy is an attempt to present this Highest Common Factor of all theologies by assembling passages from the writings of those saints and prophets who have approached a direct spiritual knowledge of the Divine"; "If one is not oneself a sage or saint, the best thing one can do, in the field of metaphysics, is to study the works of those who were, and who, because they had modified their merely human mode of being, were capable of a more than merely human kind and amount of knowledge"; "Knowledge is a function of being."
In 1932 Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) gives a seminar on Kundalini (Sans. "coiled power") Yoga to the Psychological Club in Zurich, claiming it as a model for the development of higher consciousness, interpreting its symbols in terms of the process of individuation. On Aug. 12, 1940 he writes the soundbyte: "1940 is the year when we approach the meridian of the first star in Aquarius. It is the premonitory earthquake of the New Age."
In 1933 Leigh, Lancashire, England-born James Hilton (1900-54) pub. the bestselling novel Lost Horizon (Pocket Books #1), based on Christian Zeeman, a Dane who disappeared in Japan and became a monk in a Zen Buddhist monastery, and Nat. Geographic articles by Austrian-Am. botanist Joseph Rock (1884-1962); 37-y.-o. British consular official Robert Conway disappears into the utopian lamasery of Shangri-La in Tibet along with Mallinson, Chalmers Bryant (an Am. financier wanted for stock fraud posing as Barnard), and Miss Brinkow, a missionary, and is picked to be the new high lama to replace the 300-y.-o. one who is about to croak after uttering the soundbyte "You will have Time, that rare and lovely gift that your Western countries have lost the more they have pursued it"; filmed in 1937 starring Ronald Colman; the first Ballantine paperback Pocket Book to come out in 1939, starting the paperback rev.
In 1933 the first sighting of Nessie, the Loch Ness Monster in Scotland since the year 565 C.E. is recorded - maybe he started the Reichstag Fire?
In 1935 Albert Einstein (1879-1955) and Nathan Rosen (1909-95) pub. a paper describing the Einstein-Rosen Bridge, which is later called a Wormhole; they and Boris Yakovlevich Podolsky (1896-1966) formulate the EPR Paradox that shows that quantum mechanical theory is incomplete; after Erwin Schrodinger coins the term "entanglement", Einstein describes it as "spooky action at a distance" (spukhafte Fernwirkung), launching the theory of Quantum Entanglement; in 2008 Swiss physicists measure the the speed of spooky action at a distance as at least 10K times c, which is confirmed by Chinese physicists in Mar. 2013, leading to a theory of a subluminal, superluminal, or transluminal universe, or universe behind the universe where our physical laws don't apply?
In 1936 Paris-born Am. astrologer-composer Dane Rudhyar (Daniel Chenneviere) (1895-1985) pub. The Astrology of Personality: A Reformulation Of Astrological Concepts And Ideals In Terms Of Contemporary Psychology And Philosophy on admirer Alice A. Bailey's Lucis Press, claiming that astrology is not predictive but productive of intuitive insights, promoting free-will humanistic transpersonal astrology; after the New Age movement ramps up in the 1960s, it is repub. in 1970 by Penguin Books.
On July 3, 1936 the World Congress of Faiths at the U. of London is founded by British mystic explorer Sir Francis Younghusband (1863-1942) to "instill a spirit of fellowship among mankind through religion, and... to revitalise all that is highest in man's spiritual being"; it is attended by Alan W. Watts.
In 1937 Italian psychiatrist Ferdinando Cazzamalli (1887-1958) et al. found the Italian Society of Metaphysics (SIM), the first Italian society to study the paranormal, using a Faraday Cage to claim that paranormal phenomena are real; in 1955 it becomes the Italian Society of Parapsychology; Cazzamalli splits and founds the Italian Associated Scientists of Metaphysics.
In 1937 Pound, Va.-born New Thought writer Napoleon Hill (1883-1970) pub. Think and Grow Rich, about how he interviewed self-made millionaires to learn their secrets, boiling them down to sublimating the sex drive, dreaming big, and never quitting; "What the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve"; sells 20M copies by his death in 1970, launching the Positive Thinking Movement, incl. Hilary Hinton "Zig" Ziglar (1926-2012), and Anthony "Tony" Robbins (1960-).
In 1938 the psychedelic drug LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss physician and chemist Albert Hofmann (1906-2008) at Sandoz Labs in Basel from ergot, a fungus that grows on rye; on Apr. 19, 1943 (Bicycle Day) he becomes the first person to experience an acid trip, experiencing the most intense systems while bicycling home from his lab, uttering the soundbyte "There surged upon me an uninterrupted stream of fantastic images of extraordinary plasticity and vividness and accompanied by an intense, kaleidoscopelike play of colors." On Aug. 16, 1951 the Mystery of Le Pain Maudit (Cursed Bread) in Pont-Saint-Esprit in SE France sees the pop. plagued with sudden frightful hallucinations; in 2010 it is revealed that the CIA put LSD in their food as part of a secret mind control experiment. On June 9, 1953 CIA Technical Services Staff head Sidney Gottlieb (Joseph Schneider) (1918-99), "the Black Sorcerer", "the Dirty Trickster" approves of the use of LSD in Project MKULTRA. Also in 1953 English pharmacologist Sir John Henry Gaddum (1900-65) shows that LSD is a potent antagonist of serotinin, the chemical substance that makes muscles contract, induces sleep, and has just been found to exist in the human brain - so that's what they mean by high? On June 29-30, 1955 U.S. banker and ethnomycologist Robert Gordon Wasson (1898-1986) and his photgrapher become the first white men to record their ingestion of the "magic" psilocybe mushroom,, which Wasson describes as a "soul-shattering experience... Could the divine mushrooms be the secret that lay behind the ancient Mysteries?"; LSD chemist Albert Hofmann of Sandoz Labs in Basel synthesizes psilocybin in 1958. In 1957 British psychologist Humphry Fortescue Osmond (1917-2004) coins the word "psychedelic" (Gr. "psyche" + "delos" = mind + manifest) at the New York Academy of Science; Aldous Huxley wanted to use the word "phanerothyme" (Gr. "thymos" = spiritedness).
On Oct. 30, 1938 (Sun.) (Halloween night) George Orson Welles (1915-85) panics naive isolationist Americans with his CBS-Radio rendition of H.G. Wells' 1898 novel War of the Worlds on Mercury Theatre on the Air (H.G., Mercury - get it?), starting with Mt. Jennings Observatory (Chicago) Prof. Farrell reporting several explosions on Mars, then Prof. Morse of Macmillan U. reporting more, then live descriptions of Martians invading New Joisey and kicking the U.S. army's butt like the Nazis would if they had spaceships; Orson Welles plays Princeton U. prof. Richard Pierson; on Oct. 31 (after talking to his lawyers?) Welles expresses "deep regret" but also bewilderment that anyone had thought it was real; the Edgar Bergen show is airing at the same time, and when its music segment comes on many listeners switch to CBS, catching it in the middle and becoming more freaked - if they were busy studying instead of listening to the radio, they wouldn't be so dumb?
In 1939-45 horrific $3.5T World War II resulted in 24M military and 49M civilian deaths, and featured the low point of the Jewish Holocaust (Shoah) by the German Nazis, I guess it was the Jews' fault for not ransoming themselves to go to Israel before they could round them up for the camps. The whole experience turned Jews from lovers into fighters, ramping up the Zionist movement with full world sympathy and support by new world superpower U.S., which had its own guilt trip because on Nov. 24, 1942 Budapest-born Am. Zionist leader Rabbi Stephen Samuel Wise (1874-1949) announced in a press conference in Washington, D.C. that he was authorized by the U.S. State Dept. to confirm that the Nazis had murdered 2M Jews as part of a plan to exterminate all Jews in Europe; too bad, the nat. newspapers didn't consider it front page news, and the U.S. govt. did nada. After the war ended and Americans toured the concentration camps in horror, Polish-born Jewish scholar Raphael Lemkin (1900-59), who single-handedly led an unsuccessful campaign to get the League of Nations to give internat. protections against genocide starting in 1933 finally got what he wanted after his own people got it, namely the Dec. 9, 1948 U.N. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Gen. Assembly Resolution 260), which didn't come in force until Jan. 12, 1951, and which the U.S. still didn't ratify until 1988.
In 1939 English occultist Oliver Fox (Hugh George Calloway) (1885-1949) pub. Astral Projection: A Record of Out-of-the-Body Experiences.
The mass horrors of the Nazi era are captured on what kind of film? In 1939 Kirlian Photography (not Kirilian) (AKA Bioelectric Photography) is accidentally discovered by Russian-Armenian inventor Semyon Davidovich Kirlian (1898-1978), using a high-voltage electric field to capture images of auras allegedly given off by living things.
In 1939 Russian-born Am. physiologist Nathaniel Kleitman (1895-1999) of the U. of Chicago pub. Sleep and Wakefulness. In 1953 he and his grad student Eugene Aserinsky (1921-98) discover Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Sleep, and study it using an electroencephalograph, correlating it with dreaming and a gen. increase in brain activity, founding modern Sleep Research.
In 1940 Chislehurst, England-born Am. Buddhist Alan Wilson Watts (1915-73) pub. the bestseller The Meaning of Happiness: The Quest for Freedom of the Spirit in Modern Psychology and the Wisdom of the East. In 1957 he pub. the bestseller The Way of Zen, popularizing Zen Buddhism in the West. In 1958 he pub. The New Alchemy, exploring human consciousness. In 1960 he pub. a number of essays incl. The Value of Psychotic Experience; The World As Emptiness; From Time to Eternity; Lecture on Zen; The Cross of Cards; The Nature of Consciousness; "If you awaken from this illusion, and you understand that black implies white, self implies other, life implies death - or shall I say, death implies life - you can conceive yourself. Not conceive, but feel yourself, not as a stranger in the world, not as someone here on sufferance, on probation, not as something that has arrived here by fluke, but you can begin to feel your own existence as absolutely fundamental. What you are basically, deep, deep down, far, far in, is simply the fabric and structure of existence itself. So, say in Hindu mythology, they say that the world is the drama of God. God is not something in Hindu mythology with a white beard that sits on a throne, that has royal perogatives. God in Indian mythology is the self, Satcitananda. Which means sat, that which is, chit, that which is consciousness; that which is ananda is bliss. In other words, what exists, reality itself is gorgeous, it is the fullness of total joy." In 1961 he pub. Psychotherapy East and West, proposing that Buddhism be regarded as a form of psychotherapy. In 1962 he released the album This is IT, containing pioneering psychedelic music. In 1962 he pub. The Joyous Cosmology: Adventures in the Chemistry of Consciousness, with the opening: "To begin with, this world has a different kind of time. It is the time of biological rhythm, not of the clock and all that goes with the clock. There is no hurry. Our sense of time is notoriously subjective and thus dependent upon the quality of our attention, whether of interest or boredom, and upon the alignment of our behavior in terms of routines, goals, and deadlines. Here the present is self-sufficient, but it is not a static present. It is a dancing present — the unfolding of a pattern which has no specific destination in the future but is simply its own point." In 1966 he pub. The Book: On the Taboo Against Knowing Who You Are. On Nov. 16, 1973 he dies in his cabin in Druid Heights in Mill Valley, Calif. of heart failure, leaving the soundbyte "Partisanship in religion closes the mind."
In 1940 Harvard-educated French historian Bernard Fay (1893-1978), dir. of the French Nat. Library was hired by the Vichy regime to root-out pesky Jew-connected OWG-plotting Freemasons, compiling a list of 170K, of whom 989 get sent to concentration camps, where 549 are killed; 3K more lose their jobs, although he protects Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas; in 1946 he received a life sentence, and with Toklas' financial help escaped to Switzerland in 1951. In 1943 he produced the film Forces Occultes with dir. Jean Mamy, who was executed for collaboration in 1949.
In 1942 London-born British educator Sir George Lowthian Trevelyan, 4th Baronet (1906-96) hears a lecture by Walter Stein, turning from agnostic to a New Ager, studying Anthroposophy and helping found the New Age Movement; in 1977 he pub. A Vision of the Aquarian Age, containing the soundbyte: "Behind all outwardly manifested form is a timeless realm of absolute consciousness. It is the great Oneness underlying all the diversity, all the myriad forms of nature. It may be called God, or may be deemed beyond all naming... The world of nature, in short, is but a reflection of the eternal world of Creative imagining. The inner core of man, that which in each of us might be called spirit, is a droplet of the divine source. As such, it is imperishable and eternal, for life cannot be extinguished. The outer sheath in which it manifestscan, of course, wear out and be discarded; but to speak of 'death' in relation to the true being and spirit of man is irrelevant." He goes on to pub. Operation Redemption (1981), Summons to a High Crusade (1985), and Exploration into God (1991).
In fall 1943 the Philadelphia Experiment allegedly causes U.S. Navy destroyer USS Eldridge to teleport from Philadelphia, Penn. to Norfolk, Va. - and now we have Tiger Woods?
In 1943 after studying exemplary people incl. Albert Einstein and Eleanor Roosevelt, with the soundbyte "It is as if Freud supplied us the sick half of psychology, and we must now fill it out with the healthy half", Brooklyn, N.Y.-born Abraham Harold Maslow (1908-70) pub. the paper "A Theory of Human Motivation", proposing Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Physiological, Safety, Love/Belonging, Esteem, and Self-Actualization. In 1954 he pub. Motivation and Personality. In spring 1961 he co-founds the Journal of Humanistic Psychology. Too bad, he dies on June 8, 1970 in Menlo Park, Calif. of a heart attack after completing 1 year of a 4-year program to investigate the nature of evil in man - fell through the trap door in the hierarchy?
In 1944 German #1 physicist Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947) utters the soundbyte: "All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particle of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together. We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent mind. This mind is the Matrix of all matter."
In 1945 Liverpool, England-born mystical Quaker economist Kenneth Ewart Boulding (1910-93) pub. There is a Spirit: The Nayler Sonnets. In 1950 he coins the term "psychic capital". In 1954 he, Vienna, Austria-born biologist Karl Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-72) et al. found the Society for the Advancement of General Systems Theory, which in 1956 is renamed the Society for Gen. Systems Research, and in 1988 renamed the Internat. Society for the Systems Sciences, founding Gen. Systems Theory.
In 1946 Indian guru Paramahansa Yogananda (1893-1952) pub. the bestseller Autobiography of a Yogi, which introduces Westerners to Yoga and meditation; he tells the story of 2K-y.-o. Indian saint Mahavatar Babaji, who allegedly visited Lahiri Mahasaya and his disciples between 1861 and 1935.
On June 24, 1947 Sebeka, Minn.-born aviator Kenneth A. Arnold (1915-84) allegedly sights nine flying saucers over Mt. Rainier in Wash., causing a UFO Craze; the first Flying Saucer Convention is held next fall at the Labor Temple in New York City.
On July 2-4, 1947 the Roswell Incident leads many to believe that the U.S. govt. covered-up an extraterrestrial landing in New Mexico led by CIA dir. #3 (1947-50) Rear Adm. Roscoe Henry Hillenkoetter (1897-1982), with U.S. Gen. Arthur G. Trudeau (1902-91) supposedly in charge of the secret files, whom his subordinate Lt. Col. Philip J. Corso (1915-98) (born in Jupiter, Fla.) later blows the whistle on in The Day After Roswell (1998), claiming the alien UFO technology from the 1947 Roswell Incident was used to pump up the U.S. defense industry with fiber optics, particle beams, and Star Wars technology; in Apr. 2011 a classified memo dated Mar. 22, 1950 is released by the FBI from Guy Hottel, SAC, Washington, with the soundbyte "An investigator for the Air Force stated that three so-called flying saucers had been recovered in New Mexico. They were described as being circular in shape with raised centers, approximately 50 feet in diameter. Each one was occupied by three bodies of human shape but only 3 feet tall, dressed in metallic cloth of a very fine texture. Each body was bandaged in a manner similar to the blackout suits used by speed flyers and fast pilots. According to ... informant, the saucers were found in New Mexico due to the fact that the Government has a very high-powered radar set-up in that area and it is believed the radar interferes with the controling mechanism of the saucers" - what do you see on my forehead, the word dumbass? In 1948 the USAF sets up Project Sign to investigate UFOs, initially favoring the opinion that they're extraterrestrial in origin, then flopping at the last minute before the report is pub. in Jan. 1949; in Feb. 1949 the project is replaced by Project Grudge (until 1951), then Project Blue Book in 1952 (until Jan. 1970). In 1995 Walt Disney Co. broadcast a documentary called Alien Encounters from Tomorrowland, about Roswell and UFOs, claiming a govt. coverup; it was never broadcast again.
In 1947 New York City-born Joel Solomon Goldsmith (1892-1964) pub. The Infinite Way, teaching the principles of spiritual healing, and forbidding the creation of an org. or church from it.
In 1947 Boston, Mass.-born polymath philosopher Walter Bowman Russell (1871-1963) pub. The Secret of Light, followed by The Message of the Divine Iliad (1948-9), laying out his unified theory of physics and cosmogony claiming that the Universe is based on the principle of rhythmic balanced interchange, with the existence of mind being a cause rather than an effect, claiming to prove the existence of God, becoming a hit with New Agers. When he "refolds" in 1963, Walter Cronkite calls him "the Leonardo da Vinci of our time."
In 1948 Springfield, Mass.-born psychologist Bertram R. Forer (1914-2000) discovers the Forer Effect, the tendency of people to accept descriptions of their personality that are claimed to be tailored for them but are actually vague and apply to a wide range of people, explaining the popularity of astrologers, mediums, fortune tellers, etc.
In 1948 German philosophy prof. Eugen Herrigel (1884-1955) pub. Zen in the Art of Archery, bringing Zen to postwar Europe.
In 1948 Thomas Merton (1915-68), a Trappist monk since Dec. 10, 1941 at Gethsemani Abbey in Bardstown (near Louisville), Ky. pub. the bestselling autobio. (3M copies) The Seven Storey Mountain, causing scores of WWII vets and students to flock to Roman Catholic monasteries across the U.S.; he dies in Dec. 10, 1968 in Bangkok, Thailand after being electrocuted by an electric fan in a bathtub while attending an ecumenical conference of Catholic and Buddhist monks; he is buried at his abbey.
On Mar. 29, 1948 British psychic researcher Harry Price (1881-1948) died after a long career exposing fake spiritualists, leaving Confessions of a Ghost-Hunter (1936).
In 1948 London, England-born Princeton U. philosopher Walter Terence Stace (1886-1967) pub. the essay Man Against Darkness in The Atlantic Review, claiming that the spirit of scientific enquiry has bolstered religious skepticism by undermining belief in a Final Cause, leading to loss of belief in freewill and moral relativity, which he counters by "learning to live virtuously and happily, or at least contentedly, without illusions." In 1960 he pub. The Teachings of the Mystics, popularizing the subject. In 1960 he also pub. Mysticism and Philosophy. He leaves the soundbyte "Either God is a mystery or He is nothing at all. To ask for a proof of the existence of God is on a par with asking for a proof of the existence of beauty. If God does not lie at the end of any telescope, neither does he lie at the end of any syllogism."
In 1948 Columbia, Mo.-born mathematician Norbert Wiener (1894-1964) pub. Cybernetics; or, Control and Communication in the Animal and Machine, defining Cybernetics (Gr. "steer", "navigate") as "the scientific study of control and communication in the animal and the machine", anticipating the Computer Rev. His Anselmo, Neb.-born student Jay Wright Forrester (1918-) founds System Dynamics. His Vienna, Austria-born student Heinz von Foerster (1911-2002) comes up with the Doomsday Equation, predicting that world. pop. will become infinite on Nov. 13, 2026 (Fri.).
In 1948 The Katakamuna Documents are presented to eccentric scientist Narasaki in the mountains of C Japan, written in a strange geometrical script.
In 1949 after traveling to Europe in 1924 and meeting Jiddu Krishnamurti on his return journey, turning him on to the subject, White Plains, N.Y.-born Joseph John Campbell (1904-87) pub. The Hero With a Thousand Faces, original title "How to Read a Myth", which points out similarities between Western and Eastern religions, and introduces the "monomyth" (hero's journey); "Truth is one, the sages speak of it by many names."
On Oct. 29, 1949 Greek-Armenian Esoteric Christianity teacher George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (1866-1949) dies, leaving his "All and Everything" trilogy, incl. Beelzebub's Tales to His Grandson (1950), Meetings with Remarkable Men (1963), and Life is Real Only Then, When I Am (1974). He leaves the soundbyte "Man lives his life in sleep, and in sleep he dies." In 1949 before dying he pub. the work of his late student Pyotr Demianovich Ouspensky (Ouspenskii) (1878-1947) titled In Search of the Miraculous: Fragments of an Unknown Teaching, explaining his system. One of Gurdjieff's biggest disciples was Am. lesbian writer Margaret Caroline Anderson (1886-1973), ed. of The Little Review, and lover of tenor Enrico Caruso's widow Dorothy Caruso.
In 1949 after a 15-year study of the Temple of Luxor in Egypt, French Theosophist Rene Adolphe Schwaller de Lubicz (1887-1961) (AKA Aor - "Light of the Higher Mind") pub. The Temple in Man, applying sacred geometry and numerology to analyzing it. In 1977 Robert Lawlor (1939-), a student of him and Sri Aurobindo pub. an English trans., followed by Sacred Geometry: Philosophy and Practice (1979), Earth Honoring: The New Male Sexuality (1991), and Homage to Pythagoras: Rediscovering Sacred Science (1994).
In 1949 after being ordained by Ernest Holmes in 1946, Irish-born Joseph Murphy (1898-1981) becomes minister of the Los Angeles Divine Science Church in Calif., building it into one of the largest New Thought congregations in the U.S.
In 1949 the San Francisco Renaissance in Calif. causes Alan Watts to be invited along with Bengali-born Sri Aurobindo disciple Haridas Chaudhuri (1913-75) by Stanford U. religion prof. Frederic Spiegelberg (1897-1994), and in 1951 they found the Am. Academy of Asian Studies (AAAS). In 1953 City Lights Bookstore (named after the 1931 Charles Chaplin film) at 261 Columbus Ave. in San Francisco, Calif. is founded by unwholesome-but-not-exiled bearded Yonkers, N.Y.-born poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti (1919-) and Peter D. Martin as the first all-paperback bookstore in the U.S., and it becomes home to the growing anti-materialist nonviolent anti-establishment Beat Generation of poets (they had grappled with affluence and lost and were consequently beat by the system, or just liked jazz beats, or like to beat their meat?), which went along with the Beatnik Movement, which began in Los Angeles' Venice West; males like beards, khaki trousers, and sandals; females like tousled hair, black leotards, and thick "raccoon" makeup around their eyes; Jean-Louis "Jack" Kerouac (1922-69), (Irwin) Allen Ginsberg (1926-97), and William Seward Burroughs II (1914-97) become the Beat Trinity, producing benzedrine-fueled speed-rap "bop kaballa"; Times Square bi con artist and junkie Herbert Huncke (1915-96), AKA "the Mayor of 42nd St." gives the Beats their name. In 1968 Chaudhuri founds the Calif. Inst. of Integral Studies in San Francisco, which expands to enroll 1.4K students annually; too bad, after earning accreditation for the Doctor of Psychology degree from the Am. Psychological Assoc. (APA) in 2003, it is revoked in 2011. Integral Psychology is defined as "a psychological system concerned with exploring and understanding the totality of the human phenomenon....(which) at its breadth, covers the entire body-mind-psyche-spirit spectrum, while at its depth... encompasses the previously explored unconscious and the conscious dimensions of the psyche, as well as the supra-conscious dimension traditionally excluded from psychological inquiry" (Bahman Shirazi).
No doubt about it, the Americans have the kookiest cults? On May 9, 1950 Tilden, Neb.-born science fiction writer Lafayette Ronald "L. Ron" Hubbard (1911-86) (AKA LHR) of Bay Head, N.J. pub. Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, from Greek "dia" + "nous" = through + mind, becoming the founding holy book of the Church of Scientology (founded in Camden, N.J. in Dec. 1953); it talks about "engrams", which are memories stored during periods of unconsciousness (post-natal or pre-natal), not accessible afterward by the consciousness, but which can bite back by giving primal commands that "aberrate" (depart from rational thought or behavior) and are "the very stuff of which insanity is made"; by the Dianetic (Greek for through-soul) process of "auditing" one individual can "clear" another of his engrams, raising his IQ and making him rational and responsible; after free plugs by Astounding Science Fiction ed. (since 1937) John Wood Campbell Jr. (1910-71), it stays on the New York Times bestseller list for 26 weeks without paid ads, sparking "the fastest growing movement in the U.S." (Los Angeles Daily News); it is pub. in Manhattan, N.Y. from a bldg. that in 1955 becomes the Church of Scientology of New York, which in 1980 moves next to Times Square; "The creation of Dianetics is a milestone for Man comparable to his discovery of fire and superior to his inventions of the wheel and the arch" (first line); "Dianetics is not in any way covered by legislation anywhere, for no law can prevent one man sitting down and telling another man his troubles, and if anyone wants a monopoly on dianetics, be assured that he wants it for reasons which have to do not with dianetics but with profit"; "A large proportion of allegedly feeble-minded children are actually attempted abortion cases... However many billions America spends yearly on institutions for the insane and jails for the criminals are spent primarily because of attempted abortions done by some sex-blocked mother to whom children are a curse, not a blessing of God... All these things are scientific facts, tested and rechecked and tested again"; "There is no national problem in the world today, which cannot be resolved by reason alone"; "The sexual pervert (and by this term Dianetics, to be brief, includes any and all forms of deviation in Dynamic II [i.e. sexuality] such as homosexuality, lesbianism, sexual sadism, etc., and all down the catalog of Ellis and Krafft-Ebing) is actually quite ill physically... he is very far from culpable for his condition, but he is also far from normal and extremely dangerous to society"; Hubbard forms the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation in Elizabeth, N.J., founds six Dianetics centers nationwide, and in Aug. speaks to 6K at the Shrine Auditorium in L.A., going on the radio in Dec. on 126 stations, presenting Sonya Bianca as "the world's first Clear", who turns out to be a dud who couldn't even remember the color of his tie; in 1951 he advises silence in the delivery room (since engrams can be accidentally created) and the laying of the newborn on the mother's abdomen before cutting the chord; Scientology cult members are eventually taught the pseudo-psychological concepts of Thought insertion, incl. incl. implants, "intentional installation of fixed ideas, contra-survival to the thetan"; he also incl. Space opera, incl. the civilization of Helatrobus, "a little pipsqueak government" that existed "between about 319 trillion years ago to about 256 trillion years ago", which left the Heaven implant 43 trillion years ago; he also teaches about the civilization of Xenu, the dictator of the Galactic Confederacy 75M years ago, who brought billions of his people to Teegeeack (Earth), then killed them using H-bombs, their essences haunting modern people (thetans) as body thetans (BT), which is trapped in MEST (matter, energy, space, and time) until the Scientologist rids the thetan of engrams and attains a state of Clear, then goes on to advance through the Bridge to Total Freedom to an Operating Thetan (OT) who can experience the self outside the body via exteriorization, and control both the self and the environment; "We have calculated that on average, each person on planet earth has 2,209 of these Body Thetans (BT's for short), Hubbard's term for the alien spirits, attached to you causing you to be constrained by Xenu's false reality. The average cost for Scientology to OT 8 is a mere USD 360,000, meaning that each BT only costs USD 163 to clear. Now that is a bargain if there ever was one" - just wait till they quote their prices? In 1960 Hubbard pub. Have You Lived Before This Life? On Apr. 28, 1973 the Church of Scientology begins the secret Snow White Program to find and remove "false" government files about itself and its founder L. Ron Hubbard, becoming known for excesses, stinking itself up and raising questions about its tax-exempt status as a religion. On July 7, 1977 the FBI raids the world HQ of the Church of Scientology in Los Angeles, Calif., and discovers evidence that they were conspiring to infiltrate, burglarize, and bug offices of the IRS and U.S. Dept. of Justice, along with a 19-page plan to sabotage IRS investigations that they called Operation Snow White, becoming the largest infiltration of the U.S. govt. in history, with up to 5K secret agents; 11 Scientologists incl. Mary Sue Hubbard (1931-2002), 3rd wife (1952-86) of founder L. Ron Hubbard (1911-86) are later convicted, causing Hubbard to go into hiding for the rest of his life. On June 24, 2005 Hollyweird and Scientology superstar Tom Cruise tells Matt Lauer, "You don't know the history of psychiatry."
In 1950 after flying with Charles Lindbergh, pub. many sci-fi stories in Weird Tales et al., and serving in WWII, USMC Maj. Donald Edward Keyhoe (1897-1988) pub. the bestseller (500K copies) The Flying Saucers Are Real, based on his popular article of the same title in the Jan. issue of True (pub. Dec. 26, 1949), arguing that aliens have been observing the Earth for 200+ years, stepping it up after the 1945 atomic bomb explosions, and that the USAF is trying to cover it up. In 1953 he pub. Flying Saucers from Outer Space, filled with interviews and official reports from the USAF, which make a fan of Carl Jung. In 1955 he pub. The Flying Saucer Conspiracy, followed by Flying Saucers: Top Secret (1960). On Oct. 24, 1956 he, Am. physicist Thomas Townsend Brown (1905-85) et al. found the Nat. Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena (NICAP), with Keyhoe becoming dir. in 1957, calling for Congressional hearings into UFOs, with membership peaking at 15K in the mid-1960s until the 1968 Condon Committee Report causes it to drop to 5K, then disbanding in 1980 after allegations of CIA infiltration. In 1973 he pub. Aliens from Space: The Real Story of Unidentified Flying Objects, proposing Operation Lure to lure ETs to Earth.
On Aug. 3, 1950 Jewish-Am. scholar Immanuel Velikovsky (1895-1979) pub. the NYT bestseller Worlds in Collision, claiming that a comet-like object was ejected from Jupiter in the 15th cent. B.C.E., changing the Earth's orbit and axis and causing catastrophes that are described in the Bible, then settled down as the new planet Venus, after which in the 8th-7th cents. B.C.E., Mars acted up, causing more catastrophes, after which everything settled down and here we are let me tell you all about it?; an imaginative erudite pseudo-scientific Bible-thumping alternative to standard science that pisses-off the scientific establishment (Harlow Shapley, Carl Sagan et al.) so much that they begin a boycott of Macmillan's textbooks, causing them to drop it in 2 mo. despite being a bestseller, after which Doubleday says ka-ching ka-ching thanks.
In 1951 after being contacted by Ascended Master El Morya in 1944 and anointed as a Messenger for the Great White Brotherhood, Geraldine Innocente (-1961) founds the Bridge to Freedom New Age church; in 1952 she claims to receive the following message from Sanat Kumara: "I had nothing to work with but Light and Love, and many centuries passed before even two lifestreams applied for membership - One, later became Buddha (now, Lord of the World, the Planetary Logos Gautama Buddha) and the Other, became the Cosmic Christ (Lord Maitreya, now the Planetary Buddha). The Brotherhood has grown through these ages and centuries until almost all the offices are held now by those belonging to the evolution of Earth and those who have volunteered to remain among her evolution." After she passes on June 21, 1961, Elizabeth Clare Wulf (Prophet) claims to be contacted by Master Morya and selected as the next Messenger.
In 1951 Oak Park, Ill.-born humanistic psychologist Carl Ransom Rogers (1902-87) pub. Client-Centered Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory, describing Client-Centered (Person-Centered) Therapy, which uses a comfortable non-judgmental environment filled with congruence (genuineness), empathy, and unconditional positve regard to help clients realize how their attitudes, feelings, and behavior are negatively affected and achieve their true positive potential.
In 1951 after emigrating to the U.S. in 1947 and learning English, Starzeddel, Germany-born Protestant existentialist theologian (agnostic or atheist?) Paul Johannes Tillich (1886-1965) begins pub. Systematic Theology (3 vols.) (1951-63); "What Whitehead was to American philosophy, Tillich has been to American theology" (Georgia Harkness). In 1952 he pub. The Courage to Be. In 1957 he pub. Dynamics of Faith. In 1936 he pub. The Interpretation of History, talking about the Kairos (Gr. "supreme moment"), a crisis in history which creates an opportunity and demand for an existential decision by a believer, i.e., the Second Coming.
In 1951 the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society pub. What Has Religion Done for Mankind?; answer: nothing?; "Now, for the first time in human history, all the civilizations that have survived till today are in turmoil at the same time. This is most unusual. It must be very significant. Religion cannot be divorced from responsiblity for the situation, for from the beginning religion has been connected with every civilization that has arisen on the face of the earth. That is why it is sorely feeling the effects of the worsening situation. That is why it is under judgment. Is history now overtaking religion? Are its sins, long indulged in, catching up with it and finding it out while the whole world looks on? Is it now reaping the fruitage of what it has sown for centuries?" In 1963 they pub. Babylon the Great Has Fallen! God's Kingdom Rules! (by Fred Franz), a kick-ass book ramping up Alexander Hislop, portraying not just the Catholic Church but all of the Protestant sects as corrupt, and themselves as the only avenue where the holy photographers will snag us for the Armageddon Parade. In 1973 they pub. God's Kingdom of a Thousand Years Has Approached; "An examination of much evidence in the Holy Bible and Twentieth-century World History on whether God's Millennial Kingdom will begin in blessings within our own generation... (Rev. 20:4,6)"; bolsters the belief that Armageddon is coming in this decade, causing a rush of new members, followed by a great defection after it doesn't pan out, after which the sect never again tries to guess a date; "Although the Bible was written by men, mere imperfect men, as secretaries or amanuenses, that sacred Book does not in its own pages claim to be the word of man. It is the work of divine inspiration, and so it is written over the name of 'the Most High himself, and the One living to time indefinite'. To this modern day of ours He takes the responsibility for what it says about the past and of the future before us."
In 1952 after being ordained by the United Methodist Church in 1922, then quitting in 1932 to minister the Marble Collegiate Reformed Church in New York City (for 50+ years), Bowersville, Ohio-born Norman Vincent Peale (1898-1993) (student of Ernest Holmes) pub. the bestseller (5M copies) The Power of Positive Thinking, so appealing a mix of Christianity and materialism that it can't help but become a big bestseller?; "Change your thoughts and you change the world"; "When you become detached mentally from yourself and concentrate on helping other people with their difficulties, you will be able to cope with your own more effectively. Somehow, the act of self-giving is a personal power-releasing factor"; too bad in 1960 he stinks himself up as a spokesman for 150 Protestant clergymen who oppose the election of John F. Kennedy as U.S. pres., with the soundbyte: "Faced with the election of a Catholic, our culture is at stake."
In 1952 Idaho-born mystic Annalee Skarin (Nansela Mathews) (1899-1988) pub. her first book Ye Are Gods, which promotes love, praise, and gratitude to achieve "translation" directly to Heaven to avoid the "dreary backdoor entrance" of physical death, getting her excommunicated by the LDS Church.
Just the man for them pesky Commie banana republics? On Feb. 26, 1953 Gen. Walter Bedell Smith resigns, and his deputy (since Aug. 1951) Allen Welsh Dulles (1893-1969) (brother of John Foster Dulles) is appointed dir. #5 of the CIA (until Nov. 29, 1961) (first civilian and longest serving dir. until ?), rising to the top of the U.S. spy chain during the Cold War; on Apr. 13 he authorizes the secret Project MKUltra in Montreal, Canada, which goes on to use humans as guinea pigs in an attempt to "crush the human psyche to the point that it would admit anything", "depatterning" and "psychic driving" patients by torturing them with electroshocks and drug-induced comas into a permanent coma etc.; in July 1963 it pub. the KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual; the tortures are run by Scottish-born psychiatrist Donald Ewen Cameron (1906-67), pres. of the Am. Psychiatric Assoc. (APA) in 1952-3.
The Science of Biology gets its Trinity of Watson-Crick-and-I-forget? On Feb. 28, 1953 Chicago-born U.S. biologist James Dewey Watson (1928-) and British Cambridge U. model-making molecular biologist Francis Harry Compton Crick (1916-2004) announce their discovery of "the secret of life", the neat transvestite double-helix structure of DNA, then pub. a 1-page article in the Apr. 25 issue of Nature, drooling "This structure has novel features that are of considerable biological interest", later sharing the 1962 Nobel Med. Prize for it with Kiwi physicist Maurice H.F. Wilkins (1916-2004), who verifies the structure with X-ray diffraction; meanwhile Wilkins' colleague Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920-58) of Kings College, who also pub. an article in the Apr. 25 issue on her X-ray diffraction studies, and whose work allowed the discovery is left out of the prize - no wonder girls hate math?
In 1953 Atlanta, Ga.-born Ann Ree Colton (1898-1984) of Glendale, Calif. founds the Christian New Age religion of Niscience, "superconscious knowing" beyond academic knowledge.
In 1954 former football player and U.S. naval officer Uell Stanley Andersen (1917-86) pub. the Law of Attraction book Three Magic Words: The Key to Power and Personal Peace (rev. in 1972). In 1958 Andersen pub. The Secret of Secrets: Your Key to Subconscious Power, containing the soundbyte: "Universal Mind is a vast and all-encompassing mental and spiritual being in whom all things and events exist. The principal quality of this Mind is that it is just one, infinite in size, eternal in scope, and nothing exists outside It. It is an enormous sea of consciousness, pervading all, supporting all, and individual consciousness grows out of It. All things are made from It; It is rock, sea, bird, beast, man. All things in their true essence, then, are mental, or spiritual, and the rock itself is not a rock at all but merely an example of enclosed or restricted consciousness. Awareness is in the rock. Universal Mind is there." In 1970 he pub. Success Cybernetics: Practical Applications of Human Cybernetics, followed by The Magic in Your Mind (1975), The Greatest Power in the Universe (1976), and The Secret Power of the Pyramids (1977). In 2010 fan Michael Perlin releases the documentary 3 Magic Words.
In 1954 after receiving an inheritance at age 16 allowing her to study and self-publish, Atlanta, Ga.-born Corinne Heline (1882-1975) pub. her magnum opus The New Age Bible Interpretation (7 vols.). She also pub. Color and Music in the New Age, Healing and Regeneration through Color and Music, Mysteries of the Holy Grail, The Cosmic Harp, The Bible and the Stars, Magic Gardens: A Symbolic Rendering of Angelic Communion with Man Through the Medium of Flowers et al.
In 1954 after displaying brain patterns on a CRT using implanted electrodes in 1951, St. Paul, Minn.-born neuroscientist John Cunningham Lilly (1915-2001) of the Nat. Inst. of Mental Health invents the isolation tank, going into dolphin research and human-dolphin communication; in 1961 he and other scientists at the Green Bank Observatory in W. Va. form the Order of the Dolphin to discuss the use of radio astronomy to detect evidence of extraterrestrial intelligent life; in 1972 Lilly pub. The Center of the Cyclone: An Autobiography of Inner Space, about his LSD and ketamine trips in isolation tanks, and his spiritual training by Oscar Ichazo in Chile, helping him achieve the maximum degree of Satori-Samadhi consciousness. On Dec. 25, 1980 Ken Russell's film Altered States, based on the 1978 Paddy Chayefsky novel about Lilly's work stirs, er, stars William Hurt (1950-) in his film debut as acid-zonked isolation tank psychoresearcher Edward "Eddie" Jessup, who undergoes an Ayahuasca ceremony in Mexico with Banisteriopsis caapi root, reverses his own evolution, and has cosmic sex with wife Emily Jessup (Blair Brown); also stars Bob Balaban; also the film debut of Drew Barrymore; score by John Corigliano, who loses the Oscar for sound to "The Empire Strikes Back"; dir. William Penn, SFX man John Dykstra, and screenwriter Paddy C. all end up leaving the project - must have gone outta their minds?
In 1954 Ruth E. Norman (nee Nields) (1900-93) (AKA Uriel) and her hubby Ernest L. Norman (1904-71) (who claims to be a reincarnation of Jesus and Archangel Raphiel) found the Unarius Academy of Science in Los Angeles, Calif.; too bad, in 1974 Ruth predicts the coming of the Space Brothers, a fleet of benevolent ETs, and when they don't show up she keeps setting new dates - welcome to sunny California, home of every kook religion known, even before the PC revolution?
In 1954 Chicago, Ill.-born psychologist James Olds (1922-76) and Peter Milner of McGill U. discover the Brain Reward System in rats, involving the Brain Pleasure Center, driving drug addiction et al., later finding it in other animals and humans.
Speaking of the pleasure center of the brain? On Feb. 10, 1954 the U.S. govt. starts going after Austrian-born psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich (1897-1957), who has been building and selling silly metal-plated wooden booths called Orgone Accumulators (the original porno peek booths?), seeking an injunction preventing their interstate shipment, incl. all associated lit.; after he fails to contest it, it is granted on Mar. 19 by the puppet judge, then used to have him arrested in May 1956, after which he dies in a federal pen, already neatly diagnosed by a govt. psychiatrist as "paranoia manifested by delusions of grandiosity and persecution and ideas of reference" - jailed for the federal crime of booth-shipping or a thought crime?
In 1955 French Jesuit priest Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955) posth. pub. The Phenomenon of Man (Le Phenomene Humain), written in 1938, but withheld from pub. so he doesn't have to leave the priesthood, explaining his concepts of the Omega Point (mental Second Coming) and the Law of Complexity/Consciousness; coins the term "Noosphere" (the biosphere of the mind); "Just as man, in the eyes of the paleontologist, merges anatomically into the mass of mammals who preceded him, so the cell, in the same descending series... merges into the world of chemical structure and visibly converges towards the molecule"; he also leaves the soundbyte: "Someday after mastering winds, waves, tides and gravity, we shall harness the energies of love, and then, for the second time in the history of the world, man will discover fire" - and the whole Universe merges into a marble that blew up?
In 1955 the Aetherius Society is founded in the U.K. by George King (1919-97), who claims telepathic contact with alien intelligence Aetherius, rep. of an Interplanetary Parliament.
In 1955 The Urantia Book (The Fifth Epochal Revelation) is pub. anon. in Chicago by the Urantia Foundation, 2,097 pages about the origin and meaning of life, God, Jesus, Thought Adjusters and Mystery Monitors. giving Urantia as the true name of Earth, and espousing a spiritualist philosophy attempting to unite religion, science, and philosophy; "A rich and complex moral narrative, equal parts of Tolkien and St. Paul"; becomes public domain in 1983/2006.
On Jan. 1, 1956 New York City-born social psychologist Leon Festinger (1919-89) et al. pub. When Prophecy Fails: A Social and Psychological Study of a Modern Group That Predicted the Destruction of the World, about a small cult called the Seekers led by Chicago, Ill. housewife (ex-Scientologist) Dorothy Martin (1900-92) that claimed to be receiving messages from the "Guardians" from another planet, who told them that a flood would destroy the world on Dec. 21, 1954; when it failed to materialize, instead of giving up their beliefs they claimed that the "Force of Good and Light" the members spread through the world caused it to be spared, and she changes her name to Sister Thedra and founds the Assoc. of Sananda and Sanat Kumara, which survives her death. In 1957 Festinger pub. his theory of Cognitive Dissonance.
In 1956 Plympton, Devon, England-born plumber's son Cyril Henry Hoskin (1910-81) pub. The Third Eye, claiming that his body has been taken over by Tibetan Buddhist lama Tuesday Lobsang Rampa after he fell out of a fir tree in his garden in Thames Ditton, Surrey while trying to photograph an owl, causing controversy that just makes him more popular?
In 1957 after having a spiritual experience in Denver, Colo. last year, Oakland, Calif.-born Hinduism (Shaivism) convert Sivaya Subramuniyaswami (Robert Hansen) (1927-2001) AKA Gurudeva founds the Himalayan Academy near Presidio Park in San Francisco, Calif., becoming the first Hindu temple in the U.S. in 1979 he founds the mag. Hinduism Today; in 1985 he invents Pancha Ganapti, the Hindu alternative to Christmas and Hanukkah; in 1992 the $16M white granite San Marga Iraivan Temple in Kauai, Hawaii (first all-stone temple in the U.S.) is begun under his dir.; it is not finished until ?.
In 1958 Indian guru Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Mahesh Prasad Varma) (1918-2008) begins a series of world tours to teach Transcendental Meditation (ends 1965), which catches on and becomes popular with celebs incl. the Beatles, and Donovan Philips Leitch (1946-), who in Feb. 1968 visit him in India; in Nov. 1968 Donovan releases the hit Atlantis.
In 1958 Dutch-born holistic health practitioner Jack Schwarz (1924-2000) founds Aletheia Foundation in Grants Pass, Ore. to combine science and spirituality, with the soundbyte "All of your body is in your mind, but not all of your mind is in your body." When he dies his wife Lois takes over.
In 1958 after reading the works of Gerald Heard and Aldous Huxley and ditching Methodism for mysticism, Suzhou, China-born Am. Vedanta, Zen, and Sufi student Huston Cummings Smith (1919-) pub. the bestseller (2M copies) The World's Religions: Our Great Wisdom Traditions (The Religions of Man), introducing the public to comparative religion. In 1994 he helps Congress pass the U.S. Am. Indian Religious Freedom Act so that Native Ams. can use peyote as a religious sacrament.
On Feb. 27, 1959 (his birthday) the Mahikari (Jap. "true light") cult in Japan (1M members by 1978) is founded when founder Yoshikazu Okada (1901-74) allegedly receives a revelation that he has been appoined to save humanity from destruction; it relies on the Takenouchi Documents, unveiled in 1928, which claim that all religions trace to Japan, and that all the religious leaders of the past either visited or died there incl. Lao Tzu, Moses, and Jesus; too bad, the Japanese govt. confiscates them during WWII, and they are lost in air raids.
On Mar. 10, 1959 the 1959 Tibetan Uprising (Rebellion) sees a revolt erupt in Lhasa, causing the Red Chinese army to move in on Mar. 12 and order 24-y.-o. Tibetan Dalai Lama #14 (1950-) "His Holiness" Tenzin Gyatso (Lhamo Dhondrub) (1931-) to report to their military camp in Lhasa, pissing-off Tibetan Buddhists, who on Mar. 17 stage a march of 5K Tibetan women carrying banners reading "Tibet for Tibetans", presenting an appeal at the Indian consulate; on Mar. 17 Chinese troops fire two mortar shells at the Dalai Lama's Potala Palace, and six hours later under cover of darkness he sneaks out wearing a soldier's uniform carrying a gun, and flees Tibet for N India through a pass in the Himlayas, arriving on Mar. 31; on Mar. 18 protests in Lhasa lead to violence, after which the Chinese conquer Tibet in Mar., killing 57K by the end of the year; in India the Dalai Lama espouses the "Middle Way", a policy of peacefully working with China for autonomy rather than independence; too bad, China closes Tibet off from the world for the next quarter of a cent., instituting a genocide that kills 15% of the pop., importing masses of Chinese to displace the Tibetans and destroying all traces of Tibetan culture incl. art, writings, and 6K monasteries, while making any resistance or even ownership of a photo of the Dalai Lama a crime; the CIA supports Tibetan freedom fighters until Nixon's 1972 visit to China, then cuts them loose. The Dalai Lama wins the 1989 Nobel Peace Prize, becoming a worldwide spiritual leader. In 1995 he identifies the Panchen Lama (the #2 figure in Tibetan Buddhism, and his likely successor), a 6-y.-o. boy, causing the Chinese to detain him in China, where he isn't heard from until ? In 1998 he pub. The Art of Happiness, which incl. the soundbyte "The very purpose of our life is happiness." In 2012 he pub. Beyond Religion: Ethics for a Whole World.
On Oct. 2, 1959 U.S. commercial TV deviates from its usual vapidity with the debut of The Twilight Zone (B&W), narrated by sterling silver genius Rod Serling (1924-75) for 156 episodes (until June 19, 1964); the cool Twilight Zone Theme was composed by Romanian-born French composer Marius Constant (1925-2004); the first episode is Where Is Everybody?, starring Earl Holliman; on Nov. 20 episode #8 Time Enough At Last debuts, based on a 1953 short story by Lyn Venable, starring Burgess Meredith as nearsighted bookworm Henry Bemis; on Jan. 22, 1960 episode #16 The Hitch-Hiker debuts, starring Inger Stevens as Nan Adams, and creepy Leonard Strong as the hitchhiker; when she later commits suicide and it is revealed that she had a semi-secret black hubby, the phrase "Going my way?" gets a new meaning?
Just another manic Monday, wish it was Sunday, that's my Funday? Good safe mass-middle-class easy-transporation no-internal-borders U.S. finally gets a positive-thinking grassroots Commie-free capitalist movement going, revealing all of capitalism's strengths and weaknesses while keeping everybody clean and sweet smelling? In 1959 after being influenced by Napoleon Hill et al., Amway (American Way) Corp. is founded by Richard M. DeVos Sr. (1926-) and Jay Van Andel (1924-2004) in Ada, Mich. on a single product, LOC (liquid organic cleanser), sold door-to-door, then steadily expanding to 450+ products doing $6.4B a year in 80 nations in 2005 and $11.3B in 2012; after the clever Amway Multi-Level Marketing Plan is developed (where each distributor splits his kickback from the distributor above with the distributors below based on a global formula that rewards the amount of volume done on a sliding scale, but also rewards having a set of balanced subdealers rather than just one subdealer so they can't become parasites) it quickly evolves into a uniquely Am. pseudo-religion as distributors sign up more distributors, who sign up more, who sign up more, without any theoretical limit, until the lucky few that end up with the biggest orgs. become Moses-like prophets holding huge pep rally conventions and living the life of Croesus without guilt under the coverstory of motivating their people, but in reality are faced with a religious struggle if they're nominally Christian, and the result by the late 1980s is to back the Repub. Party and Reaganomics?; unfortunately it ends up getting oversold to zillions of suckas without explaining the time and overhead expenses required to make it profitable, while others set up their own independent distribution networks for different products based on the Amway plan, giving it a bad name as they try to make their profit on the start-up kits and then vanish; the truth eventually outs that almost all the sales are to the distributors themselves, buying and using home care products at wholesale to generate some volume, so that it amounts to little more than a grassroots network to take away soap sales from supermarkets while filling people with false hope.
In 1959 after studying Esoteric Christianity with Ethiopian Jew Abdullah and giving lectures in Los Angeles, Calif., Barbados-born Am. Metaphysics teacher Neville Lancelot Goddard (1905-72) begins experiencing The Promise, which he claims supersedes The Law, promising a future union with the godhead after death. "You pass through a door, that's all that death is, and you are restored to life instantly in a world like this, just this world... [and] you go on there with the same problems you had here with no loss of identity, not old, not blind, not crippled, if you depart this life that way, but young." In the new world "They grow, and they marry, and they die there, too, with all the fear of death that we have here. And if they die there without experiencing The Promise, they are restored to life again and again in a place best suited to the work yet to be done in them. And it continues until 'Christ be formed in You' and as 'Sons of The Resurrection' you leave this world of death never to enter it again." After being asked about Hell, he quotes the Bible "Not one shall be lost in all my holy mountain", explaining "You are God, and how could God eternally condemn Himself?"; "Imagining creates reality."
On June 1, 1961 Robert Anson Heinlein (1907-88) pub. the bestseller (5M copies) Stranger in a Strange Land (original title "The Heretic"), about human Valentine Martin Smith, who was raised by Martians and brought back to Earth, transforming society a la the Biblical book of Exodus into organized religion-free counterculture free love anything goes hippiedom; coins the terms "grok"and "grokked"; becomes the Bible of the hippie movement; "Once upon a time there was a Martian named Valentine Martin Smith" (opening).
Just in time to arrange a trip for JFK? On Sept. 19-20, 1961 (night) the Hill Abduction (Zeta Reticuli Incident) sees the first Grey Aliens being reported to have abducted mixed-race couple Betty Hill (1919-2004) and Barney Hill (1923-69) of Portsmouth on U.S. Route 3 near Lancaster in the er, White Mts. of N.H., who describe them as "bald-headed alien beings, about five foot tall, with greyish skin, pear shaped heads and slanting cat-like eyes", who show Betty a star map of star system Zeta Reticuli 39.5 l.y. from Earth, causing John Grant Fuller Jr. (1913-90) to pub. the bestseller The Interrupted Journey: Two Lost Hours Aboard a Flying Saucer in 1966; meanwhile Betty's niece Kathleen Marden investigates, becoming dir. of abduction research for MUFON, and pub. Captured! The Betty and Barney Hill UFO Experience in 2007.
On Oct. 20, 1962 Honolulu, Hawaii-born Scientologist, Ouija Board jockey, and Tarot Card master John Starr Cooke (1920-76) channels "the One" and introduces T: The New Tarot for the Aquarian Age.
On Oct. 30-Nov. 6, 1962 Meher Baba holds the East-West Gathering in Pune, India. On Oct. 6, 1966 Calif. passes the Grunsky Bill, criminalizing LSD, after which other states speedily follow suit, causing the impossible-to-stop drug to become more popular?; meanwhile Meher Baba comes out against any spiritual benefits of LSD. On Jan. 31, 1969 he dies in Meherazad, India; his last last words (gestures): "Do not forget that I am God." He is known for the soundbyte "Don't worry, be happy." Follower Pete Townshend of The Who dedicates the May 23, 1969 rock album Tommy to him.
In 1962 Cincinnati, Ohio-born Thomas Samuel Kuhn (1922-96) pub. the bestseller The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, which introduces the term "paradigm shift".
In 1962 Esalen Inst. in Big Sur, Calif. is founded by Michael Murphy (1930-) and Dick Price (1930-85) to realize Aldous Huxley's "human potentialities", founding the Human Potential Movement (HPM); the same year the Findhorn Foundation in Findhorn, Moray, Scotland is founded by Eileen Caddy (1917-2006), Peter Caddy (1917-94), and Dorothy Maclean (1920-); both help found the New Age Movement. In 1970-3 Columbus, Ohio-born David Spangler (1945-) helps transform the Findhorn Foundation into a center of residential spiritual education. In 1974 he and Chicago, Ill.-born William Irwin Thompson (1938-) found the Lindisfarne Assoc. In 1981 Thompson pub. The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture. New York City-born HPM leader Jean Houston (1937-) helps Hillary Clinton write It Takes a Village: And Other Lessons Children Teach Us (1996), counseling her to imagine a meeting with Eleanor Roosevelt, which the press twists into a seance.
In 1962 Mich. college physics teacher Robert Chester Wilson Ettinger (1918-2011) pub. The Prospect of Immortality, which launches the don't-cry-freeze Cryonics Movement, devoted to preserving people's hopes of being cured through cryogenic freezing until science advances enough to cure them, given that they can be successfully unfrozen; the first volunteer (man) is cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen in 1967.
In May 1963 genius-IQ Harvard psychology prof. ("the Pope of Dope") Timothy Leary (1920-96), who tried LSD for the first time a year earlier goes ape over it, claims that a woman experiences multiple orgasms from it, and predicts that 1M people will try it within 10 years, and is kicked out of his position at Harvard U., along with Jewish psychology prof. Richard Alpert (1931-); Alpert later goes to India and returns as guru Baba Ram Dass.
On Sept. 16, 1963 the B&W TV series The Outer Limits by Leslie A. Stevens III (1924-98) debuts on ABC-TV for 49 episodes (until Jan. 15, 1965), featuring episodes written by Harlan Jay Ellison (1934-) that are later used by James Cameron for his 1984 film "The Terminator"; on Oct. 14 David McCallum appears in episode #5 The Sixth Finger with pointy ears, which are later copied by Leonard Nimoy in "Star Trek"; the opening shows an oscilloscope screen with "Control Voice" Vic Perrin (1916-89) saying "There is nothing wrong with your television set. Do not attempt to adjust the picture. We are controlling transmission." Too bad, all the aliens are mean, sinister, and scary?
In 1963 after giving up on the Ouija Board, Saratoga Springs, N.Y.-born psychic Jane Roberts (1929-84) begins channeling the Seth Material, which is pub. in 1970, becoming the most influential New Age channeled text.
In 1964 after a false start at age 7, English medium Rosemary Isabel Brown (nee Dickeson) (1916-2001) begins channeling original compositions from dead composers incl. Bach, Brahms, Beethoven, Mozart, Liszt, Chopin, Schubert, Grieg, Debussy, Schumann, and Rachmaninoff; too bad, they seem to have all lost most of their originality.
On Sept. 17, 1964 the sitcom Bewitched debuts on ABC-TV for 254 episodes (until Mar. 25, 1972), portraying an Am. family of witches and warlocks as normal. In 1990 Wewoka, Okla.-born Salem, Mass. witch Laurie Cabot (1933-), owner of The Cat, The Crow, and The Crown store (founded 1971, becoming a tourist stop after Bewitched films some episodes on location in Salem), who was declared the official witch of Salem in the 1970s by Mass. Gov. Michael Dukakis pub. The Power of the Witch: The Earth, the Moon, and the Magical Path to Enlightenment, followed by Love Magic (with Tim Cowan) (1992), Celebrate the Earth: A Year of Holidays in the Pagan Tradition (1994), and The Witch in Every Woman: Reawakening the Magical Nature of the Feminine to Heal, Protect, Create, and Empower (1997).
In 1964 Arthur Findlay College in Essex, England is founded for psychics, producing grads incl. David Wells (1960-) and John Holland (1961-).
In 1965 Venice, Italy-born psychiatrist Roberto Assagioli (1908-74) pub. Psychosynthesis: A Collection of Basic Writings, describing Psychosynthesis, a spiritual holistic approach to psychology based on psychoanalysis, parting ways with his teacher Sigmund Freud by paying "far more attention to the higher unconscious and to the development of the transpersonal self. In one of his letters Freud said, 'I am interested only in the basement of the human being.' Psychosynthesis is interested in the whole building. We try to build an elevator which will allow a person access to every level of his personality." In 1974 he pub. The Act of Will.
In 1965 Tacoma, Wash.-born Frank Patrick Herbert Jr. (1920-86) pub. the novel Dune after it was rejected by 13 pubs. before Chilton (Radnor, Penn.) takes a chance on it, becoming the bestselling sci-fi novel of all time; about Paul Muaddib, the Messiah of water-challenged dune planet Arrakis, home of giant worms and the mind-expanding spice Melange, controlled by Muslim-like Fremen; "I must not fear; fear is the mind-killer" (Bene-Gesserits); the Space OPEC?; filmed in 1984 by David Lynch.
In 1965 Brazilian medium Joao de Deus (John of God) (Joao Teixeira de Faria) (1942-) begins his faith healing career, serving up to 3K a day with "psychic surgery", claiming to pull tumors (chicken livers?) out of their bodies etc.
In Jan. 1965 Am. journalist Ruth Shick Montgomery (1912-2001) pub. the bestseller (3M copies) A Gift of Prophecy: The Phenomenal Jeane Dixon, about Medford, Wisc.-born Roman Catholic psychic Jeane L. Dixon (Lydia Emma Pinckert) (1904-97), known for the Jeane Dixon Effect for promoting her few correct predictions while burying the incorrect ones, after which she turns psychic too and tries to become the new Nostrodamus, pub. A World Beyond: A Startling Message from the Eminent Psychic Arthur Ford from Beyond the Grave (1971), in which she claims she was Lazarus' 3rd sister Ruth and witnessed Jesus' circumcision, followed by Born to Heal: The Astonishing Story of Mr. A and the Ancient Art of Healing with Life Energies (1973), The World Before (1976), about Mu and Atlantis, Strangers Among Us: Enlightened Beings from a World to Come (1978), Aliens Among Us (1985), claiming that benevolent aliens pose as humans to guide us, and The World to Come: The Guides' Long-Awaited Predictions for the Dawning Age (1999).
In Oct. 1965 Paducah, Ky.-born ex-Scientologist (disciple of Swami Premananda Giri) John Paul Twitchell (1908-71) (Peddar Zaskq) founds Eckankar, claiming to be the Mahanta and Living ECK Master, ending his pronouncements with the soundbyte "I have spoken"; in 1969 he pub. Eckankar: The Key to Secret Worlds, containing the soundbyte: "The cosmic worlds are beyond the sight of man, but they are as authentic as the ground upon which we stand on this Earth Plane." After gaining many followers and stinking himself up with failed predictions of the end of the Vietnam War in 1968 and a 2nd term for LBJ, he has a heart attack on Sept. 17, 1971 in Cincinnati, Ohio after failing to name a successor, causing his wife Gail on Oct. 22, 1971 to name Denhoff, N.D.-born ex-Mennonite Darwin Gross (1928-2008), who on Oct. 22, 1981 appoints Wisc.-born Harold Klemp (1942-) (Wah Z), who actually claims to be Living Eck Master #973, moving the HQ from Menlo Park, Calif. to Chanhassen, Minn. (SE of Minneapolis) and changing the motto from "The ancient science of soul travel" to "The religion of the light and sound of God" to emphasize "everyday spirituality" incl. community service.
In 1965 Japanese-born George Ohsawa (Yukikazu Sakurazawa) (1893-1966) pub. You Are Sanpaku; tr. William Dufty; launches the macriobiotic food movement in the U.S., along with the George Ohsawa Macrobiotic Foundation in 1971; John Lennon becomes a fan.
In 1965 German-born Arno Allan Penzias (1933-) and Tex.-born Robert Woodrow Wilson (1936-) of Bell Labs pub. their discovery of the 3 deg. Kelvin Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR), supporting the Big Bang Theory, originally proposed in 1927 by Belgian Roman Catholic priest Georges Lemaitre (1894-1966), and taking it into primetime after the discovery of blue galaxies is announced on June 12, the blue color taken to mean that they're billions of light years away and therefore in the bloom of youth, winning them the 1978 Nobel Physics Prize; Am. physicist Robert Henry Dicke (1916-97) and Canadian-Am. physicist Phillip James Edwin "Jim" James Peebles (1935-) of Princeton U. independently derive the CMBR, and are in the process of building a radiometer to verify it when Penzias-Wilson scoop them just mi. away, and end up giving them more verification; better microwave detectors later lead know-it-all physicists to attempt to reconstruct the entire scenario in computers - it's complicated, it's complicated? In 1969 E.K. Conklin measures the absolute motion of the Sun through the CMBR as 308 km per sec.
On Apr. 8, 1966 Time mag. seizes the chance to cash in on Millennium Fever by pub. an issue with the cover story Is God Dead? Toward a Hidden God; the cover features "Is God Dead" in big devil-red letters on a Hell-black background; meanwhile on Apr. 30 (Walpurgisnacht) Chicago-born ex-circus roustabout, psychic, and organist (good actor) Anton Szandor LaVey (1930-97) comes out of the closet, shaves his head, and founds the Church of Satan in hip-to-it San Francisco, Calif., proclaiming 1966 as Year One Anno Satanas, going on to perform Satanic baptisms and be dubbed "the Black Pope" by the media, who makes him their 19666, er, 1966 darling? - it's red, it's rave? Hollyweird cashes in on Millennium Fever bigtime? On June 12, 1968 Roman Polanski's Rosemary's Baby (June 12 = 6, 6+6), based on the 1967 Ira Levin novel debuts, starring Mia Farrow as Rosemary Woodhouse, mother of baby 666, John Cassavetes as her Faustian actor hubby Guy Woodhouse, Sidney Blackmer and Ruth Gordon as their warlock-witch neighbors Roman Castevet (really Steven Marcato, son of warlock Adrian Marcato) and Minnie Castevet, Charles Grodin as Dr. Hill, Ralph Bellamy as Dr. Abraham Sapirstein, and Tony Curtis as the voice of actor Donald Baumgart, who is blinded so that Guy can get his big break to seal the deal; Vidal Sassoon does Farrow's hair for $5K; filmed in the Dakota in New York City's Upper West Side on W 72nd St. (later made famous by John Lennon and Yoko Ono) and called the "Black Bramford"; "He has his father's eyes"; "Satan is his father, not Guy. He came up from Hell and begat a son of mortal woman. Satan is his father and his name is Adrian. He shall overthrow the mighty and lay waste their temples. He shall redeem the despised and wreak vengeance in the name of the burned and the tortured. Hail, Adrian! Hail, Satan!"; "God is dead! Satan lives! The year is One! The year is one! God is dead!"; the name Adrian comes from the Latin "man from Hadria", a town in N Italy that gave us 2nd cent. C.E. Roman emperor Hadrian, but could be Hades?; part of a trilogy by Polanski on the horrors of apt.-dwelling incl. "Repulsion" (1965), and "The Tenant" (1976); "Look What's Happened to Rosemary's Baby" (1976) is made for TV; "Son of Rosemary" is written in 1997, and filmed in ?
To boldly crow where no Jim has crowed before? I'm a PC and I'm 8 years old? On Sept. 8, 1966 (Thur.) Star Trek: The Original Series, created by Tex.-born Eugene Wesley "Gene" Roddenberry (1921-91) debuts on NBC-TV for 79 episodes (until Apr. 4, 1969) with The Man Trap, starring Jeanne Bal (1928-96) as shape-shifting salt-sucking space siren Nancy Crater, unveiling a new technology-based Jesus-and-Muhammad-free futuristic leftist Jewish kingdom of heaven combined with a mostly white Wagon Train in Space show about the 23rd cent. voyages of the faster-than-light USS Enterprise NCC-1701, featuring Canadian Jewish actor William Shatner (1931-) as straight womanizing swashbuckling Capt. James Tiberius Kirk (born in Riverside, Iowa), the Capt. Horatio Hornblower of Space, who is so good at his job that he's allowed to break the rules, incl. sex with blacks, browns, yellows, greens, blues, non-humans, anything they can sign an acting contract with; Jewish-Am. actor Leonard Nimoy (1931-2015) plays his 2nd in command, pointy-eared half-human half-Vulcan half-Salmon super-smart Science officer Spock (blood type T-negative) (only mates once every 11 years) (likes to put his hand in the shape of the Hebrew letter shin because in real life he's Jewish); Ga.-born actor DeForest Kelly (1920-79) plays liquor-pouring Southern-drawling Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy, and Canadian actor James Doohan (1920-2005) plays Scottish engineer Scotty, who is the real brains of the ship, staying safely behind while the reckless captain and crew go beaming into danger and he takes the credit for superhuman repair work by inflating repair time estimates while swigging Scottish whiskey; on Sept. 15 episode #2 Charlie X stars Robert Hudson Walker Jr. (1940-), son of Robert Walker Sr. and Jennifer Jones as a space orphan raised by aliens who gets his first crush on a woman, Capt. Kirk's yeoman Janice Rand, played by Grace Lee Whitney (1930-), and can't grow up fast enough to avoid using his superhuman powers to destroy the ship until his alien parents intervene and take him back; in real life, Walker's mom Jennifer Jones cheated on his daddy then dumped him in 1945 for producer David O. Selznick, causing daddy to go nuts and become an alcoholic and have an early death in 1951, affecting him, while Whitney in real life was an orphan, and is cut from the show in the first season so that Kirk could have a guest babe each episode, causing her to spiral down also; episode #3 Where No Man Has Gone Before stars Gary Lockwood (1937-) as Lt. Cmdr. Gary Mitchell, who develops super-ESP when the Enterprise is driven over the edge of the galaxy; episode #9 Dagger of the Mind (Nov. 3) is about the Neural Neutralyzer Device; episode #21 Patterns of Force (Feb. 16, 1968) is about brilliant Starfleet Academy historian John Gill, who violates the Prime Directive on the planet Ekos and allows a clone of Nazi Germany to be created, which dopes him up and uses him as a puppet Hitler; episode #28 The City on the Edge of Forever (Apr. 6, 1967), written by Harlan Ellison and featuring a working Historyscope called the Guardian of Forever plus yummy Joan Henrietta Collins (1933-) as Am. Depression Era social worker Edith Keeler wins a Hugo Award; episode #29 (last of season 1) Operation Annihilate! (Apr. 13, 1967) (filmed Feb. 15, 1967) is set on the campus-like grounds of TRW Inc. in Redondo Beach, Calif; episode #35 The Doomsday Machine (Oct. 20, 1967) about a planet-eating machine is written by Norman Robert Spinrad (1940-); Theodore Sturgeon (Edward Hamilton Waldo) (1918-85) writes the screenplays for "Shore Leave" (1966), and "Amok Time" (1967), in which he invents the Vulcan Pon Farr mating ritual, the Vulcan benediction "Live long and prosper", and the Vulcan hand symbol; he also creates the Prime Directive; the show creates a new social class of fans called Trekkies (Trekkers), coined by Arthur William Saha (1923-99), incl. TLW, who took to emulating a Spock haircut in 9th grade (1967); too bad, after some go overboard, they get a bad name as nerdy escapist losers without a life; it's really an attempt to prepare youth for the New Age Movement?
In 1966 CIA polygraph expert Buck Blackster, er, Grover Cleveland "Cleve" Backster Jr. (1924-) begins experiments on plant consciousness by hooking one up to the leaves of a philodendron and observing that the electrical resistance changes when it is harmed or even threatened with harm; he also claims that human thoughts and emotions can be sensed by plants - macho carrots are bigger liars? In spring 1972 after being wowed by Backster's researches, San Francisco, Calif.-born IBM chemist Marcel Joseph Vogel (1917-91), creator of the Vogel Crystal Cut (51 deg. 51 min. 51 sec., just like the Great Pyramid of Giza) decides to research plant consciousness, recruiting Randall G. Fontes (1945-), who becomes the subject of the 1973 book by Peter Tompkins (1919-2007) and Christopher Bird (1928-96) titled The Secret Life of Plants: A Fascinating Account of the Physical, Emotional, and Spiritual Relations Between Plants and Man, which claims that polygraph tests on plants prove that they are sentient, with the soundbyte that they "might originate in a supramaterial world of cosmic beings which, as fairies, elves, gnomes, sylphs, and a host of other creatures, were a matter of direct vision and experience to clairvoyants among the Celts and other sensitives." In Nov. 1975 Fontes pub. his development of the Organic Biofield Sensor. In Sept. 1976 the syndicated TV series In Search of... debuts for 146 episodes (until Mar. 1982), hosted by Leonard Nimoy (1931-), featuring investigations into the paranormal; episode #1 features plant consciousness researcher Marcel Vogel. In 1979 Walton Green's Paramount Pictures film Journey through the Secret Life of Plants debuts, featuring cool music by Stevie Wonder.
In 1966 English artist-writer Eugene Halliday (1911-87) founds the Inst. for the Study of Hierological Values (ISHVAL), devoted to the insight that no school of thought has access to the only truth about reality, and no one religion possesses the only true path to God. "The one Eternal Religion which Hindu thought intuited appears in its historical aspect in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, as Law (Father), Love (Son) and Illuminative Knowledge (Holy Ghost). The Fourth Revelation (Maitreya) will but put these three together as of equal validity in the cosmic plan." In 1989 he pub. Reflexive Self-Consciousness, with the soundbyte: "It is the self, which is consciousness itself which is observing this thing, this self I am, I return to the self." In 1990 the 4-vol. Contributions from a Potential Corpse is pub. posth.
In 1966 the bakhti yoga Internat. Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) (AKA the Hare Krishnas) is founded in New York City by Abhay Charanaravinda Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (1896-1977), becoming known for proselytizing in public places; followers become known for hanging out in public places singing, dancing, peddling incense and begging, confronting Americans with the strange sight of fellow Americans dressed up like Indians and selling out their Western heritage?
In 1966 Canadian-born U. of Va. psychiatrist Ian Pretyman Stevenson (1918-2007) pub. Twenty Cases Suggestive of Reincarnation, going on to investigate 3K children who spontaneously remembered recent ordinary lives, some with birthmarks as supporting evidence. In 1982 he and 13 other scientists found the Society for Scientific Exploration (SSE), devoted to investigating what mainstream science pooh-poohs incl. UFOs, gaining 800 members in 45 countries by 2008. In 1997 he pub. Reincarnation and Biology: A Contribution to the Etiology of Birthmarks and Birth Defects (2 vols.) (1997), which describes 200 birthmark cases. He also pub. Where Reincarnation and Biology Intersect (1997), followed by European Cases of the Reincarnation Type (2003). In 1999 Washington Post ed. Tom Shroder (1954-) pub. Old Souls: Scientific Evidence from Children Who Remember Previous Lives, about Stevenson's research over 40 years. In 2005 after Stevenson retires in 2002 and hands him the baton, U. of Va. psychiatrist Jim B. Tucker pub. Life Before Life: A Scientific Investigation of Children's Memories of Previous Lives. Meanwhile in Australia, psychologist Peter Ramster carries on parallel research into reincarnation and regression with adults.
In 1966 Laredo, Tex.-born parapsychologist Jose Silva (1914-99) introduces the Silva Method, developed since the 1940s, a technnique for achieving the alpha state of 7-14 Hz. In 1989 he and Hawaii-based Robert B. Stone (1916-99) pub. pub. The Silva Mind Control Method for Getting Help from Your Other Side.
On Jan. 14, 1967 the Great Human Be-In is held in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, Calif. to a crowd of 20K-30K, drawing nat. attention to the Haight-Ashbury (the "world's first psychedelic city-state") scene, and introduces the word psychedelic to the U.S. masses; LSD guru Timothy Francis Leary (1920-96) proclaims the slogan "Turn on, Tune in, Drop out"; at the Gathering of the Tribe, "Buddhist Jew" poet Allen Ginsberg (1926-97) coins the term "Flower Power". In Feb. the album Surrealistic Pillow by the Jefferson Airplane is released, launching the "San Francisco Sound", and giving the scads of newly-minted hippies their own masturbatory music to accompany their new "counterculture" of drugs and sex (with the pill) in the upcoming Summer of Love while their country goes to pot over Vietnam, as Baby Boomers are easily recruited right in their maximum hormone years with the looming draft putting a candle under their asses; meanwhile the movement has a dark side, as "underground comics" such as Zap Comix (first issue pub. in Nov., 25 cents) by R. (Robert Dennis) Crumb (1943-) give them visual lessons in drug-taking and unmarried promiscuous sex, incl. "humping", "69", etc.; the unlucky males who were drafted into Vietnam are made to feel bad about forever missing the experience of having a free-loving pot-smoking birth-control-popping hippie girl who puts out and/or shacks up without a wedding ring on her finger (and just disappears into smoke when they want to split), even though they partially make up for it with disease-filled Vietnamese "love you long time" hookers. Da Summer of Love, Da Summer of Love? On June 1 the Beatles' album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is released in the U.K., followed by the U.S. on June 2, being certified gold the day of release; the album photo incl. an image of Marlon Brando from 1953's "The Wild One", and writer Terry Southern; it holds the #1 slot in Britain for 27 weeks and in the U.S. for 19 weeks; the Hippie theme is just right for the Summer of Love, which begins in the U.S. as the Hippie (Hippy) Movement arrives bigtime; on June 25 the 2.5-hour Our World Satellite Broadcast, with performers from 19 nations and an audience of 400M features the Beatles singing "All You Need is Love" along with an orchestra and invited friends incl. the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, Marianne Faithfull, Keith Moon, and Graham Nash - Baby Boomer activism begins with masturbating to Beatles music in white suburban bedrooms, then progresses to becoming hippies and moving into cheap lodgings, parks and communes and driving VW buses while getting high and practicing free love, after which the 1960s end and they get real, pair up and join the corporate ladder-climbing world and become Yuppies, changing everything they touch, all with the Vietnam War as their Judge?
In 1967 South African-born psychiatrist David Graham Cooper (1931-86) coins the term Anti-Psychiatry for the growing movement that regards psychiatrists as quacks or harmful.
On Apr. 4, 1967 after urging by exiled Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk Thich Nhat Hanh (1926-), Martin Luther King Jr. gives his Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence Speech at the Riverside Church in New York City, breaking his silence over Vietnam and splitting ranks with LBJ, attacking U.S. weapons sales to foreign countries, encouraging draft evasion, and proposing a merger between the ' civil rights and anti-Vietnam War movements, with the soundbyte: "I knew that I could never raise my voice against the violence of the oppressed in the ghettos without having first spoken clearly to the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today, my own government... Somehow this madness must cease"; King nominates Hanh for the 1967 Nobel Peace Prize but makes the mistake of revealing it and making a "strong request" to pick him, causing them to not award the prize at all - so you wanna be the black JFK?
On Oct. 20, 1967 the elusive 6-10 ft. 500+ lb. Bigfoot (Sasquatch) is allegedly photographed in Wash. state by Roger Patterson (-1972) and Robert Gimlin, whose Frame 352, showing a man in a monkey suit, er, real Sasquatch creates believers and fence-sitters; on Nov. 26, 2002 Raymond "Ray" L. Wallace (1918-2002), alleged creator of the hoax dies, and his relative spills the beans; meanwhile tenured Idaho State U. anatomy prof. D. Jeffrey Meldrum (1958-) takes up the cause, claiming that Bigfoot exists.
On Oct. 29, 1967 Hair: An American Tribal Love-Rock-Musical, by bi actor-lovers Gerome Bernard Ragni (1935-91) and James Rado (James Alexander Radomski) (1932-), with music by Canadian-born Galt MacDermot (1928-) opens off-Broadway in the Pubic, er, Public Theater of Joe Papp in Greenwich Village, followed by the Cheetah Nightclub in Manhattan for 1 mo., then opens on Broadway at the Biltmore Theatre next Apr. 29, running for 1,750 perf., followed by 1,998 more in London, introducing the rock musical, with ticket-selling nudity, drugs, profanity, multiracial cast, and irreverence for the U.S. flag, phony cops busting the show at the end of the first act, topped by a Hare Krishna chant and a Be-In finale that invites the audience onstage, becoming the first rock musical, and first nude scene in a commercial Broadway musical; stars Gerome Ragni as Bezar; set in the fall after the 1967 Summer of Love, complete with draft card burning; features the songs Hare Krishna, Aquarius, Good Morning Starshine, Let the Sun Shine In.
In summer 1967-Jan. 1968 the Rosenheim Poltergeist in S Bavaria is investigated by German parapsychologist (student of Carl Jung) Hans Bender (1907-91), making him a media star; he becomes known for brainy quotes, incl.: "You shall always find what you created in your mind, for instance, a benevolent God or an evil Devil. Between them are countless facets. Therefore, concentrate on the depth of your consciousness and on what you consider to be positive and good"; "Good and evil do not exist for me any more. The fear of evil is merely a mass projection here and on Earth"; "Things you create with your mind are always part of your postmortal life, whether they seem real or not"; "Please, do not visualize that we exist above you such as in heaven. The concepts above and below are products of your mind. The soul does not swing upwards. It exists in the center and orients itself in every direction."
In Sept. 1967 appaloosa horse Snippy (Lady) is reported killed and mutilated (heart and brain removed) by aliens from outer space by owner Nellie Lewis of Alamosa, Colo. , becoming the first reported victim of alien animal mutilation; in 2007 its skeleton is put up for auction on eBay with a minimum $50K asking price.
In 1967 the novel The Master and Margarita, written in 1937 by Soviet writer Mikhail Afanasyevich Bulgakov (1891-1940) is pub. posth.; Lucifer (Woland) visits Apt. #50 in Moscow in 1928 and debates the existence of Jesus Christ and the Devil with a poet and a critic, ending with an all-out indictment of the atheistic Soviet Union; "Manuscripts don't burn"; "second-grade fresh"; "No ID, no person"; "There's only one degree of freshness, the first, which is also the last"; "Not causing any trouble, not touching anything, fixing the stove" he burns the ms. and rewrites it from memory, making it better?; inspires the Rolling Stones' 1968 song "Sympathy for the Devil" and Salman Rushdie's "The Satanic Verses". On Dec. 11, 1968 the BBC airs The Rolling Stones' Rock and Roll Circus, starring Taj Mahal, The Who (lead guitar Pete Townshend), John Lennon and Yoko Ono's horrible band Dirty Mac (playing "Gitless", with Yoko Ono squawking like a monkey), and finishing with the Stone's Sympathy for the Devil in what amounts to a Satanic rite with everybody celebrating; Mick Jagger's words "Who killed the Kennedys, after all it was you and me" stun viewers so close to the assassination of RFK; the last appearance of Rolling Stones founder Brian Jones (who dies next year) with the Stones; the show is never reaired except once on VH1, then finally released to PBS in 2007; "Let's take a drink to the salt of the Earth."
In 1967 Leavittsburg, Ohio-born Roy Eugene Davis (1931-), a disciple of Paramahansa Yogananda begins pub. Truth Journal Mag., going on to found the Center for Spiritual Awareness in Lakemont, Ga. (75 mi. ESE of Chattanooga, Tenn.) in 1972.
In 1967 Haverhill, Mass.-born George Gurdjieff and Krishnamurti disciple Vernon Linwood Howard (1918-92) pub. Psycho-Pictography: The New Way to Use the Miracle Power of Your Mind, claiming that the subconscious is triggered into action by pictures far faster than words, with ads reading: "How to get something for nothing - how to materialize all your fondest dreams - make your dreams come true! How to really, actually double your wealth, and keep on multiplying it automatically - endlessly!" etc. In 1979 he founds the New Life Foundation, with the motto: "What you want also wants you. If you seek the celestial, the celestial also seeks you. There are no unanswered requests in the universe." In 1990 his student, Los Angeles, Calif.-born ex-musician Guy Finley (1949-) pub. The Secret of Letting Go, followed by many others incl. The Seeker, The Search, The Sacred: Journey to the Greatness Within, founding the Life of Learning Foundation in Merlin, Ore., and the OneJourney Project.
In 1967 Srinagar, India-born Gopi Krishna (1903-84) pub. his autobio. Kundalini: The Evolutionary Energy in Man (Living with Kundalini), popularizing Kundalini Yoga in the West; in 1934 he had his first Cunni, er, Kundalini experience, with the soundbyte: "Suddenly, with a roar like that of a waterfall, I felt a stream of liquid light entering my brain through the spinal cord. Entirely unprepared for such a development, I was completely taken by surprise; but regaining my self-control, keeping my mind on the point of concentration. The illumination grew brighter and brighter, the roaring louder, I experienced a rocking sensation and then felt myself slipping out of my body, entirely enveloped in a halo of light."
In 1967 Concordia, Mo.-born Christian faith healer Kathryn Johanna Kuhlman (1907-76) is exposed by Minn. surgeon William A. Nolen (1928-86), who studied 23 people who claimed to have been healed at her services, none of whom had actually been healed, incl. "one woman who was said to have been healed of spinal cancer, threw away her brace and ran across the stage at Kuhlman's command; her spine collapsed the next day, and she died 4 mo. later."
In 1968 Indian guru Siri Singh Sahib Harbhajan Singh Khalsa Yogiji (Harhajan Singh Puri) (AKA Yogi Bhajan) (AKA Siri Singh Sahib) (1929-2004) emigrates to Canada, visiting Calif. late in the year and bringing Cunni, er, Kundalini Yoga to the U.S., founding 3HO (Health, Happy, Holy Org.) in Los Angeles in spring 1969, while the 5th Dimension medley "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" tops the U.S. music charts; the record label is owned by his student Johnny Rivers; "His students flocked to him. Women so adored him, it became an honor just to wash his feet. Men longed for his approval. They trusted him to arrange their marriages and select their careers." (Los Angeles Times); Kundalini is really an Antichrist spiritual counterfeit of the Holy Ghost?
In 1968 Peruvian-born Calif. anthropologist Carlos Arana Castaneda (1925-98) pub. The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge, reporting on the jimson weed and peyote drug culture of Sonora, Mexico, where belief in the supernatural is widespread, and Yaqui shaman Don Juan Matus rules; helps to usher in the D-final-answer make-up-your-own-facts New Age Movement. He goes on to pub. 11 books selling 28M copies while enjoying his three "witches" (lovers and followers) incl. Florinda Donner (1944-), who disappears the day after he dies (until ?). In 1995 his disciple Victor Sanchez pub. The Teachings of Don Carlos: Practical Applications of the Works of Carlos Castaneda.
In 1968 the Condon Report of the U. of Colo. UFO Project (founded 1966), commissioned by the U.S. Air Force and headed by physicist Edward Uhler Condon (1902-74) (U as in UFO?) concludes that UFOs don't exist after investigating 12K sightings and narrowing them down to 791 "unexplained" ones - the first thing to learn is that you're not crazy?
In 1968 Swiss hotel mgr. Erich Anton Paul von Daniken (1935-) pub. Chariots of the Gods? Unsolved Mysteries of the Past, selling 60M+ copies and popularizing the Ancient Astronaut Theory.
In 1968 after being influenced by the Unity Church, Napoleon Hill, and multi-level marketing, English-born Alexander Everett (1921-2005) founds Mind Dynamics in Tex. to give seminars; too bad, it folds in Dec. 1973 after the death of co-owner William Penn Patrick amid allegations of fraud and practicing medicine without a license; its students go on to found other similar orgs. incl. est, Lifestream, Life Dynamics, Context Trainings, Actualizations, PSI World Seminars, and Personal Dynamics.
In 1968 Morgantown, W. Va.-born Linda Goodman (Mary Alice Kemery) (1925-95) pub. Sun Signs, becoming the first astrology book to hit the NYT bestseller list; followed in 1978 by Love Signs: A New Approach to the Human Heart.
In 1968 Bolivian-born philosopher Oscar Ichazo (1931-) founds the Arica Inst. (School) human potential movement org., developing the Enneagram of Personality (Gr. "ennea" + "gramma" = nine + written), a diagram composed of a cirlce with nine points on the circumference, connected inside by a three triangles, which was originally used for divination, but which he use to diagram nine standard character types: Perfectionist, Giver, Performer, Romantic, Observer, Loyal Skeptic, Epicure, Protector, Mediator; George Gurdjieff and Chilean psychologist Claudio Naranjo (1932-), founder of the Seekers After Truth Inst. were also instrumental. In 1991 Helen Palmer pub. The Enneagram: Understanding Yourself and Others in Life, popularizing it, co-chairing the First Internat. Enneagram Conference at Stanford U. in 1994, and founding Enneagram Worldwide in guess-where Boulder, Colo.
In 1968 London, England-born biochemist Robert Sylvester de Ropp (1931-87), a disciple of P.D. Ouspensky pub. The Master Game: Beyond the Drug Experience, followed by Sex Energy: The Sexual Force in Men and Animals (1969), The New Prometheans (1972), Church of the Earth: The Ecology of a Creative Community (1974), Eco-Tech: The Whole-Earther's Guide to the Alternate Society (1975), Warrior's Way: The Challenging Life Games (autobio.) (1979), Self-Completion: Keys to the Meaningful Life (1988), and Warrior's Way: A Twentieth Century Odyssey (1995).
Glory Days, Glory Days, Glory Days pass you by? Just in time to make JFK's prediction come true, white IS right on the Moon on the anniv. of the creation of Washington D.C., the execution of Tsar Nicholas II, the installation of the first parking meters, and the first A-bomb explosion? On July 16, 1969 (Wed.) Apollo 11 blasts off from Cape You Know What, and goes into lunar orbit on July 19, then lands on the "place of magnificent desolation" (the Moon) on July 20 at 4:17 p.m. EDT in the Eagle landing module; as 600M worldwide watch on TV (Soviet TV snubs them), white, blonde-blue, straight Christian church-going WASP male Neil Alden Armstrong (1930-) (shoe size 9-1/2) (salary $30K a year) becomes the first human to set foot on the Moon at 10:56 p.m. EDT at Tranquility Base (total price tag $35B); his first words are "One small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind"; he rubs white-is-right in more by carrying a piece of fabric from the 1903 White, er, Wright brothers plane Flyer 1; U.S. Air Force Col. Edwin Eugene "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. (1930-) follows close behind, later uttering the soundbyte "Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the Moon, I am the first man to piss his pants on the Moon"; meanwhile U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Michael "Mike" Collins (1930-) stays in orbit at 60-75 mi. in the Columbia Command Module, with Mission Control uttering the immortal soundbyte "Not since Adam as any human known such solitude as Mike Collins during this 47 minutes of each lunar revolution when he's behind the Moon with no one to talk to except his tape recorder"; after the onboard computer fails from interference caused by the radar system as they are making their landing, Armstrong and Aldrin switch to manual control and display their hotdogging cowboy skills, landing with less than 1 min. of fuel left; the first moon walk confirms the prediction made in 1964 by Dutch-born U. of Ariz. astronomer Gerard Peter Kuiper (1905-73) (who helped identify lunar landing sites) that it would be "like crunchy snow"; after Aldrin plants a nylon flag on El Moono, and they have their romp, they return to Earth and splashdown on July 24 in the Pacific, and are brought aboard the USS Hornet, then greeted personally by Pres. Nixon while on a round-the-world tour (July 23-Aug. 3) to try to get back some of the billions wasted, er, invested in a second industrial rev., er, wasted with some good Cold War propaganda; they then spend 65 hours inside the Mobile Quarantine Facility to prove they didn't acquire "Moon germs" under the July 16 U.S. Extra-Terrestrial Exposure Law, violation of which carries a 1-year sentence and $5K fine; Walter Cronkite makes CBS-TV the most-watched TV network for the missions, which follows through to Apollo 13; Thomas Otten Paine (1921-92) is the head of NASA in 1969-7 (first seven Apollo manned missions), and goes on to become pres. of Northrop Corp. in 1976-82; The New York Times finally apologizes for a 1920 article publicly scoffing at Robert Goddard's idea that a rocket can function in a vacuum; David Threlfal of Preston, Lancashire, England is awarded a Ł10K check by bookmaker William Hill, Ltd. for a Ł10 bet in 1964 that a man would land on the Moon by 1971 at 1000 to 1 odds; millions believe the whole thing is a staged govt. hoax, pointing to the "rippling flag", absence of blast craters, shadows suggesting stage lighting, etc.; millions more that all that money was "dumped into space", or that it would have been better spent reclaiming the deserts, developing agriculture, affordable housing and medicine, or jump-jiving woo woo woo?; the dir. of the fake landing was Stanley Kubrick, who gets the truth past govt. censors in his 1980 film "The Shining?"; too bad, the astronauts leave radar corner reflectors, which can be seen from Earth, proving they were there?; on July 16, 2009 NASA admits that it lost its original hi-res moonwalk footage, but is hiring Hollyweird to restore it, stoking the hoaxers; the Apollo 11 astronauts appear on the first U.S. stamp to depict a living American, issued later in the year; "For one crowning moment we were creatures of the cosmic ocean" (Aldrin); "Slipped the surly bonds of Earth to touch the face of God" (Ronald Reagan); Aldrin later suffers from depression - buzzy Excedrin headache number?
On Aug. 15-18, 1969 the Rock and Roll Decade ended more appropriately far away from kooky California with the Woodstock Music and Art Fair: An Aquarian Exposition: Three Days of Peace and Music, which was held on the muddy 600-acre farm of dairy farmer Max B. Yasgur (1919-73) (who dies of a heart attack in Fla. in 1973) in the Catskill Mts. near Bethel in upstate New York; "What we have in mind is breakfast in bed for four hundred thousand"; Hatha Yogiraj Sri Swami Satchidananda Saraswati (C.K. Ramaswamy Gounder) (1914-2002) opens the festival with prayer; in 1980 he opens the Satchidananda Ashram AKA Yogaville in Buckingham, Va., founding his own brand of the Integral Yoga of Sri Aurobindo, and making celeb disciples incl. Alice Coltrane, Rivers Cuomo, Carole King, Allen Ginsberg, Jeff Goldblum, Laura Nyro, and Liev Schrieber; 300K-500K drugged-and-sexed-out mainly Baby Boomer gen. people (biggest live entertainment audience in history?) endured 20-mi. traffic jams and cruddy weather to hear rock acts, take drugs, and go naked; future "Meet the Press" TV show host Timothy John "Tim" Russert (1950-2008) attended wearing a Buffalo Bills jersey carrying a case of beer; Woodstock rock acts included Joan Baez (1941-), The Grateful Dead, Richard P. "Richie" Havens (1941-), ffJames Marshall (Johnny Allen) "Jimi" Hendrix (1942-70), Jefferson Airplane, Santana, The Who, Sha Na Na et al., while showing off and doing things with each other such as nudity, drugs and group sex, and groping for their own utopian society, only to discover VD, ODs, unwanted pregnancies, how much money they've blown, and how the rock acts don't work for free and want to sell them merchandise (advance sales were $1.2M); on Aug. 15 (Fri.) Richie Havens started things out, scoring a hit with his own version of Motherless Child with an added verse containing the repeated word "freedom", after which 11 performers followed, ending with 3-octave trilling Joan Baez (1941-), who scored with Sweet Sir Galahad (the first song she ever composed), and the "organizing song" Joe Hill; Country Joe McDonald sung Feel-Like-I'm-Fixing-to-Die Rag (The Vietnam Song) using a stage guitar with a rope strap, changing the Fish Cheer to the Fuck Cheer; on Aug. 16 (Sat.) the 11 performers started with Quill, and incl. Santana, Canned Heat, and Janis Joplin; on Aug. 16 Pete Townshend of The Who knocked Abbie Hoffman from the stage as he tried to disrupt the show with a speech about poor John Sinclair, who got a 10-year sentence for possession of one marijuana cig; on Aug. 17 at 8 a.m. #11 Jefferson Airplane capped off the all-day-all-night marathon with eight songs; on Aug. 17 (Sun.) English singer John Robert "Joe" Cocker (1944-) (known for covers of Beatles songs performed with a gritty voice and weird arm movements) began the official day's events 9 hours late at 2 p.m., singing the Beatles hit With a Little Help from My Friends, and it went all night without finishing; on Aug. 18 at 9 a.m., after most people had left (80K remaining), Jimi Hendrix, the 10th and last performer for Sun. ended the show by giving a 2-hour 17-song performance, ending with a psychedelic rendition of The Star-Spangled Banner on his overamped electric guitar; at frequent intervals an announcer told the crowd "If you think you've taken poison, you haven't", referring to "bad acid"; a total of three people died at the event, one from a heroin OD, one from falling off a scaffold, and one from being run over by a tractor - let's see, that's EADGB, Every American Dog Goes Bad? After Melanie Safka (1947-) performed her song Beautiful People at Woodstock, she released the album Candles in the Rain in 1970, featuring Lay Down (Candles in the Rain) #6 in the U.S.), about the crowd reaction; in 1970 she also released the hit Look What They've Done to My Song, Ma; in 1973 she had a #1 U.S. hit with the song Brand New Key (The Roller Skate Song). Talking about ending the decade appropriately. On Sept. 12, 1969 after Brian Jones' death, the Rolling Stones released the compilation album Through the Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. 2), which features the tracks Honky Tonk Women, and We Love You. On Dec. 5, 1969 they released album #8 (#10 in the U.S.) Let It Bleed. The cover features a cake baked by English cook Delia Smith (1941-). Tracks included: Love in Vain, Let It Bleed, Midnight Rambler, Monkey Man, You Can't Always Get What You Want, You Got the Silver, and Gimme Shelter ("War, children, it's just a shot away... Love, sister, it's just a kiss away").
In 1969 Coven releases its debut album Witchcraft Destroys Minds and Reaps Souls; the pure Satanic music causes a controversy after the Aug. 1969 Tate-La Bianca murders, and is removed from the market, influencing Black Sabbath, Goth et al., incl. introducing the Sign of the Horns to rock & roll; Coven is from Chicago, Ill., incl. Jinx Dawson (1950-) (vocals), Oz Osborne (bass) (not to be confused with Ozzy Osbourne), Chris Neilsen (guitar), Rick Durrett/John Hobbs (keyboards), Steve Ross (drums); incl. Satanic Mass.
In 1969 Will Hart pub. The Genesis Race: Our Extraterrestrial DNA and the True Origins of the Species, which claims that ETs landed about 3K B.C.E. and bioengineered modern man.
In 1969 London, England-born writer John Frederick Carden Michell (1933-2009) pub. The View Over Atlantis, which revives interest in Alfred Watkins' Ley Lines, which allegedly align and unite ancient monuments and megaliths and give them spiritual power or energy; "Almost the founding document of the modern Earth mysteries movement" (Ronald Hutton); revised in 1983 as "The New View Over Atlantis".
In 1969 Zurich, Switzerland-born physician Elisabeth Kubler-Ross (Kübler-Ross) (1926-2004) (one of identical triplets) pub. On Death and Dying: What the Dying Have to Teach Doctors, Nurses, Clergy, and Their Own Families, about "out-of-body experiences" (astral projection), as told by dying hospital patients in one of the abba-dabba-do Five Stages of Dying: Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance; spurs development of hospices for the dying - Science is getting close to finding the b.s. hormone?
In 1969 Latvian physician (student of Carl Jung) Konstantins Raudive (1909-74) pioneers the technique of Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP), which he claims allows him to communicate with the dead by listening to radio static. In 1971 he pub. Breakthrough.
In the apocalyptic late 1960s the Jesus Freaks mass movement begins in the U.S., thumping copies of the 1966 Bible translation "Good News for Modern Man" (which sold 30M copies by 1971), and holding open air meetings where they grooved on Jesus' love with outstretched arms, don't miss it. One 1-hit wonder who made hay while the Jesus Freak sun shone was Mass.-born Norman Greenbaum (1942-), who in 1969 released the 2M-selling hit Spirit in the Sky (#1 in the U.S., #3 in the U.K.), which was huge with hippies and square Christians and half-and-half Jesus Freaks, along with everybody, even though few realized that he was Jewish and claimed to be a practicing Zombie, and was parodying TV evangelists, I just want to hide in a corner. Actually, he had some more charting hits, but none came close to equalling this classic, which was covered by Bauhaus, Doctor and the Medics, Elton John, Chipmunks United, DC Talk, and Nina Hagen. Actually, the Jesus Rock Movement peaked in 1971, but nevermind. In 1970 1-hit wonder Ocean, from London, Ont., Canada, consisting of Jance Brown (guitar, vocals), Greg Brown (keyboard, vocals), Jeff Jones (bass, vocals), Dave Tamblyn (guitar), and Chuck Slater (drums) released the #2 Jesus Freak anthem Put Your Hand in the Hand (#2 in the U.S.), written by Gene MacLellan, and first performed by Anne Murray. On the other side of the spiritual spectrum, in Apr. 1969 the Hindu progressive rock band Quintessence was formed in Notting Hill, London, fronted by Australian-born Raja Ram (Ronald Rothfield) (1941-), becoming known for improvisational perf., and for performing at the Sept. 18, 1971 Concert for Bangladesh at the Oval in Kensington, London, along with The Who, Matt the Hoople, America, Rod Stewart and the Faces et al. Their tracks incl. Body, Only Love, In the Forest, Midnight Mode, Vishnu Narayan, and Wonders of the Universe.
In the early 1970s Calcutta-born India-born yoga guru Bikram Choudhury (1946-) creates Bikram Yoga, a series of 26 Hatha "hot yoga" postures practiced in a 105F room with 40% humidity, becoming popular with celebs incl. Madonna, George Clooney, Jeff Bridges, Ashton Kutcher, and Daniel Craig.
In the early 1970s Telluride, Colo.-born psychic Ingo Douglas Swann (1933-2013) invents the psychic discipline of Remote Viewing (RV) at the Stanford Research Inst. (SRI), allegedly drawing interest from the CIA, causing the U.S. govt. to launch the $20M Stargate Project, led by physicist Dale E. Graff, which was terminated in 1995 after the CIA took it over and got a negative independent evaluation. The term was coined by SRI researchers Russell Targ (1934-) and Harold E. "Hal" Puthoff (1936-) to distinguish it from clairvoyance, after tasting wheels of cheese, wedges of cheese, and bricks of cheese, it's cheddar perfected. On Apr. 27, 1973 after being put off the target with a blindfold, Swann allegedly remote views Jupiter, accurately predicting the existence of rings, but getting details wrong, it's always about the attitude. In 1972-9 he works on 25 criminal cases, allegedly solving three. In 1980 he pub. the prediction book What Will Happen to You When the Soviets Take Over?, we all know you got your big deals but do you have to rub it in everyone's face. In 1998 he pub. his autobio. Penetration: The Question of Extraterrestrial and Human Telepathy, in which he claims that he and "Mr. Axelrod" got in a fight with ETs they caught draining a lake, maybe this is where Obama began his White House run. In 2012 James Stein pub. The Paranormal Equation: A New Scientific Perspective on Remote Viewing, Clairvoyance, and Other Inexplicable Phenomena.
In the 1970s English musician Brian Peter George Eno (1948-) emerges as a leader in ambient music, becoming a hit with New Agers.
In the 1970s English pranksters Doug Bower and Dave Chorley begin creating Crop Circles, admitting it in 1991 and showing how they do it 200x with a wood plank, rope, and a baseball cap fitted with a loop of wire; meanwhile 10K crop circles are reported by the end of the cent., 90% in S England, half within 15 km of Avebury.
In 1970 English Dead Sea Scrolls scholar John Marco Allegro (1923-88) pub. The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross, sensationally reducing Biblical religion to an Amanita muscaria (fly agaric) psychedelic mushroom cult, with the text being a coverstory to fool outsiders; he ends up snubbed but never quite refuted by mainstream scholars?; "To the mystic, the little red-topped fungus must have seemed human in form and yet divine in its power to change men and give them an insight into the mysteries of the universe. It was in the world, but not of it. In the New Testament myth, the writers tried to express this idea of the duality of nature by portraying as its central character a man who appeared human enough on the surface but through whom there shone a godlike quality which manifested itself in miracle-working and a uniquely authoritative attitude to the Law"; "Suddenly almost overnight, the ancient world has shrunk. All religious roads in the Near and Middle East lead back to the Mesopotamian basin - to ancient Sumer."
In 1970 Haight-Ashbury hippie leader Stephen Gaskin (1935-) leads a 60-vehicle caravan to Tenn. and founds "The Farm" 60 mi. SW of Nashville, which the Wall St. Journal calls "the General Motors of American Communes"; in 1974 he founds Plenty Internat. to provide environmental, humanitarian, and human rights aid.
In 1970 London, England-born Am. gay writer-artist Paul Huson (1942-) pub. Mastering Witchcraft: A Practical Guide for Witches, Warlocks and Covens, which becomes a std. work on the Tarot for non-Wiccans and non-feminist witches, feeding the 1970s Occult Explosion; he follows with "The Devil's Picturebook" (1971), "Mastering Herbalism" (1974), "How to Test and Develop Your ESP" (1975, "Mystical Origins of the Tarot" (2004), anud "Dame Fortune's Wheel Tarot" (2009).
In Jan. 1970 Los Angeles, Calif.-born Arthur Janov (1924-) pub. The Primal Scream: The Cure for Neurosis, introducing Primal Therapy, an 8-mo. program of reexperiencing childhood pain and trauma, which he claims has a 100% success rate.
In 1970 Hornell, N.Y.-born John Alva Keel (1930-2009) (Alva John Kiehle) pub. UFOs: Operation Trojan Horse, which claims that UFOs are phenomena produced by "ultraterrestrials", beings who are able to manipulate matter and our senses, and who in the past manifested themselves as fairies, demons, etc.; "Our skies have been filled with 'Trojan horses' throughout history, and like the original Trojan horse, they seem to conceal hostile intent." In 1975 he pub. The Mothman Prophecies, about the large winged creature called Mothman in the vicinity of Point Pleasant, W. Va. in 1966-7, and the Dec. 15, 1967 collapse of the Silver Bridge across the Ohio River; filmed in 2002 starring Richard Gere.
In 1970 after claiming to meet 134-y.-o. Shiva Puri Baba in Kathmandu, Nepal and learn his simple "stillness meditation" technique, Australian psychiatrist Ainslie Dixon Meares (1910-86) pub. the bestseller Relief without Drugs: The Self-Management of Tension, Anxiety and Pain; in 1976 he pub. a medical journal article claiming that his patients have been able to achieve regression of their cancers.
In 1970 Mangalore, India-born guru Swami Muktananda (1908-82) (enlightened in 1956) pub. the bestseller GURU (Play of Consciousness): A Spiritual Autobiography, making him a star, founding Siddha Yoga, with ashrams in Ganespuri, India and Upstate N.Y. In 1979 he pub. Kundalini: The Secret of Life; also To Know the Knower.
In 1970 the Nat. Org. for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) is founded in Washington, D.C. to lobby for legalization of marijuana. by atty. Keith Stroup (1943-); meanwhile drug-sniffing dogs are first used on a large scale by the U.S. Bureau of Customs, locating over 6 tons of marijuana, 650 lbs. of hashish, 4K marijuana cigarettes, 35 lbs. of opium, and 300 grams of heroin. In Aug. 1974 High Times counterculture mag. begins pub. by the Underground (Alternative) Press Syndicate, owned by black San Diego, Calif. smuggler Thomas King "Tom" Forcade (1945-78), who uses $20K made by smuggling marijuana to finance it, featuring covers aping Playboy, but with a choice cannabis plant instead of a woman, centerfolds featuring cocaine, and articles calling marijuana a "medical wonder drug" and ridiculing the U.S. Drug Enforcement Admin.; too bad, he commits suicide in Nov. 1978 after his best friend dies in a plane crash during a smuggling mission; in 1988 Steven Hager (1951-) becomes ed., removing hard drug articles and concentrating on cannabis.
On Jan. 31, 1971 (4:03 p.m. EST) astronauts Stuart Allen Roosa (1933-94), "Smiley Al and Icy Commander" Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. (1923-98), and Edgar Dean Mitchell (1930-) blastoff aboard Apollo 14 on a mission to the Moon; on Feb. 5 Shepard and Mitchell land the lunar module Antares in Frau Mauro (3rd manned landing on the Moon) (most accurate landing), broadcasting the first color TV pictures from the lunar surface, with Shepard uttering the soundbyte after stepping on the surface: "It's been a long way, but we're here", followed by the soundbyte about the Earth as seen from the Moon: "You can see the blue water of the ocean. You can see the ice caps. I got a little misty-eyed thinking of all my friends on that beautiful planet"; 47-y.-o. Shepard becomes the first WWII vet and oldest man to walk on the Moon; on the last day of the mission Shepard hits two golf balls in the Fra Mauro region using a tool used to sample lunar material with a Wilson 6-iron attached, and one of the balls travels for about 50 ft., the other "miles and miles and miles"; they splashdown in the Pacific on Feb. 9 at 4:05 p.m. EST, bringing back 98 lbs. of lunar rocks; paranormal and UFO believer Mitchell tries an ESP experiment with friends back on Earth, which doesn't work out.
In 1971 after being influenced by Zen and Mind Dynamics, Philly-born Werner Hans Erhard (John Paul Rosenberg) (1935-) begins giving est (Lat. "it is") (Erhard Seminars Training) workshops "to transform one's ability to experience living so that the situations one had been trying to change or had been putting up with, clear up just in the process of life itself." Too bad, the only thing that seems to change is the size of Erhard's wallet, causing "Thought Reform Consultant" Carol Giambalvo et al. to get on his case. He sells out to Landmark Education in 1991. One of his famous graduates is Jerry Rubin.
In 1971 Paterson, N.J.-born Thaddeus Stanley Golas (1924-97) pub. The Lazy Man's Guide to Enlightenment, a trip guide for LSD takers, becoming a er, hit in the San Francisco area; too bad, he splits ranks with the New Age movement.
In 1971 Harvard psych. prof. Lester Grinspoon (1928-) pub. Marihuana Reconsidered, claiming he set out to write a book against marijuana until it improved his appreciation for art, music, and religion, and he began working for legalization.
In 1971 Ind.-born New York City radio broadcasting exec Robert Allen "Bob" Monroe (1915-95) pub. Journeys Out of the Body, selling 300K copies and popularizing the term "out-of-body experience".
In 1971 Bronx, N.Y.-born biochemist Ida Pauline Rolf (1896-1979) founds the Rolf Inst. of Structural Integration to practice the holistic therapy system of Rolfing.
On Dec. 29, 1972 (23:42) Eastern Airlines Flight 401 (Lockheed L-1011) crashes into the Fla. Everglades while working on a malfunctioning landing light and losing alt., killing 99 of 176 aboard, with two later dying, becoming the first wide-body aircraft crash, and the deadliest single-aircraft disaster in the U.S. (until ?); Eastern Air Lines employees later begin reporting sightings of the ghosts of dead crew members on aircraft using spare parts from the crashed plane, causing John Grant Fuller Jr. (1913-90) to pub. the bestseller The Ghost of Flight 401 in 1976.
In 1972 after achieving enlightenment in the Vedanta Society Temple in Hollywood in Sept. 1970 Queens, N.Y.-born ex-Scientologist Adi Da (Franklin Albert Jones) (1939-2008) (AKA Bubba Free John et al.) pub. his autobio. The Knee of Listening: The Divine Ordeal of The Avataric Incarnation of Conscious Light, telling about "The Bright", claiming to be an avatar and gaining followers and fans incl. Ken Wilber; it incl. the soundbyte: "Death is utterly acceptable to consciousness and life. There has been endless time of numberless deaths, but neither consciousness nor life has ceased to arise. The felt quality and cycle to death has not modified the fragility of flowers, even the flowers within the human body. Therefore, one's understanding of consciousness and life must be turned to that utter, inclusive quality, that clarity and wisdom, that power and untouchable gracefulness this evidence suggests." In 1974 he moves his devotees to a secluded property in N Calif. and pub. Garbage and the Goddess: The Last Miracles and Final Spiritual Instructions of Bubba Free John, bragging about his "crazy wisdom" of breaking his own rules incl. staging filmed orgies, drug and alcohol use, and polygamy. In 1980 he pub. Scientific Proof of the Existence of God Will Soon Be Announced By The White House!: Prophetic Wisdom About the Myths and Idols of Mass Culture and Popular Religious Cultism, the New Priesthood of Scientific and Political Materialism, and the Secrets of Enlightenment Hidden in the Body of Man, which incl. the soundbyte: "There is no Enlightenment, no evolutionary entrance into the truly Spiritual Condition of human existence, without ego-death, or transcendence of the mind. There must be the literal death of the separate and separative consciousness. In this moment, you are holding on to your sense of separate consciousness as if it were something tangible and material. You possess yourself through a great contraction of body and psyche. By virtue of this gesture, you have become rigid, mediocre, deluded, relatively loveless, self-possessed, and isolated. To be without an inner consciousness is, for you, unthinkable. To be incapable of feeling yourself as a separate consciousness is, for you, a terrifying prospect. Nevertheless, that is precisely the realization with which you must become completely comfortable." No surprise, after he moves to Naitauba Island in Fiji in 1983, allegations surface about his abusive behavior, which doesn't stop him from running his org. of followers called Adidam (Dawn Horse Communion), which survives his death.
In 1972 after contracting polio in Feb. 1946, overcoming it, becoming a real estate millionaire and seeing his babe Jane bring another lover onto his yacht, Atlanta, Ga.-born Ken Keyes Jr. (1921-95) pub. the bestseller (1M copies) Handbook to Higher Consciousness, about his Living Love method of personal growth incl. the Twelve Pathways. He goes on to pub. 15 books selling 4M copies.
In 1972 Brooklyn, N.Y.-born psychologist (deputy of Sufi leader Idries Shah) Robert Evan Ornstein (1942-) pub. The Pyschology of Consciousness, about the use of biofeedback et al. to shift mood and awareness. In 1989 he and Paul Ralph Ehrlich (1932-) pub. New World, New Mind: Moving Towards a Conscious Evolution.
In 1972 Donald W. Thompson's A Thief in the Night (title taken from 1 Thess. 5:2) debuts, pt. 1 of a 4-part series on the Rapture and Second Coming of Christ.
In 1973 Israeli spoon-bending psychic Uri Geller (1946-) is shown up in an appearance on Johnny Carson's Tonight Show when amateur magician Carson insists that he bend spoons provided by the show instead of his own props, after which he sits helplessly trying to explain the sudden loss of his powers; when a video clip from the show is placed on YouTube, Geller tries to have it removed; this doesn't stop the CIA from recruiting him for spy work?
In 1973 Am. LSD-loving psychologist Timothy Francis Leary (1920-96) pub. Neurologic, followed in 1977 by Exo-Psychology: A Manual for the Use of the Human Nervous System According to the Instructions of the Manufacturers, and a Navigational Guide for Piloting the Evolution of the Human Individual, which describe his Eight-Circuit Model of Consciousness, eight brains that operate within the human nervous system, incl. the oral biosurvival circuit, emotional-territorial circuit, symbolic/neorosemantic-dexterity (time-binding) circuit, domestic/socio-sexual circuit, neurosomatic (rapture) circuit, neuroelectric/metaprogramming (telepathic) circuit, neurogenetic/morphogenetic (collective unconscious) circuit, and the psychoatomic/quantum nonlocal (overmind) circuit. In 1983 Robert Anton (Edward) Wilson (1932-2007) pub. Prometheus Rising, followed in 1990 by Quantum Psychology: How Brain Software Programs You and Your World, developing on it.
In 1973 Apollo 14 astronaut Edgar Dean Mitchell (1930-) founds the Inst. of Noetic (Gr. "intuitive mind") Sciences, whose mission is "supporting individual and collective transformation through consciousness research, educational outreach, and engaging a global learning community in the realization of our human potential." Seattle, Wash.-born U. of Calif. regent Willis Harman (1918-97) was the pres. from 1975-97, pub. the books An Incomplete Guide to the Future (1976/9), Changing Images of Man (1982), Energy Future, Human Values and Life Styles (1982), Higher Creativity: Liberating the Unconscious for Breakthrough Insight (1984), Paths to Peace: Exploring the Feasibility of Sustainable Peace (1987), Global Mind Change: The New Age Revolution in the Way We Think (1988) ("As planetary limits to further material growth are approached, and as economic rationality pushes further automation and efficiencies in production, the number of jobs will fall... Does society ask itself what other meaningful and productive activities can be engaged in, now that economic production does not require the efforts of all? No, it engages in frenzied activities to increase consumption"), New Traditions in Business: Spirit and Leadership in the 21st Century (1991), New Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Science (with Jane Clark) (1994), New Business of Business: Taking Responsibility for a Positive Global Future (1997), Biology Revisioned (1998), and Global Mind Change: The Promise of the 21st Century (1998). In 1979 he addressed the Consultation on Future Evangelical Concerns, uttering the soundbyte: "Science will produce the knowledge we need. Modern society has developed science and technology that enable it to accomplish feats which other societies could only dream about, yet it is clearly confused in matters of guiding values and ultimate goals. The deepest value commitments and the ultimate goals of all societies that ever existed have come from the profound inner experiences of some group of people, religious leaders, prophets, mystics, poet-philosophers, or in some visionary cultures the majority of the adult population. Some form of systematic knowledge of the world of inner experience, publicly validated and widely disseminated would seem to be among the knowledge most needed to guide society in its crucial choices, yet modern society's official knowledge system, Science tends to assume a priori that these experiences will in the end be explained or explained away as epiphenomena from a perishable brain, and has steadfastly excluded these phenomena from its field of study. The prevailing view in the culture is that such systematization of, and consensus on, inner wisdom is impracticable."
On Nov. 8-10, 1973 Millennium '73 at the Houston Astrodome in Tex. is hosted by the ever-happy Divine Light Mission (founded 1960) of 15-y.-o. Guru Maharaj Ji (Prem Pal Singh Rawat) (1957-) (who gave his Peace Bomb Speech at the Indian Gate in Delhi in 1969, then flew to the U.S. in 1971, attracting followers, who set up the first mission in Denver, Colo.), which his ever-happy supporters call "the most significant event in human history"; only 10K-35K of a projected 100K attend, incl. Chicago Seven defendant Rennie Davis, and hippies thinking it's about the dawning of the Age of Aquarius or the Second Coming of Christ, and groove on the "apocalyptic chill in the air" from all the scandals, wars, and economic troubles; the DLM has 50K members in the U.S. and 6M in India; a 2-week 8-city 500-person "Soul Rush" precedes it, during which they stop in front of the White House and invite Pres. Nixon to attend; too bad, the young guru marries a non-Indian next year, pissing-off his mother and two brothers, who split and return to India, where his eldest brother Satpal Maharaj (1951-) takes control of the Indian branch, and after much bad publicity he begins disbanding the Western branch in the early 1980s, changing its name to Elan Vital and reverting to his real name.
One step toward New Age, two steps back to Old Age of Faith. On Dec. 26, 1973 William Friedkin's The Exorcist, based on the 1971 William Peter Blatty novel debuts, starring Linda Blair as devil-possessed, green-pea-soup-puking girl Regan Teresa MacNeil, and is given an R-rating, becoming the Jesuits' Deep Throat, causing mass hysteria in some theaters as it draws on all 2K years of Catholic superstition, incl. the ancient god Pazuzu (voiced by Mercedes McCambridge, with the face of Eileen Dietz), aided by special effects by Dick Smith, and spooky music by Mike Oldfield; #1 film of 1973, grossing $232.6M domestic and $402.5M worldwide by 2010, passing "The Godfather" standing still; Ellen Burstyn plays actress mommy Chris MacNeil, Jason Miller plays Father Damien Karras (whose body double tumbles down the Exorcist Steps at the end of M St. in Georgetown, Washington, D.C.), Max von Sydow (who once played Jesus) plays Father Lankester Merrin; an avg. of 3 men and 2 women faint during each showing; six people die during the making of the film, causing rumors that it's cursed; "The power of Christ compels you."
In 1973 Pineville, Ky.-born Joseph Chilton "Joe" Pearce (1926-) pub. The Crack in the Cosmic Egg: Challenging Constructs of Mind and Reality, defining culture as a cosmic egg structured by the mind's drive for logical ordering of the Universe, and promoting the heart or compassionate mind as a brain function equal in stature to the thalamus, prefontal cortext, and lower brain, followed by Exploring the Crack in the Cosmic Egg: Split Minds and Meta-Realities (1974), Magical Child (1977), promoting active imaginative play to foster "creative competence", The Bond of Power: Meditation and Wholeness (1982), Magical Child Matures (1985), Evolution's End: Claiming the Potential of Our Intelligence (1992), claiming that non-natural childbirth, lack of breastfeeding et al. inhibit the growth of the child's cortex, The Crack in the Cosmic Egg: New Constructs of Mind and Reality (2002), The Biology of Transcendence: A Blueprint of the Human Spirit (2002), containing the soundbyte "Culture is the enemy of biology", Spiritual Initiation and the Breakthrough of Consciousness: The Bond of Power (2003), Death of Religion and the Rebirth of Spirit: A Return to the Intelligence of the Heart (2007), and The Heart-Mind Matrix: How the Heart Can Teach the Mind New Ways to Think (2012).
In 1973 Java-born Dutch New Age "cosmic bushwhacker" philosopher Johan Henri Quanjer (1934-2001) (pr. "kwanya") coins the term "Pneumatocracy" for a govt. ruled by spiritual people. In 1996 after settling in London and becoming chmn. of UFO Contact UK, then becoming the first non-U.K. citizen to run for the European Parliament in Britain in 1994 he pub. his autobio. The Luminous Journey: The Reflection of Pneumatocracy, the Rule of the Soul, in My Extraordinary Life.
In Dec. 1973 French auto racer Claude Maurice Marcel Vorilhon (1946-) is allegedly visited by extraterrestrials, who tell him they are the Elohim who created humanity by mixing earthly DNA with their own, causing him to change his name to Rael ("messenger of the Elohim") and found the Raelian Movement, which gets bigtime into cloning.
In 1973 Benwood, W. Va.-born Gurdjieff disciple Richard Rose (1917-2005) pub. The Albigen Papers, a "practical subtractive system" based on the "spiritual quantum", and ultimately becoming critical of Zen and the New Age movement.
In 1974 Kansas City, Mo.-born psychic Sylvia Celeste Browne (nee Shoemaker) (1936-2013) begins giving psychic readings, attracting a large following and also attracting Canadian-Am. magician and fraud buster James "The Amazing" Randi (Randall James Hamilton Zwinge) (1928-) (who since 1962 has been offering a $1M for proof of psychic abilities), who exposes her as an expensive coin-toss, along with Glen Cove, N.Y.-born "Crossing Over" psychic medium John Edward (John Edward McGee Jr.) (1969-), "The Biggest Douche in the Universe" (South Park), and English medium Rosemary Altea (1946-).
In 1974 English astrophysicist John R. Gribbin (1946-) and Stephen H. Plagemann pub. The Jupiter Effect: The Planets as Triggers of Devastating Earthquakes, claiming that the alignment of Solar System planets causes a 0.04mm rise in the high tide and triggers earthquakes in 179-year cycles, predicting an earthquake along the San Andreas Fault between 1979 and 1982 that will wipe out Los Angeles, later claiming it to be the 1980 Mt. St. Helens eruption, then fastening on Mar. 1982; Gribbin backs down in July 1980, calling it "too clever by half", but in Feb. 1982 they pub. The Jupiter Effect Reconsidered, claiming it had happened despite a lack of alignment; in 1999 Gribbin repudiates it once for all, with the soundbyte "I don't like it, and I'm sorry I ever had anything to do with it."
In 1974 New York City-born Richard Grossinger (Towers) (1944-), father of filmmaker Miranda July founds the New Age publishing co. North Atlantic Books in Vt., which later moves to Berkeley, Calif.
In 1974 Am. psychologist Lawrence LeShan (1920-) pub. the bestseller How to Meditate: A Guide to Self-Discovery, introducing meditation to the masses, following it with many other books.
In 1974 Suffolk, England-born psychic Matthew Manning (1955-) pub. the bestseller (1M+ copies) The Link: The Extraordinary Gifts of a Teenage Psychic, going on to pub. other books about his psychokinetic abilities.
In 1974 Naropa Inst. (U.) is founded in fairy tale Boulder, Colo., "the Mountain" while TLW is living there attending the U. of Colo. (1971-5) by Tibetan Buddhist teacher Chogyam (Chögyam) Trungpa (1939-87), named after 11th cent. Indian Buddhist sage Naropa (1016-1100); Beat Generation poets Allen Ginsberg and Anne Waldman found the Jack Kerouac School of Disembodied Poetics there.
In 1974 New Age Journal: The Journal for Holistic Living is founded in New York City; in 2002 it becomes "Body+Soul"; in May 2010 it becomes "Whole Living"; it ceases pub. in Feb. 2013.
In 1974 Minneapolis, Minn.-born Robert Maynard Pirsig (1928-) pub. the bestseller (5M copies) Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry Into Values after it was rejected by 121 publishers; title taken from Eugen Herrigel's "Zen in the Art of Archery" (1948); his 17-day motorcycle journey across the U.S. with son Chris and friends John and Sylvia Sutherland, who like to Chautauqua on epistemology, philosophy of science, and the metaphysics of quality; the villain is his U. of Chicago philosophy teacher Richard McKeon (1900-85) AKA "Chmn. of the Committee", who browbeats students "with a gleam in his eye", producing "only carbon copies of himself"; "It should it no way be associated with that great body of factual information related to orthodox Zen Buddhist practice. It's not very factual on motorcycles, either." In 1991 he pub. Lila: An Inquiry into Morals.
On Jan. 17, 1974 San Francisco, Calif.-born Zen poet ("Poet Laureate of Deep Ecology") Gary Snyder (1930-) pub. Turtle Island, which wins a Pulitzer Prize; title is an Amerindian name for North Am.; "The poems speak of places and the energy pathways that sustain life."
In 1974 Flushing, N.Y.-born physician Lewis Thomas (1913-93) pub. The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher; bestseller of "Notes of a Biology Watcher" articles from New England Journal of Medicine, helping him get promoted to dean of NYU Medical School and Yale School of Medicine, and pres. of the Sloan-Kettering Inst.; "I have been trying to think of the earth as a kind of organism, but it is no go. I cannot think of it this way. It is too big, too complex, with too many working parts lacking visible connections. The other night, driving through a hilly, wooded part of southern New England, I wondered about this. If not like an organism, what is it like, what is it most like? Then, satisfactorily for that moment, it came to me: it is most like a single cell"; "We pass thoughts around, from mind to mind, so compulsively and with such speed that the brains of mankind often appear, functionally, to be undergoing fusion. Or perhaps we are only at the beginning of learning to use the system, with almost all our evolution as a species still ahead of us. Maybe the thoughts we generate today and flick around from mind to mind... are the primitive precursors of more complicated, polymerized structures that will come later, analogous to the prokaryotic cells that drifted through shallow pools in the early days of biological evolution. Later, when the time is right, there may be fusion and symbiosis among the bits, and then we will see eukaryotic thought, metazoans of thought, huge interliving coral shoals of thought."
On June 21/22, 1975 after breaking with Anton LaVey over the latter's denial of the existence of Satan, U.S. Army officer Michael A. Aquino (1946-) founds the Temple of Set in Santa Barbara, Calif., with the goal of invoking Satan as Set.
In 1975 Budapest-born lesbian feminist Zsuzsanna Budapest (Zsuzsanna Emese Mokcsay) (1940-), founder of Dianic Feminist Wicca (Witchcraft) is arrested in Venice, Calif. for giving a tarot reading to an undercover policewoman, becoming the first witch prosecuted in the U.S. since the Salem Witch Trials; after conviction, she appeals to the Calif. Supreme Court, which overturns it and causes laws against fortunetelling to be struck from Calif. books.
In 1975 Am. Sufi artist-writer Eugene Jeffrey "E.J." Gold (1941-), son of Galaxy Science Fiction ed. Horace L. Gold and a disciple of George Gurdjieff pub. the bestseller (120K copies) American Book of the Dead, a reinterpretation of The Tibetan Book of the Dead (Liberation Through Hearing During the Intermediate State) (Bardo Thodol) exploring Bardotown (City of the Dead), followed by The Human Biological Machine as a Transformational Apparatus (1985), Life in the Labyrinth (1987), and Practical Work on Self (1989). In 1978 he pub. Secret Talks with G., a hoax that pisses-off Gurdjieff devotees.
In 1975 after moving to Boulder Creek, Calif. and founding the U. of the Trees, Lincolnshire, England-born Jamaican commodities trader Christopher Hills (1926-97) pub. Supersensonics: The Science of Radiational Paraphysics, which becomes the Bible of Dowsing. He goes on to promote the eating of spirulina and pub. 30+ books.
In 1975 Porterdale, Ga.-born psychiatrist Raymond A. Moody Jr. (1944-) pub. the bestseller (13M copies) Life After Life: The Investigation of a Phenomenon - Survival of Bodily Death, about 150+ people who underwent near-death experiences (NDEs), a term he coined. In 1977 he pub. Reflections on Life After Life. In 1978 Am. psychiatrist George G. Ritchie (1923-2007) and Elizabeth Sherrill (1928-) pub. the bestseller Return from Tomorrow, about his near-death experience (NDE) in an army hospital in 1943, which incl. meeting with Jesus Christ and traveling with him through different space-time dimensions, which originally led Moody to investigate NDEs; "Death is nothing more than a doorway, something you walk through." (Ritchie) In Nov. 1977 John R. Audette founds the Internat. Assoc. for Near-Death Studies (IANDS) in Charlottesville, Va.
In 1975 the Ojai Foundation in Calif. is founded on land purchased in 1927 by Annie Besant; in 1979-89 Hanover, N.H.-born Zen Buddhist anthropologist Joan Jiko Halifax (1942-) becomes dir.; in 1982 she pub. Shaman, the Wounded Healer.
In 1975 the term "fractal" is coined by Polish-born French-Am. mathematician Benoit B. Mandelbrot (1924-), who founds Fractal Geometry.
On May 1, 1975 Red Bank, N.J.-born New Age leader Elizabeth Clare Prophet (nee Wulf) (1939-2009), leader of The Summit Lighthouse (founded on Aug. 7, 1958 by her ex-husband Mark Lyle Prophet (1918-73) after allegedly being contacted by Ascended Master El Morya) establishes the Church Universal and Triumphant (CUT) in Santa Barbara, Calif., with herself as the female pope. In 1986 she moves to Forbes Ranch outside Yellowstone park near Gardiner, Mont., going on to make prophecies of a first-strike nuclear attack by the Soviet Union and urge followers to build fallout shelters.
In May 1975 after Brooklyn, N.Y.-born physicist Jack Sarfatti (1939-) begins hosting Sarfatti's Cave, a physics and consciousness discussion group in Cafe Trieste in San Francisco, arguing that mind may be crucial to the structure of matter, and that retrocausality may be possible, the Fundamental Fysiks Group is founded in San Francisco at the U. of Calif., Berkeley (UCB) to hold weekly meetings to discuss the philosophical and spiritual implications of quantum theory. In 1975 Vienna, Austria-born member Fritjof Capra (1939-) pub. the bestseller The Tao of Physics: An Exploration of the Parallels Between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism, claiming that physics and metaphysics are leading inexorably to the same ultimate truth. In 1982 he pub. The Turning Point: Science, Society and the Rising Culture, which argues against the Cartesian, Newtonian, and Reductionist paradigms, and for Holism and Systems Theory to solve society's problems. In 1993 he pub. Belonging to the Universe: Explorations on the Frontiers of Science and Spirituality. In 1997 he pub. The Web of Life: A New Scientific Understanding of Living Systems, which claims that all living systems are characterized by internal feedback loops and self-organizing behaviors, and are "network patterns" whose components continually transform one another.
In 1975 Columbia U. psychologists Helen Cohn Schucman (1909-81) and William Thetford (1923-88) pub. A Course in Miracles (3 vols.); bestseller (2M copies) based on her alleged channeling of Jesus; based on Christian Science, it becomes the Bible for the Foundation for Inner Peace, founded in N.Y. in 1972; it is criticized by Christians as a heresy that dismisses the Devil, Hell, and sin, and makes Christ only the first "brother" that became aware; when Oprah Winfrey began offering the year-long course on "Oprah & Friends" on Jan. 1, 2008, Christians went nonlinear; "This is a course in miracles, please take notes"; "The exercises teach sin is not real, and all that you believe must come from sin will never happen, for it has no cause. Accept Atonement with an open mind, which cherishes no lingering belief that you have made a devil of God's Son. There is no sin. We practice with this thought as often as we can today, because it is the basis for today's idea"; "A universal theology is impossible, but a universal experience is not only possible but necessary"; "Nothing real can be threatened. Nothing unreal exists. Herein lies the peace of God"; "Sin is defined as 'lack of love'. Since love is all there is, sin in the sight of the Holy Spirit is a mistake to be corrected, rather than an evil to be punished"; "The opposite of seeing through the body's eyes is the vision of Christ, which reflects strength rather than weakness, unity rather than separation, and love rather than fear. The opposite of hearing through the body's ears is communication through the Voice for God, the Holy Spirit, which abides in each of us"; "Forgiveness is unknown in Heaven, where the need for it would be inconceivable. However, in this world forgiveness is a necessary correction for all the mistakes that we have made. To offer forgiveness if the only way for us to have it, for it reflects the law of Heaven that giving and receiving are the same. Heaven is the natural state of all the Sons of God as He created them. Such is their reality forever. It has not changed because it has been forgotten. Forgiveness is the means by which we will remember. Through forgiveness the thinking of the world is reversed. The forgiven world becomes the gate of Heaven, because by its mercy we can at least forgive ourselves. Holding no one prisoner to guilt, we become free."
On Nov. 5, 1975 Am. logger Travis Walton (1953-) from Snowflake, Ariz. claims to be abducted by aliens in the Apache-Sitgreaves Nat. Forest; he is found after a 5-day search, becoming one of the best-documented alien abduction incidents. On Mar. 12, 1993 Robert Lieberman's Fire in the Sky debuts, based on his 1978 book "The Walton Experience", starring D.B. Sweeney and Robert Patrick; brings in $19.9M on a $15M budget.
In 1975 Foundation for Inner Peace member Marianne Williamson (1952-) pub. the NYT bestseller A Return to Love: Reflections on the Principles of A Course in Miracles, which incl. the soundbyte: "Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure." In 2006 she pub. the NYT bestseller The Gift of Change: Spiritual Guidance for Living Your Best Life. In Jan. 2008 she pub. the NYT bestseller The Age of Miracles: Embracing the New Midlife. She is the founder of the Peace Alliance, which is pushing Congress to establish a U.S. Dept. of Peace.
In 1975 Brooklyn, N.Y.-born Robert Anton Wilson (1932-2007) and Robert Joseph Shea (1933-94) pub. The Illuminatus! Trilogy, a satire of conspiracy theorists incl. Operation Mindfuck and Celine's Laws; popularizes Discordianism, an attempt to make everybody in the world a pope, who each must excommunicate all the other popes, and issue catmas instead of dogmas, and the word "fnord".
On Aug. 1, 1976 Detroit, Mich.-born Wayne Walter Dyer (1940-) pub. the bestseller Your Erroneous Zones, which sells 35M copies, allowing him to live in Maui and host Oprah Winfrey.
In 1976 Baku, Azerbaijan-born Am. writer Zecharia Sitchin (1920-2010) pub. The Twelfth Planet, which claims that Pre-Nubian and Sumerian texts describe the mysterious planet Nibiru, home of the Annunaki, with a long elliptical orbit that intersects the Solar System every 3.6K years, and collided with planet Tiamat between Mars and Jupiter, forming Earth, the asteroid belt and comets; #1 of the 8-vol. Earth Chronicles series, which sell millions of copies; since the last time Nibiru passed by Earth was in 556 B.C.E., the next time will be 2900 C.E., but Sitchin speculates that a spaceship force might return earlier between 2090-2370; pure baloney?
In 1976 Orientalist Robert K.G. Temple (1945-) pub. The Sirius Mystery, which claims that the Dogon people of W Mali once were in contact with the Nommos ETs from Sirius about 3K B.C.E.
Can a new Ruling Fairy Tale save the world, why not try it? On May 25, 1977 the blockbuster film Star Wars (Episode 4 of 6: A New Hope) (with 60 SFX shots) by dir.-writer George "the Maker" Lucas (1944-) debuts; ticket price is $2.25; "May the Force be with you" joins the lexicon; the Western world gets a new uber-myth called the Force, which neatly bypasses the Bible and other organized religions without directly dissing them and even paying homage to their common grounding in ancient myths, while enshrining Science and Technology firmly above all possible Inquisitions; morphs sci-fi into the comic book realm, with dime-store philosophy added for emphasis to create a near-religious consumer cult (if only they can find a power source for all those gizmos and ships?); Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Obi-Wan Kenobi, Han Solo, Chewbacca the Wookie, the Millennium Falcon ("make it look like a hamburger" - Lucas), Darth Vader, Storm Troopers; Carrie Fisher gets the part of Princess Leia after first choice Jodie Fisher can't get out of her Disney contract; Sir Alec Guinness plays Obi-Wan Kenobe, and talks Lucas into killing him off because he hates the psychobabble lines, but makes a mint, allowing him to pick and choose roles; James Earl Jones makes $7K for his voiceover role as Darth Vader after Orson Welles is turned down for having a voice that is too recognizable; Lucas has to beg 20th Cent. Fox for more money for special effects, but he scores big by retaining ownership of the 6-film series and merchandising; #1 grossing film of 1977, with $460.9M at the domestic box office and $798M worldwide; spawns 250M action figures made through 1985; $4.5B of Star Wars merchandise is eventually sold (about what the U.S. spends each year on its real Star Wars program by the 21st cent.); "The Force is what gives the Jedi his power. It's an energy field created by all living things. It surrounds us and penetrates us. It binds the galaxy together." The original film expands into a 6-film Star Wars Series; "Do or do not, there is no try."
On July 19, 1977 after Antichrist servant Adolf Hitler's defeat in WWII made his return possible, 6'3" navel-less breatharian Maitreya (Sansk. "friendly") the World Teacher arrives in London, England by plane from Pakistan in the final Second Coming of all religions, according to Glasgow, Scotland-born Alice A. Bailey follower and Transmission Meditation founder Benjamin Creme (1922-) (pr. krem); after predicting the Second Coming for June 21, 1982 and being disappointed, he regroups and founds Share Internat. (Tara Center).
On Nov. 16, 1977 Close Encounters of the Third Kind debuts, a quantum leap in sci-fi, starring Richard Dreyfuss as Roy Neary, Teri Garr as his wife, Melinda Dillon as a fellow believer, and French-speaking dir. Francois Truffaut as the govt. scientist investigating visiting ETs, who talk in lights and music; makes Devil's Tower Nat. Monument famous; #2 grossing film of 1977 ($128.2M); first in a string of blockbusters by Steven Allan Spielberg (1946-). Now aliens are intelligent, friendly, and just wanting to communicate and make friends.
In 1977 Shakti Gawain (1948-) and Marc Allen found New World Library (originally Whatever Publishing). In 1978 she pub. Creative Visualization: Use the Power of Your Imagination to Create What You Want in Life, launching a movement. In 1985 she pub. Living in the Light: A Guide to Personal and Planetary Transformation. She goes on to pub. over a dozen books selling 10M copies.
In 1977 after many fairy experiences in her youth, Dutch-born Am. psychic Dora van Gelder Kunz (1904-99) becomes pres. of the Theosophical Society of Am. (until 1987); in 1979 she claims to see fairies in Central Park in New York City, blaming pollution on their scarcity.
In 1977 after conducting LSD research until it is outlawed, then switching to Holotropic Breathwork and co-founding Transpersonal Psychology, which promotes connectedness to a larger sense of being, recognition of the sacred, and a sense of quest, then being invited to the Esalen Inst. in 1973, Prague, Czech-born psychologist Stanislav Grof (1931-) founds the Internat. Transpersonal Assoc., devoted to mapping a person's emotional experiences onto his fetal and neonatal experiences to create a deep human psyche cartography, distinguishing between hylotropic (everyday) and holotropic (holisic) states of consciousness. In 1992 he pub. The Holotropic Mind: The Three Levels of Human Consciousness and How They Shape Our Lives, followed by The Ultimate Journey: Consciousness and the Mystery of Death (2006), LSD: Doorway to the Numinous: The Groundbreaking Psychedelic Research into Realms of the Human Unconscious (2009), Holotropic Breathwork: A New Approach to Self-Exploration and Therapy (2010), and Healing Our Deepest Wounds: The Holotropic Paradigm Shift (2012).
In 1977 Roswell, N.M.-born gorgeous blonde babe Judy Zebra Knight (Judith Darlene Hampton) (1946-) begins channeling Ramtha, a Lemurian warrior who led a 2.5M-man army against Atlantis 35K years ago, going on to found Ramtha's School of Enlightenment in 1987 in Yelm, Wash., which gains 6K students incl. celebs Shirley MacLaine and Linda Evans.
In 1979 Baptist Rev. Jerry Lamon Falwell Sr. (1933-2007), who since 1950 built up the Thomas Road Baptist Church in Lynchburg, Va. to nat. prominence, along with his "Old Time Gospel Hour", aired on 300 U.S. and 64 foreign TV stations founds the Moral Majority along with Heritage Inst. dir. Paul M. Weyrich (who coins the term) to give conservative Christian evangelicals a voice in politics, encouraging voter registration and becoming instrumental in the election of pres. Ronald Reagan and the blocking of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and gay and abortion rights legislation, becoming one of the top 25 most influential Americans by 1983, lashing out against his foes, incl. liberals, abortionists, ACLU, feminists, gay rights activists, and the faithless; he disbands it in the late 1980s to concentrate on his Christian school, Liberty U.; in Dec. the transpartisan mainly New Ager New World Alliance is formed in the U.S. by Vietnam War draft evader Mark Ivor Satin (1946-) as a counter to Jerry Falwell and other evangelical Christian political groups, lasting until 1983 - you either wish him well or wish he'd fall down a well? In 1978 Satin pub. New Age Politics: Healing Self and Society, about the emergent "third force" in North Am. who want decentralization, simple living, and global responsibility.
In 1979 MIT-educated Zen molecular biologist Jon Kabat-Zinn (1944-) founds Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), going on to pub. several books incl. Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness (1990), and Wherever You Go, There You Are: Mindfulness Meditation in Everyday Life (2005).
In 1979 Hertfordshire-born English futurist James Ephraim Lovelock (1919-) pub. Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth, which proposes the Gaia Hypothesis, that the Earth functions as a superorganism, pissing-off Darwinian evolutionists, who smell a Creator or Intelligent Designer? In 1988 the First Chapman Conference on the Gaia Hypothesis in San Diego, Calif. puts forward the theory of English physical chemist James Ephraim Lovelock (1919-) and microbiologist Lynn Margulis (1938-) that the Earth is a single dynamic living system with evolutionary mechanisms to self-regulate and support life - how does that throw Jesus' Second Coming off?
In 1979 after deciding that early Christian Gnosticism was connected with Buddhism, Palo Alto, Calif.-born Barnard College prof. Elaine Pagels (nee Hiesey) (1943-) pub. the bestseller The Gnostic Gospels, about the Nag Hammadi library and how if Gnosticism hadn't been rejected by the Church, how different would it have been, esp. for women. She goes on to pub. Adam, Eve and the Serpent: Sex and Politics in Early Christianity (1988), which disses St. Augustine for identifying sexuality with original sin, The Origin of Satan: How Christians Demonized Jews, Pagans, and Heretics (1995), trivializing Satan as a distillation of Christian hate, Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas (2003), about how the Gospel of Thomas claims that Jesus was not God but just a New Age teacher, and that the Gospel of John was written to counter it and to blacken the name of Doubting Thomas, Reading Judas: The Gospel of Judas and the Shaping of Christianity (2007), how Judas' side to the Gospel story is the Gnostic view that there is a pure spiritual realm beyond the physical world, and Revelations: Visions, Prophecy, and Politics in the Book of Revelation (2012), which trivializes it to anti-Roman propaganda, no need to worry about any nasty Armageddon. That settles it, Jesus was all about New Age thought :) In 1988 her physicist hubby Heinz Rudolf Pagels (1939-88) pub. The Dreams of Reason: The Computer and the Rise of the Sciences of Complexity, on Chaos Theory, which causes Michael Critchton to create the char. of Ian Malcolm in his 1990 novel "Jurassic Park".
In 1979 St. Paul, Minn.-born Starhawk (Miriam Simos) (1951-) pub. the bestseller The Spiral Dance: A Rebirth of the Ancient Religion of the Great Goddess, popularizing neopaganism, Wicca, witchcraft, the Goddess Movement, spiritual feminism, and ecofeminism. In 1982 she pub. Dreaming the Dark: Magic, Sex, and Politics.
In 1979 after working at the Lawrence Berkeley Lab and being wowed by quantum physics, Port Arthur, Tex.-born ex-Green Beret Gary Zukav (1942-) (former roommate of Jack Sarfatti) pub. the NYT bestseller The Dancing Wu Li Masters: An Overview of the New Physics, attempting to explain it to the avg. person, followed in 1989 by the bestseller The Seat of the Soul, explaining how to transform oneself into a multisensory "spirit in a body", which becomes Oprah Winfrey's favorite book other than the Bible. In 1999 he founds the Seat of the Soul Inst.
In the 1980s Detroit, Mich.-born medium Char Margolis (1951-) is discovered by Regis Philbin, becoming a regular on his show; in 2001 she correctly predicts the pregnancy of Kelly Ripa during her audition, gaining her nat. publicity, after which she debuts her TV show Char on Dutch TV; in Mar. 2008 the Dutch TV show Zembla calls her a fraud.
In 1980 Grand Junction, Colo.-born humanistic psychologist Marilyn Ferguson (Marilyn Louise Grasso) (1938-2008) pub. the bestseller The Aquarian Conspiracy: Personal and Social Transformation in Our Time, with conspiracy used in the positive sense of breathing together, becoming "the Bible of the New Age" which is "working its way increasingly into the nation's cultural, religious, social, economic and political life" (New York Times); it contains the soundbyte: "In the beginning, certainly, most did not set out to change society. In that sense, it is an unlikely kind of conspiracy. But they found that their lives had become revolutions. Once a personal change began in earnest, they found themselves rethinking everything, examining old assumptions, looking anew at their work and relationships, health, political power and 'experts', goals and values." In Nov. 2005 she pub. the sequel Aquarius Now: Radical Common Sense and Reclaiming Our Personal Sovereignty.
In 1980 UCB-educated anthropologist Michael Harner (1929-) pub. The Way of the Shaman: A Guide to Power and Healing, teaching Core Shamanism, and founding the Foundation for Shamanic Studies in 1979 in Mill Valley, Calif.
In 1980 Los Angeles, Calif.-born gymnastics instructor Daniel Jay "Dan" Millman (1946-) pub. Way of the Peaceful Warrior, which is filmed in 2006 starring Nick Nolte; he goes on to become a self-help motivational speaker.
In 1980 New York City-born psychiatrist Brian Leslie Weiss (1944-) treats patient Catherine who claims to reveal past lives through hypnosis, making him a believer in reincarnation. On July 15, 1988 he pub. Many Lives, Many Masters: The True Story of a Prominent Psychiatrist, His Young Patient, and the Past-Life Therapy That Changed Both Their Lives, followed by Through Time Into Healing: Discovering the Power of Regression Therapy to Erase Trauma and Transform Mind, Body and Relationships (1993), Only Love Is Real: A Story of Soulmates Reunited (1997), Messages from the Masters: Tapping into the Power of Love (2001), Mirrors of Time: Using Regression for Physical, Emotional, and Spiritual Healing (2002), Same Soul, Many Bodies: Discover the Healing Power of Future Lives through Progression Therapy (2005), and Miracles Happen: The Transformational Healing Power of Past-Life Memories (2012).
In the 1980s New York City-born firewalker Bruce "Tolly" Burkan (1948-) founds the Firewalking Inst. of Research and Education, gaining 3K instructors and 3M students worldwide.
On Mar. 17, 1981 Vienna-born Austrian New Age composer Gandalf (Heinz Strobl) (1952-) releases his debut album Journey to an Imaginary Land, featuring March Against the Endless Plain, and Departure, going on to release several more albums incl. album #24 Colors of a New Dawn (2004), featuring Colors of a New Dawn.
In summer 1981 the 64K-acre Big Muddy Ranch in C Ore., where the 1975 film "Rooster Cogburn" was filmed in 1975 is purchased for $6M by the India-based Rajneesh Foundation Internat. of Indian "sex guru" Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh (1931-90) (AKA Osho), after which 5K members move into the new town called Rajneeshpuram, bringing nudity, free love, herpes and gonorrhea, and pissing-off the local residents of Antelope, Ore. after its city charter is amended on Sept. 18, 1984 to change the name to Rajneesh; the election is rigged by busing in thousands of vagrants and keeping them under sedation until they vote, resulting in 700 cases of salmonella poisoning, becoming the first case of bioterrorism in the U.S.?; the guru's personal secy. Ma Anand Sheela (1950-) is appointed to speak for him while he takes a vow of silence, until he suddenly reneges, pissing her off, causing her to allegedly plot against him and wiretap him, then leave in Sept. 1985 along with 14 other top members, after which on Sept. 16 he calls her a leader of a "gang of fascists" that left the ashram $55M in debt, and dissolves the religion of Rajneeshism and has his followers burn 5K copies of the Book of Rajneeshim on Sept. 30, 1985; on Oct. 28, 1985 the guru is arrested on federal immigration charges and deported; the members leave and the town's name is restored; the 1985 lawsuit Byron v. Rajneesh Foundation Internat. awards Helen Byron of Portland, Ore. the $300K she was induced to hand over to the org. to buy the guru a Rolls Royce.
In 1981 Papanasam, Tamil Nadu, India-born Sri Sri Ravi Shankar Ratnam (1956-) (different person than sitar player Ravi Shankar) founds the Art of Living Foundation, which teaches the breathing-based Sudarshan Kriya technique, and achieves UNESCO consultative status as a NGO; in 1997 he founds the Internat. Assoc. for Human Values charity in Geneva.
In 1981 after being turned on by Thomas Samuel Kuhn's work, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, England-born biochemist Rupert Sheldrake (1942-) pub. A New Science of Life: The Hypothesis of Formative Causation (Morphic Resonance) (2nd ed. 1985, 3rd ed. 2009), which coins the term "Morphic Field", proposing that biological and other phenomena became more probable the more often they occur, hence newly-acquired behaviors are subject to inheritance. In 1991 he pub. The Rebirth of Nature: The Greening of Science and God, agitating for ditching the mechanistic view of Nature. In 1994 he pub. Seven Experiments That Could Change the World: A Do-It-Yourself Guide to Revolutionary Science, proposing a grassroots scientific rev. In 1999 he pub. Dogs That Know When Their Owners Are Coming Home, and Other Unexplained Powers of Animals, about telepathy. In 2003 he pub. The Sense of Being Stared At, and Other Aspects of the Extended Mind. In 2012 he pub. The Science Delusion: Freeing the Spirit of Enquiry.
In Sept. 1981 Am. quantum physicist Fred Alan Wolf (1934-) pub. Taking the Quantum Leap: The New Physics for Nonscientists, launching his writing career exploring the boundary between quantum physics and consciousness, incl. Star Wave: Mind, Consciousness and Quantum Physics (1984), Mind and the New Physics (1985), The Body Quantum: The New Physics of Body, Mind and Health (1986), Parallel Universes: The Search for Other Worlds (1988), The Eagle's Quest: A Physicist's Search for Truth in the Heart of the Shamanic World (1991), The Dreaming Universe: A Mind-Expanding Journey into the Realm where Psyche and Physics Meet (1994), The Spiritual Universe: One Physicist's Vision of Spirit, Soul, Matter and Self (1996), and The Yoga of Time Travel: How the Mind Can Defeat Time (2004).
On Jan. 18, 1982 Kiwi author Michael Baigent (1948-), English author Henry Lincoln (Soskin) (1930-), and Am. author Richard Harris Leigh (1943-2007) pub. The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, expounding the Priory of Sion, Mary Magdalene, Merovingian bloodline conspiracy theory, which is milked financially by Exeter, N.H.-born Dan Brown (1964-) in his "novel that ate the world" The Da Vinci Code (2003); in Mar. 2006 they sue Dan Brown's publisher over it, claiming copyright infringement, and lose, leaving them with Ł3M in legal bills.
In 1982 Sylvan, Ore.-raised Benjamin Hoff (1946-) pub. The Tao of Pooh, a bestseller applying the principles of Taoism to A.A. Milne's "Winnie-the-Pooh"; in 1982 he follows with the bestseller The Te of Piglet.
On Apr. 28, 1982 Godfrey Reggio's film Koyaanisqatsi: Life Out of Balance debuts, featuring cool New Age music by Philip Morris Glass (1937-), who in 1984 debuts the opera Akhnaten. In 1975 he debuted Einstein on the Beach.
On June 4, 1982 Tobe Hooper's Poltergeist, co-written by producer Steven Spielberg debuts, starring Heather O'Rourke (1975-88) as 5-y.-o. Carol Anne Freeling, who begins communicating with a group of spirits led by the Beast via the static on her TV, allowing them to kidnap her, after which parents Steven and Diane Freeling (Craig T. Nelson and JoBeth William) call in spiritual medium Tangina Barrons (Zelda Rubinstein) to help rescue her; grosses $76.6M at the U.S. box office; spawns sequels "Poltergeist II: The Other Side" (1986), and "Poltergeist III" (1988); real human skeletons are used in the swimming pool scene, causing rumors of the Poltergeist Curse on the actors; Heather O'Rourke dies on Feb. 1, 1988 in San Diego, Calif. of heart failure from congenital bowel obstruction and/or Crohn's Disease.
On June 11, 1982 Steven Spielberg's E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial debuts, written by Melissa Mathison, taking the fright out of aliens from outer space (and, by Hollyweird logic, illegal aliens coming into the U.S.?); makes a future star of cute young babe Drew Barrymore (Gertie), not to mention Dee Wallace (Mary), Henry Thomas (Elliott), Peter Coyote (the NASA man "Keys"); Debra Winger is the cute voice of the short lovable little alien guy, who is made out of brown Play-Do and chicken wire, whose face is a composite of Einstein et al., and who looks like a giant penis, the kind both girls and boys like to kiss?
In 1982 Boston punk guitarist Jonathan Goldman, son of ear-nose-throat specialist Irving B. Goldman founds the Sound Healers Assoc. in Lexington, Mass. to promote sound healing, later founding Spirit Music Inc. in anything-goes Boulder, Colo. to continue his work and record albums.
In 1982 the Journal of Near-Death Studies is founded by the Internat. Assoc. for Near-Death Studies in Durham, N.C. (founded in 1981).
In 1982-98 Don Elkins, Carla L. Rueckert, Jim McCarty et al. pub. The Law of One (5 vols.), a channeling of the Ra civilization of ETs.
In 1983 Syracuse, N.Y.-born Master Charles Cannon (1945-) founds the Synchronicity Foundation for Modern Spirituality, presenting the Modern Spirituality holistic philosophy that emphasizes experience before concept.
In July 1983 Am. Christian atty. Constance Cumbey (1944-) pub. The Hidden Dangers of the Rainbow: The New Age Movement and Our Coming Age of Barbarism, the first major evangelical Christian attack on the New Agers, throwing the entire Bible at them and accusing them of having "infiltrated all of Christianity, as well as Judaism", and linking the movement to Nazism, with the soundbyte: "While there are certain superficial similarities among most religions, orthodox Judaism and Christianity stand in direct opposition to every other belief system. It is safe to say, however, that nearly all non-Judeo-Christian religions are extremely similar because, as the Bible indicates, they come from one source, the 'god of this world' - Satan himself."
In 1983 India-born British Christian mystic Andrew Harvey (1952-), founder of Sacred Activism pub. A Journey in Ladakh: Encounters with Buddhism, followed by Son of Man: The Mystical Path to Christ (1998), The Return of the Mother (2000), The Way of Passion: A Celebration of Rumi (2000), and The Hope: A Guide to Sacred Activism (2009).
In 1983 Hollywood actress Shirley MacLaine (Shirley MacLean Beaty) (1934-) pub. the bestseller Out on a Limb, about her past lives and beaus David Manning and Gerry Stamford, popularizing the New Age Movement and Reincarnation.
In 1983 Walton, N.Y.-born New Thought teacher Leonard Dietrich Orr and Calif. writer Sondra Ray (1941-) pub. Rebirthing in the New Age, explaining their Rebirthing-Breathwork System.
In 1983 Farnham, England-born Stuart Wilde (1946-) pub. Miracles, followed by The Force (1984), Affirmations (1986), Life Was Never Meant to Be a Struggle (1987), The Quickening (1988), The Trick to Money is Having Some (1989), The Secrets of Life (1990), Whispering Winds of Change: Perceptions of a New World (1993), Weight Loss for the Mind (1994), Infinite Self: 33 Steps to Reclaiming Your Inner Power (1995), Silent Power (1996), The Money Bible: The Ten Laws of Abundance (1998), Simply Wilde: Discover the Wisdom That Is (1999), Sixth Sense: Including the Secrets of the Etheric Subtle Body (2000), Wilde Unplugged: A Dictionary of Life (2002), God's Gladiators (2003), The Three Keys to Self-Empowerment (2004), The Art of Redemption (2007), Grace, Gaia and the End of Days (2009), and Plum Red: Taoist Tales of Old China (2010), touring with Deepak Chopra, Wayne Dyer, and Louise Hay while becoming known as "the teacher's teacher".
In 1984 the New Age Aum Shinrikyo ("Supreme Truth") (later called Aleph) cult is founded in Tokyo, Japan by Shoko Asahara (1955-), ending up getting listed by several govts. as a terrorist org. after members attack the Tokyo subway system with the nerve gas sarin on Mar. 20, 1995.
In 1984 Los Angeles, Calif.-born Louise L. Hay (1926-) pub. You Can Heal Your Life, which incl. the soundbyte "If you are willing to do the mental work, almost anything can be healed", followed by over two dozen New Thought self-help books.
In 1984 English Wicca priestess Murry Hope (1929-2012), 1957 co-founder of the Atlanteans Society pub. Practical Egyptian Magic (The Ancient Wisdom of Egypt), followed by The Way of Cartouche: An Oracle of Ancient Egyptian Magic (1985), describing her divination method using cards based on symbols from ancient Egyptian temples. In 1988 she founds the Inst. of Transpersonal Sensitivity in Am. In 1999 she pub. her autobio. The Changeling.
In 1984 Niles, Ohio-born Joseph "Joe" Vitale (1952-), founder of Hypnotic Marketing Inc. pub. Zen and the Art of Writing: A New Approach to Creative Expression, becoming known as "the Buddha of the Internet" for combining marketing with spirituality and the Law of Attraction.
On Jan. 2, 1984 Kosciusko, Miss.-born Oprah Gail Winfrey (1954-) debuts her TV talk show on Chicago's WLS-TV, becoming an instant hit and broadcast nationally starting on Sept. 8, 1986, making her the richest African-Am. in the world. She uses the show to promote the New Age Movement, and helped Barack Obama becomes U.S. pres., although she isn't a New Age guru of her own, yet.
In Apr. 1985 after an angel allegedly saved her life at age 28, Baltimore, Md.-born Sophy Burnham (1936-) pub. the article "Angels and Ghosts I Have Known" in New Woman mag., going on to pub. A Book of Angels: Reflections on Angels Past and Present, and True Stories of How They Touch Our Lives (1990), and Angel Letters (1991).
On June 1, 1985 the Battle of the Beanfield sees Margaret Thatcher's Wiltshire police prevent a convoy of several hundred New Agers from setting up the 11th Stonehenge Free Festival after the local English Heritage Society gets a court order to keep them 4 mi. away; after the New Agers camp out in a beanfield, the police brutally dislodge them; in 1991 a court finds the police guilty of misconduct.
In 1985 Pittsburgh, Penn.-born physicist (member of the Fundamental Fysiks Group) Nick Herbert (1936-) pub. Quantum Reality: Beyond the New Physics, followed by Elemental Mind: Human Consciousness and the New Physics (1995), arguing that every natural system has an inner life or conscious center from which it directs and observes its action.
In 1986 after being ordained in Religious Science in 1985, Michael Bernard Beckwith founds the Agape Internat. Spiritual Center in Culver City, Calif., which grows to 8K members.
In 1986 "Britain's leading author and educator in the mind-body-spirit field" William Bloom (1948-) (faculty member of the Findhorn Foundation) pub. Devas, Fairies, and Angels, followed by Personal Identity, National Identity and International Relations (1990), Money, Heart and Mind: Financial Well-Being for People and Planet (Oct. 1996), First Steps: An Introduction to Spiritual Practice (Sept. 1997), Psychic Protection: Creating Positive Energies For People And Places (Dec. 18, 1997), Feeling Safe: How to Be Strong and Positive in a Changing World (Oct. 24, 2002), Solution: The Holistic Manifesto (Oct. 15, 2004), and The Endorphin Effect: A Breakthrough Strategy for Holistic Health and Spiritual Wellbeing (Nov. 3, 2011).
In 1986 famed Toms River, N.J.-born outdoorsman-tracker Tom Brown Jr. (1950-), who was trained in wilderness survival by Lipan Apache elder Stalking Wolf AKA Grandfather pub. The Tracker, followed by The Vision: The Dramatic True Story of One Man's Search for Enlightenment (1988), The Quest: One Man's Search for Peace, Insight, and Healing in an Endangered World (1991), The Journey: A Message of Hope and Harmony for Our Earth and Our Spirits (1992), Awakening Spirits (Religion and Spirituality) (1994), The Way of the Scout: A Native American Path to Finding Spiritual Meaning in a Physical World (1997), Grandfather: A Native American's Lifelong Search for Truth and Harmony with Nature (2001), The Search (with William Owen) (2001), and Conversations with Grandfather (7 vols.) (2008-9).
In Feb. 1986 Am. halfway house patient Byron Katie (Byron Kathleen Mitchell) (1942-) discovers "The Work", a method of self-inquiry to deal with stressful thoughts: 1) Is it true?, 2) Can you absolutely know that it's true?, 3) How do you react, what happens, when you believe that thought?, and 4) Who would you be without that thought? She goes on to teach it to millions worldwide.
In 1986 Albany, N.Y.-born Theravada Buddhist poet Stephen Levine (1937-) pub. Who Dies: An Investigation of Conscious Living and Conscious Dying.
In 1987 after claiming to begin channeling ET Bashar (Arab. "messenger") since 1983 (1984?), Hollyweird SFX artist Darryl Anka (1951-) pub. The New Metaphysics, followed by Blueprint for Change: A Message from Our Future (1990), and Quest for Truth: 100 Insights That Could Change Your Life (1997), selling 300K books in Japan while giving many public channelings; "We thank you for allowing us to reflect what you know."
On Aug. 16-17, 1987 the Harmonic Convergence globally-synchronized meditation is organized by Rochester, Minn.-born Jose (Joseph Anthony) Aruguelles (1939-2011) of Sedona, Ariz., timed with the Mayan Calendar and an unusual alignment of eight planets called a Grand Trine corresponding to "a great shift in the Earth's energy from warlike to peaceful", which Shirley MacLaine calls a "window of light", and is celebrated by thousands of people worldwide who believe it heralds the start of the New Age of Humanity.
On Nov. 11, 1987 the Gulf Breeze UFO Incident in Fla. sees a wave of UFO sightings over three weeks.
In 1987 former NASA atmospheric physicist Barbara Ann Brennan (1939-) pub. Hands of Light: A Guide to Healing Through the Human Energy Field, which sells 1M copies worldwide; in 1982 she founds the Barbara Brennan School of Healing in Fla.
In 1987 New Delhi, India-born Deepak Chopra (1946-) pub. his first book Creating Health: How to Wake Up the Body's Intelligence, launching his bestselling career that incl. 70+ books and 21 NYT bestsellers, selling 20M+ copies worldwide. In 1989 he pub. Quantum Healing: Exploring the Frontiers of Mind/Body Medicine, which claims that quantum physics is the basis of the mind-body connection, and that consciousness is the basic foundation of the Universe. In 1994 he pub. The Seven Spiritual Laws of Success: A Practical Guide to the Fulfillment of Your Dreams. In 2011 he, Marianne Williamson, and Debbie Ford pub. The Shadow Effect: Illuminating the Hidden Power of Your True Self, showing how to utilize your dark side.
In 1987 Austrian-born Am. psychiatrist Karl H. Pribram (1919-) and Am. quantum physicist David Joseph Bohm (1917-92) (former asst. of Albert Einstein) propose the Holonomic Brain Model, which postulates that the brain stores all its info. about the past, present, and future in a "super hologram". In 1991 Bohm and Mark Edwards pub. Changing Consciousness: Exploring the Hidden Source of the Social, Political and Environmental Crises Facing Our World. In 1992 Bohm pub. Thought as a System.
In 1987 Crowborough, Sussex, England-born psychotherapist Roger J. Woolger (1944-2011) pub. Other Lives, Other Selves: A Jungian Psychotherapist Discovers Past Lives, pioneering the Deep Memory Process. In 1989 he and Jennifer Barker pub. The Goddess Within: A Guide to the Eternal Myths That Shape Women's Lives, examining female psychology in terms of Greek goddesses. In 2010 he pub. Healing Your Past Lives: Exploring the Many Lives of the Soul.
On Dec. 15, 1988 David Jay Brown and Robert Anton Wilson pub. Brainchild, a neurosci-fi novel. In Mar. 1993 he and Rebecca McClen Novick pub. Mavericks of the Mind: Conversations for the New Millennium; conversations on the New Age with 17 people incl. Timothy Leary, John Lilly, Allen Ginsberg, and Laura Huxley. On Nov. 15, 1995 he pub. Voices from the Edge: Conversations with Jerry Garcia, Ram Dass, Annie Sprinkle, Matthew, Fox, Jaron Lanier, & Others. On May 9, 2000 he pub. the novel Virus: The Alien Strain, about a kissing-transmitted hallucinogenic virus unleashed by twisted ETs. On Apr. 21, 2005 he pub. Conversations on the Edge: Contemplating the Future with Noam Chomsky, George Carlin, Deepak Chopra, Rupert Sheldrake, and Others. On Jan. 1, 2006 pub. Mavericks of Medicine: Exploring the Future of Medicine with Andrew Weil, Jack Kevorkian, Bernie Siegel, Ray Kurzweil, and Others. On Oct. 25, 2012 he pub. Psychedelic Drug Research: A Comprehensive Review. On Feb. 9, 2013 he pub. Mavericks of the Mind Live! Roundtable Discussions with Timothy Leary, John Lilly, Laura Huxley, Robert Anton Wilson, Nick Herbert, Carolyn Mary Kleefeld, Ralph Abraham, and Others. On May 5, 2013 he pub. The New Science of Psychedelics: At the Nexus of Culture, Consciousness, and Spirituality. Too bad, on Nov. 19, 2012 rogue Wikipedia editor Qworty (Robert Clark Young) deletes his Wikipedia page.
In 1988 Royal Oak, Mich.-born Scott Douglas Cunningham (1956-93) pub. the bestseller Wicca: A Guide for the Solitary Practitioner. Too bad, he dies on Mar. 28, 1993 of AIDS.
In 1988 Jose Luis Stevens and Lena S. Stevens pub. Secrets of Shamanism: Tapping the Spirit Power Within You, founding The Power Path Inc. consulting firm in Santa Fe, N.M.
In 1988 Oklahoma City, Okla.-born Kenneth Earl "Ken" Wilber II (1949-) founds the Integral Inst. in Boulder, Colo. to teach Integral Theory; meanwhile he cranks out a bunch of books incl. Sex, Ecology, Spirituality: The Spirit of Evolution (1995), and A Theory of Everything: An Integral Vision for Business, Politics, Science, and Spirituality (2001),
In 1989 St. Louis, Mo.-born hypnotist Dolores Cannon (1931-) pub. Conversations with Nostadamus (1989, 1990, 1992), launching her career, going on to found Ozark Mountain Publishing and pub. 17 books, mainly transcripts from past life regression sessions incl. Jesus and the Essenes (1992), Between Death and Life: Conversations with a Spirit (Jan. 1, 1993), Keepers of the Garden (June 1, 1993), They Walked with Jesus: Past Life Experiences with Christ (1994), The Convoluted Universe (2001, 2005, 2008, 2012), and The Three Waves of Volunteers and the New Earth (Sept. 1, 2011).
In 1989 San Diego, Calif.-based audio business owner Lee Carroll begins channeling the being Kryon from the Source (Central Sun), who is of the same "family" as Archangel Michael, and who reconstructed the magnetic grid of Earth for its coming spiritual evolution, going on to pub. books about the Indigo Children who represent the next evolution in human consciousness, who are first written about in the 1970s by Nancy Ann Tappe (1931-2012), and further developed by Jan Tober. Starting with Kryon - The End Times: New Information for Personal Peace (1993), and Don't Think Like a Human: Channelled Answers to Basic Questions (1994), Carroll goes on to pub. a total of 15 books selling 1M copies, discussing such concepts as the Universal Calibration Lattice, and the EMF Balancing Technique, discovered by Peggy Phoenix Dubro. "Love is the most powerful force in the universe. It is the glue that will bond our belief together." Tell me that when I'm cleaning the toilet?
In 1989 N.Y.-born Barbara Marx Hubbard (1929-), daughter of toymaker Louis Marx pub. The Hunger of Eve: One Woman's Odyssey Toward the Future. In 1989 she founds the Foundation for Conscious Evolution, going on to pub. The Evolutionary Journey: A Personal Guide to a Positive Future (1993), The Revelation: Our Crisis is a Birth (The Book of Co-Creation) (1993), The Revelation: A Message of Hope for the New Millennium (1995), Conscious Evolution: Awakening the Power of Our Social Potential (1998), Emergence: The Shift from Ego to Essence (2001), and Birth 2012 and Beyond: Humanity's Great Shift to the Age of Conscious Evolution (2012). She proposes the Synergy Engine, an Internet platform where people post their ideas and insights.
In 1989 Am. psychic Joyce Elaine Keller (1969-) begins broadcasting a live show on WGBB in New York City, going on to pub. the Angel Series of books and make appearances on the Oprah Winfrey and Regis Philbin TV shows.
In 1989 English mathematical physicist Sir Roger Penrose (1931-) pub. The Emperor's New Mind, arguing that the mind's ability to best Godel's Theorem shows that it must have a quantum-level operation, which could be involved in the random choice of position when a quantum wave collapses into a particle; in 2016 he claims that consciousness is just a packet of info. stored at the quantum level in microtubules within human cells, and that it leaves the body after a person dies.
In Apr. 1989 San Francisco, Calif.-born dancer-musician Gabrielle Roth (1941-2012), creator of the shamanistic mystical 5Rhythms approach to movement in the late 1970s pub. Maps to Ecstasy: Teachings of an Urban Shaman along with John Loudon. She becomes known for the Wave Dance. In 1998 she pub. Maps to Ecstasy: The Healing Power of Movement.
In Nov. engineer Robert "Bob" Lazar (1959-) gives an interview to reporter George Knapp on KLAS-TV in Las Vegas, Nev., blowing the whistle on the Area 51 facility in Nev. desert, claiming that they are harboring flying saucers from Zeta Reticuli, manned by greys.
In 1990 Swiss New Age anthropologist Kurt Derungs (1962-) founds the field of Landscape Mythology (Anthropology), combining totemism, shamanism, and matriarchal mythology with anthropology, archeology, and ethnology.
In 1990 Charlotte, N.C.-born physician Steven Macon Greer (1955-) founds the Center for the Study of Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CSETI); in 1993 he founds The Disclosure Project, as in make the govt. cough up the real dope on UFOs by interviewing past and present govt. officials; in 1999 he pub. Extraterrestrial Contact: The Evidence and Implications, followed by Disclosure: Military and Government Witnesses Reveal the Greatest Secrets in Modern History (2001), Hidden Truth, Forbidden Knowledge (2006), and Contact: Countdown to Transformation (2009).
In 1990 Am. New Age writer Corinne McLaughlin (1947-) and her partner Gordon Davidson, founders of the Sirius ecological village in Mass. pub. Builders of the Dawn: Community Lifestyles in a Changing World, followed by Spiritual Politics: Changing the World from the Inside Out (1994), and The Practical Visionary: A New World Guide to Spiritual Growth and Social Change (2010). In 1996 they found the Center for Visionary Leadership.
On Sept. 1, 1990 Norma J. Milanovich pub. We the Arcturians: A True Experience, whom she channels, followed by Sacred Journey to Atlantis (1992), the words of Ascended Master Kuthumi about Bimini, and The Light Shall Set You Free (1996), about the Laws of the Universe and the Nine Bodies.
In 1990 Am. psychologist John Selby (1945-) and Seguin, Tex.-born New Age mystic artist Zachary Jay Selig (1949-) (a relative of Revlon co-founder Charles Revson, known for helping launch the career of Margaux Hemingway) pub. Kundalini Awakening: A Gentle Guide to Chakra Activation and Spiritual Growth. In 1992 Selby pub. Peak Sexual Experience, followed by Seven Masters, One Path: Meditation Secrets from the World's Greatest Teachers (2005), Jesus for the Rest of Us (2006), Let Love Find You: Seven Steps to Open Your Heart to Love (2007), Quiet Your Mind: An Easy-to-Use Guide to Ending Chronic Worry and Negative Thoughts and Living a Calmer Life (2008), Tapping the Source: Using the Master Key System for Abundance and Happiness (2010), and Expand This Moment: Focused Meditations to Quiet Your Mind, Brighten Your Mood, and Set Yourself Free (2011).
In 1991 after three weeks with Indian guru Hariwansh Lal Poonja (1910-97) AKA Papaji, New York City-born Andrew Cohen (1955-) pub. Enlightment is a Secret: Teachings of Liberation, pushing Evolutionary Enlightenment, founding EnlightenNext mag. ("What is Enlightenment?), and partnering with Ken Wilber (the Pandit to his Guru). Too bad, after allegations of manipulation and greed, incl. by his mother, along with the 2009 book American Guru: A Story of Love, Betrayal and Healing by William Yenner et al., the mag. folds in 2011 amid financial difficulties.
On Sept. 11, 1991 Pres. George H.W. Bush gives his New World Order Speech to Congress; after 9/11 conspiracy theorists have a field day.
On Dec. 1, 1991 Long Beach, Calif.-born Milton William "Bill" Cooper (1943-2001) pub. Behold a Pale Horse, about the superconspiracy that's behind everything from the Illuminati and the JFK assassination to UFOs and AIDs, and is trying to rule Da World via pop. control; he later retracts the UFO stuff?; "The manifesto of the militia movement" (Terry Nichols); "There was even a time in history when the king was a sacrificial king. Just like John F. Kennedy was in the Temple of the Sun known as Dealey Plaza." Too bad, on Nov. 5, 2001 after allegedly predicting 9/11, he was killed in a shootout with the police in Eager, Ariz.
In 1991 Marshall Govindan AKA Yogacharya M. Govindan Satchidananda of Canada pub. Babaji and the 18 Siddha Kriya Yoga Tradition, a fraud?, followed by Kriya Yoga Sutras of Patanjali and the Siddhas (2000), going on to instruct 10K+ in Babaji's Kriya Yoga along with his wife Durga in the U.S., Europe, and India.
In 1991 Sandra Ingerman of N.M. pub. Soul Retrieval: Mending the Fragmented Self, about how to journey to the spirit world to retrieve parts of the soul that have been lost as a result of earlier trauma, the first of several books on shamanism.
In 1991 Grand Rapids, Mich.-born Michael Coleman Talbot (1953-1992) pub. The Holographic Universe, claiming that the Universe is a hologram, which gains a giant publicity boost with the Mar. 31, 1999 release of the film The Matrix, which is full of cool psychobabble soundbytes, incl.: "I know you're out there. I can feel you now. I know that you're afraid. You're afraid of us. You're afraid of change. I don't know the future. I didn't come here to tell you how this is going to end. I came here to tell you how it's going to begin. I'm going to hang up this phone, and then I'm going to show these people what you don't want them to see. I'm going to show them a world without you. A world without rules and controls, without borders or boundaries; a world where anything is possible. Where we go from there is a choice I leave to you"; "I imagine that right now you're feeling a bit like Alice, tumbling down the rabbit hole"; "You have the look of a man who accepts what he sees because he is expecting to wake up. Ironically, that's not far from the truth"; "Unfortunately, no one can be told what The Matrix is. You have to see it for yourself"; "I'm trying to free your mind, Neo. But I can only show you the door. You're the one that has to walk through it"; "You take the blue pill, the story ends here, you wake up and believe whatever you want to believe. You take the red pill and I'll show you just how deep the rabbit hole goes"; "The Matrix is the world that has been pulled over your eyes to blind you from the truth"; "Have you ever had a dream, Neo, that you were so sure was real? What if you were unable to wake from that dream? How would you know the difference between the dream world and the real world?"; "Reality is a thing of the past"; "There is a difference between knowing the path and walking the path."
In 1992 Valentine, Neb.-born Betty Jean Eadie (1942-) pub. Embraced by the Light, a NYT #1 bestseller about her near-death experience (NDE) in Nov. 1973, claiming to have visited Heaven and met Jesus, followed by The Awakening Heart: My Continuing Journey to Love (1996), The Ripple Effect (1999), and Embraced by the Light: Prayers and Devotions for Daily Living (2001).
Speaking of Jesus. In 1992 Am. artist Glenda Allen Green (1945-) paints The Lamb and the Lion, a New Age portrait of a Kevin Costner surfer boy Christ, which is a hit, causing her to pub. the bestseller Love Without End: Jesus Speaks (1998), followed by The Keys of Jeshua (2004).
In 1992 Detroit, Mich.-born Roman Catholic psychotherapist Thomas Moore (1940-) pub. the bestseller (500K copies) Care of the Soul: A Guide for Cultivating Depth and Sacredness in Everyday Life, which chucks New Age mumbo-jumbo in the discussion of spirituality; "Ritual maintains the world's holiness. As in a dream a small object may assume significance, so in a life that is animated by ritual there are no insignificant things." In 1994 he pub. Soul Mates: Honoring the Mystery of Love and Relationship.
In 1992 Omaha, Neb.-born Daniel Quinn (1935-) pub. the New Age environmental novel Ishmael, followed by the sequels The Story of B (1996), and My Ishmael (1997). In 1994 he pub. the autobio. Providence: The Story of a Fifty-Year Vision Quest. In 1999 he pub. Beyond Civilization: Humanity's Next Great Adventure, promoting New Tribalism.
On Sept. 10, 1993 the super-successful TV series The X-Files debuts on CBS-TV for 202 episodes (until May 19, 2002), created by Christopher Carl "Chris" Carter (1956-), with the creepy X-File Theme and other music by Mark Snow (Martin Fulterman) (1946-) (brother-in-law of Tyne Daly), introducing by-the-book scientific FBI babe-agent Dana Scully, played by Gillian Leigh Anderson (1968-), who is paid to reign in maverick paranormal-curious FBI agent-stud Fox Mulder, played by David William Duchovny (1960-), who is investigating the mysterious deaths of h.s. students in Ore.; introduces Scully's Theme; too bad, 9/11 ends up killing the series - right next to Twin Peaks?
In 1993 English writer Jenny Cockell (1953-) pub. Yesterday’s Children: The Extraordinary Search for My Past Life Family, claiming to have lived before as Mary Sutton in mid-1900s Ireland, followed by Across Time and Death: A Mother's Search for Her Past Life Children (1994), describing how she reuinted with Sutton's children, some of whom accepted her, Past Lives, Future Lives: One Woman's Extraordinary Experiences of Other Lifetimes (1996), claiming that she will be reborn in Nepal around 2050 under the name Nadja, and Journeys Through Time: Uncovering My Past Lives (2008).
In 1993 James Redfield (1950-) self-pub. the novel The Celestine Prophecy, about a man goes on a New Age spiritual journey in Peru to find an ancient ms. with nine insights; self.-pub., it becomes the #2 internat. bestseller of 1995 and the #1 bestseler of 1996, selling 20M+ copies worldwide; "Trust your synchronicity." In 1996 he follows it with the bestseller The Tenth Insight: Holding the Vision, and Holding the Vision: An Experiential Guide.
In 1993 after traveling to Lucknow, India in 1990 and meeting guru Sri Hariwansh Lal Poonja (1910-97) AKA Papaji, who gives her the name Gangaji, Tex.-born Merle Antoinette "Toni" Roberson (1942-) sets up the Gangaji Foundation in Ashland, Ore., and becomes a popular New Age teacher, going on to pub. Just Like You: An Autobiography (2003), The Diamond in Your Pocket: Discovering Your True Radiance (2007), and Hidden Treasure: Uncovering the Truth in Your Life Story (2011). Her husband Eli Jaxon-Bear (Elliot J. Zeldow) (1947-) founds the Leela Foundation, later getting caught cheating on her.
In July-Aug. 1993 Washington, D.C. tests the Invincible Defense Technology technique of having large groups publicly practice Transcendental Meditation, claiming a 24% reduction in the crime rate.
In 1993-8 the Scole Experiment by four psychic researchers in Scole, Norfolk, England is witnessed by hundreds and monitored by an internat. team, producing the best evidence so far of life after death.
In 1994 Alexandria, Egypt-born Belgian writer Robert Bauval (1948-) and Adrian Gilbert pub. The Orion Mystery, touting the Orion Correlation Theory which claims a correlation between stars in the constellation Orion and pyramids of the 4th Egyptian Dynasty in Giza, which Bauval formulated in 1983.
In 1994 Dannion Brinkley (1950-) pub. Saved by the Light: The True Story of a Man Who Died Twice and the Profound Revelations He Received, describing his two near-death experiences (NDEs), followed by The Secrets of the Light: Spiritual Strategies to Empower Your Life... Here and in the Hereafter (2004), making him a New Age celeb.
In 1994 British DNA man Francis Crick pub. The Astonishing Hypothesis: The Scientific Search for the Soul, which denies spirit in the functioning of the human mind, and contains the soundbytes: "A person's mental activities are entirely due to the behavior of nerve cells, glial cells, and the atoms, ions, and molecules that make them up and influence them", and "You, your joys and your sorrows, your memories and your ambitions, your sense of personal identity and free will, are in fact no more than the behaviour of a vast assembly of nerve cells and their associated molecules." In 1996 Australian philosopher David John Chalmers (1966-) counters with The Conscious Mind: In Search of a Fundamental Theory, which claims that all forms of physicalism fail to acocunt for the existence of consciousness itself.
In 1994 after developing an interest in people with alleged alien abduction experiences, New York City-born Harvard Medical School psychiatry prof. John Edward Mack (1929-2004) pub. Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens, followed by Passport to the Cosmos: Human Transformation and Alien Encounters (1999), getting him investigated by his univ. in an Inquisition, which fails to oust him but stinks themselves up.
In 1994 Los Angeles, Calif.-born gay Buddhist Mark Matousek (1957-) (formerly employed by Andy Warhol) and Andrew Harvey pub. Dialogues with a Modern Mystic; "As the Dalai Lama and many other contemporary spiritual leaders have emphasized, ours is not an era when seekers after God can afford to withdraw from the world. As darkness and danger increase around us, enlightenment becomes less and less a private affair. We are being called upon today to act as enlightened revolutionaries, bodhisattvas compassionate action to preserve the creation and to help usher in the next millennium." In 1996 Matousek pub. his autobio. Sex Death Enlightenment: A True Story. In 2008 he pub. When You're Falling, Dive: Lessons in the Art of Living, about coping with HIV.
In 1994 New Age holistic medicine doctor Christiane Northrup pub. Women's Bodies, Women's Wisdom, going on to crank out more bestsellers and sell 4.4M copies.
In 1994 Pope (since 1978) John Paul II (1920-2005) pub. the bestseller Crossing the Threshold of Hope, which warns Catholics to avoid Buddhist and Hindu practices; of course, the American ones do what they want anyway.
In 1994 the peer-reviewed Journal of Consciousness Studies is founded by the Center for Consciousness Studies at the U. of Ariz. in Tucson.
In 1995 after pub. How to Make Love All the Time: Make Love Last a Lifetime in 1991, Philly-born Barbara De Angelis (1951-) pub. Real Moments: Discover the Secret for True Happiness. She goes on to pub over a dozen bestsellers while getting married 5x.
In 1995 Am. quantum physicist Amit Goswami pub. The Self-Aware Universe, which claims that the Universe is self-aware, and consciousness not matter is the ground of all existence, creating the physical world, followed by Quantum Creativity: Waking Up to Our Creative Potential (1999), Science and Spirituality: A Quantum Integration (2000), Physics of the Soul: The Quantum Book of Living, Dying, Reincarnation and Immortality (2001), The Visionary Window: A Quantum Physicist's Guide to Enlightenment (2006), Creative Evolution: A Physicist's Resolution Between Darwinism and Intelligent Design (2008), How Quantum Activism Can Save Civilization: A Few People Can Change Human Evolution (2011), The Quantum Doctor: A Quantum Physicist Explains the Healing Power of Integral Medicine (2011), and God Is Not Dead: What Quantum Physics Tells Us About Our Origins and How We Should Live (2012), founding the Center for Quantum Activism.
On Mar. 13, 1995 Indian physician Madan Kataria holds the first Laughter Yoga Club in a public park in Mumbai, India, spreading worldwide and reaching 8K clubs in 65 countries by 2011.
On June 30, 1995 Todd Haynes' Safe (Sony Pictures) debuts, set in the San Fernando Valley in 1987, starring Julianne Moore as homemaker Carol White, who develops Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS) (20th Cent. Disease), and ends up in the New Age Wrenwood retreat run by controlling guru Peter Dunning (Peter Friedman); best movie of the 1990s?; first of three Haynes-Moore collaborateions.
In 1995 ZetaTalk Web site founder Nancy Lieder advances the theory of the Planet Nibiru Cataclysm, a collision or near-miss supposed to take place in the early 21st cent. (originally May 2003) based on alleged contact with ETs from Zeta Ridiculi, er, Zeta Reticuli, causing Zecharia Sitchin to disavow her.
In 1996 Am. Zen teacher Adyashanti (Sansk. "primordial peace") (Steven Gray) (1962-) founds Open Gate Sangha (Sansk. "spiritual community") in San Francisco, Calif..
On Jan. 1, 1996 Am. cardiologist Herbert Benson (1935-) pub. Timeless Healing: The Power and Biology of Belief, claiming that our bodies are wired for God, bringing spirituality into medicine.
In 1996 Madison, Wisc.-born Dominican feminist theologian Matthew Fox (1940-), a leader in Creation Spirituality (known for calling God "Mother", associating with Native Ams. and the Wicca tradition, refusing to condemn homosexuals, and turning Original Sin into Original Blessing, which gets him silenced by Cardinal Ratzinger for one year in 1988 and expelled in 1993) founds the U. of Creation Spirituality in Oakland, Calif., which is later renamed Wisdom U.. In 2005 James Amon "Jim" Garrison (1951-) becomes pres. (until ?).
In 1996 Dutch scholar Wouter Jacobus Hanegraaff (1961-) pub. New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought, a serious academic review of the New Age Movement, raising interest.
In 1996 Chicago, Ill.-born Caroline Myss (1952-) (pr. like mace) pub. Anatomy of the Spirit: The Seven Stages of Power and Healing, going on to make several appearances on "The Oprah Winfrey Show" and host a TV series on Oprah's Oxygen Network.
In 1996 Philadelphia, Penn.-born psychic psychiatrist Judith Orloff (1951-) pub. Second Sight: A Psychiatrist Clairvoyant Tells Her Extraordinary Story and Shows You How to Discover Your Psychic Gifts, propounding her practice of "energy psychiatry". In 2001 the book was mentioned as an example of "irresponsible scientific work" in testimony before the U.S. Senate Special Committee on Aging, making it more popular?
In Sept. 1996 Suzanne Segal (1955-97) pub. Collision with the Infinite: A Life Beyond the Personal Self, describing her sudden experience of depersonalization incl. moments of "vastness" after using her name as a mantra, with the soundbyte "In the dissolution of the witness, there was literally no more experience of a 'me' at all"; too bad, she dies in 1997 of a brain tumor.
On Oct. 1, 1996 Milwaukee, Wisc.-born homeless man Neale Donald Walsch (1943-) of Ore. pub. Conversations with God: An Uncommon Dialogue, about his "unselfish" pantheistic God whose motto is "There is nothing you have to do", which becomes an internat. bestseller and spawns a series of 28 books. In Mar. 2003 he founds Humanity's Team in Boulder, Colo. in response to 9/11 as "a civil rights movement for the soul", gaining 60K members in 90 countries. On Oct. 24, 2010 he holds his first Global Oneness Day.
Mirror, mirror, on the wall, who is the greatest star of all? On Mar. 26, 1997 as the approach of Comet Hale-Bopp stirs the world's imagination (incl. a rash of Hollywood movies, all making money from Millennium Fever), police discover the Heaven's Gate cult mass suicide in San Diego, Calif. via phenolbarbitol, vodka, and plastic bags on their heads; these 39 castrated web designers (18 women, 21 men) (all dressed alike, with close-cropped hair), led by zany Marshall Herff Applewhite (b. 1931) believed that their spirits will meet ETs in the comet after leaving their "vehicles"; they made their dough by designing Web sites under the name Higher Source, and ran their own cool Heaven's Gate Web Site.
In 1997 New York City-born Sheldan Nidle (1946-) founds the Planetary Activation Org. in Maui, Hawaii, devoted to contact of Starseeds on Agartha with the Sirians and their Galactic Federation of Light Allies.
In 1997 J.K. (Joanne "Jo") Rowling (1965-) pub. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone; sales begin to take off in June, soon causing a healthy rise in Satanism among children as the Edinburgh welfare queen leaves the welfare rolls and becomes the richest woman in the U.K., selling 6.9M books in one 24-hour period; "Mr. and Mrs. Dursley... were proud to say that they were perfectly normal, thank you very much" (first line); the 7-novel series sells 400M copies (bestselling series in history), and incl.: Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (1998); Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (1999); Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2000); Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2003), Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2005), and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (2007); "I've met thousands of children, and not even one time has a child come up to me and said, 'I'm so glad I've read these books, because now I want to be a witch'" (Rowling) (instead of a muggle?); Harry Potter "the Boy Who Lived", Ron and Ginny Weasley, Hermione Granger, Muggle cousin Dudley Dursley and his pal Piers, Peeves, Draco Malfoy, Neville Longottom (birthday one day before Harry), Sirius and Regulus Black, Remus J. Lupin, Peter "Wormtail" Pettigrew, Lupin, Moony, Padfoot, Prongs, Alastor "Mad Eye" Moody, Rubeus Hagrid, Hedwig and Errol the pet owls, Prof. Albus Dumbledore, Prof. Minerva McGonagall, Prof. Severus Snape, Prof. Flitwick, 9-3/4 King's Cross Station, Hogwarts School, Gryffindor House, Slytherin House, Ravenclaw House, Hufflepuff House, Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, Rowena Ravenclaw, Helga Hufflepuff, Diagon Alley, Mirror of Erised, Lord Voldemort ("He-Who-Must-Not-Be-Named"), 3-headed dog Fluffy, Floo Powder, Bertie Bott's Every Flavour Beans (tar, earwax, mud), Quidditch, Nimbus 2000 broomstick, the missing Horcruxes, the Death Eaters.
On Nov. 7, 1997 Mexican writer Don Miguel Angel Ruiz (1952-) (disciple of Carlos Castaneda) pub. The Four Agreements: A Practical Guide to Personal Wisdom (A Toltec Wisdom Book), which sells 4M copies; 1) Be impeccable with your word, 2) Don't take anything personally, 3) Don't make assumptions, 4) Always do your best. On Mar. 9, 2010 he pub. The Fifth Agreement: A Practical Guide to Self-Mastery (A Toltec Wisdom Book), which adds 5) Be skeptical but learn to listen.
In 1997 Lunen, Germany-born Canadian writer Eckhart (Ulrich Leonard) Tolle (1948-) pub. The Power of Now: A Guide to Spiritual Enlightenment, which doesn't sell well until Oprah Winfrey recommends it in "O" mag. in 2000, after which it sells 3M copies; he follows it in 2005 with A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life's Purpose, which sells 5M copies, making him "the most popular spiritual author in the United States" (NYT).
On Jan. 1, 1998 the Global Consciousness (EGG) Project at Princeton U. begins, utilizing a worldwide network of "detectors".
In 1998 Debbie Ford (1955-2013) pub. the bestseller The Dark Side of the Light Chasers, about dealing with one's shadow side; she goes on to write eight more books that sell 1M copies.
In Nov. 1998 Fred Gage of the Salk Inst. discovers Neurogenesis, proving that adult humans, even the elderly can generate new brain cells throughout life, which becomes known as Neuroplasticity.
In 1998 New York City-born biologist Ursula Wiltshire Goodenough (1943-) pub. The Sacred Depths of Nature, promoting Religious Naturalism and the Epic of Evolution.
On Nov. 1, 1999 English-born Australian mystic Robert Bruce (1955-) pub. Astral Dynamics: A New Approach to Out-of-Body-Experiences, going on to sell 50K copies and produce more books and videos.
In 1999 Leicester, England-born David Vaughan Icke (1952-) (pr. ike) pub. The Biggest Secret: The Book That Will Change the World, claiming the existence of Reptilians (Reptoids) (Reptiloids) (Draconians) who are infiltrating the Earth.
On Oct. 19, 1999 Am. TV journalist Walter Cronkite addresses the World Federalist Assoc., uttering the soundbyte "I'm glad to sit on the right hand of Satan" before introducing Hillary Clinton, after which he is presented the Norman Cousins Global Governance Award for supporting OWG, and disses Christian evangelists like Pat Robertson, stoking conspiracy theorists.
On Nov. 2, 1999 West Chester, Penn.-born "Psychic Twins" Linda and Terry Jamison are interviewed on the Art Bell radio show, predicting a terrorist attack on the WTC in 2002; too bad, it happens on Sept. 11, 2001.
In 1999 Yokohama, Japan-born Masaru Emoto (1943-) pub. Messages from Water, the first in a series about how human consciousness effects its molecular structure, esp. in water crystals.
In 1999 after claiming to be visited by Tobias of the Crimson Council on an airplane in 1997 Appleton, Wisc.-born Geoffrey Hoppe (1955-) founds the Crimson Circle Energy Co. in Incline Village, Nev.
In 1999 Society for Psychical Research investigator Montague Vernon Keen (1925-2004) pub. The Scole Report, which claims that mediums "had established contact with a 'team' of spirit communicators comprising, or in contact with, a number of former scientists." After he passes in Jan. 2004, his widow Veronica Keen begins channeling messages from him while running the Montague Keen Foundation.
In 1999 Paionia, Colo.-born psychonaut Terence McKenna (1946-2000) pub. Food of the Gods: A Radical History of Plants, Drugs, and Human Evolution, which claims that Homo sapiens started as a "stoned ape" when Homo erectus began consuming the psychedelic mushroom Psilocbe cubensis about 100K B.C.E.; too bad, on Apr. 3, 2000 he dies in San Rafael, Calif. of brain cancer.
In 2000 after trying since the late 1980s to get it introduced into Congress in vain, Harvey Francis Barnard (1941-2005) releases his NESARA (Nat. Economic Security and Recovery Act) proposal on the Internet, proposing to replace the income tax with a nat. sales tax, abolish compound interest on secured loans, and return to a bimetallic currency to reduce inflation to 0% and stabilize the economy, after which "Dove of Oneness" Shaini Candace Goodwin (1947-2010), former student of the Ramtha School of Enlightenment claims that the bill was passed in a secret Congressional session in Mar. 2000 and signed by Pres. Clinton, set to be implemented at 10 a.m. on 9/11/2001, and that all the computers and data were stored on the 2nd floor of the WTC and destroyed in the 9/11 attacks ordered by Pres. George W. Bush, who starts the Iraq War as a distraction. According to her, the bill actually passed cancels all personal debts, abolishes the IRS, declares world peace, and mandates new pres. and congressional elections, and is being covered-up by the govt.
In 2000 after self-healing a basketball-sized tumor using cell memories, U.S.-born Brandon Bays pub. The Journey: A Road Map to the Soul, which becomes a bestseller in the U.K.
In 2000 Drunvalo Melchizedek pub. The Ancient Secret of the Flower of Life, Hermeticism in modern garb.
In 2000 Brooklyn, N.Y.-born cancer survivor Mark Nepo (1951-) pub. The Book of Awakening, which Opra Winfrey selects in 2010 as one of her Ultimate Favorite Things, making it a #1 NYT bestseller.
In 2000 Calif.-born Doreen Virtue (1958-) pub. Angel Visions, describing her spiritual healing method called Angel Therapy; she writes 50+ books.
In 2001 New York City-born Canadian wholistic psychotherapist Daniel J. Benor (1941-) pub. Spiritual Healing: Scientific Validation of a Healing Revolution, Vol. 1, followed by vol. 2 in 2004.
On July 10, 2001 after quitting to hike to Tibet in 1998, Cisco computer systems designer Greg Braden pub. The Isaiah Effect: Decoding the Lost Science of Prayer and Prophecy, followed by The Divine Name (2004), The God Code: The Secret of Our Past, the Promise of Our Future (2005), Secrets of the Lost Mode of Prayer: The Hidden Power of Beauty, Blessings, Wisdom, and Hurt (2006), The Divine Matrix: Bridging Time, Space, Miracles, and Belief (2008), The Spontaneous Healing of Belief: Shattering the Paradigm of False Limits (2008), The Mystery of 2012: Predictions, Prophecies, and Possibilities (2009), Fractal Time: The Secret of 2012 and a New World Age (2010), Entanglement: A Tales of Everyday Magic (2012), and Deep Truth: Igniting the Memory of Our Origin, History, Destiny, and Fate (2012), claiming that the obsolete beliefs of our modern worldview are bringing us to the brink of disaster.
In 2001 after Russian biophysicist Pyotr Garjajev does research into DNA, discovering that the 90% called "junk DNA" might explain clairvoyance, intuition, auras et al., claiming that DNA is a Biological Internet, German writers Franz Bludorf and Graznya Fosar pub. Vernetzte Intelligenz, summarizing the results.
In 2001 Rita Louise pub. The Power Within: A Psychic Healing Primer, followed by Avoiding the Cosmic 2x4 (2004), Dark Angels: An Insider's Guide to Ghosts, Spirits and Attached Entities (2009), and Man-Made: The Chronicles of Our Extraterrestrial Gods (2012). She goes on to found Just Energy Radio, and the Inst. of Applied Energetics.
In June 2002 after pub. a report in 1959 about walking through a public park dressed in a sheet like a ghost and nobody noticing, Cambridgeshire, England-born parapychologist Anthony Donald "Tony" Cornell (1924-2010) pub. Investigating the Paranormal, his magnum opus after 50 years of research, which finds that it's mostly bunk; "I take the view that the most nonsensical aspect of much of the physical phenomena in the seance room is the implicit notion that the discarnate resort to such ludicrous, absurd, and facile physical effects to prove that there is life after death. If, as claimed, life in the next world is more advanced than that on earth, one might be forgiven to expect proof of a more intelligent type than what appears acceptable to both the dead and the living, night after night, in the seance room. The shaking of tables and banging of tambourines, the creation of cold breezes and touches, trumpets cavorting and prancing about the room banging the heads of the sitters, and all the other antics that go on in the dark say little for the proficiency of the alleged discarnate visitors. If the "spirits" have been capable of such a momentous feat as surviving bodily death transcending time and manipulating matter in this world while existing in another dimension of time and space – why do they not materialize in the seance room something really worth the effort?"
In Apr. 2002 Milwaukee, Wisc.-born psychiatrist David Ramon Hawkins (1927-2012) pub. Power vs. Force: The Hidden Determinants of Human Behavior, which pushes Applied Kinesiology (AK), a pseudo-science claiming that the extended arm can be used as a lie detector with a dowsing maneuver applied by the tester, and in addition a spiritual scale of absolute truth can be based on it, with Christ maxing the scale out at 1000, which some criticize as threatening to found a new fundamentalist cult, esp. when Hawkins rates himself at 999.8; rev. ed. pub. on May 15, 2012, after which he dies on Sept. 19.
In June 2002 NASA scientists test Indian-born Sun-Gazer (Breatharian) Hira Ratan Manek (Hirachand) (HRM) (1937-) of Winter Park, Fla., who claims he lived only on liquids and sunlight for eight years, verifying that he survived 130 days on water plus one hour of staring at the sun at sunset, claiming to "eat through his eyes"; sun-gazers make several startling claims about the sunlight enlarging their pineal glands and curing diseases; too bad, HRM is later caught eating, lying, then admitting it.
In 2002 New Yorker Daniel Pinchbeck (1966-) pub. Breaking Open the Head: A Psychedelic Journey into the Heart of Contemporary Shamanism, followed by 2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl (2006). In 2007 he launches the online New Age mag. Reality Sandwich, with the motto "Evolving consciousness, bite by bite."
In June 2003 Am. RV student Aaron C. Donahue announces that he's a Luciferian, because Lucifer is "the father of the human race" who genetically engineered humanity from primates, and is being framed by angels ("spiritual parasites"), who are really to blame for the world's problems, announcing his P.A.N. (Practical Application of Nonhistorical Data) that allegedly helped him win the Calif. Lottery, causing his teacher Ed Dames to break with him, causing him to utter the soundbyte: "Lucifer is the loving progenitor of what we refer to as a complete human being or mirror. It does not take your soul but rather, it provides sanctuary... Lucifer also oversees much of our future with children. This will explain why it is that Ed has never located a missing child. Ed is clearly influenced by the Angels who are at war with mankind..."
In Aug. 2003 the Internat. Cryptozoology Museum in Portland, Maine opens, featuring genuine Yeti hair.
In 2003 Am. Buddhist psychologist Tara Brach (1953-) pub. Radical Acceptance: Embracing Your Life with the Heart of a Buddha. On Jan. 22, 2013 she pub. True Refuge: Finding Peace and Freedom in Your Own Awakened Heart.
In 2003 Marie D. Jones pub. Looking for God in All the Wrong Places, followed by PSIence: How New Discoveries in Quantum Physics and New Science May Explain the Existence of Parnormal Phenomena (2006), 2013: The End of Days or a New Beginning: Envisioning the World After the Events of 2012 (2008), Supervolcano (with John Savino) (2008), The Resonance Key: Exploring the Links Between Vibration, Consciousness, and the Zero Point Grid (with Larry Flaxman) (2009), 11:11 the Time Prompt Phenomenon: The Meaning Behind Mysterious Signs, Sequences, and Synchronicities (with Larry Flaxman) (2009), Modern Science and the Paranormal (Haunted: Ghosts and the Paranormal) (2009), The Deja vu Enigma: A Journey Through the Anomalies of Mind, Memory and Time (2010), Destiny vs. Choice: The Scientific and Spiritual Evidence Behind Fate and Free Will (2011), and The Trinity Secret: the Power of Three and the Code of Creation (2011).
In 2003 the Pontifical Councils for Culture and Religious Dialogue pub. Jesus Christ: The Bearer of the Water of Life. A Christian Reflection on the "New Age", pointing out that the New Age Movement is neither new nor a religious movement, but is an eclectic mix from the Orient, Gnosticism, and pagan religions, mixed with Darwinian Evolution, Depth Psychology, Quantum Mechanics, Feminism, and Ecology, that's right, they're jealous and should see a pshrink. In 2006 the Catholic Truth Society pub. Understanding the New Age Movement, blasting it for perverting true Christianity.
In 2004 Ravenous, er, Ravenna, Ohio-born "psychic vampire" Michelle Belanger (1973-) pub. The Psychic Vampire Codex, followed by other books, going on to appear on A&E, History Channel et al., what shade of lipstick is that.
On Apr. 23, 2004 the film What the Bleep Do We Know!?, dir. by William Arntz et al. (students of Ramtha's School of Enlightenment) debuts, claiming a spiritual connection between quantum physics and consciousness, grossing $10M.
In Sept. 2004 Coalville, Utah-born Esther Hicks (nee Weaver) (1948) and her Amway distributor hubby Jerry, known for channeling a group of entities called Abraham pub. Ask and It Is Given: Learning to Manifest Your Desires, the first of a string of bestsellers incl. The Amazing Power of Deliberate Intent: Living the Art of Allowing (2006), The Law of Attraction: The Basics of the Teachings of Abraham (Oct. 2006), Money and the Law of Attraction: Learning to Attract Health, Wealth and Happiness (Aug. 2008), The Astonishing Power of Emotions: Let Your Feelings Be Your Guide (Sept. 2008), and Vortex: Where the Law of Attraction Assembles All Cooperative Relationships (2009). After narrating and starring in Rhonda Byrne's hit 2006 film "The Secret", Esther gets in a contract dispute and drops out, I guess the Law of Attraction has a badass side.
On Dec. 1, 2004 Southampton, England-born Ian Lawton (1959-) pub. The Book of the Soul: Rational Spirituality for the Twenty-First Century, introducing the idea of "Rational Spirituality" that relies on "evidence not faith", using near-death experiences (NDEs) and past-life regression as proof of the soul.
On Mar. 31, 2004 Helen Schucman disciple Michael Mirdad of Bellingham, Wash. pub. The Seven Initiations of the Spiritual Path: Understanding the Purpose of Life's Tests, followed by Sacred Sexuality: A Manual for Living Bliss (Aug. 21, 2004), You're Not Going Crazy... You're Just Waking Up! The Five Stages of Soul Transformation Process (2008), An Introduction to Tantra and Sacred Sexuality (2008), and Healing the Heart & Soul: A Five-Step, Soul-Level Healing Process for Transforming Your Life (2011).
In Nov. 2004 after becoming the first Ascended Master to admit a channeled UFO-related entity, Master Ashtar into his teachings, Joshua David Stone (1953-2005) founds I AM (Integrated Ascended Masters) U. in San Luis Obispo, Calif., which later moves to Austria; when he dies Gloria Excelsias takes over.
In 2005 Belsebuub (Belzebuub) pub. A Course in Astral Travel and Dreams, followed by The Peace of the Spirit Within: A Guide to Transform Your Life (2006), When I Go to Sleep (2006), Secret Knowledge, Hidden Wisdom (2007), and Gazing into the Eternal: Reflections Upon a Deeper Purpose to Living (2010).
On Apr. 1, 2005 Robert Berringer pub. Ancient Gods and Their Mysteries: Will They Return in 2012 AD?, claiming that ancient deities Yahweh (Jehovah) and Quetzalcoatl left a "trail of breadcrumbs", and will return on Dec. 21, 2012.
On Jan. 3, 2005 Medium debuts on NBC-TV for 130 episodes (until Jan. 21, 2011), moving to CBS-TV on Sept. 25, 2009, based on real-life medium Allison DuBois (1972-) starring Patricia Arquette as medium Allison DuBois of Phoenix, Ariz., who works with the DA; all three of her daughters have her gift.
On Nov. 16, 2005 Los Angeles, Calif.-born Mayanist Ian Xel Lungold (1949-2005) passes, leaving The Mayan Calendar Comes North.
On Sept. 23, 2005 Ghost Whisperer, based on the experiences of Bayside, N.Y.-born psychic medium James Van Praagh (1958-) debuts on CBS-TV for 107 episodes (until May 21, 2010), starring Jennifer Love Hewitt (1979-) as medium Melinda Gordon, who helps the dead pass over to the other side.
In 2005 Mount Kisco, N.Y.-born developmental biologist Bruce Harold Lipton (1944-) pub. The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter and Miracles, which sells 100K copies, claiming that one can manipulate one's genes and DNA with mind-spirit. In 2006 he pub. The Wisdom of Your Cells: How Your Beliefs Control Your Biology, followed by Spontaneous Evolution: Our Positive Future and a Way to Get There from Here (with Steve Bhaerman) (2009).
On Nov. 26, 2006 Australian writer-producer Rhonda Byrne (1951-) pub. the bestseller The Secret, which sells 19M copies worldwide, promoting the Law of Attraction. On Aug. 17, 2010 she follows it with the bestseller The Power.
In 2006 Slovenian pres. #2 (since Dec. 22, 2002) Janez Drnovsek (1950-2008) goes New Age and founds the Movement for Justice and Development.
On Sept. 19, 2006 former ABC-TV exec SQuire Rushnell pub. When God Winks at You: How God Speaks Directly to You Through the Power of Coincidence, coining the term "godwink", followed by Divine Alignment: How Godwink Moments Guide Your Journey (2013), claiming that each person is born with a built in GPS, God's Positioning System.
On June 18, 2007 Peter Joseph releases the online documentary Zeitgeist: the Movie, dissing Jesus Christ as a myth, 9/11 as a conspiracy, and internat. bankers as the men behind the curtain, followed by Zeitgeist: Addendum (Oct. 2008), and Zeitgeist: Moving Forward (Jan. 26, 2011), founding the Zeitgeist Movement, which promotes the elimination of private property and money in favor of a new sustainable development economy, and holds Z-Day each Mar.
On Feb. 1, 2008 Am. writer Katie Davis pub. Awake Joy: the Essence of Enlightenment.
In Mar. 2008 Am. Kashmir Yoga adept Billy Doyle pub. The Mirage of Separation, giving the non-dualist view, containing the soundbyte "There comes a time when you have to let go/ all the words/ all the teaching/ and trust the infinite."
On June 23, 2008 a Pew Religious Landscape Survey finds that 92% of Americans believe in God, but 70% said that "many religions can lead to eternal life", and 68% said that "there's more than one true way to interpret the teachings of religion"; 55% believe in guardian angels, and 52% in prophetic dreams.
On Apr. 8, 2008 James Arthur Ray (1957-) pub. the bestseller Harmonic Wealth: The Secret of Attracting the Life You Want, making him a star. Too bad, on Oct. 8, 2009 two die during a sweat lodge ceremony at a Spiritual Warrior retreat in Sedona, Ariz., getting him convicted of negligent homicide - that's the life he wanted to attract?
In 1950 Chicago, Ill.-born Radhanath Swami (1950-) pub. The Journey Home: Autobiography of an American Swami; his journey from a Chicago Jewish boy to Hare Krishna guru in Mumbai, India.
In 2008-2011 Russian mystic quantum physicist Vadim Zeeland pub. Reality Transurfing, combining quantum physics with the idea of parallel worlds and the Law of Attraction.
On Nov. 13, 2008 "Well, look" (his pat response to questions, along with "Let me be clear" and "Make no mistake") announced that he would resign from the Senate on Nov. 16 before the start of a lame duck session, and was inaugurated on Jan. 20, 2009 before a record crowd. He was given the Secret Service codename Renegade. He became the first urban president, first to have Internet access at his desk, have a BlackBerry and use email daily, the 3rd U.S. pres. to win the Nobel Peace Prize, and the 11th U.S. pres. to grow and/or use cannabis after Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Jackson, Taylor, Pierce, Lincoln, and JFK. Richard Tosaw, a lawyer from Modesto, Calif. sold 4K $20 printed cardboard periscopes called Obama-Scopes that "make you two feet taller" and helped improve one's view of the proceedings. Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden Jr. (1942-) (Secret Service codename: Celtic) became the 47th U.S. vice-pres., the first Roman Catholic. Michelle Obama was given the Secret Service codename Renaissance. The first children are Malia Ann Obama (1998-) (Secret Service codename: Radiance) and Natasha "Sasha" Obama (2001-) (Secret Service codname: Rosebud). Second Lady is Jill Tracy Jacobs Biden (1951-) (Secret Service codename: Capri). First Dog is Bo Obama (2008-) (Portuguese Water Dog or Portie). Obama took his oath of office on the same velvet-bound Bible used at his hero Abrahama, er, Abraham Lincoln's first (1861) inaguration before a record 1.9M crowd, who braved 17F weather (no arrests?). The inaugural theme was "A New Birth of Freedom", a phrase taken from Lincoln's Nov. 19, 1863 Gettysburg Address allegedly to celebrate the 200th anniv. of his birth year. Ailing Mass. Dem. Sen. Edward Kennedy experienced a seizure during a lunch for Obama, but recovered. Obama's 2009 Inauguration Speech, written by 27-y.-o. white guy Jon Favreau (1981-) didn't live up to expectations of being full of great JFK-caliber soundbytes, and skips past Martin Luther King Jr. and Abraham Lincoln to George Washington, and flip-flops from promising to walk on water to calling for sacrifice and service from the pop., with the soundbytes: "A man whose father less than 60 years ago might not have been served at a local restaurant can now stand before you to take a most sacred oath. So let us mark this day with remembrance of who we are and how far we have traveled."; "On this day, we come to proclaim an end to the petty grievances and false promises, the recriminations and worn-out dogmas that for far too long have strangled our politics."; "We must pick ourselves up."; "To those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on the wrong side of history, but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist." Harlem, N.Y.-born black poet Elizabeth Alexander (1962-) recited her inaugural poem Praise Song for the Day, becoming the 4th poet to read at a U.S. pres. inauguration (Robert Frost in 1961, Maya Angelou in 1993, Miller Williams in 1997). Obama wasted no time in becoming the first U.S. pres. to address "the Muslim World", uttering the soundbyte that the U.S. is "a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus and non-believers." As he assumes office, 79% of Americans incl. 59% of those who voted for John McCain were optimistic about his admin. The Dow Jones plunged 4%, becoming the worst inauguration day slide (until ?). Obama inherited a $1.3T deficit from the Bush admin., and by Mar. he increased the 2009 deficit to $1.8T, while his own spending programs will more than double the nat. debt from $8T to $17.3T ($15.4T?) by 2019, equal to 82.4% of the GNP, although he did promise to halve the 2009 deficit by 2014. Obama's look, funny ears, and intellectual style caused him to be compared to Star Trek's Spock, while according to a Denver U. prof. his political philosophy is a combo of Abe Lincoln and John Dewey. Too bad, a growing groundswell of anti-govt. hostility began by Americans who feared that Obama was plotting to take the U.S. Socialist, Fascist, or Islamic, or foist a OWG on the U.S. complete with concentration camps, causing a fervor of frantic Internet postings by extremists incl. Tex. radio show host Alexander Emerich "Alex" Jones (1974-), leading to Tea Parties in the spring, town hall meeting disruptions in the summer, the Birther Movement, which questions the validity of his birth in U.S. territory, fears that the swine flu virus was manufactured, and fears that he is handing the U.S. over to Muslim Sharia. In the evening Obama hosted the first-ever pres. ball open to the residents of mainly-black Washington, D.C., sweetly dancing with his wife to music by Beyonce (1981-), who sung the 1960 Etta James hit At Last. After chief justice John Roberts flubbed the oath of office, he gave it to Obama again in the White House before nine witnesses. Despite being Muslim-friendly, is Obama a stooge of the Zionist Illuminati? Speaking of stooge of somebody, on Jan. 21, 2009 Pur-res-ident Obama wasted no time and signed Executive Order 13489, sealing his personal records, incl. his birth, adoption and repatriation records, school records incl. financial aid, grades and theses, law client list, Bar Assoc. record, even passport and medical records, so maybe he wants to be the world's #1 mystery man while in office and has the power to do it. Too bad, we need to answer the real question, which is, does he need to be the world's #1 mystery man, and why. On May 10, 2012 Pres. Obama flip-flops and comes out in support of same-sex marriage, very gay of him, hard to imagine a closet Muslim now except the gay kind of closet. Could it be that he's really the New Age Movement's man? If so, we shouldn't be surprised. Some claim to have captured video of a Reptilian shape-shifting Secret Service Agent.
On Nov. 1, 2009 Am. neuropsychologists Rick Hanson and J. Richard Mendius pub. Buddha's Brain: The Practical Neuroscience of Happiness, Love, and Wisdom.
On Dec. 10, 2009 a Pew Forum on Religion and Life Poll finds that elements of Eastern faiths and New Age thinking have been adopted by 65% of U.S. adults, with many Protestants and Catholics getting into syncretism.
In 2010 the documentary DMT: The Spirit Molecule debuts, featuring scientists incl. Rick Strassman (1952-) (who first started investigating in the 1990s) and Steven Barker talking about the psychedelic compound Dimethyltriptamine ("the Spirit/Reality Molecule"), found in Ayahuasca and manufactured by the pineal gland, making them suspect it as the seat of the soul.
In 2010 "American monk" Burt Goldman (1927-) begins marketing his Quantum Jumping course, it's like a radio that only tunes in one frequency at a time even though they're really all coming in, I just realized I don't need to pay for the course I can just quantum jump to it.
On Mar. 9, 2011 the Ninth (Unity) Wave begins, ending on Oct. 28, 2011 with the achievement of Unity Consciousness, according to Swedish Mayanist Carl Johan Calleman (1950-).
On Apr. 18, 2011 David Allen Friedman (1950-) pub. The Thought Exchange: Overcoming Our Resistance To Living A Sensational Life, which claims that positive thinking techniques and the Law of Attraction can't work unless the person becomes aware of their physical sensations and is willing to experience them; filmed in 2012.
On Oct. 16, 2011 the daytime TV talk show Super Soul Sunday, hosted by Oprah Winfrey debuts on the Oprah Winfrey Network (until ?).
In 2011 Procter and Gamble heir Foster Gamble releases the documentary Thrive, about energy independence (free energy). In 2012 he releases The Reality of Truth, in which Deepak Chopra and Mike "Zappy" Zapolin examine perception and reality.
In 2011 San Jose, Calif.-born physicist Michio Kaku (1947-) pub. Why Quantum Physics Ends the Free Will Debate.
In 2011 Anthony F. Sanchez pub. UFO Highway, about the true history of Mankind, the Greys, Annunaki, Illuminati et al.
On Maya, er, May 11, 2012 a missing piece of the Mayan Calendar is announced, proving that the Mayans didn't believe that 2012 would be da end of da world after all.
On Oct. 23, 2012 Charlotte, N.C.-born neurosurgeon Eben Alexander III (1953-) pub. Proof of Heaven: A Neurosurgeon's Journey into the Afterlife, about his 2008 coma causing a near-death experience which he claims proves the existence of an afterlife complete with angels, clouds, departed relatives, butterflies, and beautiful babes in peasant dress.
On Dec. 12, 2012 Christ returned, according to Internet prophet Steve Fletcher.
On Dec. 21, 2012 (12/21/12) the 2012 Phenomenon occurs based on the end date of a 5,125-year cycle in the Mesoamerican Long Count Calendar marking a Great Cycle of 13 baktuns of 144K days completed since Creation, with some New Agers incl. John Major Jenkins (1964-) claiming that it marks the true start of the Age of Aquarius; they are off by 50-100 years?
On Dec. 21, 2012 Moorpheus El pub. The Secret of Secrets (Lifting of The Veil), claiming that the Universe is a vast quantum computer; "Imagine for a moment that you are physically connected to planets in the universe; saturn, mars, jupiter, venus, and earth; then, that they are in fact hardware, simply waiting for your command... This is the How! How to program reality the same way you would a computer; the hidden technology to change your fate; the One Secret behind all the Law of Attraction books, that is never revealed."
On Mar. 14, 2013 after announcing its discovery last July physicists at CERN announce confirmation of the discovery of the Higgs Boson AKA the God Particle, first predicted in 1964, which explains what gives electrons and matter size and shape; this is actually the greatest intention experiment ever conducted, where thousands of scientists find what they want to find by skewing the data?
On Mar. 27, 2013 researchers at the U. of Liege in France announce that Near-Death Experiences (NDEs) are produced by physiological mechanisms that lead to a more vivid perception of real and imagined events.
On May 12, 2014 a Satanic Black Mass scheduled for the evening at the cultural studies club of Harvard U. is cancelled after an uproar.
In Mar. 2013 Los Angeles, Calif.-born singer Kesha (Ke$ha) Rose Siebert (1987-) unreleases the song Dancing with the Devil, which causes many to claim that she's an open Satanist.
On Apr. 7, 2013 T.L. Winslow (TLW) announces that the human mind is a quantum entanglement device.
On Apr. 10, 2013 Tor Wager et al. pub. a paper in the New England Journal of Medicine claiming that they can pinpoint what pain looks like in the brain using MRI brain scans.
On Apr. 18-23, 2013 the 2nd Internat. Psychedelicscience 2013 Conference is held in Oakland, Calif.
On Apr. 22, 2013 the documentary Sirius debuts, claiming that UFOs are real.
On July 9, 2013 Jimo Borjigin et al. of the U. of Mich. pub. an article in the Proceedings of the Nat. Academy of Sciences reporting a "transient surge of synchronous gamma oscillations" for 30 sec. in the brains of rats after cardiac arrest.
In Mar. 2015 CERN's Large Hadron Collider attempts to recreate the Big Bang, causing Stephen Hawking and Neil de Grasse to warn that this could destroy the Universe, while New Agers warn that it's really an attempt to open the Gates of Hell to permit the spirit of the Antichrist through.
In Jan. 2016 Ayahuasca Healings opens the first legal Ayahuasca retreat in the U.S. 90 mi. N of Seattle-Tacoma Airport.
Who is right, the Armageddon-expecting Bible-thumpers, or the New Agers? Time will tell. So in closing I'll give the Bible the last word: "They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the Earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea." (Isaiah 11:9)
Interesting New Age Links