TLW's Scientologyscope™ (Scientology Historyscope)
By T.L. Winslow (TLW), the Historyscoper™
© Copyright by T.L. Winslow. All Rights Reserved.
Original Pub. Date: Sept. 20, 2017. Last Update: Dec. 15, 2017.
Westerners are not only known as history ignoramuses, but double dumbass history ignoramuses when it comes to the history of Scientology. Since I'm the one-and-only Historyscoper (tm), let me quickly bring you up to speed before you dive into my Master Historyscope.
In 2007 the Church of Scientology claimed 3.5M members in the U.S. alone, but in 2001 the City Univ. of New York estimated only 55K; in 2008 the Am. Religious Identification Survey finds that it has shrunk to 25K. The outfit is unusual in that some members such as John Travolta and Tom Cruise reach spectacular levels of success, while a constant stream of veteran members keep quitting and bitterly denouncing it as a sick twisted mind-control money-making racket; either way, the church never admits to doing anything wrong. :) Could it be that the more one sells one's soul to the Devil, you know what? :) It started out as a simple method to clear your subconscious of junk, but didn't stop there, evolving into a totalitarian mind control cult that fills your mind with junk while looting your bank account? :) You have to be nuts to get trapped into this organization, and if you aren't they'll make you nuts to fit in? :)
Despite the Church of Scientology's claim to be purely based on scientific principles, the life of founder L. Ron Hubbard is deeply entwined with the occult, black magic, and Satanism, the bad side of the New Age Movement. Cutting to the chase, in 2004 according to English writer Nevill Drury (1947-2013) in "The New Age: Searching for the Spiritual Self", the "four key precursors of the New Age" are Christian mystic Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772), Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) (proponent of "animal magnetism"), Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-91) (co-founder of the Theosophical Society), and George Gurdjieff (1866-1949) (founder of the Fourth Way, known for the soundbyte "Man lives life in sleep, and in sleep he dies"). He later adds Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), adherent of Vedanta Hinduism, a disciple of Ramakrishna Paramhamsa (Gadadhar Chattopadhyay) (1836-86). Funny he didn't mention L. Ron Hubbard :)
In 1771 Swabian-born Jesuit U. of Vienna prof. Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer (1734-1815) uses magnetic plates to cure diseases; in 1774 he invents animal magnetism (mesmerism) as the cure-all, hypnosis for your health, which develops a large following in about 1780-1850, with some influence until 1900. In 1834 Scottish physician ("Father of Modern Hypnotism") James Braid (1795-1860) coins the term "hypnosis" for animal magnetism or mesmerism.
On May 1, 1776 Jesuit-trained anti-Jesuit former Bavarian canon law prof. Johann Adam Weishaupt (1748-1830) of the U. of Ingolstadt (who got his job in 1773 after the Jesuits were suppressed by Pope Clement XIV) founds the secret Order of the Illuminati ("the Very Perfectibles") in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, with five members, allegedly secretly backed by German Jewish big brain internat. banker Mayer Amschel de Rothschild (1744-1812), with the alleged aim of the destruction of Christendom and the Christian order of Europe by dividing and conquering and playing one nation off against the other via internat. bank financing et al., with the ultimate goal of the establishment of a New World Order (NWO), and which is behind the Am. Rev., French Rev., European revs. of the 19th cent., U.S. Civil War, Russian Rev., League of Nations, and United Nations (9/11?); deciding to work inside the Freemasons, the membership is up to 54 in 1779, branching through Europe and attracting Goethe, Schiller, Herder, and Mozart; after it is suppressed on June 22, 1784, its few thousand members are exterminated from C Europe, but either it goes totally underground and keeps growing, or it generates one heck of a myth?; the Columbian Faction of the Illuminati is strong in North Am.?
In 1841 Bethel, Conn.-born Phineas Taylor "P.T." Barnum (1810-91) buys Scudder's Am. Museum at the corner of Broadway and Ann St. in New York City, renaming it after himself and starting out as a freakshow, going on to offer strange and unusual attractions, peaking at 15K visitors/day until it burns down in 1865 after servicing 38M paying customers at 25 cents each in a country with a total pop. of 32M; Barnum allegedly coins the slogan "There's a sucker born every minute." Does L. Ron Humbug, er, Hubbard secretly adopt this slogan? :)
In 1855 Paris-born occultist Eliphas Levi (Alphonse Louis Constant) (1810-75) pub. "Dogme de la Haute Magie", followed in 1856 by "Ritual de la Haute Magie", which are pub. together in 1896, and Arthur Edward Waite of England trans. in 1910 as Transcendental Magic: Its Doctrine and Ritual, expounding a magic system using Tarot cards that becomes popular with the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and Aleister Crowley; contains a famous drawing of Baphomet, with naked human breasts; the intro. to the 2nd ed. contains the famous soundbyte: "Behind the veil of all the hieratic and mystical allegories of ancient doctrines, behind the darkness and strange ordeals of all initiations, under the seal of all sacred writings, in the ruins of Nineveh or Thebes, on the crumbling stones of old temples and on the blackened visage of the Assyrian or Egyptian sphinx, in the monstrous or marvelous paintings which interpret to the faithful of India the inspired pages of the Vedas, in the cryptic emblems of our old books on alchemy, in the ceremonies practised at reception by all secret societies, there are found indications of a doctrine which is everywhere the same and everywhere carefully concealed."
In 1857-68 The Spiritist Codification (Pentateuch) (AKA The Five Fundamental Works of Spiritism) is pub. by Lyon-born French science teacher Allan Kardec (Hippolyte Leon Denizard Rivail) (1804-69), founding Spiritism.
On May 5, 1868 after graduating from Harvard and becoming a pastor at the First Unitarian Church in Brewster, Mass. on Dec. 8, 1864, then getting accused of sexually molesting boys and skipping town in 1866 for New York City, Chelsea, Mass.-born Horatio Alger Jr. (1832-99) pub. his first novel and first dime novel Ragged Dick; or, Street Life in New York with the Boot Blacks, introducing the Horatio Alger Rags to Riches Plot, in which a young vagabond works hard and rises from poverty after a wealthy older gent recognizes his worth for saving his son from drowning and gives Richard Hunter a well-paid clerk job; a hit, promoting the American Dream, causing him to write 134 rehashes of the same theme; too bad, it never happens to him personally, and he never gets wealthy? Maybe L. Ron Hubbard learns a lesson from this?
In Nov. 1875 Russian-born Madame Helena Petrovna Blavatsky (1831-91), Irish-born William Quan Judge (1851-96) and Orange, N.J.-born Henry Steel Olcott (1832-1907) (first well-known person of Euro ancestry to convert to Buddhism) found the Theosophical Society in New York City for the "study and elucidation of Occultism, the Cabala etc.", founding a branch in Bombay, India in 1879, and another in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) in 1880; Blavatsky begins wowing audiences with demonstrations of psychic phenomena, until the Society for Psychical Research exposes her as a fraud in 1884?; Blavatsky popularizes Past Life Regression; Olcott's disciple Anagarika ("homeless one") Dharmapala ("protector of the dharma") (1864-1933) goes on to revive Buddhism in Sri Lanka and India, and combine it with nationalism. In 1877 Blavatsky pub. Isis Unveiled: A Master-Key to the Mysteries of Ancient and Modern Science and Theology, claiming to receive her revelations from the Mahatmas or Masters of the Hidden Brotherhood, knocking Science and organized religion, calling the Devil a myth, and comparing Christianity unfavorably with Buddhism. In 1889 she pub. The Voice of the Silence (The Book of the Golden Precepts); "The Mind is the great Slayer of the Real. Let the Disciple slay the Slayer." Too bad, Blavatsky also promotes the existence of the lost continent of Lemuria, home of the 7'-tall hermaphroditic egg-laying spiritually-advanced Third Root Race, which was superseded by the Fourth Root Race of Atlantis. For this view she drew upon the work of pioneering Jersey-born Mayanist photographer Augustus le Plongeon (1825-1908), who studied ancient Mayan ruins and erroneously claimed they are ancestral to Ancient Egypt.
In 1887 the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn is founded in England by three former Rosicrucians and Freemasons, attracting many scholarly eccentric celebs to its ranks incl. poets W.B. Yeats and Dion Fortune, writers Arthur Machen and Algernon Blackwood, and actress Florence Farr; black magic adept Aleister Crowley also joins, until he is expelled for being too serious, the rest preferring their magic white - if not their meat? In 1900 there is a scandal, causing the order to split into the Rosicrucian Order of Alpha et Omega (A.O.) and the Hermetic Society of the Morgenrothe, which schisms into the Stella Matutina (Morning Star), the Fellowship of the Rosy Cross, founded by Arthur Edward Waite (1874-1942) (creator of the Rider-Waite Tarot Deck), and the Society (Fraternity) of the Inner Light, which in 1965 spawns the Servants of the Light. In 1904 Waite's foe, Warwickshire, England-born bi drug addict Aleister (Edward Alexander) Crowley (1875-1947) (pr. CROW-lee), whose parents were Plymouth Brethren, who was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge U., who went mystic in 1896, and gay on Jan. 1, 1897, claiming to be the reincarnation of Eliphas Levi (1810-75), who died 6 mo. before he was born is allegedly contacted by his guardian angel Aiwass in Egypt, who gives him The Book of the Law, from which he develops his libertinist philosophy of Thelema, with the motto "Do What Thou Wilt", practicing black magic and becoming known as "the wickedest man in the world".
In 1895 Austrian physician Josef Breuer (1842-1925) and Freiberg, Moravia-born Austrian Jewish neurologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) pub. Studies on Hysteria, case studies of hysterical patient Anna O. (Bertha Pappenheim) (1859-1936), developing the Talking Cure. In 1896 Freud coins the term "psychoanalysis", splitting with Breuer over Freud's obsession with sex. On Nov. 4, 1899 Freud pub. The Interpretation of Dreams (Die Traumdeutung), claiming that he's discovered hidden layers of primitive sexual and aggressive forces that must be controlled to prevent societies from collapsing into chaos and destruction, founding Psychoanalysis, which focuses on the all-powerful Oedipus (Oedipal) Complex, which he claims Shakespeare's Hamlet suffers from; he gets a whopping $200 for it - not enough porno in it to pay more? In 1901 Freud pub. The Psychopathology of Everyday Life; "When a member of my family complains that he or she has bitten his tongue... instead of the expected sympathy I put the question, 'Why did you do that?'" In 1908 he pub. the paper On the Sexual Theories of Children, introducing the concept of Penis Envy. In 1908 he also pub. the paper 'Civilized' Sexual Morality and Modern Nervous Illness. In 1913 he pub. Totem and Taboo: Resemblences Between the Mental Lives of Savages and Neurotics. In 1914 he pub. On Narcissism: An Introduction. In 1917 he pub. Introduction to Psychoanalysis, and Mourning and Melancholia. In 1921 he pub. Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego, containing the soundbyte: "Libido is an expression taken from the theory of the emotions", claiming that all neuroses are caused by emotion, and are unpleasurable, hence the cure is to analyze, work through, and uproot all emotions "like the draining of the Zuyder Zee", with the psychoanalyst helping make the unconscious conscious by providing the patient with cognitive insight, subduing the drive of the irrational Id to emerge. In 1923 he pub. The Ego and the Id (Das Ich und das Es). In 1937 he pub. Analysis Terminable and Interminable; "Experience has taught us that psycho-analytic therapy - the liberation of a human being from his neurotic symptoms, inhibitions and abnormalities of characters - is a lengthy business"; "Analysis... seems to be the third of those 'impossible professions'... The other two... are the bringing up of children and the government of nations." In 1956-74 the English Standard Ed. of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud is pub. in 24 vols. Freud calls Bremen, Germany-born Karl Abraham (1877-1925) his "best pupil"; too bad the good die young?
In the 1920s after growing up in Helena, Mont., Tilden, Neb.-born Scientology founder Lafayette Ronald (L. Ron) Hubbard (1911-86) AKA LHR spends his teens traveling in the South Pacific and Asia with his naval officer daddy Harry Ross Hubbard, who was posted to the U.S. Navy base in Guam, then learns about Freudian psychology in 1923 from U.S. Navy pshrink Cmdr. Joseph Cheesman "Snake" Thompson (1874-1943) and earns the rank of Eagle Scout in 1924 at age 13 before moving to Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Wash. and attending Queen Anne H.S. in Seattle; in 1927-9 he travels to Japan, China, the Philippines, and Guam, exploring Eastern philosophy and writing the soundbyte about Chinese in his diary: "They smell of all the baths they didn't take. The trouble with China is, there are too many chinks here" before returning to Washington, D.C.; in Sept. 1930 he enters George Washington U. in Washington, D.C., studying engineering, discovering that he hates math and getting poor grades and dropping out two years later in favor of a pulp fiction (penny a word) writing career, pub. his first short story in Feb. 1934, followed by 140 more by 1940 under the aliases Winchester Remington Colt, Kurt von Rachen, Rene Lafayette, Joe Blitz, and Legionnaire 148.
In 1933 Alfred Korzybski (1879-1950) pub. Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelean Systems and General Semantics, which describes his new field of General Semantics (Humanology) (Human Engineering), with the motto "The map is not the territory", a dog biscuit tastes yummy if you're told it's baked by grandma, which rejects the black-or-white isolated-object approach and accepts the interdependence and fluidity of Nature, accepting abstractions only as simplifications of what is going on, replacing 2-valued logic with infinite-valued non-elementalistic logic; used by L. Ron Hubbard in his "Dianetics"; in 1938 Korzybski founds the Inst. for General Semantics in Chicago, Ill., which in 1946 moves to Lakeville, Conn.
On July 30, 1937 L. Ron Hubbard (1911-86) pub. Buckskin Brigades, his first hardback book and first novel, based on his alleged childhood experience with Blackfoot medicine man Old Tom, who he claims made him a blood brother of the tribe.
In 1937 Pound, Va.-born Napoleon Hill (1883-1970) pub. the self-help bestseller (70M copies) Think and Grow Rich, about how Andrew Carnegie bankrolled him to interview self-made millionaires to learn their secrets, boiling them down to 13 Steps in his Philosophy of Personal Achievement and Science of Success, incl. 1. Desire 2. Faith 3. Autosuggestion 4. Specialized Knowledge 5. Imagination 6. Organized Planning 7. Decision 8. Persistence 9. Power of the Master Mind 10. The Mystery of Sex Transmutation (Sublimation) 11. The Subconscious Mind 12. The Brain 13. The Sixth Sense; "What the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve"; sells 20M copies by his death in 1970, becoming a favorite with all types of salesmen incl. Amway. L. Ron Hubbard sees where the real bucks are in the publishing market?In Apr. 1938 after undergoing a dental operation and reacting to the nitrous oxide gas, claiming to rise out of his body and observe the operation while sitting on the operating table lights, causing him to launch into a study of Franz Friedrich Anton Mesmer (1734-1815), Josef Breuer (1842-1925), and Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), L. Ron Hubbard composes Excalibur (The One Command) (The Original Thesis), which contains the basic ideas of Dianetics, claiming that "All life is directed by one command and one command only - SURVIVE!"; he later changes his story, claiming that his near-death experience happened on an operating table "during the war", and that his body was drawn to a "great ornate gate", and "on the other side of this gate spread out like an intellectual smorgasbord as the SUM TOTAL OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE!"; in 1957 he advertises a "very limited edition" of Excalibur at $1,500 per copy, with the ad claiming that "four of the first fifteen people who read it went insane", and that the work contains "data not to be released during Mr. Hubbard's stay on earth"; in 1962 he writes a letter addressed to Pres. Kennedy in which he claimed Soviet agents had stolen a manuscript copy of Excalibur in 1950; in 1964 Hubbard gives an interview claiming that Soviet agents had "offered him $100,000 and laboratory facilities he needed in the USSR, so that he could complete his work"; in an intro. pub. in 1991, Hubbard writes about his near-death experience, claiming that under the influence of the gas, "My heart must have stopped beating", describing his experience as "slipping through the Curtain and into the land of shades."
On Sept. 1, 1939 - Sept. 2, 1945 the horrific $3.5T World War II resulted in 24M military and 49M civilian deaths, and featured the low point of the Jewish Holocaust (Shoah) by the German Nazis, I guess it was the Jews' fault for not ransoming themselves to go to Israel before they could round them up for the camps. The whole experience turned Jews from lovers into fighters, ramping up the Zionist movement with full world sympathy and support by new world superpower U.S., which had its own guilt trip because on Nov. 24, 1942 Budapest-born Am. Zionist leader Rabbi Stephen Samuel Wise (1874-1949) announced in a press conference in Washington, D.C. that he was authorized by the U.S. State Dept. to confirm that the Nazis had murdered 2M Jews as part of a plan to exterminate all Jews in Europe; too bad, the nat. newspapers didn't consider it front page news, and the U.S. govt. did nada. After the war ended and Americans toured the concentration camps in horror, Polish-born Jewish scholar Raphael Lemkin (1900-59), who single-handedly led an unsuccessful campaign to get the League of Nations to give internat. protections against genocide starting in 1933 finally got what he wanted after his own people got it, namely the Dec. 9, 1948 U.N. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Gen. Assembly Resolution 260), which didn't come in force until Jan. 12, 1951, and which the U.S. still didn't ratify until 1988.
During WWII L. Ron Humbug, er, Hubbard serves in the USMC Reserve then the U.S. Navy as an officer, commanding USS YP-422 and USS PC-815 for short periods before being removed for being incapable of command, riding out the war in a hospital being treated for a duodenal ulcer, then moving to Calif., where his wife refuses to join him, after which he gets into the occult.
In Jan.-Mar. 1946 after future Scientology founder Lafayette Ronald (L. Ron) Hubbard (1911-86) (AKA LHR) moved in Aug. into the Pasadena, Calif. mansion of Los Angeles, Calif.-born chemist John "Jack" (Marvel) Whiteside Parsons (1914-52), cofounder of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and fellow disciple of the Thelema of English black magic practitioner ("the wickedest man in the world") Aleister (Edward Alexander) Crowley (1875-1947), (who runs Ordo Templi Orientis (O.D.O.), which has a branch in Pasadena), and Parsons began masturbating onto magic tablets in the desert in Dec. to bring about the incarnation of Thelemite goddess Babalon onto Earth, Parsons unsuccessfully attempts to father a Moonchild with his new wife, Belle Plaine, Iowa-born redhead Marjorie Cameron (1922-95) while performing the Babalon Working rituals along with Hubbard in an attempt to manifest the archetypal divine femine called Babalon; the Parsons mansion is next door to the estate of beer king Adolphus Busch; in 1945 Hubbard meets Pasadena, Calif.-born Crowley follower and ex-lover of Parsons Sara Elizabeth Bruce Northrup Hollister (1924-97) (sister of Jack's wife Helen Hollister), whom Crowley calls a "vampire" for her disruptiveness, eloping in 1946 while he is still married to first wife Margaret Grubb, after which they latch onto a substantial amount of Parsons' life savings, causing him to go into a tailspin, declaring himself the Antichrist in 1949 and dying in a home lab explosion on June 17, 1952 after being investigated by the FBI for espionage for consulting for the Israeli rocket program and losing his defense contracts, causing allegations of a govt. hit; Sara goes on to help her hubby develop Dianetics, becoming his personal auditor until he turns on her and begins harassing her, causing her to leave him for his employee Miles Hollister in 1951 and move to Hawaii; on Dec. 1, 1947 Aleister Crowley (b. 1875) dies in Hastings, East Sussex, England, deeply affecting L. Ron Hubbard, who decides to "take over the mantle of the Beast", according to his son Lafayette Ronald Hubbard Jr. AKA Ronald DeWolf (1934-91), who adds: "My father did not worship Satan. He thought he was Satan."
On Nov. 7, 1948 Tilden-Neb.-born sci-fi writer Lafayette Ronald "L. Ron" Hubbard (1911-86) utters the soundbyte at a meeting of the Eastern Science Fiction Assoc.: "You don't get rich writing science fiction. If you want to get rich, you start a religion."
No doubt about it, the Americans have the kookiest cults, or, The first thing you know, old Ron's a millionaire? On May 9, 1950 Tilden, Neb.-born anti-gay anti-Communist science fiction writer Lafayette Ronald "L. Ron" Hubbard (1911-86) (AKA LHR) of Bay Head, N.J. pub. Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, from Greek "dia" + "nous" = through + mind, becoming the founding holy book of the Church of Scientology (founded in Camden, N.J. in Dec. 1953); it talks about "engrams", which are memories stored during periods of unconsciousness (post-natal or pre-natal), not accessible afterward by the consciousness, but which can bite back by giving primal commands that "aberrate" (depart from rational thought or behavior) and are "the very stuff of which insanity is made"; by the Dianetic (Greek for through-soul) process of "auditing" one individual can "clear" another of his engrams, raising his IQ and making him rational and responsible; after free plugs by Astounding Science Fiction ed. (since 1937) John Wood Campbell Jr. (1910-71), it stays on the New York Times bestseller list for 26 weeks without paid ads, sparking "the fastest growing movement in the U.S." (Los Angeles Daily News); it is pub. in Manhattan, N.Y. from a bldg. that in 1955 becomes the Church of Scientology of New York, which in 1980 moves next to Times Square; "The creation of Dianetics is a milestone for Man comparable to his discovery of fire and superior to his inventions of the wheel and the arch" (first line); "Dianetics is not in any way covered by legislation anywhere, for no law can prevent one man sitting down and telling another man his troubles, and if anyone wants a monopoly on dianetics, be assured that he wants it for reasons which have to do not with dianetics but with profit"; "A large proportion of allegedly feeble-minded children are actually attempted abortion cases... However many billions America spends yearly on institutions for the insane and jails for the criminals are spent primarily because of attempted abortions done by some sex-blocked mother to whom children are a curse, not a blessing of God... All these things are scientific facts, tested and rechecked and tested again"; "There is no national problem in the world today, which cannot be resolved by reason alone"; "The sexual pervert (and by this term Dianetics, to be brief, includes any and all forms of deviation in Dynamic II [i.e. sexuality] such as homosexuality, lesbianism, sexual sadism, etc., and all down the catalog of Ellis and Krafft-Ebing) is actually quite ill physically... he is very far from culpable for his condition, but he is also far from normal and extremely dangerous to society"; Hubbard forms the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation in Elizabeth, N.J., founds six Dianetics centers nationwide, and in Aug. speaks to 6K at the Shrine Auditorium in L.A., going on the radio in Dec. on 126 stations, presenting Sonya Bianca as "the world's first Clear", who turns out to be a dud who couldn't even remember the color of his tie; in 1951 he advises silence in the delivery room (since engrams can be accidentally created) and the laying of the newborn on the mother's abdomen before cutting the chord; Scientology cult members are eventually taught the pseudo-psychological concepts of Thought insertion, incl. implants, "intentional installation of fixed ideas, contra-survival to the thetan"; he also incl. Space opera, incl. the civilization of Helatrobus, "a little pipsqueak government" that existed "between about 319 trillion years ago to about 256 trillion years ago", which left the Heaven implant 43 trillion years ago; he also teaches about the civilization of Xenu, the dictator of the Galactic Confederacy 75M years ago, who brought billions of his people to Teegeeack (Earth) in spaceships resembling Douglas DC-8 airliners, stacked them around volcanoes, then killed them using H-bombs, their essences (thetans) sticking to the bodies of the living and haunting modern people as body thetans (BT), which are trapped in MEST (matter, energy, space, and time) until the Scientologist rids the thetan of engrams and attains a state of Clear, then goes on to advance through the Bridge to Total Freedom to an Operating Thetan (OT) who can experience the self outside the body via exteriorization, and control both the self and the environment; "We have calculated that on average, each person on planet earth has 2,209 of these Body Thetans (BT's for short), Hubbard's term for the alien spirits, attached to you causing you to be constrained by Xenu's false reality. The average cost for Scientology to OT 8 is a mere USD 360,000, meaning that each BT only costs USD 163 to clear. Now that is a bargain if there ever was one" - just wait till they quote their prices?
In 1951 Am. chiropractor Volney G. Mathison (1897-1965) AKA Dex Volney files for a patent for the E-meter (Electropsychometer) (electronic lie detector), which measures Electrodermal Activity (EDA), receiving U.S. Patent #2,684,670 on July 27, 1954; L. Ron Hubbard adopts them for use in Dianetics and Scientology in 1951, drops them in late 1954, and resumes in May 1955 after a transistorized model comes out, adopting the Hubbard Mark II in 1960, followed by the Hubbard Mark III, Hubbard Mark IV, and $900 Hubbard Mark V, which is patented on Dec. 6, 1966 as the "Hubbard Electropsychometer"; on Jan. 4, 1963 100+ U.S. marshals raid the Founding Church of Scientology in Washington, D.C. and confiscate several hundred E-meters, after which the FDA accuses the church of making false medical claims, causing it to fight back in court, losing in a jury trial on Apr. 3, 1967, then winning in 1969 in the U.S. Court of Appeals, which accepts Scientology as a religion, declaring E-meters useful in "bona fide religious counseling" as long as they carry a disclaimer, as follows: "The Hubbard electrometer is a reigious artifact. By itself, this meter does nothing. It is for religious use by students and Ministers of the church in Confessionals and pastoral counseling only"; later the $4.6K Mark VII Super Quantum E-meter comes out, followed by the Mark VIII Ultra E-meter.
In 1951 L. Ron Hubbard pub. Science of Survival: Simplified, Faster Dianetic Techniques (later subtitled "Prediction of Human Behavior"), a commentary to Alfred Korzybski's "Science and Sanity" and sequel to "Dianetics", endorsing the concept of past lives, and introducing theta and the emotional tone scale (-40 to +40), with the soundbyte: "In any event, any person from 2.0 down on the Tone Scale should not have, in any thinking society, any civil rights of any kind, because by abusing those rights he brings into being arduous and strenuous laws which are oppressive to those who need no such restraints."
In July 1952 L. Ron Hubbard pub. Scientology: A History of Man (originally "What to Audit: A List and Description of the Principal Incidents to Be Found in a Human Being") via his Scientific Press in Phoenix, Ariz., "a coldblooded and factual account of your last sixty trillion years", describing incidents that occurred to the thetan (genetic entity) in past lives and cause engrams (neuroses) that have to be "run out" using an E-meter, incl. "The Atom"; "The Cosmic Impact"; "The Photo Converter"; "The Helper"; "The Clam", "a deadly incident" involving a "scalloped-lip, white-shelled creature" suffering from a "double-hinge problem. One hinge wishes to stay open, the other tries to close, thus conflict occurs", after which the Clam's hinges "later become the hinges of the human jaw", while the Clam's method of reproduction via spores causes toothaches, containing the famous soundbyte: "Should you desire to confirm this, describe to some uninitiated person the death of a clam without saying what you are describing. 'Can you imagine a clam sitting on the beach, opening and closing its shell very rapidly?' (Make a motion with your thumb and forefinger of a rapid opening and closing). The victim may grip his jaws with his hand and feel quite upset. He may even have to have a few teeth pulled: At the very least he will argue as to whether or not the shell stays open at the end or closed. And he will, with no hint of the death aspect of it, talk about the 'poor clam' and he will feel quite sad emotionally"; The Weeper/Boohoo; The Volcanoes; Being Eaten; The Birds; The Sloth; The Ape; The Piltdown Man; The Caveman; The Halver (sex vs. religious compulsion); Facsimile One (closing down the Pineal gland, Hinduism's third eye); the book bcomes required reading for the OT level; the cover features an eye-catching drawing of a hairy caveman eating off an animal's thigh bone.
In Nov. 1952 L. Ron Hubbard pub. Scientology 8-80: The Discovery and Increase of Life Energy in the Genus Homo Sapiens, describing the basic laws which the thetan can use to create energy and influence his environment and handle stuck (uncontrolled) energy; "Herein lies the substance of the legendary discoveries of Aesthetics, Beauty and Ugliness, Black and White, Agree and Disagree and, in total, the means by which to rehabilitate a thetan's inherent ability to create energy with sufficient output to overpower and explode the facsimiles that have enslaved him"; in Dec. he follows with Scientology 8-8008, where 8-8008 is a symbol for the reduction of the MEST Universe to zero along with expansion of one's personal universe to infinity.
On May 19, 1954 L. Ron Hubbard incorporates the Hubbard Assoc. of Scientologists Internat. (HASI) in Phoenix, Ariz.; in Feb. 1954 the first Church of Scientology (COS) corp. is founded in Los Angeles, Calif., becoming the Church of Scientology of Calif. in 1956, the same year that the Church of Scientology of Ariz. is founded; in 1966 the assets of the HASI are merged with the COS of Calif.
In 1956 L. Ron Hubbard pub. Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought, which claims that life is a game, and that the basic variable is the degree to which an individual knows that games he is playing and the degree to which he can knowingly come up with new ones.
In 1956 early Scientologist Jack F. Horner (1927-89), the only person other than founder L. Ron Hubbard allowed to run Advanced Clinical Courses (ACCs) pub. Summary of Scientology: A New Understanding of Life; in 1965 he leaves the Church of Scientology because "it went on a very militaristic and fanatic line", and forms a splinter group that he calls Dianology or Eductivism, claiming that the church sent hit men to kill him and erase his training tapes.
On July 4-6, 1958 L. Ron Hubbard gives the Clearing Congress Lectures at the Shoreham Hotel in Washington, D.C., becoming the first of his lectures to be filmed; he claims he has "many Clears", presenting Clear bracelets to 15 attendees.
In Dec. 1958 L. Ron Hubbard pub. Have You Lived Before This Life?, consisting of "forty-one actual case histories" of reincarnation and past-life experiences, gleaned from auditing with an e-meter at the Church of Scientology's Fifth London Advanced Clinical Course held in Oct.-Nov., exploring the questions: "How does a thetan behave when the body dies?", "When and how does a thetan pick up a new body?", and "What causes someone to have a 'famous person' fixation?"
In 1959 L. Ron Hubbard buys the Saint Hill Manor (built by Gibbs Crawfurd in 1792) near East Grinstead, Sussex, England from Sawai Man Singh, Maharajah of Jaipur, residing there with his family until early 1966, when he travels abroad aboard his 65' ketch The Enchanter.
In July 1963 the CIA pub. the secret KUBARK Counterintelligence Interogation Manual for use in Vietnam, teaching "coercive techniques" incl. "threats and fear", "pain" (electric shocks), and "debility" (isolation and sensory deprivation); in 1983 they pub. Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual; adopted by the Church of Scientology for brainwashing of members?
In 1965 L. Ron Hubbard establishes the practice of Disconnection, the systematic shunning of ex-Scientologists; in 1968 Hubbard pub. the Code of Reform (Reform Code of 1968), officially discontinuing Fair Game, Security Checks, and "disconnection as a relief to those suffering from familial suppression", while in reality they continue like always.
In 1966 the Church of Scientology declares South African Scientologist John McMaster (who dropped out of medical school to join in 1962) their first Clear, making him L. Ron Hubbard's first global ambassador; too bad, when Hubbard finds out that he's gay he begins abusing him, and on Nov. 21, 1969 he quits the church after claiming that Hubbard was a hypochondriac and pillhead until 1964, when he turned against medicine, that Hubbard made him the first Pope of Scientology, and that he wanted to make his daughter Diana his successor so that he could be reincarnated as her first child, which didn't work out when her first child was a daughter, Roanne Horwich (1978-), who later quit the church.
In 1966 the Guardian's Office (GO) is established by the Church of Scientology to carry out covert programs and operations against perceived enemies, esp. Suppressive Persons (SPs), distributing Guardian Program Orders (GPgmOs) to church branches for action; it is dismantled in 1983 and its functions moved to the Office of Special Affairs (OSA) (really the same thing?).
In 1966 Narconon Internat. is founded in Hollywood, Calif. by Scientologist William Benitez with help from L. Ron Hubbard, incorporating in 1970, ending up owned by the Assoc. for Better Living and Education (ABLE), which is owned by the Church of Scientology, and is widely accused of being a quack outfit that is little more than a church front.
On Aug. 12, 1967 the Sea Org (Sea Organization) (membership: 6K) is founded by L. Ron Hubbard in Las Palmas, Canary Islands to "salvage the planet" (evade the media and the law?), a totalitarian paramilitary fraternal order of the Church of Scientology that operates its own private naval force, with members signing a billion-year contract, promising to relinquish their membership if they have or even want to raise children; its first four ships are Apollo (flagship), Diana, Athena, and Excalibur; early member Hana Eltringham Whitfield (1941-) rises to deputy commodore in the Sea Org, then quits in Mar. 1982, going on to expose it and deprogram Scientology members; in 1978 Sea Org acquires 700-acre Gold Base in San Jacinto (near Hemet), Riverside County, Calif. 90 mi. from Los Angeles, surrounding it with razor fences and motion sensors, covered by a camouflaged sniper bunker in the hillside above; the complex incl. the mgt. bldg., the Bonnie View mansion where they hope L. Ron Hubbard will be reincarnated, a swimming pool with a mock sailing ship, the church bldg., the Massacre Canyon Inn dining hall incl. the Gold Muster Centre, staff apts. for 1K, and the 70K sq. ft. Golden Era Productions film studio AKA the Castle; big cheese David Miscavige makes it his home, along with other top church officials; The Hole is set up at Gold Base to confine senior secs, sometimes for years; in 1985 they acquire the 440-ft. Freewinds, which docks in Curacao, and is used as a training center for elite students.
In early 1968 L. Ron Hubbard releases OT (Operating Thetan) III: The Wall of Fire, complete with the story of Xenu and body thetans, billed as a "means of erasing those mental factors tht stand in the way of peace and toleration of mankind", with the Church of Scientology charging $8,910 after an OT II is invited to take it and signs a secrecy contract and liability waver, with dangers incl. pneumonia, lack of sleep, or death; "This Solo-audited level goes through what is called the 'Wall of Fire' that surrounds a previously impenetrable whole track mystery. What prevents a being from being himself? This level answers that question. Once complete, a being is free of the whole track overwhelm that has trapped him. Here he confronts and eradicates the fourth dynamic engram that has plagued this universe for millennia."
In 1968 after establishing the Fair Game policy in the 1950s of punishing and harassing anybody deemed a threat to the Church of Scientology by all means fair and foul, L. Ron Hubbard officially cancels the use of the term, but the practice continues.
In 1968 the Commodore's Messenger Org. (CMO) is founded as a subunit of the Sea Org of the Church of Scientology, appointed by L. Ron Hubard as his personal admin. assistants aboard his ship Apollo; the first four messengers are all young girls ages 11-13; in 1973 Michelle Diane "Shelly" Barnett (1961-) joins the CMO; in Apr. 1979 Hubbard creates the Watchdog Committee (WDC), followed in 1981 by the All Clear Unit (ACU) of the CMO, with the purpose of issuing an "All Clear" for Hubbard to emerge from hiding; in 1974 Marc Yager joins the Sea Org., becoming a messenger and assisting Hubbard in video production, rising to commanding officer of the CMO, chmn. of the WDC, and inspector-gen. for admin. in the RTC; Patrick D. "Pat" Broeker and his Anne take care of Hubbard until his death after Hubbard issues an order promoting them to the rank of Loyal Officer; when Hubbard dies in 1986 aboard the Apollo, the head of ACU is David Miscavige, husband (since Dec. 1982) of Shelly Barnett, who soon takes over the RTC and the Church of Scientology after a coup against Broeker and Yager; in 1967 10-y.-o. Sharone Stainforth joins the CMO, later quitting the church and becoming an anti-Scientology spokesperson.
In 1969 after L. Ron Hubbard launched Project Celebrity in 1955 to recruit celebrities into the Church of Scientology, Sea Org. member Yvonne Gillham Jentzsch (nee Yvonne Doreen Harding-Wilson) (1927-78) establishes Celebrity Centre Internat. in Hollywood, Calif. for celeb Scientologists, going on to establish more in Las Vegas, New York City, Nashville, Paris, Vienna, Munich, and Florence; their biggest score is Hollyweird actor Tom Cruise (Thomas Cruise Mapother IV) (1962-) who was recruited by his wife (1987-90) Miriam "Mimi" Rogers (nee Spickler) (1956-); others incl. John Joseph Travolta (1954-), Kirstie Louise Alley (1951-), Elvis Presley's wife Priscilla Ann Presley (nee Wagner) (1945-) and her daughter Lisa Marie Presley (1968-), Anne Archer (1947-), Jenna Mary Elfman (nee Butala) (1971-), and Greta Conway Van Susteren (1954-); the center in Hollywood features the Renaissance restaurant for church members only.
In 1970 the Church of Scientology begins operating in Germany, reaching 4K members by 2016, with the German govt. refusing to recognize it as a religion and viewing it as a business masquerading as a religion; in late 2007 the govt. begins banning Scientology, then flops in 2008, leaving it operating although most Germans favor banning it.
In the 1970s L. Ron Hubbard creates the Volunteer Ministers (VM) program to train and send teams of Scientologists to disaster zones as "the only effective steps to arrest and reverse the deterioration of [the] world", with membership reaching 200K; the Volunteer Ministers Handbook contains the soundbyte: "Man is basically good, but he could not attain expression of this until now. Nobody but the individual could die for his own sins - to arrange things otherwise was to keep man in chains", which is why Scientology classifies Jesus Christ as a "shade above" the level of Clear and below the level of Operating Thetan; "Scientology's upper-level materials tout the concept of Jesus as God as being a fiction that ought to be removed by 'auditing'." (R. Philip Roberts, The Apologetics Study Bible)
On Apr. 8, 1971 the Church of Scientology of Jolla is incorporated in San Diego, Calif., later changing the name to Church of Scientology of San Diego; on May 20, 1985 it is reincorporated in Los Angeles, Calif. under the name Church of Scientology Western United States at 1308 L. Ron Hubbard Way.
In 1971 Paulette Marcia Cooper (1942-), an Am. Belgian orphan who lost her parents in the Auschwitz Concentration Camp and turned journalist pub. The Scandal of Scientology, a besteller (500K copies) exposing the Church of Scientology, which causes it to begin Operation Freakout to have her imprisoned or put in a mental institution, filing 19 lawsuits against her, plus more against bookstores, libraries, etc., followed by Operation Dynamite, using her stationery and fingerprints to send bomb threats to Henry Kissinger et al., which the FBI uncovers in 1977 after raiding their offices; the church finally settles out of court with her in 1985.
On Apr. 28, 1973 the Church of Scientology begins the secret Operation Snow White to find and remove "false" government files about itself and its founder L. Ron Hubbard, becoming known for excesses, infiltrating govt. orgs. in 30+ countries and placing up to 5K covert agents in the U.S. govt., stinking itself up and raising questions about its tax-exempt status as a religion; atty. Norton Stanley Karno (1936-) of Karno, Schwartz & Friedman in Calif. leads the church's legal defense team, after which Hubbard appoints him executor of his will in 1979.
On Jan. 22, 1974 L. Ron Hubbard releases the first of three directives for the Introspection Rundown for his Church of Scientology for persons with psychosis or mental breakdowns, where the person is "looking into one's own mind, feelings, reactions, etc.", consisting of isolation of the person "wholly with all attendants completely muzzled (no speech)", allegedly resulting in the patient "out of his psychosis and up to the responsibility of living with others", "the person extroverted, no longer looking inward worried continuously without end"; a bunch of other Rundowns are later devised, incl. Purification Rundown, South African Rundown, Super Power Rundown (SPR), False Purpose Rundown, and Livingness Repair Rundown.
In 1975 after L. Ron Hubbard arrives and moves in, launching the secret Project Normandy to take over the town, the Church of Scientology purchases the Fort Harrison Hotel (built in 1926 and owned by Oldsmobile inventor Ransom E. Olds) in beautiful downtown Clearwater, Fla. under the front name United Churches of Fla. Inc., using it as Scientology's spiritual center until 1981, and home of the Rehabilitation Project Force (RPF) (founded Jan. 1974), used to punish Sea Org members for "serious deviations" with prison-like conditions and forced labor; men armed with machine guns are seen on the roof?; in Feb. 1980 Scientologist Josephus A. Havenith dies in the hotel in a bathtub filled with scalding hot water, and the coroner rules it a drowning although his head is not submerged; in Aug. 1988 Scientologist Heribert Pfaff dies of a seizure in the hotel after stopping his prescription medication in favor of vitamins; in 1997 Clearwater police receive 160+ emergency calls from the hotel, but are denied entry by Scientology security; in 1965 The Rolling Stones wrote their big hit song "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" at the hotel.
On July 7, 1977 the FBI raids the world HQ of the Church of Scientology in Los Angeles, Calif., and their other one in Clearwater, Fla., and discovers evidence that they were conspiring to infiltrate, burglarize, and bug offices of the IRS and U.S. Dept. of Justice, along with a 19-page plan to sabotage IRS investigations that they called Operation Snow White, becoming the largest infiltration of the U.S. govt. in history, with up to 5K secret agents; 11 Scientologists incl. Mary Sue Hubbard (1931-2002), 3rd wife (1952-86) of founder L. Ron Hubbard (1911-86) are later convicted, after which Hubbard escapes arrest and goes into hiding in the desert for the rest of his life.
In 1980 after leaving the Church of Scientology in 1959, Ronald Edward "Ron" DeWolfe (Lafayette Ronald Hubbard Jr.) (1934-91) AKA Nibs Hubbard, eldest son of L. Ron Hubbard by his first wife Margaret Louise "Polly" Grubb (1907-63) writes his autobio. The Telling of Me, by Me (not pub. until ?), telling how he learned about the occult from his father, containing the soundbytes: "I'm the son of God. I mislead you slightly. I'm the son of the man who creates gods. Again, I mislead you slightly. I’m a son of the man who created and founded Dianetics and Scientology, which creates gods. I’m a son of L. Ron Hubbard. This book is my dying declaration. My last will and testament. My father will order my death. My father does not use the word 'murder.' He prefers to use the word 'suicide'"; "I do not intend to replace L. Ron Hubbard. I do not intend to assume command of the junk pile. I resisted the numerous offers, both internal and external. My gauntlet has been openly thrown. Let him, and him alone, pick it up"; "What the hell is Dianetics and Scientology? It's a religion. A religion of self. It's one man's religion. One man's labyrinth. A trip of L. Ron Hubbard's. A trip he lays on everyone else as 'the trip,' their trip, your trip. A science fiction story he wrote and forced into reality within the heads of others by the will of L. Ron Hubbard. The self-created fantasy of one man brought to deadly reality for others by a simple word: agreement"; "Just when people think they have me or dad brought to the ground in a box, we click into the realm of the great beast. This isn't science fiction, fantasy, or insanity. Ask the thousands of people I've personally known and who have dealt with us personally. We are mindfuckers. Real mindfuckers in the real world"; "People mistake L. Ron Hubbard and his Scientology. They see the apparency, and not the actuality. By design. Scientology does not work as stated; but as intended. As intended by its creator L Ron Hubbard. To keep the Doorway open. To remain in the realm of the Great Beast. To feed the hunger of the Will. His Will. When he emptied the purse of man and the heart of women; it seeks onward and outward. Appetite. Forever appetite. Scientology is the snare. The passion flower. The Cloak of Lights. The glow of power. A power always wanting. Always needing. The Will never satisfied." In a June, 1983 interview in Penthouse mag., he uttered the soundbytes: "Scientology has always had a 'fair-game doctrine' - a policy of doing absolutely anything to stop an investigation or publication of a critical article in a magazine or newspaper. They have run some incredible operations on the several people who have tried to write books about Scientology. It was almost like a terror campaign. First they'd try throwing every possible lawsuit at the reporter or newspaper. We had a team of attorneys to do just that. The goal was to destroy the enemy. So the solution was always to attack, full-bore, with every possible resource, from every angle, instantaneously it can certainly be overwhelming. A guy would get slapped with twenty-seven lawsuits, and our lawyers would start depositioning absolutely anybody who ever knew the man, digging up dirt while at the same time putting together an operation that would get him into further trouble"; "The same reign of terror that occurred under Robespierre and Hitler occurred back then in the fifties, as it occurs now. You must realize that there is very little actual courage in this world. It's pretty easy to bend people around. It doesn't take much to shut people up, it really doesn't. In the fifties all I had to do was call a guy up on the telephone and say, 'Well, I think your wife would like to know about your mistress.' I don't think that anyone should think for you. And that's exactly what cults do. All cults, including Scientology, say, 'I am your mind, I am your brain. I've done all the work for you, I've laid the path open for you. All you have to do is turn your mind off and walk down the path I have created.' Well, I have learned that there's great strength in diversity, that a clamorous discussion or debate is very healthy and should be encouraged. That's why I like our political setup in the United States: simply because you can fight and argue and jump up and down and shout and scream and have all kinds of viewpoints, regardless of how wrongheaded or ridiculous they might be. People here don't have to give up their right to perceive things the way they believe. Scientology and all the other cults are one-dimensional, and we live in a three-dimensional world. Cults are as dangerous as drugs. They commit the highest crime: the rape of the soul." In an affidavit for the U.S. District Court, Ronald DeWolfe uttered the soundbytes: "My father has always held out Scientology and auditing to be based purely on science and not on religious 'belief' or faith. We regularly promised and distributed publications with 'scientific guarantees'. This was and has always been common practice. My father and I created a 'religious front' only for tax purposes and legal protection 'from fraud Claims'. We almost always told nearly everyone that Scientology was really science, not a religion, but that the religious front was created to deal with the government"; "My father has always used the confidential information extracted from people during auditing sessions to intimidate, threaten and coerce them to do what he wanted, which often meant getting them to give him money. My father routinely used false threats and auditing information particularly about crimes people had committed to extort money from them." In 2000 Ronald DeWolf's devout Baptist slam poet grandson Jamie DeWolf (nee Kennedy) (1977-), a crusader against Scientology hosts the first-ever anti-Scientology summit in Clearwater, Fla.; in 2014 he discovers the unpub. ms. of Ronald DeWolfe's autobio., uttering the soundbytes: "Scientology is the most brilliantly engineered pyramid scam I've ever seen. L. Ron Hubbard - you can never say that he was an idiot, by any means. He was very intelligent, very sort of evil, malicious; a sort of overman, his will against the world", and "[Scientology] works through a lot of hodgepodge of ideas thrown together with this extremely brutal sort of security sense and this kind of CIA-like structure that becomes really intoxicating to people. But to meet people who've been out of the cult - I mean, yeah, you want to ask them about Xenu and aliens - but the fact is these are smart people. They've just been completely destroyed."
In the 1980s the Feshbach Brothers incl. Kurt (1952-) and twins Joe and Matt (1953-) make big bucks short-selling stocks, attributing their success to the Super Power Rundown of the Church of Scientology and becoming megabuck donors; Joe's daughter Jessica Feshbach Rodriguez Davis (1975-) becomes the assistant of Tom Cruise and the handler of Katie Holmes during their engagement; the brothers' self-made man father Bernie Feshbach (1923-2017) becomes a critic of Scientology, disguising it from them to avoid being disconnected.
On Nov. 18, 1981 the nonprofit Church of Scientology Internat. Inc. (CSI) is incorporated at 6331 Hollywood Blvd., Los Angeles, Calif., becoming known as Scientology's Mother Church; Scientology Missions Internat. are ecclesiastically integrated with CSI to operate beginner orgs. known as Scientology Missions; CSI's division Golden Era Productions (originally Source Productions) produces promotional material along with E-meters, located at Gold Base in Riverside County, Calif., home of David Miscavige.
In 1981 the Church of Scientology builds the Flag Service Org. (FSO) (named after Flag Ship Apollo) in Clearwater, Fla., becoming the church's spiritual center.
In mid-1982 the first org. in the Free Zone (Scientology Freezone) (Independent Scientologists) is founded by Sea Org. Capt. Bill Robertson as Ron's Org., becoming the first Church of Scientology breakaway group, which the church labels as "squirrels" (heretics), harassing them with copyright and trademark lawsuits et al.
In 1982 the Religious Technology Center (RTC) is founded in Hemet, Calif. by the Church of Scientology to oversee all of its Dianetics and Scientology trademarks and copyrights, which are owned by the nonprofit Church of Spiritual Technology DBA L. Ron Hubbard Library of Los Angeles, Calif.
In 1982 L. Ron Hubbard (1911-86) pub. Battlefield Earth: A Saga of the Year 3000 (1.2M words); longest pub. English novel so far?; vol. 1 of the 10-vol. "decalogy" Mission Earth (1982-7); the humans led by Jonnie Goodboy Tyler vs. the hairy 9-ft.-tall 1K-lb. Psychlos in the Rocky Mts. near Denver, Colo. in 3000 C.E.; the first half is quite good, but the second half (ghostwritten by Hubbard's Scientology org.?) turns into a story about a dishonest multilevel scheme to take over the known universe, becoming a self-expose of the Scientology org.?; filmed in 2000.
On June 20, 1984 after Gerald "Gerry" Armstrong quits the Household Unit of L. Ron Hubbard's Sea Org in Gilman Hot Springs, Calif. and steals 500K+ documents from Hubbard's early career that expose his official bios. as full of lies, causing the Church of Scientology to declare him a Suppresive Person subject to their Fair Game doctrine and sue him, Judge Paul Breckinridge issues the opinion in Church of Scientology of Calif. v. Gerald Armstrong: "In addition to violating and abusing its own members' civil rights, the organization [Scientology] over the years with its "Fair Game" doctrine has harassed and abused those persons not in the Church whom it perceives as enemies. The organization clearly is schizophrenic and paranoid, and the bizarre combination seems to be a reflection of its founder LRH [L. Ron Hubbard]. The evidence portrays a man who has been virtually a pathological liar when it comes to his history, background, and achievements. The writings and documents in evidence additionally reflect his egoism, greed, avarice, lust for power, and vindictiveness and aggressiveness against persons perceived by him to be disloyal or hostile. At the same time it appears that he is charismatic and highly capable of motivating, organizing, controlling, manipulating, and inspiring his adherents"; on Aug. 10 he rules in favor of Armstrong, finding that his fears of persecution by the Church are reasonable, hence he was justified in stealing documents to protect himself, with the soundbyte: "The court is satisfied the invasion was slight, and the reasons and justification for the defendant's conduct manifest. Defendant was told by Scientology to get an attorney. He was declared an enemy by the Church. He believed, reasonably, that he was subject to 'fair game.' The only way he could defend himself, his integrity, and his wife was to take that which was available to him and place it in a safe harbor, to wit, his lawyer's custody"; in Dec. 1986 the church agrees to pay Armstrong %800K in exchange for a confidentiality agreeement; in 1991 Church of Scientology v. Armstrong affirms the lower court ruling, which doesn't stop the church from filing more lawsuits and continuing their life war.
On Jan. 24, 1986 after moving into a luxury Blue Bird motorhome on the 160-acre Whispering Winds Ranch near Creston, Calif. in 1984 and hiding out from the law while allegedly reaching the OT 10 level all by himself, requiring him to "drop his body" to continue his research on another planet, Am. sci-fi writer and Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard (b. 1911) dies of a stroke in his Church of Spiritual Technology (founded 1982) in Creston, San Luis Obispo County, Calif. after pub. 1,084 works (incl. 500 novels and short stories and 3K recorded lectures) (total of 500K pages, 65M words) and leaving several immortal quotes; he is cremated and his ashes scattered over the Pacific Ocean, where as a member of the Church of Scientology's elite Sea Org. he will allegedly enjoy a 21-year vacation between lives before returning to a new physical identity in the year 2007; leaves an engram of Westerns pub. in pulp mags. under the name Winchester Remington Colt, nearly 80 sci-fi stories pub. under the names Kurt Von Rachen and Rene Lafayette, and many more sci-fi works pub. under his own name, plus a slew of books on Scientology and Dianetics; Bucks County, Penn.-born Religious Technology Center (RTC) chmn. (since 1987) David Miscavige (1960-) immediately takes over the Church of Scientology (until ?), becoming known as Capt. Miscavige by Scientology haters because for legal reasons he denies that Sea Org even exists; Hubbard never wanted Miscavige to take over, but he used his privately-owned for-profit Author Services Inc. to stage a palace coup to take over the RTC in Calif.?; no surprise, Miscavige gets accused of miscabbage, er, miscarriage, er, mischief, er, misconduct incl. physical assults on church staff members, harassment of critics and journalists, coercive fundraising practices, and forced separation of family members. In June 2006 David Miscavige's wife (since Dec. 1982) Michele Diane "Shelly" Miscavige (1961-) stops making public appearances, skipping the Nov. 2006 wedding of Tom Cruise and Katie Holmes and disappearing completely after Aug. 2007, causing actress Leah Remini to question why, getting her attacked by church members and leading to her quitting the church and filing a missing persons report in Aug. 2013 that is dismissed after police establish contact; on Sept. 8, 1985 Michelle's 52-y.-o. Scientologist Flo Barnett commits suicide with a rifle. In 2012 his prof. horn-playing father Ron Miscavige Sr. leaves the church, causing it to hire $10K/week P.I. Dwayne S. Powell to watch him, telling him not to intervene after had a heart attack, after which he pub. Ruthless: Scientology, My Son David Miscavige, and Me (If He Dies, He Dies) on May 3, 2016. On Feb. 5, 2013 after 20 years in the church incl. experiencing the hell of Sea Org, his niece Jenna Miscavige Hill (1984-) pub. Beyond Belief: My Secret Life Inside Scientology and My Harrowing Escape.
In 1988 pres. of the Church of Scientology Internat. (since 1980) Heber Carl Jentzsch (1935-) (ex-Mormon), husband (1972-8) of Yvonne Gillham (d. 1978) is arrested along with 69 other church members in Spain, and charged with illegal association, tax fraud, and endangering public health; after a trial beginning in Feb. 2001, all charges are dropped by Apr. 2002; in Sept. 2010 his 2nd wife (1978-88) Karen de la Carriere (1944-), leaves the Church of Scientology, going on a crusade against it and exposing its dirty laundry.
In 1988 the late L. Ron Humbug, er, Hubbard releases the OT VIII ("The Truth Revealed") auditing course, later explaining that it was intended to be released only after his death in order to explain "the greater untold reality of my mission here on Earth", revealing that "The historic Jesus was not nearly the sainted figure [he] has been made out to be. In addition to being a lover of young boys and men, he was given to uncontrollable bursts of temper and hatred", claiming that the Bible Book of Revelation and its prophecy of a time when "an arch-enemy of Christ, referred to as the anti-Christ, will reign" ("anti-Christ represents the forces of Lucifer") culminates in "My mission [which] could be said to fulfill the Biblical promise represented by this brief anti-Christ period", stating that Christianity evolved from the "R6 Implant", with the soundbyte: "The man on the cross. There was no Christ! The Roman Catholic Church, through watching the dramatizations of people picked up some little fragments of R6." In 2008 Mark Driscoll and Gerry Breshears pub. Vintage Jesus: Timeless Answers to Timely Questions, containing the soundbyte: "According to Scientology, Jesus is an 'implant' forced upon a Thetan about a million years ago."
On May 6, 1991 Time mag. pub. the article The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power. Ruined lives. Lost fortunes. Federal crimes. Scientology poses as a religion but is really a ruthless global scam - and aiming for the mainstream by by New York City-born journalist Richard Behar, slamming Scientology as a "hugely profitable global racket" which attacks enemies like the Mafia; it contains an interview with ex-Scientologist William Franks alleging that Scientologist John Travolta is afraid of leaving the church because they have info. proving private homosexual behavior; on Jan. 17, 2013 Lawrence Wright (1947) pub. Going Clear: Scientology, Hollywood, and the Prison of Belief, repeating the claim, which is made into a HBO documentary by Alex Gibney, debuting at the Sundance Film Festival in Jan. 2015.
In Oct. 1991 according to the article Scientology's Puzzling Journey from Tax Rebel to Tax Exempt in The New York Times of Mar. 9, 1997 Inspector Gen. of the Religious Technology Center (RTC) of the Church of Scientology Mark C. "Marty" Rathbun (1957-) and top dog David Miscavige make an unscheduled visit to IRS Commissioner Fred T. Goldberg to jump-start stalled tax exemption negotiations; they deny this and claim it was in Nov.; either way, the application is granted on Oct. 8, 1993, reversing 25 years of denial, during which the church used pressure and blackmail tactics, incl. filing 200 lawsuits accompanied by 2.3K more by individual members, then covered it up, and got the IRS to cooperate in the coverup, leaving a big stink; in 2004 Rathbun leaves the church while still calling himself a Scientologist, going on to become a church critic, accusing Miscavige of ordering him to secretly videotape Tom Cruise's auditing sessions in July-Nov. 2001 after he separated from Nicole Kidman, and cooperating with a 2009 expose of the church titled Inside Scientology: The Truth Rundown by The St. Petersburg Times, claiming that Miscavige regularly beats his staff and orders staff to beat others; in the Jan. 2015 documentary "Going Clear", Rathbun claims that the church also wiretapped Nicole Kidman; he's really a secret Scientology attack dog who never really left it?
On July 17, 1991 Scott Charles Goehring sets up the Internet newsgroup alt.religion.scientology to expose Scientology as a "half-assed religion" using claims of exclusive intellectual property rights to stifle critics; in July 1994 high-ranking Scientology official Dennis Erlich begins posting anti-Scientology messages, heating the group up; on Dec. 24, 1994 the "secret writings of Scientology" incl. the details of OT III (the Xenu story) are posted anonymously, causing Scientology's bird dog attys. to move in and threaten lawsuits over "copyrighted, trademarked, unpublished trade secrets"; on Jan. 11, 1995 after that didn't work, Scientology atty. Helena Kobrin tries to shut the newsgroup down with a control message, which also doesn't work, after which they finally begin suing, starting with Religious Technology Ceneter v. Netcom, follows by a raid by federal marshals on Dennis Erlich et al. on Feb. 13, 1995; when that doesn't work, a group of Scientologists begin flooding the newsgroup with spam, making it unusable, while Scientology attys. continue their threats and intimidation, mostly not working, which doesn't make them give up.
In 1991 the Church of Scientology reaches the peak of its wealth and powah, after which it starts a downhill slide?
In 1993 Scientologist inventor Bryan Zwan holds a business meeting in Scientology's Fort Harrison Hotel in Clearwater, Fla., talking Great Am. Fun Corp. founder Brian Haney (a Scientologist, who later quits) into investing in his startup Digital Lightwave, which manufactures test units for fiber optic cables, going on to reach $6M sales in 1996 and to go public on Feb. 6, 1997 and hire Denise Licciardi, sister of Scientology leader David Miscavige as vice-pres. of admin.; L. Ron Hubbard's personal atty. Norton Karno is the 2nd biggest IPO stakeholder; Scientologist Doug Dohring is pres. for 8 mo. in 1997, leaving with $1M in stock options; too bad, after the hit hits the shan in Jan. 1998, and they admit to shipping half-built units, etc., the feds begin investigating the co. for inflating sales, causing the Church of Scientology to scramble to disavow all connections with it, incl. the use of LHR Tech, L. Ron Hubbard's business practices.
In 1994 The Scientology Handbook is pub. by the Church of Scientology, a must-have and only $100 for the paperback ed.
On Oct. 21, 1995 the Fraser Mansion (built 1890) at 1701 20th St. N.W. at the intersection of Conn. Ave., 20th St., and R St. in Dupont Circle, Washington, D.C. becomes the home of the Founding Church of Scientology, moving to the nearby Embassy Bldg. on 16th St. N.W. on Oct. 31, 2009.
On Dec. 5, 1995 during an Introspection Rundown, in which she was locked in a room in the Fort Harrison Hotel in Clearwater, Fla. for 17 days, mentally unstable church member Lisa McPherson (b. 1959) dies of a pulmonary embolism, in an emaciated and dehydrated condition with her body covered with cockroach bites, after which the church is indicted on two felony charges, which are dropped after the medical examiner changes the cause of death from undetermined to accidental; on May 28, 2004 a lawsuit by her family is settled; the church begins requring patients to sign waivers in advance.
In July 1997 Dunedin, Fla.-based TradeNet Marketing Inc. is accused by state officials of making false claims about its plastic laundry balls and of running a pyramid scheme; the Church of Scientology scrambles to deny any connection despite Scientology members owning and running it.
In 1998 the 7-story $45M Super Power (Flag) Bldg. next to Fort Harrison Hotel in Clearwater, Fla. (connected by a raised covered walkway) is begun, then halted in 2003, finished in 2011, and inaugurated in 2013, becoming the largest bldg. in the city, built to deliver the $100K Super Power Rundown (SPR) that teaches Scientologists to use all of their 57 "perceptics" (senses); it features a large bronze Scientology cross on top of a 15-story tower; the interior incl. "technology developed by NASA to train astronauts", incl. a time machine, oiliness table, pain station, anti-gravity simulator (Barfitron), and infinite pit; trainees will be "spun on a gyroscope-like wheel, spend time in a sound chamber, sniff vials emitting fragrances and experience changes in gravitational pull"; the perceptics incl. Time, Sight; Taste, Color, Depth; Solidity (barriers); Relative sizes (external); Sound; Pitch; Tone; Volume; Rhythm; Smell; Touch (pressure, friction, heat or cold and oiliness); Personal emotion; Endocrine states; Awareness of awareness; Personal size; Organic sensation (including hunger); Heartbeat; Blood circulation; Cellular and bacterial position; Gravitic (self and other weights); Motion of self; Motion (exterior); Body position; Joint position; Internal temperature; External temperature; Balance; Muscular tension; Saline content of self (body); Fields/magnetic; Time track motion; Physical energy (personal weariness, etc.); Self-determinism; Moisture (self); Sound direction; Emotional state of other organs; Personal position on the tone scale; Affinity (self and others); Communication (self and others); Reality (self and others); Emotional state of groups; Compass direction; Level of consciousness; Pain; Perception of conclusions (past and present); Perception of computation (past and present); Perception of imagination (past and present); Perception of having perceived (past and present); Awareness of not knowing; Awareness of importance, unimportance; Awareness of others; Awareness of location and placement (masses, spaces and location itself); Perception of appetite; Kinesthesia; the Church of Scientology now owns 67 bldgs. over 10 sq. mi. in downtown Clearwater worth $500M, with every bldg. jealously guarded against trespassers or even lookieloos, causing non-Scientologists to avoid downtown; celebs Lisa Presley, Kirstie Alley, John Travolta built homes there; every Scientologist in the world has to take courses in Clearwater, with some staying for years and paying up to $1.5M; L. Ron Hubbard is living in Clearwater when the Fort Harrison Hotel is raided by the FBI.
In 1996 Operation Clambake at xenu.net is founded by Oslo, Norway-born anti-Church of Scientology activist Andreas Heldal-Lund (1964-), who calls it "a vicious and dangerous cult that masquerades as a religion", becoming the most popular anti-Scientology site on the Web.
In 1997 the Internat. Foundation for Human Rights and Tolerance (originally the Foundation for Religious Tolerance until 2002) at 1332 L. Ron Hubbard Way in Los Angeles, Calif. is founded by Church of Scientology members, going on to harass production of the 2001 film "The Profit" to stink itself up.
In 1998 the Church of Scientology releases their Scieno Sitter software program for Windows 95 that blocks Web sites critical of Scientology - see no evil?
On May 12, 2000 Roger Christian's Battlefield Earth, based on the 1982 L. Ron Hubbard novel debuts, a Dutch angle stinker starring John Travolta as Terl the Psychlo, Barry Pepper as human Jonnie Goodboy Tyler, and Forest Whitaker as Psychlo Ker; grosses $29.7M on a $44M budget; "One of the worst films ever made."
In 2001 Peter N. Alexander debuts his film The Profit at the Cannes Film Festival, a parody of the Church of Scientology and its founder L. Ron Hubbard filmed in Tampa Bay, Fla., about the Church of Scientific Spiritualism and its founder L. (Leland) Conrad Powers (Eric Rath), which pisses-off the church and its org. the Foundation for Religious Tolerance (1997), which harasses the cast and characters, then gets it banned from distribution in the U.S. in 2002-7.
In Aug. 2001 the nonprofit Youth for Human Rights Internat. org. is founded by Church of Scientology member Mary Shuttleworth (Untiedt) "To teach youth around the globe about human rights, thus helping them to become valuable advocates for the promotion of tolerance and peace" by distributing materials related to its interpretation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and YHRI programs to schoolchildren in a variety of developed nations, expanding to 26 countries by 2004.
On June 13, 2003 U.S. deputy secy. of state Richard Armitage meets with Church of Scientology spokespersons Kurt Weiland, Tommy Davis, and Tom Cruise to talk about treatment of Scientologists in Germany and other countries.
In 2004 Hollyweird star Tom Cruise is awarded the Church of Scientology's Medal of Valor by head honcho David Miscavige, who calls the video made of the event "one of the most important videos that had ever been produced", according to Sea Org member Marc Headley, who quits in 2005.
In Apr. 2005 Hollywood actors Tom Cruise (Thomas Cruise Mapother IV) (1962-) and Kate Noelle "Katie" Holmes (1978-) go public with their relationship, smooching and posing for photographers in Rome; since they both have major movies in the works, critics label it a publicity stunt, but on June 17 they announce their engagement at the Eiffel Tower, and marry on Nov. 18, 2006 at Odescalchi Castle in Bracciano, Italy after she becomes a Scientologist, becoming known as Tomkat; on May 23 Cruise appears on The Oprah Winfrey Show to declare his love for "Dawson's Creek" actress Katie Holmes, jumping on Oprah's couch like a trampoline and hurting his image; on June 29, 2012 Holmes files for divorce, stating that she fears intimidation by the Church of Scientology, which she is leaving, and that Tom will abduct their daughter Suri (b. Apr. 2006). On June 24 Hollyweird and Scientology superstar Tom Cruise gives an interview to ABC-TV's Matt Lauer, dissing Brooke Shields for using anti-depressant drugs like Ritalin and Paxil for postpartum depression after giving birth to daughter Rowan Frances in 2003 instead of vitamins and exercise, calling Lauer "glib" for disagreeing, and uttering the soundbytes: "You don't even know what Ritalin is"; "Before I was a Scientologist I never agreed with psychiatry, and when I started studying the history of psychiatry, I understood more and more why I didn't believe in psychology", "Psychiatry is a pseudo-science", and "You don't know the history of psychiatry, I do"; in 2008 Cruise apologizes for being "arrogant"; on July 1 Shields pub. an op-ed piece in The New York Times, saying, "I'm going to take a wild guess and say that Mr. Cruise has never suffered from postpartum depression"; meanwhile, Steven Spielberg's War of the Worlds, starring Tom Cruise debuts on June 30 with $21.3M at the domestic box office, and $34.6M worldwide; in Dec. a museum called "Psychiatry: An Industry of Death", linked to the Church of Scientology opens in Hollywood, the opening attended by Lisa Marie and Priscilla Presley, Danny Masterson, Jenna Elfman, Catherine Bell et al.
On Dec. 17, 2005 the Psychiatry: An Industry of Death Museum at 6616 Sunset Blvd. in Los Angeles, Calif. opens, owned by the Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR), founded by the Church of Scientology, attended by Scientologist celebs Lisa Marie Presley, Priscilla Presley, Jenna Elfman, Danny Masterson, Giovanni Ribisi, Anne Archer et al.; Hollywood actress Leah Remini tells CNN: "If somebody is going to get turned off about something because of what they read or heard, then that person's not smart enough to even enter a church. If you're really against something, then know what you're against."
In 2005 Los Angeles, Calif.-born Thomas William "Tommy" Davis (1972-) (Celebrity Centre vice-pres. since 2001), son of real estate investor William Davis and Scientologist actress Anne Archer, and husband of Scientology spokesperson Jessica Feshbach succeeds Mike Rinder as chief spokesman for the Church of Scientology Internat., losing his temper during interviews when the Xenu story is brought up then dropping out of public view in 2011 and resurfacing in June 2013 in Austin, Tex. working for Australian billionaire James Packer.
In 2005 Church of Scientologist marketing mgr. Jeff Hawkins quits after 35 years, giving an interview on CNN along with other ex-Scientologists Tom DeVocht, Marty Rathbun, Mike Rinder et al., all divorced, who sue the church and whose wives deny their allegations of beatings et al.
On Sept. 10, 2006 Brett Hanover releases his indie film The Bridge, a fictional treatment of Scientology that becomes the first feature film about the Church of Scientology.
In Mar. 2007 after 46 years in the Australian Church of Scientology, their chief internat. spokesperson Michael John "Mike" Rinder (1955-) quits over the mgt. abuses of leader David Miscavige incl. beatings, moving to Denver, Colo. and going on to become an anti-Scientology spokesman, with the soundbyte: "I don't want people to continue to be hurt and tricked and lied to."
In 2007 after becoming a critic of Scientology in 1995 while working at the Phoenix New Times, Los Angeles, Calif.-born non-Scientologist journalist Tony Ortega (1963-) becomes ed. in chief of The Village Voice (until 2012), after which in Sept. 2012 he launches his blog The Underground Bunker criticizing the Church of Scientology, going on to pub. The Unbreakable Miss Lovely: How the Church of Scientology Tried to Destroy Paulette Cooper in May 2015.
On Jan. 21, 2008 Project (Operation) Chanology) is launched by the Internet group Anonymous, with a goal being "to expel the church from the Internet" to stop its attempts at censorship, engaging in denial-of-service attacks, black faxes, prank calls, and other actions, soon followed by a nonviolent protests demanding that the IRS investigate the Church of Scientology and revoke its tax exempt status, causing it to play the victim card.
In summer 2009 Scientologist Brian Culkin (1987-) gets into a nightmare with the Internat. Assoc. of Scientologists in Boston, Mass., who ask him what his bank balance is then begin hounding him for money until he gives them $330K for donations and so-called services before quitting in 2010 and asking for his money back, which he finally does after signing a declaration that they are using in a court case to deprive other ex-members of their right to get refunds.
In 2009 after walking away from Gold Base in Gilman Hot Springs, Calif., former Sea Org members Claire and Marc Headley file the lawsuit Headley v. Church of Scientology International, accusing them of violating laws against human trafficking and violating their human rights; in ? the U.S. District Court rules that the church is protected by the ministerial exemption; in 2012 the U.S. Court of Appeals affirms the ruling; on Nov. 5, 2009 Marc Headley pub. Blown for Good: Behind the Iron Curtain of Scientology.
On Mar. 31, 2010 the German ARD TV network broadcasts Until Nothing Remains, an expose of Scientology, pissing-off Scientologists.
In Aug. 2010 after minister Tony Muhammad is beaten by LAPD police for holding a prayer vigil for a young man killed in a drive-by shooting, and claims that Scientology saves his life, turning on white-hating Jew-hating leader Louis Farrakhan Sr. (Louis Eugene Walcott) (1933-) (AKA Louis X), who finds similarities between Xenu and mad scientist Yakub, who allegedly created the devil white race, the Nation of Islam sends hundreds of members to a seminar on Dianetics in Rosemont, Ill., after which Farrakhan tells everyone to become a certified auditor.
On Sept. 28, 2010 BBC-TV's Panorama documentary series debuts The Secrets of Scientology, presented by John Sweeney, following-up his 2007 investigation of the Church of Scientology featuring interviews with high-ranking members, incl. Mike Rinder, who was sent to "handle" him during the 2007 investigation and ended up quitting the church.
In July 2011 Rolling Stone journalist Janet Reitman pub. Inside Scientology: The Story of America's Most Secretive Religion, a popular treatment of their dirty laundry, pissing them off, like always :)
In 2011 Hungary revokes Scientology's status as an official religion, calling it profit-making venture, passing the 2012 Church Act reducing the number of officially recognized religions from 300+ to 13, which doesn't stop the Scientologists from opening a new 6K sq. m HQ in Budapest, which police raid in Oct. 2017.
In July 2013 Brooklyn, N.Y.-born Hollywood star and longtime member (since age 9) Leah Marie Remini (1970-) leaves the Church of Scientology, going on a crusade against it; on Nov. 3, 2015 she pub. her NYT bestseller Troublemaker: Surviving Hollywood and Scientology; on Nov. 29, 2016 she debuts her documentary TV series Leah Remini: Scientology and the Aftermath on A&E Network (until ?), which exposes its dirty laundry.
On Oct. 10, 2015 County Tipperary, Ireland-born Scientologist Hollywood makeup artist Cathronia White (b. 1985), married ex-girlfriend of comedian Jim Carrey dies in Sherman Oaks, Calif. of an OD of prescription pills, after which he is accused of providing her with them by her Scientologist husband Mark Burton (stepson of Duke Snider, who was one of the Scientology officials imprisoned for the Snow White Program) and her mother Brigid Sweetman; she was on the Survival Rundown when she died?